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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

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IOTHPOB MATME1R, I). 

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THE 






NEW ENGLAND 



^i0torical & ©etjealagical Eigtstir, 



PUBLISHED QUARTERLY UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF THE 



Nero (Euglanb historic, Q&cnzaloQital Society 



FOR THE YEAR 1852 



VOLUME VI. 




BOSTON: 
THOMAS PRINCE, PRINTER AND PUBLISHER, 

56 CORNHILL. 
1852. 



PUBLISHING COMMITTEE OF THE N. E. HIST. AND GEN. REGISTER, 

For the Year 1853. 

Timothy Farrar. 



David Hamblen. 
Frederic Kidder. 



William B. Trask. 
Charles Mayo. 



From the great accumulation of valuable materials now on hand, the 
Publishing Committee feel warranted in assuring the patrons of the Reg- 
ister, that the ensuing year will produce a volume not surpassed in interest 
and valuable materials by any of its predecessors. They wish, therefore, 
that the patrons of the work would bear in mind, that their co-operation 
in extending its circulation is absolutely necessary to ensure its prompt 
appearance and future continuance. 



4 "174 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Address to the Society, 217 

Allegiance, list of those who took oath of, 

in old Norfolk County, 201 
Almanacs, extracts from, Danforth's, 356 ; 
Sewall's interleaved, 352 ; Tully's, 328 
American Antiquarian Society, first Libra- 
rian of, 220 
Amherst graduate, 209 
Ancestors, the number of one's, 242 
Andre Major, will of, 63 
Autographs of 

Blake, James, Jr., 372 
Johonnot, Daniel, 366 
Metcalfe, Thomas, 173 
Metcalfe, Michael, 174 
Swett, Benjamin, 53 
Traske, William, 370 
Ware, Robert, 146 
Ware, Joseph, 148 
Weare, Nathaniel, 50 
Berkeley, Dean, remark of, 373 
Bibles, ancient ones, 84, 275, 358, 360 
Billerica, Historical material, 85, 86. 
Biography — see Memoirs. 
Books, Reviews and Notices of 

Armstrong's Historical Address at Ches- 
ter, Pennsylvania, 215 
Binney's History and Genealogy of the 

Prentice Family, 304 
Bishop's School Report, 299 
Bridgeman's Copp's Hill Epitaphs, 387 
Burke's Visitation, Seats and Arms, 300, 

383 
California State Officers for 1851, 97 
Carnes Voyage to Africa, 387 
Cummings' Congregational Dictionary, 

304 
Doolittle's Sketches of Belchertown, 303 
Dorchester History, number one, 97 
Drake's History and Antiquities of Bos- 
ton, 381 
Eddy's account of the First Church in 

Middleborough, 387 
Fogg's account of Early Settlers in El- 
liot, 97 
Hanson's History of Gardiner and Pitts- 
ton, 385 
Kidder's History of New Ipswich, 382 
Kilbourne Historical and Genealogical 

Society's Report, 97 
Kilbourne's Biographical History of 

Litchfield County, 302 
Lamson's Discourses on Robinson and 

White, 216 
Livingston's Law Magazine, 98 
Loring's Hundred Boston Orators, 299 
Lyon's New Hampshire Annual Regis- 
ter, 97 
Mount Hope Cemetery Consecration, 386 
Munsell's Annals of Albany, 304 
Parker's History of Londonderry, 384 
Parks' Discourse on Stuart, 302 
Peabody's Dinner Celebration, proceed- 
ings at, 215 
Potter's Monthly Visitor, 215 
Railroad Jubilee in Boston, account of, 
386 



Report on the Public Library of Boston, 

382 
Richards' Discourse at funeral of Rog- 
ers, 215 
Robbins' History of Second Church, 

Boston, 216 
Scudder's Cape Cod Oration, 300 
Smith Family of Peterboro', N. II., 386 
Sparks' Reply to Lord Mahon and oth- 
ers, 303 
SpofFord's Family Record, 98 
Streeter's Discourse before the Mary- 
land Historical Society, 388 
Simond's Third Annual Report, 305 
Tiffany's Life of Williams, 388 
Tucker's Genealogy and Family Histo- 
ry, 215 
Turner's Family Genealogy, 385 
Worcester's Life of Worcester, 301 

Boots, derivation of the word, 29; fined for 
wearing great ones, 30 

Boston, early records of, II. 76, 188, 274, 
400. III. 38, 126, 247. IV. 267, 359. 
V. 97, 243, 333. VI. 183, 377. Regis- 
tration, 305 

Bovvdoin College graduate, 308 ; Brown 
University graduate, 311 

Canada Captives, list of, 87, 88 

Centennial Celebrations, see Book Notices. 

Church, first Roman Catholic in Boston 
built by aid of Protestants, 358 ; sleep- 
ers in fined, 245 

Constitution frigate, her flag, by whom first 
hoisted, 209 

Cotton Mill, one of the first in the State, 255 

Court Records, extracts from, 312 

Craft, Alice, — who were her parents ? 178 

Crowne, William and John, notes of, V. 
307, VI. 46 

Customs of New England, 23. 

Dartmouth Graduates, see Graduates. 

Deaths and Marriages, see Marriages and 
Deaths. 

Dials, a maker of, 372 

Diary of Samuel Sewall, extracts from, 
72-77 

Donations, 100, 312 

Dorchester Inscriptions, II. 381. IV. 165, 
275. V. 89, 255. VI. 179, 236. 
heights, fort erected at, 256, 257 ; rec- 
ords, extracts from, 261 ; plans of lands 
missing, 372 

Dornix or Dornick, definition of, 171 

Dover, genealogical items, V. 449. VI. 35, 
258, 329 

Dutch House of Good Hope, account of,368 

Eastham, first settlers of, 41, 167, 234 

Elidt, Rev. John, petition of, 297 

Engravings, Arms of the Swett Family, 49 ; 
Doolittle, Mark, 217; Farrar, Timothy, 
313; Mather, Cotton, 9. 

Epitaphs, see Inscriptions. 

Errata, 93, 216, 312, 388 

Essex and Old Norfolk, early settlers of, 
206, 243, 339 

Fairbanks, Jonas, fined for wearing great 
boots, 30 



VI. 



General Index. 



Fitch, John, petition of, 262 

Gad or Goad, meaning of, 261 

Garrison house, 275 

Genealogies, Pedigrees, &c— Abbott, 200 
Ballantine, 371; Blake, 372; Bright, 272 
Brown, 232, 272, 278; Chipman, 272 
Cogswell, 102; Clap, 373; Davis, 35 
Dean, 103; Dearborn, 60; Doolittle, 293 
Drew, 36; Dudley, 280; Eliot, 277; Em- 
erson, 37; Gay, 373; Gerrish,258; Gil- 
man, 376; Goddard, 259; Hall, 259, 
Ham, 329; Hanson, 329; Hayes, 333; 
Jones, 200, 278; Livermore, 272; Lor- 
ing, 374, 375; Mather, 20, 21; Metcalf, 
171; Oates, 150; Odlin, 272; Parker, 
375; Pearce,276; Phillips, 273; Prence, 
234; Prentice, 273,276; Prescott, 274; 
Russell, 274; Sartle, 274; Storer, 275; 
Swett, 49 ; Ware, 145 ; Washington, 384 ; 
384; Wentworth, 213, 291; West, 282; 
Whitman, 376; Woodbridge, 273,281; 
Woodward, 214 

Graduates — of Amherst Coll. 209, of Bow- 
doin College, 308; of Brown Univ. 311; 
of Dartmouth, 103, 308, 326, 328, 389; 
of Harvard, 11, 148, 149, 159, 163, 174, 
175, 214. 272-275, 278, 279, 307-311, 
324, 326-328, 371-373, 389-392; Mid- 
dlebury, 328; Waterville, 320; Yale, 
200, 294, 295, 308, 391 

Harrison, life saved at Tippecanoe, 210 

Harvard College graduates, see Graduates. 

Huguenots, first arrival in Boston, 357 

Hull, petition from, 338 

Hutchinson Governor, anecdote of, 256 

Indian tragedies, 54, 55 ; false alarm of, 
60 ; killed by, 248, 251, 253, 261, 320, 
321, 323, 329, 330, 375 ; settlement 
broken up by, 357 ; mercy shown by, 
249 ; Fitch and family captured by, 262. 

Inscriptions, Monumental, 179,236,282 

Ipswich Grammar School, 64, 159 

Jenks' Address to the Society, 217 

Journal of Joseph Ware, 129 

Keayne, Robert, will of, 89, 152 

Kidd, Capt. his marriage license, 63 ; no- 
tices of, 77-84 

Lake, Capt. Thomas, killed by Indians, 54 

Lancaster incorporated, 320 

Letters— from Rev. Arthur Brown, 264 ; 
from correspondents, 298 

Maiden Records, 335 

Man, Rev. Samuel, his advice on Matri- 
mony, 39 

Marriages and Deaths, 101, 209, 306, 389 

Marshfield, early marriages, 347 ; first or- 
ganization of the town, 347 

Mather, Cotton, number of publications, 9 

Members, new, of the Hist. Gen. Society, 
list of, 100, 216, 312 

Memoirs of Cotton Mather, 9 ; of the Swett 
family, 49 ; of Francis Higginson, 105 ; 
of the Jones family, 279 ; of the Doolit- 
tle family, 293 ; of the Farrar family, 
313 ; of the Johonnot family, 357 

Middlebury College, graduate, 328 

Money, old tenor, 165 

Negroes advertised for sale, 359, 371 



New England, customs of, 23 

Norfolk County, oaths of allegiance, 201 ; 
early settlers of, 205 

Order Book, General Sullivan's, extract 
from, 58 

Paper manufacture at Milton, first in N. 
E., 255, 256 

Pedigrees, see Genealogy. 

Petitions to Gen. Court, 51, 367, 368, 370 

Poetry, 223-225, 229, 231, 372, 374 

Prince's Chronology, subscribers to, 189 

Publications, notices of, 97, 215, 299, 381 

Quebec, expedition against, 129 ; list of 
killed, wounded, prisoners at, 123 

Records destroyed, 62 ; early Boston, 183, 
377 ; early Maiden, 335. 

Reminiscences, 255 

Reviews of Books, see Books. 

School, Ipswich Grammar, Hist, of, 64-71 

Scottow, Capt. Joshua, fortifications erect- 
ed by, 56 

Shepard, John, notices of, V. 472. VI. 
127, 128 

Ship Paragon, sails from London, 276 

Snow, great fall of, 255 

Subscribers to Prince's Chronology, names, 
189 ; brief memoirs of, Abbott, Hull , 200 ; 
Moses, 371 ; Alford, John, 371 ; Allen, 
Benjamin, 200 ; James, 376 ; Ballantine, 
John, 371; Blake, James, 372; Bowles, 
John, 372; Brown, John, 272; Chipman, 
John, 272; Clap, Nathaniel, 372; Noah, 
373;Coolidge, Amos, 200; Samuel, 373; 
Crossman,Nath'l, 200 ; Fiske, Nathan, 
200; Flagg, Benjamin, Jr., 200; Free- 
man Enoch, 200; Gay, Rev. Ebenezer, 
373; Ebenezer, student, 373; Gerrish, 
John, 272; Gilman, Josiah, 376; Hench- 
man, Daniel, 374; Jones, Ephraim, 200; 
Livermore, Thomas, 272; Lombard, Sol- 
omon, 376; Lorinc, Benjamin, 374; Ca- 
leb, 374; Daniel,~374; John, 375; John- 
athan, 375 ; Odlin, Woodbridge, 272 ; Ox- 
nard, Thomas, 375; Parker, Isaac, 375; 
Pecker, Daniel, 376; James, 376; Phil- 
lips, Samuel, 273; John, 273; Prentice, 
Solomon, 273; Joshua, 376; Prescott, 
Benj. 274; Russell, Daniel, 274; Sartle, 
Nathaniel, 274; Spring, William, 376; 
Storer, Ebn'r, 275 ; Whitman Sam'l, 379. 

Swett, Capt. Benjamin, petition to General 
Court, 51 ; killed by Indians, 55 

Traske, William, petition of, 370 

Voyagers early, 296 

Washington, fort erected by, 256, 257 

Waterville College graduate, see Graduates. 

Westfield, marriages, births, deaths, 265 ; 
first white person born in, 265 

Whitfield, preaching of, 264 

Wills Suffolk, II. 102, 180, 260, 383. III. 
77, 177, 265. IV. 51, 285. V. 239, 295, 
441. VI. 89, 152, 283, 353 

Plymouth, IV. 33, 173, 281, 319. V. 
259, 335, 385. VI. 93, 185. 

Witchcraft, executions for, 293 

Yale College graduates, 200, 294, 295, 308, 
391 



NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 

VOL. VI. JANUARY, 1852. NO. 1. 

MEMOIR OF THE REV. COTTON MATHER, D.D., 

WITH A GENEALOGY OF THE FAMILY OF MATHER. 

By Samuel G. Drake. 

The succession of eminent men by the name of Mather, 
through a period of above one hundred years, was enough to 
make that name conspicuous for several ages or generations, after 
those who gave ihe impression had passed away. The subject of 
this notice, (though by no means the last of the Mathers,) was 
the last of the three great men of the name, and one who, 
with them, so indelibly impressed his fame upon the age in 
which he lived, that no length of time is likely to obliterate it; 
and it is worthy of remark, that the three Mathers should have 
followed each other in importance in unbroken succession. 
Not that the successors were better men than their prede- 
cessor, but there seems to have been an accumulation of fame 
attached to each, something in proportion to the amount and 
number of their literary productions ; for, while the first of the 
series, the Rev. Richard Mather, published but very few works, 
perhaps not above eight or nine, yet there have not, probably, 
lived in New England to this day, any three men of one name 
and family, who have been authors of an equal number of publi- 
cations. Those of our author alone number three hundred and 
eighty -two. 1 * 

In what we shall have to say in this brief memoir of Dr. Cot- 
ton Mather, it is not proposed to enter at all into an examina- 
tion or exhibition of his religious views and theories ; those can 
be best understood by a perusal of his writings ; while, at the 
same time, we hold it to be our duty to rebuke those, who, we 
conceive, have calumniated him. 

It may be justly said of Cotton Mather, that he was one of 
the most remarkable men of the age in which he lived ; not only 
remarkable on one, but on many accounts ; and for none, perhaps, 
more than for his wonderful precociousness, or the early intuitive- 
ness of his mind. His memory was likewise very extraordinary. 

* The figures refer to the notes at the end of the Memoir. 
2 






10 Memoir of the Eev. Cotton Blather, D.D. Jan., 

The acquirement of knowledge seems to have been with him ac- 
complished almost without effort ; and his writings show that 
they were generally drawn from the storehouse ot his mind, 
where, from reading and observation, they had been from time to 
time deposited. Authors who write from this source alone, are 
generally diffuse, and wanting in those very essential and minute 
particulars, which in these days constitute so important a part of 
every man's writings. His style is very peculiar ; and no one 
who is acquainted with the writings of the " famous Thomas 
Fuller" can hardly doubt that Cotton Mather attempted to make 
that writer's composition a model for his own. Still he falls con- 
siderably short of Fuller in his attempts at witty conceits ; in them 
the latter is always happy, while the former is seldom so. Yet we 
do not hesitate to give it, as our opinion, that a volume might be 
made up from his writings, which would be well entitled " Curi- 
osities and Singularities of Cotton Mather," equal if not superi- 
or in interest to anything of the kind that has ever appeared. 

His ability for acquiring languages has probably been surpass- 
ed by but very few, and he is said to have been master of more 
languages than any other person in New England in his time. — 
Those, especially the Latin, it must be confessed, he made a much 
greater use of, than appears necessary in our day ; bringing in 
passages from them at all times, as though every body understood 
them, as well as himself. 

So far as we now remember, Dr. Douglass seems to have been 
the author of the fashion or practice, so much of late years in 
vogue, of reviling Cotton Mather. It has been carried to such an 
extent in some quarters, that any one who presumes to mention 
his name, does it at the peril of coming in for a share of obloquy 
and abuse himself. Some not only charge him with committing 
all sorts of errors and blunders, but they bring against him the 
more serious charge of misrepresenting matters of fact. Now it 
would he well for those who bring those charges, to look at their 
own works. 

It is not to be denied that the mind of Dr. Mather was in 
some respects singularly constituted ; and whoever shall under- 
take an analysis of it, will find a more difficult task, we appre- 
hend, than those have found, who content themselves with nothing 
further than vituperative denunciations upon the fruits of it. We 
owe avast deal to Cotton Mather ; especially for his historical and 
biographical works. Were these alone to be struck out of existence, 
it would make a void in these departments of our literature, that 
would probably confound any who affect to look upon them with 
contempt. Even Dr. Douglass, although he has written it down 
for truth, that, to point out all the errors in the Magnalia, would 
be to copy the whole book, is nevertheless, very much indebted 
to him for facts in many parts of the very work in which he has 
made that statement; hence it would be very bad logic that 
would not charge Dr. Douglass with copying errors into his work, 
knowing them to be errors. It would be very easy for us to point 



1852.] Memoir of the Rev. Cotton Mather, D. Z>. 11 






to some writers of our own time equally obnoxious to the same 
plain kind of logic. And a late writer of very good standing, has, 
with great apparent deliberation said, that, "it is impossible to 
deny, that the reputation of Cotton Mather has declined of late 
years." This, of course, was his belief; but it strikes us as very 
singular, that that same author, should, at the same time, make 
the largest book on the life of a man, in such a state of decline, 
that had hitherto appeared ! But we are under no concern for 
the reputation of Cotton Mather, even in the hands of his ene- 
mies, and we have no intention of setting up a special defence of 
him or his writings. We are willing the latter should pass for ex- 
actly what they are worth. All we design to do, is to caution those 
a little who need caution, and save them, if we may, from having 
the windows in their own houses broken, by the very missiles 
they themselves have thrown. 

The genealogy subjoined to this notice will give the neces- 
sary statistical facts of births, marriages, &c, in the Mather fam- 
ily, and we shall proceed at once to notice some of the prominent 
events in the life of Cotton, one of its important members. 

Cotton Mather graduated at Harvard College in 1678, being 
then but 16 years of age. At this early period he drew up sys- 
tems of the sciences and wrote remarks upon the books which 
he read. In 1684, at the age of 22, he was ordained minister of 
the North Church in Boston, as colleague with his father. Two 
years after he began his career as an author. His first publica- 
tion was " A Sermon to the Artillery Company in Middlesex. 
From this time to his death, namely, from 1686 to 1727, no year 
passed in which he did not publish something; thus in a period 
of 41 years were produced 283 books and tracts ; giving to each 
year on an average nearly seven works. He understood 
one or more of the Indian languages, and published some books 
in one or more of them. He also published some in Spanish, 
and some Latin. 

In 1692, Dr. Mather published his " Wonders of the Invisible 
World." This was his account of the witchcraft cases of that 
time. In this he laid himself open to the charge of credulity, 
as did many others of the most respectable men of his day. 

Many have reproached Doctor Mather, as though he was the 
author of that dismal and awful delusion. This is singularly 
unjust. He was himself one of the deluded ; and this is the 
only charge that can lie against him relative to it. All the world 
then believed in witchcraft, and people entered into it according 
to their temperament and circumstances. The delusion was not 
a native of New England, but an exotic from the father land ; 
and it had been well if this had been the only one imported 
thence. Even when prosecutions had ceased, there was not a 
cessation of a belief in the reality of witchcraft ; its progress was 
stayed from a very different cause, as is now too well known to 
be entered into or explained. Even to the present day there are 
thousands who believe in its reality ; and that belief can only be 



12 Memoir of the Eev. Cotton Mather, D. D. [Jan. 

extirpated by the progress of genuine knowledge. Within our 
remembrance, we could ride from Boston in a single day, with a 
verv moderate horse, into a New England town where the belief 
in witchcraft was very general, and where many an old horse shoe 
could have been seen nailed to half the bedsteads in the town to 
keep away those vile miscreants who came riding through the 
air upon broomsticks, or across the lots upon the back of some 
poor old woman, who perhaps from some malady had not left her 
house for years. How much short of a day's ride by steam or 
otherwise it would now be necessary to take to reach a place 
where the belief existed, we shall not undertake, but leave for 
others to determine. 

Cotton Mather was undoubtedly the most prominent author 
who wrote on witchcraft, and in the full belief of it, in his time, 
in this country; this circumstance accounts for his being singled 
out by u one Iiobert Calef" who attacked him with some suc- 
cess, in his book which he called " More Wonders of the In- 
visible World," &c., which he published in London, in a quarto 
volume, in the year 1700. In his book, Calef styles himself 
" Merchant, of Boston in Xew England" Now in the absence of 
proof to the contrary, it may not be unfair to presume, that Calef 
issued his work quite as soon as he dared to, and quite as soon 
as public opinion would tolerate a work which had for its aim a 
deadly blow against a belief in the imaginary crime of witchcraft. 
For we know that as soon as Calef s book did appear, some of 
Dr. Mathers friends came out with another work against that 
author, from the title of which alone its contents can pretty well 
be judged of. It is "Some few Remarks upon a Scandalous 
Book written by one Robert Calef." But this book and its 
authors are alike almost unknown, while Calef occupies a con- 
spicuous place as the opponent of a remarkable delusion. 

The foreign correspondence of Dr. Mather was very extensive ; 
" so that (says his son) I have known him at one time to have above 
fifty beyond sea." Among his correspondents were many of the 
most learned and famous men in Europe ; as Sir Richard Black- 
more, Mr. Whiston, Dr. Desaguliers, Mr. Pillionere, Dr. 
Franckius, Wm. Waller, Dr. Chamberlain, Dr. Woodward, 
Dr. Jurin, Dr. Watts, &c, &c. In a letter which he wrote in 
1743, Dr. Watts says, "he had enjoyed a happy correspondence 
with Dr. Cotton Mather, for near twenty years before his death, 
as well as with the Rev. Mr. Samuel Mather, his son, ever since." 

In 1710, came out a book from the pen of our author, which he 
entitled " Bonif actus : An Essay upon the Good to be devised by 
those who would answer the great End of Life." In this work 
are many good maxims andreilexions, but its popularity has prob- 
ably been very much enhanced by what Dr. Franklin has said of it. 
Dr. Mather was well acquainted with Franklin when the latter 
was a young man ; and when Franklin was an old man, in the 
year 1784, in writing to Samuel Mather, son of our subject, he 
thus alludes to it in his happy style :— ," When I was a boy, I met 



1852.] Memoir of the Rev. Cotton Mather, D. D. 13 

with a book entitled 'Essays to do Good, 1 which I think was writ- 
ten by your father. It had been so little regarded by a former 
possessor, that several leaves of it were torn out; but the remain- 
der gave me such a turn of thinking, as to have an influence on 
my conduct through life ; for I have always set a greater value 
on the character of a doer of good than on any other kind of re- 
putation." In the same letter is to be found that often told anec- 
dote of an interview he once had with Doctor Mather. This 
too, that it may lose nothing at our hands, we will give in its 
authors own words. " You mention being in your seventy- 
eighth year ; I am in my seventy-ninth ; we are grown old to- 
gether. It is now more than sixty years since I left Boston, but 
I remember well both your father and grandfather ; having heard 
them both in the pulpit, and seen them in their houses. The last 
time I saw your father was in the beginning of 1724, when I 
visited him after my first trip to Pennsylvania. He received me 
in his library, and on my taking leave showed me a shorter way 
out of the house through a narrow passage, which was crossed 
by a beam over head. We were stili talking as I withdrew, he 
accompanying me behind, and I turning partly towards him, 
when he said hastily, ' stoop, stoojj ! ' I did not understand him, 
till I felt my head hit against the beam. He was a man that 
never missed any occasion of giving instruction, and upon this 
he said to me, 'You are young, and have the ivorld before you; 
stoop as you go through it, and you will miss many hard thumps? 
This advice, thus beat into my head, has frequently been of vise 
to me ; and I often think of it, when I see pride mortified, and 
misfortunes brought upon people by their carrying their heads 
too high." This moral, so essentially good in itself, does not need 
the high recommendation of a Franklin, though but for him, it 
would not, probably, have been brought to the knowledge of every 
youth who has learned, or may yet learn to read. 

It may be too much a custom for us to dwell on the errors 
and misfortunes of people while living ; and to err, on the other 
hand, by making their characters appear too well after they have 
passed away ; especially if they have been sufficiently conspicu- 
ous in life to require a written memorial of them after their 
decease. Though Dr. Cotton Mather had enemies while liv- 
ing, his memory has been pursued with more malignity since 
his death, than has happened to that of most men ; and as we 
conceive, without sufficient reason, and which could only be 
warranted by the most undoubted proofs, that he has purposely 
led us into errors, and that he acted falsely on the most important 
occasions ; and that, finally, he was too bad a man to make any 
acknowledgement of all this, though conscious of it when he took 
his final departure with the messenger of his last summons. 

Nobody will charge the Rev. Thomas Prince with insincerity 
in what he has said of his co-laborers, and he says, " Dr. Cotton 
Mather, though born and constantly residing in this remote cor- 
ner of America, 3 has yet for near these forty years made so rising 



14 Memoir of the Rev. Cotton Mather, D. D. [Jan., 

and great a figure in the learned world, as has attracted to him 
while alive, the eyes of many at the farthest distance; and now 
deceased, can't but raise a very general wish to see the series, 
and more especially the domestic part of so distinguished a life 
exhibited. His printed writings so full of piety and various 
erudition, his vast correspondence, and the continual reports of 
travellers who had conversed with him, had spread his reputation 
into other countries. And when, about 14 years ago, I travelled 
abroad, I could not but admire to what extent his fame had 
reached, and how inquisitive were gentlemen of letters to hear and 
know of the most particular and lively manner, both of his pri- 
vate conversation and public performances among us." 

Dr. Column speaks in the highest terms of Dr. Mather, in his 
Funeral Sermon. " His printed works," he says, " will not convey 
to posterity, nor give to strangers a just idea of the real worth 
and great learning of the man." To this and a great deal more 
equally commendatory, Mr. Prince subscribes in these words : 
" Every one who intimately knew the Doctor will readily assent 
to this description." 

It would be difficult, perhaps, to produce an example of indus- 
try equal to that of which we are speaking. In one year, it is 
said he kept sixty fasts and twenty vigils, and published fourteen 
books — all this besides performing his ministerial duties; which 
in those days, were something more than nominal. He kept a 
diary, which has been extensively used by some of his biogra- 
phers, but we have not sought after it, as it is said to be scattered 
in different places! How this happened we have not been in- 
formed. Notwithstanding he published so many works, he left 
nearly as much unpublished in manuscript; the principal part of 
which is entitled " Biblia Americana," or" The Sacred Scriptures 
of the Old and New Testament Illustrated/' For the publication 
of this work proposals were issued soon after its author died, but 
nothing further seems to have been done about it. Of the " Bib- 
lia Americana," the Doctor's son remarks, " That is a work, the 
writing of which is enough constantly to employ a man, unless 
he be a miracle of diligence, the half of the three score years 
and ten, the sum of years allowed to us." 

It remains now to mention the book by which Dr. Mather is 
best known, and which will make his name prominent through 
all coming time — the readers mind is already in advance of the 
pen — the MA CNALIA CHRISTI AMERICANA. This was 
printed in London, in 1702, in a moderate sized folio volume, the 
aggregate of its pages being 794. It is chiefly a collection of 
what the author had before printed on historical and biographical 
subjects. The value of its contents has been variously esti- 
mated. Some decrying it below any value, while others pro- 
nounce it " the only classic ever written in America." At the 
hazard of incurring the charge of stupidity, we are of the decided 
opinion that it has a value between those extremes. But we 
have sufficiently expressed our mind on the value of the author's 



1852.] Memoir of the Rev. Cotton Mather, D. D. 15 

works before. There have been two editions of the " Magna- 
lia ; " the last was printed at Hartford, in two volumes, octavo, 
1820. Unfortunately, this edition was printed from a copy of 
that in folio, which had not the errata, and consequently abounds 
with all the errors contained in the original edition. To those 
who do not understand the matter, this printing an edition of the 
il Magnolia" without correcting its errata, may seem to incur for 
the publisher severe reprehension. But the truth appears to be, 
that the copy used in printing the new edition had not the 
complete errata attached to it ; and that, in fact, but very few 
copies of the original edition can be found to which it is attached. 
Nov/ we account for its rarity in this way. Dr. Mather living in 
Boston while his work was printing in London, could make no 
corrections while it was passing through the press ; but when he 
received his copies afterwards, he found so many errors that he 
was induced to print an extra sheet of corrections. This extra 
sheet may not have been struck off until most of the copies of 
the Magnalia which had been sent to New England, were distri- 
buted. Thus we account for the rare occurrence of copies of the 
Magnalia containing the errata ; and hence we think the pub- 
lisher of the last edition should not be too severely censured. 
That our solution is correct, we would mention that out of a 
great many copies of the folio edition imported by ourselves and 
others from England, not one of them contained the errata in 
question. 

On the last page of the Magnalia, the following are the last 
three lines : — " Errata. Reader, Carthagenia was of the mind, 
that unto those three things which the ancients held impossible, 
there should be added this fourth, to find a book printed without 
erratas. It seems the hands of Briareus, and the eyes of Argus 
will not prevent them." And the additional errata of which we 
have been speaking, the author thus prefaces : — u The Holy 
Bible it self, in some of its editions, hath been affronted with scan- 
dalous errors of the press-ivork ; and in one of them, they so 
printed those words, Psalms 119, 161, ' Printers have persecuted 
me,' " &c. 

When the Magnalia was published, Dr. Mather's old school 
master, among others, wrote commendatory poetry upon it, which 
was according to the fashion of the day, inserted in its introduc- 
tory pages. The following brief specimen by Tompson, 4 may 
not be thought inappropriate to be extracted here : — 

"Is the bless'd Mather necromancer turn'd, 
To raise his country's Father's Ashes Urn'd ? 
Elisha's dust, life to the dead imparts ; 
This prophet by his more familiar arts, 
Unseals our hero's tombs, and gives them air ; 
They rise, they walk, they talk, look wondrous fair; 
Each of them in an orb of light doth shine, 
In liveries of Glory most divine. 

When ancient names I in thy pages meet, 
Like gems on Aaron's costly breast-plate set ; 
Methinks Heaven's open, while great saints descend, 
To wreathe the browg, by which their acts were penned." 



16 Memoir of the Rev. Cotton Mather, D. D. [Jan., 

In the book, which before all others, we should expect to find 
full and ample materials for a genealogy of Dr. Mather's own 
family, a very meager and unsatisfactory account only is to be 
seen ; yet, as deficient and meager as it is, it is of great impor- 
tance as containing nothing upon the subject but what the author 
did know. We refer to " The Life of the very Reverend 
and Learned Cotton Mather, D. D., and F. R. S.," &c, by his 
son, Samuel Mather, M. A., published the next year after the 
death of the author's father. The sum of what this book con- 
tains on our immediate subject we shall condense into a para- 
graph, as follows : 

After informing us that his father was born on " Thursday, 
Feb. 12, 1662-3, at Boston, in New England," he continues, " I 
have no great disposition to enquire into the remote antiquities of 
his family ; nor, indeed, is it matter of much consequence that in 
our Coat of Arms, we bear Ermine, Or, A Fess, wavy, Azure, 
three Lions rampant ; or; for a Crest, on a wreath of our Colours 
a Lion Sedant, or on a Trunk of a Tree vert." 5 "His mother 
was Maria, the daughter of the renowned Mr. John Cotton, who 
was a man of very exalted piety and uncommon learning: Out 
of respect to this excellenl man. lie was called Cotton. His educa- 
tion was at the free school in Boston, under the care, first, of Mr. 
Benjamin Thompson, a man of greal Learning, last, under the 
famous Mr. Ezekiel Cheever." At the age oi L6 he graduated, 
and when 18J, received the degree of M. A., from the hands of 
his own father, Dr. Increase Mather, who was then President of 
Harvard College. At the age of 24 he was married, and in 170:2 
his wife died. In soniewhai less than a year he married again; 
"one of good sense, and blessed with a complete discretion, with 
a very handsome, engaging countenance : and one honorably de- 
scended and related, 'twas Mrs. Elizabeth Hubbard, who was 
the daughter of Dr. John Clark, who had been a widow four 
years. He rejo'u-cd in her as having yreat spoil." By his third 
wife he had no issue. •• By the two former wives he had fifteen 
children, only two of which are living; one a daughter by the 
first wife; the other, a son by the second; he is the writer. By 
his first wife he had nine children, of which but four arrived to 
man's or woman's estate. By his second, two children only lived 
to grow up out of six." 

Such is the account of the children of Cotton Mather by one 
of those children ; and although he tells us there were fifteen, from 
his account we can learn the names of five only ; nor have we 
been able, from all other sources to make out the names of but 
thirteen. 

It is said in the " Mather Genealogy," mentioned in the 
note, 6 that a daughter of Dr. Cotton Mather, named Jerusha, 
married a Smith of Suffield, Ct., and that she was the grand- 
mother of John Cotton Smith, late Governor of that State ; 
on the authority of Gov. Smith himself. This must be an error, 
if our account of the children be correct, because it is shown that 



1852.] Memoir of Rev. Cotton Mather, D.J). 17 

the daughter named Jerusha, died at the age of two and a half 
years, in the year 1713. Mr. Smith says his grand-mother died 
in Sharon, Ct. in 1784, in her 90th year; hence she was born in 
1693—1. Now Cotton Mathers Daughter Abigail was born in 
1694 ; therefore, it is plain, we think, that Jerusha Mather, who 
" married a Smith of Suffield," was not a daughter of Cotton, but 
perhaps a daughter of Atherton Mather, who lived in Suffield, 
and had a daughter Jerusha. Cotton and Atherton were own 
cousins, and a daughter of the latter would be very likely to name 
a son after so distinguished a kinsman as Dr. Mather; for Gov. 
Smith's father was named Cotton Mather Smith. 

Few ministers preached a greater number of Funeral Sermons 
than Dr. Mather; and when he died his cotemporaries seemed to 
have vied with each other in performing the same office for 
him. Several of their sermons were printed. Some of these 
with their quaint titles are now before us. Foremost among 
them appears that of the excellent Mr. Prince ; he entitled his 
" The Departure of Elijah lamented. — A Sermon occasioned by 
the Great and Publick loss in the Decease of the very Reverend 
and Learned COTTON MATHER, D.D., F. R. EL, and Senior 
Pastor of the Worth Church in Boston. Who left this Life on Feb. 
13th, 1727, 8. The morning after he finished the LXV. year of his 
Age." From 2 Kings II. 12, 13. The imprint of this Sermon is, 
"Boston in New England: Printed for I). Henchman, near the 
Brick Meeting House in Cornhill. MDCCXXVIIL" 

The running title of Dr. Colman's Sermon on the same occa- 
sion is, " The Holv walk and Glorious Translation of Blessed 
ENOCHS His text was Gen. v. 24. It would be difficult to 
find anything of the kind, either before or since, which, in our 
judgment, is superior to this discourse of Dr. Colman ; but valu- 
able as it is, we cannot introduce extracts from it here. His allu- 
sion, however, to the then past and present state of things con- 
nected with his subject, is so happy that we cannot overlook it. 

"Dr. Mather's brethren in the Ministry here," he says, "are 
bereaved and weak with him. God has taken their father as well 
as his, from their heads this day. He was a Pastor in the town 
when the eldest of the present Pastors were but children, and 
long before most of them were born. They are weak indeed 
when he that is now speaking to them is the first in years among 
them, in all respects else the least," ecc. 

The Rev. Joshua (tee, 6 colleague with Dr. Mather, also 
preached a Funeral Sermon on his departed friend, entitled " Is- 
rael's Mourning forAAROx's Death." In this discourse there is 
the following important note: "Within a few months past, we 
have been called to lament the deaths of two such aged servants 
of the Lord. The Rev. Mr. Samuel Danforth of Taunton, who 
died Nov. 14. And my honored father-in-law, the Rev. Mr. 
Peter Thatcher of Milton, who died Dec. 17, 1727 : while the 
days of mourning were scarce over in this town for my dearly 
beloved friend and brother, the Rev. Mr. William IValdron, who 
died Sept. 11, 1727." 



13 Memoir of Rev. Cotton Blather, B.I). [Jan., 

Dr. Mather's son, " Samuel Mather, M. A., and Chaplain at 
Castle William," also preached a Funeral Sermon on his fath- 
ers death. " The Departure and Character of Elijah considered 
and improved," was its running title. Only about five years 
before, the deceased preached a sermon on the death of his father; 
in the title-page of which, when printed, instead of the author's 
name we read, " By one who, as a Son with a FATHER, served 
with him in the Gospel." 7 

There were other discourses on the occasion of Dr. Mather's 
death, but they are not within our reach ; and if they were we 
have not room even for their till! 1 -/ 

Dr. Mather died intestate, and the order of the Judge of Pro- 
bate for the distribution of his estate is as follows : — " One third to 
ills widow, Lydia Mather; two single shares or fourth parts to 
Samuel Mather, Clerk, only surviving son, and one share each to 
the rest of his children, viz: Abigail Willard, deceased, wife of 
Daniel Willard, also deceased, their children and legal represent- 
atives, and Hannah Mather, Spinster." Dated, 25th May, 1739. 

The following items illustrative of the history of the Mather 
family are thought to be of sufficient interest to claim an inser- 
tion here. " Peter llix of Dorchester and Sarah his wife, 
appointed guardians to Katherine Mather, aged about five years, 
daughter of Joseph Mather, yeoman, late of Dorchester, deceased. 
Dated, May, 1G95. Suffolk Wills, Vol. XIII. 299." 

t; Petition of Samuel .Mather of Boston, Clerk, praying the con- 
sideration of the courl for the eminent and signal -erviees of his 
venerable and honored grand-lather, with another petition of 
sundry others of the descendants of the petitioner's grandfather." 
Jour. IL R. 20 Dec, 1738. On the :29th Dec. following, " the 
committee reported that, considering the Rev. Dr. Increase 
Mather not only served his particular church faithfully, and the 
college as their President with honor, but the province as an 
agent in procuring the present charter, to the good acceptance of his 
country; and that his son, the Rev. Dr. Cotton Mather, and grand- 
son, the petitioner, his successor in the same church, and ministry, 
have not behaved themselves unworthy of such an ancestor, and 
have never had one foot of land granted to either of them, as we 
can learn, are therefore of opinion, that, notwithstanding the grat- 
ification of £200 given him, as is alleged, it may be proper for 
this court to grant a farm of 500 acres, to the heirs of the said 
Dr. Increase Mather, and report accordingly." ib. 

The following year there is this entry upon the Journal: — 
"Petition of the Rev. Mr. Samuel Mather, praying as entered 
the 12th and 20th of Dec. last, and a petition of Maria Fifield, 
Elizabeth Byles, and others, heirs of Dr. Increase Mather, praying 
the consideration of the court on account of their father's public 
services." ib. 22 June, 1739. 

In 1730, a petition, of Richard Mather and sundry other inhab- 
itants of Suffield and Enfield was presented to the General Court 
of Massachusetts, praying for a tract of land on " Houssatunnic 
river," for a township/ ib, 1730. 



1852.] Memoir of the Rev. Cotton Mather, D.D. 19 

" Athertoii Mather of Windsor, Ct, appointed administrator 
on the estate of his sister Katherine, late of Windsor, deceased, 
intestate, spinster, 14 July, 1694. Inventory presented by Ather- 
toii Mather, 19 July, 1694. Real estate in Dorchester to be 
divided between the two surviving brothers and the children of 
her deceased brethren, by her brother Atherton Mather; his eldest 
brother, Samuel, having refused the trust." Suf. Wills, vol. 
XIII. 288. 

" We hear from Halifax, that Dr. Thomas Mather lately died 
there of a fever. He was a son of the Rev. Samuel Mather of 
this town, and surgeon of the Provincial Regiment in Nova 
Scotia." — Bost Ev. Post, 20th Dec., 1762. 

The Portrait of which ours accompanying this article was 
engraved is a beautiful mezzotinto, half size, with the following 
inscription underneath it: 

" Cottonus Matherus S. Theologian Doctor Regiae Societatis 
Londinensis Socius, et Ecclesise apud Bostonum Nov "Anglorum 
nuper Propositus. 

^Etatis Suse LXV. MDCCXXVII. 

P. Pelham ad vivum pinxit ab Origin Fecit." 

Although the name of Mather has never been so conspicuous 
in Old as in New England, yet there have probably always exist- 
ed persons of the name in that country of good standing and 
respectability. About the commencement of the present century, 
there were the Rev. William Mather, of Dover, and the Rev. 
John Mather of Beverley in Yorkshire. Portraits of these gentle- 
men have been published, of the former in 1817, and of the latter 
in 1823. How these persons stood related, or to what branch 
of the Mather family they belonged, we are entirely uninformed, 
nor have we attempted any investigations for the family in Eng- 
land, other than we have indicated in this article. 

It may not be improper to remark here, upon the Mather portraits, 
that that of Dr. Increase Mather, in " Palmer's Calamy's Noncon- 
formist's Memorial," is probably a fancy sketch ; as it has no resem- 
blance whatever to the original painting existing in Boston. 
There is a painting of the Rev. Richard Mather, (father of 
Increase) at Worcester, of undoubted authenticity. 

The name Mather is derived from the Saxon math, to mow ; 
mother, a mower ; as mill, miller, &c. The family, at the time 
of emigration to this country, was not entitled to bear coat- 
armor, being yeomen, though of good estate. A branch of the 
family in England has lately had a coat of arms and crest granted 
them, 9 as follows : — 

Arms. — Quarterly Argent and Gules, four scythes counter- 
changed. 10 

Crest. — A demi husbandman habited quarterly, Argent and 
Gules, capped the same, face and hands ppr., holding in the 
dexter hand a horn Or, in the sinister a scythe ppr. — - Motto (in 
old English) — Howe Warilie. 11 



23 



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22 Memoir of the Rev. Cotton Mather, D. D. [Jan., 

1 Life by his son, who. in another place says, their number is three hundred and eighty- 
three. 

3 This and similar expressions arc very common in the New England writers of that 
day. They seem peculiarly odd in oar times, but by another hundred and fifty years 
they may be viewed as something more than odd. Having a few others at hand, I 
will throw them in here as curiosities of expressions of those days : 

In these goings down of the sun; Dr. I. Mather, Brief Hist., p. 1. Prince, Pre/, 
to Torrcys Elec. Ser. 

Remote American parts of the Earth : id. (I. Mather) Praise out of the mouth of Babes. 

This remote Corner of the Earth : id. Elect. Sermon. 

These dark Territories ; id. Cases of Conscience Concerning Witchcraft, 45. 

These Ends of the Earth : id. Pref. to Boring's Ser. at Lexington. (171S.) 

These Dark Corners of the Earth ; id. Prevalence of Prayer, p. 5. 

In these Ends of the Earth ; Prince, Pref. N. Eng. Psalm Boole. 

A depart Wilderness, thousands of leagues by sea; Johnson Wond. Work. Prov. 

In this Howling Desart ; id. 

Beyond a dreadful and terrible Ocean 900 leagues in length ; id. 

Tins far remote and vast Wilderness ; id. 

This Western End of the World ; id. 

Here I will close the extracts, not however for want of others. I am also aware that 
modern writers sometimes use similar expressions, when speaking of this country. 
Several instances occur in Trumbull's McFingal. 

4 Printed Thompson in the Magnalia, and also in the Life of Dr. Mather by his son, 
but it is believed that the family of which Benjamin Tompson was a member, wrote 
their name uniformly Tompson. We know his father, the Rev. William Tompson 
of Braintree so spelled his name. 

5 This is exactly as we find it, and it is not deemed necessary to reduce it to move 
intelligible heraldic language. "We would remark in this connection, that the above 
description of the Arms of Mather has scarcely any thing in common with a cut of 
arms given in a " Mather Genealogy," published by Mr. John Mather, of the Con- 
necticut branch of the family in 1848. The author of this work has not committed 
himself by giving us a description of the Arms he has published. To this publication 
we have been indebted, to some extent, especially in the later generations of the 
Connecticut Mathers. 

6 Who was Joshua Gee, who in 1731, published a third edition of " The Trade and 
Navigation of Great Britain considered :" &c. 1 In this work there is much relative 
to the ' ; American Plantations.' 

7 Whoever desires to be further informed respecting the life and character of Dr. 
Cotton Mather, cannot do better, in our opinion, than to read Dr. Eliot's notice of 
him in his New Eng. Biographical Dictionary. Por neatness, truthfulness, and ele- 
gance, it is nothing short of the superlative degree. The article in Dr. Allen's Amer. 
Biog. Diet, is also a good and candid one. Of the more recent and labored lives of our 
subject, we have not room to speak. 

8 The writer desires it to be remembered that for several items respecting the chil- 
dren of Dr. Cotton Mather, he is indebted to his ready and accurate friend, N. B. 
Shurtleff, M. D. 

9 The grant, according to Burke (Heraldic Register, 32) bears date 18 Feb., 1847. 
and was " To Thomas Mather of Glyn Abbot, Co. of Flint, and formerly cf Liverpool, 
Esq., a magistrate for the Co. of Flint, son and heir of Thomas M. of Mount Pleas- 
ant, Liverpool ; and grand-son of Daniel Mather of Toxteth Bark, to be borne by the 
descendants of his late father, and his aunt, Sarah Mather of Toxteth Park, spinster, 
only surviving sister of his late father." Ellis Mather was, (says the foresaid author) 
the first settler in Toxteth, descended from a family long seated in the parish of Rad- 
cliiFe and its neighborhood. They held Toxteth Park from the time of Elizabeth till 
recently. 

10 Researches of H. G. Somerby, Esq., in England, communicated to the author. 

11 A large number of " miscellaneous items" intended to have been inserted in this 
memoir, having been loaned some time since to a friend, we are obliged to defer : 
as on application for the same, they could not be found. They were ehleflycotem- 
porary matter with our subject, and highly interesting, and may hereafter appear 
in the Register, should they come to light. 



1852.] Customs of New England. 23 

CUSTOMS OF NEW ENGLAND. 

Communicated by Joseph B. Felt. 

Various and multiplied are the gifts, which have come down 
from the Father of lights, as our earthly portion. Among these 
blessings, Curiosity, as the inlet of useful knowledge, entertain- 
ment and edification, holds no low, no trivial rank. Such a fac- 
ulty is privileged to open its perception on the wonders of the 
Universe, as well as on the inventions, discoveries and productions 
of human genius. Particularly is it favored with looking back 
on the course of time, and holding communion with objects, un- 
seen by that view, which is only directed to scenes and concerns 
of the passing age. 

Curiosity, thus employed, has the abundant materials of His- 
tory gathering in its varied prospect, the more minutely it surveys 
and plies itself to the task of satisfying its increased and ardent 
desires. So indulged and so commendably occupied, it meets 
with topics, which invariably hold its high estimation and share 
in its favorable attention, though they are familiar and at home 
with it, as friends of long intercourse and acquaintance. There 
are other subjects, which, from not being often within the circle 
of its observation, nor without some degree of merit in themselves, 
are far from experiencing its rejection, but are invited to approach 
its presence and participate in its friendship. 

A reason why Curiosity thus notices things of greater and less 
importance, is, that it may have a symmetry in its impressions of 
human customs, actions and character. It eyes the forest in some 
Paradisiacal portion of the earth, and singles out for its admiring 
gaze, a fair proportioned tree, crowned with abundance of flow- 
ers, even more beautiful and charming, than those of the Magno- 
lia in our own adopted Floridas. But were it to notice nothing 
else, except these ornaments of the landscape, and to throw out 
from the means of its gratification, the roots, trunk, limbs and 
leaves, on which they depend for their subsistence and attraction, 
it would violate the laws of correct taste, indelibly and divinely 
inscribed on every well trained and rightly ordered mind. So 
would it be at fault, were it to seize only on the most prominent fea- 
tures of the portraiture, which the pencil of truth has drawn to 
represent men of other years, and, at the same time, pass over 
the rest of the graphic sketch, as if altogether unworthy of a sin- 
gle glance. Its true province is to collect the small as well as the 
great; to notice the frize, the cornice, the architrave and base 
as well as the shaft of ancient ages, that it may know the correct 
proportions of Aggrippa's Pantheon. 

Thus faithful to its trust, Curiosity furnishes us with the cus- 
toms of our ancestors, as a topic, on which we may look and not 
be altogether unrewarded for our attention. In the accomplish- 
ment of this enterprise, we have not always a compass, nor a 
cloudless polar star for our guide. Still we may venture in hopes, 
that we may fare better than our fears. 



24 Customs of J¥ew England. [Jan., 

Had the long standing laws of China, which extend to the 
whole social system of its immense population, been the rale of 
our land, we should only have to behold the present and know the 
past, to examine our own apparel and learn that of periods 
elapsed. But more compliant with the fancy of change, which 
has always prevailed where the air of freedom has been breathed, 
than with any permanent edicts, the former and latter inhabitants 
of our communities, have imitated their mother country in many 
of her various alterations in customs, and have thereby enlarged 
the difficulty of our becoming thoroughly acquainted with the 
fashions of our primitive settlers. 

We are told, that Appelles, on seeing the picture of a Venus 
magnificently attired, said to the artist, " Friend, though thou 
hast not been able to make her fair, thou hast certainly made her 
fine:' The writer is not ambitious to obtain such a compliment. 
Though what he has to say, will not allow him scope to be fair, 
yet he will endeavor to have it neither tawdry nor repulsive. 

The plan for presenting the subject proposed, is to consider un- 
der the first section, the dress of males, and so far as parts of it 
are worn by females ; then the attire peculiar, with some excep- 
tions, to the latter sex ; and, next, the hair of the head, both natu- 
ral and artificial, with some appendages to the several particulars. 
We will commence, in conformity to this order, with some of the 
less valuable, though not less necessary articles. 

Shoes. — These were called sJwonby Milton and other ancient 
writers. Being requisite to protect the feet in all climates, they 
must have been, in some form or other, among the first inventions of 
man. When the Most High was about to commission Moses as 
the leader of Israel out of Egypt, to the land of promise, he said to 
him, " Put off thy sJues from off thy feet, for the place whereon 
thou standest is holy ground." These were of the kind, known 
as sandals, or soles variously fastened round the feet. They were 
pulled off when persons entered a place which they deemed sa- 
cred. Such usage prevails among the Mahometans to this day. 
The Romans had their shoes taken off by their servants, when 
they entered a house as guests to a feast. A similar practice 
prevailed among the Jews. It appears on the occasion, when 
Abraham said to the three angels, " Let a little water, I pray you, 
be fetched, and wash your feet." Xenophon informs us, that 
the ten thousand Greeks, who had followed the younger Cyrus, 
being in want of shoes, as they retreated, were compelled to 
cover their feet with raw skins. We are informed, that other 
shoes of the Romans, as well as of the Jews and Greeks, covered 
half of the leg, were open in front, and fastened with leather 
thongs, were denominated corrigics. Slaves of the first among 
these three nations wore no shoes, and their feet had a chalky 
appearance. Heneethey were called cretati. 

Thus mentioned in the earlier ages of the world, shoes of dif- 
ferent forms have had their several periods of prevalence. For 
settlers, who came over in 1629, one hundred pair were provided. 



r2.] Customs of New England, 25 

Part: of them were of the quality described in the following con- 
" Agreed with John Hewson to make eight pair of welt 
nea ither i >ssed on the outside with a seam, to be 

substantial, good over leather of the best, and two soles, the 
inner sole o good neat's leather, and the outer of tallowed 
bad An account of merchandize, given in Boston, 1646, 

mentions six pair of slippers, usually assigned to the shoe diss. 
Amon property of Robert Turner, deceased, as exhibited at 

a Probate Court in the same town, 1651, we hav i the folio wins' 
items: 23 pair of children's shoes as 9d a pair; 29 pair of 11 at 
4s 4d ; of 12, 4s 8d ; of 13, 4s lOd a pair; and, also, 20 dozen 
wooden heels, at 81 a dozen. The last article has always been a 
constituent part of high heeled shoes and boots. A quantity of 
Rn was appraised with the preceding. The highest 

price of men's shoes in 1670, was 5*, and for those of women, 3s 8d. 
In 1672, a Committee of Boston, considering, that people in low 
circumstances, " will wear no other shoes or boots generally but 
of the newest fashion and highest price," propose that a law be 
passed, that no shoemaker shall sell to any inhabitant, shoes of 
11 Or 12 sizes above i pair, and so in proportion as to other 
sizes. 

As indicative that such manufactures continued to be imported 
from abroad, the News Letter of 1712, contained a notice that shoes 
and slippers, made in Europe, are for sale. This paper informs 
us, that, the next y \ a servant ran away from the Rev. John 
Wise of Chebacco, having on " wooden heel shoes." The same 
print advertises, in 1714, "French Fall" shoes. An account 
book of our metropolis, under date of 1740, charges those called 
Spanish and Morocco shoes. 

When our country was first occupied by Europeans, those with 
round and peaked toes were fashionable, and particularly the lat- 
ter. Some — denominated exquisites in modern parlance — ap- 
peared in London, with the shoe, then called forked, nearly as 
long again as the foot. This was not entirely a new thing under 
the sun. In the reign of Richard II., who was murdered, 1400, 
his queen introi toes so peaked as to need being held up 

by chains, fastened to the knees. Edward IV. proclaimed, that 
such beaks should not exceed two inches beyond the feet, upon 
pain of cursing by the clergy," and a fine of 20s. We are told 
that Henry Plantagenet, Duke of Anjou, had the toes of his 
shoes two feet in length, so that he might conceal a large excres- 
cence on one of hi . His example set the fashion for multi- 
tudes. Under Henry VIII. shoes, called pantofles having cork 
soles, bore up their wearers two inches from the ground. An 
imitation of the foibles more than the excellencies of the great, 
has long been a fault with the larger portion of mankind. Con- 
sidering that the chief object of most among the primitive planters 
of these shores was religious liberty, and that they brought with 
them the predilections of puritans against full compliance with 
the beau monde, it is hardly to be supposed that they indulged 

3 



26 Customs of Nav England, [Jan., 

themselves, or their visiters from abroad, in the excesses just relat- 
ed. Thus actuated, our fathers wore toes moderately peaked, 
which continued until 1630, then gradually lessened, and were 
succeeded by a greater share of round ones. Still it was no pro- 
tracted period before the peaked toes rallied, and renewed their 
hold on public attachment. By 1650, they had so revived in 
this and the mother country, that Bulwer, in his " Artificial 
Changling," remarks, " Our boots and shoes are snouted, that we 
can hardly kneel " in the house of worship. We are informed 
that the Duke of Anjou began this custom to conceal a deformed 
foot. 

About 1689, square toes made their appearance. These, also, 
had their prototypes. They had come under the lash of law, but 
were not scourged from human remembrance and readoption. In 
the reign of Mary, who died 1558, there was a proclamation 
issued, that no person should wear shoes over two inches wide at 
his toes. Thus preceded, shoes of this kind held their standing 
among our ancestors until 1737. Then according to the author- 
ity of the late worthy Dr. E. A. Holyoke, of Salem, they began 
to lose favor in the eyes of the community. Still, then, as ever 
since, general custom was not absolutely influential upon all 
individuals. In our newspapers from 1 716 to 1735, round toes 
more and peaked ones less, form a part of the description given 
of the shoes on runaway slaves and servants. A retort by one, 
who takes the signature of a female, in the Weekly Rehearsal of 
Boston, 1732, on strictures, relative to the dress of ladies, 
follows. " Shoe toes, pointed to the Heavens, in imitation of the 
Laplanders, with buckles of a harness size." From 1737, shoe 
toes continued, in a small proportion, round, and became mostly 
pointed. Of this shape they lasted, as we remember, until about 
1825, when they began to be succeeded by square ones. These be- 
ing at first unpleasant to the eye, which likes the line of a circle 
more than that of a square, had entrenched themselves, by 1833, in 
general preference, and were slowly increasing their width. But, 
unenforced by sumptuary enactments, they gave considerable 
way to round ones in 1836, which have since been on the advance. 
From present appearance, these bid fair to leave those far behind, 
neglected though not forgotten, until another revolution in fash- 
ionable taste. 

The shoes of females have participated, in common with those 
of the other sex in shape and alteration, as previously related. 
In 1716, laced shoes for women and children, are advertised in a 
Boston paper. Two pair of shoes for children were charged, 1695, 
at 4s 6d each. They have had heels of considerable height, while 
those of males were not so low a century since as they have been 
in our day. Cowley, who died 1667, makes a remark applicable 
to New as well as Old England, about his surprise " to see ladies 
wear such high shoes, as they cannot walk in without one to 
lead them." This language of his was, no doubt, hyperbolical. 
Still it gives us an idea of the prevalent excess to which he 



1852] Customs of Neio England. 27 

referred. By 1714, such heels had lost some of their altitude. 
Still they were common until fifty-two years ago, under the 
name of cross-cut heels. Small girls, as well as women, wore 
them. Before 1712, and then, it was customary for the laboring 
classes to have wooden shoe-heels. The French neutrals, brought 
from Nova Scotia and distributed through the colonies in 1755 
and '56, often wore wooden shoes, according to the long custom 
of their fathers. Previously to 1689, as well as in that year and 
afterwards, ladies had their dress shoes of silk and satin richly 
embroidered. We call to mind, that it is about thirty-eight years 
since right and left shoes for males began to make their appear- 
ance. These, being more for neatness than durability, are now 
generally worn. It is evidently an old fashion revived. The au- 
thor of Domestic Life in England, gives the likeness of a rich 
and ancient sandal, fitted only for the left foot. Shakespeare 
speaks as follows, of his smith : 

" Standing on slippers, which his nimble haste 
Had thrust upon contrary feet." 

Not long after the settlement of our colonies, when the want 
of food was comfortably supplied, and attention was turned by 
some to modes of dress, the fashionables of both sexes had large 
knots or roses of ribbon.prevalently green,on the instep of their shoes. 
For this purpose, ribbons of all colors, except white, the emblem of 
the fallen house of York, were fashionable in England. The red, 
denoting the house of Lancaster, was the most liked. Others 
wore strings and buckles. Some of the strings were so valuable 
as to appear in the account of estates; as in one rendered 1645, 
of Mrs. Dillingham's property at Ipswich. Buckles prevailed, 
and part of them, by 1702, were quite large. Subsequently 
they gave place to strings. By 1740, buckles reappeared. When 
the house of Gov. Hutchinson was ransacked, 1765, one of 
his daughters lost a pair of silver laced shoes and " stone 
buckles " for the same, and his son missed a pair of silver buck- 
les for a like use. They increased to fifty-seven years ago, 
when strings put in their claim to public favor, and since 1800, 
have had it generally allowed until the present time. True, a few 
venerable gentlemen, the representatives of by-gone customs, are 
occasionally seen with their great buckles. While appendages 
for the feet are properly provided, true ornaments of the mind 
and heart should not be neglected. 

Buskins. — These in modern periods, have signified a high shoe 
or half-boot. They are said to have been introduced by jEschy- 
lus, who died 456 B. C. They appeared chiefly on actors of the 
stage. Hence classical authors have used the word, expressing 
them, as tragedy itself. Confined to histrionic companies, the 
buskin had very thick soles so as to give them the appearance of 
gigantic height in their personation of heroes, like Hercules. 
Dempster informs us, that it was also worn by young women, 
who wished to seem much above their stature, and by travellers 
and hunters, who were called to pass through miry localities. 



28 Customs of New England. [Jan., 

As worn by our fathers, the sole of the buskin has varied with 
that of the shoe and boot. . It has chiefly differed from these in 
that it is higher than the one and lower than the other. At first 
thought, we may suspect, that our Purit ncestors would ex- 

punge buskin from their vocabulary, because they immoveably 
set their faces against all theatres, whether comic or tragic. 
Still they did speak and write it, as occasion required. We 
find in their inventories of estates, buskin mentioned as a com- 
mon term. Several of such documents, presented for examina- 
tion in Boston 1639 and 1645, contain references to deceased 
persons, as having been the owners of such articles. One of 
these individuals was Thomas Lamb of Roxbury. Though the 
expression has long ceased in New England, as applicable to cover- 
ings for the feet, yet the thing which it once denoted, has remained 
and continues in our day. As bearing on this topic, we have the 
following words of Pope : 

" Here, armed with silver bows, in early dawn, 
Her buskin'd virgins trae'd the dewy lawn." 

Pattens, Clogs and Goloeshoes. — The first were of wood, 
with an iron ring on the sole, to keep the feet from moist ground. 
Gay observes, in commendation of this article, 

" And the pale virgin on the patten rose, 
No more her lungs are shook with dropping rheums, 
And on her cheek reviving beauty blooms." 

The second were like pattens without the ring. They were used 
by females in England before the arrival of the Normans, 1066. 

In 1717, nineteen pair of the former, and seven pair of the 
latter, were sold by one of our traders at 15d a pair. The New 
England "Weekly Journal of 1729, advertises pattens, and of 
1741, these and clogs, for sale, as in general ase. A lady of Bos- 
ton, in L764, had three pair of clogs, at 4s each pair, and another 
at os 4d, stolen. 

Goloeshoes were of thick leather, and open at the heel for the 
same purpose as pattens and clogs. 

All these health-preservers were generally used by our prudent 
grandmothers and their daughters until within 57 years. They 
were succeeded by shoes with soles partly composed of cork, as 
a safeguard against taking cold. 

India-Rubbers and Overshoes. — As a very convenient, neat, 
and safe substitute for the articles just described, it is well known 
that India-rubbers began to be worn about twenty-nine years 
ago, and are much used by both sexes. The adoption of such 
an improvement has done much to prevent the hectic of weak 
lungs and keep well lungs in a sound condition. Of kin to 
India-rubbers, respecting their purpose, may be reckoned the 
overshoes worn by gentlemen to cover the feet of their boots and 
to keep out the wet. These have been used by invalids, or those 
inclined to be so, for more than forty-two years. Being cumber- 
some for walking, they have never been extensively worn, and 



1 52.] Customs of New England. 29 

arc now seldom seen. The prevention of ill is far better than 
its cur 

Snow-shoes. — These, though partly of the same name as 
th ! ng, are of different material, form, and use. To indi- 

vidu lis unacquainted with them, it may be in ing to have 

them ''scribed. They were shaped like a battledoor, about three 
feet in length, and two feet in their greatest width. Their size, 
howev as suited to the taste and strength of the wearers. 

They were composed of strong wood hoops, and of network 
made with cord. They were fastened so as to come under the 
soles of the leather shoes or boots, in due proportion. Their pur- 
po tiown by their name. It is to help people of thinly pop- 

ulated places to pass over deep unbroken snow, in the perform- 
ance of duties both necessary and merciful. To the hunter of 
the woods, they are indispensable appendages in the winter 
months. In the first settlement of our country, when scarcely a 
horse or cart was seen, when those highest in office walked in 
going long journies, and when, consequently, the few roads, 
covered with deep snow, remained unopened for we< ks and 
months, such shoes were very needful for the planters. As the 
means of travelling with horses, and after a considerable period 
with carriages, increased, they were of less demand. The inven- 
tory of Thomas Sautell's < 1651, of Suffolk County, as it 
then was, specified a pair of them. In 1703, mi 10 had 
Tyng's Town i :uently granted them for this service, pur- 
sued the Indian enemy " into their own country on snow shoes, 
the first attempt of that kind, and attended with success, by kill- 
ing five and preventing them of the common winter inroads on 
us, as they had used before." 

The Boston News Letter relates, that, on February 3, 1705, 
the Eastern Post had arrived, and states, "there is no travelling 
with horses, especially beyond Newbury, but with snow-shoes." 
The noted physician previously quoted, informs us that, on 
" February 22, 1748, the snow in the highways was two and a 
half feet deep," and on the 29th, that " there was no passing 
about the country except on rackets, or snow-shoes." These 
articles were often provided by our provincial government for 
their forces, when ordered to march in cold weather against the 
French and Indians. Even now they are occasionally worn by 
individuals of inland towns, when the roads are blocked up in 
winter. Woe be to the poor wight who presumes to walk hastily 
with them before he has carefully learned to use them. By neg- 
lect in this respect, he is sure to be cast and floundered in the 
snow. Damage, in all concerns of life, is sure to ensue from 
venturing beyond the dictates of discretion and experience. 

Boots. — The prevalent idea, as to the derivation of this 
word, is, that it comes from botte, signifying leather bottles, which 
resembled boots. But Borel derives it from hot, a stump, which 
has some likeness to the leg when booted. A kind of boot was 
common among the Chinese, made of silk, or some other fine 



30 Customs of Neiv England. [Jan., 

material, and lined with cotton an inch thick. In the time of 
Charles VII. of France, boots were called houses and hose. 

These have long constituted a part of dress among nations. 
When anciently worn by soldiers in active service, they were of 
iron, brass and copper. Of this kind were those of Homer's he- 
roes. This author calls the Greeks brazen-booted. So it was 
with the Jews. Such boots were the brass greaves of Goliath. 
They were worn to protect the feet and legs from being wounded 
by gall traps or iron stakes, placed in their way by an enemy. 
But without subjecting themselves to such inconvenient materials, 
the Old Englanders resorted to animal, rather than to mineral 
stock, and preferred boots of leather. In the reign of Richard II, 
they had peaks, like shoes, of great length, fastened to the knees 
with chains. Edward IV. forbade this custom, and required that 
the peaks should be only two inches long, on penalty of excom- 
munication and a fine. In the 14th century, beaux wore a boot 
on one leg and a stocking on the other. In our country, boots 
have kept pace with shoes in the shape of their feet. As a 
sumptuary regulation to meet the necessity of the times, the 
government of Massachusetts ordered, in 1651, that if any indi- 
vidual not worth £200, should wear great boots, he should be 
fined. The ensuing year, Jonas Fairbanks, of Essex county, 
was prosecuted for an infringement upon this law. Robert Ed- 
wards, of the same county, was likewise dealt w T ith on a similar 
charge. The fact was, that our civil fathers saw that boots, being 
short, were nearly as large at the top as the brim of a hat, and 
that they uselessly took up too much leather, then rather scanty 
among them. 

In 1641, the will of Edward Skinner designates a pair of 
" white russet boots." An inventory of Robert Turner's estate, 
1651, reckons 14 pair of boots at 14s a pair. The enactment 
had a partial effect, though boots continued considerably large 
till 1685. Those of a superior quality were sold in 1693, for 
30s a pair. After this, and until 1702, they became high and 
stiffened. An advertisement of 1715, offered " English boots, 
half jack and small, tops and spurs , " for sale, and another, fif- 
teen years afterwards, mentions "jack boots." They have changed 
their form several times. In 1790, half boots began to reassume 
a place in public favor. " The first pair, that appeared in Bos- 
ton," as an intelligent correspondent observed, " were worn by a 
young gentleman, who came here from New York, and who was 
more remarkable for his boots than any thing else." Thirty-seven 
years ago, most boots were high, stiff, and very protuberant at 
the calf, and ever since they have been, for the most part, preva- 
lently low, supple and straight. Such an item of apparel was 
formerly made to last much longer than it is at present. A cen- 
tury since, boots were seldom worn, save by military men. Before 
our Revolution of Independence, most persons who allowed them- 
selves a pair of them, would wear them occasionally for almost 
or quite their whole lives. 

Six years ago, Congress boots, for both sexes, were introduced. 



1852.] Customs of Neiv England. 31 

They came up so as to cover the foot neatly and closely by means 
of india rubber cloth inserted in the leather, on each side, wide 
enough to cover the ancles. Though they bear a higher price in 
proportion to the quantity of material, than shoes, yet they are 
likely to be continued through their convenience and usefulness. 
Whatever, in its proper sphere, whether animate or inanimate, 
rational or irrational, possesses the latter quality, has the promise 
of encouragement. 

Stockings. — These were anciently of cloth or milled stuffs 
sewed together. Mezerari informs us, that Henry II. of France 
was the first who appeared with silk stockings, and that this was 
at the marriage of his sister to the Duke of Savoy, in 1559. 
Queen Elizabeth, in 1561, was presented by her milliner with a 
similar pair of hose, and she was so much pleased with them, she 
entirely laid aside her cloth ones. The term, hose, was anciently 
used to signify the whole lower part of a man's dress, including 
his small clothes and stockings. It was so in the early years of 
New England. The primitive inhabitants here wore their doub- 
let and hose for a whole suit. Still stockings were worn, and, ere 
long, had the word hose applied to them as answering a like pur- 
pose with the nether part of the whole garment, that had long 
been denominated hose. The first pair of worsted stockings knit 
in England, were made in 1564, and presented to William, Earl of 
Pembroke. Mary, Queen of Scots, wore at her execution, blue 
worsted stockings, clocked and edged at the top with silver, and 
over another pair of white ones. Stubbs informs us, that such 
items of dress for women, consisted generally of " silk, jarnsey, 
worsted, or at least of fine yarn, thread, or cloth of all colors, and 
with clocks, open seams, etc." The subsequent language on this 
subject, is from Shakspeare : "In his first approach before my 
lady, he will come to her in yellow stockings, and 'tis a color she 
abhors." 

By the time our ancestors came to these shores, they had 
known the comfort of hose, manufactured from various sorts of 
cloth and yarn. For individuals, engaged to settle here, 300 pair 
of stockings were ordered, 200 of which were Irish at 13d a pair, 
and the rest were knit at 2s 4d a pair. In 1675, Captain Nath- 
aniel Davenport of Boston, several months before he was killed 
at the capture of Narragansett Fort, had left with him for sale, 
by Mrs. Winsley, 18 doz. pair of cloth stockings at 18s a dozen 
pair, and 31 doz. at 14s a dozen. 

For nearly a half century after the arrival of our fathers, red 
colored stockings, whether of yarn, worsted or silk, were much 
worn in New England. Besides these, those of wash leather 
w T ere used. A public print of 1711, gives notice, that scarlet 
ones are for sale. We find, however, russet and green ones, 1639, 
among the goods of a deceased person. Before 1691, the roll-up 
hose came into vogue. John Usher of Boston, writes to John 
Mason of England, 1675, " Your Sherrups Stocking and your 
turn dowm stocking are" not saleable here. In the former of 
these two years, a pair of the roll-up ones was charged 10s, while 



82 Customs of New England, [Jan., 

a pair of others, worsted, were 8s. The Weekly Rehearsal of 
Boston, 1732, advertises " men's, women's and children's worsted 
and woollen stockings, stirrup stockings and socks." Stocki] 
have, as a matter of neatness kept their general form, tho 
they have changed as to color, plainness, and ornament. In 1740, 
blue, grey, scarlet, and black ones were sold in our metropolis, some 
of which were " ciockt." 

When provision was made, 1629, for emigrants to Massachu- 
setts, as to stockings, these were accompanied with 10 dozen 
pair of Norwich garters, at about 5s a dozen pair. At an early 
period of our country, silk garters were worn by the more fash- 
ionable, and puffed into a large bow knot at the knee. This fell 
under the notice of our civil authority and were forthwith 
ited. 

Gloves. — These have been long in use. Xenophon informs 
us that the Persians covered their hands with them in the cold 
season. Homer represents Laertes at work in his garden, having 
them on his hands as a protection against thorns. Varro re] 
that the Romans found olives, gathered by the naked hand, 
were better than those gathered with it when gloved. It is an 
old proverb, that for a glove to be well made, three loras 

must be concerned. Spain to dress the leather, France to cut it, 
and England to sew it. But France, for a considerable period, is 
said + o have had the preference in all these three respects. 

Gloves have served as emblems of various significations. In 
1002 the Bishops of Panderborn and Moncero. as a sign of being 
invested with their see, were each presented with a glo> . lon- 
sieur Favin relates that the benediction on gloves, at the corona- 
tion of French kings, is an imitation of the eastern custom of 
induction to high oiiices. To deprive persons in eminent rank 
of gloves, was formerly an indication of their being degraded. 

Henry VIII. gave to an executor of his will, Sir Anthony 
Denney, a pair of gloves, and Queen Elizabeth presented a pair 
of mittens to another member of the same family. The former of 
these, were bought, a curiosities, at the Earl of Arran's sale, 

in 1759, for £38 17s, and the latter, for £25 4s. The scented 
gloves of Spain were preferred before all others in the time of 
Elizabeth. Being presented with a pair of them by the Earl of 
Oxford, she wore them when her portrait was taken. 

As is well known, gloves, in the fool hardy practice of duelling, 
have made a prominent figure. The individual who threw down 
his glove was understood to bid defiance, and he who took it up 
to accept the challenge. But the chief we have to do in our 
republic with gloves, is to wear them either for ornament or com- 
fort. For individuals coining to dwell in this land, 1629, sixteen 
dozen of gloves were provided, of sheep and calf's leather and 
kid. Those of the last kind, beinsr of fine quality, for men and 
women, 1771, were 3s 6d a pair. The next year, the News Let- 
ter notifies, that "all sorts of fine gloves, satin and kid, for men, 
women and children," are to be sold. 



1852.] Customs of Neiv England. 33 

It was a common custom, sixty years since, to give pall- 
holders, and others attending funerals, white leather gloves, and, 
subsequently, black ones, on like occasions, till within forty-seven 
years. In 1741, men and women's " white glazed lamb" ones, 
were offered for sale in Boston. William Pool of Danvers, gives 
notice, 1769, that he has gloves to sell at 12s 6d o. t. a pair, by 
the dozen, generally made for funerals, and " used by such per- 
sons as are esteemed friends to America." The material of these 
gloves, was leather. Since, it has been the practice of some fam- 
ilies to present the clergyman, who performs the burial service for 
any of their relatives, with a pair of black silk gloves. As made 
of several materials, as appearing of divers colors, as sometimes 
embroidered, and at others plain, such apparel has been worn in 
this country, from its beginning to the present time. 

Mittens. — These, as a part of female attire, left the fingers 
wholly and the thumb partly bare, and were of a texture to suit 
the seasons of the year. When the sleeves of the gown were 
short, such mittens were extended so as to cover the arm. Mit- 
tens, as used by males in cold weather, are well known to have 
covered the whole hand. Those " of Wadmol," were estimated 
in London, 1656, at 9s a dozen pair. Peacham referred to them, 
" January clad in Irish rug, holding, in furred mittens, the sign of 
Capricorn." Few articles are more needed than they, for the 
prevention of frost-bitten fingers and the promotion of comfort. 
As worn by both sexes, they have generally kept pace with 
gloves, in continuance, hue, and substance. 

Ruffs. — These, however odd it may appear to us, were form- 
erly worn by males as well as females. They abounded in the 
reign of Mary. Her successor, Elizabeth, appointed officers to 
clip the ruff of every person, whom they met wearing it beyond 
certain legalized dimensions. A sermon, preached at Whitehall, 
1608, spoke of it, worn by a lady, as " like a sail, yea like a rain- 
bow." Ruffs were wired as well as starched. In the reign of 
James first of England, ruffs, as well as bands, were stiffened 
with yellow starch, as the most popular color. Anne, widow of 
Dr. Turner, for assisting the Countess of Essex to poison Sir 
Thomas Overbury in 1613, received the following sentence from 
Sir Edward Coke : — " That, as she was the first who introduced 
the fashion of yellow starched ruffs, she should be hung in that 
dress, that the same might be had in shame and detestation." In 
the play of Albumazzar, edited 1614, Armilina questions Trincalo, 
"what price bears wheat, and saffron, that your band is so stiff 
and yellow ?" In consequence of the sentence on Mrs. Turner, 
ruffs were stiffened with white instead of yellow starch. Perhaps 
it may not be taken amiss to relate here the introduction of starch 
into England, seeing it has had much to do with the apparel of 
the neck. It was carried thither, 1564, by Mrs. Dinghen Van- 
den Plasse of Flanders, when she set up as a professed starcher. 
She instructed others how to use starch for £o, each individual, 
and how to make it for £20. Such charges in our day would be 



84 Customs of New England. [Jan., 

accounted very exorbitant. But new and attractive fashions have 
long induced many to gratify their passion for them, even at the 
hazard of their credit and of impoverishment. The News Letter 
of 1712, gives the subsequent notice : " Very good starch, made 
in Boston by a starch maker, lately from London, is for sale." 
In a comedy by Dekker, published 1612, a man is told to walk 
" in treble ruffs like a merchant." The custom of wearing 
ruffs by both sexes, was imported by some of our primitive set- 
tlers. The estimable Winthrop's picture appears with an elegant 
article of this description. So does the likeness of the poet Mil- 
ton, taken while he was a young man. In 1639, this part of 
dress was so enlarged, that the Legislature of Massachusetts 
commanded it to be kept within due bounds. It was not long 
after such legal interposition, that the ruff was laid aside by men, 
though it has been retained ever since, at alternate periods, by 
women, in diversified forms and sizes. Addison remarked of 
such articles, " The ladies freed the neck from those yokes, those 
linen ruffs, in which the simplicity of their grandmothers had 
enclosed it." 

Band. — In the reign of James I. it succeeded the full, stiff ruffs 
of Elizabeth's time. It is mentioned by Ben Johnson : " Let his 
title be but great, his clothes rich, and band sit neat." The Com- 
pany of Massachusetts ordered, 1629, four hundred bands for 
emigrants to our country, three hundred of which were " plain 
falling" bands. These were sometimes prepared with wire and 
starch as the ruff was, so as to stand out " horizontally and square- 
ly." They were held, generally, by a cord and tassel at the neck. 

This article of dress appears on most of the portraits, which 
represent our chief pilgrim fathers. It is on the liknesses of 
Governor Endicott, Wm. Pynchon, John Leverett and others. In 
their day it not only hung down before, but extended round so 
as to lay on the shoulders and back. On people of the ton, it 
was tied by long strings, tasseled at the ends and tastefully knot- 
ted, and frequently scolloped and elegantly embroidered. As 
thus made, it attracted the attention of our civil authorities. As 
early as 1634, they forbade bands to be ornamented with costly 
work, and in 1639, to be so broad as they had been. 

The inventory of Edward Skinner's property, dated this year, 
and presented at the Probate Court in Boston, contains ten nar- 
row and two broad bands. So a similar document, as to the 
estate of George Williams of Salem, 1654, mentions one dozen 
bands, and another there designates six falling bands. One of 
large size is drawn on the likeness of Algernon Sidney, who was 
beheaded 1683. For laymen, it appears to have been relinquished 
soon after 1685, save by Judges of the Supreme Court, who con- 
tinued it till the Revolution, and resumed it at the close of this 
struggle, and then wore it till the funeral of John Hancock, in 1793. 

(To be continued.) 



1852.] Genealogical Items relating to Dover, N. IT. 35 

GENEALOGICAL ITEMS RELATING TO THE EARLY 
SETTLERS OF DOVER, N. H. 

[Communicated by Mr. Ai.nvzo H. Quint, of Dover.] 
[Continued from Volumes "V, p. 4oo,J 

Davis, John 1 , b. 1623, was of O. R. in 1656, in which year he pur- 
chased land; in 1661 had a grant of land near Lamprey River. Was 
admitted freeman at Dover 22 May, 1666. His will was dated 1 April, 
1685 ; proved 25 May, 1686. He gave property to his chil. John, Joseph, 
Moses, James, Mary (Heath,) Sarah (Smith,) Hannah (Kezan,) Jane, 
Jemima, Judith ; to grandchild John Heath whom he had kept " from two 
years." John Gerrish, Thomas Edgerly, Executors. 

His children were, (Fam. 1.) 

Hannah 2 , b. 1653, m. — Kezan ; John 2 , b. 1655 ; Moses 2 , b. 30 Dec. 1657, 
(was killed 10 June, 1724, with his son Moses ;) Joseph 2 , b. 26 Jan. 1659 ; 
James 2 , b. 23 May, 1662; Mary 2 (Heath;) Sarah 2 (Smith ;) Jane 2 ; Je- 
mima 2 ; Judith 2 . 

Tobias, admitted freeman at Dover, 22 May, 1666. 

Daniel and David had grants in 1694. 

James 2 , (of Fam. 1.) was Lieutenant in 1691, and afterwards Colonel; 
he was a brave and successful officer. He died in 1749. Children, (Fam. 
2 ;) James 3 , b. 10 July, 1689 ; Thomas 3 , (died aged 88 ;) Samuel 3 , (died 
aged 99 ;) Daniel 3 , (died aged Go ;) Sarah 3 , (m. — Hicks, and died aged 
91 ;) Hannah 3 , (m. — Deering, and died aged 77 ;) Elizabeth 3 , (m. — Hicks, 
and died aged 79 ;) Ephraim 3 , (died aged 87 ;) Phebe 3 , (m. Mathes, and 
died aged $5.) 

James 3 , (of Fam. 2,) m. (1) 5 Nov. 1728, Ruth Ayer, of Haverhill, who 
died 28 April, 1730, leaving one child. Ruth 4 , b. 5 Nov. 1729 ; he m. (2) 
14 April, 1743, Elizabeth Pain, of York. Their children were (Fam. 3,) 
James 4 , b. 14 Feb. 1744-5; Mary 4 , b. 28 March, 1746; Daniel 4 , b. 7 
June, 1748— died 27 May, 1749 ; Thomas 4 , b. 7 Sept., 1750 ; John 4 , b. 6 
July, 1754. 

Samuel 8 , (of Fam. 2,) m.; his widow died in 1791, aged 102. 

Moses, m. Reuamah — ; chil. Ebenezer, b. 10 June, 1702. 

Descendants of John 1 Davis, are numerous. 

Dean John, " whose house stood by the sawmill, at the Falls," was 
shot at O. R. in 1694. Flis wife and daughter were captured in the attack 
of that year, but escaped. 

Derrey, John ; had a grant in 1693-4, as also James. 

Demeritt, Eli; had a grant of land 2 April, 1694. He lived in 
Madbury, as do also many of his descendants. He is called " sen" in 1723, 
and had children "by Hopstill," Job, b. 29 — , 1705 ; Benjamin, b, 29 Nov., 
1708; "also by Tabathy," Samuel, b. 8 May, 1723. Descendants are 
numerous. 

Denboyv, Salathiel ; b. 1642, (as by deposition in 1680,) was taxed 
at O. R. 1066 to 1677. 

Richard, married Mary Bunker in 1705. " To Richard Denbows land 
near his father's," at O. R. 16 Oct. 1713. 

Denmark, Patrick; taxed at O. R. 1664 to 1666. 

Doe, Nicholas 1 ; was "received an inhabitant" 21, 7 mo.. 1668 ; was 
taxed at O. R. 1666 to 1672. A "difference" between him and John 
Goddard was settled in 1674. He had sons, Samson 2 , John 2 . 

Samson 2 , had wife, Temperance. A "dhfcjience" between him and 
Abraham Bennick was settled in 1711. 



36 Genealogical Items relating to Lover, N. H. [Jan., 

Dolack, Christen; taxed at Cocheclio 1663, 1664. 

Donn, Hugh ; had a grant for a house lot below Lamprey River, lower 
falls, in 1664 ; also a grant at " Sandey Bank," up the river. 

Dow, John; had a grant 1694. 

DoWTY, Thomas ; was received an inhabitant 10, 11 mo., 1658; was 
taxed at O. R. 1661—1665; " Dowty's house and land" was taxed 1667. 
He or his son is said to have moved to Berwick. Was " Doughty's Falls " 
named for him ? 

Downs, Thomas ; of Boston 1652 ; had land in Dover in 1656 ; was 
taxed at Cochecho 1657 to 1672. 

Thomas, (probably son of preceding,) had wife Martha, child Gershom, 
b. 10 Jan. 1680. Thomas afterwards mar. (before 1701) Abigail, widow 
of John Hall, "late of/ Dover, deceased," and was killed in 1711. 

Mary, killed at Dover 26 July, 1696. 

Gershom, son of Thomas above, b. 10 Jan., 1680, m. 24 Dec, 1707, 
Sarah, dau. of John and Abigail Hall, (dau. of his father's second wife ;) 
children, Gershom, b. 15 Feb., 1708 ; Martha, b. 14 Oct., 1711 ; Thomas, 
b. 17 Feb., 1713-14; Rebekah; John; all of whom were baptized 29 
Nov. 1719. 

Thomas ; had wife Sarah; children, Mary, b. 22 Feb. 1710-11 ; Sarah, 
b. 25 Nov. 1712; Elizabeth, b. 25 July, 1714; Anna, b. 3 Feb., 1716; 
Marcy, b. 25 July, 1719 ; Patience, b. 3 April, 1721 ; Abigail, b. 10 July, 
1724. 

William; m. 3 May, 1721, Mary Pittman ; children, Samuel, b. 16 
Dec. 1721 ; William, b. 18 Jan., 1723. 

Ebenezer ; a Quaker, was captured by the Indians in 1724. 

Drew, William 1 , b. in 1 627, had wife Elizabeth, who was b. in 1632 ; 
he was taxed in Dover in 1648 ; lived at O. R. ; was taxed there 1662, &c. 
He died in 1669 intestate ; his widow, Elizabeth, was appointed Adminis- 
tratrix. She mar. William Follet 20 July, 1671. " On the 8 July, 1 671, 
she conveys certain land to Thomas Drew, as equivalent to the £70 due 
him from estate of William Drew, of O. R., her husband." The chil. of 
William 1 Drew were, Francis 2 , b. 1648; John 2 , b. 1651; and perhaps 
James, whose inventory was entered 25 July, 1675. 

Francis 2 , son of William 1 , born in 1648, was taxed at O. R. to 1677. 
He had a garrison house at O. R. which was destroyed in 1694, and him- 
self and a son nine years old killed. His brother John was appointed 
administrator 6 Nov. 1694. 

John 2 , son of William 1 , lived at O. R. The account of the defence of 
his house by women is related by Belknap. 

John 3 , had wife Elizabeth; children, John, b. 17 Oct., 1707 ; Eliza- 
beth, b. 2 Oct., 1709 ; Francis, b. 24 Jan., 1711-12. 

Thomas, b. 1632; killed about 1694; had wife Mary. His inventory 
entered 26 Aug., 1694. 

Tiio3ias had wife ; children, James, b. 7 mo. 1683 ; Thomas ; William, 
b. 9 mo., 1692; Clement, b. 1 mo., 1693, (mar. 20 May, 1718, Mary 
Banks;) Lydia, b. 10 mo., 1697; Hannah, b. 2 mo., 1699; Meshech, b. 
11 mo., 1702 •> Tamesin, b. 6 mo., 1704; Patience, b. 11 mo., 1707. 

A daughter, of Thomas Drew, " aged near thirteen," was captured at O. 
R. 22 May, 1707. 

Thomas, and his wife, "newly married," were captured in 1694. He 
returned after two years, she after four, and had fourteen children after 
her return. They lived together until he was ninety-three and she eighty- 
nine ; they died within two days of each other and were buried in one 
grave. Belknap, p. 141. (Traditionary?) 



1852.] Genealogical Items relating to Dover, N. H. 37 

John 3 , mar. Rebekah Cook (or JRook ;) children, Hannah, b. 26 
Feb. 1709; John, b. 18 Oct. 1712 ; Abigail, b. 21 June, 1714; Rebekah, 
b. 24 April, 1716; Francis, b. 9 Aug., 1720 ; Zebulon, b. 9 Nov. 1721 ; 
Samuel, b. 26 May, 1722. 

Francis, mar. 3 June, 1713, Ann Winget. He died 10 May, 1717, 
leaving one child, Joseph, b. 8 April, 1717. 

Dug, Joseph ; killed by the Indians 28 June, 1689. 

Duncan, Joseph ; killed 28 June, 1689. 

Durgin, William; taxed at O. R. 1664 to 1677. 

Edgerlie, Thomas, was received an inhabitant 19, 1 mo., 1665-6; 
mar. Rebecca Hallowell in 1665 ; admitted freeman at Dover, 15 May, 
1672. Lived at O. R. Was Representative in the Convention of 1689. 
Edgerlie's Garrison-House, at 0. R., was destroyed in 1694; he escaped. 
Descendants in Strafford Co. 

Edlin. "David Leudecoes Edlin " was admitted an inhabitant 
6, 4 mo., 1659. Another record speaks of" David Leudecus," and further 
records drop the Edlin. See Ludecus. 

Elise, John; taxed at Cochecho 1672, 1675. 

Emerson, Samuel; wife Judith ; children, Hannah, b. 6 Jan. 1699; 
Micah, b. 4 Jan., 1701 ; Abigail, b. 27 Sept. 1704. 

Samuel; wife Dorothy ; children, Sarah, b. 25 Aug., 1749, died 10 
Feb., 1753 ; Hannah, b. 28 June, 1753 ; Mary, b. 14 Jan., 1756 ; Micah, 
b. ]May 11, 1758 ; Abigail, b. 3 Oct. 1760 ; Deborah, b. 18 Nov. 1762 ; Sam- 
uel,^ 17 Dec, 1767 ; William, b. 13 Sept., 1768 ; Joseph, b, 4 Oct., 1772. 

Emery, Antony, " carpenter, came from Ramsey, England, in June, 
1635, in the ship James to Newbury, thence to Dover as early as 1644, 
thence to Kittery." — Coffin's Hist, of Newbury. He occupied land at 
Dover, which he purchased of Stephen Goddard, in 1643 ; in 1646 had a 
grant of land adjoining his land at Bellamy ; in 1648 he assigned to Thom- 
as Layton land north of Joseph Austin's and South of the Common. He 
removed to Kittery in 1648. 

Engersell, Elisha, had wife Mary; child, Mary, b. 29 Nov., 1702. 

Erwin, Edward, was received an inhabitant 10, 11 mo., 1658. "Ed- 
ward Erwin and Company " taxed 1662 at O. R. 

Estes, Joseph, married 5 mo., 1719, Mary Robinson. He died 15, 5 
mo., 1790; she died 26, 7 mo., 1777. They were "Friends." Children, 
Samuel, b. 16, 6 mo., 1720, died 28, 8 mo., 1720 ; Elijah, b. 7, 7 mo., 1721 ; 
Susannah, b. 19, 2 mo., 1724, mar. Jacob Sawyer, q. v.; Richard, b. 16, 
3 mo., 1727, died 5, 12 mo., 1728 ; Sarah, b. 28 6 mo., 1729, died 5, 6 mo., 
1736 ; Robert, b. 2, 5 mo., 1732, died 20, 6 mo., 1736 ; Mary, b. 8, 6 mo., 
1737, married Moses Varney. 

Evans, Robert 1 , was received an inhabitant 19, 1 mo., 1665-6 ; took 
the oath of fidelity 21 June, 1669 ; was taxed and lived at Cochecho. He 
was killed 28 June, 1689 ; his inventory was returned 4 Nov., 1697, by 
his son Edward. Of his children, were Robert 2 , b. 1665 ; Edward 2 ; and 
probably John, who was taxed 1675, 1677. 

Robert 2 , son of Robert 1 , had wife Ann ; he died in 1753. Children, 
Joseph 3 , b. 4 June, 1682; Sarah 3 , b. 9 Nov., 1685 ; Benjamin 3 , b. 2 Feb., 
1687 ; Hannah 3 , b. 21 June, 1690 ; Patience 3 , b. 5 Sept. 1693. 

Edward 2 , son of Robert 1 , had wife Dorcas ; children, Eleanor 3 , b. 3 
March, 1700 ; Rachel 3 , b. 6 April, 1703 ; Joseph, b. 29 Oct., 1704. 

Joseph 3 , son of Robert 2 , had wife Marcy; children, Robert 4 , b. 11 Jan., 
1704; John 4 , b. 3 Feb. 1705; Joseph 4 , b. 28 March, 1708 ; William 4 , b. 
9 Feb., 1711 ; Daniel 4 , b. 28 June, 1715 ; Marcy 4 , b. 6 Dec, 1717 ; Mary, 
b. 6 March, 1720. 

Benjamin 8 , son of Robert 2 , had wife Mary; children, Benjamin 4 , b. 18 



38 Genealogical Items relating to Dover , N. H. [Jan., 

June, 1713; Elizabeth* b. 19 Jan., 1716; Joseph 4 , b. 7 March, 1719 ; 
Jonathan 4 , b._17 June, 1722; Stephen 4 , b. 13 Nov., 1724; Benjamin 3 was 
killed 15 Sept., 1725, as also William; at the same time Benjamin 4 was 
carried off, and John was wounded and scalped, but recovered and lived 
fifty years. 

Everett, William, had land in 1650, formerly belonging to Isaac 
Nash ; also land north side of the " Great Pond," near James Kid's. He 
was admitted freeman at Kittery, 16 Nov., 1652. No further mention of 
him at Dover. In 1716 land was laid out to ki Thomas Downes, successor 
to William Everett, deceased." 

Farnum, Joseph, mar. 31 Aug., 1720, Elizabeth Hussey. 

Ffursen, Thomas, was taxed in 1648. 

Field, Dauby 1 , was a signer of the " combination " at Exeter, in 1 639 ; 
visited the White Mountains in 1642, where he saw more marvellous things 
than any body has ever seen since; (see Belknap, p. 31,) was in Dover 
in 1645, where he sold his house and land at O. R. to John Bickford, the 
witnesses being William Hilton, William Bellew, William Waldron and 
William Roberts ; he was taxed at Dover in 1648 ; died in 1649 ; his 
widow was taxed in 1650 ; in lu51 Ambrose Gibbons administered on his 
estate. He had children (according to report,) 

Joseph' 2 , (who was taxed at O. R. 1659 to 1677, and was dead before 
1694 ;) Zackary 2 , b. 1645, (taxed at O. R. 1664 to 1668.) 'He was born 
in 1648; he gave to his son Zachary land, dwellings. &c. 3 lying east of the 
road from Bellamy to O. R., and west of John Drew's land, 2 May, 1708." 

Sarah, taxed at O. R. 1669 to 1671. 

Zacharias, (probably son of Zacharias 2 ,) had a Garrison House at O. 
R. in 1707; was Lieutenant. Children, Daniel, b. 17 Feb., 1709, (who, 
with his wife Sarah deeded land to Samuel Hayes in 1737, his father being 
lately deceased:) Zacharias, b. 9 Aug., 1712. 

The name is in existence yet. " Field's Plains " is a locality in Dover, 

Fitts, Nathaniel, mar. Abigail Hayes. 

Fletcher, Mr., had a grant of land 6, 1 mo., 1661. A Mr. Fletcher 
was minister at O. R. in 1656, remaining but one year, and leaving on 
account of town troubles, "being minded to return to Old England." He 
appears to have done so, but to have returned to America a few years after. 

Follett, William, Avas of Dover in 1653 ; owned part of the mill at 
" Belleme Bank," where he resided. Bellamy River is situated between 
Cochecho and Oyster rivers, and he was sometimes taxed as of one place, 
and sometimes as of the other. He mar. 20 July, 1 672, Mrs. Elizabeth Drew, 
widow of William 1 Drew ; she was probably his second wife. He had a 
son Nicholas. 

Philip, was taxed at O. R. in 1671. 

"Abraham Folet's man " was taxed at Cochecho in 1663. 

Nicholas, " a mariner," mar. Hannah ; son, Nicholas, b. 5 Nov., 

1677. Nicholas, the "mariner," was a Representative to the Convention 
of 1689; was a'ive in 1694. '*On the 1 July, 1710, he conveys land to 
his 'cozen Nicholas Meader,' calling himself heir of William Follet, 
late of Dover ; at the same time he speaks of his ' cozen John Follet, of 
Barbadoes.' " 

Footman, Thomas 1 , was taxed in 1648. and at O. R. 1661 to 1668. — 
Bought land of Rice Howell, which he sold in 1654 to Thomas Willev. — 
Had a grant of land in 1664, which was " laid out" to his son John in 1705. 
He was dead in 1668-9. His will was dated 14 Aug., 1667. Wife Cat- 
tern. Estate divided equally between his children. " My brother, Benjamin 
Matthews " and William Follet, were executors. 

John 2 , was living in 1715. 



1852.] Rev. Samuel Man, on Matrimony. 39 

Foss, John. This name is variously spelt Foss, Fost, Foste, on the 
Records. In the early records it is Fost. The family tradition is that it 
•was properly spelt Faust, and that the ancestor, or ancestors, came from 
Germany, and settled in Rye, N. H. John, was received an inhabitant 
at Dover, 19, 1 mo., 1G65-G; took the oath 21 June, 1GG9; juryman, 
16G7-9, 1671, 1688; was taxed at Cochecho 1GG5 to 1GG7. He had a 
son John. 

John and Mary were of Sandy Beach, 1 GG8 ; of " Shrewsbury Patent " 
(near Exeter) 1671. They bought of John Warren 29 Sept., 1668, land 
near Exeter, which they sold to Richard Morgan, April, 1671. 

John, had wile .Mary ; child, William, b. 1 1 March, 1673. 

John, mar. by John Wincoll in York Co., to Sarah Goffe, 25 Jan. 1G8G. 

John, had wife Elizabeth. He was dead in 1G99. This wife was Ad- 
ministratrix. Children, Humphrey, (of whom James Warren, son-in-law 
to John, the father, was guardian ; William; Mary; Jemima; Elizabeth; 
Samuel, (then under age.) 

William, married .Alary . children, Mary, b. 24 June, 1728; 

Chadbourne, b. 26 March, 1731. William had land which was granted 
to his father, John, laid out in 1717. 

William, married Sarah, widow of Nathaniel Heard, (who was son to 
John 1 Heard;) child, Lyclia, b. 7 Jan. 1705. 

[ To be continued.'] 



REV. SAMUEL MAN, FIRST MINISTER OF WRENTHAM, MASS. 

HIS ADVICE TO HIS CHILDREN, WHO WERE SOON TO ENTER THE MARRIED STATE. 

WRITTEN IN 1704. 

Dear Children : — You are now about entering the married state, 
into a condition that brings along with it new cares, new comforts and 
pleasures — new trials and temptations — the two last of these you ought, 
by the help of God, to be well prepared for and armed against. I trust 
you have had many thoughts concerning your duty one to the other, and 
that you know both of you what these duties are ; how that the husband 
should love, provide for and be tender-hearted to the wife ; and on the 
other side, the wife should reverence the husband, and obey him, and en- 
deavor to be an helpmeet for him, both for soul and body, according to the 
best of her ability. But not to insist on these things now, I shall proceed, 
and from the word of God, and by the help of God, will spend a little 
more time, that I may assist each of you in the right, good and acceptable 
performance of these duties. 

And first. Get a more thorough knowledge of the word of God, for 
this is a perfect guide to man, in all his relations ; 'tis a guide to magis- 
trates and subjects, to ministers and people, to parents and children, masters 
and servants, and with all it contains many acceptable hints and directions 
to husbands and wives, concerning what their behavior should be to one 
another. As concerns the duty of the wife, see Col. 3 — 18 and 19: — 
"Wives submit yourselves to your own husbands as is fit in the Lord." — 
Also, the first epistle of Peter, 3d chapter, 1st verse — " Likewise ye wives 
be in subjection to your own husbands, that if any obey not the word, they 
also, without the word, may be w r on by the conversation of the wives." 

There is also to be found in the word of God many examples of hus- 
bands and w T ives who behaved well towards each other, and how the bless- 
ing of God was bestowed on this account, as in the instance of Abraham 



40 Rev. Samuel Man, on Matrimony, [Jan., 

and Sarah, Elkanah and Hannah. There are examples of husbands who 
behaved ill towards their wives, for instance, read the account of Nabal — 
and for bad wives, take Michal the daughter of Saul for an example. Now 
these records are preserved for our warning, that we may see how God 
did punish them even in this world, for their bad behaviour in the married 

state. 

2d. Turn all knowledge into prayer. Let God be sought unto for wis- 
dom and grace to enable you to act aright in this connection ; you have 
abundant encouragement from the word of God for this, if you rely on the 
promises made to such as look to God for the bestowment of these bless- 
ings — S ee Proverbs 1 : o — James 1st : 5. " If any of you lack wisdom, let 
him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally and upbraideth not." It 
was well pleasing to God to hear Solomon pray for a wise and understand- 
ing heart, when he was called to govern the great nation of Israel ; his 
earnest entreaty for wisdom God thought proper to hear and caused him to 
be the wisest man that should ever dwell upon the earth ; and he gave him 
also, riches and honours, and every earthly good that he asked not, as a 
token of approbation of his prayer. And we may believe that God is as 
well pleased to hear husbands and wives ask for wisdom that they may 
live well together, as to hear Solomon in the midst of his glory, and on 
your part you must believe that wisdom is as necessary to sustain the mar- 
riage connection as it is for Kings upon the throne. 

You will find, amidst all the comforts of the married state, that there is 
temptation to be resisted, care and trouble to be endured — and these day 
by day — but let it not be so much of your concernment to know aforetime 
what you may be required to do or suffer, as to act wisely under the 
trials and difficulties of the day, to note the hand of God in them, and to 
acknowledge the goodness of God, that herein he is careful to admonish 
you not to set your affection on the pleasures of this present world, and 
teaching you to be more intent upon the joys of the world to come. Pray 
always for a contrite and an understanding heart, and like Solomon, ask 
for wisdoin, for her price is above rubies, length of days is in her right 
hand, and in her left, riches and honour. 

3d. Daily Prayer to God. — This is unquestionably a duty that God's 
children are expected to perform morning and evening, and this practice 
will prove a good help to the right performance of all other duties connect- 
ed with the matrimonial connection ; as it seldom happens that praying 
husbands and praying wives do not live in some little measure, as they 
ought to do, while such as are neglective on this account, are very apt to 
carry it ill to one another ; therefore, let me entreat you not to engage in the 
cares of the day, without first praying in the morning for the guidance and 
protection of God, that he would make you ready and willing for every 
service, he intends to call you into during the day ; whether to give good 
counsel to such as may ask it, or attendance upon the sick at a neighbor's 
house, or a call for the right of hospitality at home ; whatever the services 
may be, you must be sure to pray, that the performance of them may be 
acceptable to God, and a consolation to your own souls ; and when the cares 
and labors of the day are over, do not forget to call your family together 
to seek the care and protection of your heavenly father through the night, 
and be assured, if it is the main desire of your hearts to serve God by the 
keeping of his commandments daily, that, if need be, he will send a band 
of angels to defend you while sleeping, which will prove a more effectual 
guard in time of danger and alarm, than battalions of soldiers without 
them. 

4th. Observe the natural dispositions of each other, and conform to one 



1852.] First Settlers of Uastham, Mass. 41 

another, so far as you can with safety to the soul and body. You may 
consider also, of what you have, or may take notice of, as comely or un- 
comely in others, who live in the relation of husband and wife, and accord- 
ingly do or not do whatever appears to be pleasing or displeasing in the light 
of a good understanding ; this will be making a good use of your obser- 
vation, and turn to a much better account, than the speaking of their faults 
to others. 

5th. Wisely conceal whatever is a matter of real infirmity in each other, 
as an unnecessary disclosure will have a tendency to destroy confidence ; 
will beget discord and strife, whereas a prudent concealing the matter will 
tend to strengthen and encourage the confidence which each one should 
desire to place in the other ; this will serve to maintain love and good will 
one to the other ; and here I would bring to mind the Proverb of Solomon, 
" He that covereth transgression seeketh love," so if in this way is sought, 
so will be found much of the comfort and happiness pertaining to the mar- 
ried state. The husband who truly loves and serves God with fidelity, 
will endeavor to do his whole duty to his wife, so likewise, the wife, by 
the help of God, will endeavor to do her whole duty to her husband. To 
conclude the whole matter, my Dear Children, you must make it your 
main business to please God and one another ; — may you live long and 
happy in the bonds you have chosen ; — fear God always ; — may God bless 
you in the more especial manner by the making of thee a great blessing 
to the world in this thy day and generation — follow the paths of the just ; 
— and may God grant, for Christ's sake, that you may be found among the 
spirits of the just made perfect, to ascribe glory and honour to Him who 
sitteth upon the throne, and to the Lamb forever and ever. 

From your affectionate father, SAMUEL MAN. 



THE FIRST SETTLERS OF EASTHAM, MASS. 

By David Hamblin, Member of the N. E. Historic-Genealogical Society. 

In the year 1644 The Court doth grant unto the church of New Ply- 
mouth or those that goe to dwell at Nausett (Eastham) all that tractt of 
land lying between sea & sea from the purchasers bounds at Namseakett 
to the hearing brooke att Billingsgate with the saide hearing brooke & all 
the Medows on both side the saide brooke with the greatt basse pond these 
& all the Medows & Islands lying within the saide tractt. 

Inhabitants May 22, 1655. 

Henry Atkins, Richard Higgins, Mark Snow, 

Stephen Atwood, Giles Hopkins, Nicholas Snow, 

Edward Bangs, Renhard Knowles, Jonathan Sparrow, 

Richard Booshop, John Mayo, Renhard Sparrow, 

Josiah Cook, Nathaniel Mayo, Ralph Smith, 

Job Cole, William Merrick, John Smalley, 

Daniel Cole, Gov. Thomas Prence, William Twining, 

George Crisp, Thomas Paine, Thomas Williams, 

John Doane, Joseph Rogers, Robert Wexame, 

John Freeman, Thomas Roberts, John Young. 

Inhabitants Admitted before 1675. 

John Bangs, Jonathan Bangs, Sen., Joshua Bangs, 



42 



First Settlers of Uastkam, Mass, 



[Jan., 



Israel Cole, 
John Doane, Jr., 
Daniel Doane, Sen., 
John Freeman, Jr., 
Thomas i; 
Samuel " Sen., 

" " Jr., 

Edmond " 
Thomas Higgins, 



Thomas Rogers, 
John " 

Stephen Snow, 



Jonathan Higgins, Jr., 

Benjamin " 

Joseph Harding, 

Stephen Hopkins, Sen., Nicholas " 

Joshua " Samuel Smith, 

William Merrick, Jr., 

Samuel Mayo, Sen., 

Thomas Paine, Jr., 

John Paine, 



Thomas 

John Sparrow, 

William Walker. 



Jonathan Higgins, Sen., Isaac Pepper, 

Inhabitants in 1695. 



Atkins Henry, 



" Nathaniel, 
" Joseph, 
Atwood Stephen, Sen., 
" " Jr., 

" Eldad, 
" Daniel, 
Bangs John, 
" Jonathan, 
" Joshua, 
Brown George, 
" Samuel, 
" William, 
" Samuel, 
Bills Thomas, 
Cole Daniel, Sen., 
" Jr., 
John, 
Israel, 
Samuel, 
Timothy, 
John, Jr., 
Thomas, 
Collins, Joseph, 
Cook Joseph, 

" Jonah, Jr., 
Crosby Thomas, 
Doane John, 

" Jr., 
Daniel, 
Ephraim, 
Joseph, 
xsaac, 
Israel, 
Freeman Stephen, 
" John, Jr., 

" Thomas, 



Freeman Samuel, Jr., 
" Edmond, 

" William, 

" Constant, 

" Nathaniel, 

Harding Joseph, 
" Ameziah, 

" Josiah, 

Higgins Jonathan, 
" Benjamin, 

" John, 

" Jonathan, Jr., 

" Ichabod, 

" Joseph, 

Hopkins Stephen, 
•• Joshua, 

" Joshua, 

Knowles Samuel, 

Linnell Jonathan, 

Mayo Daniel, 
" John, 



Nathaniel, 
Thomas, 
Samuel, Sen., 



James, 
Merrick Ensign, 



" Thomas, 

Mulford Thomas, 



Jr., 



" John, 

Paine Thomas, 



Samuel, 
Elisha, 
John, 
Nicholas, 



Jr., 



Paine Joseph, 
Rich Joseph, 
Remick Abraham, 
Rogers James, 
Smith Ralph, 



Samuel, 

" Jr., 
Thomas, 
Jeremiah, 
Sparrow Jonathan, 



u 
a 

u 



" John, 

" Richard, 

Snow Mark, 

Stephen, 

John, 

Joseph, 

Jabez, 

Nicholas, 

Joseph, Jr., 

Benjamin, 

Micaiah, 
Sanderland, 
Treat, 
Twining William, 

Waxam Robert, 
Tiles, 

" Barnabas, 
Walker Jabez, 

" William, Sen., 
" Jr., 

Williams Thomas, 
Young John, 

" Joseph, 

" Nathaniel, 

" Robert. 



Families of the First Settlers. 

Henry Atkins, m. Elizabeth; she d. March 14, 1661-2. Children, 
Samuel, b. Feb. 28, 1651 ; Isaac, b. June 15, 1654; Isaac, b. June 14, 
1657; m. 2d w. Bethiah Linnell, March 25, 1664; Desire, b. May 7, 



1852.] First Settlers of Uastham, Mass. 43 

1665 ; John, b. Dec. 15, 1G66, d. young; Joseph, b. March 4, 1669 ; Na- 
thaniel, b. Dec. 25, 1667; Thomas, b. June ID, 1671 ; John, b. Aug. 6, 
1674; Marcy, b. Nov. 24, 1676; Samuel, b. June 2o, 1679. 

Joseph Atkins, m. Martha; chn. Joseph, b. Dec. 9, 1701; Martha, 
b. Nov. 9, 171 1 ; Anna, b. Dec. 12, 1713 ; Paul, b. Aug. 11, 1716 ; James, 
b. Dec. 25, 1718; John, b. Jan. 18, 1720-21; Uriah, b. Sept. 7, 1722; 
Hannah, b. April 4, 1726. 

Nathaniel Atkins, m. Winnie ; chn. Nathaniel, b. Nov. 21, 1694 ; 
Henry, b. Aug. 2,1696; Bethiah, b. May 4, 1698 ; Joshua, b. April — , 
1702; Isaiah, b. Feb. 24, 1703-4; Elizabeth, b. Jan. 4, 1708-9. 

Stephen Atwood, he d. Feb. — , 1693-4, m. — ; chn. Medad, b. 
Jan. 16, 1658-9. 

Medad Atwood, m. Esther; chn. Mercy, b. June 26, 1686; Abi- 
gail, b. June 15, 1689 ; David, b. Oct. 20, 1691 ; Samuel, b. March 20, 
1695 ; Esther, b. March 15, 1699; Phebe, b. June 9, 1702 ; Nathan, b. 
June 27, 1705. 

Eldad Atwood, m. Anna Snow, Feb. 14, 1683 ; chn. Marie, b. Nov. 
— , 1684; John, b. Aug. 10, 1686 ; Anna, b. Jan. — , 1687-8 ; Deborah, 
b. March—, 1690; Sarah, b. April—, 1692; Eldad, b. July 9, 1695; 
Ebenezer, b. March — , 1697-8 ; Benjamin, b. June — , 1701. 

Thomas Bills, m. Anna Twinings, Oct. 3, 1672, she d. Sept. 1, 1675 ; 
chn. Anna, b. June 28, 1673, Elisabeth, b. Aug. 23, 1675 ; 2d w. Joanna 
Twining, May 2, 1676 ; Nathaniel, b. June 25, 1677 ; Mercy, b. April 14, 
1679 ; Mehitable, b. March 26, 1681 ; Thomas, b. March 22, 1684; Gur- 
shom, b. June 5, 1686; Joanna, b. Dec. 2, 1688. 

Samuel Brown, d. Dec 3, 1691, aged 31, m. Martha Harding, Feb. 
19, 1682 ; chn. Bethiah, b. Jan. 22, 1683, d. June 27, 1685; Bethia, b. 
Sept 9, 1685 ; Martha, b. June 24, 1688, d. Nov. 4, 1691 ; Samuel, b. 
Nov. 7, 1690. 

James Brown, m. Deborah ; chn. Martha, b. March — , 1694 ; James, 
b. June 14, 1696; Deborah, b. April—, 1699 ; Ziddiah, b. May — , 1701 ; 
Thomas, b. March 4, 1702-3. 

William Brown, m. Susannah Harding, Oct. 27, 1C99 ; chn. Susan- 
nah, b. Oct. 30, 1700 ; Ziddiah, b. April 30, 1702. 

John Brown, m.; chn. Sarah, b. Nov. — , 1690 ; John, b. July 7, 1692; 
Hannah, b. May 1, 1694; Zebulon ; b. March 17, 1696; David, b. May 
1, 1699 ; Mary, b. May — , 1704. 

Jonathan Bangs, m. Mary Mayo, July 16, 1664; chn. Edward, 
b. Sept. 30, 1665; Rebeckah, b. Feb. 1, 1667; Jonathan, b. April 30, 
1670, d. May 11, 1670; Mary, b. April 14, 1671 ; Jonathan, b. May 4, 
1673 ; Hannah, b. March 14, 1676 ; Thomson, b. May — , 1678 ; Samuel, 
b. July 12, 1680; Merrie, b. Jan. 7, 1682 ; Elisabeth, b. May 15, 1685; 
Sarah, b. Aug. — , 1689, probably 1687 ; Lydia, b. Oct. 2, 1689. 

Joshua Bangs, m. Hannah Scudder, Dec. 1, 1669 ; left Joshua Bangs, 
d. Jan. 14, 1709-10. 

John Bangs, m. Hannah Smalley, Jan. 23, 1660. 

Josiah Cooke, Sen., he d. Oct. 17, 1673. 

Josiah Cooke, he d. Jan. 31, 1731-2, m. Deborah Hopkins, July 27, 
1668; chn. Elisabeth, b. Oct. 12, 1669, d. April, 1670: Josiah, b. Nov. 
12, 1670; Richard, b. Sept. 1, 1672 ; Elisabeth, b. June—, 1674 ; Caleb, 
b. Nov. 15, 1676; Deborah, b. Feb. 15, 1678; Joshua, b. Feb, 4, 1682; 
Benjamin, b. Feb. 28, 1686. 

Josiah Cooke, m. Mary ; chn. Desire, b. June 14, 1094; Deborah, 
b. April 12, 1696 ; John, b. April 9, 1698 ; Mary, b. Feb. 8, 1699-1700. 

Daniel Cole, m. Ruthy ; chn. John, b. July 15, 1644; Timothy, b. 



44 First Settlers of Uastharn, Mass. [Jan., 

Sept. 15, 1646 ; Hepzeibah, b. April 15, 1649 : Reuth, b. April 15, 1651 ; 
Israel, b. June 8, 1653 ; James, b. Nov. 30, 1655 ; Mary, b. March 10, 
1658 ; William, b. Sept. 15, 1663. Daniel Cole, d. Dec. 21, 1694, aged 
80 ; wife Ruth d. Dec. 15, 1694, aged 67. 

Job Cole, m. Rebecca; she d. Dec. 29, 1698, aged 88. 

John Cole, m. Ruth Snow, Dec. 12, 1666; he d. Jan. 6, 1724-5; 
wife d. Jan. 27, 1716-17 ; chn. Ruth, b. March 11, 1667-8 ; John, b. March 
6, 1669-70 ; Hephzibah, b. June — , 1672 ; Hannah, b. March 27, 1675 ; 
Joseph, b. June 11, 1677 ; Mary, b. Oct. 22,1679 ; Sarah, b. June 10,1682. 

Israel Cole, m. Mary Rogers, April 24, 1679 ; chn. Hannah, b. 
June 28, 1681 ; Israel, b. June 28, 1685. 

William Cole, m. Hannah Snow, Dec. 2, 1686, she d. June 23, 1737 ; 
chn. Elisha, b. Jan.' 26, 1688-9 ; David, b. Oct. 4, 1691 ; Hannah, b. Dec. 
15, 1693 ; Jane, b. Jan. 4, 1695-6. 

John Cole, m. Mary ; he d. Dec. 13, 1746; wife d. Feb. 17, 1731-2 ; 
chn. Jonathan, b. Oct. 4, 1694; John, b. Oct. 14, 1696; Mary, b. Aug. 
25, 1698 ; James, b. Oct. 23, 1700 ; Nathan, b. Jan. 21, 1702-3 ; Joshua, 
b. March 20, 1704-5 ; Moses, b. July 22, 1707 ; Phebe, b. Oct. 29, 1709- 
10; Thankful, b. Oct. 20, 1712; Joseph, b. Oct. 13, 1714; Thankful, b. 
Oct. 19, 1716. 

George Crispe, m. Hephzibah Cole, May 24, 1677 ; chn. Mary, b. 
Dec. 9, 1678 ; Mercie, b. O^t. 15, 1681 ; m. George Crispe, d. July 28, 1682. 

Nathaniel Covel, m. Judeth Nickerson, of Monomoy, March 1, 
1696-7. 

Joseph Collins, m. Duty Knowles, March 20, 1671-2; chn. Saraie, 
b. Jan. 2, 1672; John, b. Dec. 18, 1674; Leedia, b. July — , 1676; Jo- 
seph, b. June — , 1678; Hannah, b. Feb. — , 1680; Jonathan, b. Aug. 
20, 1682 ; Jane, b. March 3, 1683-4 ; Benjamin, b. Feb. 6, 1687 ; James, 
b. March 10, 1689, d. March 31, 1689. 

Thomas Crosbie, or Crosby; chn. Thomas, b. April 7, 1663; Si- 
mon, b. July 5, 1665 ; Sarah, b. March 24, 1667 ; Joseph, b. Jan. 27, 1668, 
John, b. Dec. 4, 1670, John, b. Dec. 4, 1670, d. Feb. 11, 1670-1, twins; 
William, b. March ■ — ,1673 ; Ebenezer,b. March 28, 1675 ; Anne, Mercy, 
and Increase, b. April 14 & 15, 1678, at a birth; Eliezer, b. March 30, 
1680. 

Simon Crosby, m. Mary Nickerson, Aug. 27, 1691 ; chn. Samuel, b. 
July 11, 1692 : Elizabeth, b. Sept. 15, 1693. 

Joseph Crosby, m.; chn. Theophilus, b. Dec. 31, 1693-4. 

John Doane, m. Hannah Bangs, April 30, 1662 ; chn. John, b. March 
20, 1662-3, d. May 15, 1663 ; John, b. May 29, 1664 ; Ann, b. July 25, 
1666; Rebecka, b. May 12, 1668; Isaac, b. June 2, 1670; Samuel, b. 
March 2, 1673. 

John Doane, m. Rebecca Pette, Jan. 14, 1684; he d. March 15, 
1707-8. 

Joseph Doane, m. Mary Godfrey, Jan. 8, 1690, she d. July 22, 1725 ; 
ehn. Mary, b. Nov. 15, 1691 ; Joseph, b. Nov. 15, 1693 ; Rebecca, b. Sept. 
4, 1698; Hannah, b. Nov. 17. 1700; Daniel, b. Jan. 8, 1702-3; Phebe, 
b. Oct. 29, 1704 ; Elisha, b. Feb. 3, 1705-6 ; Joshua, b. Dec. 4, 1709 ; 
Ledya, b. Feb. 9, 1714-15 ; Elisabeth, b. May 20, 1717; Sarah, b. Sept. 
11, 1719. M. 2d wife Desire Berry, Feb. 29, 1727-8; dr. Desire, b. 
Dec. 9, 1728. 

John Doane, Jr., m. Mehetable Scudder, June 30, 1686 ; ehn. John, 
b. no date. 

John Doane & Hannah ; chn. Solomon, b. May 12, 1698 ; 

Ephraim Doane, m. Mary Knowles, Feb. 5, 1667 ; chn. Patience, b» 



1852.] First Settlers of Uastham, Mass. 45 

Jan. 28, 16G8, d. 1675 ; Appliah, b, July 18, 1670 ; Ezekiah, b. Aug. — , 
1672 ; Thomas, b. Sept. 4, 1674 ; Ebenezer, b. April — , 1676 ; Nehemi- 
ah, b. Aug. — , 1680, d. Feb. 1684; Patience, b. April — , 1682; Reu- 
hama, b. April 30, 1685. 

Hezekiah Doane, m. Hannah; chn. Nehemiah, b. Dec. 17, 1692; 
Mary, b. Aug. 31, 1694 ; Ephraim, b. April 1, 1696. 

Samuel Doane, m. Martha Hamblen, of Barnstable, Dec. 30, 1696; 
he d. Aug. 19, 1756; chn. Samuel, b. Oct. 30, 1697 ; Sarah, b. May 15, 

1699 ; Dinah, b. Dec. 30, 1700; Dorcas, b. June 15, 1703 ; Solomon, b. 
Nov. 8, 1705 ; Simeon, b. Dec. 1, 1708. 

Bennaiah Dunham, m. Elisabeth Tilson, Oct. 25, 1660 ; chn. Edman, 
b. July 25, 1661 ; John, b. Aug. 22, 1663, d. Sept. 6, 1663; Elisabeth, 
b. Nov. 20, 1664, d. Dec. 31, 1667 ; Hannah, b. June 4, 1666, d. Dec. 25, 
1667; Beniamin, b. Oct. 28, 1667. 

John Freeman, m. Sarah Merrick, Dec. 18, 1672 ; chn. John, b. Sept. 
3, 1674 ; Sarah, b. Sept. — , 1676 ; John, b. July — , 1678 ; Rebecca, b. 
Jan. 28, 1680; Nathaniel, b. March 17, 1682-3; Benjamin, b. July — , 
1685 ; Marcy, b. Aug. 3, 1687. 

Thomas Freeman, m. Rebecca Sparrow, Dec. 31, 1673; chn. Mercy, 
b. Oct. — , 1674 ; Thomas, b. Oct. 11, 1676 ; Jonathan, b. Nov. 11, 1678 ; 
Edmond, b. Oct. 11, 1680 ; Joseph, b. Feb. 11, 1682 ; Joshua, b. March 
7, 1684-5 ; Hannah, b. Sept. 28, 1687 ; Prence, b. Jan. 3, 1689 ; Hatsall, 
b. March 27, 1691. 

Samuel Freeman, m. Mercy Southern, May 12, 1658 ; chn. Apphia, 
b. Dec. 11, 1657, d. Feb. 19, 1660 ; Samuel, b. March 26, 1662 ; Apphiah, 
b. Jan. 1, 1666 ; Constant, b. Mar. 31, 1669 ; Elisabeth, b. June 26,1671. 

Capt. Samuel Freeman, m. Elisabeth Sparrow, Feb. 5, 1684; he 
d. Jan. 30, 1742-3; chn. Priscila, b. Oct. 27, 1686; Samuel, b. Sept. 1, 
1688. M. 2d wife Bashua ; Elisabeth, b. April 19, 1694; Barnabas, b. 
Jan. 31, 1695-6; Nathaniel, b. May 7, 1698; David, b. Jan. 28, 1699- 

1700 ; Elisha, b. Dec. 9, 1701 ; James, b. Aug. 4, 1704 ; Enoch, b. May 
19, 1706 ; Simeon, b. Feb. 23, 1707-8 ; John, b. Jan. 5, 1709-10 ; Abigail, 
b. July 10, 1713, d. July 16, 1714; Abigail, b. May 5, 1715. 

Nathaniel Freeman, m. Mary, she d. Jan. 29, 1742-3 ; chn. Abi- 
gail, b. Feb. 22, 1692-3 ; Nathaniel, b. Feb. 11, 1693-4; John, b. June 
15, 1696 ; Mary, b. Oct. 3, 1698 ; Eliezer,b. April 23, 1701 ; Liddiah, b. 
Oct. 14, 1703. 

George Godfrie, m.; chn. George, b. Jan. 2, 1662 ; Samuel, b. Jan. 
27, 1664 ; Moses, b. Jan. 27, 1667 ; Hannah, b. April 25, 1 669 ; Mary, 
b. June 2, 1672; Ruth, b. Jan. 1, 1675; Richard, b. June 11, 1677; 
Jonathan, b. June 24, 1682 ; Elisabeth, b. Sept. 10, 1688. 

Edward Gray, m.; chn. Bennonie, b. March — , 1681. 

Richard Higgins, m. Mary Yates, Oct. 1651 ; chn. Mary, b. Sept. 
27, 1652; Eliakim, b. Oct. 20, 1654; Judiah, b. March—, 1656-7; 
Zera, b. June — , 1658; Thomas, b. Jan. — , 1661 ; Lidia, b. July — , 
1664. By 1st wife ; Jonathan, b. New Plymouth, July — , 1637 ; Benja- 
min, b. N. Plymouth, June — , 1640. 

Richard Higgins, m. Sarah ; chn. Joshua, b. Dec. 3, 1695 ; Elezer, 
b. Feb. 9, 1696-7 ; Theophilas, b. May 6, 1698 ; Jediah, b. Feb. 8, 1699- 
1700 ; Zacheus, b. Jan. 11, 1701-2, d. Aug. 22, 1715 ; Esther, b. Feb. 23, 
1703-4; David, b. April 5, 1706 ; Reuben, b. Jan. 6, 1708-9 ; Moses, b. 
March 24, 1710-11 ; Abigail, b. Aug. 8, 1715. 

Ichabod Higgins, m. Melatiah; he d. June 1, 1728; chn. John, b. 
June 8, 1692 ; Nathaniel, b. June 1, 1694; Thankful, b. Aug. 24, 1696; 
Liddia, b. April 13, 1698 ; Ebenezer, b. April 15, 1701. 



46 First Settlers of Uastham, Mass. [Jan., 

Jonathan Higgins, m. Elisabeth Rogers, Jan. 9, 1G60; elm. Beriah, 
b. Sept. 27, 1G61 ; Jonathan, b. Aug. — , 1664 ; Joseph, b. Feb. 14, 1666 ; 
Elisabeth, b. Feb. 11, 1680; Mary, b. Jan. 22, 1682 ; Rebecca, b. Nov. 
30, 1686 ; James, b. July 22, 1688; Sarah, b. Oct. 18, 1690. 

Benjamin Higgins, m. Lidia Bangs, Dec. 24, 1661 ; chn. Ichabod, b. 
Nov. 14, 1662 ; Richard, b. Oct. 15, 1664 ; John, b. Nov. 20, 1666 ; Josh- 
ua, b. Oct. 1, 1668; Lidia, b. May—, 1670; Isaac, b. Aug. 81, 1672; 
Benjamin, b. June 14, 1674 ; Samuel, b. March 7, 1676-7 ; Benjamin, b. 
Sept. 15, 1681. 

Isaac Higgins, m. Liddiah ; chn. Mercy, b. March 20, 1697 ; Sarah, 
b. Aug. 3, 1699; Beniamine, b. April 19, 1701; Elkenah, b. Nov. 10, 
1703; Rebecca, b. Oct. 10, 1705; Isaac, b. July 3, 1708; Hannah, b. 
Sept. 11, 1712 ; Lidia, b. July 3, 1718. 

Joseph Harding, m. Bethia Cook, April 4, 1660 ; chn. Martha, b. 
Dec. 13, 1662 ; Mary, b. Aug. 19, 1665 ; Joseph, b. July 8, 1667 ; Josiah, 
b. Aug. 15, 1669 ; Maziah, b. Nov. 1, 1671 ; John,b. Oct. 9, 1673, d. June 
14, 1697 ; Nathaniel, b. Dec. 25, 1674; Joshua, b. Feb. 15, 1675 ; Abiah, 
b. Jan. 26, 1679 ; Samuel, b. Sept. 1, 1685. 

Mazeiah Harding, m. Hannah; chn. Hannah, b. Feb. 15, 1694; 
Thomas, b. Nov. 13, 1699 ; James, b. Nov. 2, 1702; Mary, b. April 2, 
1706: Elisabeth, b. April — , 1708; Phebe, b. April — , 1710 ; Nathan, 
b. Oct. 29, 1711 ; Cornelias, b. March 31, 1716-17. 

Josiah Harding, m. Hannah; chn. Martha, b. Dec. 23, 1693; Elis- 
abeth, b. Jan. 3, 1695-6; Joshua, b. Oct. 27, 1698 ; Bethia, b. April 9, 
1701 ; Josiah, b. March 7, 1703-4; Mary, b. Sept. 15, 1707; Jesse, b. 
March 26, 1709 ; Ebenezer, b. July 20, 1712 ; Bethia, b. May 12, 1716. 

[To he continued."] 



WILLIAM AND JOHN CROWNE. 

The following notes respecting William and John Crowne, referred to in the Register 
for July, page 307, are communicated by Samuel Jennison, Esq., of Worcester, Mass. 

Col. Crowne was associated with Sir Thomas Temple and claimed 
an interest with him in the territory of Nova Scotia. Being ceded to the 
French by the treaty of Breda, they were obliged to surrender it. It was 
for the alleged loss they sustained, that Crowne and his son sought redress 
from the Government. He appears to have been admitted a freeman in 
Maine, in 1 660 ; and was in Boston at the restoration. When Goffe and 
Whaley arrived there, it is related that " they were visited by the principal 
persons of the town, and among others they take notice of Col. Crowne's 
coming to see them. He was a noted royalist." On returning to England, 
he is represented as rendering important services to the colony of 
Massachusetts. Lord Say and Seale, writing to the Governor in 1661, 
thus expresses himself: — " I must say for Mr. Crowne, he hath appeared, 
both here in the council, and to the Lord Chamberlain and others, as really 
and cordially for you as any could do ; and hath allayed ill opinion of your 
cruelty against the Quakers ; willingly neglected his passage, to stay here 
to serve you, and by his means and information of the state of your gov- 
ernment as now it is, I hope you will have no governor put upon you but 



1852.] William and John Crowne. 47 

of your own liking. Wherefore I must request you will really own and 
accordingly requite Mr. Crowne his love, care and pains for you." (Hutch- 
inson.) 

In 1G62 Col. Crowne had a grant from the Massachusetts government, 
of five hundred acres of land, "at a place near the cold spring, near unto 
the road which leadeth from Sudbury to Connecticut," embracing the ter- 
ritory now comprised in the township of Ashland, " as an acknowledgment 
of his great pains in behalf of this country when he was in England." — 
(Barry.) I recollect no further notice of Col. Crowne, material to his 
history, excepting that in a note in Chalmers' Biog. Diet, the father of John 
Crowne is represented as having accompanied the Earl of Arundul to 
Vienna, and published " a relation of his Lordship's travels, &c, 4to. 
1637 ; and who, after holding an office in the Herald's College, went with 
his family to one of the plantations and there died." 

John Crowne, it is stated by Watt, and other authorities, was the son of 
an Independent minister in Nova Scotia ; but this is presumed to be an 
error. He was undoubtedly the son of Col. Crowne, and we may probably 
claim him as an American by birth. He went to England in early life, 
say his biographers, where he remained for a time in great poverty, but 
he possessed such talent and enterprise, that in a few years he found his 
way to the court of Charles the Second, where he became a favorite. At 
the solicitation of the Earl of Rochester, when Dryden, the Poet Laureate, 
had incurred his displeasure, the King employed him to write " the masque 
of Calypso," to be performed before the court. " Nothing," says Sir Wal- 
ter Scott, " could be more galling towards Dryden, a part of whose duty, 
as Poet Laureate, was to compose the pieces designed for such occasions. 
Crowne, though he was a tolerable comic writer, had no turn whatever for 
tragedy, or indeed for poetry of any kind, but the splendor of the scenery 
and dresses, the quality of the performers, selected from the first nobility, and 
the favor of the Sovereign, gave it a run of nearly thirty nights." In the 
Memoirs of Mrs. Godolphin we find this lady unwillingly taking a part in 
this celebrated performance, in company with the Duke of Monmouth, the 
Ladies Mary and Anne, and other royal and noble persons. The event is 
also mentioned by the all observing Pepeys, and by Evylin, who described 
it as the last attempt to revive this species of entertainment. The author 
lost his credit with Rochester as soon as he became generally popular, and 
Otway was substituted as a rival more formidable to Dryden than either 
Settle, or " Starch Johny Crowne," so called from an unalterable stiffness 
of his large cravat. By Dennis it is said that the success of Settle ren- 
dered Dryden, Crowne and Shadwell jealous. At another period it is 
represented that Crowne, Otway, Durfey and Southerne, vied in produc- 
ing plays against the Whigs which might counterbalance the effect of the 
popular dramas of Shadwell. Sir Walter Scott remarks, to the honor of 
Charles II, that in " Sir Courtly Nice," an after production of Crowne, 
imitated from the Spanish, and patronized by the King, the furious tory is 
ridiculed in the character of Hothead, as well as the fanatical whig, under 
that of Testimony." It was during the rehearsal of this play, that the 
King's death occurred ; an event which " ruined Crowne," who, says Chal- 
mers, " had now nothing but his wits to live on during the remainder of 
his life." 

Watt enumerates eighteen plays written and published by Crowne, many 
of which passed through several editions. Two or three poems were also 
written by him. It is remarked, in the Pictorial History of England, that 
" though several of his plays were highly successful when first produced, 
Crowne was almost forgotten till Mr, Lamb reprinted some of has scenes 



48 William and John Crowne. [Jan., 

in his dramatic specimens, and showed that no dramatist of that age had 
written finer things." Mr. Bancroft's opinion is less favorable. Enumer- 
ating the acts of prodigality of Charles II, in grants of territory in Amer- 
ica, he remarks that " after Philip's war in New England, Mount Hope 
was hardly rescued from a courtier then famous as the author of two 
indifferent comedies." Rochester, also, when both Dryden and Crowne 
were out of favor with him, wrote a satire on the former, containing these 
lines, 

" the heavy mass 

That stuffs up his loose volumes must not pass, 

For by this rule I might as well admit 

Crowne's tedious scenes for poetry and wit." 

Although the association of his name with most of his literary contem- 
poraries would confer but little honor, it was no small distinction obtained 
by our American adventurer, that he was, to some extent, the rival of 
Dryden, of whom it is said that he would compliment Crowne when a play 
of his failed, but was cold to him if it met with success. 

When in the height of favor with the King, he made efforts to secure 
an indemnity for its future loss. He petitioned for a grant of that part of 
Bristol which had been the place of residence of the Indian King Philip. 
An order was issued to the governor and assistants of Rhode Island, bear- 
ing date Feb. 12, 1679, setting forth that u Whereas, we have been humbly 
informed by our well beloved subject John Crowne, gentleman, that his 
father, William Crowne, had sustained great loss by our surrendering Nova 
Scotia to the French, of part of which country he was proprietor, and 
therefore praying to grant unto him the land of Mount Hope in New Eng- 
land in compensation thereof." They were required to state what right 
either of the colonies had to said Mount Hope, the extent and value there- 
of, &c. About the same time Edward Randolph addressed a letter to Gov. 
Winslow on the subject, which shows how near Crowne was to obtaining 
his object. " The enclosed," says Randolph, " from Crowne, came to my 
hands at Piscataqua. By that you will easily see a necessity of speeding 
for court. I did not forget to signify your grateful receipt of His Majesty's 
letter, and being indisposed, you desired nothing done about Mount Hope 
till somebody did appear from your colony. Sir, be assured Mr. Crowne 
will be doing, and his interest at court is not small, and considering the 
necessity there is of renewing your charter, you can never do your colony 
greater service than to appear yourself at Whitehall, where you will very 
well stem his design." Afterwards the Commissioners of the united Col- 
onies made a report unfavorable to the interest of Crowne, in which they 
stated that his father's losses were in a great measure imaginary, and fur- 
thermore, that he was " a bad subject, and had occasioned great disquiet in 
one of His Majesty's colonies." (Hist. Colls.) Hutchinson says the Lords 
of Trade reported in favor of the claim, but it stopped in council. 

John Crowne, after experiencing many vicissitudes, died in England, in 
1703. 



1852-1 



The Sivett Family. 



49 



THE SWETT FAMILY. 

New England cannot reward her deserving citizens or their children 
or perpetuate the memory of her founders by the honors or rewards pe- 
culiar to royalty, but she is bound in gratitude, to keep their deeds of 
passive or active heroism, their lives of unostentatious virtue, their 
wisdom and prudence in laying the foundation of our institutions, on 
the solid principles of constitutional liberty, universal education and 
the open bible, familiar to the minds of her children ; — and he who 
slights their sober annals, and cannot be interested in the contemplation 
of their homely but romantic lives, too surely indicates a recreant neglect 
of the history and spirit of our government and institutions, which to know 
and to appreciate aright, is the strongest guaranty of their continuance, 
and an ignorance of them is equally a symptom of decay and dissolu- 
tion. In them " we must trace the origin and history of almost every 
institution now existing in the United States." l With this apology, 
is introduced a brief sketch of the family of one of the early planters of 
New England. 

According to Burke the Swete or Swett family, — bearing 



(guiles ttoo rijenrons beitoeen as maun 
mullets in d)ief anh a rose in base argent 
seeoeo or, GIrest, a mullet or, pierceb a^ure 
bettoeen two gilln floroers proper, 




was formerly of Trayne in Edward VI th ' 3 time and subsequently of 
Oxton in the county of Devonshire, 2 which furnished many colonists 
to New England. John Swett, admitted to the freedom of the Massa- 
chusetts colony, 18th of May, 1642, 3 was one of the grantees of New- 
bury, as early as December 7 th 1642, when " it was declared and or- 
dered according to the former intentions of the towne that the persons 
only above mentioned are acknowledged to be freeholders by the towne 
and to have propertionable right in all waste lands, commons, and rivers 
undisposed of." 4 Among these, ninety-one in number, were John Swett, 
Mr. John Woodbridge, Henry Lunt, whose grand-daughter Mary Lunt 
married Col. Joshua Wingate of Hampton, N. H., John Emery, brother 
of Anthony, who came to Newbury in the ship " James," in June, 1635, 
from Romsey, then a busy village near Southampton in England, was 
for a while, a leading townsman at Dover, and finally settled and died 
in Kittery leaving a family, — and Nathaniel Weare, himself an horior- 



1 Halliburton's " Rule and Misrule in America," 18,19. 

2 Richard Sweet was bailiff of Exeter, 1540 and 1590. 

3 Reg. iii. 189. 

4 Coffin's Newbury, 38, 392. 

6 



50 The Swett Family. [Jan. 

able man, of note in New Hampshire history, and the founder of an in- 
fluential family. 1 — Coffin relates no particulars of Mr. Swett's subsequent 
life or death, but we can safely conjecture from the fact of his emigra- 
tion at this period, that he was, like his associates, a devout low-church- 
man, 2 a republican, and a man of thought and action. 

His son Benjamin Swett, born as early as 1626, married Hester or 
Esther, daughter of Peter Weare and sister of Nathaniel Weare, in 
November, 1647. Mr. Swett and his brother Weare, lived on the most 
intimate terms of friendship, the more delightful, that each was a man 
of marked independence of character, calculated to lead others than to 
follow, and their life-long brotherly intercourse begun in this matrimonial 
alliance, had no bond in any relation of dependance, but in the union of 
brave hearts and the congeniality of noble minds. Tracing their lives, 
private and public, will open to view the early colonist's history, his in- 
dustry, energy, indomitable perseverance, dangers, bravery, his mental 
and moral manhood. 

In 1695, October 26 th Mr. Weare " aged about 60 years " deposed 
" that about the yeare of our Lord God 1655 my brother in law Cap 11 
Benjamin Swett and my self had a lease of the honerable Mr. John 
Woodbridge of Newberry his farme for seven years, the Northerly or 
northwesterly side of the s d farme was bounded in part with y e land of 
old Mr Pike, at the South or the southesterly corner of the s' pik's land 
was a springe that was called the watering place nere to which those 
that had to doe or s' 1 they had to doe with y e s d Mr. pik's land, did, I re- 
member, clayme a litell pece of land, the quantety or bounds thereof I 
know not, but the slipe of land so claymed and the watering place was 
within the fence of the s d woodbridge's farme and improved by us that 
dwelt on the s d farm and by no other as I know of while wee lived on 
the farm which was to y e yeare 1661 or 1662, and to the best of my re- 
membrance the fence that is betwene the farm of y e s d woodbridge and 
the s d Pik's land stands in the same place as it did for about forty years 
agoe." 3 The following is nearly a fac-simile of his autograph at that date. 



The next year Mr. Weare was married to Elizabeth Swain, and here 
the brothers passed seven years in the cultivation of the prolific soil, 
then yielding its first fruits to the labors of civilized man. But for the 
alarms from the Indians on whose domains they were the first settlers, 
and the occasional arrival of colonists to the new world, bringing tidings 
from their friends and relatives in Old England — restless under her civil 
and ecclesiastical wrongs, — their life, even in its freshness and simplic- 
ity, must have been monotonous. The limpid water of the spring and 
the frugal homely board, supplied by the labor of their own hands gave 
them the flush of health, and clear minds. But a scrap of yellow, time- 
stained, tell-tale paper perpetuates the fact that some of our good puritans, 4 

1 Died May 13, 1718, aged nearly 87. Coffin's Newbury. 

2 Hutchinson, i. 431-2. 

3 "Thornton Papers," No. 1021. 

4 In 1639 the Court forbade the drinking of healths on a penalty of 12 d for each 
offence. 



1852. J The Swett Family. 51 

though not addicting themselves to taverns, were not averse to " a 
draught of sack," for " Ensign " Benjamin, on or about the " 27 th of y e 
7 th month 1653 paid to Nath. Winsley, three pounds in current money 
for a " rundlett of sack." 

That Mr. Swett. and his brother Weare had not fully adopted New- 
bury as a permanent residence, appears by a petition from some of the 
active men of Dover and Newbury in 1649 " to the Honred Generale 
Courte now assembled at Boston," signed by Richard Walderne, Benia : 
Swett, Nathaniel Weare, and others, praying for " the grant of a trackte 
of land at Pennecooke of twelve miles square, which being granted," 
the petitioners will " be at the cost and charge of viewinge of it, and 
consider fully about it wheather to proceed on for the settlinge of a 
towne or noe, and for that end shall crave the liberty of three yeares to 
give in " their decision. This scheme they abandoned and their lease 
of the Woodbridge farm having expired, about 1662 or 1663 they re- 
moved with their families, to Hampton in New Hampshire. Mr. Swett 
was chosen a Commissioner for the county rates in 1665 and 1668, and 
a "selectman" 1 in 1665, 1669 and 1675, and in 1670 2 received a 
grant of one hundred acres of land in " No. 56," now the town of 
■sfe # # # #^ foui hi s chief service was in improving their military disci- 
pline. His fondness for martial life, was early developed and appre- 
ciated by his townsmen who elected him to offices of great consequence 
in the public estimation ; witness the following : 

" Whereas it was ordered the last session of this court that the towne 
of Newbury should goe to a new election for there Ensigne in respect 
the last choyce was not cleare which accordingly they have done and 
have legally made choyce of Benjamin Swet to be their ensigne and they 
desire the approbation of this hono rd Court of what is done and that he 
may be confirmed in that place, the Depu ts have granted their request and 
desire the consent of o r Gouvn e r and magist thereunto. 

William Torrey Cleric. 
14, (8) 51. Consented to by the magis 1 

Edw Rawson, Secret 3 

The following document, copied from the original, preserved in the 
archives of Massachusetts, 3 is apparently in Captain Swett's elegant 
hand writing and was doubtless his production. It is well worthy of 
preservation for its general interest. 

" To the much Honoured Generall Court Assembled in Boston May 
31 st 1671 : The petition of the Commissioned and other officers of the 
Militia in the County of Norfolk. 

Humbly Sheweth. 

That the action which (as we are informed) passed in the honoured 
generall Court at y e sessions in May, 1670 in choseing & appointeing 
Capt. Robb 1 Pike to be the Sergeant Major over the militia of Norfolk, 

1 Letters of the Eev. Jonathan French, D. D , for fifty years pastor of the 
ancient church of North Hampton, N. H., who is thoroughly versed in New Hampshire 
history and in the antiquities of his own town. Great use was made of his manuscripts 
in the preparation of the account of the Dearborn family in volume 2 d of the " Register." 
May he have many years of happiness in the calm and dignity of his retirement from 
public service. Similar acknowledgements are due to Dr. French's son-in-law, Joseph 
Dow, A. M. State Mss. vol. 67. Military Papers, i. p. 54. 

2 Col. Samuel Swett's mss. 

3 Military, vol. 67, p. 57. 



52 The Sioett Family. [Jan. 

& his exerciseing his authority over us as Major, hath put us & many 
others upon consideration of o r condition in respect of o r military affaires; 
whereupon viewing & examining the first section of the Law entitled 
military, wee finde momentous clauses which we humbly present to yo r 
grave consideration, viz., That in y e sayd law by the Authority of this 
Court, there was priviledg granted to the freemen of the severall coun- 
ties therein named, to chuse out of them selves one to be their Serjeant 
major, who so chosen, is to be sworn as the s d law directs, and that A 
Serjant major beeing once stated, the s d freemen by law have not power 
of new choice, so long as hee lives, and holds y e place ; Nor yet the 
Maj r gen rl or gen rI court (as We with Submission humbly propose) to 
send forth their warrants for such a choice to be made, ffarther in the 
s J section we find that by order and authority of this court, the Militia 
of Norfolk (we suppose by reason of y 8 paucity of y e number, & of men 
of ability among them which we readily grant) was stated at y e same 
time under the care and conduct of the Serg"- Maj r of Essex, with a 
proviso, as it is there incerted, w~h hath given & still would give good 
satisfaction to your petitioners, & the County in generall, both soldiers, 
& others of w l degree soever, assuredly beleeving y l we could not so 
well have provided for o r selves, had it then or should it now be left to 
the freemens choyce, as it was in other counties not more faithful to 
Authority than o r selves. We can not conceive any advantage by a change, 
& here of none j l ever spake of the necessity of having a Maj r among 
o r selves, except some one or two whose reasons we could never fathom 
or see ground for, in respect of the service itselfe. We readily grant 
this court hath authority over us, and their judicious pleasure we shall 
submitt to, & as we have been, so we are & shall be free at all times to 
submitt o r persons &; estates to the orders comeing from the higher pow- 
ers : but heareing some have procured this court to put a Maj r upon us 
when we had no thoughts, nor saw any need of it, we are bold (with the 
favors of the court) to appear in this manner to make o r motion & leave 
it with yo r honoured selves, and humbly to declare how wee have 
through o r weakness (if we were mistaken in y e law) been misslead in 
o r apprehensions, we had allmost sayd, by the contriveance of one o r , 
(friends to themselves) beguiled. We shall not urge w l Samuell sayd 
to Israeli when they desired to be like other people, and how afterwards 
they cried out of that as great sinn. Though we are not as other 
counteys in that o r maj r lived not in this county, yet we esteemed o r selves 
in as good condition as others, and were not ambitious of alteration, w c h 
we conceived could not be made but from better to worse : we have 
justly conceived o r selves in o r former condition not to be without a live- 
ing head, w c h this court in y r wisdom did set over us, & we upon good 
ground have gloried in ; and now being unexpectedly stripped of that 
o r martiall glory, we cannot but speak, move & request this honored 
court that our selves, & the militia of Norfolk may be stated as form- 
erly, under the command and conduct of the Maj r of Essex, of whom we 
desire leave of this court to say he is o r major ; But if it be the absolute 
determination of the court, that we must have a major liveing amonst 
us, we crave humbly the like privilidges w ch other countyes have had, 
that there may issue out warrants according to direction in the law fore- 
cited for a free choice. If it be replyed that a law of a later date hath 
otherwise ordered the choice, & put it into the hands of this court, we 
desire leave humbly to urge o r motion thus far that the law made in May 
1669, regulating the choyce of officers hath respect to the choyce of such 
officers as were formerly chosen by a mixt multitude in private compa- 



1S52.J The Swett Family. 53 

nies, & not of such as are chosen according to o r patterns (if we mis- 
take not) wholly by the vote & voice of freemen whos libertyes & priv- 
idges this court hath been, and is, sedulously carefull to p r serve & mayn- 
tayn : we beg this court seariously to weigh the first clause of the law 
made May 69. w c h sayth all commission officers y t at present are in be- 
ing, are confirmed according to their respective commissions, w c h clause 
we conceive did confirm the maj r of Essex, as Maj r still to the county 
of Norfolk, he being A chief commission officer to us & confirmed by 
the law mentioned, the law not putting ffbrmer officers out, but taking 
order for future choyce where need should bee, by death, removeall, or 
discharge of any fro" their trust, none of w~h (we p r sume) are applicable 
pr o r former Maj r , Whose care over us and app r hension of being confirmed 
to the law cited is evident in that in the year 69 he had concluded to 
exercise the regiment of Norfolk, had not the councell of y e country de- 
termined there should be noe gen r ll trayneing that sommer : at other 
times he hath taken care of us w°h we now forbeare to particularize. 
It was upon the p r mises mentioned that we have not before moved to 
put in o r votes for another Major, w r 'h otherwise we might and should 
have done before that law was made, w c h seems to debar us of that 
priviledg, w c h did Equally belong to us with the County of Essex in 
chuseing of a distinct Maj r * after the death of their & o r Maj r - We 
would not in the least be understood to oppose the Authority of this 
court or the laws established, but shall allwaies endeavor to uphold the 
authority of the same : but o r aime is that the life of o r Maj* may not 
prove the death & buriall of those rights & priviledges which were es- 
tablished on us, as on other freemen, w°h we should have improved, had 
we been destitute of a Maj 1 '* two years since. We crave leave to summ 
up all in a few words, w c h is humbly to request of this court, that they 
would be pleased to allow us the conduct of o r former Maj 1 " under whom 
we have enjoyed, as government, so quietnes, w r 'h hath not been alto- 
gether so, since the rumor of a change ; this is o r first and grand request, 
desire and aime of o r hearts, & p r sent addresse or ells that you would 
vouchsafe us the like liberty in choice w c h other counties have had, con- 
sidering now, & in w* manner we have been deprived without any forfit e 
of o r owne we know of, neither yet doe we understand how the motion 
for a new maj 1 ' came to this court. If this honored Court of thei 1 ' wonted 
clemency shall as an act of favo r at least grant vs o r request especially 
o r chiefe request, to settle vs under the commands of our former [and 
withdraw the commission of the later] Majo r# It will & shall strongly 
oblige yo r Petitioners if not the whole County(as in duety they are 
bound) ever to pray for yo r prosperity & continewance to maintayn the 
rights, libertyes & priviledges of the people & freemen of this Jurisdiction. 




amm 



^yoS^rt 



John Seuera?is. 

John Gillman James Parker 

William More John Hoyt sen r 

Joseph Dow Jonathan Thinge 

John Steuens Peter Johnson 

William Osgood 
Thomas Philbrick 
William Maston 



54 The Swett Family. [Jan. 

The deputyes Judge not meete to graunt this petition With refFerence 
to the Consent of o r Honor 4 ' magistr d hereto. 

7: 4: 1671. William Torrey Cleric. 

Mr. Swett acquired great celebrity for his skill and daring in hunting 
and fighting the Indians, by whom he eventually lost his life, while in 
command of the Massachusetts forces at the East. In 1675 and '76, in 
the Provincial Account Book, now preserved in the archives of the New 
England Historic-Genealogical Society, Benjamin Swett is the chief 
name in the accounts with " Hampton-Town." 

In 1675, during Philip's war, there was a fear of " a design of a gen- 
eral rising of the Indians against the English all over the country," and 
their frequent and bloody incursions filled the whole country with terror. 
It was at this time that Capt. Thomas Lake, the eminent merchant of 
Boston, was killed at his fort at Arowsick. Men of true courage and 
discretion were now proved and known, and Swett won for himself a 
high rank among the heroes of our Colonial wars. Hubbard, after re- 
lating many tragedies of the dreadful year 1675, says, " Much about 
this time [September] one Goodman Robinson of Exeter, with his son, 
were travelling toward Hampton, when, as they were going along, they 
were way-laid by three Indians, viz. John Sampson, Cromwel, and John 
Linde who shot down the old man, whom they left dead upon the place ; 
his son, hearing the guns, escaped their hands by running into a swamp 
whither the Indians pursued him, but could not overtake him, so as he 
got safe into Hampton about midnight, where he declared what befell 
him by the way, and how narrowly he avoided the danger ; intimating 
likewise that he feared that his Father was killed, which was proved too 
true, by Lieut. Sivet, who the next day with a dozen Soldiers of the 
Town went to search those Woods, where they found the poor old man, 
shot through at his back, the Bullet having pierced through at his Body 
and was stopped by the skin on the other side." l 

The remainder of Mr. Swett's life was passed in active military ser- 
vice. He was always in that post which most required sagacity and 
courage. In 1677, " the savages seemed to have marked out the town of 
Wells, in Maine, for early and utter destruction. From their first enter- 
ing it, April 6th, when they killed three, to the end of the month, they 
made attacks upon the people and their garrison several times. On 
the 13th, [or 29th,] John Weld and Benjamin Storer were killed by 
them. Two or three, approaching a man and boy who were fowling in 
the marshes, were first espied by the boy, when the man was half sitting 
and fixing his flint. Springing up as the boy spoke, he aimed his gun 
directly at them, crying out, Ah, you rogues, I've been looking for you ; 
when they, being startled by his bold rebuff, turned and fled. The fort 
was commanded by Lieut. Swett, a brave and vigilant officer — always 
alert and active for the safety of the inhabitants. Seeing a strolling 
Indian, who was in fact a decoy, Swett despatched eleven of his men 
towards the place, to make discoveries. By venturing too far, they fell 
into an ambush, when two were shot dead and one mortally wounded. 
Hearing the report of the guns, Swett sent out auxiliaries, who killed 
five or six, and would have done thorough execution, had not an Irish- 
man sung out, here they be ! here they be ! which so alarmed them, 



1 Hubbard's "Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians," &c. London, 1677 
4to, p. 12-19. 



1852.] The Swett Family. 55 

that they withdrew and sheltered themselves among the thick trees and 
bushes." 1 

From this time the Indians continuing their sanguinary attacks, ex- 
cited the alarm of the government for the safety of the distant and 
exposed settlements. The government having had good experience of 
the faithfulness and valor of the Christian Indians about Natick, 2 
(some of whom had been on the eastern service in February, and had 
given counsel, which if followed, would doubtless have worsted the 
enemy at that time,) 3 armed two hundred of them and ordered a re- 
cruit of forty English soldiers, and all such able bodied men to be enlist- 
ed or impressed, as could be found, who had come from the Province 
of Maine, 4 to be under the command of Capt. Benjamin Swett of 
Hampton, and Lieut. Richardson, to march to the falls of Taconick on 
Kennebeck river, where, it was said, the Indians had six forts, well 
furnished with amunition. 6 Hubbard 6 says that the government " not 
judging aright of the number of the enemy, much underdid their busi- 
ness, for besides that the number they sent of English was a great deal 
too small, those that were chosen this bout, to take their turns in the 
service abroad, were, many of them, young, raw, and unexperienced 
soldiers, who were not able to look danger, much less death, in the face, 
in cool blood, by which means it came to pass that the enterprise suc- 
ceeded so ill." The forces were embarked in vessels which came to 
an anchor off Black Point, in Scarboro, on the 28th of June, where 
Captain Swett, being informed that some Indians had been seen, went on 
shore with a party, 7 confident in his strength, and began to try the 
valor and courage of his company before he had disciplined them, or 
had any experience of their ability to fight. They were joined by some 
of the inhabitants, so as to make ninety in all. The next morning, June 
29th, the enemy shewed themselves on a plain in three parties. A large 
decoy, supposed to be the main body of the Indians, feigned a retreat, 
and were pursued a distance of two miles from the fort, when the Eng- 
lish found themselves in a most exposed situation, between a thicket and 
a swamp, upon the declivity of a hill, and instantly from an ambush on 
each side great numbers of Indians, rising with a war whoop, fired at 
once upon the two divisions, and turning so violently and suddenly upon 
them, threw the young and undisciplined soldiers into confusion. 
Swett with a few of the more resolute, fought bravely on the retreat, 
till he came near the fort, when he was killed ; sixty more were left 
dead or wounded, and the rest got into the fort. 8 Hubbard's ac- 
count is that, " while some were ready to run and shift for themselves, 
the Captain strived so long to keep them together, to bring off the 
dead and wounded men, that he brought himself and company into dan- 
ger of an utter overthrow, which soon after took place ; for the poor un- 

1 Hubbard's History of New England, p. 632, Harris' edition. 

2 Ibid, 634. 

3 Gookin's History of the Christian Indians in American Antiquarian Society's 
trans, i. 516. 

4 Williamson's Maine, i. 549. 

5 Ibid, 550. 

6 Belknap's N. H., 82, but Williamson i. 550, says they were designed especially 
for the defence of Black Point and Winter Harbor. 

7 Harris' edition, 634. 

8 Manuscript letter of Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, of Hampton, whose grandson Judge 
Daniel Gookin, of North Hampton, married Abigail Dearborn, a lineal descendant from 
Capt. Swett. Farmer's Belknap, 82. 



56 The Swett Family. [Jan. 

skilful soldiers, being scattered, were shifting for themselves, while a few 
resolute men of courage bore the brunt of the service till they were in a 
manner all knocked down. Lieutenant Richardson was killed soon after 
the first onset ; the Captain, having received near twenty wounds, yet 
still held out, defending and encouraging his men, till he was surrounded 
with more of his enemies than he was able to grapple with, and so was 
at the last barbarously murdered by them within a little of the garrison 
house. There were slain at this time somewhat above forty of the Eng- 
lish, and twelve of the friendly Indians that assisted, very few escaping, 
but were either killed right out or dangerously wounded." 

Williamson's description of the fight is that " though the ranks were 
broken, the engagement was sharp and protracted, Eichardson was pres- 
ently slain and many on both sides soon shared the same fate. Swett 
fought the enemy hand to hand ; displaying upon the spot and in a re- 
treat of two miles, great presence of mind as well as personal courage, 
in repeated rallies of his men, in his exertions to bring off the dead 
and wounded, and in defence of his rear, upon which the savages hung 
with destructive fury. At last, wounded in twenty places, and exhausted 
by loss of blood and by fatigue, he was grappled, thrown to the ground, and 
barbarously cut in pieces at the gates of the garrison. With this intrepid 
officer, fell sixty of his men, forty English and twenty Indians, being- 
two thirds of the whole number in the engagement. Seldom is the 
merit of a military officer more genuine, seldom is the death of one more 
deeply lamented." At Kirkwood's neck, Black Point, on the plains 
where he fell with his sixty men, the remains of the extensive fortifica- 
tions, erected in 1682 by Capt. Joshua Scottow and the town of Scar- 
borough, are still distinctly visible ; and on the neck is the cellar of the 
old garrison from which Swett rallied out for the fatal engagement. 1 

It is evident from these cotemporary accounts that the fatal result of 
this expedition is to be attributed chiefly to the error of the Government 
in supplying raw, undisciplined soldiers for a service, peculiarly hazar- 
dous, and often attended with imminent peril. The heroic commander 
and his ' forlorn hope,' became a sacrifice to the weakness, negligence, or 
still more blameable conduct of the authorities. 

The probate records at Ipswich show that his widow Hester adminis- 
tered on his estate in the fall of the same year, which was valued by 
Rev. Seaborn Cotton, Samuel Dalton, Antony Stanyan and Steven Green- 
leaf at £558 19 shillings and his debts £2 and six shillings. 2 — Mrs. 
Swett was married by Commissioner Dalton to Ensign Steven Green- 
leaf of Newbury on the 31st of March 1678. Capt Swett's companion 
and brother, Nathaniel Weare, out lived him many years. He was in 
1683 appointed by the people of New Hampshire their agent to present 
their grievances under Cranfield, to the King, and he was again ap- 
pointed the province agent in 1685 to present a fresh petition to the 
King. In 1692 he was appointed a counsellor of the Province. His 
son Peter was appointed to the same office in 1698 and was the grand 
father of the Hon. Meshec Weare, the first President of New Hampshire 
under the constitution of 1783. 3 

1 Manuscript letter of Rev. Henry G. Storer, of Scarborough. 

2 Col. Samuel Swett's notes. 

3 Farmer's Belknap's History of N. H., 103, 14, 24, 9, 54, 5, 217, 495, 408, 486, 
475, 472, 471, 459, 417, 411, 364. "At a meeting of y e freeholders of y^ Town of 
Hampton, y e 24 th of September, 1685, Mr. Nathaniel Weare, Lieut. John Sanborne 
and Nathaniel Bachelder, sen. were then chosen by y e freeholders abous d to serve in 
the next Generall assembly, by y e major vote of y c freeholders. 



L852.] The Swett Family. 57 

Capt Swett's children were Hester born 7 June 1648, m rl Abin Greene 
1668, Sarah 7 November 1650, m. Morris Hobbs 1678, Mary 7 Janu- 
ary 1652, Mary 2 May 1654, Benjamin 5 August 1656, Joseph 21 
January 1659, Moses 16 September 1661, all born in Newbury, and 
Hannah 1664, 16, 3, Elizabeth 1667, 2, 5, John 1670, 17. 3, Stephen 
1672 13, 13, 7, and perhaps one other, all born at Hampton. 1 The 
family probably removed to Newbury, upon their mother's marriage to 
Mr Greenleaf of that place. To trace the history of each will be the 
privilege of their various descendants. There is evidence that several 
of them were married and the sons Benjamin, John, Joseph, and Moses 
became respectable citizens of Hampton, the first two being seventeen 
and nineteen years of years of age at their father's decease, a time of 
life, when they may be supposed to have formed the local attachments, 
and interests which fixed them permanently in that settlement. 

John, married Bethiah, daughter of Thomas Page, October 3, 1696, 
and had children Huldah, July 16, 1699; Sarah, Dec. 23, 1700; John, 
Dec. 4, 1702, Elisha, Sept. 30, 1705, Benjamin, Oct. 17, 1707, Joseph 
of Marblehead, m. Samuel Winslow, and perhaps others. He bought 
a farm of his brother-in-law John Page, who removed to Cape May. 
His will made June 16, 1748, was proved Sept. 26, 1753. He died at 
Kingston, N. H., in 1753, aged 82, leaving a widow Sarah. 

Moses Swett, and his wife Mary, had children Mary b. 2 1 Feb 1689, 
Esther born 10 June 1690 mar'd John Eaton Nov. 18. 1718; in 1722 
he drew a half share in the fifth division in right of Richard Swain. 
His will made 15 of April, 1719, when he was " sick of body, sound of 
mind," was proved 19 January 1731. Mary, eldest daughter Elizabeth 
(wife of Nathaniel Hall) deceased daughters Mary Swain, Esther Hoeg, 
son Daniel, dau r * Deliverance Coleman, Theodat Purington, son Stephen 
and daughters Phebe Purington, Huldah Coleman, and Patience. The 
estate of Mary Swett of Hampton Falls, deceased, was appraised in 1764 
by Meshech Weare and Jon"- Burnham at £ 1777, old tenor; "a note 
of hand for 1137 £ old tenor, on interest "at 15 per cent," is named in 
the inventory. 2 

3 Joseph, under the guidance of the Rev. Mr. Barnard of Marble- 
head, by whom he was styled " a young man of strict justice, great in- 
dustry, enterprising genius, quick apprehension and firm resolution, but 
of small fortune," became the founder of the temporary commercial pros- 
perity of Marblehead, which town subsequently paid one of the highest 
taxes in the Colony, and was one of the principal ports on our New Eng- 
land coast. He had sons Joseph and Stephen, and daughters, Ruth 
who married Robert Hooper, known as " King Hooper," Mary who mar- 
ried Doctor Joseph Lemmon of Marblehead, and was the mother of Mary, 
who married Col. Wm. R. Lee, of the Revolutionary army, the father of 
Wm. R. Lee, Samuel now W m * R. Lee who married Hannah daughter 
of Nath 1, Tracy of Newburyport, a son of Patrick Tracy, (a principal 
merchant of Newburyport, who married Hannah, daughter of the Rev. 
Nathl. Gookin of Hampton, N. H.) Elizabeth, Joseph Lemmon, and 
Hannah Swett, who married Hon. Henry A. S. Dearborn, of Roxbury. 

Ruth, another daughter of Dr. Lemmon, married John Prentiss, Esq. 
of Londonderry, N. H. and Elizabeth, married Thomas Lewis, of Mar- 
blehead. Martha Swett, sister of Mrs. Lemmon, married Jeremiah 

1 Coffin's Newbury and Hampton Records. 

2 Rockingham Prob. Rec. No. 3, p. 115. 

3 The account of the family of Joseph is given chiefly on the authority of manu- 
scripts of Col. Samuel Swett, of Boston. 



58 The Swett Family. [Jan. 

Lee, an eminent citizen, of Marblehead, 1 and was the mother of Mary, 
wife of Nathaniel Tracy of Newburyport, Martha who married Pike, and 
of Joseph and Abigail. Samuel Swett, son of Joseph, and brother of Mrs. 
Lemmon and Mrs. Lee, was the partner of his brother-in-law Robert 
Hooper, married Anna Woodbury, niece of Rev. John Barnard, and had 
children, Dr. John Barnard Swett, (adopted son and heir of Rev. 
Mr. Barnard) Joseph, who married Curtis and left no children, Ann, who 
married Knight and left children, Samuel, who married Salter and left 
children, Martha, now living, (November, 1851) in her 92d year, Stephen, 
who married Prince, (and had children Samuel Woodbury, president of 
the National Insurance office, and Anna Woobury, unmarried,) Sarah, 
who married Prince and left children, Ruth, who married Doctor Drury 
and left no children, Hannah, who married Henry Jackson, (and had 
children Dr. John B. Jackson, Mary Wendell, wife of Samuel Wood- 
bury Swett, and Henry, who married Lavina Whitney and left a son) 
Benjamin, who married Sarah Webb, of Salem, (and left children W m 
B., and Anna W.) and Samuel who left children. 

Dr. John Barnard Swett, of whom Dr. Thatcher has given a valuable 
memoir in his Medical Biography, married Charlotte, daughter of Col. 
William Bourne, of Marblehead, and had children, Samuel, William, 
Bourne, and Tasker Hazard, the last two of whom constituted the late 
well known firm of William B. Swett &; Co. Samuel, a counsellor at 
law, married Lucia, daughter of Hon. William Gray, the eminent mer- 
chant. He served as topographical engineer in the U. S. army, during 
the campaign of 1814, is the author of several publications, and was a 
silent partner of William B. Swett & Co. Tasker Hazard, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Coolidge and Elizabeth Bulfinch. 

The following extract from Gen. Sullivan's order book is dated 27th 
September, 1778. " The Commander in chief takes this opportunity to 
return his most sincere and cordial thanks to doctors Simson, Hagar, Wil- 
son, Parsons, Jackson and Sivett, surgeons, and to Doctor Arnold, Direc- 
tor General of the hospital ; for the unwearied care and attention which 
they paid to the wounded of this army. Had not the General's own ob- 
servations furnished him with the most striking evidence, the thankful ac- 
knowledgements of the wounded officers and soldiers, with the grateful 
voice of an approving army must have convinced him how much America 
stands indebted to their skill, humanity and unwearied application which 
under Divine Providence has saved to this army so many brave officers, 
whose dangerous wounds, but for their unparralled exertions must have 
proved fatal. The General assures these gentlemen that to whatever de- 
partment they may be called, a grateful remembrance of their services 
must rest on the minds of the officers and soldiers that compose this army, 
and that he, as commander of it will ever take pleasure in acknowledging 
the obligations due to their merit." 

Joseph Swett, Esq., of Hampton, the most noted and influential of 
Capt. Benjamin Swett's sons, lived near to and for many years enjoyed 
the friendship of his uncle Nathaniel Weare, " in the part of ancient 
Hampton, which is now Hampton Falls, on the road from Newburyport 

1 Gen. Henry A. S. Dearborn, left among his voluminous manuscripts, now in 
possession of Mrs. Dearborn, a memoir, in two octavo volumes, of Col. Wm. R. Lee, 
which contains a comprehensive sketch of the life of Jeremiah Lee. This work should 
be published. He built the venerable mansion at Marblehead, which yet remains a 
noble specimen of the luxury of our Provincial Magnates. His grand-children at New- 
buryport have full length portraits of himself and wife, painted by Mr. Copley and 
pronounced by him to be two of his best paintings. 



') 



1 852.] "i 'he Swell Family. 59 

to Portsmouth. 1 " He was a very smart active man, and took a warm 
interest in organizing the parish of Hampton Falls." 2 When in 1683, 
under Cranfield, the public grievances became insupportable, and the 
people were driven to making a vigorous stand for their liberties, by 
an address " to the King's most Excellent Majesty," presented by Mr. 
Weare, their ambassador, to the King, we find the signature of Mr. 
Swett to the address, though a very young man. The petition bore 
among others the names of John Oilman, Edward Smith, Nathaniel 
Bachiler, Joseph Smith, Thomas and Henry Dearborn, Peter Weare, 
Moses Swett, Morris Hobbs, John Shipway, Richard Waldron, John 
Cutt, William Vaughan, George Jaffrey, John and Anthony Nutter, 
John Winget, John Gerrish, the Wentworth's and John Tucke. 3 
" Lieut." Swett was one of the selectmen of Hampton in 1693, 8, 1712, 

and 1717, when he was called " Captain " Swett. He was a repre- 
sentative to the Provincial Assembly in 1693, 8, 1708, and perhaps at 
other times. By his first wife Hannah, the Hampton records show 
the birth of Hannah, born 13th September, 1682, Margaret, born 21st 
July, 1690, and Abigail, born 29th May, 1693. By his second wife, Sa- 
rah , Lydia, born 22d March, 1763-4, Hannah, born 23d May, 

1708, Benjamin, born 2d May, 1710, Nathan, 4 born November 17, 
1712, Moses, born 12th December, 1716, and perhaps others. His 
will, made 27th September, 1720, was proved February 4, 1722. Ben- 
jamin Swett, born in 1710, named for his grandfather, the warrior of 
Black Point, resided on the paternal estate. At the age of twenty-two 
years, July 20, 1732, he married Elizabeth, widow of Jenness, daughter 
of Bonus Norton, of Ipswich and Hampton, (nephew of Rev. John Nor- 
ton of Boston, son of William Nonon of Ipswich, merchant, and brother 
of Rev. John Norton of Hingham) and had children, Elizabeth, (the 
first wife of deacon David Bachiler, of Hampton Falls,) Moses, of Hamp- 
ton Falls, (married Rogers and died about 1764, his son Thomas Rogers 
Swett, settled at Pittsfield, N. H.) and Sarah, who married first ° Dr. 
Levi Dearborn, of Northampton, and after his death, Hon. Phillips 
White, of South Hampton. The two magnificent elm trees, now stand- 
ing at Hampton Falls, were set out by Mrs. Swett, in front of the house 
they then occupied, and her daughter Sarah, a little girl, held up the 
trees while her mother placed the earth about the roots. They have, 
for very many years, and do still excite admiration by their enormous 
trunks and gigantic wide spreading arms. In May, 1843, the Rev. Dr. 
Jonathan French and Mr. Abbott, measured one of them, at about seven 
feet from the ground, and found it to be fourteen feet in circumference. 
Higher up where it branched it was several feet larger. 1 

Dr. Dearborn, had brothers Benjamin, a physician of Portsmouth, 
a graduate of Harvard college, in 1746, who married Ruth, daughter of 
Dr. Benjamin Rogers, of Portsmouth, and Simeon Dearborn of Green- 
land, who married Anna Gookin, and a second wife, Martha, sister of 
Rev. Dr. Haven of Portsmouth. His cousin, Henry Dearborn was the 

1 Rev. Dr. French's letter. 

2 Col. Swett's manuscripts. 

3 Farmer's Belknap's, N. H. 103, 473. 

4 Nathan Swett, of Kingston, N. H. administered on the estate of Thomas Dear- 
born, late of Biddeford, deceased, Jan. 1, 1749. £1025.10. Capt. Daniel Smith of 
Biddeford was an appraiser of the estate. York Prob. Rec. vol. 8. 

5 " Hampton Falls, Aug. 9, 1843. The following marriage is recorded in the 
church Records of the Congregational Society, Hampton Falls, " 1732, July 20 married. 
Benjamin Swett and Elizabeth Jenness" certified by me. 

Jacob Caldwell, Pastor of said Society." 



60 The Sivett Family. [Jan. 

revolutionary patriot, and father of the late Hon. H. A. S. Dearborn, 
who married Hannah Swett Lee, a descendant of Joseph Swett of 
Marblehead, fame. Dr. Dearborn was born at Hampton, New Hamp- 
shire, March 7th, 1729-30, and traced his descent from Godfrey Dear- 
born, 1 John Marrion, Rev. Steven Bachiler, Robert Smith, of Hampton, 
Edward Colcord, 2 Edward Gove and others of the early planters of 
New Hampshire. He studied medicine with Dr. Hall Jackson, a distin- 
guished practitioner at Portsmouth. At the age of twenty-one years, 
having completed his preparatory studies, he was married to Sarah 
Swett, March 28th, 1751, and at once commenced at North Hampton, the 
practice of his profession, in which he became eminent, receiving from it 
a handsome income, but ever viewing his services as honorary, than for 
a reward, much to the credit and honorable rank of his vocation, and 
winning for himself a high reputation for christian benevolence. He 
was active in the revolutionary struggle, and was among the fast friends 
of liberty, and cheerfully contributed of his substance for its advance- 
ment. He died March 28, 1792, in his 63d year. Mrs. Dearborn, 

1 Joseph Dearborn, eldest son of John and Hannah, was born April 9, 1699, bap- 
tized May 21, 1699. Joseph had a brother John, who was afterwards deacon of the 
church in North Hampton, and father of General Dearborn, who was in infancy called 
Dudley, his name being afterward altered to Henry. Joseph had another brother, Jon- 
athan, as is learned from a very aged grand daughter, now living in North Hampton and 
other aged people. Jonathan is said to have settled at Stratham, and that the 
removing of his family from Hampton, the distance of about seven miles, as the roads 
now are, occupied four days by a circuitous rout through Kensington and Exeter, by 
the guidance of marked trees. 

Some traditional anecdotes of the mirthful propensities of Jonathan, when a young 
man, are still preserved. He once indulged this inclination so much too far, as to fire 
an alarm gun, when there was no occasion. The false alarm of Indians, spread even 
as far as Salem, Mass. and was the means of breaking up a court, which was then 
holding a session in that town. For this offence he was tried and condemned " to run 
the gauntlet " through a fiile of men and to receive their lashes on his naked back. 
The tradition is that when stripped, and all were ready to inflict the punishment, he 
looked so youthful and fair that the women present moved with pity mediated and 
begged him off, aud that his pardon was obtained. 

At what time Joseph Dearborn's family commenced their residence in the part of 
ancient Hampton, now North Hampton, cannot be ascertained. He lived in the 
northerly part of that town, about a mile N. W. of the residence of the late Judge 
Gookin, and on the road leading to Winnicut mills, which are in Stratham. He was 
usually called " Governor Dearborn." How he received this appellation is not at pres- 
ent known. He was a man of wealth and built or assisted his three sons in building a 
large house for each. One of them, a large gambrel-roofed edifice is yet standing on 
the hill in North Hampton, an eighth of a mile, perhaps, east of the Winnicut mills. 
Tradition says that " Governor Dearborn" once lived several rods west of this house, 
by the well, which now [May 16, 1843] remains. Another house, built for Dr. Levi 
Dearborn, is yet standing. It was occupied by Judge Gookin before he built the house 
in which he last resided in NDrth Hampton, on the hill south of the brook. It was al- 
tered by Col. Lovering into a three story house, now owned by his heirs and by Dr. 
Morris L. Hobbs." — Mss. letter of Rev. Dr. Jonathan French to J. TV. T. 

2 Edward Gove lived in that part of Hampton which is now Seabrook. He 
was a member of the assembly dismissed by Gov. Cranfield. Exasperated at the arbi- 
trary measures of the Governor, he endeavored to effect a revolution, was arraigned 
and condemned to death for high treason. After having been sent to England and im- 
prisoned in the Tower three years, he was released and returned home, and his confis- 
cated estates returned to him. — Farmer's Belknap's Hist, of JST. H. 91, 98, 123, 477, 
482, 465,193. 

3 Gen. Reg. ii. 298. The following sketch of the character of Doctor Dear- 
born, is taken from a familiar letter, addressed by a member of his family, Mrs. 
S. G. S. of Scarboro', Maine, to the writer some years since. "As I am no biogra- 
pher, I shall not attempt to put matters in a regular shape, but mention his characteris- 
tics just as they occur to my memory, for truly I know not where to begin. The lead- 
ing traits of his character were wit, amiability and generosity. His wit was unbounded, 



L852.] The Swell Family. 61 

was distinguished for her great personal beauty, to which was added 
good sense and practical piety. She was married a second time to the 
Hon. Phillips White, of South Hampton, who was speaker of the House 
of Representatives of New Hampshire in 1776, one of the Committee of 
Safety, a delegate to Congress, Judge of Probate of Rockingham county, 
&c. Mrs. White, died August 2, 1808, and the Judge, three years 
after, August 11th, 1811. 

Several of the children died young. Sarah Dearborn, born August 
30th, 1755, married December 19, 1778, the Hon. Gen. Michael 
McClary, 1 of Epsom, Marshall of the U. S. District of New Hamp- 
shire. He was, when only twenty-two years old, an ensign in Captain 
Moore's company, in Col. Stark's regiment at the battle of Breed's hill 
or Bunker's hill, June 17th, 1775, from whose cool and determined bra- 
very, on that day such astonishing havoc was made in the ranks of the 
British regulars. On that day, his uncle, the brave major Ax\drew 
M'Clary, fell, while attempting to rally his troops for a new attack. 
He was in the battle from beginning- to end. 

Levi Dearborn, born June 30, 1757, married September 11, 1781, 
Nancy, daughter of John Haven, Esq. of Exeter, brother of Rev. Dr. 
Haven, of Portsmouth. 



and flowed from him as naturally as his breath. Consequently he was the delight of 
the social circle, especially as his humor was governed by his amiability and kindness 
of heart, so that the feelings of his companions were never wounded by sarcasm or rid- 
icule. The Rev. Mr. Tompson, of Berwick, and another gentleman fell in company 
with Dr. Dearborn, while on a journey. All three were on horseback. Soon after 
joining company, the doctor's wit began to flow, and Mr. Tompson, in relating the 
story, remarked, that for miles together he kept them in such a roar of laughter, that it 
was almost impossible to retain their seats in the saddle ! This was the only time Mr. 
Thompson ever met with the Dr. but the interview was never forgotten. 

His generosity, like his wit, was without bounds. He not only gave to every one 
that asked of him, but he never passed by an apparently poor and distressed fellow 
creature, without bestowing alms. When admonished by some more prudent persons, 
that by such indiscriminate charity, he encouraged the vicious, he was won't to reply, 
"Should I give to ninety nine and refuse the hundredth, perhaps I should refuse the 
most necessitous and deserving of them all. If I give to every one, I shall be sure to 
hit the right." 

His practice, was very extensive and among the poor, nearly, and often times, quite 
gratuitous, and he experienced the truth of the scripture, " There is that scattereth, 
and yet increaseth," for notwithstanding his uncommon liberality, he left a large es- 
tate at his decease. As a physician he was eminent and his skill was so well known 
and so highly estimated, that he often had calls from sixty or seventy miles distance, 
and it must be borne in mind, that in those days there were no roads to accommodate 
any kind of wheel carriages, so that these journeys w r ere always performed on horse- 
back. Sometimes the person who came for the doctor from a great distance, would re- 
ceive relays of horses, so that the physician might reach the patient in the shortest pos- 
sible time. 

In his habits he was very methodical. In the winter season he always rose at four 
o'clock, and devoted the hours till breakfast time to study. In the summer he rose 
one hour earlier, at three, and spent the time in going over his large and excellent farm, 
seeing that every thing was done as it should be. He used to say, that could he secure 
four hours sleep in the twenty four it was all he required. 

He was a true patriot, and entered with all his heart into the revolutionary struggles. 
Here his liberality had a fine opportunity for exercise. The companies of soldiers who 
used to p;iss his house, were fed at his table or under the shade of his trees, and his 
own wants or those of his family were not thought of till theirs were supplied. In his 
person, Dr. Dearborn was of medium stature, finely made, with soft brown hair, blue 
eyes, and fair complexion. In his manners, gentlemanly and urbane." He never 
made any public profession of religion, other than that of a consistent Christian life. 

1 Frothingham's "Siege of Boston," 186, 187, Swett's history of Bunker Hill 
battle, p. 8, 30, 4, 5, 48, and Farmer's and Moore's Historical Collections, hi. p. 40 of 
the appendix. 



62 The Swetl Family. [Jan. 

Elizabeth, born September 11, 1760; married, May 30, 1789, James 
H. McClary, of the Epsom family. 

Benjamin, born May 21, 1770 ; married Sarah Pickering, of Green- 
land, October 1, 1790. 

Abigail, born March 10th, 1766 ; was married to the Hon. Judge 
Gookin, of Northampton, November 4th, 1787, by the Rev. Benjamin 
Thurston. 1 After Mrs. Dearborn's marriage to Judge White, and her con- 
sequent removal to South Hampton, Judge Gookin came into possession 
of the Dearborn estate, and there resided for several years, until his re- 
moval to the Win gate mansion, not far distant. Here the venerable 
John Wingate, 2 bowed down with age, esteemed and honored where- 
ever known, closed his pilgrimage, on the 4th of September, 1S02, in his 
88th year, having survived his sister Mrs. Gookin but three years. 
There is a good notice of him in " Alden's Epitaphs," number 572, and 
a beautiful tribute to his memory, from the pen of his grand niece 
" Eliza," is in the " South Literary Messenger," for April, 1841. 
When past seventy years of age, Judge Gookin and his wife removed to 
Saco, where he died, in the family of his son-in-law, Seth Storer, Esq., 
counsellor at law, September 4th, 1831, in his 76th year. Mrs. 
Gookin, also died at her son Storer's residence, in Scarborough, January 
9th, 1836. They both died of those unnamed diseases incident to old 
age, and are buried in the lot " Allon Bachuth," the family burial place 
of their son-in-law, James B. Thornton, Esq., in the cemetery on the 
eastern bank of the Saco. 

Judge Gookin, son of the Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, A. M., of North- 
Hampton, was a captain of the revolutionary army, and served during 
the whole war, councillor of New Hampshire, many years a judge 
of the court of Common Pleas, and afterward, of Probate, in Rockingham 
county, vice president of the Rockingham agricultural society, and one of 
the original members of the American Cincinnati, as of the New Hamp- 
shire branch. He was a man of dignity, honor, and usefulness. 

More than eight years since the writer of this memoir, received the 
larger portion of the facts it contains, from the Rev. Jonathan French, 
D. D., of Northampton, and the hallowed and happy associations with 
which it has been compiled, are, in part, developed by the following pas- 
sage, from one of the epistles of this almost apostolic pastor and friend 
of four generations of the family. He says " although I have not been 
able to answer all your inquiries, it will be some satisfaction to you to 
know that the failure has not been owing to neglect. Since I wrote to 
you a week or more ago, I have devoted almost my whole time to this 
subject, and I shall not feel that it has been time misemployed, if the re- 
sult shall afford some gratification to the son of a much loved lamb of 
my flock, and the grandson of my kind, constant and much esteemed 
friends, her parents." 

1 It was during Mr. Thurston's ministry that the records of the North Hampton 
church were with unpardonable carelessness scattered and destroyed, only a remnant 
remaining. 

2 Judge Gookin's only son, John Wingate Gookin, Esq., was a captain in the U. S. 
army in the last war with Great Britain, and in active service on the Western frontier. 
He is now resident in North Yarmouth, in Cumberland, for which county he is a mag- 
istrate. 



1852.] Will of Mojo?- Andri. 63 

WILL OF MAJOR ANDRE. 

[Communicated by Sylvester Judd, Esq.] 

" The following is my last Will and Testament, and I appoint as Ex- 
ecutors thereto, Mary Louisa Andre, my Mother; David Andre, my Un- 
cle ; Andrew Girardot, my Uncle ; John Lewis Andre, my Uncle. To 
each of the above Executors I give Fifty Pounds. I give to Mary Han- 
nah Andre, my Sister, Seven Hundred Pounds. I give to Ann Mar- 
guerite Andre, my Sister, Seven Hundred Pounds. I give to Louisa 
Katherine Andre, my Sister, Seven Hundred Pounds. I give to William 
Lewis Andre, my Brother, Seven Hundred Pounds. But the Conditions, 
on which I give the above mentioned Sums to my four said sisters and 
brother, are that each of them shall pay to Mary Louisa Andre, my 
Mother, the Sum of Ten Pounds yearly during her Life. I give to 
Walter Ewer, Jun'r, of Dyer's Court, Aldermanbury, One Hundred 
Pounds. I give to John Ewer, Jun'r, of Lincoln's Inn, One Hundred 
Pounds. I desire a Ring, value Fifty Pounds, to be given to my Friend, 
Peter Boissier, of the Eleventh Dragoons. I desire that Walter Ewer, 
Jr., of Dyer's Court, Aldermanbury, have the Inspection of my Papers, 
Letters, Manuscripts ; I mean that he have the first inspection of them, 
with Liberty to destroy or detain whatever he thinks proper. And I de- 
sire my Watch be given to him. And I lastly give and bequeath to my 
Brother, John Lewis Andre, the residue of all my effects whatsoever. 
Witness my Hand and Seal, Staten Island, in the Province of N. York, 
N. America, the 7th June, 1777. 

JOHN ANDRE, Captn. in 26tk Regt. of Foot. 

N. B. The currency alluded to in this will is sterling money of Great 
Britain. I desire nothing more than my wearing apparel be sold by 
public auction. J. A. " 

REMARKS. 

There were no witnesses to the will, and it could not be proved, but 
on the 9th of October, 1780 — Henry White and William Seaton, Esqrs. 
both of the city of New York, appeared before Cary Ludlow, surrogate 
of the city, &c. and declared that they were well acquainted with the 
hand writing of John Andre, formerly Capt. of the 26th Regiment, and 
since Adjutant-General, deceased, and they believed that the before- 
written instrument, purporting to be his last will and testament, was his 
own and proper hand writing. Their declaration (here abridged) is 
signed by Cary Ludlow, Surr. 

The e in Andre is not mute, but is accented wherever the name is 
used in the will. It is presumed that our common pronunciation of this 
surname is different from that of Major Andre and his friends. It is 
written as the French write our baptismal name, Andrew. Major 
Andre's father was a native of Geneva. 



The following record of the license for marriage, granted to Capt. 
Kidd, the pirate, is in the surrogate's office at New York : — 

" A Lycense of marriage granted unto Capt. William Kidd, of New 
York, Gentl. of the one part, and Sarah Oort, the widow of John Oort, 
late of New York, Merchant, deceased, the 16 day of May, 1691." 
[Possibly Oort is intended for Wort.] 



64 Ipswich Grammar School Jan. 



IPSWICH GRAMMAR SCHOOL. 

Extract from an Address delivered on the Tico Hundredth Anniversary 
of the foundation of the Grammar School in Ipswich, instituted Jan'y 
11—21, A. D. 1650—51. 

BY ABRAHAM HAMMATT, ESQ. 

Note. — The dates are given in accordance with the styles in use at the time when the 
events occurred. 

a 



To this deep sense of duty in our forefathers, we owe 

the distinction and the glory of New England, our free public 
schools, among the earliest of which was that, the two hun- 
dredth anniversary of whose foundation we are now met, to com- 
memorate. 

It appears from our records, " that there was a Grammar school 
set up in Ipswich, in y e year 1636," three years after John Win- 
throp, the younger, with his twelve companions, commenced a set- 
tlement in this place. This school was, probably, not a free school, 
according to our acceptation of the expression, as there does not 
appear to have been any public provision made for its support. It 
was kept by Lionel Chute, who died in 1644 ; after which event, 
there does not appear to have been any public school until the 
establishment of this institution. To the benevolence and personal 
exertions of Robert Payne, aided by his brother William Payne, 
William Hubbard, and a few others, we are indebted for the en- 
dowment of this establishment. 

In the preamble to the deed by which Robert Payne conveys to 
the Feoffees, the land, on part of which the School-house now 
stands, and from the product of which most of the income of the 
institution is now derived, the principal circumstances connected 
with its foundation, are thus related. 

"Whereas, after several overtures, and endeavors among y e in- 
habitants of s d Ipswich, for settling a Grammar School in that 
place it was proffered by y e s d Robest — That he would erect 
an edifice for such a purpose, Provided it might be put into y e 
hands of certain discreet and faithful persons of y e s d Town, and 
their successors, which himself should nominate to be ordered and 
managed by them as Feoffees, in trust for that end, and their suc- 
cessors forever. Provided also that y e Town or any particular in- 
habitants of y e Town would devote sett apart and give any land 
or other anuity for y e yearly maintenance of such one as should be 
fitt to keep a Grammar School. And whereas s d Town of Ipswich 
at a publick meeting of y e inhabitants January 11, 1650, Granted 
all that Neck beyond Chebacco River, & the rest of the ground 
(up to Glocester line) adjoining to it to y e s d Robert Payne and 
William Payne, to whom by y e desire and consent of ; v e s d Town, 
att y e same time were added Maj. Denison & William Barthoi- 
mew for y e use of a school." " And also y e inhabitants of s d Ips- 
wich att a publick meeting, Jan. 26, 1650, did add five more, viz. 



IS52.J Ipswich Grammar School. 65 

Mr. Symonds, Mr. Nathaniel Rogers, Mr. John Norton, Mr. Wil- 
liam Hubbard and Deacon John Whipple." "And that y e s d Rob- 
ert did in y e year following, viz., 1652, purchase an house with 
two acres of land belonging to it more or less for the use of y c 
schoolmaster, and did likewise in y e succeeding year, 1653, att his 
own proper cost and charge build an edifice for a Grammar School 
which was erected upon a part of y c land so purchased.'' 

It appears, also, from our records that " Mr. AVilliam Hubbard 
gave about an Acre of Land adjoining to y e said schoolmasters 
house about y e same time." 

William Payne gave the island at the mouth of our river called 
the "Little Neck." Mr. John Cross, in December, 1650, secured 
on his farm near Rowley, the payment of "ten shillings yearly, to- 
wards a free school ;" and in his will, made about the same time, 
he bequeaths to his daughter, Susanna, who appears to have been 
his only child, his farm and other property, with one hundred 
pounds, after his wife's decease, to which bequest he adds this con- 
dition. " But in case my said daughter doth depart this life with- 
out issue leaving behind her, then my will is to give the said hun- 
dred pounds to the Town of Ipswich to remain towards the main- 
tenance of a free school, forever. The which is to be ordered and 
disposed of by the officers of the Church of Ipswich, for the said 
work." The contingency here contemplated did not happen. The 
daughter married and removed from Ipswich. In 1706 Thomas 
Hammond, her son, returned and took possession of the Farm, and 
other property, " being the only heir of his grandfather John Cross." 

Robert Payne, the principal benefactor, and the founder of this 
school was one of the wealthiest of the early settlers of this town. 
In a subscription by one hundred and fifty-five of the inhabitants 
in 1648, by which they enter into an engagement with Major Denison 
to pay him a certain sum annually " to encourage him in his mili- 
tary helpfulness," the sum subscribed by him is the greatest on the 
list. He was a " ruling elder " of the church, an officer ranking in 
dignity between the minister and deacon. He was representative 
of the town three years, 1647, 8-9 ; county Treasurer from 1665 
to 1683, when he resigned the office. He died in 1684, aged 
eighty-three years. He left two sons, John and Robert, both of 
whom were Feoffees of this institution. 

William Payne, probably, brother of Robert, seems to have pos- 
sessed considerable property, and to have been active in enterpri- 
ses calculated to promote the public welfare. He removed to Bos- 
ton about 1656, where he died, October 10, 1660. Besides his 
liberal bequest to this institution, he gave twenty pounds to Har- 
vard College. 

William Hubbard, the other original benefactor of this institu- 
tion, came to Boston in 1630, and settled in this town, in 1635. He 
was deputy to the General Court six years between 1638 and 1646. 
He was in 1651 commissioned by the General Court to " marry 
poeple ;" clergymen in that age not being allowed to perform the 
marriage ceremony. He removed to Boston, in 1662, where he 
died in the summer of 1670. He left a large property to his child- 

8 



66 Ipswich Grammar School. [Jan. 

ren, two of whom, Richard and William the historian, were Feof- 
fees of this school. 

Of the other original Feoffees, Daniel Denison and Samuel Sy- 
monds are designated on the town records, as "our two honoured 
magistrates." 

Daniel Denison, son of William Denison, of Roxbury, was born 
about 1612, admitted a freeman at Boston, April 1, 1634. This 
town granted to him, October 12, 1643, under the title of " Cap- 
tain," " two hundred acres of land for his better encouragement to 
settle amongst us." He was admitted a commoner by vote of the 
town, February 28, 1644.. He had, probably, been in military 
service, for we find the inhabitants, by voluntary subscription, en- 
gage " to allow him twenty-four pounds seven shillings yearly, so 
long as he shall be their leader, to encourage him in his military 
helpfulness." He rose to great distinction in the colony ; was a 
member of the House of Representatives many years, and Speaker, 
1649-52. He was appointed by the General Court, "Major Gen- 
eral," which was the title of the Military Commander in Chief of 
the Colony. In 1658 he had granted to him " one quarter of Block 
Island, for his great pains in revising, correcting, and transcribing 
the Colony laws." Our old " burying-place," witnesses that his 
posterity, to the fifth generation, deemed it an honor worth record- 
ing on their grave-stones, that they were descended from so distin- 
guished a man. 

The other "honoured magestrate," Samuel Symonds, it is said 
was " barrister, of law in England, and descended from an ancient 
and honorable family, in Yieldham, in Essex, where he had a good 
estate. He purchased, September 3, 1637, of Mr. Henry Sewall, 
a dwelling house which stood near where the female academy 
now stands, with about three acres of land. This property de- 
scended, through Daniel Epes, his son-in-law, to Symonds Epes, 
his grandson, from whom it descended to Edward Eveleth, who 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Symonds Epes and great-grand- 
daughter to Samuel Symonds. He kept the house in town for oc- 
casional residence, but usually resided on his large and valuable 
farm which he called " Argilla," and which has given name to 
one of our school districts. He was representative from 1638 to 
1643 when he was elected one of the " magistrates " or "assist- 
tants," which office he sustained thirty years, when, in 1673 he 
was chosen "deputy governor," in which office he remained un- 
til his decease in 1678. In addition to his various and distin- 
guished offices he did not disdain to be clerk of the Feoffees of this 
school, the earliest records of which are in his handwriting. 

William Bartholmew was employed in several offices of trust, 
such as town clerk, county treasurer, deputy to the General Court 
and Feoffee of this school, between 1634 and 1656, when he re- 
moved to Boston. 

Elder John Whipple was a commoner of Ipswich in 1641. He 
was deacon and afterwards ruling elder of the church, and was 
deputy to the General Court eight years between 1640 and 1653. 
He died June 30, 1669. 

Of the clergymen, Nathaniel Rogers and John Norton, who be- 



1 852. | Ipswich Grammar School. 67 

longed to the first board of Feoffees, the histories are so well known, 
or are of so easy access, that it is not necessary for me to attempt 
to give any information. 

These were remarkable men, and they lived in an age distin- 
guished above all others in the history of Europe for the produc- 
tion of remarkable men. Some of the founders and patrons of 
this school may have had there Latin whipped into them by John 
Milton; some of them, in their unregenerate days, may have 
heard William Shakespeare "warble his native wood notes," and 
some of them, undoubtedly, had looked on and wondered at the 
great antithesis Francis Bacon. 

Our town records exhibit some striking examples of the sacrifices 
our fathers made in the cause of education, — such as this. — "In 
pursuance of the order of the Gen 11 Court, Octob. 15, 1679, about 
those that are behind paying what they subscribed to the new 
building for the Coledge at Cambridge, have appointed Na- 
thaniel Rust to demand the same of such as live on the south side 
of the river and Simon Stace to demand it of such as live on the 
north side." — " 1680, Feb. 7. Simon Stace and Nathaniel Rust 
brought in an account of nineteen pounds fifteen shillings in com 
and malt put aboard of John Dutch his sloop, and brought a re- 
ceipt under the hand of Mr. John Woodmansie who was to recieve 
it by order of Mr. William Manning of Cambridge of seventy 
eight bushells and half of indian corn, and thirty bushells and 
three pecks of malt and this was in April the 20, 1680." 

Here we see this sincere, earnest people sparing from their scanty 
crops a portion of their coarse food and from their few comforts, 
that which might contribute to make their humble beverage pal- 
atable — coffee and tea in those days were not — for a purpose which 
many in this our utilitarian age consider a useless extravagance, a 
classical education. Our forefathers knew better. They knew, 
— the unlearned as well as the better instructed, — that education 
does not spring from the ground upwards, but like all intelligence 
it descends from above. They knew, that to prepare the people 
in the busy walks of life to pursue their avocations with profit to 
themselves and benefit to the community — to know their rights 
and to be ready to defend them, there must be a portion of the 
poeple highly instructed, to be the guides and teachers of others. 

After the removal to Boston of Mr. Norton, Mr. William Payne 
and Mr. Hubbard, and the decease of Mr. Rogers, the inhabitants 
of the town, in town meeting in 1661, nominated the Rev. Thomas 
Cobbett, Mr. William Hubbard, son of the first William, and Mr. 
John Rogers, son of Nathaniel, afterwards President of Harvard 
College ; Mr. Robert Payne on his. part nominated his son John 
Payne, and after the removal of Mr. Bartholomew, Capt. John 
Appleton to succeed them, which persons, as the record expresses 
it, "y e former committee did approve and accept." There was 
added to the number in 1664, Richard Hubbard son of the first 
William Hubbard. The board at this time consisted of ten per- 
sons, and such vacancies as occurred after 1661, seem to have 
been filled by the remaining members without any interference of 
the town. After the decease of Robert Payne the younger, there 
appears to have been never more than nine members of the board. 



68 Ipswich Grammar School. [Jan. 

Elder Whipple, dying in 1670, was succeeded by his son Capt. 
John Whipple. On the decease of General Denison in 1682 ; of 
Mr. Richard Hubbard in the same year, and of Capt. John Whip- 
ple in 1683, their places were supplied by Major Samuel Appleton, 
Mr. Daniel Epes and John Appleton, jun r who "were added to y e 
number of y e Feoffees, October 4, 1683, by y e rest of y e members 
then present." 

Col. Thomas Wade was chosen to succeed the Rev. President 
John Rogers who died at Cambridge, in 1684. 

After the decease of Mr. John Payne, in 1667; of Mr. Symonds, 
in 1678 ; of Mr. Robert Payne, the founder of the school and the 
last survivor of the original Feoffees, in 1684, and of the Rev. Mr. 
Cobbett in 1685, there were appointed to succeed them, Robert 
Payne junior, in 1678 ; the Rev. John Rogers, son of the Presi- 
dent, and Samuel Appleton, son of Major Appleton, May 22, 1690, 
and Cornet John Whipple, April 4, 1695. 

Col. Samuel Appleton died in 1692; Capt. Daniel Epes, in 
1693; Col. Thomas Wade, in 1696, and Capt. John Appleton in 
1699. They were succeeded by Col. John Wainwright, Major 
Francis Wainwright and Major Symonds Epes. 

The Rev. Jabez Fitch succeeded the Rev. William Hubbard 
who died in 1704. 

Col. John Wainwright died in 1708, and Major Francis Wain- 
wright in 1711. They were succeeded by Doctor John Bridgham 
and Mr. Jonathan Wade. 

Doctor Bridgham died in 1721 ; Mr. Daniel Rogers, the former 
schoolmaster, and John Denison Esquire were appointed February 
13, 1721-2. 

The first master of this school was Ezekiel Cheever. He kept 
the school, from its institution in 1650, ten years, when he removed 
to Charlestown and afterwards to Boston, where he became the 
master of the justly celebrated "Boston Latin School." He built 
a barn and planted an orchard, which, on his removal were pur- 
chased by the Feoffees and added to the property of the institution. 
Of him and another distinguished schoolmaster it is said, in the 
"uncouth rhymes " of a cotemporary, 

" Tis Corlet's pains, and Cheever's we must own, 
That thou, New-England, art not Sythia grown." 

He came to New England in 1637 and died in Boston August 25, 
1708, having attained the great age of ninety-three years; having 
been born in London, January 21, 1615. 

In six years from the opening of the school, there were six 
young men, from this town, pursuing at the same time their 
studies at Harvard College ; all of them, undoubtedly, pupils of 
Mr. Cheever; a greater number than have been graduated from 
all the colleges during the last fifteen years. The names of these 
young gentlemen were Robert Payne, son of the founder of the 
school, afterwards one of the Feoffees ; John Emerson, son of 
Thomas Emerson, who became the minister of Gloucester ; Na- 
thaniel Saltonstall, afterwards minister of Haverhill, son of Rich- 
ard Saltonstall, of whom, and of Ipswich, it is glory enough to 



1 852. J Ipswich Grammar School. 69 

have it remembered that he, when one of the executive govern- 
ment of the Province, was the first to enter a protest against the 
enormities of the African slave trade ; (see Savage's Winthrop, II 
243,) Ezekiel Rogers, son of the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers; Samuel 
Cheever ; probably, son of the teacher ; Samuel Belcher, son of 
Jeremy Belcher, who was many years a preacher at the Isles of 
Shoals and afterwards at Newbury. Besides these there went to 
Harvard College from this school while under Mr. Cheever' s in- 
struction, William Whittingham, son of John Whittingham; Sam- 
uel Cobbett, son of the Rev. Thomas Cobbett, and Samuel Sy- 
monds, son of the deputy governor. 

The successor of Mr. Cheever was Mr. Thomas Andrews, who 
kept the school from August 1, 1660, twenty-three years, during 
which time there went from Ipswich to Harvard College, Samuel 
Bishop, probably, son of Thomas Bishop; Samuel Epes and Dan- 
iel Epes, sons of Capt. Daniel Epes, one of the Feoffees ; John 
Norton, son of William, brother of the Rev. John Norton; John 
Rogers, son of the President, for many years the minister of this 
town and one of the Feoffees of this institution; John Denison, 
son of John and grandson of General Daniel Denison, who was 
elected pastor of the Ipswich Church, April 5, 1686, but was not 
ordained. He died, in the twenty-fourth year of his age, Septem- 
ber 14, 1689 ; Francis Wainwright, son of Francis, and Daniel 
Rogers, son of President Rogers, who was for many years master 
of this school. Mr. Andrews died July 10, 1683, and left a con- 
siderable personal property to his relatives. He seems to have 
left no children and was probably never married. 

On the decease of Mr. Andrews Mr Noadiah Russell of Cam- 
bridge was appointed master, October 31, 1683. He was graduated 
at Harvard College in 1681, and kept the school until February 
26, 1686-7, when he resigned "having a call to go to Charlestown 
and South." 

The next master was Mr. Daniel Rogers, son of President Rog- 
ers. He was graduated at Harvard College in 1686, and probably 
took charge of the school in 1687. I find on the records no indi- 
cation of the time when he first took upon himself the charge or 
when he relinquished it; but, there being no mention of any other 
master from 1687 to 1715, he probably, filled the office during that 
period. It appears from a record, partly obliterated, that a new 
schoolhouse had been built at the expense of the town about the 
year 1704. The legible part of the record is in these words. — "At 
a meeting of y e Feoffees in y e new schoolhouse. * * * * * 
Mr. Robert Payne in behalf of y e rest having recvd * * * * 
Schoolhouse from the Comittee of the Town did in y c Name of the 
rest deliver y c same to Mr. Daniel Rogers the Schoolmaster desir- 
ing him to remove thither as soon as he could with convenience 
* * * » The date of this record is obliterated, but, as at the 
same meeting the Rev. Mr. Fitch was appointed to fill the vacancy 
occasioned by the death of the Rev. Mr. Hubbard, who died Sep- 
tember 14, 1704, it was, probably, not long after that time, Major 
Francis Wainwright, his classmate at College and fellow pupil at 
this school, in his will, dated August 2, 1711, bequeaths a legacy 
to his "good friend Daniel Rogers schoolmaster." 



70 Ipswkh Grammar School. [Jan. 

Fifteen young men from this town, most of whom were proba- 
bly his pupils entered Harvard College while this school was under 
his instruction. They were John Wade, son of Col. Thomas 
Wade, who became the minister of Berwick, in the Province of 
Maine ; Francis Goodhue, son of Deacon William Goodhue, who 
was the minister of Jamaica, on Long Island, and died at Reho- 
both when on his way to visit his native town, September 15, 
1707 ; Jeremiah Wise and Henry Wise, sons of the Rev. John 
Wise, minister of Chebacco parish. Henry was for many years 
master of this school and afterwards became a merchant ; John 
Perkins, son of Abraham Perkins, who first settled as a physician 
in Ipswich, but afterwards removed to Boston ; William Burnham, 
a minister; Benjamin Choate, son of John Choate, who became 
the minister of Kingston in New Hampshire; Francis Wainwright 
and John Wainwright, sons of Col. John Wainwright, the wealth- 
iest and most distinguished merchant of this town; John Denison, 
son of the Rev. John Denison, who filled several important offices 
and attained high distinction. In the old " burying place" there 
is a tombstone, having a coat of arms sculptured, with a long in- 
scription in latin nearly obliterated, which was erected to the 
memory of this gentleman. It records that he was great-grandson 
(" proncpos ") to both the Honorable Daniel Denison and the 
Honorable Richard Salstonstall ; Nathaniel Appleton, son of Col. 
John Appleton, who became the distinguished minister of Cam- 
bridge ; Francis Cogswell, son of Jonathan Cogswell, who trans- 
acted business and acquired wealth as a merchant in this town. 

Mr. Rogers is by several writers said to have been a physician, 1 
but I know not on what authority. I find no where applied to 
him the title usually given to gentlemen of the medical profession. 
In the assignment of pew sand seats in the meeting-house, then re- 
cently built, in 1700, places are appointed to "Doctor Bridgham," 
" Doctor Deane," " Doctor Perkins," and to "Mr. Daniel Rogers." 
Had Mr. Rogers been a physician, he undoubtedly would have 
received the same title as his brethren of the profession. We have 
seen that his friend, Major Wainwright, in 1711, gives him the 
title of " schoolmaster." The mistake probably arose from tradi- 
tions confounding him, as is not unusual, with another; his 
nephew, Samuel Rogers, was a physician. His death was re- 
markable. Returning from Portsmouth on horseback, the first 
day of December, 1722, in a violent snow storm, crossing Hampton 
marshes, he lost his way and perished from cold. On his grave- 
stone in the old "burying place," may be read these lines which 
appear to refer to the manner of his death: 

"Turbidus ad Laetos Solari Lumine Portus 
Solicitos Nautas per mare fert Aquiio ; 
Me Borealis Agens Nitidum super /Etheris Axeni 
Justiciae Solis Luce beavit 2 Hyems." 

The sentiment is this. The angry north wind drives the anxious 
mariners, by the light of the sun, through the sea, to their wished 

1 He is so called in Winthrop's Mss. of Harvard Graduates. 

2 Beavit means " has blessed." 



1852.] Ipswich Grammar School 71 

for ports; so the furious wintry tempest carries me, by the light of 
the sun of righteousness, to the blessed regions beyond the stars. 

Mr. Rogers was, without doubt, an estimable man. He sus- 
tained a high rank in society when the word had an intelligible 
meaning. Besides, being the master of this school, he held the 
offices of town clerk and register of probate for many years ; but, 
regard for the truth of history obliges me to add he is entitled to 
the unenviable distinction of being the worst scribe that ever had 
the custody of our records. He was careless, incorrect, and his 
handwriting is frequently illegible. The wearied and vexed 
searcher into these abused volumes feels quite relieved when he 
comes to the end of this good man's labors and is not disposed to 
quarrel with the " Borealis Hyems " that translated him ''super 
iEtheris Axem." 

Eighty years after this event I remember passing over the same 
marshes in the mail stage coach. It was a winter night ; the tide 
was up and the marshes and road were covered by the sea. Some 
poles, rising a few feet above the surface of the water, indicated 
the course of the sub-marine post road. What a change! — now 
with a flash and a whistle we shoot across the State of New 
Hampshire, from Massachusetts to Maine, in less time than it took 
us fifty years ago, to grope our way over a few acres of salt 
marsh. 

Ebenezer Gay, who was graduated at Harvard College in 1714, 
kept the school one year, 1715. He is well remembered by many 
of the more aged people of the "old colony' 1 ' as the celebrated 
Dr. Gay, minister of Hingham, where his useful life was protracted 
until he attained the age of nearly an hundred years. 

Thomas Norton kept the school in 1716. He was a deacon of 
the church and died July 13, 1744, in the seventy-first year of his 
age. He was father of Thomas Norton, junior, who was grad- 
uated at Harvard College in 1725, and was teacher of this school 
ten years, 1729-39, while the school was under the direction of 
the selectmen. 

Benjamin Crocker began his work as a teacher of the school, 
June 4, 1717, which he kept until November, 1719. Long after- 
wards, in 1746-47, and again in 1759-60, he kept the school four 
years. He was appointed a Feoffee in 1749, which office he held 
until his removal from Ipswich in 1764. He was father of Deacon 
John Crocker, who is remembered by the elderly portion of the 
present generation. Besides school-keeping it seems he preached 
occasionally. He received of the town treasurer, April 17, 1726, 
"one pound for preaching one sabb. day." He was graduated at 
Harvard College in 1713. 

Thus the school continued to flourish and to receive the support 
of the principal inhabitants until near the close of the first century 
of our town's history. The fathers had passed away and also the 
sons who had enjoyed the benefits of their example and instruc- 
tion. A generation succeeded less deeply impressed with the im- 
portance of their duties to posterity and the dark age of New Eng- 
land succeeded. This school felt its effect. For twenty-seven 
years there is no recorded act of the Feoffees. 

[To be continued.] 



72 



Samuel SewaVs Diary. 



[Jan. 



SAMUEL SEWAL'S DIARY. 



Memoranda extracted from Judge Samuel Sewal's Diary. 

Harvard College, 1671. 



He graduated at 



1685. 
March 25. 
26. 

Ap. 20. 

May 1. 

11. 

June 8. 

13. 

July 4. 

5. 



Aug. 



Sep. 



8. 
14. 
17. 
26. 
27. 

3. 

3. 
18. 
22. 



28. 
Oct. 16. 

15. 
22. 
31. 

Nov. 3. 



30. 
Dec. 9. 

16. 

18. 

1686. 
Jan. 22. 
Feb. 3. 
March 11. 

28. 



Major Bordman ob. He had been college cook a long time. 

Chh. gathered at Sherburn, and Daniel Gookin, ordained. 

Father Sweet buried. 

Father Town buried at Cambridge. 

Deacon Parks ob. and Goodman Woodward of Dedham, fa- 
ther to the minister. 13th. Rev. Cotton Mather ord. 

Rev. Thomas Sheppard of Charleston, ob. He was or- 
dained May 5, 16S0. 

Cap. Benjamin Gillum buried. 

Isaac Woode dies suddenly. 

Mr. Sherman the father taken delirous in Sudbury pulpit. 

Mr. Samuel Epps died in London in April 1685. 

Rev. Mr. John Sherman dies, suddenly. 

Funeral of Mr. Daniel Allen's young son. 

Rev. William Adams of Dedham died. 

Capt. Condy died. 

Rev. Thomas Bayley, preached for Mr. Mather. 

Ensign Asaph Eliot died ae. 34. 

Mr. John Bayley preached the lecture. 

Part of Cambridge bridge carried away by a raft ; high tides. 

Mrs. Shove dies. 

Mr. Henry Higginson dies in West Indies of small pox. 

Mrs. Stanbury buried. 

Rev. Michael Wigglesworth chosen to preach the next 
election sermon. 

Capt. Henchman died at Worcester. 

Mr. Nowell chosen province treasurer. 

Mrs. Prout the mother is buried. 

James Bigelow and Stebbins of Watertown fined for insult- 
ing Lt. Gov. Stoughton and Dudley. 

Rev. Nathl. Chauncy of Hatfield died. 

Rev. Thomas Cobbet of died. 

Cap. Berry for Jamaica, died at sea. 

Lady Alicia Lisle, Mr. Hezekiah Usher's mother beheaded, 
at Winchester, Sep. 2, 1685. 

Total eclipse of the moon. 

Gamaliel Wait died suddenly, se. 87. Lately had several 
new teeth. Neighbour to Judge Sewal. 

Church gathered at Dunstable and Rev. Thomas Weld, ord. 

Father John Odlin dies ; one of the first inhabitants of Bos- 
ton. The oldest save the Governour. 

Joseph Redknap died at Lynn aged about 110. 

Ensign Henry Phillips buried. 

James Morgan executed for murder of Joseph Johnson. 

Letter rec'd from Maiden, directed to the chh in Boston, 
desiring counsel respecting their pastor (Mr. Thomas 
Cheever) who is charged with scandalous immoralities 
for which he hath not given satisfaction. 



1852.] Samuel jSeioalFs Diary. 73 

April 2. Mr. Thomas Thatcher dies. 
7. Council at Maiden held. 
19. Mr. Seaborn Cotton dies. 

There was a Stephen Jaques lived at Newbury. 
May 4. Rev. Cotton Mather married Mrs. Margaret Phillips. 

14. Elder Humphreys of Dorchester, buried. 
July 2. Widow Chauncy dies, and buried at Roxbury. 
12. Mr. Thomas Kellond dies. 

25. Mr. John Bayley preaches his farewell sermon and goes, the 
28th, to Watertown. 
Aug. 22. Mr. Lee the minister arrives from England. 
Sept. 15. Mr. David Jeffries marries Miss Betty Usher, by Mr. Rat- 
clif, Epis. 

24. Capt. (Adam) Winthrop and Lieut. Thomas Savage, ap- 

pointed officers of Castle William. 
28. Mr. Edward Grove dies. 
Oct. 6. Mr. Bayley ord. at Watertown. 7th. Deacon Bright, hurt 
by his cart, dies. He was the only officer in Watertown 
ch. Mr. Bayley not ordained as congregational men are. 

19. John Hunt marries Ruth Quincy at Braintree. 
Nov. 5. Mr. (Charles) Morton, ordained at Charlestown. 

23. Mr. James Whetcomb dies. 
Dec. 12. Clutterbuck arrives (from England) and brings news of 
Capt. Jenner's death, wido. Winsley's son. 

20. Gov r . Sir Edmond Andross arrives at Boston. 
1687. 

Feb. 1. Mrs. Luscomb dies. 

25. Mr. Elijah Corlet, schoolmaster at Cambridge dies. 
Mar. 10. Mrs. Margery Flint dies at Brantree. 

14. Capt. Thaxter of Hingham sinks down and dies. 

15. Mrs. Ballard, Mr. Lee's sister, dies suddenly. 

16. Mr. Anthony Stoddard dies, was the ancientest shopkeeper 

in town. 

17. Father East dies, ae 94. 18th. Dr. William Avery dies. 

19. Maj. Gen. Daniel Gookin dies. "A right good man." 

20. Dr. Stone and Abram Bushby die. 

22. Mrs. Eliot of Roxbury dies. Now about, Goodman Francis, 

an ancient and goodman indeed, of Cambridge dies. 

25. Mrs. Nowell, wido. of Increase N. a patentee, Saml. Nowell 

Esqr's mother dies, ae. 84. 

26. Eliz a Scot, a good ancient virgin, is buried at Boston. 
April 21. Mr. George Shove dies; father of Seth Shove, perhaps of 

Taunton. 
May 16. Capt. Walker, a very aged planter, buried at Lynn. 

23. Mrs, Bowls died. 29. Robert Walker dies, a very good man. 
Miss Long buried at Charlestown. 

June 8. Court sessions held at Boston ; Thomas Dudley, clerk. 
July 13. Mrs. Eyre, Jno. Eyre's mother dies ; and John Davis, a 
hopeful young man. 

15. Andrew Bordman, steward and cook of H. Coll. buried. 
Aug. 9. Capt. Gerrish, of Boston, dies at Salem. 

16. Elder Wiswall dies, se. 86. Wobum church under much 

disquiet. 

Note. — Though the person, who made these extracts, spelt the author's surname 
with but ©ne /, yet it is now spelt with two. 

9 



Sept. 


12. 




30. 


Oct. 


15. 


Nov. 


21. 


Dec. 


2. 


1688. 


Feb. 






29. 


March 14. 


April 


1. 

4. 


May 


25. 
25. 




13. 




19. 


July 
Oct. 


4. 
5. 



74 Samuet SewalVs Diary. [Jan. 

Mr. John Alden, the antient magistrate, of Plymouth died. 

Mrs. Rawlings buried. 

Mr. Benjamin Eliot (apostle's son) died. 

Simon Lynde, Esq. justice, &c. dies. 

Mr. John Hayward dies. 

Aunt Gerrish dies (i. e. Judge Sewall's aunt.) 

Miss Foster is buried and Mr. Giles Masters, the king's at- 
torney, dies. Mr. West's only child buried. 

Mrs. Downs (Mr. Eliot's sister) dies of convulsions. 

Father Beal, of Hingham, dies, se. 100. 

Saml. Marion's wife hangs herself in the garret. 

Mrs. Eliz. Greenough, Elder Rainsford's daughter, buried. 

Col. Peter Bulkley, of Concord, dies. A councillor and 
judge. June 11. Major Luscomb dies. 

Goodw. Moss of Newbury, dead and buried. 

Rev. Mr. Brock, of Reading, buried. 

Rev. W. Hubbard, presided at commence. 11 mast, no batch. 

Mrs Angier of Cambridge, buried. She was sister to Miss 
Toppan of Newbury. 
17. Mr. Nehemiah Walter, ordained at Roxbury. 

Mr. Nathl. Mather, dies at Salem. 

Church gathered and Mr. John Williams ord. at Deerfield. 
19. Mr. Isaac Walker dies. 31. Mrs. Gookin buried at Camb. 
Nov. 8. Capt. Thomas Smith, dies. 16. Widow Glover is hanged. 

22. Sailed from Boston and landed at Dover, Jan. 13, 1689. 
Sailed from Plimo. (Eng.) Oct. 10, landed at Piscataqua, 

Nov. 29, 1689, at Great Island. 
1690. 
April 2. Father Dana falls from his scaffold and dies. 

4. One Pond, of Dorchester, died suddenly. 
May 5. John Alcock of Roxbury dies. 

21. Mr. Eliot of Roxbury dies. 
June 14. Mrs. Winthrop, dies of the small pox, (Mary.) 

24. Joseph Parsons, only child William, dies of small pox. 
July 4. Mr. Edward Tyng's wife buried. Mrs. Parsons dies. 

14. Mrs. Rebecca Taylor dies. 16. Mrs. Green, y e printer's ux. 
dies. Aug. 25. Nathl. Clarke, of Newbury, dies. 
Sept. 9. Widow Jane Pole, died at River house, in Boston. 
Oct. 7. Mrs. Cooke died, ae. 75. 19. Mrs. Goose dies. 

Mrs. Judith Winthrop conveyed the land for the old South 
church. Nov. 22. Major Samuel Ward, buried. 
Dec. 2. Lieut. Ephraim Sales, dies. 

3. Church gathered at Lancaster and Mr. John Whiting, ord. 
17. Doctor John Clarke, physician, dies. 

23. Mr. Pain, of old South church, dies, ae. 68. 
1691. 

Jan. 2. Eliezer Russell, buried. Josiah Grice, d. Mrs. Ruck bur. 

24. Mr. Dudley and Mr. Brenton arrive from England ; the lat- 

ter appointed collector, surveyor and searcher. 
Feb. 2. Capt. Roger Clap, dies, ae. 86. 

3. Capt. Johnson dies, ae. between 86 and 90. 
Aug. 23. Rev. John Wilson, of Medfield, dies, ae. 70. 

25. Saml. Toppan, of Newbury, dies of small pox. Mr. Shove 

schoolmaster at Newbury, prayed with him. 
Sept. 1. Goodwife Luxford (Camb.) buried, and deacon Cooper. 



1852.J 



Samuel Sewall's Diary. 



75 



Nov. 


1 


1692. 


Jan. 


2 


Feb. 


12 


March ] 




23 


April 


13 


Aug. 


16 


Sept. 


1 


Nov. 


21 


1693. 


July 


24 




26. 


Aug. 


6 



14. 

16. 

Sept. 25. 

Oct. 7. 

Nov. 29. 

Dec. 20. 

22. 

1694. 

Jan. 7. 

19. 

23. 

24. 

2. 

26. 

1. 



Feb. 
April 
May 
Oct. 

Dec. 



5. 

17. 

22. 
4. 



1695. 
Jan. 10. 

Feb. 9. 

March 14. 

17. 

April 23. 



Mrs. Richards dies. 

Timothy Dwight, dies, se. 38. 

Joshua Atwater, drowned. 

Mrs. Townsend, Ux. of Capt. Penn T. dies. (Sarah) a3. 39. 

Moses Bradford, drowned in Wing's conduit. 

Church at Wrentham gathered, and Mr. Man, ordained. 

Rev. Nathl. Gookins of Cam. bur. died. Capt. Ruggles, bur. 

Major John Richards, marries Mrs. Anne Winthrop, before 

Wm. Stoughton, Esq., Lt. Gov. at madam Usher's house. 

Oct. 11. Widow Sarah Oliver, buried, ae. 72. 

Major Wm. Brown's wife, of Salem, dies, much lamented. 

Capt. Turell, buried. 23. Mr. Joseph Dassett, buried, he 

was much lamented. John More and Saxton, died. 
Doctor Thomas Pemberton, dies. 
Capt. William Greenough, dies. Also, Capt. Steward, of 

Ipswich, is dead. 7. Sarah Noyes, died, a?. 21. 
Mrs. Mary Nowell, dies. 
Marshal Gen. Green dies, March 3, 1691, and Saml. Gookin, 

appointed Marshal General, March 5, 1691. 
Capt. and deacon Jacob Eliot, dies, se. 61, much respected. 

One of the first born in Boston. 
Mr. Wm. Winthrop dies. 27. Mr. Joseph Winthrop dies. 

Two children of Major Winthrop, buried together. 
Mr. Robert Saunderson, dies. 

Daniel Allen, a representative in 1693. 
Rev. Joseph Belcher, ordained at Dedham. 
Mr. Barthol. Cheever buried. 
Judge How, of Barbadoes, died. 

John Mountfort marries Mr. Brigham's wife's daughter. 

Mrs. Prout, dies ; suspected of witchcraft. 

Henry Ems, appointed messenger to representatives. 

Widow Margaret Thatcher, dies. 

Major John Richards, died very suddenly, a counsellor. 

Major Brown marries Miss Rebecca Bayley. 

Mr. Wallcott, Salem, marries to Mrs. Feak. 

Hezekiah Henchman, died. 

Mr. Oakes Urian, buried. Mary Dummer dies. 

Mrs. Margaret Sheppard, Saml. Phillips' son, and Mrs. 
Elizabeth Pole, die. 

Captain John Wincol falls off his horse and killed. 

Captain Hammond, of Kittery, appointed by the Lt. Governor 
and Council, clerk and register, vice Capt. Wincol, dee'd. 
Lieut. Gov. Usher committed to prison on Col. Shrimp- 
ton's examination. Gerrish died at Salem. 

Major Hook, dies, much lamented. A councillor, judge 

of Probate for York. 
Jacob Mason, the instrument maker, dies. 
Mr. Mitchel dies. 

Mr. Woodbridge, of Newbury, dies, ae. 80. 
The Queen (Mary) dies on Dec. 27, 1694. 
Neighbor Ellis, dies. 



76 Samuel SewaWs Diary. [Jan. 

Sir William Phips, died in London, Feb. IS, last. 
Couz. N. Hobart, buried. 

Mother Hull, dies. July 21, Madam Symonds, of Ipswich, ob. 
Robert Williams, the grave digger, bell ringer, &c. dies. 
Gov. Bradstreet, removes from Boston to Salem. 
Mr. Edward Brattle, arrives from England. 
Received intelligence of Richard Dummer's death. 
Captain Bond dies, (probably of Watertown.) 
Thomas Maule, shopkeeper in Salem, publishes a book, en- 
titled " Truth held forth and maintained." 
Widow Walker, dies, mother of Rev. Zechariah. 

Rev. Edward Bulkley, dies, in a good old age. 

Deacon Henry Allen, dies. 

Mrs. Alden is buried. 

Mr. Daniel Oliver, married Mrs. Elizabeth Belcher. 

Mr. Saml. Phillips, of Rowley, dies. 

Saml. Shrimpton, marries Elizabeth Richardson. 

News from Barbadoes, that Dr. Williams and ux. are dead; 

also, Mr. Hatch. 
Mr. Benj. Wadsworth, ordained at the first church. 
Mr. John Glover, buried. Oct. 3. David Edwards, buried. 
Brother Pemberton dies. Father of Rev. Eben. in 1691. 
Church gathered at Lexington, and Mr. Benj. Easterbrooks, 

ordained. 22. Deborah Byfield, married James Lyde, 
John Bucknam, who had been perfectly dumb for IS years, 

has his speech restored. He was of Maiden. 
Rev. Wm. Brattle, ordained at Cambridge. 
Speaks of Madam Saml. Bellingham, dining with him. 
VVilliam Maxwell and John Eyre, students, skating at 

Fresh Pond, are drowned, first buried at Cambridge, last 

at Boston. 
Captain Davis' eldest daughter dies ; a great funeral. 
Madam Elizabeth Bellingham, visits him. 
His daughter, Sarah Sewall, dies. 

Mr. Palmer marries Mrs. Abigail Hutchinson. 
Mrs. Danforth dies at Cambridge, (suppose Govr's ux.) 
Gov. Bradstreet, ob. 10 P. M. at Salem. 
John Marshal, messenger to Governor and council, buried. 
Also, Brantrey Harris. 
June 1. Mr. Thomas Graves, of Charlestown, buried. He left a son 
by Mr. Stedman's daughter. 

28. Richard Willard, drowned in Cambridge river ; he had just 

been admitted into college. He was the son of Rev. W. 

of Boston, se 13. 
July 11. Mr. Hezekiah Usher, died at Lynn, and the 14 buried in 

Boston, in his father's tomb. 
4. Mr. Moody dies. Joshua, of Portsmouth, N. H. 
Sept. 11. Rev. Mr. Whiting, of Lancaster, killed by the Indians. 

29. Rev. John Cotton, of Plimo. dismissed. 

Oct. 6. Church gathered at Watertown, east end, and H. Gibbs ord. 
ceremony abroad, because the western party got pos- 
session of the meeting house. 

Nov. 8. Rev. Samuel Hooker, of Farmington, dies. 

Dec. 12. Rev. John Bayley, ob. Just going to preach for Mr. Willard. 



April 

May 

June 


23. 
21. 
22. 


Aug. 


25. 


Sept. 


18. 
18. 


Oct. 


11. 


Dec. 


15. 




19. 




21. 


1696 


Jan. 


4. 




7. 


Feb. 


7. 


April 


23. 
22. 


May 

Aug. 


7. 
12. 


Sept. 


8. 
25. 


Oct. 


10. 




21. 




30. 


Nov. 


25. 




20. 




30. 


Dec. 


12. 




22. 




23. 


1697. 


Jan. 


28. 


March 26. 




27. 


April 


12. 



1852.J Captain Kidd. 77 

1698. 

Jan. 8. Uncle Quincy, died, of Braintree. 

20. Captain Joshua Scottow, of Boston, died. 
26. Mrs. Ruth Carter, dies. Joseph Peirce and Captain Scot- 
tow's sister, the widow Windsor. 
Feb. 4. Mrs. Lynde buried. 

9. Col. Samuel Shrimpton, dies of an apoplexy. 
24. Andover surprised. Wade, Capt. Chubb, his ux. and 
three more slain. March 1. Col. Barthol. Gedney, dies. 
April 11. Rev. Charles Morton, of Charlestown, dies. 
1. Gov. Earl Bellamont arrives at New York. 
19. Maj. Genl. (Wait) Winthrop, &c. commissioner, set out for 
that place to congratulate him, accompanied by Major 
Wainwright, of Ipswich, &c. 
May. Capt. Updike arrives, and brings intelligence that the Jo- 

seph Galley was cast away on Ireland, and all lost; 
among them, Madam Bellingham, on Feb. 3. They sailed 
from Boston, Nov. 8 last. Beginning of this month the 
Indian College, (brick) pulled down, sold to Mr. Willis, 
builder, of Stoughton. 
June 27. Mrs. Eliz. Jeffries, (only child of Mr. John Usher) dies, 
left eight children. 
28. Great fire in Salem. Major Brown lost his house, &c. value 
3 or £4000. 
July 13. Col. Lidget, dies. 15. John Ive, fishing in great Spie 
pond, Cambridge, dies suddenly, buried at Charlestown, 
a debauched, and deistical man. 
Mr. Joseph Webb, buried, of Boston. 
Mr. Caleb Cushing, ordained at Salisbury. 
Church gathered at Newbury West, and Saml. Belcher, ord. 
Mr. Green, ordained at Salem village- 
Captain Edward Wyllys, dies ; Boston. 



Oct. 


11. 


Nov. 


9. 




10. 




10. 


Dec. 


11. 



CAPTAIN KIDD. 



[The following articles, for substance, were obtained in London, 
and are communicated by Joseph B. Felt.] 

A letter, from the Earl of Bellomont to the Lords of Trade and 
Plantations, dated Boston, 8 July, 1699. (A.) Kidd sent one Emot 
of New York to treat with the Earl about his pardon. (B.) The 
Earl's answer, general. (C.) Kidd had left his great Moorish ship 
in a creek, on the coast of Hispaniola, with goods of £30,000 ; had 
bought the sloop, in which he was ; had on board of her East 
India goods, 60 lbs. gold, 100 lbs. of silver, etc., whole value 
£10,000. (D.) Emot said he could prove Kidd innocent ; that his 
men locked him up, while they committed piracies. (E.) Earl of 
Bellomont wrote to Kidd, that if he were innocent, he might safely 
come in, and he would intercede for his pardon. Kidd answered, 
protesting innocence ; sent some small jewels by Campbell, bearer 
of the letter, to the lady of the Earl, which she brought to her hus- 
band, who advised her to keep them lest it might offend K., and 
prevent a true dev elopement. (F.) Kidd came ashore at east end of 



78 Captain Kidd. [Jan. 

Long Island, (a week before date of the Earl's letter.) The Earl 
would neither see nor speak with him but before witnesses. Living- 
ston, friend of Kidd, came to Boston from Albany, to intercede for 
him. Kidd and his friends began to embezzle the sloop's cargo. (G.) 
Livingston demanded the bond, as surety ; which he gave to the 
Earl Bellomont, when Kidd went on the expedition, and said, if it 
were not surrendered, Kidd swore he would not bring in the great 
ship, and would indemnify Livingston out of her cargo. (H.) 
Kidd designed to make a present of £1000 to the Earl's wife; but 
he ordered him to be secured. (I.) The Earl delivered to two of 
the council and two merchants, and the deputy collector, the 
charge of her sloop and cargo, and the jewels, Kidd sent to Lady 
Bellomont, at the council board. (K.) Had the Earl not kept 
Secretary Vernon's orders for securing Kidd's secret, Mr. Graham 
and Livingston, his countrymen, would have cautioned him. (L.) 
The Earl Avishes " they may not let him escape here, as they have 
Bradish, a notorious pirate, about a fortnight ago." Bradish and 
another got out of Boston jail by consent of the jailer, as was sus- 
pected. As the law stands in New England, a pirate cannot be 
put to death. Therefore the Earl desires to know what he shall 
do with Bradish' s crew, and Kidd and his men. (N.) One of the 
four ships, (the Shelly) has arrived at New York from Madagas- 
car with sixty pirates ; one owner of the Shelly is Mr. Hackshaw, 
and his correspondent, Stephen Delancy, a Frenchman. It is said 
each of the pirates paid £50 passage, and the owners have cleared 
£30,000 by the voyage. There are two hundred pirates more at 
Madagascar, some of them intend to take passage in Frederic 
Phillip's ship and in the other two, belonging to New York. (P.) 
A great ship has been seen off the coast, supposed to be Mase, a 
pirate, with great wealth from the Red Sea ; a sloop, said to be a 
pirate, at Rhode Island. The Earl says that he has no ship to go 
against them. (Q.) There is fitting out a ship to go after Kidd's 
ship, Quidah Merchant, left on the coast of Hispaniola, valued at 
£70,000. 

Another letter from the Earl of Bellomont, dated July 26, 1699. 
Mr. Emot, a lawyer of New York, came to Boston and told the 
Earl, 13th of June, that Kidd was on the coast, and would bring 
in his sloop to Boston and go and get his great ship, and bring 
her, if he could be pardoned. On 15th of June, the Earl sent Mr. 
Campbell, the postmaster, a countryman of Kidd, and an acquain- 
tance with Mr. Emot, to invite Kidd to come into Boston. Camp- 
bell returned the 19th of June, and handed in a memorial of what 
had passed between him and Kidd, to the Earl and his Council. 
On the same day, the Earl sent a letter, by advice of the Council, 
by Campbell to Kidd, telling him, if he were innocent, he would 
obtain his pardon. Kidd arrived in Boston, July 8. The Earl 
never saw him but before witnesses. The day, he was appre- 
hended, as the Earl remarked, " it happened to be by the door of my 
lodging, and he rushed in, and came running to me, the constable 
after him;" — he was seized July 16. Kidd had brought his wife 
and children in the sloop with him. He was examined two or 
three times before the Earl and his Council. They had not inti- 



1852.] Captain Kidd, 79 

mated to him, that they intended to have him apprehended, be- 
cause they wished to get all from him they could. Perceiving 
that he was disturbed and meant to run off, they ordered him to 
be taken. The officers who took him, and his men were not able 
to take three or four of the latter, who ' i were old New York pi- 
rates." The Committee, for taking care of his goods, searched 
his lodgings and found hid in two sea beds, a bag of gold dust and 
ingots, valued at £1000, and a bag of silver. " The enamelled box 
in the inventory, is that, which Kidd made a present of to my 
wife, by Mr. Campbell, which I delivered in Council, to the Com- 
mittee ; the box and jewels are worth about £60, and nobody here 
understands jewels." 

Mr. Gardiner, of Gardiner's Island, and at the east end of 
Nassau Island, had delivered up some treasure. The Earl heard, 
that one of Kidd's men had offered £30 for a sloop to carry 
him to Gardiner's Island, the very day of Kidd's apprehension, 
who owned he had buried some gold there. The Earl immedi- 
ately and privately sent a messenger to Mr. Gardiner to deliver up 
whatever Kidd had left with him. Gardiner received the order, 
and immediately brought the treasure to Boston, and delivered it 
to the Committee, being gold, silver and jewels, estimated at 
£4,500. Kidd had left six bales of goods with him, one of 
which was twice as big as any of the rest, and Kidd gave him a 
particular charge of that bale, and told him it was worth £2,000. 
The Earl had sent a sloop after the bale. He observed, we hope, 
when the bales arrive, all in the hands of the Committee will be 
about £14,000. He gave strict orders to his deputy Governor of 
New York, to search for the goods and treasure which Kidd had 
sent thither in three sloops, as stated in Mr. Gardiner's affidavit, 
which the Earl thinks, from a hint received, are in a certain house 
in New York city. The Earl had sent to another place where 
Kidd was supposed to have left gold. He says that he has no 
sufficient means to rout the pirates from the north part of America. 
1 We have found, that the jailer was Bradish's kinsman, and he 
confessed, that he and one of his crew went out of the Prison door.' 
The Jailer was turned out and put in irons. Though Kidd said 
his large ship was at Hispaniola, with cargo, he sold the cargo at 
Curracoa, and the ship is said to have been burnt.' The Earl was 
just going to seal a contract for a ship to go out to Hispaniola, to 
get the Quidah Merchant, of 500 tons, but Kidd, pressed once 
more by two of the Council, who went to the jail, to tell really 
what he had done with the ship, owned that he left her and cargo 
with Henry Bolton, mercht, of Antigua, to sell. Therefore, the 
Earl did not sign the contract for a ship of 300 tons, 22 guns and 60 
men, which would have cost £1700. The next day, the Earl sent 
Kidd's sloop to Antigua, with letters to the Lt. Governor, Col. 
Yeomans, and to Governors of St. Thomas and Curacoa, to secure 
what effects of the ship they can find. 

The Examination of Gabriel Loffe, of Long Island, N. Y., July 
10, 1699, before Justices, Elisha Cook and Isaac Davenport, of 
Boston. He entered, as a seaman, on board the Adventure Gaily, 
Capt. Wm. Kidd, at New York, Sept. 1696 ; thence, went to Ma- 
deira, to Bonavista, St. Jago, Madagascar, Joanna and Mehila, 



80 Captain Kidd. [Jan. 

and to the Red Sea to cruise for pirates. Went to India and there 
took a ship of 150 tons, commanded by a Dutchman, with Cotton 
Wool, Beeswax, Tobacco, and two horses ; the crew were chiefly 
Moors and three Christians, or Dutchmen ; carried her to Mada- 
gascar and there burnt her. Some weeks after, we took in the 
India seas, a ship of 450 tons, Capt. Wright, an Englishman from 
Bengali ; her crew, were Moors, Armenians, and three Christians, 
laden with silks and other dry goods ; carried her to Madagascar ; 
her goods were divided among Kidd's crew. Kidd had 40 odd 
shares. Part of his men deserted at St. Mary's. Kidd proposed 
to his men to capture a Mocha frigate there, which they did. Her 
name was the Q,uidah Merchant. Then he ran his Galley on shore, 
being leaky, stript and burnt her at St. Mary's. They came to the 
Island of Anguilla, W. I., where they were proclaimed pirates, then 
to St. Thomas, but the Governor would not let them enter the port, 
then to Mona, where they bought a sloop. Kidd loaded the sloop, 
and sailed in her with seventeen or eighteen of his men. They 
sailed first to Delaware Bay, where they landed a chest belonging 
to one James Gillam, a passenger from Madagascar. Then they 
sailed to the Sound, L. I., and put some goods on Gardiner's Island, 
and some on board of a New York sloop, one Coster, master, and 
a pack of goods on shore at Tarpaulin Cove. While they lay off 
Rhode Island, James Gillam went a shore in a boat, which came 
on board. 

Examination of William Jenkins, of Bow, near London, se. 18, 
apprentice to George Bullen deceased, late chief mate of the Ad- 
ture Gaily, Capt. William Kidd. 

He sailed after Christmas, 1695, from Plymouth, to New York. 
They took a Spanish prize. The rest as before. 

William Jenkins further deposes, that Kidd sent on shore at 
Gardiner's Island, two bales of goods, " two negro boys and a 
negro girl," and delivered them to Mrs. Gardiner. The sloop An- 
tonio was commanded by Samuel Wood, as he deposed, who came 
in her with Kidd. She belonged to Henry Bolton and others, 
merchants of Antigua. Wood came in the sloop to Boston, where 
she was seized, and he delivered, by order of Kidd, two bales of 
goods, two bags of sugar, etc., to Mr. Campbell. An account of 
gold, silver, jewels and goods of Kidd, was given by the Council, 
July, 1699, who were Nathaniel Byfield, Samuel Sewall, Jer. 
Dummer, Lawrence Hammond, Deputy Collector, and Andrew 
Belcher. 

Narration of John Gardiner, of Gardiner Island, alias Isle of 
Wight, July 17, 1699. 

About 20 days ago, Mr. Emot, of New York came to his house, 
and desired a boat to go to New York ; furnished him with one. 
That evening he saw a sloop with six guns, riding off Gardiner's 
Island : two days afterward, in the evening, Gardiner went on 
board the sloop to inquire what she was. When he came on 
board, Capt. Kidd, till then unknown to him, asked him how him- 
self and family did ; said he was going to Lord Bellomont, at 
Boston, and desired him to carry two negro boys and one negro 
girl ashore, and keep them till he returned, or his order called for 



1852.] Captain Kidd. $1 

them. About ten hours after he had taken the negroes, Capt. Kidd 
sent his boat ashore with two bales of goods and a negro boy. Next 
morning Kidd desired Gardiner to come on board, immediately, and 
bring six sheep with him, for his voyage to Boston, which he did. 
Then Kidd desired him to spare a barrel of cider, which he consented 
to do. Gardiner sent two of his men for it, and while they were 
gone, Kidd offered Gardiner several pieces of damaged muslin and 
Bengal, as a present to his wife, which Kidd put in a bag, and 
handed to him. About a quarter of an hour after, Kidd gave 
Gardiner two or three pieces of damaged muslin for his own use. 
When Gardiner's men came on board with the cider, Kidd gave 
them four pieces of gold for their trouble, and also bringing him 
wood. Then Kidd ready to sail, told Gardiner that he would 
pay him for the cider ; and Gardiner answered, he was already 
paid by the present to his wife. Some of Kidd's men, gave 
some of Gardiner's men some muslin, for neckclothes. Then 
Gardiner took leave of Kidd. At parting, Kidd fired four guns, 
and stood for Block Island. About three days after, Kidd sent 
the master of the sloop and one Clarke in his boat, for Gardiner, 
who went on board with them. Then Kidd desired Gardiner 
to take and keep for him, or order, a chest and a box of gold, and 
a bundle of quilts and four bales of goods, which box of gold Kidd 
told Gardiner was intended for Lord Bellomont. Gardiner com- 
plied. He says that two of Kidd's men, called Cook and Parrat, 
delivered to him two bags of silver, which they said weighed 30 
lbs., for which he gave a receipt. Another of Kidd's men delivered 
Gardiner gold and gold dust, of about 1 lb., to keep for him, and 
did present to Gardiner a sash and a pair of worsted stockings. 
Just before Kidd sailed, he presented Gardiner with a bag of sugar, 
and then steered for Boston. The narrator, (Gardiner,) "saith he 
knew nothing of Kidd's being proclaimed a Pirate, and if he had, 
he durst not have acted otherwise, than he has done, having no 
force to oppose them, and that he hath formerly been threatened 
to be killed by Privateers, if he should carry unkindly to them." 
Also Gardiner says, that while Kidd lay with his sloop at Gardi- 
ner's Island, a New York sloop, Capt. Coster and his mate, a little 
black man, who was reported to have been formally a quarter- 
master to Capt. Kidd, and another sloop of New York, Capt. Jacob 
Fenick, lay near Kidd's sloop three days together, and while Gard- 
iner was on board of Kidd's vessel, several bales of goods and other 
things were put on board of the two sloops, and they sailed up the 
sound; after which, Kidd sailed for Block Island, and in three 
days returned to Gardiner's Island, and in company with another 
sloop of New York, Capt. Cornelius Quick, on board of which was 
Thomas Clarke, of Setauket, commonly called Whisking Clarke, 
and one Harrison, of Jamaica, father to a boy with Capt. Kidd, 
and Capt. Kidd's wife was then on board of his own sloop. Quick 
remained from noon till evening, and then took on board two 
chests from Kidd's sloop, and he believes several sorts of goods 
more, and then sailed up the sound. Kidd remained till next 
morning and then sailed, as he said, for Boston. JS^ext day, after 
Qnick sailed from Gardiner's Island, Gardiner saw him turning 

10 



82 Captain Kidd. [Jan. 

out of Oyster Bay, though the wind was fair to carry him up the 
sound. Gardiner supposed Quick went in to land goods, and stated 
that he had from Kidd's vessel, seven bales of silk and other goods, 
and one box of 52 lbs. of gold and plate. 

Kidd's Narrative, July 7, 1699. At St. Mary's, in Mada- 
gascar, 97 of his men deserted him ; had threatened his life many 
times ; they took away his journal. His ship, Adventure Galley, 
was launched in Castle's Yard, at Deptford, about Dec. 4, 1695 ; 
the latter end of February he came to the Buoy in the Nore ; about 
March 1, his men were pressed for him from the fleet, which de- 
layed him there nineteen days; he then sailed and reached the 
Downs 8th or 10th of April, then to Plymouth ; from Plymouth he 
sailed 23d April ; on his voyage, in May, he took a small French 
vessel, with salt and tackle on board, for Newfoundland, and car- 
ried her into New York about July 4, where she was condemned. 
With the proceeds he purchased supplies for his further intended 
voyage. About Sept. 6, 1696, he sailed for Madeira and arrived there 
about Oct. 8 ; at Bonavista, 19th, where he took in some salt ; at 
St. Jago, 24th Oct., where he took in water; he sailed for Cape of 
Good Hope ; thence to a port in Madagascar, which he reached 
before Jan. 29. He arrived at the island of Johanna, about March 
18. April 25, 1697, he steered for India; came to the coast of 
Malabar the 1st of Sept. ; on the 22d Sept., two Portuguese ships, 
from Goa, came out after him ; they watched an opportunity to 
board him ; next morning, one of them attacked him, and they 
fought all day ; Kidd beat her off ; had fourteen men wounded. 
He cruised on about Cape Comorin for pirates till the first of Nov., 
1697, when he met an English ship, Loyal Captain, commanded 
by How, belonging to Madras, and bound to Surat ; examined her 
papers, and would have let her pass, but his men became mutinous, 
because two Dutchmen of How's crew, said that there were Greeks 
and Armenians, with precious stones and other rich goods on board. 
Two-thirds of Kidd's men voted to take the ship; but K. prevailed 
with them to let Capt. How go. About 18th or 19th November, 
met with a Moorish ship, of two hundred tons, from Surat, bound 
to the coast of Malabar, with a cargo of sugar, cotton, and two 
horses, and forty Moors, and a Dutch pilot; carried her to St. 
Mary's. About Feb. 1, met a Bengal merchant man of Surat, of 
4 or 500 tons, ten guns, and captured her. With his two prizes he 
sailed to St. Mary's, in Madagascar ; his gaily was very leaky ; 
he arrived there about April 1 ; his mutinous crew, on 6th of 
May, sunk the first prize, and the other had not yet arrived. 
When Kidd arrived at said port, there was a pirate, called the 
Mocha frigate, Capt. Robert Culliford, who with his men, left her 
and ran into the woods ; Kidd proposed to his men to capture her, 
for which he had power, but his mutinous crew said they had 
rather fire two shot into him, than one into the other, and, there- 
upon, ninety-seven deserted and went on board the Mocha frigate, 
and invited Capt. Culliford and his men back; they came and 
plundered Kidd's ship of ammunition, etc., and threatened to kill 
him, which he prevented by fastening his cabin a nights with 
abundant arms; the Mocha frigate staid four or five days; Kidd's 



1852.] Captain Kidd. 83 

deserters went to Edward Welch's house, four miles off, where 
Kidd's chest was, and plundered it of 10 oz. gold, 40 lbs. plate, 
and 370 pieces of eight. The Mocha frigate went away June 15 
with 150 men, and 40 guns, to take vessel of all nations. Kidd 
was left with only thirteen men, who could not keep the galley 
from sinking, and went on board of the prize ; Kidd took on board 
some passengers for New England; 1st of April, 1699, Kidd ar- 
rived at Anguilla, West Indies, where he heard, that he and his 
men were proclaimed as pirates. His men sought all opportunities 
to run his vessel ashore, lest they should be carried into an English 
port. He came to St. Thomas, where his brother-in-law, Samuel 
Bradley, was put on shore, being sick, and five more deserted ; 
heard same news there, that they were pirates. Sailed for Mona 
between Hispaniola and Porto Rico, where they met with a sloop, 
the St. Anthony, from Curacoa, for Antego, Wm. Bolton, mer- 
chant, and Saml. Wood, master. Kidd's men swore they would 
navigate his ship no further ; he sent by the sloop to get sails for 
his ship ; gone ten days ; six more of his men deserted ; the rest 
of his crew not able to sail his ship, which he left in a port of His- 
paniola, in the care of said Bolton ; Kidd bought the sloop of Mr. 
Bolton for the owner's account; then sailed for New York, where 
he heard Earl Bellomont was, who was principally concerned in 
the Adventure Gaily, and hearing he was in Boston, came hither. 
Kidd has been 45 days from his ship ; he carried, in the Adven- 
ture Gaily, from New York, 154 men, 70 whereof came out of 
England with him ; he said that his men put goods on board of 
New York sloops ; he stated that the great prize ship was built 
at Surat by Moors. 

1699, Aug. 28. Earl Bellomont writes to the Lords of Trade. 
Gardiner had informed him who the captains of sloops were, who 
carried goods from Kidd's vessel to New York. Goods have been 
discovered and taken and sent to Boston. Mr. Gardiner, wife and 
servants to be examined. The goods sent to Boston by Gardiner, 
do not exactly agree with his account. Gardiner says he mistook, 
the goods being delivered to him in the night. One Symes, of 
New York, took from Gardiner's one of the negro boys, who has 
not been recovered ; the others are sent to Boston. It is reported 
that Kidd had concealed a waistcoat with diamond buttons ; Earl 
Bellomont had a search for it, and it was found ; but its buttons 
were Bristol stones. He repeats that the law against pirates 
in Massachusetts, will not hang them. He wants a new law. 
The buttons were set in gold ; seven of the buttons were off, when 
the waistcoat was exhibited. 

Earl Bellomont says he paid £100 a year for a house in Boston, 
besides his charge for a stable. It is for the King's honor that his 
Governor have a house ; there is a very good house plot, where 
Sir Edmund Andros lived, in the best part of the town. " 'Tis the 
least of their thoughts I doubt, to build a house for the King's 
Governor." 

Four chests and three small bales of India goods were landed at 
New York, from Kidd's vessel. 

1699, Oct. 24. Earl Bellomont writes to Lords of Trade, that 



84 Captain Kidd. [Jan 

Bradish is retaken ; Capt. Davis, a pirate, who came home with 
Kidd is in prison. One Palmer, of R. I., went with Kidd to Mad- 
agascar, and there left Kidd to go to Mocha. 

1699, Oct. 7. From Bradish and other pirates had been ob- 
tained bags of dollars, 12,545, and other property. 

1699, Nov. 29. The Mocha frigate was commanded by Capt. 
Edgecomb, who was killed by James Gillam, who is supposed to 
have persuaded the Mocha's crew to turn pirates, and who is ap- 
prehended by Governor Bellomont. In searching Gillam' s house, 
a letter from Capt. Kidd's wife to Capt. Pain, an old pirate of 
Rhode Island, showed that the latter had some of Kidd's gold in 
his hands. 

1699, Nov. 30. Lord Bellomont writes to Sec'y Popple : " these 
pirates I have in goal make me very uneasy for fear they should 
escape. I would give £100 they were all in Newgate." 

Sept. 8. He writes the Lords of Trade and Plantations : " Gillam 
came passenger with Kidd from Madagascar. Said to have stabbed 
Capt. Edgecomb of the Mocha frigate, for the E. India Company 
induced the men to turn pirates. Said he had served the Mogul 
eight or nine years, and turned Mahometan, and was circumcised. 

1700, April 23. Lord Bellomont says to the Lords of Trade 
and Plantations, that he had obtained some papers of Kidd from 
New York. Rect. of Danl. Homan as Sec'y to Col. Fletcher, as 
Governor, for 1-15 and for the king 1-10 part, being £58, 6s 10d y 
of Kidd's prize from England to New York. Bellomont doubted 
whether the King had received any thing, and whether Fletcher 
had any right in the concern. Kidd's first prize on his way to N. Y. 
was valued at £350. 

Articles of agreement between Kidd and John Walker, quarter- 
master to the ship's company. Sept. 10, 1696. Signed by Wm. 
Kidd. 

Then Kidd and all his crew, about 136, sign an agreement to 
keep such articles, at the same date. 

The following was written July, 1809. "Mr. Gardiner, has in 
the Geneva bible, printed in 1599, a writing, in the hand of Lieu- 
tenant Gardiner, dated 1635, giving an account of his coming from 
Worden in Holland to London and from thence to New England. 
Also, a writing, dated March 10, 1639, being a confirmation of the 
Indian title, from James Forrett, agent to " Wm. Alexander, Earl 
of Sterling, who hath a grant of Long Island from the King, &c." 
Also a writing, dated Boston, July, 1699, mentioning property re- 
ceived by the commissioners, appointed by the Earl of Bellomont 
from Mr. John Gardiner, of Gardiner's Island, formerly the prop- 
erty of Capt. Wm. Kidd, principally bars and dust of gold : 62 
precious stones, &c., weighing 11 oz., &c. being left by Kidd on 
Gardiner's Island; worth exclusive of the stones, (by calculation) 
about $20,000, or nearly. It is a copy of the first of thirteen sheets, 
containing an invoice of goods shipped on board the sloop Antonio, 
found on board, &c. Mr. Gardiner has in his possession a piece of 
cloth of gold, left here by Kidd. Paul Williams and several 
pirates or buccaneers visited Gardiner's Island early in the last cen- 
tury, and plundered it. People from New England yet come here 
and dig for money, supposed left by pirates." 



1852.] History of Billcrica. <g~> 

MATERIALS TOWARDS A HISTORY OF BILLERICA. 

FURNISHED BY FREDERIC KIDDER. 

A Transcript of a Couenant or agrement betwene thos that weare 
Proprietors vpon m r Dudly's farme, & they that were inhabitants on y 1 ' 
Township, w ch is yet a standing order in the towne. 

9. 9 m . 1658. The Proposition is as folio weth. 

That Such as either haue already, or here after shal take vp any alot- 
ment in the towne vpon grant, shal be equally accommodated with 
vpland and meadow with thos vpon m r Dudleys farme, To haue the one 
halfe of their lands about home, either adjoyning to their house lots, & in 
Case there be not Sufficient for them ther, Then to haue it made vp in 
y r first next Conuenient place. And as for their Second diuitions they 
Shall haue it laid out to them remote from the town, acording as they haue 
their 2d diuitions which are vpon m r Dudleys farme. Prouided always, 
That all such p sons taking vp such alotments shall Contribute to them 
vpon m r Dudleys farme, (acording to the proportion they shall take vp, 
whether a tenn acre, eight, Six, or flue acre lot or any other proportion) 
vntil they vpon m r Dudleys farme haue receiued half so much as their 
first purchase Cost, and as for any moneys that Shall Come into the town 
vpon this account after-ward, it shal be disposed of, to y e publick vse of 
the towne, acording as the towne shal order, all which payments shal be 
made within two years after their particular grants, &the first half within 
one yeare. Provided always that no P son shall haue any proportion 
more then a Single Share of m r Dudleys farme. 

This was voted on the affirmitiue & Subscribed, 

William ffrench William Tay John Parker 

John Rogers, John Shildon John Poulter 

William Patten, Golden Moore, Jonathan Danforth, 

William Hamlet, James Kidder, John Marshall, 

Jacob Browne, George fTarley, John Baldwin, 

John Sternes, William Chamberlin, Henery JeifTs, 

It was also at the Same meeting agreed vpon by the towne that a tenn 
acre lot on y r Township, and a single share, or twelfe Part of m r 
Dudleys, should be Equall in all towne Charges, both Ciuill & Ecclesi- 
asticall, & that all lesser grants (as an eight Sixth, or fiue acre lot, or any 
other lesser or greater grants shall all pay in proportion to their grants 
to all publick Charges as afore said. 

These are true Copys taken out of Billerica Towne booke of Records 
as attess, Jonathan Danforth, Clarke. 

The Way of raising all Public Charges in the Towne. 

9. 9 m . 58. It is agreed by the towne, That for the raising our publicke 
Charges for the futer, wee will Continue in the way we haue already gone 
on in (for the building of a house for the Minister, that is acording to 
our proportions of lands and meadows, or acording to our grants) for the 
maintenance of the ministry, & other towne Charges, And it is agreed 
that all other diuitions of lands & Meadows, and Comunage, and all 
other priuiledges shal be diuided & laid out according to our Public 
charges. And also this way of rating shall Continue without alteration. 



86 



History of Billerica. 



[Jan. 



(vnless it be done by y e Joynt Consent of y e wholl inhabitants. And 
the diuition in Comon feiids from time to time shal be diuided by lott, 
for propriety, both to us the present inhabitants, & also to all others that 
shall here after be accepted & Entertained as inhabitants amongst us, 
acording to their Just proportions in this way. Also when there is any 
further addition of meadows to be made to the inhabitants, or to any of 
them, their publick Charges shal be borne vp acording to their former 
Proportions, or first grants, i. e. house lot grants. 

24. 12 m 1661. 

Wee the inhabitants of the towne of Billerica, & proprietors whose 
Names are here vnto Subscribed, do Engage vpon Condition That the 
lands & Meadows diuidable, acording to y e order giuen to the Comittee 
appointed to ueiue the lands & meadows on y e west side Concord Kiuer, 
be deuided : & other lands diuidable for the inhabitants in generall, as 
the towne shall agree for futuer, 

We do hereby Engage our Selves That our way of rating shall Con- 
tinue, for the Space of tenn years from hence Ensueing the date hereof: 
which way of rating is exprest in seuerall towne orders, made and Con- 
sented vnto for that End. 



John Poulter 
John Kitteridge 
Jacob Browne 
John ffrench 
John Rogers, Sen r 
Benjamin Parker 
William Hamlet 
John Sheldon 



Christopher web, 
John Sternes 
Ralph Hill, Jun r 
Simon bird, 
Daniel Shed, 
John Trull, 
Samuel Kemp, 
John Bracket, 



William ffrench 
Ralph Hill, sen 
William Tay 
John Parker 
Thomas ffoster 
George ffarley 
Samuel kinsley 



James paterson 
These are both of them true Copys as attess Jonathan Danforth. CI : 

Acording to the first order here inserted, m r Dudleys farme was 
acounted as 12 ten acre lots, & had all diuissions in Comon fields & 
in meadows, Equall with So many ten acre lots vpon the township. 

Elder Champney had two shares & a half of it, & was acomodated 
acordingly Samuell Champneys farme was Set at two ten acre lots, & 
had all diuision acordingly. Thes psons paid their dues in all publick 
charges demanded, annually vntil they had receiued all diuissions acord- 
ing to the towne order, & neuer refused any diuissions of land on this 
account, 

also when as the proprietors of m r Dudleys, made their Complaint to 
the towne that their meadows vpon the farme were short of what they 
formerly Judged them to be : the towne did make them recompence out 
of the meadow purtaining to the township, at which time, Elder Champ- 
ney was granted two acres of meadow vpon that account, 



This is testified by us, 
Sworne in Court 5. 2. 70. 



george ffarley, 
James ladder 
Jonathan Danforth 



On the back 



Ralph Hill agt 
Sam 1 & Daniel 
Champneys 



The foundation orders, respecting 
both priuiledges & charges. 



1852.J 



Canada Prisoners. 



87 



A LIST OF CANADA PRISONERS. 



FURNISHED BY FREDERIC KIDDER. 



[Note. — The original spelling of the names is retained.] 

Na?nes of English Captives Ransomed from Quebeck by Matthew Gary, 

in October, 1695. 



Capt. Jos. Hammond, of Piscadawa. 

John Key, Senr. of do. 

Jno Key, Jr. of do. 

James Rose, of Cascow. 

Edwd Jones, of North "West. 

Heny Simpson, of York. 

Jno Road, of Saman fals. 

Jams Alexandr, Cascow. 

Thos Drew, Groton. 

Josh Swarton, boy, Cascow. 

Mrs Mar 1 Stilson, Pemaquid. 



Mrs Mary Plasted, York. 
Hitob 1 Goodwin, Kittery. 
Eliz h Tozer, do. 

Sarah ffurgusen, do. 
Abig 1 ffurgusen, do. 
Mary Tibs, York. 

Johana Swarton, do. 
Elizab th Smart, Oyster River 
Cisia Braket, do. 

Mag' 1 Adams, York. 
Mary Cooper, do. 



Names of those remaining still in hands of the french at Canada. 



Saml York, of Cascow. 
Saml Souter, of do. 
Abigal Willey, of Oyster River. 
Judy Willey, of do. 

Elizabeth Willey, of do. 
Grizoll Ottis, Cochieca. 
Christon Ottis do. 
Abigal Koy, Kittery. 
Mercy Adams, do. 
Jos Perkins, boy, Dover. 
Abigal Curlin, do. 

Steph 11 Otis, do. 

Liddy Langly, girl, do. 
Mary Swarten, do. 
James Stilton, boy, Pemquid. 
Jno Ottis, boy, Dover. 
Abigal Bracket, Dover. 
John Stephins, boy, Pemquid. 
Rose Ottis, [girl,] Cochica. 
Jno Antony, boy, do. 
Obada Prible, do. do. 



Elizab h Squir, Dover. 
Mary Stilson, girl, Pemqd. 
Katt n Stephens, do. do. 
John Persons, boy, Dover. 
Sarah Davis, girl, Cascow. 
Roland Young, boy, Dover. 
Robt Clark, do. York. 

Ruth Persons, Dover. 

Mary Sayard. do. 

Esther Sayward, do. 
H. Short, boy, do. 

Chas Trafton, York, boy. 
John Skyly, boy, Oys. Riv. 
Sarah Whitt, girl, do. 
Sam 1 Rand, boy, do. 
Hannah Dongan, 
Mary Aslin, [girl,] York. 
Thos Baker, boy, Cascow. 
Geo Gray, do. do. 
Rich d Nason, do. 
Jos Michott. 



MORE CANADA PRISONERS. 

FURNISHED BY FREDERIC KIDDER. 

Boston Harbour, Octo 6, 1748. 
An account of Sundry English prisoners, brought in from Louisburg, 
by Aylmer Gravill, in the Schooner Brittania, who were transported 
there from Canada. 



88 Canada Prisoners. [Jan. 

Capt. Jonas Brett of Boston, taken in a vessel of Mich 1 Dalton, New- 
bury. 

John Hazellburough of Pool, in England, taken in a vessel of Cleeves. 

Wm Pike of Pool, taken in a vessel of his father's. 

Robt Roles of do. Mate of Pike. "Wm Spicers of do. nephew of do. 

Hez Rose of do. a Seaman of do. 

Wm Vertie mate of Robt Crawford, of Galloway, Scotland, in a vessel 
of one Gardners, of Edenborough. 

Wm Cummins, Surgeon of y e foregoing ship. 

Hugh Douglass, seaman, of do. 

Margaret Brown, a passenger in y e above. 

Rich d Gambell, Surgeon taken in Capt Wm Teage of London. 

Peter Johnson, Seaman on board y e above. 

Auther Maloy, passenger, belonging to Piscatiqua. 

John Dunavon, Capt Teagues boy. 

Boyer Cooper, taken at Capt Bradbury's fort, by y e Indians of Georges. 

Robert Buntin, taken at Suncook by y e Indians. ) 18 days to Mon- 

Andrew Buntin, son to above. ) treal. 

Rubin Pitcher, taken at Georges fort, Capt Bradbery, of Barnstable. 

Dan Lewis, taken at do. of Georges. 

Preston Wooling, taken at do. of Sandwich, 

Noah Leach, taken at Pleasant pt. of Bridgewater. 

Wm Kent [or Hunt] taken at Pemaquid, of Pemaquid. 

Job Avery, taken at Shepscott, of Shepscot. 

Job Felbrook, taken at George Town. 

Sam Walloon, at do. of Piscataqua. 

Sam Paine, at do. 

Benj Lake, at North Yarmouth, of N. Y. 

Ebenr Clagh, at do. of do. 

Abraham Petingall, at do. of do. 

Peter Bovey, at Ft Mass ts - of Deerfield. 

John Henderson, at No. 4, of Lancaster. 

Danl Farmer, at Ft Dummer, of Groton. 

Wm Blanchard, at do. of Dunstable. 

Benj Osgood, at do. of Billrecai. 

Mark Perkins, at do. of Concord. 

Matthew Wyman, at do. of Lancaster. 

Danl Sergant, at do. of Ft Dummer. 

John Dunlap, at Canterhook, N. York, of Westburrough. 

Moses Washburn, at Brunswick, of Wrentham. 

Timothy Cowl, at Harry Medow, of Sowhegan. 

Jason Badcock, taken at Paquicogog, 1 of do. 

Wm. Davin, at Menis, of Boston. 

Robert Vickery, at do. of Dighton. 

Jacob Taylor, at Saratoga (N. York) of Maryland. 

John Seanar, at do. of do. 

Geo Miller, of Pepperil, on furlow. 

1 Probably Piscataquog. 



1S52.J Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms. 89 

ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS UPON RECORD 
IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, MS. 

[Continued from Vol. V. page 448.] 

Last will and Testament of Mr Robert Keayne, all of it written with my 
owne hands & began by me Mo : 6 : 1 : 1653 comanly called August. 

[This will extends from page 116 to 274 — 158 pages, in the original 
volume.] 

I Robert Keayne, Citizen and M r chant Taylor of London by freedome, 
now dwelling at Boston, declare this to be my Last Will and Testament. 
— [Having spoken of his Faith &c he continues] Haveing beene trayned 
vp in Millitary Discipline from my young r yeares, & haveing endeavoured 
to promote it the best I could Since God hath brought me into this 
Country, & seeing he hath beene pleased to vse me as a poore Instru- 
ment to Lay the foundation of that Noble Society of the Artillery Com- 
pany in this place that hath so far prospered by the blessing of God, as 
to helpe many with good experience in the vse of theire Armes, &c. a 
Nursery to raise vp many able and well experienced Souldiers therefore 
to declare my affections to that exercise & to the society of Souldiers I 
shall desire to be buryed as a Souldier in a Military way. 

Debts to be paid which at this tyme doth amount to about One hun- 
dred and fivety pounds, besides what I owe vnto the poore boxe ; The 
particula r s of w ch my executo r s may find in a Long paper booke in my 
closet at Boston with a white Parchment cover, intitelled my Inventory 
booke, which debts of myne if God be pleased to spare me health while 
next spring I hope I shall pay the most of them myselfe except that only 

which I owe to the poore Boxe being about Eighty pounds My will 

is after my Death a true Inventory betaken of all my Lands, Houses, Cat- 
tle, Bookes, Household Stuffe, Marchandize, Jewells &c of all the Come 
I have at home or at my farme with all things there 

The thirds of all my Lands & Housing both at Boston & at my fTarme 
at Rumne Marsh or any where else that I shall be possessed of at the 
tyme of my Death I bequeath vnto my wife m r s Anne Keayne during 
her Naturall life, a greate if not the greatest part of my Estate Lying in 
my Housing & Lands. 

The rest of my whole Estate both personnall & Reall I deuide into 
two parts, the one part I give vnto my wel beloved & only Son Benja- 
mine Keayne, the other part I reserue as my owne right to dispose of as 
I please which is as herein shall after be expressed. 

And because I am not Ignorant that formerly there hath beene many 
claymors & evill reports raised vp against me here & else where, as if I 
had gott my Estate by vnjust dealing and wronging of others, That all 
might take nottice, that I durst not allow myselfe in any such knowne 
wickednes, I did in some of my former Wills and also in my Last before 
this of Anno 1649 (which I still keepe by me though cancelled & made 
Null by this, and will be needful to be preserued — to be read over by 
my executors — severall things mentioned therein, which I leaue out in 
this & may be of some help to them) Set apart Two hundred pounds, 
that if any man or woman in old England or New, could justly make it 
appear that I had in any thing vnjustly wronged them, that they might 
have had full satisfaction allowed them, though I know of no such thing 
that can justly be layd to my charge — having lived in New England 17 
or 18 yeares, and none such haueing appeared I thinke it needles to 
continue any Longer what I formerly Sequestered for such ends. 

11 



90 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms. [Jan. 

Haueing thought of the want of some necessary things for the Towne 
of Boston, as a Market place & Cundit, the one a good helpe in danger 
of fyre, the want of which we haue found by Sad experience &c. the 
other vsefull for the Country people, that come with theire provisions for 
the supply of the Town, that they may have a place to sitt dry in and 
warme both in Cold, Raine & durty weather, a place to leave theire 
Come or any other things safe, that they cannot sell, till they come 
asraine, to haue some Convenient Roome or two for the Courts to meete 
in both in Winter & sumer & so for the Townes men & Comissio r s, m 
the same building or the like a Convenient Roome for a Library, & a 
gallery or some other handsome Roome for the Elders to meet in, also a 
Roome for an Armory — If it should not be thought convenient that all 
these be vnder one Roofe or in one place, if advice were taken with some 
Skillfull workmen & others that haue good heads in Contriving of 
Buildings, Such as m r Broughton, m r Clarke the Chirirgion &c there 
might such a Model be drawne vp that one building may be contrived 
that would accomodate all these vses, without extraordinary Cost & yet 
be a great Ornament to the Towne as well as profitable other wayes, but 
if the Cheife of the Towne be of another minde I should propose That 
the Cundit & Markett House be sett in the Market place Some where 
betweene m r Cogins House & mine, or any where in that great streete 
betweene m r Parkers House & m r Brentons or rather m r Webbs if it 
should be judged there to be more convenient. He also proposes a Roome 
for the devines & Schollors, [another,] for Merchants m r of Shipps and 
Strang r s as well as the Towne — if it be thought not convenient to have 
it in front of the meeting House, it may accomplish the same ends if 
placed on that Side of the meeting House from Seargeant Williams shop 
to Deacon Trusdalls House [if it be thought proper to have a Cunditt 
elsewhere] it may be sett vp alone, about the place where the Pillary 
stands — I give Three Hundreth pounds in good Merchantable pay, one 
third part when the frame is brought to the place & raysed &c, the 
seconde part when the Chimneyes are built, the House covered and 
floores Layd, the last part when it is quite finished provided it be gone 
about and finished within two or three yeares after my decease — when 
finished [that the Buildings prove not] as Shaddowes & stand as Emptie 
Roomes without Substance I shall be willing to cast in my Mite, & 
bring my Lime & hare possibly God may Stirr vp the hearts of others 
to bring in their Badger Skines & Silke & others more Costly things 
that the worke may goe on. 

To the Granere I giue one Hundred pounds to be payd in Come, and 
that to be improved for a publicke Stocke. 

The Library & Gallere for devines being finished, I giue to the begin- 
ning of that my 3 great writing bookes w ch are intended as an Exposi- 
tion or Interpretation of the whole Bible, as also a 4 th great writing 
booke in which is an Exposition on the Prophecy of Daniel, of the Rev- 
elations & the Prophecy of Hosea not Long Since began, all which 
Bookes are written with my owne hand So farr as they be writt, & could 
desier that some able Schollar or two that is active and diligent & ad- 
dicted to reading and writing were ordered to Carry on the same worke 
by degrees as they have Leasure and opportunitie, & in the same 
Methode and way as I have begun (if a better be not advised to) it shal 
be esteemed for the profitt of it to young Students (though not So to 
more able and learned devines in these knaving times) worth the Labo r 
as I haue & doe finde it to my selfe worth all the paines & Labour I 
haue bestowed vpon them, so that if I had 100 lb Layd me downe for 



1852.] Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk Comity, Ms. 91 

them, to depriue me of them, till my sight or life be taken from me, I 
should not part from them. 

Further my will is that my Son Benjamine Keayne my Executor 
haueing first made choyce out of my study of Such Bookes as he shall 
desier for his owne vse and reading (not to sell) whether Divinitie, 
Hystory, or Milletary, or any of my written Sermon bookes excepting 
those fower before giuen to the Library : & my wife also some few for 
her vse, if she shall desier any other than those she hath already, the 
p'mised my will is that my Brother Wilson & m r Norton with my Ex- 
ecutor & Overseers view ouer the rest of my Bootes, and to choose from 
them Such as they shall thinke profitable for such a Library, they being 
all English none Lattine or Greeke the rest which remaines may be 
Sould for there due worth both the written and printed ones : And 
though my bookes be not many, nor very fitt for Such a worke, being 
English & smale bookes, yet after the beginning the Lord may stirr vp 
Some others that will add more to them, & helpe to carry the worke on 
by bookes of more valew, Antiquity vse and esteeme, & that an Inventory 
may be taken & kept of those bookes they Set apart for the Library. 
I doe will fower pounds a yeare be payd out of some of my shops in 
Boston by quarterly payments to provide some refreshing for [the Elders] 
when they meete, or now and then dinn r s as farr as it will goe, this 
fower pounds pr Anno I give for the space of ten yeares, if that meeting 
continue. If a Convenient fayre Roome in one of the buildings be Set a 
part for an Armory & the meeting of the Artillery I give five pounds for 
the incouragemt of that Company to be Layd out in Pikes & Bandal r s 
for the vse of such Souldiers of that Company that Liue in other Townes, 
so farr as it cannot be convenient for them to bring there Armes with 
them &c. 

I giuie further to this Artillery Company fiue pounds more, towards 
the Erecting of a platforme for two mounted peeces of Ordinance to stand 
vpon, a greater & a smaller, with a Shead of boards raysed over it, to 
keepe them dry, in the most convenient pt in the Trayning place in Bos- 
ton against some Hill or riseing ground that may receive the Shott of 
these peeces, & may be free from endangering any that vnexpectedly 
passe by that the Company may Learne how to Traverse, Lade, Mount 
Levell & fyre at a mark w ch is as needfull a Skill for a Sould ier as the 
Exercise of theire ordinary Armes. I suppose the Countrey will willing- 
ly Send the Company two such peeces for so good a vse & a Barrell of 
powder or two. 

The bullets wil be most of them found & saued againe if the Hill or 
Butt against w ch they Shoote be not ' so Low & narrow that they over 
mount & shoote aside at Randome — as many of the Company, or others, 
w ch desire to Learne that Art of gunnere may enter there names to be 
Schollers of the great Artillery & giue so much for Entry and so much 
a yeare afterwards, &c. I give Two Heifers, or Cowes, to the Capt & 
Officers of the Company to be kept as a stocke Constantly, the increase or 
profitt of these Cowes yearely to be layd out in powder, Bulletts, &c. If 
the Company neglect to accomplish, this before expressed above two 
yeares after my decease these three Legacyes both the fiue pounds & the 
two Cowes to be voyd & to be the vse of my Executor, If the things 
be accomplished [he desires Security for the Cows] that the Stock be pre- 
sented, if the Company breake off the Cows to be returned. 

[One half of the former grant of 100 lbs] with the increase thereof I 
giue to the vse of the free Sehoole at Boston, to helpe on the Trayning 
vp of Some poore mens Children of Boston (that are most towardly & 



92 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms. [Jan. 

hopefull) in the knowledge of God & of Learning, not only in the La- 
tine Tongue but also to Write & Cypher, as farr as the profitt of it will 
reach, as the Townesmen or ffeofees of the free Schoole from time to 
time shall Judge best takeing advice of my Executo r . 

The other fivety pounds with the profitt of it, I give for the vse & Re- 
leife of the poore members of our owne Church or to any other good vse 
that shal be accounted as necessary or more necessary then this. 

Now if that Scoole should be sufficiently provided for before I dye, then 
I would propound it to be kept as a Magazine of store from yeare to yeare 
& as a stocke for the Towne, if either a famine or warre should happen 
amongst vs, which may tend much for the p r seruation of the Towne espe- 
cially the poorer sort 400 bushells of Indian may be bought for 50 lb & 
250 bushells of Rye if not 300 for 50 lb & 80 pease, & how easy a thing 
would it be for the Towns to make it vp a 1000 bushells or more by euery 
family putting in but a pecke of Come or such a matter but once in a 
yeare. 

[He adds 20 lb to the former stock for the poor making in all 120 lbs 
this stock was gained] by taking one penny out of euery shilling which 
I have gotter by my Trade &. So that when I gayned much in a weeke 
there hath beene the more layd aside for any good vse, & when Trayd- 
ing hath beene dead & the games Lese, there hath beene the lesse layd 
a Syde for this stocke & vse, which course I haue constantly kept above 
this 40 yeare, which I now mention not in any way of boasting, but y fc 
all that know it may take nottice of the blessing of God vpon such a vol- 
untary course, w cn some others it may be wil be willing to Imitate by w ch 
means I have had comonly Lyeing by me 50 lb 60 lb or 80 lb ready money, 
especially in old England, & some pretty quantity here, till now Lately 
Since money hath beene so Scarce amongst vs, whereby I haue beene 
fayne to borrow out of that stocke my selfe, for my owne necessary vse 
when I have wanted money of my owne, & a good comfortable helpe it 
hath beene to me that way in many pinches, but doe still keepe a care- 
full account what at any time I take out & pay it in againe as money 
comes to hand, out of w cn Stocke vsually lying by me I haue had oppor- 
tunitie to Lend to any poore godly Christian or Minister in neede (be- 
sides what I giue away). Vnto w ch Stocke I am indebted One Hundred 
pounds sterling or 101 lbs as nere as I can gesse, besides all the money 
that is now in Cash in 2 private boxes within my Cabinet in my Closet 
at Boston there being as I remember ten pounds in New England money 
with some old England Silver, & some what more then Tenn pounds in 
the other secret box in which is two ten shillings pieces of Barbere gold 
& 258 Single two pences pence & halfe pence, w ch boxes are to be vn 
locked or opened with any Ordinary pinne or needle thrust into a Small 
pin hole, that is there against a piece of Steele, which easily will giue 
backe. [Good security is to be given for the 120 lbs otherwise it is to 
go] to Harvard Collidge they takeing care to secure the Stocke. 

[In relation to the 300 lb. given to the Towne for the purpose of a Condit 
Market House, &c] if the Towne of Boston slight or vndervalue this 
gift & neglect to finish these buildings in manner & time before men- 
tioned these gifts with relation to these buildings, as my Bookes to the 
library, &c, shal be & remaine to the sole vse of the Collidge at Cam- 
bridge. 

[To be continued.] 



1852.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 93 



ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS IN THE PROBATE 

OFFICE, PLYMOUTH. 

[Communicated by Mr. Justin Winsor, of Boston. 
[Continued from page 388] 

Robert Martin. (Rehoboth.) 

Will dated 6 3 mo 1660. Names his wife Joan, and his brother Rich d 
Martin in Old England, and his children. Gives also to his Elder 
brother Abraham " if his need calleth for it." Appoints Tho Cooper 
sen, Wm Sabin of Rehoboth, and " cozen " Rob 1 Clapp of Dorchester, 
overseers ; and Rev Sam 1 Newman and Nath) Paine, Executors. 
Witnessed by Stephen Paine Sew and George Robinson. 

Inventory, " 19 5 mo , June, 1660." Am't. £193. I s - 6 d - 



John Rogers, Sen. (Marshfield.) 
Will, dated Feb. 1, 1660. Names wife Frances, (executrix), Sons John, 
Joseph, Timothy, and daughters, Ann Hudson, Mary, Abigail, and 
grand children, George and John Russell. John Hudson lived on his 
land at Namasakeeset. Witnessed by Anthony Fames, Wm May- 
comber, Mark Fames, Rich d Beare. Inventory by A. Fames, Tho. 
King, and John Rogers. Am't. £125. 17 s * 



Thurston Clark. (Duxbury.) 
Inventory Dec. 10, 1661. Taken on oath of his widow Faith, by Chris- 
topher Wadsworth, Joseph Andreivs, John Rogers, and John Tracy. 
Am't. £97. 12 s 6 d - 



Nathaniel Mayo. (Eastham.) 

His will dated 19 10 mo 1661, names his sons Thomas (eldest), Nathaniel, 
Samuel, Theophilus ; his daughter Hannah ; his wife Hannah, the 
executrix of the will ; appoints his father (in-law) Thomas Prence, 
and brother (in-law) John Freeman and Nathaniel Bacon, overseers of 
the will, which was witnessed by Edw d Bangs and Josiah Cook. 

Inventory taken by John Done and Wm Merrick, and Exhibited at court 
4 Mar. 1661. Am't. £202. 4 s - 8'- 



William Parker. (Taunton.) 

Will dated Mar 15. 1659, then being aged 60 years. Gives to James 
Phillips, and to Elizabeth wife of James Walker, and makes his wife 
Alice, residuary legatee, and executrix of the will. 

Overseers of the will. Witnesses 

Richard Williams Rich d Williams 

James Walker Peter Pitts 

Inventory taken 10 of last mo. 1661, by Williams and James Wyate. 

Thomas Billington. (Taunton.) 

Isaac Hall aged 24 yrs, deposes that he heard T. B. on his death bed, 
three or four days before death, say that he gave all his property to 
James Leonard, Sen. May, 1662. 

John Wood, aged 42 yrs, the same. 

Inventory, May 1, 1662, by Rich d Williams and George Hall. 



04 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [Jan. 

Joseph Wormall. (Scituate.) 

His will exhibited at court, June 24, 1662. To his wife Merriam, son 
Josias, daughters Sarah and Hester. Overseers, Abraham Sutlieff, 
Matthias Briggs, James Torrey. Dated Feb. 4, 1661. Witnessed by 
Josiah Turner, Elijor Clapp and James Torrey. 

Inventory by John Cushing and James Doughtey. 

Edmond Chaundeler. (Duxbury.) 
Will dated May 3, 1662. " being old." To his sons Samuel, Benjamin, 

and Joseph (executor) ; daughters Sarah, Anna, Mary (to these three 

property at Barbadoes, sugar) and Ruth. 
Witnesses, John Alden and Constant Southworth ; 
Inventory by Alden and Philip Delano, 24' n0 1662. 



John Allin. (Scituate.) 

Nuncupative will. Nicolas Baker aged 53 years, deposes that Timothy 
Hatherly and himself, heard the said Allin, two days before he died 
make the following distribution of his estate, — to Josias Leichfeld, the 
house he lived in, — to his wife the other house, where Jonas Littles 
lives. June 2, 1663. 

Inventory, 25 Sep 1662, by Hatherly, Baker, Walter Briggs, John 
Woodfeld, and James Cudworth. Am't. £168. 14 s * 6' 1, 



John Brown, Jr. (Rehoboth.) 

His will styles him of Wannamoiset. To his wife the three-score 
pounds, my father-in-law, Wm Buckland, was to pay as a marriage 
portion in 1660. To eldest son John. To his brother James. Gives 
to the care of his father, Mr John Brown (the executor of the will) 
five of his children for him to bring up. March the last, 1662. 
Witnesses, John Allin and Thomas Willet 

Inventory (£350) by Stephen Paine, Thomas Cooper and Peter Hunt. 



Mr John Brown, Sen'r. (Rehoboth) 

Will dated April 7. 1662. To da. Mary, wife of Thomas Willet— To 
grand child Martha, wife of John Safin — To grand child John Brown, 
the house his father died in, 700 acres in the Narraganset country, 350 
of which is on Great Neck — To grand children Joseph and Nathaniel 
Brown, 500 acres in the same place — To grand Children Lydia & 
Hannah Brown, the same quantity, their uncle James to dispose of it. 

His son James and wife Dorothy, executors. 

Witnesses Inventory (£655, I s . 2 d ) 

John Allin by Stephen Paine 

Rich d Bullock Thomas Cooper 

Sampson Mason Peter Hunt 

This copy of the will endorsed by an order of Court. 



John Churchill, Sen'r. (Plymouth) 

Nuncupative will exhibited at court May 3. 1662. Abigail Clark aged 
20 yrs, deposes that on Tuesday, 24 th Dec last, her kinsman, J. C. Sen r 
being ill, did express himself in manner &c, as followeth, that he gave 
to his son Joseph & Eleazer lands at Plymouth, and to sons John and 
William other property, all of which was confirmed by Joseph. 
Inventory (£74. 14 8 - 6 d -) by Nath 1 & Ephraim Morton. * 



1852.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 95 

Thomas Burman. (Barnstable.) 

Will, May 9. 1663. To his wife Hannah (the executrix of the will.) 
To his sons Thomas, Trustrum and Samuel, and daughters Hannah, 
Desire, Mary and MehetabeL Signed by his mark. Witnessed by 
John Smith and John Chipman. 

Inventory by Wm Crocker, John Howland, and Moses Rowley. 



A paper signed by James Phillips husbandman, stating that he had 
received the bequest of his uncle Wm Parker and his aunt Allis 
Paine, and binds himself &c, never again to molest their estates. 



Here closes the volume, with the exception of four papers, recorded by 
order of Court, letters from the quaker, Humphrey Norton, &c. To 
continue chronologically, these extracts, now begin with p. 1 of part ii. 
of this 2d volume, and finishing p. 57, a complete abstract of the vol- 
ume is thus given. 



Francis Cooke. (Plymouth.) 

His will dated 7 10 mo 1659. Makes his wife Hester and son John, ex- 
ecutors. Witnessed by Howland and Alden. 

Inventory, May 1, 1663, taken by Eph. Tuckham and Wm Crowe. 
Amt. £86. 11 s - l d - 



Samuel Hinckley, Sen. (Barnstable.) 

Will. To wife Bridget, sons Samuel, John and Thomas, daughters 
Susannah, Sarah, Mary, Elizabeth and Bathshoa, (da. of Thomas,) 
To his son [in law] Henry Cobb's sons Samuel and Jonathan. 

Inventory (£162. 16*') by Henry Cobb and Wm. Crocker. 



Samuel House. (Scituate.) 

Inventory at the request of his children Samuel and Elizabeth House, 
taken 12 Sep 1661, by Timothy Hatherly, Nicolas Baker, Joseph 
Tilden and Isaac Chittenden. £249. 17 s * 



John Fobes. (Bridgewater.) 

Wm Brett and Arthur Harris depose that being with goodman ffobes of 
Bridgewater, lying sick and expecting his change, he disposed a part 
of his Estate to his two eldest sons John and Edward, and to his 
daughter Mary, and left the remainder to be divided by his wife. 

Inventory, July 31, 1662. 



Mitchell. (Duxbury.) 
" Loveing frind Experience Michell, my love and my wife's remem- 
bered unto thee and thy wife. I thought it fitt to acquaint you with the 
death of my [thy ?] Sister's Son John, whoe died att my house on the 
sixt day of the week, being as I judged, about the 10 th day of July, 1661 ; 
hee was sensable untill about two houres before hee died and did say, 
Oh Lordj when shall my change come ; hee was not affraid of death ; 
hee was with Mistress Swift to bee cured of his desease. The land his 
father gave him, John gave to his brother Willam, onely Edward is to 
have his choise, when they do devid the two Shares, his love he remem- 
bered to his Mother and to his brothers and Sisters ; hee was buryed on 
the last day of the week. I have sent his clothes by John Smith, of Ply- 



96 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [Jan. 

mouth, they will be left at John Smithes house of Plymouth, that if 
there bee an opportunitie to convey them to his mother, you may know 
where they are, 

Soe I rest 

Youer frind, 
George Allin of 
Sandwich. 
" Postscript — " 

You may send this writing 
to his mother, as you have 
oppertunitie. 

And Subscribed thus — 
To his Frind Experience 
Michell of Duxburrow, 
give this. 



Richard Sylvester, Sen. (Marshfield.) 
His will appoints his wife Naomy, Executrix. 

To Sons John, Joseph, Israel, Richard and 

Benjamin, and daughter Lydia, Dinah, 

Elizabeth, Naomy and Hester, 

"Witnesses. Inventory, 

John Hanmore, Sep. 24, 1663, 

James Torrey, Sen, £244, 5 s ll d . 



Nathaniel Rawlins. (Scituate.) 

Inventory, 29 Dec. 1662, taken on oath of his widow Lydia by Thomas 
King and Humphrey Johnson. 



Rev. Samuel Newman, (Rehoboth.) 

Will dated Nov. 18, 1661. Names his wife Sybil, his Son, Samuel, 
Antipas, Noah (to whom he gave his library), and da. Hopestill. Men- 
tion is also made of 3 daughters. Gives bequests to his old servants 
Mary Humphreyes of Dorchester, Elizabeth Cubby, of Weymouth, 
Elizabeth Palmer, of Rehoboth, and Lydia Winchester, my present 
one. 

He died July 5, 1663. His will witnessed by John Hinckley, Sam 1 . 
Newman, Jr. He appointed Stephen Paine, Sen. Dea Thomas Cooper, 
and Lt. Hunt, overseers of his will. 

Inventory taken by overseers, July 31, 1663. 



Robert Abell. (Rehoboth.) 

Inventory, 9 Aug 1663. (£354. 17 s - 9 d -) by S. Paine, T. Cooper and 

Peter Hunt. 
In connection are named his " eldest son, his widow, his daughter Mary, 

and his 5 children." 



Joan Swift. (Sandwich.) 
Will dated 12 8 mo 1662. To Daniel Wing's two sons Samuel and 
John — to grand children Hannah Sivift and Experience Allin — to 
Mary Darby — to Hannah Wing, the elder and her daughters — to 
Zebediah Allin — to son William (executor) and his children. Ap- 
points as overseers the witnesses John Vincent and Benj. Hammond. 
Inventory taken 25 10 mo 1663 by Rich d Brown and James Skiff. 



1852. J Notices of Publications. 97 



NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



Names of the State Officers in California for 1851, is the title of a 
printed document, sent to the Society by A. Randall, representative 
from Monterey. 

It is valuable for giving all the names of members; the last place whence they emi- 
grated, the date of their arrival, occupation, official station, residence, place of nativity, 
age, social relations, politics, and, as to few of them, the route, by which they arrived. 
It is observable, that a large proportion of the Senate and Assembly are unmarried. 
Such documents would save much in effectual search, relative to persons and facts, 
which they contain, a hundred years hence, if they should continue to be published 
and carefully preserved in public depositaries. The world, from its first centuries, has 
ever been learning wisdom, but has never become sufficiently wise on this subject. 

The New Hampshire Annual Register and United States Callendar, for 
the year 1852. Concord, N. H., by the author, G. Parker Lyon. 
24mo. pp. 156. 

This is a useful publication. The writer of it is evidently a man of patient investi- 
gation and accurate taste in statistical and historical concerns. Its account of the sev- 
eral Conventions and Congresses prior to the adoption of a temporary Constitution for 
N. H. ; the names of the delegates to the Conventions of 1778 and 1781, to form a 
Constitution ; and to those of 1791 and 1850, for the revisions of thia document, — are 
of high value. 

Proceedings of the Kilbourn Historical and Genealogical Society. 12mo. 
1851. 

Such doings were at tie third annual meeting- of the Kilbourn family at Litchfield, 
Ct., from various quarters. This gathering was at the house of Payne Kenyon Kil- 
bourn, who has given sensible proof of strong attachment to his kindred, by publishing 
144 octavo pages, relative to their history and genealogy. The occasion was one of 
deep sympathy, just purposes, pleasant recollections and profitable intercourse. 

A Short Genealogical Account of a few of the Families of the Early Set- 
tlers in Eliot, and of a branch of the Moody Family. By William 
Fogg. 22 pp. 16mo. Printed at Saco, by A. A. Hanscomb. 1851. 

This must be a pleasant remembrancer, to survivors thus commemorated, of the rel- 
ative ties, which bind them. Among the romantic incidents, brought to view, is one 
concerning James Fogg. As he was passing in a boat, up the Piscataqua, a moonlight 
summer evening, and was nigh Eliot neck, his young heart was charmed with the songs 
of female voices. Especially did his memory love to dwell on the sweet notes of one, 
who helped make the choir. He was soon after introduced to her, and perceived, that 
not only her musical taste, but her whole personal appearance and manners came fully 
up to his expectation. Her name was Miss Remick. Their attachment became mu- 
tual. They were married in 1756. She proved herself a wife above the price of rubies, 
and, dying in 1783, her last end was like that of the righteous. 

History of Dorchester. First Number. Octavo, pp. 60. Edited by a 
Committee of the Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society. 
Published by Ebenezer Clapp, Jr. Boston. 1851. 

This is a welcome contribution towards the particular histories of our ancient Towns. 
Its contents and attire afford promise, that, if what remains be as good as the present 
specimen, and be seasonably published, we shall have cause to meet it with a hearty 
greeting. There are some mooted points, which the published number suggests, but 
which our limits are too narrow to discuss. The account of primitive settlers, from p. 38 
to 60, constitutes a valuable portion of the pages issued. May the work go on and 
prosper to a successful issue. 

12 



98 Notices of Publications. [Jan. 

A Family Record of the Descendants of John SpofFord and Elizabeth, 
his Wife. By Jeremiah SpofTord, Physician of Groveland, late Brad- 
ford, Mass. Octavo. 64 pp. Haverhill. Printed by E. G. Froth- 
ingham. 1851. 

Among the relative duties, devolving on the author of this production, he has per- 
formed one, ere the flow of life has ceased, of collecting, arranging and publishing all, 
he could, of his kindred. To others, who have little desire for such pursuits, it may 
seem, as though it were almost useless to allow time and thought for its Lbors. But 
not so to him and his coadjutors in the same cause. They ask, is it honorable for the 
scholar to search out the mineral ore in its various deposits and analyze the flowers of 
the field, and thus promote the studies of natural science ? Much more so is it for them 
to expend effort on the various branches of their race, who stand at the head of all other 
earthly things, and who have spread out in every direction. 

The United States monthly Law Magazine and Examiner. Vol. 4. 
No. 3-6. 8vo. 209-600 pp. New York. By John Livingston, 
editor and proprietor. 1851. 

The first number contains a continuation of " Canccllarise Origines," notice of John 
Belton O'Neall, Recent American Decisions, and Conversion by Deed. The article at 
the head of these, exhibits much learning and talent. The second is full of interest, as 
an example of worth in all the relations of life ; a stimulus for the young to walk up- 
rightly, as the only course to lasting esteem and usefulness, and for the more advanced 
to continue in the same direction so that their path may shine more and more unto the 
perfect day. The rest furnishes instances of legal decisions, to which the lawyer may 
look with profit in the quickening of his knowledge, and in the consideration of devel- 
opements from great minds, of opinions diverging from his own bias, and of expositions, 
which confirm his trust in the fixed principles of truth. The three following numbers, 
which are bound together, present us with a biographical notice of John W. Edmonds, 
worthy of perusal for triumph over difficulties in public stations, by the prompt and per- 
severing application of intellectual and moral powers, as necessary for the prevention of 
great abuses. They next set before us a valuable paper on the legal rates of interest 
and the penalties for Usury, in the various states of our country. They further favor 
us with " Legal forms of acknowledgments in the execution and authentication of deeds 
in every State. This is very desirable for Commissioners, whose business is extended 
to portions of the Union other than that in which they dwell. As the last, but the most 
extended labor of all, they supply us with a list of the lawyers in every State, preceeded 
with a table of the Counties in the Union, with their respective shire towns. Such a 
Vade Mecum, containing the names of 24,948 professional men, is a prize even for future 
genealogy and history, and particularly for the many, who have pecuniary business with 
more or less of so great a host. Whether the toiling editor is repaid or not for his exer- 
tions, he certainly deserves much encouragement. His laudable aim is to provide fare 
for the supporters of his work, so that they may be sustained in their intellectual wants, 
and be strengthened in their professional progress. 



Errata, etc. — Vol. V. p. 332, Thomas Payne m. Rebecca Peck; 2d, Mary Lawson. 

Samuel, son of Augustine Clement of Dorchester, married Hannah, dau. of Maudit 
English or Inglish, of Boston. On the Record it stands Tngs, incorrectly Jugs, in Regis- 
ter Vol. V. p. 398, 468. See Reg. Vol. II. p. 79; Vol. V. p. 302, 440. Page 398, Vol. 

V., read Experience Collacot m. Richard Miles, instead of Miles : page 400, Vol. 

V., read Experience Hall m. Roger Helyar, instead of Helyar. 

In reference to items on the 20th page, the printed census of England in 1841, gives 
the subsequent facts : — Lawton is in Chester county, and Lowton in Lancashire ; 
Wooton is not in the latter County, and Whitney is in Herefordshire. — [Pub. Com. 

Page 57, Samuel Winslow mar. Huldah Swett. Page 58, read John B. S. Jackson. 

Page 58, present Vol. — John Barnard Swett, son of Dr. John Barnard Swett, married 
Delia, daughter of Dr. Coffin of Gloucester, Mass., and has children. 



d^p 5 * The delay in the issue of the present nnmber of the Register was unavoidable. 
Hereafter the work will appear promptly on the regular day of its publication. 



1852.] Special Notices. 99 

PUBLISHER'S NOTICE. 

The friends of the Register who have heretofore heen subscribers to the work, will, 
we trust, continue to give it their support. We need their continued assistance ; and 
we hope with the commencement of the new year, to have many new names added to 
our list. The number of subscribers to the Register is small ; but the very low price of 
its subscription, places its within the reach of every one. A work of this character, 
must, necessarily, depend almost entirely for its support upon those, who are friendly 
to its objects. Consequently, there is the greater necessity that its friends use their ex- 
ertions in its behalf. We hope, that those who are subscribers, will exert their influence 
in procuring new ones. If each one of our patrons would send in a new name to add 
to our list, we should be greatly encouraged to go on in the good work, while it would 
place the magazine on a more permanent basis, and its field of usefulnessness be thereby 
greatly extended. 

We want the co-operation of our antiquarian friends. Without it, we cannot hope 
to succeed ; and it remains with them to determine whether the only journal in New 
England devoted to so noble and praiseworthy a purpose, shall be sustained or not. 
There are certainly enough of those in our immediate vicinity, who take an earnest in- 
terest in all such matters, and we are unwilling to believe that they willsae so valuable 
an organ lack support. 

SPECIAL NOTICES. 

GEF" The Publishing office of the Register is at No. 11 1-2 Tremont Row, at the 
Society's Room, at which place, Mr. Wm. B. Trask, our agent, will for the present 
be found to attend to the business matters of the Register. 



02P We should consider it a favor if our subscribers would comply with the terms of 
the Register, in making payment in advance. The amount from each, though trifling, 
would be of great service in enabling us to meet the necessary expenses of publication. 

Subscribers in towns where we have no agent, will please remit the amount of their 
subscription by mail. 



Id 3 * Persons sending their names as subscribers to this work, are requested, if they 
please, to state when and where they were born, their present and former places 
of residence, the names of their parents, and such other particulars as they see fit to 
send. These facts will be lodged in the archives of the Society, and thus the names of 
the promoters and encour agers of this enterprise will be preserved with valuable 
genealogical facts for future enquirers. The names of many who take the Register 
through agents have not been received. 



(j^lT* Samuel. G. Drake, Esq., late publisher of the Register, is authorized to re- 
ceive subscriptions for the Register and any monies paid on account of the same, from 
this date. 

0^" Any persons who will copy or prepare exact lists of the earliest births, deaths, 
and marriages, from town, parish, or other Records, of any town, place, or family, 
and send such to the publisher of this work, will confer an obligation on the community. 
They will be deposited in the archives of the Society, and duly labelled with the name 
of the contributor, and published from time to time in the Register. 



Searcher of Records. — Persons desirous of having the various Records exam- 
ines for genealogical information, in and about Boston, can secure the services of a gen- 
tleman well qualified for the service, on application at the office of this publication, No. 
11 1-2 Tremont Row, Boston. 



100 



Donations, fyc. 



[Jan. 



Donations in books, papers, &c, besides those already acknowledged, have been 
received for the Society's Library, since January, 1851, from the following sources, 



viz. : 

Hon. C. F. Adams. 

Gen. Saml. Andrews. 

British Government, by Lord 
Carlisle. 

John B. Burke, Esq., of Lon- 
don, author of the Peerage, 
&c. 

J. B. Bright. 

W. G. Brooks. 

Isaac O. Barnes. 

S. Blanding. 

H. .T Beckwith. 

James Brown. 

Thomas Bridgman, 

C. J. F. Binney. 

D. M, Balfour, 

Rev. R. M. Chipman. 
Dr. J. Checkering. 
Joshua Coffin. 
Ebenezer Clapp, Jr. 
D. C. Colesworthy. 
Jonathan H. Cobb, Esq. 
S. G. Drake. 
John Dean. 
Nathl. Dearborn. 

A. B. Davenport, 

B. Homer Dixon. 
I. P. Davis. 
Henry W. Domett. 
Hon. Edward Everett. 



Editors Southern Literary 

Messenger. 
Hon. T. Farrar. 
Joseph B. Felt. 
Richd. Frothingham, Jr. 
Fowlers & Wells, N. Y. 
Abner Forbes. 
Wm. Fogg. 
James French. 
Saml. A. Green. 
Guy C. Haynes. 
Chas. Hosmer. 
Edwin Hall. 
Hon.N.K. Hall, P.M. G. 

Washington. 
S. H. P. Hall. 
Andrew Johonnot. 
Hon. Francis Jackson. 
Edward Jarvis, M. D. 
Frederic Kidder. 
J. Q. Kettelle. 
Jas. S. Loring. 
B. J. Lossing. 
Rev. Chas. Lowell, D. D. 
John L. Libby. 
John G. Locke. 
Geo. Livermore. 
G. Parker Lyon. 
James Munroe. 



W. H. Montague. 

J. McClennen. 

Joseph Moulton. 

Frederic S. Pease. 

Pollard & Barry. 

J. W. Parker. 

F. W. Prescott. 

Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

Alonzo H. Quint. 

Henry Rice, Jr. 

John R. Rollins. 

A. Randall. 

N.B. Shurtleff, M. D. 

Smithsonian Institution. 

Gen. Wm. H. Sumner. 

Isaac W. Smith. 

J. Wingate Thornton, Esq. 

Trustees State Librarv,N. Y 

Wm. B. Trask. 

Jona. Tenney. 

Asa Tyler. 

Dr. Ira Webster. 

Hon. Amasa Walker. 

Andrew H. Ward. 

J. W. Wright. 

Joseph Willard. 

Wm. Willis. 

T. B. Wyman, Jr. 

N. Wyman. 



From an unintentional omission, the following donations have not been published in 
the Register. The Royal Families of England, etc. 2 vols, Historic Lands of England, 
Heraldic Register, Romance of the Aristocracy, 2 vols., and Roll of Battle Abbey. By 
John B. Burke, Esq. of London. 

The record of Caernarvon, General Report of Commissioners, Rotulorum, Origina- 
lium Abbreviatio, 2 vols., Placitorum Abbreviatio, Rotuli Literarum Clausarum, 2 
vols., Rotuli Chartarum, Rotuli Lit. Patentium, Ancient Laws of England, Ancient 
Laws of Wales, Exchequer Documents, Documents of the Early History of Scotland, 
Rotuli Curioe Regis, 2 vols., Excerpta e Rotulis Finium, 2 vols., the Great Roll of the 
Pipe, Fines, 2 vols., Valor Ecclesiasticus Henry VIII, Modus Tenendi Parliamentium, 
Kalendars and Inventories of the Exchequer, 3 vols., Rotuli Normanniae, Rotuli Liber- 
ate, Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus. By the British Government. For these valuable 
gifts, the Society would tender their thanks to the generous donors. 



List of gentlemen, who have been elected members of the Society, continued from the April 
number. 



J. Bernard Burke, Esq., London, Eng, 
Rev. Edwd. Turner, Maresfield, Sussex, Eng, 
Wm. Lincoln, Esq. Boston, Resident member.. 
Benson J. Lossing, Esq., N.Y., Correspond'g. 
Mr. H. B. Wheelweight, Taunton, Resident. 
Hon. Isaac Davis, Worcester, " 

Sebastian Ferris Streeter, Esq., Baltimore, 

Md., Corresponding. 
Mr. John Doane, Jr., Charlestown, Resident. 
Mr. Oliver Adams Locke, Boston, " 



Wm. C. Folger, Esq., Nantucket, Corres'g. 
Mr. Wm. Blake Trask, Dorchester, Resident. 
Mr. Thomas R.Trowbridge, N.H., Cor'g. 
Mr. Wm. S. Thacher, Boston, Resident. 
Rev. Saml. F. Clarke, Athol, Corresponding. 
Mr. Addison Child, Medford, Resident. 
Luther M, Harris, M. D., Jamaica Plains, 

Roxbury, Resident. 
Lt. Chs. Henry Davis, Cambridge. Corres'g. 
Samuel Jennison, Esq., Worcester, Resident. 



ICJ^Our Genealogical and Antiquarian friends will be pleased to learn that the very 
industrious Registrar of the City of Boston, Artemas Simonds, Esq., will soon have 
a large vacancy in the old records of marriages and deaths supplied, sp far as he can 
supply them from the various church records, and other sources. 



1852.J 



Marriages and Deaths. 



101 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 



MARRIAGES. 

Neptune, John, (Indian Governor of 
the Penobscots,) was married at Ban- 
gor, Me., to Miss Mary Paul, Soosup, 
20 Nov. His age is 87, and, that of his 
wife, 73. — Bangor Whig. 

Thornton, Mr. Charles Cutts 
Gookin, of Boston, by his brother, 
Rev. James B. Thornton, Jr., to 
Miss Hannah Bartlett, daughter 
of Josiah Calef, Esq., and great- 
grand-daughter of Josiah Bartlett, 
signer of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, 27 November, at Saco, Maine. 

Thornton, Rev. James Brown, Jr., 
of Scarboro', Me. to Miss Kathleen 
Wolcott, only daughter of Wyllvs 
Stoughton, of South Windsor, Con- 
necticut, by Rev. Dr. Hooker, at South 
Windsor, Wednesday, Dec. 17. 

Eastman, Mr. Harrison, late of Con- 
cord, N. H. to Miss Sophia Ann 
Eastman, late of Franklin, N. H. at 
San Francisco, Cala. 30 Octobet. 



DEATHS. 

Andrews, Miss Betsey, Hingham, 11 
Dec. suddenly, as. 66. 

Andrews, Ebenezer Turrell, 
Esq., Boston, 9 Oct., 1851, 33. 85, want- 
ing 39 days, having been born in Boston, 
18 Nov., 1766. He was a printer, and 
of the noted firm of Thomas § Andrews, 
whose names appear in the imprints of 
more books, probably, than any others 
of their times. His old partner, Isaiah 
Thomas, (to whom Mr. Andrews was 
an apprentice,) died in Worcester, 4 
April, 1831, 33. 81. By which examples, 
and numerous others within our recollec- 
tion, it is evident that the business of 
printing is not inconsistent with long life. 
Mr. Andrews was an upringht and hon- 
orable man, and though very liberal in 
respect to all valuable public enterprizes, 
he died leaving a large estate. He was 
an Honorary Member of the N. Eng. H. 
Gen. Society. 

Batchelder,Mrs. Annah,N. Read- 
ing, 21 Oct., 33. 85. 

Black, Mrs. Mary, Ellsworth, Me., 
Oct., ae. 76; she was daughter of Gen. 
David Cobb, late of Taunton, Ms. — 
" For 73 years, her life was one of un- 
interrupted health, when a severe sick- 
ness of two months broke down her 
constitution. She was a fond and anx- 
ious mother, the friend of the poor, and 
a devoted christian. She left 30 grand- 
children." 



Bliss, Mr. Nathan, Springfield, Nov., 
21 33. 87. 

Bradford, Mrs. Mary, Boston, 16 
Oct., 83. 74 yrs., 2mo. 21 days; wid. of 
Mr. Ezra Bradford. 

Brinley, Mr. Edward, Pesth Amboy, 
N. J., 8 Sept. in his 95 year. He was 
born in Newport, R. I., and was de- 
scended from an ancient English family; 
one of his direct ancestors having been 
Auditor General of Charles I., and after 
the Restoration he held the same office 
under Charles II. He had resided in P. 
Amboy for the last 17 years. 

Brown, Mr. Moody, Cornich, Me., 
Oct., as. 87; a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. 

Buchanan > James, Esq., at Elm- 
wood, near Montreal, Oct. a?. 80. He 
formerly resided in New York, as Brit- 
ish Consul. While there he wrote and 
published sketches of the History, Man- 
ners and Customs of the N. American 
Indians, 2 Vols., 18 mo., 1824, and in 
8vo. London, the same year; a work 
of some merit. 

Buel, Dr. William, Litchfield, Ct., 15 
Oct., 33. 84. 

Chickering. Needham, July 17, 

1737. This day died here, Mrs. Lydia 
Chickering, in the 86 year of her 
age. She was born at Dedham in New 
England, on July 14th 1652, and about 
the year 1671 went up from thence to 
Hadley, where, for the space of about a 
year, she waited upon Col. Whalley and 
Col. GofFe, (two of King Charles I. 
Judges) who had fled thither from the 
men that sought their life. She was the 
daughter of Capt. Daniel Fisher, of 
Dedham, one of the Magistrates of this 
Colony under the Old Charter, having 
lived a virtuous life. She died univer- 
sally respected, and came to her grave 
in a full age, as a shock of corn cometh 
in, in his season. [Com. by Dr. L. M. 
Harris, of Jamacia Plains,from Mat- 
calf Papers, 1851.] 

Chipman Capt. Washington, of 
Boston, at Chincha Islands, Peru, about 
20 Aug. master of the ship Palmyra. 

Cobb, Mr. Robert, Boston, 22 Oct., 33. 
62; from injuries received from a fall. 

Cobb, Mr. Salmon, Canaan, N. H., 
(formerly of Mansfield, Ms.,) 4 Nov., 33. 
91; a revolutionary soldier. 

Cogswell, Joseph, Tamworth, N. H., 
17 March, 1851, of bilious fever. He 
was born at Haverhill, 16 April , 1764, 
and was a brother of the late Col. Amos 
Cogswell, of Dover, whose family is 
described on page 207 of Volume V. of 



102 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[Jan. 



the Genealogical Register, and who died 
January 28, 1826. He was the last sur- 
vivor of the nineteen children of Na- 
thaniel Cogswell, (all of whom were 
baptized in the Congregational Church of 
Haverhill, Mass.,) who finally removed 
to Atkinson, N. H., where he died, 
March 23, 1783, aged 76, having been 
born, January 19, 1707, and whose 
wife was Judith Badger, born February 
3, 1724, daughter of Joseph Badger, of 
Newbury, Mass., born 1698, who mar- 
ried Hannah Peaslee, born May 1, 1703, 
and died January 15, 1734, who was 
the daughter of Col. Nathaniel Peaslee, 
born June 25, 1682 ; who married Ju- 
dith Kimball. Col. P., was son of Dr. 
Joseph Peaslee, born at Haverhill, Sept. 
9, 1646, and died Nov. 5, 1723, and he 
had a wife, Ruth Barnard, and grand- 
son of Joseph Peaslee, the emigrant 
settler, made a freeman in 1642, settled 
at Newbury, Mass., went to Haverhill, 
Mass., before 1646, thence to that part 
of Salisbury, now Amesbury, where he 

died, Dec. 3, 1660; wife Mary . 

Joseph Badger, born 1698, at New- 
bury, moved to Haverhill, and died 
April 7, 1760, aged 62, having married 
a second wife, July 29, 1735, who died 
Dec. 22, 1762, having had several chil- 
dren. She was Hannah, widow of Eb- 
enezer Pearson, who was an inn-holder 
at Bradford, Mass., and by whom she 
had six children. She was born Janua- 
ry 4, 1700, and was Hannah, daughter 
of Samuel Moody, of Newbury. 

The parents of this Joseph Badger, 
were John, born April 26, 1665, mar- 
ried Oct. 5, 1691 ; Rebecca, born March 
15, 1667, daughter of Isaac Brown, 
who married Rebecca Bailey, August 22, 
1661, and died May 13, 1764. This 
Isaac Brown, was son of Thomas Brown, 
weaver, who came to Newbury, 1635, 
from Malford, England, died by a fall, 
January 8, 1687, aged 80; and his wife, 
Mary, died June 2, 1655. This Re- 
becca Baily, is believed to have been 
the daughter of John, Jr., born 1613, 
married Eleanor Emery, and grand 
daughter of John Bailey, Sr., weaver, 
from Clippenham, England, who was 
shipwrecked at Pemaquid, now Bristol, 
Maine, August 15, 1635, went to Salis- 
isbury, thence to Newbury, in 1650, 
when he died, Nov. 2, 1651. 

John Badger, was the son of Sergeant 
John Badger, born June 30, 1643, by 

his first wife, Elizabeth ; freeman 

1674; married a second wife, Feb. 23, 
1671, Hannah Swett; and had children 
by both wives. Sergeant John was son 
of Giles Badger, who died at Newbury, 
July 10, 1647. He was of Newbury, 
1635, and his wife was Elizabeth, da. of 
Capt. Edmund Greenleaf, who came to 



Newbury, early with his wife, Sarah; 
removed to Boston about 1650, and died 
there, 1671. The widow of Giles Bad- 
ger, Feb. 16, 1648, became the second 
wife of Richard Browne, of Newbury. 
Another dau. of Capt. Greenleaf, Ju- 
dith, born 1628, married first, Henry 
Somerby, died 2 October, 1652, and se- 
cond, Iristram Coffin. Henry Somer- 
by 's daughter, Elizabeth, born Nov. 164C , 
m., 23, Nov. 1663, Nathaniel Clark ; 
and, after his death (in Cauada), 25 
Aug., 1690, aged 46, having been 
wounded on board the ship " Six 
Frends," on an expedition there ; his 
widow married, 8 Aug., 1698, Rev. 
John Hale of Beverly. Her daughter, 
Sarah Clark, born 12 Jan., 1678, m. 
Judge Nicholas Gilman, of Exeter, N. 
H., whose dau. Joanna, (born 14 July, 
1720, died 3 April, 1750,) became, 9 
Deer., 1742, the first wife of Col. John 
Went worth 4 of Somersworth, N. H., as 
see Gen. Reg. for 1850, pp. 329, 330 
and 331. 
Cogswell, Nathaniel was son of 
John, born at Ipswich, Mass., 1650, 
died there 1710, aged 60 yrs. All that 
is known of his wife, is that her name 

was Hannah . He was the son of 

William, of Ipswich, born 1619, died 
about 1701. His wife was Elizabeth. 
His father was the original emigrant. 
Cogswell, John made freeman 1636, 
who was a merchant in London, and 
came to this country and settled in Ips- 
wich, Mass., in 1635. In his passage, 
he was wrecked at Pemaquid, now 
Bristol, Me. He died 29 Nov., 1669, 
leaving a wife and seven children, three 
of them sons. John b, 1623, William 
and Edward, born about 1629. 
Cogswell, Dr. Joseph the subject of 
this sketch, was one of the eight sons of 
Nathaniel and Judith (Badger) Cogs- 
well, who served in the aggregate, over 
thirty eight years, in the war of the rev- 
olution. He studied medicine with his 
brother, Dr. William Cogswell, died at 
Atkinson, N. H., 1 Jan., 1831, in his 
71st year, (father of the late William 
Cogswell, D. D., who died at Gilman- 
town, 18 April, 1850, aged 62,) who then 
had charge of the Military Hospital of 
the United States at West Point, the 
army being stationed there. He after- 
wards acted as Surgeon's mate while 
the war continued. He settled in War- 
ner, N. H., in 1787, joined the Congre- 
gational church there, in 1789, and 
continued there until August, 1790, 
when he removed to New Durham, N. 
II., where he remained until 1797, when 
he removed to Tamworth, N. H., where 
he resided until the day of his death, 
and kept full possession of all his facul- 
ties to the last hour. 



1852.] 



Marriages and Deaths. 



103 



His wife was Judith Colby of War- 
ner, N. H., whom he married, 27 Deer. 
1788, and so lived with her over 62 yrs. 
She was born in Amesbury, Mass., 25 
Sept., 1771, and so is near eighty years 
of age. She had twelve children, only 
four of whom, Ebenezer and Joseph 
(homestead) of Tamworth, Rev. Eliot 
Colby Cogswell, of N. Market, N. H., 
and a married daughter now live. Rev. 
Eliot C, Graduate of Dart. Coll. in 1838, 
m. Sophia Adams, of Gilmantown, N. 
H., a decendant of Richard Otis, of 
Dover, through his daughter, Christine, 
who m. Capt. Thomas Baker, of Dover. 
See Reg., last Volume, 217. Among 
the grandchildren of the deceased, is 
Joseph Cogswell Wiggin, Town clerk of 
Sandwich, N. H. 

Conrad, Mr. John, Philada., 7 Dec, 
a?. 75 ; formerly one of the most exten- 
sive publishers in that city. " During 
the war of 1812 he served at Camp Du 
Pont as Paymaster of volunteers. He 
was honored with commissions and im- 
portant offices under governor's Snyder, 
Findley, Schultz, Wolf and Ritner, and 
repeatedly elected one of the municipal 
officers of his own city. He was a la- 
borious student, and has left behind 
large volumes in Ms. on history and 
other subjects." 

Creighton, Hon. William, Chilli 
cothe, O., Sept., ae. 73 ; one of the ear- 
liest settlers of Ohio. 

Croswell, Rev. William, D. D., 
Boston, 9 Nov., se. about 50. He was 
a native of New Haven, Ct , but had 
been for many years an inhabitant of 
this city, and at one time rector of the 
North Church. At the time of his death 
he was rector of the Church of the Ad- 
vent in Green street. He was siezed 
with apoplexy about the close of the 
afternoon service, was immediately con- 
veyed home, and died in about an hour 
after. He was a most amiable and ben- 
evolent gentleman, and his loss will be 
heavily felt, by all who knew him. 

Danforth, Capt. Jacob, Amherst, 
N. H., 15 Nov., ae. 85. 

Davis, Mr. Daniel, Madisonville, O., 
18 Feb., 03. 100 yrs., 8mo., 1 day. 

Dean, Mr. Seth, at Barnard, Vt., 33. 
96, a Revolutionary pensioner. He was 
the father of Rev. Paul Dean, of Fra- 
mingham, formerly pastor of Bulfinch St. 
Church, Boston. He was born at Hard- 
wick, Ms., 3 Oct., 1755, and early in the 
contest with the mother country, entered 
the American Army, and served at 
Roxbury, at Ticonderago, and in New- 
Jersey. He was one of the ten children 
of Paul Dean, of Hardwick, the united 
ages of nine, of whom (one having died 
in childhood) amount to 751 years, 
averaging upwards of 83 years to each. 



Their names and ages are as follows : 

Paul 81, Rosilla (Cheedle) 80, Anna 
(Ruggles) 93, Seth 96, Robert 70, Sarah 
(Hotchkiss) 80, Mary (Clapp) 86, 
Phebe (Clark) 81, Nathaniel 84. The 
only surviver is Nathaniel, who is the 
father of Amos Dean, Esq., of Albany, 
N. Y., author of " Medical Jurispru- 
dence " and other works. Paul Dean 4 , 
the father of the above family was 
son of Seth 3 , son of Ezra 2 , son of 
Walter 1 , original emigrant and an early 
settler of Taunton, Mass. [See Reg. III. 
387. 
Dickinson, Mrs. Mary, Franklin, 
Amherst, 23 Sept., ae. 86; wid. of the 
late Gad Dickinson. 
Ellmaker, Hon. Amos, Dec. "This 
gentleman died last week in Lancaster, 
Pa. Mr. E. was long an ornament to 
his profession, and was widely known 
as an eminent lawyer and excellent 
man. He was an officer in the army 
which marched from Pennsylvania to 
the defence of Baltimore in the war of 
1812. He was a member of Congress 
from the Dauphin district — was appoint- 
ed by Gov. Snyder, President Judge of 
the Dauphin, Lebanon, and Schuylkill 
district — was Attorney-General of the 
State, and in 1832 was a candidate for 
the Vice Presidency of the United States. 
He retired some years since from the ac- 
tive duties of his profession, and has 
since lived in Lancaster city, a highly 
esteemed citizen." 
Freeman, Mrs. Mehitable, Port- 
land, Me. 12 Dec. as. 81; widow of the 
late Capt. Joshua Freeman. 
Gray, Mrs. Sally, B., 6 Sept. The 
only remaining daughter of the late Col. 
Richard Taylor, and sister of the late 
President Zachary Taylor, at the 
residence of F. G. Edwards, Tennessee. 
Green. — Died in Portsmouth, N. H., Mr. 
Mark Green, as. 89. He was 3 years 
in the land and sea service of his coun- 
try in the time of the Revolution; was 
an original member of the Mechanic's 
Association, which membership he held 
49 years, in good standing; was engaged 
in building the first frigate (the Con- 
gress.) He has been confined to his 
house for the present year, but had lost 
no interest in the scenes, events and re- 
membrances of the Revolution. At the 
celebration of the 4th July, this year, he 
requested that a portion of the display 
might pass by his window. The si<rht 
afforded him great gratification. The 
day before his death, his thoughts were 
wandering over his early scenes, with 
such intensity, that he remarked, "Do 
you hear those guns ? Washington is 
reviewing his troops." — Dover Enq r . 
23 Sept., 1851, from Portsmouth Jour- 
nal. 



104 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[1851. 



Gurney, Mrs. Susannah B. W. 
Bridgewater, 12 Sept., 03. 93 yrs., 3 
months; widow of Capt. David Gurney. 

Hanna, Mrs. Mary, at Harrisburgh, 
Pa., 27 Ang. ae. 82, widow of Gen. John 
A. Hanna, and grand dau. of John Har- 
ris, the famous Indian trader, and the 
first settler on the site of Harrisburgh, 
and who gave his name to the place. 

Hartwell, Mrs. Mariel, Shirley, 23 
Sept., se. 89 yrs., 3 months; wid. of Dr. 
Benj. Hartwell. 

Holmes, Mrs. Caroline F. Thomas- 
ton, Me., Oct., wid. of the late Hon John 
Holmes, and youngest dau. of Gen. 
Knox, of the revolution. 

Huntoon, Hon. Jonathan G. Fair- 
field, 11 Nov.. oe. 70; formerly governor 
of Maine. He was a native of Unity, 
N. II. 

Huxford, Mr. Cornelius, Edgartown, 
Martha's Vineyard, 9 Aug r ., in the 100 th 
year of his age. A near neighbor to him 
has completed her 100 lh year, and al- 
though blind, is in comfortable health, 
and may live many months longer. Mrs, 
Rebecca Swain, of Nantucket, 
completed her 100 th year on the 13 th of 
August. She is apparently as active in 
body and mind as a large proportion of 
women reach the age of three score 
years and ten. Mrs. Swain is the first 
white person on Nantucket that has lived 
an entire century. On the Vineyard 
there have been several such instances. 
In the same house in which Mrs. Swain 
resides, a child was born on the day she 
attained her 100 th year. 

Ingle, Deac. Ebenezer, Machias, 
Me. se. 87 yrs., 7mo. ; he was born in 
Halifax, Ms., served as a soldier in the 
revolution several years; was at Valley 
Forge with Washington's division, and 
with Wayne at the taking of Stony 
Point. 

Isham, Mr. Jehiel, St. George, Me., 
17 Sept. 03. 99; a soldier of the revolu- 
tion. " He had living, 11 children, 68 
grand-children, 44 great-grand-children; 
of whom were present at his funeral, 8 
children, (whose united ages were 440 
years,) 24 grand children, and 21 great- 
grand children. 

Jackson, Mrs. Abigail, Boston, 5 
Dec. se. 88. 

Kempton, Mrs. Hannah, N. Bedford, 
22 Oct. a?. 74; widow of the late Mr. 
Samuel Kempton. 

Kingsbury, Deac. Samuel, Amherst, 
N. H., 27 Sept., ec. 88. 

Kingsley, Capt. Daniel, Auburn, 
Me., 4 Oct. ae. 93, a soldier in the revo- 
lution. 

Merriam, Mrs. Lucena, widow, 
Westminster, 11 Sept., 33. 80 yrs., 3 
months. 

Mills, Mr. Zacaeriati, Columbus, O., 



10 Oct., a3. 81. He was by trade a 
printer, and formerly was engaged in the 
office of the Boston Centinel, by Benj. 
Russell, another veteran prinert. 

Morgan, Capt. Nathaniel, Plain- 
field, N. H., 4 Sept., 83. 89. 

Moody, Mrs. Frances, Salem, 27 
Nov., a3. 73; widow of the late James 
Moody. 

Montfort, Col. John, N. Orleans, 
23 Oct. 33. 63. 

" The funeral of Col. John Mountford, 
who died suduenly at the Winthrop 
House on Tuesday, took place on Thurs- 
day afternoon, from St. Paul's Church, 
Rev. Dr. Vinton officiating. After the 
services in the Church, a procession was 
formed, which marched to the Copp's 
Hill burial ground, where the remains 
were deposited in a family tomb. The 
procession was long and imposing, and 
besides the numerous friends of the de- 
ceased in carriages, embraced a large 
number of the military. Cols. Holbrook 
and Covvdin, Lt. Col. J. C. Boyd, Adjt. 
Chickering, Capt. Clark, of the Boston 
Light Guard, and Capt. Wright, of the 
Pulaski Guards, acted as pall-bearers. 
Following the hearse, Brig. Gen. An- 
drews and Staff, and immediately be- 
hind was a delegation from each corps 
in the city — all in full uniform." 

The Transcript says : — " Col. Mount- 
ford was a native of Boston, and was 
born at North End 63 years ago. He 
early adopted the profession of a soldier, 
and distinguished himself as an artillery 
officer during the war of 1812, He was 
in the engagements at Little York, (now 
Toronto,) Plattsburg, and Fort Niagara. 
On Lake Ontario he volunteered, and 
served with his men as marines, and 
narrowly escaped death from a 42 pound 
shot. At Little York he received a se- 
vere wound from the explosion of the 
British Fort, which was blown up by the 
enemy, and caused the death of Gen. 
Pike, and had been three times honored 
with brevet rank. About 20 years ago 
he married Miss Mc'Neal, of New Or- 
leans, where he then took up his resi- 
dence. His death occurred while on a 
visit to his friends hereabouts, accom- 
panied by his wife, son, and daughter, 
whose grief is almost inconsolable at 
their great loss." 

Nicholson, Mr. James W., New Gen- 
eva, Pa. 6 Oct., 33. 29; only son of the 
late Comodore Nicholson. 

Niles, Mr. Nathan, East livermore, Me., 
Nov., a3. 70. He weighed, at the time 
of his death 462 lbs. 



JGgT We are indebted to Mr. Drake, 
the former publisher, for the preparation of 
the Marriages and Deaths. 



NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER, 



VOL. VI. APRIL, 1852. NO. 2. 



MEMOIR OF THE REV. FRANCIS HIGGINSON. 

BY JOSEPH B. FELT. 

Wise, emphatically wise, is the government of the universe. 
While the christian philanthropist ventures his all in the cause of 
reformation, and knows not that his eye will ever behold the end, 
for which he toils, he cherishes a heartfelt assurance, that a 
reward awaits him above the skies, proportioned to the purity of 
his motives and the fulness of his sacrifices. This is the key, 
which unlocks the mystery as to the readiness, with which multi- 
tudes of our race have forsaken the dearest attractions of life, and 
subjected themselves to labor, peril and suffering. This explains 
the reasonableness of the holy enterprize, in which Francis Hig- 
ginson and his associates embarked, not knowing what of earthly 
experience awaited them. But this they knew, and it was the 
impulse above all others, that the God whom they trusted and 
whom they served, would not surfer an iota of their devotedness 
to him and his cause, though hidden from the eye of human 
perception in its exercise and result, to be lost in his assignment of 
their everlasting portion. 

Connecting the short period of Mr. Higginson's continuance at 
Naumkeag, with that he passed in his father-land, we will 
endeavor to follow him by the comparatively small number of 
points in his history, which the consuming progress of time has 
left to our vision. He was the son of John Higginson, 1 born 1587. 
He received his A. B. 1609, at Jesus College, and his A. M. 1613, 
at St. John's, both of Cambridge University. We are informed, 
that he was settled as a strict conformist, with the rites and cere- 
monies of the national church, about 1615, at Claybrookc, 2 one 
of the parishes in Leicester. 

1 There is a tradition among one branch of the Higginson family in England, that 
this person was drowned in returning from a place where he had preached, at the ad- 
vanced age of 104. It seems not probable as to the great age, though possible. 

2 Claybrooke parish, in the census of England and Wales, 1841, is stated to be in the 
counties of Leicester and Warwick. 

13 



it 



106 Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. [April, 

Giving full proof, that he felt the importance of being a herald 
of the gospel, his precept and example deeply impressed his people, 
that his supreme desire and endeavor were to secure their spiritu- 
al, more than their temporal good, though benevolence shone out 
from all his labors for the whole circle of their best interests. 

The main scope of his ministry," as Cotton Mather 1 observed, 

was to promote first, a thorough conversion, and then a godly 
conversation among" them. In addition to this, his manners were 
courteous and obliging, his oratory, attainments and talents 
superior. Crowds, from the neighborhood, came to hear his 
dispensations of divine truth. His efforts were not in vain. As 
the reward, most precious to his heart, the Spirit of grace rendered 
them the means of turning many from darkness to light. Thus 
being, in his course, like the sun -in its constant revolutions, a 
source of benefit to all within his influence, he kept his engage- 
ment of close conformity with Ecclesiastical rules, for a considera- 
ble number of years. 

The question of such compliance was receiving increased 
attention and discussion, from no small number of the choicest 
clergy. While on the one hand, there were the favor and encour- 
agement of the State, to hold by its spiritual appointments, there 
were, on the other, its frowns and prosecutions for turning to an 
opposite direction. Being drawn, by kindred sympathies and 
motives, to the society of Heldersham and Hooker, he was induced 
more fully to search the Scriptures, so that he might ascertain 
whether the charge, that corruptions, in doctrine and practice, had 
alarmingly crept into the established Church, was true. The result 
was, that, about 1627, he took a decided stand with the Puritans. A 
consequence of such committal and of his own practical regard for 
consistency, was his exclusion from the parish, for whom he had 
faithfully toiled, as answerable to a tribunal, infinitely higher than 
human. 

Though aware, that he was numbered with the advocates for 
reform, then an odious distinction with their opponents, the large 
congregation, who still waited on his ministrations, could not 
consent to relinquish them. " He was unto them as a very lovely 
song of one, that hath a pleasant voice, and can play well on an 
instrument." They obtained permission for him to preach for 
them a part of the Sabbath, and, on the other, to assist an aged 
clergyman, who needed his help. His hearers freely contributed 
towards the support of himself and family. While they so 
manifested their attachment to him, the other clergymen of the 
Town invited him, until they were forbidden, to officiate in their 
churches. By this means " he preached successively in three " of 
these sanctuaries, even after he was legally disqualified by his 
non -conformity. 

Besides the labors already mentioned, he dispensed the truths of 
inspiration to a people at Beigrave village, a mile from Leicester. 
The calls for his service, were numerous, and he heard them with 
gladness of heart. It would have been pleasant to him, beyond 

y From the Magnalia of this learned author, many facts of this memoir are taken. 



1852.] Memoir of Rev. Francis Higginson. 107 

all the contributions of earthly greatness, could he have so pursued 
and finished his temporal career. But he had already been 
tolerated by Bishop Williams of Lincoln, whose diocese included 
Leicester, more than many high churchmen approved, and his 
liberty was to come under the control of Bishop Laud, who felt 
that his administration of office should be less indulgent. When 
this prelate had a difference with the former, he pursued the Pu- 
ritans, who were favored by him, with severity, supposing that 
his obligation to the kingdom could be sooner and better discharged 
in. this manner, than otherwise. But such policy brought fear and 
desolation to many a happy fireside, consecrated to the cause of 
Christ. Thus it was soon to be with the home of Higginson. 
The dread of displeased authority was to imbitter its joys, and 
the threats of the Star Chamber to scatter its happy inmates. 

Before, however, the storm began to beat in all its severity, 
some incidents occurred illustrative of Mr. Higginson's faithful 
and forgiving deportment. Among the evils, which he endeavored 
to remove from his people, according to the Thirty-nine Articles, 
was the allowance of immoral persons to be partakers of the 
Lord's supper. When the elements of this sacred festival were to 
be administered, he preached from the words, "Give not that 
which is holy to the dogs." Beginning to distribute the bread, an 
intemperate man, who failed to comply with his instruction, 
advanced for his portion. Mr. Higginson, in accordance with the 
Rubric, observed to him, that he was unwilling to grant him the 
privilege until he should manifest evidence of repentance. The 
individual so reproved, left the church much displeased. He lived 
but a little while after, and died with the words of despair on his 
lips. 

Another, a gentleman who lived in an adjacent parish, was 
greatly offended because his wife frequently attended the preach- 
ing of Mr. Higginson, and declared that he would be revenged on 
him. He, therefore, prepared to set out for London and there 
complain of him before the High Commission Court, as a non-con- 
formist. Attempting to mount his horse, he was seized with 
spasmodic pains and severe rebukes of conscience. He was 
carried into his house, and died in a few hours. 

An event or two more, of less sad and different results, follow. 
During the continuance of Mr. Higginson in Leicester, a Doctor 
in divinity, prebendary in a Cathedral and chaplain to his Majesty, 
resided there, though he seldom delivered a sermon. The latter 
minister was far from cherishing a brotherly disposition towards 
the former, either in faith or forms. He saw, that whenever he 
himself discoursed from the pulpit, the multitude had gone after 
the Puritan. Such preference grievously wounded his spirit, and 
he declared, that the Town should be cleared of so popular a rival. 
But having thus committed himself to the public, he fell into a 
trying dilemma. He was nominated by the sheriff, three months 
beforehand, to preach at the Assize. The honor, so proffered, he 
could not well decline, but the preparation to discharge the duty 
of it, he could not make to his own satisfaction. The time, within 
a fortnight, had already expired, when he spoke of his anxiety, 



108 Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. [April, 

and expressed his fear to friends, that he shonld fail in writing a 
suitable discourse. They urged him to try again, but if he cnnld 
not succeed, to call on Mr. Higginson, who was always ready, as 
a substitute. He did what he could, but without avail, till the 
very night before the Court assembled. Then, with emotions of 
mortification more easily imagined than described, he sent his wife 
to lady Cave, who desired Mr. Higginson to stand in his stead. 
The man, on whom he so loathfully depended, met his proposal 
kindly, and complied with his request, to the great acceptance of 
the large audience. But the end was not yet. After the particu- 
lars of the whole case were noised abroad, the public lost their 
respect for the Doctor so much, that he felt constrained to leave 
the place. In the meanwhile, their estimation of Mr. Higginson 
was greatly increased. Verily, the pit, prepared for the innocent, 
became the receptacle of its maker. 

As Leicester was accounted a place generally favorable to 
Puritanism, many "courtiers, lords and gentlemen" agreed 
on a plan for tarnishing its good name, by degrading 
themselves. Accordingly they visited it, invited the mayor 
and aldermen to partake of a collation, and prevailed on 
them to drink so many healths on their knees, that they were 
intoxicated. This disgraceful scene became the topic of common 
conversation. Mr. Higginson, believing that the offence came 
within the Scripture injunction, " Them that sin before all, rebuke 
before all, that others may fear," felt it his duty to deliver a public 
discourse. This he did in the presence of the Mayor and Alder- 
men, from a text, which was the basis of his remarks on the 
sinfulness of drinking healths and drunkenness, and particularly 
so in magistrates, whose obligation was to punish it in others under 
their authority. He applied the subject by admonishing them to 
repent of the scandal, thus committed. The reproof was variously 
taken. They who lightly esteemed the yoke of Christianity, were 
much displeased, and denounced it as impudence instead of 
faithfulness. Of this class were some of the men implicated in 
the fault. Others, who had so fallen, made ingenuous confessions 
of their offence. Many more, who counted divine command far 
above human deception and resentment, approved the sermon. 
No ill effects appeared to come on the preacher. 

After this, Mr. Higginson was selected' by the Mayor and 
Aldermen of Leicester, to be their city preacher. But aware that 
he could not, consistently with his belief, coincide with all the 
requisitions of such a trust, he recommended to them John Angel, 
a worthy conformist. Several valuable livings were, also, offered 
him, which he declined for a similar reason. A clear conscience 
with him, was worth more than all earthly preferments. 

While a conformist, he was often engaged in preaching visita- 
tion, assize and funeral sermons. Then and afterwards, he 
frequently took part in public and private fasts, and many 
resorted to hi in for the solution of their conscientious scruples. 
He did much service in teaching scholars, who were to enter, or 
who came from the University. Among them were Drs. Seaman 
and Brian, and Messrs. Richardson and John Howe, all of Leices- 



1852. J Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. 109 

tershire, who were eminent preachers, and expressed their 
obligations to him. When contributions were made for Protestant 
exiles from Bohemia and the Palatinate, he was among the most 
active to obtain them. Thus doing whatever his hands found to 
do, for the temporal and spiritual benefit of all, who came within 
the sphere of his action, his exertions, in that quarter, were soon to 
be curtailed and prevented. 

Bishop Laud, having resolved to cut short all indulgence to 
Puritan preaching, entered, with a more vigorous hand, 1628, on 
the accomplishment of his purpose. He received complaints 
against Mr. Higginson, who, consequently, expected pursuivants, 
every moment, to take him before the High Commission Court, 
from which he looked for nothing less than perpetual imprison- 
ment. Though we have no particular minutes to show how or 
when he was subjected to inflictions of law, yet his own assertion, 
on a subsequent occasion, assures us, that he " suffered much for 
non-conformity in his native land." 

Influenced by strong faith, that Providence intended this country 
as an asylum for the persecuted Puritans, Mr. Higginson issued, 
before his embarkation, an able and eloquent publication. 1 This 
was entitled, '• General! Considerations for the Plantation in New 
England, with an answer to several objections." Its sound 
discretion and elevated motives recommend, that its leading- 
thoughts should receive a passing notice. The considerations 
follow. First. It would be for the prosperity of the church in 
general, to have the Gospel planted on these shores, and would 
"raise a bulwark against the kingdom of Antichrist, which the 
Jesuits labor to rear up in all places of the world." Second. 
There was cause to fear, that God purposed to judge England, 
and to conclude that he had prepared the Colony as a refuge for 
his people. Third. England had an excess of poor population. 
Fourth. Emigrants hither would avoid the temptations before 
them, at home, from extravagance in living and dishonesty in 
business. Fifth. The literary and theological schools were 
expensive and corrupted. Sixth. Why should the poor starve, 
when there was land enough here for their support. Seventh. 
It is a noble work to help build up an infant church. Eighth. 
If any, possessed of wealth, take part in such an enterprise, they 
will give an example of self-denial, encourage emigration and 
the pious to pray for the prosperity of the settlement. 

From these premises, Mr. Higginson proceeds to offer objections 
and answer them. First. " It will be a great wrong to our owne 
church and country to take away the best people." Reply. But 
a small proportion of the most exemplary will leave the kingdom. 
Whoever of them go, will have opportunity for greater usefulness. 
Second. Though we have long feared judgments, yet we are safe. 
Reply. So thought the churches of the Palatinate, Rochelle, etc. 
Their delay to flee and their ruin should be a warning. Third. 

1 Though some have doubted whether this was his, Hutchinson declares it to be from 
his pen. Its subject was similar to that of the Planter's Plea, by White, and of the 
Path Way, by Smith. 



110 Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. [April, 

We have enough at home. Reply. We are like to have as good 
fare there in time, with the advantage of greater preparation for 
death and larger treasure in heaven. Fourth. We may perish or 
calamities come upon us. Reply. We should discharge duty 
and trust in God's Providence. Fifth. What right have we to 
the land of the Indians '? Reply. A plague has swept off the 
most of them. What remain, welcome us. There is more than 
enough for them and the emigrants. Sixth. We should not send 
the best of our ministers and magistrates. Reply. If great things 
he attempted by weak hands, the result will be accordingly. 
Seventh. Other plantations have failed. Reply. Their want of 
success may be traced to lack of religious motives and proper 
instruments. The head which dictated, and the heart which 
deeply sympathized with these opinions and sentiments, were of 
no ordinary texture. Indeed, for the occupation of our soil, Mr. 
Higginson offered ingenious and forcible reasons. Great was the 
moral power, that enabled him and his associates to determine, 
that they would tear themselves from home and kindred, and 
embark for the inhospitable coast of a distant and unsubdued 
wilderness. 

Probably referring to the treatise, a synopsis of which has been 
just presented, the Election Sermon of John Higginson, 1663, has 
the following passage : 

"It is now 35 years since, I well remember, in the year 28, * that 
one of the first ministers, that came over into this wilderness, 
giving some account of his grounds, in a great assembly of many 
thousands at Leicester in Old England, he mentioned this as one, 
the mercy of the Patent, and the largeness of the Patent, from the 
royal authority of England, for the people here to choose their own 
magistrates, and to admit unto freedom such as they should think 
meet, and that religion was the principal end of this Plantation in 
his Majesty's royal intention and the adventurers' free possession." 

So inclined, Mr. Higginson intended an extrication of himself 
and family from their afflictions, by a proposal to embark for 
Massachusetts, and consecrate his energies to the mission of 
dispensing the Gospel to the colonists and natives around them. 
In the transactions of the Company, who settled this territory, 
under March 23, 1629, we find the following record, literally and 
substantially. Information was given, by letters from Isaac John- 
son, the husband of Lady Arbella, "that one Mr. Higginson, of 
Leicester, an able minister, proffers to go to our plantation, who, 
being approved for a reverend, grave minister, fit for our present 
occasions, it was thought by these present, to entreat Mr. John 
Humfrey to ride presently to Leicester, and if Mr. Higginson may 
conveniently be had to go this present voyage, that he should 
deal with him. First, if his remove from thence may be without 
scandal to that people, and approved by the consent of some of 
the best affected among them, with the approbation of Mr. Hilder- 
sham, of Ashley " de la Zouch ; secondly, he may leave his wife 

1 Likely in March, 1628-9. 



1852.] Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. Ill 

and family till Bartholomew, so that they may be better accommo- 
dated with a passage, or not, as he prefers. 

We are informed, that the persons, authorized to communicate 
with Higginson on this subject, were acquainted with his continual 
expectation of officers to apprehend him. Being more in the 
merry than sorrowful mood, they concluded to render such 
knowledge a source of final diversion, by letting him and his 
family suppose, that they were servants of the law. There may 
have been circumstances, unknown to us, which excuse a strata- 
gem of this kind, but, as a general consideration, it is often 
injurious, and seldom the source of so much good as evil. The 
messengers knocked loudly at the door, and called aloud, "Where 
is Mr. Higginson 1 We must speak with him." His wife, greatly 
alarmed, as they might have thought, ran to his study, and 
entreated that he would secrete himself. He replied, "No, I will 
go down and speak to them, and the will of the Lord be done." 
They were admitted. Entering the hall, they approached him in 
a rough manner, and presented him with papers, saying, "Sir, 
we come from London ; our business is to carry you thither, as 
you may see by these papers." 

Mrs. Higginson, believing that her worst fears were about to be 
realized, exclaimed, " I thought so," and immediately began to 
weep. Her husband, however, soon indicated by his looks, that 
there was no cause for sorrow. The documents, so much dreaded 
as the messages of evil, were a copy of the Massachusetts Charter, 
and an invitation of the Company for him to be one of their 
efficient agents on the distant soil, to carry out their difficult 
enterprise. He welcomed his guests, conversed on the terms of 
contract, and other matters connected with the subject of momen- 
tous concerns. In view of this application, he first looked to God 
for direction, and then took counsel with his friends. Of these, 
Mr. Hildersham, who had long and severely suffered for endeavors 
to promote reformation in the National Church, said, " That were 
he himself a younger man, and under his care and call, he should 
think he had a plain invitation of heaven unto the voyage." 
Accordingly, he made up his mind, under the proffered conditions, 
to devote himself and his all again to the cause of philanthropy 
and religion in the new world. His resolve gave an impulse to 
many of like spirit, that they would do likewise. 

After a few days, being the 8th of April, Mr. Higginson, and 
another, Samuel Skelton, of like motive, purpose, profession and 
trials, make the following contract : 

" Mr. Francis Higgeson and Mr. Samuel Skelton, intended 
ministers for this plantacon, and it being thought meete to consider 
of their entertainment, who, expressing their willingness, together, 
also, with Mr. Francis Bright, being now present to doe their 
endeavour in their places of the ministerie, as well in preaching, 
catechisinge, as also in teaching or causing to be taught the Com- 
panys servants and their children, as also the salvages and their 
children, whereby to their vttermost to further the maine end of 
this plantacon, being by the assistance of Almighty God, the 
convertion of the salvages ; the propositions and agreements 



112 Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. [April. 

concluded on with Mr. Francis Bright the second of February 
last, were reciprocallie accepted of by Mr. Francis Higgeson and 
Mr. Samuel Skelton, who are in euery respect to haue the like 
conditions as Mr. Bright hath, only whereas Mr. Higgeson hath 
eight children, it is intended that £10 more yearly shalbe allowed 
him towarde their chardges. And it is agreed, that the increase 
to be improved of all their grounds during the first three years, 
shalbe att the Companies disposeinge, who are to find their dyet 
during that tyme ; and £10 more to Mr. Higgeson towards his 
present fitting him and his for the voyage. 

Francis Higgeson, 
Samuel Skelton. 

Further, though it was not mentioned in the agreement, but 
forgotten, Mr. Higgeson was promised "a man seruant to take care 
and look to his things, and to catch him fish and foule, and 
provide other things needfull, and, also, two maid seruants to look 
to his family." 

The subsequent agreement of Mr. Higginson, includes some of 
the preceding items, and others of such interest, as to justify a 
condensed view of the whole. 

He was allowed £30 to buy apparel and other articles for the 
voyage, and £10 more for books, and a free passage for himself, 
wife and children, and furniture. His salary for each of three 
years, commencing from his arrival at Naumkeag, was to be £30, 
a house and land, firewood and diet. The dwelling and appurte- 
nances were to be a parsonage for the use of himself and 
successors in the ministry. At the expiration of three years, he 
was to have 100 acres of land assigned to him, and of seven years, 
100 acres more. Towards the support of his household, he was 
to have the milk of two cows, and half the increase of their 
calves ; the other half, with the cows, the Company were to 
receive at the end of three years. In case of his decease, his wife, 
while remaining his widow, and his children, if the former and 
the latter continued in the plantation, were to be supported at the 
public expense. Should he not like to dwell longer in the colony, 
than the period agreed on, there was to be no charge for a passage 
back for himself and family. 

A letter is dated April 17, by the Governor and Deputy of the 
Company, and directed to Mr. Endicott at Naumkeag. It men- 
tions the spiritual care, which had been taken for the settlement. 
''And for the propagating of the Gospel, is the thing we do profess 
above all, to be our aim in settling this Plantation. We have been 
careful to make plentiful provision of godly ministers, by whose 
faithful preaching, godly conversation, and exemplary life, we 
trust not only those of our own nation will be built up in the 
knowledge of God, but, also, the Indians may, in God's appointed 
time, be reduced to the obedience of the Gospel of Christ." The 
writers, having spoken of Mr. Skelton, as the instrument of 
religious benefit to Mr. Endicott, proceed to remark, " Another is 
Mr. Higgenson, a grave man and of worthy commendations. He 



1852.] Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. 113 

cometh in the Talbot." They observe, in reference to these two and 
Mr. Bright, engaged in the same mission, " We pray you accom- 
modate them all with necessaries as well as you may ; and in 
convenient time let there be houses built them according to the 
agreement we have made with them." They state concerning 
them, that there is a prospect of harmony in their views and 
ministrations, which will be promoted by impartiality of the 
Government towards them and all others ; that the manner and 
degree of their preaching to the colonists and natives, are left to 
their own discretion ; and that, for their exertions to be duly 
appreciated, they must be fitly honored. They propose, that 
should these three ministers be unable to agree, which one of them 
should be located at Charlestown, it should be decided by lot, and 
whoever was so designated, should dwell there with his family. 

Under the date of April 30, 1 the Massachusetts Company 
meet as a General Court in London, and attend to the choice of 
the Colonial Rulers. On this matter, their language follows. — 
"That thirteen of such as shall be reputed the most wise, honest, 
expert and discreet persons, resident upon the said Plantation, shall 
have the sole managing and ordering of the government and our 
affairs there, who, to the best of their judgments, are to endeavor 
so to settle the same, as may make most to the glory of God, the 
furtherance and advancement of this hopeful Plantation, the 
comfort, encouragement and future benefit of us and others, the 
beginners of this, so hopeful a work." Of the persons, so 
described in their qualifications and duties, was Mr. Higginson 
with his clerical brethren, Bright and Skelton. The first thought 
of having ministers among advisers to the chief magistrate, may 
seem inexpedient to the perception of modern usage. But when 
we reflect, that the chief purpose of the settlement was to have a 
Commonwealth, in which religion should be the paramount object, 
we at once discern the propriety of such an appointment. As the 
measures of legislation, so the legislators. 

The oath 2 of office prepared and sent over for Mr. Higginson and 
his associates, is of the subsequent tenor. " You swear to be 
faithful and loyal to our Sovereign Lord, the King's Majesty, and 
to his heirs and successors. You shall, from time to time, give 
your best advice and council for supporting and maintaining the 
Commonwealth and Corporation of the Governor and Company 
of the Massachusetts Bay, in New England ; not sparing for love 
nor dread, for favor nor meed, but according to the statutes and 
ordinances, made and to be made by virtue of the Charter of the 
said Company, shall effectually assist the Governor, or his Deputy 
and Council of the said Company, in executing the said statutes 
and ordinances ; having no singular regard to yourself in deroga- 
tion of the Commonwealth of the same. All these premises you 
shall hold and truly keep to your power, so long as you shall 

1 The fact of electing the members of the Government for the Colony, is men- 
tioned in the letter of the preceding 17th, in the same month, to Endicott 

2 This is mentioned, aa being forwarded, by a letter of the Company begun to be 
dated May 23, and closed June 3. 

14—15 



114 Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. [April, 

continue in the place or office of one of the said Council. So help 
you God." 

Prior to Mr. Higginson' s having a proposition from the Company 
to engage in their service, his mind had been much exercised with 
regard to the critical situation of the kingdom, and it imbibed the 
strong impression, that the calamities of war would soon come on 
his countrymen. This led him to compose a discourse from the 
warning of our Saviour, Luke 21c. 20, 21 vs. " When you see 
Jerusalem compassed with armies, then flee to the mountains." 
Having decided to forsake the soil of his fathers and sojourn in a 
strange land, he concluded to adopt what he had so written, as his 
farewell sermon. In the presence of a large assembly, he did so, 
representing the sins of England, as the cause, which would 
bring on her such sufferings, in which Leicester would be a great 
sharer for its own transgressions. This prediction was remem- 
bered, by those who heard it, when the civil war prevailed 
between* Charles I. and his opponents, and particularly when he 
and his forces stormed Leicester, 1645 ; took it, after a hard 
assault ; captured immense spoil ; made 1500 prisoners, and killed 
1100 people in the streets. When Mr. Higginson had closed his 
discourse, he thanked the magistrates and others of the city for 
the kindness, which they had shown to him and his ministrations. 
He related to them his purpose of going to New England, and that 
the great object of settling there was the promotion of religion. — 
He expressed his hopes, that the Colony was divinely intended as 
an assylum for the non-conformists, from the storms coming upon 
the nation, and where they might have the free enjoyment of the 
reformation, for which they had prayed and labored. He 
concluded this extraordinary meeting, by an affectionate petition 
for the welfare of the King, the Church and State, and particular- 
ly of Leicester, the place of very many incidents, the most 
impressive and interesting in his life. When he and his family 
set out for London, the streets were filled with people, who, with 
loud prayers and cries, bid him farewell. 

On April 25, Mr. Higginson sails in the Talbot from Gravesend. 
This vessel was of 300 tons, 19 guns, and 30 men, commanded by 
Thomas Beecher. She " carried about 100 planters, 6 goats, 5 
great pieces of ordnance, with meal, oatmeal, peas and all manner 
of munition of provision for the plantation for a twelve month." 
She was one of three ships, fitted out at the same time with 
emigrants and supplies for the colony. She reached no further 
than Cowes by the 5th of May. Here, Mr. Higginson remarks, 
" I and my wife and daughter Mary, and two maids, and some 
others with us, obtained leave of the master of the ship to go 
ashore and refresh us, and to wash our linens." 

On the 6th, " betime in the morning, the shallop was sent from 
the ship to fetch us to Yarmouth," being eight miles from Cowes ; 
"but the water proved rough, and our women desired to be set on 
shore three miles short of Yarmouth, and so went on foot by land, 
and lodged at Yarmouth that night." Here they were detained. 
On the 10th, being Sabbath, " we kept the ship, where I preached 
in the morning; and in the afternoon, was entreated to preach at 



1852.] Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginsbn. 115 

Yarmouth, where Mr. Meare and Captain Borley entertained us 
very kindly, and earnestly desired to be satisfied of our safe 
arrival in New England, and of the state of the country." The 
following day, the Talbot, accompanied by the Lyon's Whelp, 
sailed with a fair wind. On the 12th, " We came as far as the 
Land's End, and so left our dear native soil of England behind us." 

Cotton Mather informs us, that on this occasion, Mr. Higginson 
called up his children and other passengers to the stern of the ship, 
that they might give a parting look to the land of their nativity ; 
and that he gave utterance to the emotions of his heart, as follows : 
"We will not say, as the Separatists are wont to say at their 
leaving of England, Farewell, Babylon! Farewell, Rome! But 
we will say, Farewell, dear England ! Farewell, the Church of 
God in England, and all the Christian friends there ! We do not 
go to New England, as separatists from the Church ot England ; 
though we cannot but separate from the corruptions in it. But 
we go to practice the positive part of church reformation, and 
propagate the Gospel in America." And so he concluded with a 
fervent prayer for the King, and Church and State, in England, 
and for the presence and blessing of God with themselves in their 
present undertaking for New England. 

Johnson puts a question and gives its answer, 

" What golden gaine made Higginson remove, 

From fertile soyle to wildernesse of rocks ? 
'Twas Christ's rich pearle stir'd up thee toil to love, 

For him to feed in wildernesse his flocks." 

Hard indeed must have been the separation of Mr. Higginson 
and family, from the country of their birth, education, home and 
most precious associations. But, encouraged by the promises of 
christian faith, that whether successful or not, in their pilgrimage 
to a new country, the blessing of heaven would be their portion, 
they bowed in submission to their lot, and heartily responded to 
the petition, — let the will of the Most High be done. 

Having attended to the services of worship on the Sabbath of 
the 17th, as usual, Mr. Higginson relates, that two of his children, 
Samuel and Mary, were taken sick with the " small pox and 
purples together, which was brought into the ship by one Mr. 
Browne, who was sick of the same at Gravesend, whom it pleased 
God to make the first occasion of bringing that contagious sick- 
ness among us, wherewith many were after afflicted." On the 
19th, Mr. Higginson's daughter Mary died, an event of sore 
affliction to her parents, and " terror to all the rest, as being the 
beginning of a contagious disease and mortality." On Thursday, 
21st, in view of their anxiety and trial, a season of fasting and 
humiliation was observed. Messrs. Higginson and Ralph Smith 
performed the services. The former notes, " I heard some of the 
mariners say, they thought this was the first sea fast, that ever 
was kept, and that they never heard of the like performed at sea 
before." Tuesday, June 2, as the ship was delayed in her 
progress by contrary winds, some of the men sick with the scurvy 
and others with the small pox, he took part in another similar and 
solemn occasion. With the varied impressions of ocean scenes, 



116 Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginsoji. [April, 

made upon a mind of disciplined taste, which had never before 
witnessed them, Mr. Higginson notices the appearance of hostile 
vessels, the whale and other tenants of the deep, storms, floating 
ice, bank fogs, the death of a profane sailor, and of another child, 
sea funerals and the exhilarating sight of land. He observes, 
"We received instruction and delight in beholding the wonders of 
the Lord in the deep waters." 

On the 26th, he writes, " By noon we were within three leagues 
of Cape iVnn, and as we sailed along the coast, we saw every hill 
and dale, and every island full of gay woods and high trees. The 
nearer we came to the shore, the more flowers in abundance, 
sometimes scattered abroad, sometimes joined in sheets nine or ten 
yards long, which we supposed to be brought from the low 
meadows by the tide. Now what with fine woods and green trees 
by land, and these yellow flowers painting the sea, made us all 
desirous to see our new paradise of New England, where we saw 
much forerunning signals of fertility afar off." Thus welcomed 
to his intended residence by attractions of early summer's scenery, 
he and his fellow passengers were to experience a sudden but 
temporary disappointment. Having approached the entrance of 
Naumkeag harbor at dark, they tacked about for sea room. — 
About 4 o'clock, next afternoon, they reached the place which 
they left the evening before, and on the point of entering the 
desired haven, a squall, attended with rain, thunder and lightning, 
drove them back. Fearing to try the passage again, as night 
drew on, they made for Cape Ann. The subsequent day, being 
the 28th, and the Sabbath, was religiously kept there. As Gover- 
nor Endicott saw the colors of the Talbot on Saturday, he then 
sent a shallop with two men to pilot her. But as these were 
blown out with her, they attended worship at the Cape. By their 
assistance, as Mr. Higginson remarks, and " God's blessing, we 
passed the curious and difficult entrance into the spacious harbor 
of Naumkeag. And, as we passed along, it was wonderful to 
behold so many islands replenished with thick wood and high 
trees and many fair green pastures." He proceeds, " We rested 
that night with glad and thankful hearts, that God had put an end 
to our long and tedious journey. 

The next morning, 30th, the Governor came aboard and bade 
us kindly welcome, and invited me and my wife to come on shore 
and take our lodging in his house, which we did accordingly." 
One of his reflections on the voyage, gives us this extract: " We 
had a pious and Christian-like passage; for I suppose passengers 
shall seldom find a company of more religious, honest and kind 
seamen than we had. We constantly served God morning and 
evening, by reading and expounding a chapter, singing and prayer. 
And the Sabbath was solemnly kept by adding to the former, 
preaching twice and catechising. Besides, the master and his 
company used every night to set their eight and twelve o'clock 
watches with singing a psalm and prayer, that was not read out 
of a book." 

Thus closes the journal of graphic descriptions, which Mr. 
Higginson gave of scenes, new to his experience and deeply 



1852.] Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson, 117 

impressed on his memory. Like the acts, which record the 
journeyings of Apostles to their places of Gospel lahor, so this 
document tracks the course of its author to the spot of like sacred 
occupation. 

At this point, it becomes us, in view of impressions, generally 
entertained, that Higginson and his company were separatists from 
the national Church, when leaving England, to enquire how the 
matter was, and how it stood on his arrival at Naumkeag. It is 
readily brought to mind, what his own language was, on bidding- 
adieu to the kingdom, at Land's End. He then emphatically 
declared, that he and others with him, had not come out and 
renounced all communion with such an establishment. The fact 
was, that they were classed amongst church Puritans, who still 
continued to acknowledge her as a true Church, but to desire and 
endeavor, that the errors of doctrine and form, which had gradually 
crept into her sacred enclosure, might be speedily excluded. This 
was all consistent with his being denied the use of his parish pulpit 
and its revenue, because, while he could have coincided with some 
of the requisitions, there were others with which he could not, and 
still retain his integrity, as a man of truth and righteousness. Jt 
is evident, that the Company in whose service he was engaged, 
entertained views similar to his own. They were jealous, lest 
Ralph Smith, who came in the small fleet, which brought over 
Higginson and Skelton, should be too independent in his ideas and 
preferences, as to ecclesiastical polity. And so it turned out. 
Smith, soon after reaching our shores, went and preached for the 
Congregational church of Plymouth. But how was it at Naumkeag 
when the Talbot cast anchor in its waters? On the preceding May 
11th, Endicott wrote to Bradford, a prominent member of the 
Plymouth church. He then stated, that through information of 
Dr. Samuel Fuller, who came to attend the sick, he had altered his 
opinion relative to its principles of government, and that he heart- 
ily agreed with them. This and several other events in the course 
of the year, show, that on the arrival of Higginson and his col- 
leagues, he found the majority of the people at Naumkeag decided 
Congregationalists, while Roger Conant and the old planters prob- 
ably remained Episcopalians. With matters so situated, and a 
mode of independent discipline in spiritual concerns, far more mild 
than they had realized, Higginson and Skelton appear to have 
soon harmonized, as the most practical, useful, and consistent with 
their sympathy and judgment. That they did so alter their posi- 
tion, is evident from the rupture between them and the Messrs. 
Browns, of which there will be occasion to speak more particularly. 

Not long after Mr. Higginson entered on the round of his mission, 
the Council, of which he was a member, were convened at Salem. 
A prominent object of their session, was to have every settler sign 
the laws of the Colony. Among those called together, was Thomas 
Morton, of Mount Wollaston, who declined to subscribe his name. 
He was a stanch advocate for Episcopacy, and kept himself aloof 
from compliance with the orders of Government. These authorities 
sent messengers to apprehend him ; but he eluded their search, 
though they brought away what goods he left on the premises. 



118 Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. [April, 

Near this time, Messrs. Higginson, Skelton, and Bright, settled 
the question, who of them should be stationed at Charlestown. 
The decision for this appears to have fallen on Mr. Bright, who 
had become the spiritual shepherd of the colonists in that place. 
Thus the territory, which John Oldham and his Episcopal friends 
were endeavoring to secure for themselves, as included in the grant 
to Robert Georges, was purposely occupied, as a part of the Mas- 
sachusetts patent. 

A letter from the Company, dated in London, May 28, and closed 
at Gravesend, June 3. and directed to Endicott, Higginson and 
others, reached its destination in a few weeks after the latter landed 
at Naumkeag. It gives several interesting orders. It requires that 
steps be taken to satisfy Indian claims to the territory: that an 
overseer be appointed for each family, so that servants therein, who 
were sent over at the charge of the Company, may be duly employed 
and so pay such expense ; that a house of correction be built for 
the confinement of offenders ; that, at the desire of Rev. John 
White, favor be shown to some emigrants from Dorset and Somerset; 
that the new settlers be not allowed to cultivate tobacco, except in 
small quantities for sickness: that none but "ancient men''" be 
permitted to take it, and they do it privately j that the old planters 
be persuaded to discontinue the raising of such an article ; that all 
the people be occupied in some useful employment, and no idle 
person be allowed to live with them, as a means " to prevent a 
world of disorders and many grievous sins and sinners." 

That they might aid to secure the great design of the plantation, 
the leading men of Salem gave directions tor the duties of July 
20th, appointed by the Governor as a season of fasting and prayer. 
Charles Gott, in a letter to Governor Bradford, expressed himself 
as follows. " The former part of the day being spent in praise 
and teaching, the latter was spent about the election. The persons 
thought on, were demanded concerning their callings. They 
acknowledged there was a two fold calling, the one inward calling, 
when the Lord moved the heart of a man to take that calling 
upon him, and filled him with gifts for the same. The second 
was from the people, when a company of believers are joined 
together in covenant, to walk together in all the ways of God, 
every member is to have a free voice of their officers. These two 
servants clearing all things by their answers, we saw no reason 
but that we might freely give our voices for their election after 
this trial. Their choice was after this manner, every fit member 
wrote in a note his name whom the Lord moved him to think was 
fit for a pastor, and so likewise, whom they would have for a 
teacher. So the most voice was for Mr. Skelton to be pastor, and 
Mr. Higginson to be teacher, and they accepting the choice, Mr. 
Higginson, with three or four more of the gravest members of the 
church, laid their hands on Mr. Skelton, using prayers therewith. 
This being done, then there was imposition of hands on Mr. 
Higginson." The writer proceeds to state, that Elders and 
Deacons were named, but their ordination was deferred " to see if 
it pleased God to send us more able men over." Thus once more 
consecrated to the oversight of souls amid new scenes and 



1852.] Memoir of Ike Rev. Francis Higginson. 119 

relations, with strong desires and expectations to pursue his course 
unmolested, the occasion must have been associated in the expe- 
rience of Mr. Higginson, as well as that of his colleague, with the 
soul's highest and holiest affections. 

Near this date, troubles arose, which must have exceedingly 
tried the feelings of Mr. Higginson and his friends, as well as 
those of the individuals, whose sincere opinions placed them in 
the attitude of opponents. That the case may appear, as described 
by one of the cotemporaries, the subsequent passage is given from 
Morton's Memorial. 

"Some of the passengers, that came over at the same time, 
observing that the ministers did not all use the book of Common 
prayer, and that they did administer baptism and the Lord's 
supper without the ceremonies, and that they professed also to use 
discipline in the Congregation against scandalous persons, by a 
personal application of the word of God as the case might require, 
and that some that were scandalous were denied admission into 
the Church, they begun to raise some trouble. Of these Mr. 
Samuel Browne and his brother were the chief, the one being a 
lawyer and the other a merchant." These Ci gathered a Company 
together in a place distinct from the public assembly, and there 
sundry times the Book of Common Prayer was read unto such as 
resorted thither. The Governor, Mr. Endicot, taking notice of the 
disturbance, that began to grow amongst the people by this means, 
convened the two brothers before him. They accused the 
ministers as departing from the orders of the Church of England, 
that they were separatists, and would be Anabaptists, etc., but for 
themselves, they would hold to the orders of the Church of 
England. The ministers answered for themselves. They were 
neither separatists nor Anabaptists ; they did not separate from 
the Church of England, nor from the ordinances of God there, but 
only from the corruptions and disorders there; and that they came 
away from the common prayer and ceremonies and had suffered 
much for their non-conformity in their native Land, and therefore 
being in a place where they might have their liberty, they neither 
could nor would use them, because they judged the impositions of 
these things to be sinful corruption in the worship of God. The 
Governor and Council and the generality of the people did well 
approve of the ministers answer." 

Though the denial here of being separatists, i. e. denunciators of 
the Episcopal Church, as though it were false in its principles and 
ordinances, was correct, as the deniers understood and used the 
term; yet they appear, as previously expressed, to have carried 
out their plan of reformation, as they believed it, more fully since 
their residence at Salem, than they did while in England. Such 
an advance they did not deny. 

About August 1, the Government here, of whom was Mr. 
Higginson, write to the Company, who held their sessions in 
London, relative to their sad disagreement with the Messrs. 
Brownes, on the subject of Church order. The latter, also, 
forwarded a justification of their tenets and stand to the came 
authorities. The Governor had said, " that New England was no 



120 Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. [April, 

place for them," and he soon ordered them to embark for their 
native kingdom. This Avas a hard ease for the Messrs. Brownes. 
Still it is evident, that, with the views and feelings of the two 
parties, while they remained together under the same jurisdiction, 
they would not attain to the object, for which the Colony was 
settled. Necessity demanded a separation, and that the chief of 
one or the other, should depart. So existing, it must have severely 
tried the good of both sides, who sought the welfare of the 
Plantation, and who knew, that contention must diminish iis 
strength and retard its progress. 

On the 6th, according to appointment, Mr. Higginson and his 
colleague take part in the services of the occasion. They are 
much interested in the adoption of the platform of rule, covenant 
and articles of faith, and the organization of their church. On 
this subject the Memorial of Morton thus speaks. Mr. Higginson 
" was desired to draw up a confession of faith and covenant in 
Scripture language, which, being done, was agreed upon. And 
because they foresaw, that this wilderness might be looked upon 
as a place of liberty ; and therefore might, in due time, be troubled 
with erroneous spirits, therefore they did put in one article in the 
confession of faith on purpose, about the duty and power of the 
Magistrate in matters of religion. Thirty copies of the aforesaid 
confession of faith and covenant, being written out for the use of 
thirty persons, who were to begin the work." When the desig- 
nated time arrived, " it was kept as a day of Fasting and Prayer, 
in which after the sermons and prayers of the two ministers, in 
the end of the day, the aforesaid confession of faith and covenant 
being solemnly read, the forenamed persons did solemnly profess 
their consent thereunto ; and then proceeded to the ordaining of 
Mr. Skelton pastor, and Mr. Higginson teacher of the church there. 
Mr. Bradford, the Governor of Plymouth, and some others with 
him, coming by sea, were hindered by cross winds, that they 
could :iot be there at the beginning of the day, but they came into 
the Assembly afterward and gave them the right hand of fellow- 
ship, wishing all prosperity and a blessed success unto such good 
beginnings." Between this account and that of Mr. Gott, there 
is an apparent discrepancy. He relates, that the pastor and 
teacher were set apart to their offices on the 20th ultimo, and that 
because the agents concerned in this consecration, preferred to wait 
for an increase of emigrants so that a better selection might be 
made for the other officers, these were merely nominated and the 
ordination of them or others, who might come, was put off to the 
first Thursday of August. Being one of the prominent candidates 
to constitute the Church, he would be more likely to be correct in 
his communication, made on the 30th of the previous month, than 
Morton. The probability is, that events transpired as the former 
stated they already had or were to, and that the rest of the 
solemnities occurred accordiug to the account of the latter. 

The Covenant and Confession, so drawn up by Mr. Higginson, 
were adopted, for substance, 1658, at the Savoy by the Congrega- 
tional Churches of England. Thus the spiritual provision he 
made for his own flock, became that of many others in his native 



1852.] Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. 121 

country, after a remarkable revolution in favor of the very- 
principles, for which he was excluded from his parish, and driven, 
as an exile, to a distant clime. 

Among the incidents of thrilling interest to Mr. Higginson and 
the rest of his church, at their being gathered, was that in relation 
to Edward Gibbons. Scottow informs us, that this young man 
had associated with the inhabitants of Merry Mount, and that, 
^however not vicious, he had little taste for Puritan Society ; but 
that, having his curiosity greatly excited with reference to the 
formation of the church at Salem, he determined to be present. 
Continuing the narrative, the same author says as to the subject of 
his notice, " At which convention, the testimony, which the Lord 
of all the earth bore unto it, is wonderfully memorable, by a 
saving work upon a gentleman of quality, who afterwards was 
the chieftain and flower of New England's Militia, and an eminent 
instrument both in Church and Commonwealth." Gibbons would 
have united with the Salem Church immediately, but Mr. Higgin- 
son and his colleague, who were much pleased with the relation 
he gave of himself, advised that he should defer his wish for a 
season. 

As another contribution to the information and pleasure of many 
in his native land, deeply interested in the civil, but especially in 
the spiritual welfare of the Colony, Mr. Higginson sends them a 
description 1 of its soil, climate, location, productions, natives and 
condition. While he represents the plantation in words, which 
express his attachment for it, as the home of his adoption and the 
object of his ardent hopes, he does not fail to be impartial in the 
confession of its disadvantages. Though some, influenced by his 
statements to emigrate hither, complained that they found less 
favorable realities, than they anticipated, still the integrity of his 
character forbids the suspicion, that his motives were in any 
manner deceitful. On this very subject, he observes, "The idle 
proverb is, travellers may lie by authority. Yet I may say of my- 
self, as once Nehemiah did in another case, shall such a man as I 
lie?'' 1 He proceeds in his relation. He says, that they have a 
brick-kiln under way ; the soil is very fertile and the Governor 
had planted a vineyard. He gives an account of the wild beasts 
around them ; of the multitudes of fish and fowl. Speaking of 
the lights for their evenings, he specifies the oil from their fishery, 
and adds, that pitch pine slits serve them for a like purpose, as a 
custom derived from the Indians. He adduces objections to an 
abode here ; as the winter is of greater severity than in England, 
the mosquitos troublesome, the rattlesnake poisonous, the want 
of more emigrants of worthy character, and a larger quantity of 
live stock. He adverts to his health, as being quite infirm prior 
to his embarkation, but much improved since his arrival. He 
attributes so favorable a change to the prevalent atmosphere ; " for 
a sup of New England's air is better than a whole draught of Old 
England's ale." He informs us, that on their coming ashore at 
Salem, they found there about ten houses, and a respectable one 

1 This appears to have been sent from Salem by its author, some day of September. 

16 



122 Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson, [April, 

11 newly built for the Governor," and abundance of corn planted, 
which was in good condition ; that they brought about 2U0 
passengers, who had united with the old planters, in " one body 
politic," and that the number just named, still remained, though 
one hundred had located themselves at Charlestown, and that they 
had ordnance for fortification, sufficient to "keep out a potent 
adversary." 

While Mr. Higginson dwelt on the concerns of the English with 
pleasant sympathies, his heart was also drawn to the remnant of 
the aborigines. He makes a few observations. " For their 
governors, they have kings, which they call Sagamores, some 
greater and some less, according to the number of their subjects. 
The greater Sagamores about us cannot make above three hundred 
men, and other less Sagamores have not above fifteen subjects, 
and others near about us but two. Their subjects, about twelve 
years since, were swept away by a great and grievous plague, 
that was amongst them, so that there are very few left to inhabit 
the country." After giving a description of their physical appear- 
ance, armor, and domestic concerns, he adds, " They do generally 
profess to like well of our coming and planting here, partly 
because there is abundance of ground, that they cannot possess 
nor make use of, and partly because our being here will be a 
means both of relief to them when they want, and, also, a defence 
from their enemies, wherewith before this plantation began, they 
were often endangered. For their religion, they do worship two 
Gods, a good and an evil God. The good God they call Tantum, 
and their evil God, who they fear will do them hurt, they call 
Squantum. We use them kindly. They will come into our 
houses sometimes by half a dozen or half a score at a time. We 
purpose to learn their language as soon as we can, which will be a 
means to do them good." 

Leaving these subjects, though far from being indifferent 
towards them, he proceeds to that more sacredly enshrined in his 
affections. : ' But that which is our greatest comfort and means 
of defence above all others, is, that we have here the true religion 
and holy ordinances of Almighty God amongst us. Thanks be 
to God, we have plenty of preaching and diligent catechising, 
with strict and careful exercise of good and commendable order to 
bring our people to christian conversation, which whilst we do, we 
doubt not but God will be with us !' ; Such a conclusion shows 
where Mr. Higginson lay the foundation of his hope, and that he 
had wisely learned the immutable principles, on which alone 
society can be prospered and immortality be blessed. 

About this time, Mr. Higginson addresses a communication to 
his numerous friends in Leicester, part of whom were anxiously 
waiting for information from him, so that they might decide the 
important question whether they should follow his example, come 
over and cast in their lot with the colonists. It is probably the 
one, to which Scottow calls the attention of his readers. "A letter 
then from New England, and for a considerable time after, was 
venerated as a sacred script, or as the writing of some holy 
prophet. It was carried many miles, where divers came to hear 



1852.] Memoir of Rev. Francis Higginson, 123 

it, and a multitude of pious souls through the whole nation, were 
in their spirits pressed to join in this work." Several of its items 
are as follow. Its author states, that the Colonists were expecting 
to be reinforced with sixty families with their ministers from 
Dorsetshire, many others with their pastor from Lincolnshire, 
and a large number of christians from London. He advises 
persons of Leicester, where he had been forbidden to continue his 
faithful labors, who intended to join him in his new abode, to be 
expeditions, as the first comers "speed best and have the priviledge 
of choosing places" of residence. He counsels the rich to send 
over poor families to the plantation, " where they may live as 
well, both for soul and body, as any where in the world." He 
remarks, that Isaac Johnson, the husband of Lady Arbella, and 
others had thus assisted pious emigrants to engage " in their work 
for a while, and then to live of themselves." He says that there 
are forty goats, as many cows, six or seven mares, and one horse 
at Naumkeag. More of such stock are desired and expected. He 
wishes emigrants to bring as many of them, and, also, of sheep, 
as possible. Carpenters are greatly needed. The passage from 
England hither was £5 a man, £3 a ton of goods, and £10 a 
horse. He corrects mistakes, which some of the settlers had made 
to their disappointment, lest others, intending to follow, should 
have similar experience. He wishes adventurers hither to bring 
" woolen and linen cloth, leather for shoes, carpenters' tools, iron 
and steel to make nails, and locks for houses and furniture for 
ploughs and carts, and glass for windows," and adds "other 
things, which were better for you to think of there, than to want 
them here." In the following paragraph, he refers to the 
abundance of fish, which have long since been scarce in the 
Naumkeag waters. "Whilst I was writing this letter, my wife 
brought me word, that fishers had caught 1600 bass at one 
draught, which if they were in England, were worth many a 
pound." This document sets before us some impressive features 
of society but recently organized. It shows the need of energies, 
virtuously applied, which hold no communion with luxury, in 
order that such a community should conquer its difficulties and be 
prospered. 

Letters from the authorities at Salem, including Mr. Higginson, 
are read to the Company in London, September 19, concerning 
the differences between them and the Messrs. Brownes, who 
appear to have arrived so as to be present. The case is left to 
referees. Among these, chosen by the Brownes, is William 
Pynchon, and by the Company, John Winthrop. On the 29th, a 
question is discussed by the Company, whether letters, in their 
hands, from the Brownes to their friends, and supposed to contain 
charges against the leading men at Salem, should be detained. It 
is concluded, that part of such communications be opened, some 
be read in presence of a committee and the persons, to whom they 
were addressed, and others kept. A copy of the charges from the 
Colony, against the Brownes, is ordered for them, as they desired. 

The Court of Assistants in London, on the 15th of October, 
agree, that the salaries of Messrs. Higginson, Skelton and Bright 



124 Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. [April, 

here, and other ministers, who may come hither under their 
direction, and, also, the charge of erecting needed houses of 
worship in the Colony, and all other public works upon the 
Plantation, shall be borne, for seven years, one-half by the joint 
stock of the Company and the other by the planters. 

On the 16th of the same month, the Court address the following 
letter to Messrs. Higginson and Skelton. 

" Reverend Friends — There are lately arrived here, (being sent from 
the Governor, Mr. Endicott, as men factious and evil conditioned,) John 
and Samuel Browne, being brethren, who since their arrival have raised 
rumours (as we hear) of divers scandalous and intemperate speeches, 
passed from one or both of you in your public sermons or prayers in New 
England, as also of some innovations attempted by you ; we have reason 
to hope that their reports are but slanders ; partly, for that your goodly 
and quiet conditions are well known to some of us ; as also, for that 
these men, your accusers, seem to be imbittered against you and Capt. 
Endicott for injuries, which they conceive they have received from some 
of you there ; yet for that we all know that the best advised may 
overshoot themselves, we have thought good to inform you of what we 
hear, that if you be innocent you may clear yourselves ; or if otherwise, 
you may be entreated to look back on your miscarriage with repentance, 
or at least to take notice that we utterly disallow any such passages, and 
must and will order for the redress thereof as shall become us ; but 
hoping, as we said, of your unblameableness herein, we desire that this 
only may testify to you and others, that we are tender of the least 
aspersion, which, either directly or obliquely, may be cast upon the State 
here, to whom we owe so much duty, and from whom we have received 
so much favour in the Plantation where you now T reside. So with our 
love and due respect to your callings we rest 

Your loving friends, 

Richard Saltonstall, Isaac Johnson, Matt. Craddock, GWr., John Goff, 
Dep'y, George Harwood, Treas'r, John Winthrop, Thomas Adams, 
Symond Whetcombe, William Vassal, William Pinchion, John Revell, 
Francis Webb." 

A literal compliance with every portion of this communication, 
was no easy matter for men with the experience and principles of 
Messrs. Higginson and Skelton. In a new sphere of action, where 
the iron grasp of law could not be laid upon them for the utter- 
ance of opinions and the practice of ordinances, which they had 
declared and manifested at the cost of exclusion from office and 
prosecution of person, in England, it was not only natural, but 
they felt it their sacred duty to preach and pray so as not to 
approve of Crown oppression towards the Puritans, while they 
commended the royal favor in their Charter privileges. Thus 
actuated, they were aware, that the eyes of others, who honestly 
differed from them, were constantly and closely upon every step of 
their course, and who, expelled from a participation in the 
privileges of the Colony and sent back to the kindom, whence 
they came, would as honestly declare every thing, offensive to 
them in their clerical action, in no measured or commendable 
terms. So situated, they wished to raise no unnecessary storm nor 
uselessly expose themselves to reproof of friends or censure of 



1852.] Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. 125 

opponents. They took counsel from the oracles of Inspiration 
and endeavored to follow the dictates of heavenly wisdom. Thus 
guided, they went forward in the line of obligation, as they 
sincerely interpreted it, regretting to interrupt the plans and cross 
the interests of others, who tried to arrest their progress. 

As an event, the tidings of which must have been welcome to 
the ears and hearts of Mr. Higginson and his colleague, the 
General Court of the Company in London, on the 10th of Februa- 
ry, 1630, agree on a settlement of the difficulties, relative to the 
Messrs. Brown es. 

Though Mr. Higginson had written to many of his warm- 
hearted friends in England, as to his high hopes of confirmed 
health and active ministry, his experience was soon to be the 
reverse. Called to witness scenes of great sickness and suffering, 
among his parishioners, the first winter of his pilgrimage here, and 
about one hundred of them, including the Ruling Elder, Henry 
Haughton, laid low by the hand of death, he was made more 
familiar with his own weak hold on life. It is not unlikely, that, 
amid his exertions to instruct and console the diseased and dying, 
as well as his subjection to an unaccustomed severity of the cold 
season, the hectic attacked him, which was to close his earthly 
career. 

Though strongly desirous to give a personal welcome to 
Governor Winthrop and his friends, who arrived in the Arbella, 
at Salem, June 12, he was unable to accompany Messrs. Endicott, 
Skelton, Leavit and Pierce, down the harbor, for so pleasant a 
purpose. Still, while wasting disease was bearing him away from 
temporal scenes, his heart throbbed in grateful harmony with the 
thanks, given to God around him, for the arrival of supplies to the 
destitute and distressed colonists. The last of his pulpit efforts, 
was soon after the arrival of Mr. Winthrop and other recent 
emigrants. His text was from Matthew xi. 7. " What went ye 
out into the wilderness to see?" The several heads of his 
discourse were, that the chief design of the Plantation was 
religion ; that various trials were to be expected in a new country ; 
that the settlers should give proof, that their hearts were in unison 
with the professed object of their emigration. Having thus 
finished the work, divinely assigned him, he waited for the close 
of his appointed time, with peaceful submission to the allotments 
of Providence. Confined to his bed, he was visited by the princi- 
pal persons of the Colony, who regretted, that they were to be 
deprived of his society, instructions and cooperation in promoting 
the interests of Puritanism. They spoke of his previous sufferings 
and faithfulness for such a cause, and of his being honored by the 
Lord in aiding to lay the foundation of " Church-reformation in 
America." He answered, "I have been but an unprofitable 
servant. All my desire is to win Christ, and be found in him, not 
having my own righteousness." He expressed his strong belief, 
several times, that, however he should be called away, God would 
raise up others to carry on the work begun, and that many 
churches of Christ would flourish in the country. Speaking of 
his wife and eight children, who were the strongest bond, which 



126 Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. [April, 

held him to this world, he observed, that however he must leave 
them with but a small portion of this world's goods, still he 
committed them to the care of God, who, he doubted not, would 
graciously provide for their wants. 

Thus conversing about his earthly concerns in the exhibition of 
motives and sympathies, which manifested his constant prepara- 
tion for heavenly realities, he enjoyed spiritual communion with 
his friends. So letting the light of his example rest for good on 
all, who saw him, he peacefully slept in death in August, aged 43 
years. Many, who highly esteemed him in life, attended the 
solemnities of his funeral and followed the remains, which had 
tenanted his active and departed spirit, to their long and last 
resting place. 

Though gone from his people, they had so learned his worth in 
the short period of his sojourn among them, that the pleasant and 
beneficial recollection of his precepts and influence, were often in 
their minds. Refering to him and other woithies, who had sunk 
before the devastations of disease, while engaged in the cause of 
religious reform, Governor Winthrop wrote to his wife in England, 
"The lady Arbella is dead, and good Mr. Higginson and many 
others." Thus remembered, Mr. Higginson, as already intimated, 
was courteous and obliging, with talents of high order, well 
cultivated in literature, oratory and divinity. Johnson says of 
him, " A man indued with grace, apt to teach, mighty in the 
Scriptures, learned in the tongues, able to convince gainsayers." 
The spirit, so qualified, was fitted to take a prominent part in 
heaven's mysterious agencies, and gloriously realize the hopes of 
his earthly pilgrimage. 

Before we leave the subject of this memoir, we will take a short 
notice of his family, whom he committed, in faith, to the protec- 
tion of their covenant keeping God. His wife and children 
resided in Salem, for a period, how long not known, and 
experienced much kindness from the people there and the liberally 
disposed in other places. On the 26th of January, 1631, she 
wrote to Governor Winthrop a letter of thanks for u two kine and 
house and money in the hands of Mr. Coddington." This aid 
was probably, in part, compliance with the agreement between 
her husband and the Company, that she and her children should 
be supported by them, if he died, so long as they remained in the 
Colony, and, also, by the contribution of some principal colonists 
of ability and liberality. With regard to the latter assistance, 
Cotton Mather informs us, that it was given so that the widow 
and her family were comfortably situated. With our wishes so 
pleasantly gratified in their welfare, we follow them to New 
Haven. But when they went thither, or why, we are not told. 
They of course, would not be there sooner than 1638, when the 
place was settled by Theophilus Eaton and other prominent 
puritans. It is likely that this worthy gentleman was the means 
of their removal from Massachusetts, because he seems to have 
been a relative to them, perhaps her brother, from the facts, that 
one of the sons bore his christian name, and another, after her 
decease, went to live with him. But the time of her sojourn in 



1852.] Memoir of the Rev. Francis Higginson. 127 

the last town, must have been quite short. She appears to have 
died in the early part of 1640, survived by eight children. In this 
year, February 25, as she left no will, the Court of New Haven, 
with the consent of her eldest son, settle her estate and provide 
for her family, as follows. John, considering the charges of his 
education, is to have his father's books and £5 in bedding. 
Francis, the second son, and Timothy, the third, in view of their 
education also, are each to receive £20. Theophilus, however 
well educated, because of helpfulness to his mother and benefit to 
her property, is allowed £40. Samuel is assigned £40 and to live 
with Mr. Eaton for two years from the 1st of next March. He 
and Theophilus are granted " the lot with all the accommodations 
belonging thereto, equally divided betwixt them, for £50 of their 
portions." Anne, the daughter, is to have £40 with part of her 
mother's clothes, and " the remainder of the estate when the debts 
and other portions are paid." Charles is to receive £40, be an 
apprentice with Thomas Fugill, nine years from the March 1, 
who is to keep him at school one year or give him learning to such 
an amount. Neophytus, being with Mr. Hoff or Hough of 
Massachusetts, is to live with him till 21 years old, during which 
period Mr. Hough is to keep his £40 and then pay this sum to 
him. When the farm at Saugus is sold, the price is to be equally 
divided among the brothers. 

As well known, John lived and died, an eminent minister, in 
Salem, 1708, aged 92. Francis finished his life at Kirby Steven, 
in Westmoreland, England, after a very useful ministry, 1670, in 
his fifty-fifth year. Timothy followed the seas and died a 
bachelor. Theophilus deceased at the age of 37, and left a son, 
Samuel, who became a physician. Samuel was captain of a man- 
of-war in the reign of Charles II., and afterwards commander of 
an East India ship, and died at the age of 44 years. Charles 
commanded a ship in the Jamaica trade, and deceased when 49 
years old. Neophytus died at the age of 20 years. Some 
accounts state, that Anne was married to a Chatfield. There was 
a Mrs. Higginson living at Charlestown in 1669, but who she was 
more particularly, we have no facts to show. Thus we have 
succinctly traced the offspring of one among the worthiest founders 
of New England. We take our leave of him and them with the 
heartfelt aspiration, that our motives may be of the same high 
standard with his, and our last end illumined with the light, 
which rested on that of so eminent a benefactor. 



JOHN SHEPARD. 

[Communicated by John Daggett, Esq., of Attleborough.] 

In the last October number of the Register, page 472, a curious and 
interesting anecdote of John Shepard is extracted from Adams' Med. 
and Agricult. Reg., and in a note by the editor inquiry is made as to his 
ancestry, &c. What is told of him in that extract is true, with the ad- 
dition, that he lived in two counties and four towns, without moving. 



128 John Shepard. [April, 

A brief notice is given of him in the history of Attleborough ; but as 
I am a direct descendant from him, and well remember him, having 
heard him talk, and sat upon his knee, I will furnish some additional 
particulars. He was of rather less than ordinary stature, and of a spare 
person. I recollect many circumstances connected with his person and 
habits. The " old arm chair " in which he sat still survives the wreck 
of years. 

John Shepard ^ was born in what is now a part of Foxborough, Feb. 
25th, 1703-4, and lived on the same place more than a century ! He 
died in Attleborough at the house of his grandson, Hon. Ebenezer Dag- 
gett, April 5th, 1809, at the age of 105 years. A sermon was delivered 
at the house on the 104th anniversary of his birth. It is justly remarked 
of him, that " he was temperate in all things," possessed great cheerful- 
ness of mind, and equanimity of temper," and, it maybe added, uniform- 
ity of life. 

He had three wives. He md. 1st, Eleony Pond, dr. of Ephraim 
Pond, of Wrentham, Aug. 24th, 1726, who died Sept. 3d, 1727; 2nd, 
Abigail Richardson, of Attleborough, Aug. 8th, 1728, who died Nov. 
23d, 1730 ; 3d, Martha Bacon, daughter of Jacob Bacon, of Wrentham, 
June 22d, 1731, who died April 3d, 1800, having lived with her hus- 
band about sixty-nine years. He had one son, and nine daughters, 
two of whom lived to upwards of eighty years, and one, Mrs. Mary 
Mann, (who was born Aug. 21st, 1732,) died at Wrentham in 1828, 
aged ninety-five. 

He was a son of Jacob Shepard who removed from Mystic, (where he 
had resided for a short time) subsequent to 1700, and July 11th, 1704, 
purchased a farm of about 500 acres, with buildings t on it, for £270, " in 
the wilderness between Dedham and Seakonck," then known as Wad- 
ing River Farm, near which was a large natural reservoir of water of 
great depth, since called " Shepard's Pond. This was on the " Ould 
Bay Roade. The nearest settlement was probably Woodcocks' in Attle- 
Borough, about five miles. His mother was Mercy Chickering, a daugh- 
ter of Doct. John Chickering, of Charlestown, supposed to be previously 
of Dedham, who died July 28, 1676. She was born March 13th, 1668, 
and was married Nov. 22, 1699. Their children were 
Jacob, b. Aug. 22, 1700; d. about 1718. 
John, b. Feb. 25, 1703-4 ; d. April 3, 1809, aged 105. 
Thomas, b. March 24, 1706 ; d. Oct. 19, 1774, aged 68. 
Joseph, b. Feb. 9, 1708. . 
Benjamin, b. Dec. 24, 1710. 

Jacob was a son of Thomas Shepard who died Sept. 26, 1719, at 
Milton. He married Hannah Ensign, dau. of Thomas Ensign of Scituate, 
Nov. 19, 1658. Their children were Thomas, Ralph, Isaac, John, 
Jacob, Hannah, and perhaps others. After Jacob's death, according to 
tradition in the family, Thomas used to visit his grandchildren at Wad- 
ing River. From which of the original settlers of this name Thomas, 
descended is yet unsettled, though it is probable that it will yet be ascer- 
tained that he was a son of the Ralph Shepard mentioned in the extract 
contained in the Editor's note. The early emigrants of this name 
appear to be numerous. 

* Generally called in the family genealogy " the ancient." 

f According to tradition there had been *.' 13 tenants" of the farm previous to Jacob 
Shepard. 



J 852.] Expedition against Quebec. 129 



EXPEDITION AGAINST QUEBEC. 

[Journal kept by Joseph Ware, of Needham, Mass., with a, short Genealogy of the Ware 



annexed.] 

A JOURNAL of a March from Cambridge on an Expedition against Quebec, in 
Col. Benedict Arnold's Detachment, Sept. 13, 1775. 

Sept. 13tk. Marched from Cambridge in trie evening and encamped 
at Maiden that night. 

14:tk. This morning marched very early, and encamped that evening 
at Beverley. This day marched 25 miles — the weather very sultry. 
Nothing material. 

15th. This morning marched briskly along, and got into Newbury- 
port at 8 o'clock at night, where we were to make a stay for some days. 1 ^ 

16tk. In Newburyport, waiting for the vessels, getting ready to carry 
us to Kennebec. 

11th. This day had a general review, and our men appeared well, 
and in good spirits, and made a grand appearance, and we had the praise 
of hundreds of spectators, who were sorry to see so many brave fellows 
going to be sacrificed for their country. 

18th. Had orders to embark in the evening; our fleet consisted of 
eleven sail of vessels, — sloops and schooners ; our number of troops, con- 
sisted of 1300 and 11 companies of musketmen and three of riflemen. 
We were all embarked this evening and lay in the river all night. 2 

19th. Early this morning weighed anchor with a pleasant gale, our 
colors flying, drums and fifes a playing, and the hills all around covered 
with pretty girls weeping for their departing swains. This night had like 
to have proved fatal to us, for we were close aboard of the rocks, before we 
knew anything about it. We were immediately all called upon deck, 
expecting every moment to be dashed in pieces against the rocks, but 
the wind fortunately freshening, we got clear after several tacks, to the 
great joy of us all. 

20th. Arrived at Kennebec river, rowed and sailed up against the 
wind and tide. 

21st. Arrived at fort Weston, where we halted for some days, and 
here we were furnished with bateaux and provisions, for carrying us up 
the river. 3 Continued here the 22d, 23d and 24th. 

2bth. Embarked on board our bateaux and arrived at Fort Halifax in 
the evening of the 26th. 

21th. Carried over Ticonic falls our bateaux and provisions, 40 rods 
land carriage, and then pushed up three miles. 

28th. Pushed up eight miles, the water so bad that the bateaux men 
were obliged to drag the boats up over the shoals, and in many places 
were up to their chins in water. 

29th. Pushed up to the second carrying-place, called Cohiggin falls. 

30th. Carried over 60 rods and pushed up 3 miles. 

October 1st. Pushed up over rocks and shoals, where we were many 
times over head in water, pulling the batteaux over, and arrived at the 
third carrying place in the evening. 

2nd. This day carried over Norridgewalk falls, one mile and a quarter 
and then encamped very uncomfortably this night after carrying our 
boats over roots, and rocks and mud. 

3d. Pushed up 11 miles on our way. Capt. Hendrick's company of 

* ( l ) See this and other notes at the end of the Journal, 

17 



1'30 Expedition, against Quebec. | April, 

riflemen shot a young moose which weighed about 200 lbs ; but we had 
none of it, they being before us. This day we left all inhabitants, and 
entered an uncultivated country, and a barren wilderness. The timber 
for the most part is birch, pine, and hemlock. Some places on the river 
side, there are pieces of ground, where large sugar trees grow. 

4:t/i. Pushed up eight miles to Tintucket or Hell Gate falls, and car- 
over forty perches. 

bth, 6th, & 1th. Pushed up to the head of Kennebec, where we car- 
ried out into a pond. These three last days we came about 20 miles. 

8th. This day we pushed on very briskly, it being Sunday, the fore- 
most company lying still on account of heavy rains, but we marched all 
day, it being very wet and cold, and we suffered a good deal from the 
inclemency of the weather, and came up with some of them at night. 

9th, 10th, Sf 11th. Carried to the first pond 3 1-2 miles land carriage, 
crossed the pond two miles. 

\2th, 13th. Carried to a second pond 3-4 of a mile, crossed the pond 
one mile over, then carried 2 miles to a 3d pond and crossed the pond 
two miles over. 

14:th, 15th. Carried into Dead River three miles and went up one 
mile, then encamped at night. This river runs so still, that it can 
scarcely be perceived which way it runs ; it is black water, about 4 rods 
wide and runs S. E. 

16th. The water now being deep and dead, we betook ourselves to our 
barge and rowed up six miles. 

11th. Rowed up (after carrying over a small carrying place, about 10 
rods) 16 miles. 

18th. Rowed up 20 miles, and carried over a small carrying place. 

19th. Carried over 4 carrying places, and rowed up about five miles 
this day. 4 

20th, 21st, fy 22d. Were detained in our tents by heavy rain. 

23^. The water being shallow, we were obliged to lay by our oars, 
and take our setting poles ; we pushed up 10 miles. 

24£A. Our provisions growing scanty, and some of our men being 
sick, held a council and agreed to send the sick back, and to send a Cap- 
tain and 50 men forward to the inhabitants as soon as possible, that 
they might send us some provisions. Accordingly the sick were sent 
back, and Capt. Handchit with 50 men sent forward. Before this Col. 
Enos, with three captains and their companies turned back and took 
with them large stores of provisions and ammunition, being discouraged, 
(as we supposed) by difficulties they met with. 3 This day got forward 
nine miles. The water very rapid and many of our boats were upset, 
and much of our baggage lost and provisions and guns. 

25^. Snowed all night ; very cold this morning, pushed over two 
carrying places, and got forward 8 miles this day. 

26th. Pushed up 4 ponds and carried over two carrying places, one of 
them a mile over. The ground covered with snow. 

21th. Crossed a pond 1-2 mile over, and carried 15 rods to another 
pond, 2 miles over, to the Great Carrying place, 4 miles and 50 
perches over. Here it was agreed to leave most of our bateaux, be- 
ing greatly fatigued by carrying over such hills, rocks and swamps, as 
were never passed by man before. 6 

28th. After carrying over the Great carrying place, we encamped by 
a small stream, running into Chaudiere Pond ; dealt out to each man 
four pints of flour and what little meat we had, which was about 4 oz. a 
man. 7 



1852. J Expedition against Quebec. 131 

29th. Early this morning set out for the head of Chaudiere river. 
This day we suffered greatly by our bateaux passing by us, for we had 
to wade waist high through swamps and rivers and breaking ice before 
us. Here we wandered round all day and came at night to the same 
place, we left in the morning, where we found a small dry spot, where 
we made a fire, and we were obliged to stand up all night in order to dry 
ourselves and keep from freezing. We continued so till next day when 
a bateaux came up and took us across the river. 

30z^. At noon were relieved from our miserable situation and we 
made the best of our way through the woods for Chaudiere. 

31st. Pushed on for Chaudiere with all speed, in hopes of overtaking 
our bateaux in order to get some flour, for ours was all expended ; but to 
our great grief and sorrow, our bateaux were stove and the flour was 
lost, and the men barely escaped with their lives ; now we were in a 
miserable situation, not a mouthful of provisions, and by account 70 
miles from inhabitants, and we had a wilderness, barren and destitute of 
any sustenance to go through, where we expected to suffer hunger, cold 
and fatigue. Here the captain with the ablest men pushed forward, in 
order to get provisions to send back for the sick. 8 

Nov. 1st. This morning started very early and hungry and little satis- 
fied with our night's rest. Travelled all day very briskly, and at night 
encamped in a miserable situation. Here we killed a dog and we made 
a very great feast without either bread or salt, we having been 4 or 5 
days without any provisions, and we went to sleep that night, a little 
better satisfied. Our distress was so great, that dollars were offered for 
bits of bread, as big as the palm of one's hand. 9 

2d. This morning when we arose, many of us were so weak, that we 
could hardly stand, and we staggered about like drunken men. Howev- 
er we made shift to get our packs on, and marched off, hoping to see 
some inhabitants this night. A small stick across the road was suffi- 
cient to bring the stoutest to the ground. In the evening we came in 
sight of the cattle coming up the river side, which were sent by Col. 
Arnold, who got in two days before. It was the joyfullest sight that 
ever I beheld, and some could not refrain from crying for joy. We were 
told by the men, who came with the cattle, that we were yet twenty 
miles from the nearest inhabitants. Here we killed a creature, and we 
had some coarse flour served out, straws in it an inch long. Here we 
made a noble feast and some of the men were so hungry, before the 
creature was dead, the hide and flesh were on the fire broiling. 10 

3d. Marched this day 20 miles, wading several small rivers, some of 
them up to our middle and very cold. In the evening came in sight of 
a house, the first we had seen for 41 days. 

Ath. Last night had a plenty of beef and potatoes, but little or no 
bread to be had. 11 Snowed most of the night. In the morning marched 
down the river to inhabitants thick settled. 

bth. Continued our march down the river. The people very hospita- 
ble, provisions plenty, but very dear, milk one shilling sterling per quart, 
and bread a shilling per loaf, weighing no more than 3 pounds. Came 
this day twelve miles. 

6th. Came up with Col. Arnold, and the advance party. Marched off 
together at 2 o'clock and marched till 12 o'clock at night. Eo^ds exces- 
sively bad, most of the way mid leg deep, with mud and water. Marched 
17 miles. 

1th. Marched three miles, then halted till night, when a lieutenant 
nnd 20 men wrre sent forward, to spp if our way was clear. Arrord- 



132 Expeditioji against Quebec. [April, 

ingly they marched till near 2 o'clock in the morning, and when we halted 
we were in sight of Quebec, the river St. Lawrence between us and the 
town. 12 

8th. Took up our quarters along the river side, until our troops be- 
hind could come up : here we stayed till the 13th. By this time all the 
men alive were come up, several having perished with hunger in the 
woods. During our stay here, we took a midshipman, belonging to a 
frigate in the harbor, who came on shore with some others in a boat to 
carry away flour from a mill on our side of the river. 13 The river is 
about one mile or some better wide. At the city one 28 gun frigate and 
a sloop of war, with some merchant men in the harbor. 

13th. Crossed the river at night in long boats and canoes. Some of 
the canoes over set in the river, but none of the men lost, only some 
few guns and some clothes. Got all over against morning at a place 
called Wolf's cove. 14 

l<lth. This morning were fired upon by the frigate, but received no 
damage ; took up our quarters in some good houses near the town, 
which were forsaken by the owners. Here we remained till the 20th. 
During which time we were informed that there were not more than 100 
regulars in the city, with a number of sailors and other new recruits, in 
all not exceeding four hundred under arms. The first day we came 
over the river, we passed close by the walls of the town, and gave three 
cheers without being molested by the enemy, who fired a few shots from 
their cannon, but did us no harm. 16 

21st. Marched up the river 20 miles to Point Aux Tremble, our am- 
munition being almost expended, and too scanty to attack the town with. 
Here we were joined by Genl. Montgomery with the York forces from 
Montreal, who had taken St. John's fort, Chambles and Montreal. In 
these places they took a great quantity of provisions, clothing, ammuni- 
tion and cannon, with 950 prisoners. Remained here till the 5th Decem- 
ber, when we marched back to Quebec, and laid siege to the town. 
Continued the siege until the 29th, during which time we took several 
prisoners and cannonaded and bombarded each other both day and 
night. 16 During these transactions the two men who had been left with 
Lt. M'Cleland, came to us and informed us that they had buried him at 
the first inhabitants, after he had been brought down the river by two 
Indians, hired by Capt. Smith for that purpose. 

29th. This night prepared to storm the city in two different places, 
Gen. Montgomery with the York forces on one quarter and Col. Arnold 
on the other hand. Accordingly about 5 o'clock in the morning began the 
attack ; they could not get to the wall, but retreated back to their quarters ; 
their General and two leading officers being killed by the fire from the 
enemy. Col. Arnold with his party carried on the attack in his quarter, 
and got possesion of their two-gun battery, and took 70 prisoners. Our 
colonel being wounded in the beginning of the attack, was carried back. 
The captains themselves then took the lead, and drove the enemy until 
overpowered by numbers, and surrounded, we were obliged to surrender 
ourselves prisoners of war. During the attack, Capt. Hendrick and 
Capt. Hubbard, with Capt. Morgan's first Lieutenant were killed. 17 

Sunday, Dec. 30th fy 31st. It began to thicken up towards night, and 
snowed Very much. We were ordered to be in readiness, and at 2 
o'clock at night, we were mustered, and got all fit for scaling the walls, 
and marched near to the city, some with ladders, some with axes, and 
some with saws. Gen. Montgomery with his forces, on the one quarter, 
and Col. Arnold on the other hand. Gen. Montgomery was to throw 



1852.] 



Expedition against Quebec. 



133 



three sky rockets into the air for a signal for each party to strike togeth- 
er. Accordingly, about 5 o'clock, in the morning, began the attack ; but 
they could not get to the walls, but retreated back to their quarters, Gen. 
Montgomery and two leading officers being killed by the fire from the 
city. There were three or four false flashes made, for a signal to retreat, 
but Col. Arnold did not receive them, but carried on the attack on his 
quarter, and got possession of their two gun battery, and took 70 pris- 
oners. Our colonel being wounded in the beginning of the attack, was 
carried back, and the captains themselves then took the lead, and drove 
the enemy, until overpowered by numbers and surrounded, we were 
obliged to surrender ourselves prisoners of war. During the attack 
Capt. Hendrick and Capt. Hubbard, with Capt. Morgan's first Lieutenant, 
were killed. Likewise they set St. Roche all on fire. We were all put 
in the French convent, and there they gave us a gill of rum to drink and 
hard bread to eat. 

The following is a list of the killed, wounded and taken prisoners of 
the American troops at Quebec, on the 31 st December 1775. 18 



Officers taken prisoners 

Lt. Col Green 
Major Meggs 
Major Bigelow 
Adjt Febezer 
Capt. Mathew Duncan 

York forces killed. 
Genl. Montgomery 
Capt. Jacob Cheese- 
man 
Aid-de-camp Mc'Pher- 
son 

1st Battalion, 8 killed 

and one wounded. 
3d Battalion, 2 killed 

Capt. John Lamb's 
Company . 

Killed. 
Solomon Russel 
Martin Clark. 

Wounded. 
Capt. Lamb 
Barth Fisher 
Thos. Oliver 
Ely Gladhill 
Barns Burns 

Prisoners. 
Lt. Andrew Moody 
Capt. Lockhart, vol. 



Joseph Ashton, Sergt 
Robt. Baird 
Robt. Barwick 
James Arvin 
John Ashfield 
Gasper Steyman 
Moses Brackit 
George Carpenter 
Thomas Winter 
Jacob Bennit 
Joseph Spencer 
Thomas Thorp 
John Conet 
Joseph Dean 
Benj. Vandervert 
John Martin 
John Fisher 

Listed in the King's 

service. 
James Patten 
John Poalk 
John Wilson 
Thomas Dey 
William Whitwell 
Thos. Morrison 
David Stone 
John Kelley 
John Johnston 
John Lucox 
Wm. McLieu 
John Ritters 
Peter Fenton 
Shelly Holland 
Peter Nestle 
David Torrey 



Capt. Daniel Mor- 
gan's Company. 

Killed. 
Lt. Humphrey 
Wm. Rutlidge 
Cornelius N orris 
David Wilson 
Peter Wolf 
John Moore 
Matthew Harbinson 
Rich- 1 Colbert 

Wounded. 

Benj. Cackley 
Solomon Fitzpatrick 
Daniel Anderson 
Spencer George ^ 
Daniel Durst 
Hezekiah Phillips 
Adam Hizkill 
John McGuire 
Jesse Wheeler * 

Prisoners. 

Capt. Morgan 
Lt. Wm. Heath 2d 
Lt. Bruin 3d 
Wm. Fickhis serg't 
Charles Porterfield do 
John Donaldson do 
John Rogers corp 
Benj. Grabb do 
John Burns 
John Conner 



These asterisks are suffixed in the original, though no signification is given 



134 



Expedition against Quebec. 



[April, 



Solomon Veal 
Jacob S perry 
Adam Kurts 
John Shoults 
Charles Grim 
Peter Locke 
John Stephens 
David Griffith 
John Pearce 
Benj. Roderick 
Thomas Williams 
Gasper de Hart # 
Benj. Mclntire 
Jeremiah Gordon 
Rowland Jacobs 
Daniel Davis 
Jehu Brown 
John Oram 
John Maid 
John Harbinson 
Jedediah Phillips 
Jacob Ware 
Absalom Brown 
Thomas Chapman 
Charles Secrests 
Jeremiah Riddle * 
William Flood 
William Greenway 
Rob't Mitchell 



Listed in the King's 
service. 

John Cockran 
Curtis Bramingham 
Timothy Feely 
Edw. Seedes 
Patrick Dooland 
Christopher Dolton 
Robt. Churchill 



Capt. Wm. Hendkick's 
Company. 

Killed. 

Capt. Hendrick 
Demis Kelley 
John Campbell 

Wounded. 

John Henderson 
John Chesney 
Abraham Swaggerty 
Philip Baker 



Prisoners. 
Lt. Francis Nichols 
Thomas Gibson 
Wm. M'Coy 
John Chambers 
Robt. Steele 
John Blair 
Rich d M'Cluer 
James Reed 
John McLin 
Henry McGown 
Edward Roddin 
Daniel North 
Mathe w Taylor 
Daniel Graham 
Tho. Anderson 
George Morrison 
John Ray 
W" 1 Kirkpatrick 
W m Gammel 
Henry Crone [Sergt.] 
Jacob Mason 

Listed in the Ki?ig^s 

service. 
Henry Turpentine 
Joseph Greer, Sergt. 
Barnabas McGuire 
Mathe w Cunning 
Daniel Carlisle 
Richard Lynch 
Philip Maxwell 
Peter Burns 
Thomas Witherup 
Thomas Murdock 
Francis Furlow 
W m Shannon 
Edw 1 . Morton 
Roger Casey 
W" 1 Snell 
George Morrow 
Daniel M'Cleland 
James Ireland 
Daniel O'Hara 
Michael Young 
John Hardy 
James Greer 
Peter Frainer 
James Hogge 
William Burns 
Wm. O'Hara 
Alexander Burns 
Joseph Caskey 
John Cove 
Arch'd McFarlin 



Thomas Greer 
William Smith 
Joseph Wright 
John Carswell 
John Gardner 
Thomas Lisbe 



Capt. Smith's Comp'y 

Killed. 
Alexander Elliot 
Henry Miller 
Ingrahart Mortworth 
James Angles 

Wounded. 
Lt. Rich'd Steele 
John Miller 
Thomas Silborne 
Peter Carbousfh 

Prisoners. 
Robt. Cunningham 
Thomas Boyd sergt. 
Sam'l Carbough 
Philip Newhouse 
Conrad Meyers 
Conrad Sheyers 
Valentine Willey 
John Shafer 
Michael Shoaf 
Anthony Lebant 
John Henry vol. 
Edw. Egnew 
Patrick Campbell 
Joseph Dockerty 
Nicholas Nogle 
Thomas Gunn 

Listed in Ki?zg , s ser- 
vice. 
Joseph Snodgrass sergt. 
Henry Herrigan corp. 
Henry McAnalley 
Michael Fitzpatrick 
Edward Cavener 
Timothy Conner 
William Randolph 
Robt. Richmond 
Alexander McCarter 
John Anderson 
Hugh Boyd 
Thomas Walker 
Joseph Higgins 
Daniel Crane 



852. 



Expedition against Que// ;e. 



)> 



Henry Taylor 
Thomas Pugh 

Capt. Handchitt's 

COMPANY. 

Killed. 
L v . ^-tm 1 Cooper 
Nath'- Goodrich 
Wm Goodrich 
Peter Heady 
Spencer Merwick 
John Morriss 
Theophilus Hide 

Wounded. 
David Sage 

Prisoners. 
Capt. Oliver Handchitt 
Lt. Abijah Savage 
Benj. Catlin, Quart 111 
Peletiah Dewey, serg 1 
Gabril Hodgkiss, do 
Gershom Wilcox, do 
Roswell Ransom, corp 
Jedediah Dewey, do ^ 
John Risden 
Samuel Biggs 
Samuel Bliss 
Rich d Brewer 
Sam 1 Burroughs 
Nath 1 Coleman 
Stephen Fosbury ^ 
Isaac George 
Isaac Knapp 
Edw d Lawrence 
Joel Loveman ^ 
Elijah Marshall 
Daniel Rice 
David Sheldon 
Ichabod Swaddle 
Jonathan Taylor 
Solomon Way^ 
Noah Whipple 
Abner Stocking 
Moses White 
Simon Winter 



Listed in the King's 

service. 
John Basset, Drum 1 
Patrick Newgent. 

Capt. Topham's Com- 
pany. 

Killed. 
Charles King 



Caleb Hacker 
Hugh Blackburn 

Wounded. 
Joseph Kennyon 
Baker Garlin 

Prisoners. 
Capt. John Topham 
Lt. Joseph Webb 
Lt. Edw. Sloakum 
Matthew Cogshall, serg t 
John Finch, do 
Reuben Johnson, do 
Stephen Tift 
Philip Rollins 
John Darling 
Oliver Dunnel 
Wm. Underwood 
Wm. Thomas 
Isaac Beatey 
Charles Sherman 
Benj. Trim 
Benj. Durphy 
Wm. Pitman 
Wm. Clark / 
John Bentley 
Jeremiah Child^ 
Thomas Price 
Samuel Geers 
Anthony Salisbury 

Listed in King's ser- 
vice. 
Dan 1 Booth sergt. 
Michael Clansey 
John Linden 
James Green 
Patrick Kelley 
Tobias Burke 

Capt. Thayer's Com- 
pany. 

Killed. 
Daniel Davidson 
Patrick Tracy 

Wounded. 
John Rankins 
David Williams * 
Peter Field 

Prisoners. 
Capt. Simon Thayer 
Lt. Humphreys 
Silas Wheeler / 



Thomas hvv 
James Hayaen 
James Stone 
Silas Hooker^ 
Jonathan Jacobs 
Stephen Mills 
Daniel Lawrence 
Elijah Fowler 
Bannister Waterman 
Jonathan Scott * 
Cornelius Hagerty 
Benj. West 
Jesse Turrell 
Samuel Ingolds 
Andrew Henman * 

lasted in King's service 

Thomas Page, serg 1 
Moses Hemmingway 
John Robinson 
Wm. Dixon 
Wm. Clements 
Edw. Conner 
Patrick Harrington 

Capt. Goodrich's Com- 
pany. 

Killed. 
Amos Bridge 

Wounded. 
Noah duff 
Nath 1 Lord 

Prisoners. 
Capt. Wm. Goodrich 
Lt. John Cumpton 
Ashley Goodrich, serg 1 . 
Augustus Drake, do 
Festus Drake 
Daniel Doyle 
Jabez Chalker 
Benj. Buckman 
Samuel Buckman 
Paul Doran 
John Parrot 
John Lee 
David Pettes 
Caleb Northrup 
Roswell Ballard^ 
Rowell Foot 
Oliver Avery 
Elijah Alden 
Benj. Pearce 
Abner Day 



136 



Expedition against Quebec. 



[April, 



John Taylor 
Josiah Root 
Rich d Shackley 

Capt. Ward's Comp'y. 

Killed. 
Bishop Standley 
Thomas Shepherd 
John Stephens 

Wounded. 
Eng r James Tisdell 
Nath 1 Brown, corp. 
Jabez Brooks 

Prisoners. 
Capt. Samuel Ward 
Lt. John Clark 
Lt. Sylvanus Shaw 
Amos Boynton, serg 1 . 
John Sleeper, corp. 
Samuel Halbrooks * 
John Goodhue 
John Shackford 
Moses Merrill 
Nath 1 Babson 
Enoch Foot 
Jacob True 
Josiah George 
Ebenezer Tolman 
Thomas Gay 
John Stickney 
Elijah Dole 
Elijah Hayden * 
Jeremiah Greenman 
Enos Chillis 
Gilbert Caswell 
John Gridley 
Win. Dorr 
James Rust 
Joseph Pool 
Israel Barrit 
Bartholomew Foster * 
Joseph Ware 
Thomas Fisher 
Joseph Osburn ^ 



Listed in King's service. 
Gh?rles H.'rkins' 

Capt. Hubbard's Com- 
pany. 

Killed. 
Capt. Hubbard 
Sergt. Weston 

Prisoners. 
Lt. Sam 1 Brown 
Jonathan Ball, serg 1 . 
Minath Farmer, Serg^ 
Luther Fairbanks, do. 
Thomas Nichols 
Oliver Smith 
Simon Fobes 
David Patch^ 
Thomas Mclntire* 
Benj. Phillips^ 
Timothy Rice^ 
Joseph White 
Aaron Heath 
Wm. Chamberlain 
Anthony Jones 
Russel Clark 
Paul Clap 
Joseph Parsons 
Samuel Bates 
Luke Nobles^ 
Joseph Burr 
Oliver Edwards 
George Mills 

Listed in King's service. 
Charles McGuire 
Morris Hay ward 
John Hall 

Capt. Dearborn's Com- 
pany. 

Prisoners. 
Capt. Henry Dearborn 
Lt. Nath'l Hutchins 



Lt. Amos Andrews 
Lt. Joseph Thomas 
John Flanders 
Jona. Perkins 
Caleb Edes 
Jona. Fosfge 
Wm. Taylor 
Wm. Preston 
Eben r Tuttle 
Moses Kimball 
Joseph Smith 
James Melvin 
James Beverley 
Jonathan Smith 
Samuel Sias 
Thomas Holmes 
Moses Folnsby 
Charles Hilton 
John Morgan 
Encs Reynolds 
Eliphas Reed 
Robert Heath 
Elkanor Danforth 
Nath'l. Martin 
Jonathan Norris 
John Dobbin 
John McCalm 
Charles Budget 
Samuel Hewes 
Aaron Serjant 



Total killed, 
Wounded, 
Prisoners, 

Total, 

York forces. 

Killed, 
Wounded, 



35 

33 

372 

440 



13 
1 



Total killed,wounded 
and taken, 454. 19 



January y e 1st, 1776. 

Our allowance of provisions is one pound of bread and a half pound 
of pork, and one gill of rice for a day, and 6 oz. of butter for a week. 

2d. 

In prison. This day we had a cask of porter sent to us by some gen- 
tlemen of the town. 20 



IS52] Expedition against Quebec. 137 

3d & 1th. 

The general sent for a list of our names, of the old countrymen in 
particular by themselves, that were with us, and they chiefly listed in 
the king's service. 21 

bth to the Sth. 

The prisoners petitioned to have their packs sent in to them, where- 
upon they sent out a flag, and received them for us. 

Sth to lbth. 

The general sent for a list of the occupations of the prisoners. The 
small pox is very plenty with us. 

lbth to 19th. 
Capt. Hubbard died with the wound he received a coming in. 

19th to 22d. 

Five of those that listed out of prison, and five others deserted the 
garrison in the night. There were two men put in irons for attempting 
to break out of prison. 

22d to 2bth. 
There were three vessels and a house burnt by our people. The 
enemy went into St. Roche after plunder. There were two of our 
people taken a going to set fire to the shipping. 

2bth to 29th. 
There were eight men deserted the garrison. The people go out into 
St. Roche every day, and fetch in the remains of the buildings that were 
burnt. 

29th to 31st. 
Two men of Capt. Ward's company died with the small pox. The 
men are getting well, some of them. 

February 1st to the bth. 
There were 2 men deserted, 7 of our men died with the small pox, 
and one man died with the pleurisy. He was sick but 4 days. 

hth to the 9th. 
Three men deserted. Forty men lay sick in prison. 

9th to 12th. 

Very snowy. The storm very heavy. Three men were stifled to 
death in the night on duty. 

12th to 16th. 
This morning 60 men went to the hospital with the small pox. The 
men have it very favorably. 

16th to 20th. 

Six of the old countrymen, that listed out deserted, and the remainder 
of them put into prison again, because those deserted. 

20th to 21th. 
Five men died with the small pox. The enemy made an attempt to 
go out after our people's cannon, and got drove back. There was a 
'•ontinual firing after them. 

21th to 31sl. 
Nothing remarkable. 

13 



138 Expedition against Quebec. [April, 

March 1st to the 6th. 
Three men deserted. 

6th to 10th. 

One of the prisoners was put in irons for talking with one of the 
sentries. We hear that Boston is taken by our people. 

10th to 13th. 

There was an alarm in the city at 10 o'clock at night. A large picket 
was set around the prison, and a field piece before the door. 

13th to 18th. 

The " emigrants " are moved into the artillery barracks, and the rest 
of us into a stone goal and are locked up at 7 o'clock at night. 22 

18th to 26th. 

Nothing remarkable. 

2hth to 30th. 

In the night one of the prisoners got out of prison and run to our 
people. We are in a miserable condition, having no wood, we almost 
freeze. 

30^ to 31st. 

Most of the prisoners consulted together to break out of prison, to try 
their best to take the town, but as one of the persons was cutting away 
some ice at the cellar door, in order to have it handy to open at a mo- 
ment, to go out at, the sentry standing nigh, and hearing the cutting, 
acquainted the officers of the guard, who acquainted some other officers, 
and they coming in, inquired who was cutting at the door, and what 
they were [about]. On which, one of the prisoners informed them of 
all the transactions that were going forward. The officers searched all 
the rooms in the prison, and every man's pack, to see if they could find 
any arms or ammunition, for they supposed some of the people in the 
town had supplied us with arms and ammunition ; but they could not 
find any such thing with us. At this we were put all in to strong irons .^ 

April 1st to 14£h. 

Our people having a battery across the river, at Point Levi, they 
threw shot into the town very merry. The officers of the guard are 
very particular with us. They call a roll and count us morning and 
evening. 

14th to 21th. 

It is very sickly with us. The scurvy and lameness rage very much, 
occasioned by living on salt provisions. 24 

21th to 31st. 

The town was alarmed in the night. 

May the 1st to the 6th. 

Nothing strange ; but in great distress and despair. 

6th. 

This morning 3 ships came in with a re-enforcement of about one 
thousand men. All the bells in the town rang for joy most of the day. 
Then all the forces in the town marched out on Abraham's Plains to 
have a battle with our people, but they retreated as fast as possible and 
left a number of sick in the hospital. Likewise some of their cannon 
and ammunition with a number of small arms and packs. 



J 852 J Expedition against Quebec. 139 

1th ty 8th. 

The general ordered the irons to be taken off the prisoners. The 
general likewise gave the " Emigrants " their liberty again. This 
morning two ships came in. The ships have gone up the river, and a 
number of troops by land, for Montreal. 

9th to lkth. 

Three ships and three brigs came in. There were six prisoners put 
in with us, 25 taken strolling about. One company set out for Montreal. 

14th to 19th. 
Two ships went out. One of them a packet for England. 

19th to 23d. 

One ship and a number of small craft came in. Thirteen prisoners 
listed into the king's service. One ship sailed out. 

23d. 
Our allowance is one pound of soft bread and one pound of beef. 

2<±th to 26th. 

The militia have laid down their arms. One of those men that went 
out of prison was put on board a 50 gun ship ; but he did not incline to 
enter on board, and they put him in irons, and threatened to hang him, 
but he was taken out of irons and put into prison again in the evening. 
Robert Beard was taken out of prison and has got his liberty. He is 
going home by water to Ireland. 

26th to 30th. 

One ship went out, and twenty came in. There were 8 or 9 
prisoners taken out to work ; they stayed out 1 or 2 days, and were re- 
quired to swear allegiance to the king, that they would not take up arms 
against him, and to make known all experiments against him. 

30^ 4- 31st. 
Four ships came in ; one brig and two ships went out. 

June y e 1st to the 5th. 
Eighteen ships came in with Gen'l. Burgoyne. There are six thous- 
and Hessians and Hanoverians come to assist the king's troops. Five 
hundred marched up the river for Montreal. 

5th. 

This day General Carlton with a number of the officers, came to see us, 
and enquired of us whether we had fared as well as they promised us we 
should when we were taken. We told him we fared very well. He said 
he did not take us as enemies, and likewise said if he could rely upon 
our honors, he would send us to New England, if we would be quiet and 
peaceable, and not take up arms any more. 

June y- 6lh, A. D. 1776. 

A copy of an answer sent to Gen'l. Carlton. 

May it Please Your Excellency : 

We, the prisoners in His Majesty's goals, return your Excellency on i 
most happy and unfeigned thanks for your clemency and goodness to u s 
whilst in imprisonment. Being sensible of your humanity, we give 
your Excellency thanks for your offer made us yesterday, and having a 
desire to return to our friends and families again, we promise not to tak 



140 Expedition against Quebec. [April. 

up arms against His Majesty, but remain peaceable and quiet in our 
respective places of abode, and we further assure your Excellency that 
you may depend on our fidelity. 

So we remain your Excellency's humble servants. 

Signed in behalf of the prisoners. 26 



June 1th to 12tk. Thirteen of the prisoners were taken out to go a 
fishing. Two ships sailed. Gov r Carleton has gone up to Montreal. 
One regiment has set out for the same place. The French are obliged to 
send a number out of every parish. 

12th to 11th. Two of the prisoners that were out at work, run away. 

11th to 21st. A child killed with lightning. Two ships came in. 

21st to 2bth. Nothing strange. 

25th to 30th. The soldiers are cut short of their allowance of bread — 
half a pound a week ; likewise the prisoners the same. A company 
marched for Montreal. One ship came in. 

July 1st to 1th. Five ships came in, and three schooners. Two pris- 
oners were put in with us, that were taken up at Montreal by the Indians. 

1th to 14th. Nothing remarkable. 

14th to 19th. Col. McLean came from Montreal. 

19th to 21st. A ship came in. One of the prisoners, that were taken 
last, was taken out and confined in close prison in irons for talking saucy 
to the provost. 

21st. This day a number of the prisoners, that went out to work, ran 
away through the woods. The general has sent after them. 

22d. The general has come down from Montreal. 

23d to 21th. One ship came in and one went out. One of the pris- 
oners taken crazy. 

21th to 29th. One ship sailed. Two officers came into prison, and 
enquired if there were not some of us, that wanted shirts. They were 
told, there was a number of us that had none. They told us we should 
all have shirts, that wanted. They likewise told us, we should be sent 
home in ten days. 

29th to 31st. Our officers have the liberty of the town. 

August 1st to 3d. Nothing remarkable. 

4.th. The General sent for all the prisoners to come in, who were out 
in the country at work, that were minded to go home. 

6th. This day ninety-five prisoners embarked on board the ship. 

6th. This day expected to embark, but were disappointed. 

1th. This day the men all in good spirits, and embarked on board the 
ships Sixty of the prisoners on board the Mermaid. 

8th. This day our provisions are pork, peas and hard bread. The 
wind in our favor, but waiting for orders to sail. At night removed from 
the Mermaid to the John Christopher. 

9th. This day our provision is fresh meat and soft bread. The wind 
in our favor, but no orders to sail. 

10th. Last night a brig came down the river with 28 prisoners. At 
little Wolf's Cove, the wind blows up the river. 

11th. This morning the signal was given for sailing. Weighed 
anchor and went down about one mile. At night weighed anchor, and 
went down the river thirteen miles. The weather cold and stormy. 

12th. This morning the signal was given. We weighed anchor and 
beat down the river about 1 1 miles, and came to an anchor, the wind 
being strong against us. 



1852 J Expedition against Quebec. 141 

12th. This day we lay by waiting for the wind. 

14:th. This morning weighed anchor with a pleasant ga x e of wind. 
Sailed down the river about 15 miles, and came to an anchor. Then 
hove up, and with a brisk wind, sailed down the river to the Isle Obeeck, 
50 leagues from Quebec. 

15th. Having a prosperous gale of wind, we made sail. In the after- 
noon passed by a Frigate, lying in the river, to see if there was no fleet 
coming up except their own. 

16th. This day we had a very brief wind. 

11th. The wind breezed up in our favor. 

18^. Left Gasey and made St. John's Island. 

19th. St. John's Island being eleven leagues long, we sailed by if 
most of the day. Hove in sight of Cape Breton Island, before we left 
Saint Johns. Espied a ship in distress, cast away on the end of the 
island, her foremast, mizzenmast and bowsprit carried away. A barge 
was sent on board from our convoy, but we have heard no return. 

20th. We were detained by beating round the island to get letters 
ashore to the Governor of the island, concerning the wreck, that was run 
ashore. 

21st. This day, we had a small breeze of wind against us. At night 
came to an anchor, in order to send a boat ashore with letters to the 
Governor. 

22d. This morning the boat went ashore and returned about sunset. 
Then hove up with a brisk wind. Sailed all night. 

23d. This day went thro' Canso Gut into Chebucto Bay. Left it 
this night and came in to the open ocean. 

24:th. It was our misfortune to have the wind ahead, so that we 
drifted from our course, and made little or no head way this day. 

Sunday, 2bth. The wind still ahead. Changed our course N. W., 
and made Cancer Shore that night. 

26th. This day the wind got about almost fair, and breezed up a very 
brisk gale about dark. 

21th. The wind held fair and strong till about 2 o'clock this after- 
noon. 

28th. The wind died away and there was a large swell. 

29th. This morning the wind quickened up, and the captain of the 
ship took an observation and found us to be in latitude 42°, which is 
Boston latitude. 

30th. A light breeze, but very fair, and continued so this day. 

31st. We were told, by the second mate, that we were abreast of 
New York, and were afraid to put in for a harbor, for fear our Privateers 
would give them a basting. 

Sunday, Sept. 1st. Were this night informed, that we were south of 
Pennsylvania. 

2d. This day kept our course S. W. until the morning, the wind 
being yet ahead. 

3d. This morning we were almost up with the Virginia Cape. We 
about ship and run upon the other tack. 

4ith. About 3 o'clock this morning, blew up a squall and a heavy 
shower of rain. We were obliged to shorten sail, and stand before it. 

bth. Fortune yet frowning in regard to the wind, we look up within 
two points. 

6th. We were informed by the shipmen, according to reckoning, that 
we were in the latitude of Philadelphia. Latitude 39° North 27 . 



1A2 Expedition against Quebec. [April, 

NOTES, 

ON THE PRECEDING JOURNAL, BY MR. JUSTIN WINSOR, OF BOSTON. 

The journal, which is here printed entire, bears on one of its leaves, " Joseph Ware , 
his book." This person will be found one of the privates in Capt. Ward's company. 

The winter encampment at Valley Forge, and this expedition under Arnold, through 
the trackless wilderness of Maine, will long attest the indomitable spirit, and great pri- 
vations of the American Revolutionists. More intense suffering has seldom been en- 
dured, than the patriotic band under Arnold's direction, experienced. 

The object of these notes is merely to annotate, upon such points as need elucidation. 
Mr. Henry, of Pennsylvania, accompanied this expedition, as a private in Smith's rifle- 
men, and has given the world a published narrative of events, which embraces nearly 
the same ground of the present journal. It is entitled, " An accurate and interesting 
account of the hardships and sufferings of that band of heroes, who traversed the wil- 
derness in the campaign against Quebec, in 1775. By John Joseph Henry, Esq., late 
President of the Second Judicial District, of Pennsylvania. Lancaster : Printed by 
William Greer, 1812." 

Henry, mentions that Sergeant M'Coy, of Hendrick's company, while in confinement 
at Quebec, gave to Major Murphy, of the ga- ;-ison, a correct copy of a journal he kept 
through the wilderness. This may possibly be in existence. 

1. Henry's account differs. " This little army in high spirits marched from Prospect 
Hill, near Cambridge, on the 11th September, 1775, and arrived at Newburyport, on 
the following day. 

2. Henry still differs. "Here, [Newburyport,] we remained encamped five days. 
On the afternoon of the sixth day, we embarked aboard of ten transports, sailed in the 
evening, and at dawn of day, descried the mouth of the Kennebec river." 

3. Fort Western is opposite the present town of Augusta. Henry still differs. "We 
ascended the river to Colonel Cobonnis ship-yard ; here we left our vessels and obtained 
bateaux, with which we proceeded to Fort Western." Here Arnold sent forward Ar- 
chibald Steele, of Smith's company, at the head of some men. (Jesse Wheeler, George 
Merchant, and James Clifton, of Morgan's ; Robt Cunningham, Thomas Boyd, John 
Tidd, John M'Konkey, and Henry, himself, of Smith's,) to reach the paths and carry- 
ing places for the army's march, and to discover the course of the Chaudiere. They 
had two bark canoes, and two men, Jeremiah Getchel, and John Home, as guides. 
They arrived at Fort Halifax, on the 23d ; and on the 8th October, they crossed " the 
heighth of land," which divides the Semees of the Maine and Canadian rivers, and 
reached the head of the Chaudiere. They returned to the van of the army on the 17th, 
having been absent twenty-five days, and having suffered great privation by want of 
provisions. 

4. Henry being with the van, writes : *' Oct. 19th and 20 — Here we lay encamped 
for several days, waiting the arrival of the rear of New England troops. They come 
up hourly." 

5. "Oct. 29. It first became generally known, that Enos had returned from the 
twelve mile carrying place, with 500 men, a large stock of provisions, and the medi- 
cine chest. Enos was afterwards courtmartial d and acquitted. Henry. 

6. Henry mentions several women, wives of the soldiers, who accompanied the 
expedition, heroically following in the path of the army. 

7. They had now crossed " the heighth of land." Some of the companies carried 
over one boat each. " Morgan on the other hand, determined to carry over all his. It 
would have made your heart ache, to view the intolerable labors, his fine fellows under- 
went. Some of them, it was said, had the flesh worn from their shoulders, even to the 
bone." Henry. 

8. Henry says of the Chaudiere, "that for 60 or 70 miles, it is a continual rapid, 
without any apparent gap or passage, even for a canoe. Every boat, we put in the 
river, was stove in, one part or other of it. Capt. Morgan lost all his boats, and the life 
of a much valued soldier." 

9. Such was their extreme hunger, that the roots in the ground were often fought for 
when discovered. On the 2d of November, Henry says, " Came up with some of 
Thayer's and Lapham's men. Coming to their fire, they gave me a cup of their broth 
A table-spoonful was all that was tasted. It had a greenish hue, and was said to be that 
of a bear. This was instantly known to be untrue, from the taste and smell. It was 
that of a dog. He was a large black Newfoundland dog, and very fat." Henry's 
companions tried the expedient of boiling their moose skin mocassins, but they could 
not make them palatable. Henry. 



1852.] Expedition against Qneber. ]43 

10. Henry says they discovered the cattle on the third. His company was, at that 
time,m the rear of the N. E. companies. " The Frenchmen told us," he writes, " that 
those who preceded, had devoured the very entrails of the cattle. One of the eastern 
men, as we came to the fire, was gorging the last bit of the colon, half rinsed — half 
broiled." 

11. At this period, several died, and many sickened, by excessive indulgence follow- 
ing so suddenly in their previous famine. At this place the army was joined by an In- 
dian, named Natanis, and his brother Sabatis, and seventeen other Indians, who pro- 
ceded with them. Natanis had been represented to Arnold as a spy, and orders had 
been given to take him, dead or alive. They had now reason to consider him a friend. 
He was wounded in the attack on Quebec, and taken prisoner, but soon released. This 
is said to be the first employment of the Indians against the English in the Revolution. 

12. On this day the army formed in more compact order for the march. 

13. A detailed account of his capture is given by Henry. The enemy were ignorant 
of the presence of the Americans, and he was sent in the boat from the sloop of war to 
procure some spars at the mill. After he had landed, he ordered his boats crew to push 
off, and obtain a better landing. While doing this, they were fired at, when they made 
for the ship, leaving the officer on shore, who attempted to escape by swiming ; but on 
being fired at, he returned to the shore and surrendered. Sabatis was prevented from 
scalping him, as he landed, by Morgan and Humphreys. 

14. The English had received all the boats from the south side of the river. With 
difficulty twenty fine birch bark canoes were procured, and put under the command of 
Steele. Between the hours of 10 and 11 on the night of the 13th, the embarkation 
commenced. Their numbers required several passages. On the third passage, Steele's 
own canoe burst with the weight, and his men taken up by the other boats ; while 
Steele himself, reached the shore greatly benumbed by trailing from the stern of another 
boat. Had their scaling ladders been upon that side of the river, they would have tried 
the walls that night. Where Arnold ascended there is now, and was then, a good road 
leading up the bank. It was not so in 1759, when Wolfe scaled a rugged precipice. 

15. On the 15th one of Morgan's lieutenants with a party, reconnoitered the walls. 
Henry states that Arnold had only 350 effective men. Lt. Gov. Caldwell's well fur- 
nished farm house in the suburbs, was occupied by the troops. Arnold formed his line 
without musket range in front of the walls, and kept them in position, while a thirty-six- 
pounder of the enemy's opened upon them, and which they answered by huzzas. 
Henry relates that this caused much dissatisfaction in those, who thought the conduct of 
Arnold sprung from a vain desire to parade his power before those, who had formerly 
contemned him as a " horse jockey," — for Arnold had in previous years traded with the 
inhabitants in horses. This parade gave Henry " a contemptible opinion of Arnold." 
Gordon, the historian, applauds the manoeuvre. Amwell, the British historian, says 
their commander killed several. Henry says, all the blood spilt that day, flowed from 
Lt. Gov. Caldwell's fattened cattle. 

16. Montgomery joined Arnold, at this point, on the 1st of December. Henry says 
they began their march back on the 2d, and came that day within three miles of the 
city. The snow lay three feet deep on the ground, and Arnold's men had only the rags 
of their Summer clothing for protection from the cold. Some of them supplied their 
wants by plundering the houses of the tories in the vicinity. Under cover of the build- 
ings, and the risings of the land, some would advance near the walls and shoot down 
the sentinels. Capt. Lamb's York artillerists threw up in one night a battery of ice, 
and snow within six or seven hundred yards of the fortress, but were obliged to aban- 
don it the next day, after several men had been killed by the enemy's fire. Montgom- 
ery's whole force now amounted to about eleven hundred men. Many of thorn were on 
the sick list, and it was said the enemy had artfully introduced the small pox into the 
American camp. 

17. Montgomery had planned an attack as early as the 20th or 21st, but no favorable 
opportunity occurred to carry it out. It is said the men were exercised with scaling 
ladders. He was anxious that it should be done before the 1st of January, as the terms 
of service of many of the New England men expired on that day. A thick snow storm 
at night now offered him a fitting opportunity. 

On Arnold's side the men followed at a rapid rate, close under the fire of the muske- 
try from the walls. Arnold was in the van, leading the forlorn hope ; then came 
Lamb's artillerists. Morgan followed with his riflemen ; after whom came Steele with 
Smith's company. Hendrick and the New Englanders brought up the rear. Facing a 
piercing snow storm, covering their gun locks with the lappets of their coats, these men 
advanced in single file and knee-deep through the snow drifts, to sustain the fortunes 
of their commanders. At the first barrier, Arnold was wounded and borne to the rear, 



11 Expedition against Quebec. [April, 

The battery was, however, carried, and the guard of thirty men were either taken or 
fled. The Americans supplied themselves with the captured arms, and advanced to a 
second battery. In the mean time Montgomery's division had fled from the attack on 
the opposite side of the town, and the forces, which had been opposed to him, now join- 
ed their companions against the assaults of Arnold's party. Still the Americans pressed 
on, to be swept away, rank after rank, as they mounted the barrier before them. The 
enemy's marksmen had posted themselves in the houses which lined the street, within 
the battery, and poured a constant and well directed fire on the assailants. Lt. Hum- 
phreys with some rangers, made a last great effort to carry the breast work ; and Mor- 
gan was among them, exampling all by his bravery, which amounted even to temerity. 
He soon saw the attempt was futile, and as day was now breaking to give greater surety 
to the enemy's aim, he ordered his men to seek the cover of the neighboring houses. 
Humphreys had just fallen in the street, and soon after entering the houses, Capt. Hen- 
drick received a struggling ball in his heart through a window. Lt. Cooper, of Connec- 
ticut, fell also here. Two hundred of the enemy now sallied from the Palace gate, and 
most of the Canadians, and Indians of the American party, and many others, made their 
escape across the ice of the St. Charles. The rest finding themselves surrounded, sur- 
rendered at about 9 o'clock. 

On the St. Lawrence side of the town, General Montgomery led the attack himself, 
along the foot of the precipice, which the citadel walls crowned. He first encountered 
a strong stockade of posts, thickly set, and strongly bound together, fifteen or twenty 
feet high. Four of the posts were soon sawed asunder, and a column four abreast,' en- 
tered with their chieftain at their head. A few paces on they reached a second. Mont- 
gomery himself sawed down two of the pickets, and led in a double file, close by the 
foot of the precipice, and without the range of the cannon in a block house which stood 
a few rods on. The guard had not yet been alarmed, and many of them were partially 
intoxicated : but as the Americans advanced, they were discovered, and the guard re- 
treated. While the Americans pushed on with cheers, a drunken sailor, who was in 
the rear of his retreating companions, applied a match to his gun, which raked the first 
ranks of the advancing column, and killed their General with his two aids. In the dark- 
ness of the night, Campbell on whom the command had now fallen, thought he was op- 
posed by a greater force, and ordered a retreat without the range of the cannon, when 
in a council of his officers, it was decided to abandon the attack. Henry. 

18. Capt. Lamb's company were the York artillerists. Morgan's were the celebrated 
Virginia Rangers. Smith's and Hendricks were from Lancaster and Cumberland Coun- 
ties, in Pennsylvania. Henry thus describes their dress. " Each man of the three com- 
panies bore a rifle barreled gun, a tomahawk, or small axe, and a long knife usually 
called a scalping knife, which served for all purposes in the woods. His under-dress, 
by no means in a military style, was covered by a deep ash-colored hunting-shirt, leg- 
gins, and mocassins, if the latter could be procured. It was a silly fashion of those 
times for rifle-men to ape the manners of savages." George Merchant, belonged to 
Morgan's company. Lt. M'Cleland, belonged to Hendrick's. Of Capt. Matthew 
Smith's company ; — Sergeant Dixon, was wounded during the siege, Nov. 17. It was 
the first bloodshed in the attack ; — Alex. Nelson, was killed in the assault of the first 
barrier ; John M. Taylor, was made purveyor and Commissary, by Arnold. 

Lt. Archibald Steele, was made on the march an Aid-de-Camp, to Arnold. Sergeant 
Thomas Boyd, was killed in the R. I. expedition. Cavener and Conner, enlisted in the 
English service for the purpose of escaping, which they did. HandchW s company was 
from Connecticut. 

19. Henry's estimate of the American loss is six killed, and five wounded of the Com- 
missioned officers, and of the Uncommissioned officers, and privates, at least one hund- 
red and fifty killed and fifty or sixty wounded : while of the enemy, the killed he num- 
bers at forty or fifty, and the wounded, at many more. 

20. Henry says that the merchants obtained General Carleton's leave to make them 
a New Year's present. It was a larg^butt of porter, with a due quantity of bread and 
cheese. They shared more than a pint a man ! 

21. On the 3d, Carleton conducted the funerals of Montgomery and his officers, with 
becoming parade. On the 4th, Col. McLean visited them and took their names and 
places of nativity. Those of British birth were threatened with a voyage to England, 
to be tried as traitors, unless they enlisted in the " Emigrants," a new regiment, and 
McLean's own. 

22. This was the Dauphin Prison, where they found better accomodations. Henry 
says his company had been reduced to scarcely more than thirty, when they had 
ascended the plains with sixty-five. Less than twenty-five of Morgan's company reached 
home. They had not boon inoculated and the small pox made sad ravages. 



L852.] Expedition against Quebec. 145 

23. The prison was 300 yards from St. Johns gate. The guard were Canadian militia, 
whose station was on the opposite side of the street. Some iron hoops, which they 
found in the building, furnished the prisoners with spearheads and sword blades. They 
had secreted a few knives and hatchets. Ashton was chosen leader, with a full display 
of under officers. They were divided into two detachments, one to attack the guard 
house, the other the gate, when they were to turn the cannon upon the town. They 
intended to make the sally by the cellar door, and the officers had planned that the ice 
should be removed silently with their long knives on the night of their rising. One of 
their number escaped to the army without, and gave notice to them to act in concert. 
By artifices they had procured a small supply of powder from the sentries, for matches, 
&c. Every thing was arranged, when two young New Englanders, ignorant ofthe plan of 
the chiefs, one day descended to the cellar, and commenced chopping the ice, and by 
the noise, revealed the conspiracy. The person who gave the whole secret of the plot, 
was an English deserter, who had joined the camp at Cambridge. Henry. 

24. They at last obtained permission that an Irishman, one of their number, should 
be allowed to obtain vegetable food for them in the city. They soon became more 
relieved. 

25. These belonged to Simpson's party, and were taken on the retreat. The w ith- 
drawal of the American army, brought an abundance of fresh provisions and relief to 
the prisoners. 

26. Henry repeatedly bears testimony to the kind, hearted and benevolent conduct of 
Sir Guy Carleton. 

27. The following is the parole : — 

" We, whose names are underwritten, do solemnly promise unto bis Excellency, 
Gen 1 Carleton, that we will not say or do any thing against his Majesty's person or 
Government, but repair whenever his Excellency, Gen 1 Carleton, or any other, his 
Majesty's commander-in-chief, shall think fit to call for us." 

Henry states that this parole was signed on the 7th August. He viewed by permission 
the city fortification before he left, and has recorded his opinion, that had the two de- 
tachments of the American army effected a junction, their efforts to take the upper town, 
must have been futile, on account of the great strength of the approach. He can not 
believe that Montgomery's project extended further than to capture the lower town, 
burn it, and the shipping, and then prepare for an assault on the upper town ; for the 
plunder, they would thus acquire, would induce the men, whose terms of service bad 
expired, to remain longer. The prisoners embarked on the 8th, and sailed on the 10th of 
August, and arrived at New York on the 11th of September. There is a good account 
of the expedition in Lossing's " Field book ofthe Revolution," I. 193. 

Appended to this journal in the autograph of the latter part of it, is an account ofthe 
distances of the various portages on the Kennebec, Dead and Chaudiere rivers. There 
seems to be two different accounts, slightly varying. This is the summing up of one 
account. 



On the Kennebec, 
To Dead River, 
On Dead River, 
On Chaudiere, 


Number of 
Carrying Places. 

4 

4 

16 

3 

27 


Rods. 
99 

125 

7 

294 


Miles. 

1 
10 1-3 

8 
1-2 

19 5-6 


Rod?. 

3 

7 

10 


Miles. 

3 1-4 
28 1-3 


Total, 


31 7-1 


GENEALOGY OF THE WARE FAMILY 





Prepared by W. B. Trask, of Dorchester. 

Robert 1 Ware, husbandman, settled in that part of Dedham, Mass., 
now called "Wrentham ; was one of the original proprietors of lands in 
Dedham, granted 6. 12. 1642 ; made freeman, May 26, 1647 ; was 
member of the ar. eo. 1644; and died, April 19, 1699. We have but 
little information concerning him. He was one of the six individuals 
mentioned, who were " impressed by virtue of a warrant from y c Major," 
in Dedham, to serve in King Philip's war. On the Town Records, he 
is styled, " Robert Ware the aged." His name stands, second, also, in 
19 



146 Genealogy. [April, 

point of wealth, on the tax list of that period. His will was made, Feb. 
25, 1698. An abstract of it, with the autograph, is here annexed. 

Robert Ware, of Dedham. Unto wife Hannah, the use & improvement of the East 
end of my Dwelling house, the North end of my Barne, halfe my Orchard, one third 
part of my pasture Land near my house, and at the North end of the Island planting 
field ; one third part of my Lot that I purchased of John Keelum that is fenced in par- 
ticular ; halfe my broad Meadow that lye betwixt the Lands of John Eaton, and the 
Widdow Kingsberry ; one horse beast ; as much household Stuff as She ^tand in need 
of, for her use all the terme of her natural life, and Twenty pounds of money. Son 
Samuel to provide her Wood fit for the fire at all times what she shall need, and he to 
be paid out of my Estate what is just. Also unto my Wife the improvement of two acres 
of Land that is broken up, where Samuel have a part, near Magus hill. Each of my 
children to have equal portions in my Estate, Excepting Son John, who is to have Twenty 
pound more than a Single portion. — Most of my Lands I divide amongst my three Sons 
in Dedham ; — what they have more than their equal portions they must make payment 
for to my Executors, within the Space of four yeares after my and my Wives decease. — 
Unto Son Samuel the West end of my Dwellinghouse ; the South end of my Barne, 
new Barne, Shop, halfe my Orchard, two parts of three of all my pasture Land near my 
house, Greens Lott, two Thirds of all my Land at the North end of the Island Planting 
field, two parts of three of the Land purchased of John Keelum, a quarter part of my 
broad Meadow, my foule Meadow, all my Swamps near my house and about Greens 
Lot, my Swamp near South plain, and my Land at the Clapboard Trees. More, five 
acres of Wood land near to Medfield way as it abuts on Josejjh Wights Lot.- I give 
unto him halfe of that Land I bought of Mr. D wight near to Magus hill, abutteth on 
Lands of Widow Metcalfe West and John Eaton East ; one third part of my Land at 
the Stamping place, and one third part at Chestnut hill ; halfe my Land at Magus hill 
within fence, and halfe on the North Side of my fenced Land. After the decease of my 
Wife, Samuel my Son, is to have all my housing and Orchard ; all the Lands near my 
house, Uplands and Swamps, Greens Lot, all my Swamps about it ; all my Lands at 
the Northerly end of planting field, Meadow and Upland, as it abutteth on the East on 
Charles River, and the pond North : all my Meadow and Upland that is fenced in with 
Eleazer Kingsberrys Land, near Vine rock ; halfe my broad Meadow and t four Cow 
Common rights. I give unto my son Ephraim, that Land I purchased of Mr. Dwight, 
that abut on his house Lot East ; halfe my Land near Magus hill within fence, halfe my 
Land on the North side of my Land fenced in, all my Small parcels of Meadow near it, 
one third part of my Land at the Stamping ground, one third part of Land at Chesnut 
hill, and three Cow Common rights ; one fourth part of broad Meadow, and after the 
decease of my Wife one third part. — All my Children shall have equal share in my Lot 
at the great Cedar Swamp. — Unto son Ebenezcr, all my Land as it lyeth abutting upon 
Daniels Swampy Meadow East, Samuel Parker, North. More ; one parcel of Land 
a little distant from his house Lot towards the East by John Woodcocks Land. One 
third part of my Land at the Stamping ground and Chesnut hill ; after my Wives de- 
cease, a third part of my broad Meadow and three Cow Common rights. — Unto my Chil- 
dren at Wrentham, their portions to be equally divided betwixt them ; all Moveables, 
cattle and household Stuff what my Wife can Spare, my Cloaths, all Debts due to me, 
eight acres of Land I purchased of Henry Brock and Lambert Ginery, as it lyeth in 
the Island planting field ; three acres of Land I purchased of Thomas Eames, abutting 
on John Woodcock. After the decease of my Wife, the household Stuff she haVe to use 
be equally divided amongst them. It is my Will that my houses and Lands near home 
may be low prized. The Lands in planting field, being poor Lands require much fen~ 
cing. — Sons John, Robert, and Samuel, Executors. — Friends Deacon Thomas Metcalfe, 
Deac Wm Avery, and Deac Joseph Wight Overseers. I have hereunto Set my hand 
and " Seal the date aforesai d , &c. ~ 

In presence of us ^^^^ebs* 8 ^ 

WcnSr 

Thomas Batlelle, Hannah Mderidge, Thomas Fuller. ^"^ 

Will Proved May 11, 1699. 

Inventory of his Estate, taken May 3, 1699. Apprized by Elazer Kingsbury, Tho- 
mas Fuller, Amos Fisher, j£250. 2. 10. 

ROBERT 1 WARE, m. Margaret Hunting, children, 
(2.) I. John, 2 (9.) b. Oct, 6, 1648; settled in Wrentham— had 3 wives. 






1852. J Genealogy. 147 

(3.) II. Nathaniel, 2 (16.) b. Oct. 7, 1649 or 1650. d. in Wrentham, 

July 1, 1724— left 5 sons, 3 daus. 
(4.) III. Robert, 2 b. Aug. 1, 1653, m. Elizabeth White 1709, hadEliza- 
beth, 3 Robert, 3 Joseph, 3 Timothy, 3 Henry, 3 Jonathan, 3 Thomas, 3 Ich- 
abod, 3 Jemima. 3 Robert, 2 died, Sept. 16, 1724. 
(5.) IV. Esther, 2 b. Sept. 28, 1655. m. Rev. Samuel Mann, of Wren- 
tham, May 13, 1673. d. Sept. 3, 1734, had 6 sons, 5 daus. 
(6.) V. Samuel, 2 b. Sept. 30, 1657. d. at an advanced age, in Dedham, 

left one son who was drowned. 
(7.) VI. Ephraim, 2 b. Nov. 5, 1659, d. at Needham, aged 94, left 2 

sons, 3 daus. 
(8.) VII. Ebenezer, 2 b. Oct. 2S, 1667, d. at Needham, aged 98, had 5 
wives, 1 son, 6 daus. 
JOHN, 2 (2.) had 
(9.) I. John, 3 b. 1670, m. 1696, d. 1719, had 3 sons, 3 dau\ 
(10.) II. A son, 3 b. 1676, m. 1701, d. 1750, had 3 sons, 3 dau\ 
(11.) III. Abigail, 3 b. 1681, m. 1702 ; 1 son, 2 dau". 
(12.) IV. Joseph, 3 (19.) b. 1682, m. 1709, d. in Sherburne, had 2 sons, 

3 dau s . 
(13.) V. Mary, 3 b. 16S4, m. Nicholson, d. 1740— childless. 

(14.) VI. Hannah, 3 b. 1686, m. Fairbanks, d. 1730, of a cancer 

in her breast — left 3 sons. 
(15.) VII. Benjamin, 3 b. 1688, d. 1744, left 1 dau. who m. Seth Brewster. 

NATHANIEL, 2 (3.) had wife Mary, children, 
(16.) I. Josiah, 3 (24.) b. in Wrentham, March 21, 1707. 
(17.) II. Mary, 3 b. March 2, 1708. 
(18.) III. Hezekiah, 3 b. April 17, 1711. 

JOSEPH, 3 (12.) had children. 
(19.) I. Zipporah, 4 m. Goulding ; had Joseph, John, Eleazer, 

Mary, Zipporah, Hannah. 
(20.) II. Hepzibah, 4 m. Prentiss, had Benj., Stephen, Hannah, 

Hepzibah, Sarah. 
(21.) III. Hannah, 4 m. 2 l Hill, d. childless. 

(22.) IV. John, 4 (34.) m. Martha Prentiss, of Cambridge, June 16, 1743. 
(23.) V. Benjamin, 4 m. d. childless. 

JOSIAH, 3 (16.) — went to Needham, soon after reaching the age of 
21 ; purchased a tract of uncultivated land, where he commenced 
farming, and there continued till the time of his death in 1798; m. 
1 st Lydia Macintire, Jan. 7, 1741, children, 
(24.) I. Josiah, 4 ^ (44.) b. in Needham, Sept. 15, 1742, moved when 
young to Wrentham, m. Lois, dau. of Elisha & Phebe Ware of W., 
June 8, 1770. He died, Oct. 23, 1836. 
(25.) II. Elijah, 4 b. Feb. 7, 1744, d. young. 
(26.) III. Lydia, 4 (51.) b. 1745, m. Solomon Flagg, of Needham, Sept. 

4, 1766. 
(27.) IV. Elijah, 4 (57.) b. Sept. 30, 1747, m. Rebecca Woodward. 
He died in 1817. 

m. 2', Dorothy Dewen, April 13, 1750, had 
(28.) V. Asa, 4 (58.) b. March, 5, 1751, moved early to Wrentham, m. 
Phebe, dau. of Elisha and Phebe Ware of W. — lost his left hand 
at the battle of Monmouth under Gen 1 Lee — was Deac. of the 
church near 40 years, and died May 9, 1832. 
(29.) VI. Dorothy, 4 b. May 16, 1752, m. Josiah Hall of Wrentham ; 
no issue. She died in 1815. 

*ITe was a worthy and industrious farmer, arid ono of trip building Committor for 
erecting the fir^t church in N, WnMilham. 



143 Genealogy. [April, 

(30.) VII. Joseph, 4 (65.) the author of the journal, b. Oct. 15, 1753, 
m. Esther Smith of Needham. She was born Jan. 16, 1756. He 
was a farmer, and followed that occupation till the commencement 
of the Revolution, when he entered the army ; served through the 
war; was at the battles of Concord j \w//^ 

and Ticonderoga; acted as orderly */ yfj?/ / jfy/ 

sergeant and recruiting officer ; * d. y/^C/cfl/? //£1<7'C/ 
Nov. 12, 1805. His widow d. Aug. // / 
1S34. U 

(31.) VIII. Daniel, 4 (72.) " Esq." b. May 19, 1755, m. Abigail Newell, 
He passed two terms of service, of 3 months each, as orderly ser- 
geant, in the army, and filled, afterward, various public offices in 
Needham. 

m. 3 d , Mehitable Whitney, Oct. 13, 1757, had 

(32.) IX. Mehitable, 4 b. Aug. 3, 1758, m. Whitney of Stow. 

She d. in 1835. 

(33.) X. William, 4 b. 1760, d. young. 

m. 4 th , Sibel Robinson, April 19, 1764 ; no issue. 
JOHN, 4 (22.) had children, 

(34.) I. Martha 5 . 

(35.) II. Elizabeth, 5 m. Peter Bullard, had 7 sons & 7 dau\ 

(36.) Ill, Mary, 5 m. Jonathan Holbrook, had 2 dau s . 

(37.) IV. Joseph, 5 b. April 30, 1751, m. Grace Coolidge. He lost an 
arm at the battle of White Plains, and, notwithstanding his muti- 
lation, continued, like his father, to lead the active life of a farmer. 
He was father of Hon. Ashur Ware, U. S. District Judge for the 
State of Maine. Two of the brethren of Joseph 5 served in the 
Revolutionary war. One of them was at the battle of Bunker's 
Hill, when only 14 years of age. Had 3 sons, 2 dau s . 

(38.) V. John, 5 b. July 4, 1753, m. 1 st , Hannah Leland; 2\ Zeraiah (?) 
Brown. 

(39.) VI. Martha, 5 m. Joel Coolidge, had 4 sons & 4 dau s . 

(40.) VII. Benjamin, 5 b. Jan. 8, 1759, m. Mehitabel Leland, had 2 
sons, 3 dau s . 

(41.) VIII. Persis, 5 b. Aug. 12, 1761, m. William Adams, had 4 sons, 
3 dau s . 

(42.) IX. Henry, 5 D.D. (78.) b. April 1, 1764, entered Harvard University 

at the age of 18, graduated in 1785, ordained in Hingham Oct. 24, 

1787, elected Hollis Professor at Cambridge, 1805 ; held that office 

till 1840, died July 12, 1845. He m. 1 st , Mary, dau. of Rev. Jonas 

Clarke of Lexington, 1789. Mrs. C. was a grand, dau. of Rev. 

Thomas Hancock of L., who was grandfather of the celebrated 

John Hancock. 

m. 2 1 , Mary, dau. of James Otis, and widow of Benjamin Lincoln Jr. 

Feb. 1807. She died at Cambridge Feb. 17, 1807, aged 43. 

m. 3 d , Elizabeth, dau. of Nicholas Bowes, in Sept. 1807. Mr. B. 

was formerly an eminent bookseller of Boston. 

(43.) X. Azariah, 5 b. Jan. 12, 1769, m. Sarah Babcock, had 1 son, 2 
dau s . 
JOSIAH, 4 (24.) and Lois had 

(44.) I. Rhoda, 5 d. young. 

* The family had in their possession, less than twenty years ago, a book, which cannot 
now be found. It contained, with other matters of interest, the names of all the men 
whom Sergeant Ware enrolled. 



1852] Genealogy. 149 

(45.) II. Eunice, 6 m. Daniel Cook. 

(46.) III. Josiah, 6 m. Mehitable Richardson of Franklin. 

(47.) IV. Elisha, 6 

(48.) V. Lucy, 6 m. Benjamin Rockwood. 

(49.) VI. Darius, 6 

(50.) VII. Lois, 6 m. Josiah Codding. 

SOLOMON and LYDIA, 4 (26.) Flagg had 

(51.) I. Elisha, 6 b. Nov. 10, 1767. 

(52.) II. Lydia, 6 b. July 8, 1771. 

(53.) III. Solomon, 6 b. Feb. 18, 1774. 

(54.) IV. Sibel, 6 b. Oct. 20, 1776. 

(55.) V. Sally, 6 b. Oct, 2, 1780. 

(56.) VI. Polly, 6 b. June 1, 1784. 
ELIJAH, 6 (27.) and Rebecca had 

(57.) I. Luther. 6 II. Calvin. 6 III. Rebecca. 6 IV. Sally. 6 V. Patty. 6 
ASA, 4 (28.) and Phebe had 

(58.) I. Hannah, 6 b. May 20, 1781. (59.) II. Asa, 6 b. June 16, 1783. 

(60.) III. Caleb, 6 b. Nov. 10, 178S. (61.) IV. Theodore, 6 b. March 2, 
1792. 

(62.) V. Phebe, 6 b. Nov. 22, 1794. (63.) VI. Chloe, 6 b. July 6, 1797. 

(64.) VII. Silas, 6 b. June 3, 1800. 
JOSEPH, 4 (30.) and Esther had 

(65.) I. Joseph, 6 b. Nov. 9, 1778, m. Nancy Smith, now living. 

(66.) II. William, 6 b. Aug. 5, 1784, in Natick, m. Abigail Williams, 
Jan. 1, 1812, still living. She was born in Roxbury, April 23, 
1791. He died Nov. 30, 1839. 

(67.) III. George, 6 b. June 25, 1787, unm. d. May, 1820. 

(68.) IV. Polly, 6 b. June 10, 1789, d. April 5, 1796. 

(69.) V. Abigail, 6 b. Sept. 10, 1791, (living.) m. 1 st , John Seavems. 
2 1 , Thomas Russell Shepard — living. 

(70.) VI. Ralph, 6 b. July 19, 1793, d. March 20, 1800. 

(71.) VII. Mary, 6 b. April 12, 1795, m. John Whittemore, both living. 
DANIEL, 4 (31.) and Abigail had 

(72.) I. Daniel, 6 b. Sept. 22, 1785. (73.) II. Dorothy, 6 b. Feb. 9, 1788. 

(74.) III. Reuben, 6 b. June 12, 1790. (75.) IV. Reuel, 6 b. Sept. 24, 
1794. 

(76.) V. Dexter, 6 b. Oct. 27, 1797, killed in the fall of 1851, by the 
cars, at Grantville depot. 

(77.) VI. Nabby, 6 b. Feb. 24, 1800. (78.) VII. & VIII. Lucinda, 6 and 
Louisa, 6 b. April 17, 1804. 
HENRY, 6 (42.) and Mary (Clarke) Ware had 

(78.) I. Fanny, 6 (79.) II. Julia, 6 both died in infancy. 

(80.) III. Lucy Clark, 6 m. Rev. Joseph Allen, D. D. of Northborough. 

(81.) IV. Mary Cotton, 6 m. Jarius Lincoln, Esq., of Northborough. 

(82.) V. Henry, 6 D. D. b. at Hingham, April 21, 1794, grad. of H. U. 
1S12 ; ord. Pastor of the Second Church, in Boston, Jan. 1, 1817, 
m. Oct. following Elizabeth Watson Waterhouse, dau. of Dr. Ben- 
jamin W. of Cambridge. She died Feb. 9, 1824, aged 30. He m. 
2 1 , Mary Lovell Pickard, dau. of Mark Pickard, Esq., formerly a 
merchant of Boston, June 11, 1827. Mr. W. dissolved his pastoral 
connection in 1830 ; was afterward Professor of Pulpit Eloquence 
at Cambridge, and died Sept, 22, 1843. 

(83.) VI. John, 6 M. D. bap. at Hingham Dec. 27, 1795, grad. at Har- 
vard 1813 — the well known physician in Boston. 

(84.) VII. William, 6 b. 1797, grad. H. U. 1816 ; settled over the 



150 Genealogy. [April, 

First Unitarian Church and Society in New York ; afterward 

at West Cambridge, Mass.; author of " Zenobia," " Probus," &c. 

He died in Cambridge, Feb. 19, 1852, aged 54, 
(85.) VIII. Martha, 6 d. aged 3 1-2 years. 

(86.) IX. Harriet, 6 m. Rev. Edward B. Hall, D. D. of Providence, R. I. 
(87.) X. Martha Ann, 6 d. in infancy. 

Children of HENRY, 6 and Elizabeth (Bowes) Ware. 
(88.) XI. Elizabeth Ann, 6 m. Rev. George Putnam, D. D. of Roxbury, 

Mass. 
(89.) XII. Frederic Augustus, 6 d. in infancy. 
(90.) XIII. Caroline Rebecca, 6 m. Edward Warren, M. D. of Newton, 

Mass. 
(91.) XIV. Charles Eliot, 6 M. D. grad. of H. U. 1834; physician in 

Boston. 
(92.) XV. Edward Proctor, 6 drowned in Charles River, aged 10 years. 
(93.) XVI. Charlotte Louisa. 6 (94.) XVII. George Frederick, 6 grad. 

IT TT 1QOQ 

(95.) XVIII. Thornton Kirkland, 6 grad. H. U. 1842. (96.) XIX. 

Ann Storrow. 6 

Note. In reference to the Journal of Mr. Ware, it is evident that, he placed several 
facts under the 29th of December, which occurred on the 31st, as may be seen on pages 
132 and 133 of this Periodical. 

OATES OF YARMOUTH, MS. 

John Oates, or Oats, of Yarmouth, Mass. and his Descendants. 

John Oates, the emigrant ancestor of a family now called Otis, ap- 
peared at Yarmouth, Mass., as early as 1717, as appears from the fol- 
lowing extract from the Town Records — "John Oats and Dority Joyce 
were joined in marriage Dec r the 19th day, 1717, by Peter Thacher, 
Justice of Peace." 

He was not related to the family of Otis, otherwise we should by 
records or tradition be able to trace out the relationship. Mr. Bray of 
Yarmouth, an accurate genealogist, was connected with the Joyce family 
— his father and grandfather lived near the residence of Oates, and his 
grandmother remembered some of the first settlers in Yarmouth. He 
says that John Oats was an " Englishman," that is, born in England ; was 
by trade a shoemaker. 

John Oates so spelled his name. It is written on the records Oates 
and Oats ; — was pronounced with one syllable, Oats and not O-tis or 
Ot-tis. In a deed of Samuel Joyce and " John Oates " of the house 
" formerly built by the s d Oates," dated 8 Nov. 1731, in the handwrit- 
ing of Sturgis Junior, the name is uniformly written Oates. The signa- 
ture is not very distinct. John is plainly written, and the last letters of 
the surname are " tes " ; the first is an " O ", and the next looks like 
" ot ", probably intended for an " a." 

His wife belonged to one of the most respectable and wealthy families 
in the town. Her brothers were named Thomas, John, Samuel, and 
Hosea.^ The latter died young ; the other names are common in the 
family. In the list of members admitted to the West Parish Church in 
Yarmouth, "since April 16, 1729," among the first entries, is "Dorothy 
Oats," wife of John Oats. 

♦John Joyce's (son of Hosea) widow, married John Drake, of Yarmouth, who with his 
family, removed to East Greenwich, R. I., about the year 1726. [Yarmouth Reg. 12 Nov. 
1810. s. G. D. 



1852.] Oates Genealogy. 151 

Oates was at Yarmouth in 1739, and probably removed, first, to Rhode 

Island, where some of his wife's connexions had settled. Ansel Taylor, 

a nephew of Oates, and b. 1749, did not recollect him, but had heard his 

mother speak of him. About 1750, Oates removed to " Capearsue," 

now Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, and finally settled in Bristol, Me., about 

1762, where he died. The children of John Oates and Dority Joyce, 

as found by the Yarmouth Chh. and Town Records, were, 

(2.) I. Mary Oates, 2 b. 6 Mar., 1719-20, m. Peter Rider, 3 May, 1739, 
and d. 28 June, 1743, leaving one son, Roland. 

(3.) II. John Oats, 2 a twin of Mary 2 . 

(4.) III. Peter Oats, 2 b. 6 Nov., 1722. 

(5.) IV. James Oats, 2 a twin of Peter 2 . 

(6.) V. Thankful Oats, 2 b. 1 Nov., 1725. 

(7.) VI. Samuel Oats, 2 b. 1729, (omitted on the Town Records), went 
with his father to R. I., m. Patience Sherman, of Dartmouth, R. I. 
He settled with his father in Bristol, Me., where he d. 1805, as. 76 ; 
and she d. 1828, 03. 96. 

(8.) VII. Desire Oats, 2 b. 10 Nov., 1730. 

Samuel Oats, 2 7 — (VI) and Patience Sherman had issue, 

(9.) I. Samuel, 3 b. m. Mercy Williams, of Harpswell, Me., where he 
s. and died 1831. Had James 4 , m. and settled in Brunswick; and 
Samuel 4 , m. and s. in Topsham, Me. 

(10.) II. Watty, 3 m. Miles Thompson. She d. in Friendship, 1775, 
and left 1 dau. 

(11.) III. Ebenezer Otis, 3 b. 14 Sept, 1762, m. Rebecca Williams, of 
Harpswell, and s. in St. George, and d. in Thomaston, Me. 22 June 
1816. He had one son Ebenezer, 4 b. March 1804, m. and has 3 sons 
and daus. He has been a Representative from St. George, & a 
senator in the Maine Legislature, for a number of years. Ebene- 
zer, 3 had also 7 daus. 

(12.) IV. David, 3 b. 22 Oct. 1776, m. Jane Boyd, of Bristol, s. in Alna, 
Me., and d. 1849. He had besides, 3 daus., Wm. B. 4 of Alna, and 
Samuel, 4 of Belfast, both m. and have children. 

(13.) V. Thankful, 3 b. about 1775, m. Stephen Tibbets, of Bristol. 
She d. 1841. 

(14.) VI. Patience, 3 m. John Davis, of Friendship, and d. 1850. 

(15.) VII. Ana, 3 m. Benj. Williams, of Thomaston, and now d. 

(16.) VIII. Sarah, 3 m. Joshua Hilton, of Portland, d. 1838. 

(17.) IX. John, 3 b. 1775, m. Mary Otis, of Bristol, Me., where he now 
resides. Issue, Samuel, 4 b. 1801, m. Lois Row, s. in Bristol, and 
has John, 5 Amanda, 5 and Eben. R.; 5 Sally, 4 h. 1803, m. John Page 
of B.; Mary Ann 4 b. 1809, m. Samuel Davis; Nancy, 4 b. 181% 
m. John Parkei, of Chicago, 111.; Ambrose, 4 b. 1820, m. Emeline 
Pool, s. in Chicago, 111., and has 3 children. 



Newspaper Item. — We learn by a letter from Chautaugue county, 
N. Y., that they are endeavoring to get the names of all the old inhabi- 
tants of that county, in their own hand writing, with the date and place 
of their birth, and their genealogy as far back as they can trace it. We 
have been able to put one of our own name, in that county, in posses- 
sion of his own ancestry, on both his father's and mother's side, from 
the first settlement of the country down. [Advent Herald, March 6, 
1852. 



152 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms. [April, 

ABSTRACT OF THE EARLIEST WILLS UPON RECORD 
IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK. 

[Will of Roeeiit Keayjve, continued from p. 92, of this Volume.] 

If the Towne of Boston shall sett vpon one or two of these workes & 
neglect to Carry on the rest as if they should build only the Condit & 
Market House & not a Townes house or Library & Gallere, or a Gran- 
nere & not a Condit, &c. then my will is, [that they have only a propor- 
tional part] compared with the value of the other buildings left vndone, 
[The residue,] for the vse of the Collidge. 

Now if any part thereof fall to the Collidge, my desire is, that should be 
improved, [not about the buildings or repaires,] but for the helpe of Such 
poore & hopefull Scholhs whose Parents are not comfortably able to 
maintaine them there for theire dyett & Learning, or for some addition 
yearely to the poorer sort of fellowes or Tutors whose Parents are not 
able nor themselves haue not abillitie nor supplies otherwise, to defray 
there charge, and make there studyes Comfortable &c. [To be referred to 
the President, Overseers, &c. of the Collidge.] Concerning my bookes 
giuen to begin the Library with, all in Boston, if the Towne should not 
within five years after my decease build a handsome roome for a Library, 
&c. that then they may be delivered to the Collidge. 

I had in some of my form r wills set a part some Legacies for the 
Trayning vp of some of the Indians, as also of theire Children to be 
taught to write &; read, &; to Learne the English Tongue & had thought 
vpon and proposed some wayes how to get of theire Children and youth 
that they might be so taught, as also that some of our young students 
might be incouraged to Study the Indian Tongue & instruct the Indians, 
& to Preach or Prophecy to them in theire own Language, as they should 
haue been directed by y e Magistrates or Eld r s. I had also left some 
pledge of my Loue to m r Elliot & some others that haue taken paines to 
instruct y e Indians, but the truth is, that vnkinde Carriage of m r Elliott 
(that I may putt noe worse Tittle vpon it) in Seeking to interrupt, yea to 
take away, not only from my selfe, but from some others also, Certain 
fTarmes not giuen to vs by the Genn r all Court, but my owne bought with 
my money, of the wor sp my Brother Dudly & some others, but after it 
was graunted by the Court to be in that place, & I had been at the charge 
to Survey & Lay it out &; after it was againe ratifyed to me by the 
genn r all Court — There was Land enough granted to them by the Court 
with out the bounds of any of our fFarms ; the action it selfe being very 
vnsavory not only to our selues but to many oth rs , Therefore I would 
make it my request to the Reverent Eld r s of this Country not to be too 
Stifle & resolute in accomplishing theire owne wills & wayes, but to 
harken to the advice & counsell of there Brethren, & to be as easily 
p swaded, to yeeld in civill & earthly respects & things as they expect 
to p r vayle with any of vs, when they haue a request to make for one 
thing or another, Least by too much Stiffness, they hinder many good 
workes that may be p fitable to themselues and to the whole Country. 
But God hath beene pleased to provide Such a Comfortable Supply, from 
Larger & fuller purses, to carry on this great & good worke amongst the 
Indians, that they shall not neede the helpe of p tiall p sons to make any 
addition that way. 

I giue one hundreth pound of that which I had formerly set a part, for 
the Indians, to the vse of the Collidge, [on condition that the people of 



1852.] Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms. 153 

Boston accept his former offer, " or any thing vnder the one halfe of the 
whole sume which is Two hundred & Ten pounds fall to the Collidge "] 
w ch 1001b will purchase Twenty Cowes & these Cowes will Let for Twenty 
pounds a yeare, which Twenty pounds p Anno I desire may be disposed 
of to the best good of the Schollrs. If the whole 420 or one halfe of it 
Come to the Collidge, then this Legacy of one Hundred pound shall 
become voyd. 

I giue to my Loveing Son Majo r Benjamine Keayne, over and above 
the third part of my Cleane Estate as before mentioned, the great Gold 
Emerod Ring that was my wives fathers & now in my wiues keeping, 
which I desire that he may keepe by him, & neither sell nor giue away 
as long as he Liues, Except Some great necessitie should force him 
there vnto. 

Item, I giue to him further, as my Speciall gift to him, my little written 
booke in my Closet upon i Cor : i i : 27 : 28 : w ch is a Treatise on the 
Sacram 1 of the Lords Supper p m r Briarly a little thin pocket book, bound 
in Leather, all written with my owne hand, which I esteeme more pretious 
then gold, & w ch I haue read over I thinke a 100 & a 100 times & hope 
he will read it over no Lesse, but make it his Constant Companion, & 
that it may be as pretious to him, as euer it was to me ; to let any one 
that desires haue a Coppie of it. 

In some of my former wills I did bequeath to him likewise my 3 great 
written bookes vpon the Exposition of the Bible & request that he would 
carry on the same worke, which will be a worke of his whole life ; but 
considering Since that he will be hardly able, nor it may be willing to 
take so much paynes, & considering also that such a worke should be 
appropriated to one man only, may be beneficiall to a Society of men, 1 
have Since thought it would be more vsefull to giue them to some pub- 
licke library, as now I haue done. 

There wilbe found may bookes both printed & written that haue 
diverse Leaues turned down thicke in them, they are only such choyce 
places w ch I intended to transcribe into these 4 great paper bookes. 

I giue to my Loueing wife m r s Ann Keayne, over & above her third 
part of my Lands &c. one ffeather Bedd & Beddsteede, with a ffeather 
Bowlster & one pillow, two white blanketts, one Rugg, two paire of sheets 
two pillowbers, with a paire of Curtaines, &; valence Suitable to her owne 
Vse ; not the best of all that I haue in my house, but the bedd with the 
furniture before mentioned, to be Second, or next to the best of all, if 
there should be any matteriall difference betweene them. 

I give to hir, that great Silver beare bowle that was giuen to vs both 
br m r Prescot, at the time of his deathe ; I meane he gaue vs 31b to buy a 
piece of plate, with which & some additions of my owne money putt to 
it, I bought this Cupp, which ingraven vpon the boule thereof to be the 
gift of m r Prescott to vs. 

I have allready giuen to my Son Benjamine Keayne a Comfortable 
portion at his marriage w ch is all that he can challenge by agreement 
betweene my Brother Dudley, myselfe & Son, at the Consumation of that 
vnhappy match betweene them ; therefor I hope my Son will not thinke 
much of what I doe here giue away by legacyes out of my owne estate 
but will be studious to p forme them according to my true intent. My 
motion about my Sonnes keeping his Lands &c. rather then goods, is 
because my desire is that he would resolve to Liue in this Country so 
Long as he can enjoye his peace, & keep a good conscience, which I 
thinke he may doe as well, if not better, then in any other part of the 
world. 

20 



154 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk Covnly, Ms. [April, 

I giue to Hannah Keaync, my Son Benjamins Daughter, Three hundred pound 
for a Legacy, to be payd to hir on the day of hir Marriage, or at the Age of 
Twenty yeares which of them shall first happen. So hir Marriage be not before 
the Eighteenth yeare of hir age; the Ordering of which 3001b. I leaue to the care 
of mv Executor, hir father, with Aduice of hir Grandmother, not only how the 
Stocke may best be ordered, but, how she may best be Educated ; the piofitt of 
which money yearely may be for hir dyet, clothes, & learning, (a part of which 
my desire is, may be to teach her to write well & to cipher in a reasonable Man- 
ner, & if I thought she would not addict hir selfe to it, or that hir father or 
Grandmother should neglect to haue hir Taught therein, 1 would takeaway a good 
part of this Legacy giuen to hir) till she come to receiue it hir selfe. More I 
would haue giuen to hir, but that I know hir father will haue a good Estate & 
haueing yet no other Child but She, wilbe able to giue her more then she will 
deserue, besides what the affection of hir Grandmother will Lead hir too ; This 
of itself wilbe a comfortable portion for hir maintenance, So She be not Cast away 
in hir Match, if God be pleased to bring hir to that Estate, My desire to hir father, 
Grandmother & my Overseers, [is] that all care be taken for hir Marriage, that 
she miscarry not that way, but be bestowed of Some man, truely fearing God. 
And my Speciall Charge to hir is, that she would not dare to set her affections 
vpon any in that kind, without there advice & helpe in such a choyce. 

[If Hannah dye, before the time specified, & Bcnjamine haue any other Child 
or Children of his own,] if he haue but one, then I giue Two Plundred of that 
3001b. to that one ; if two, then they to haue the 3001b. between them ; if three, 
then they to haue One Hundred pound a peece to be payed to them ; when either 
of them shalbe marryed, &c. If my son haue but one child, then the odd Hundred 
pound I giue to himselfe & the other 2001b. to his child as before. [If Hannah 
dye] before she comes to enjoye her portion & my Son haue noe other Child, I 
giue Hannah liberty to dispose of 10 or Twenty pounds in Legacyes to her friends ; 
if she die but a yeare before [she] receiued it Then I giue one Hundred pounds 
thereof to my wife, if living ; the other Two Hundreth unto my Son Bcnjamine ; 
if he surviue her, And if my wife should be dead, before the Grand Child comes 
to Age, that Hundredth pounds that I giue to her, I giue to the Collidge at 
Cambridge, If my Son [die] before his daughter, & Leaue no issue, & Hannah 
die before she receive her portion, Then I giue that Two hundredth pound like- 
wise vnto Harvard College, 

And because my Son, Major Bcnjamine Kcayne, is now in Old England, & 
may dye before me ; in such a case, my will is, [that his whole property accrue 
to his other children, if he have any,] but in fayle thereof, I dispose of it in 
manner following — His Debts to be payed — My Legacyes made good out of 
it — 4001b. of it to daughter Hannah, [In case of her death, to go to one of Ben- 
jamins children, J or, if he have more than one, to have it equally devided amongst 
them. 

If my Son leaue a Son, or more, behind him, his Eldest Son to haue one halfe 
of the remaineing part of his fathers portion & the rest to be equally devided 
amongst his other children ; Hannah also haueing a proportionable part in this 
also. If he haue not aboue two Children more Lieuing, then, besides herselfe, 
though it be by another wife then her mother ; if he should haue but one Son & 
noe other daughters but Hannah, then that Son to haue one halfe of his fathers 
portion. If he haue one or more daughters besides Hannah, then one halfe I haue 
giuen to my Son to be devided between them, & to be Sequestered vpon good 
Securitie, that they may Enjoye it when they come to Age, the profitt to be im- 
ployed for their foode & Rayment & carefull Education. If my Son haue no 
other Child but her & he dye before he knows what I haue giuen him, Then my 
will is, that Hannah haue Two Hundred poundes more out of her fathers part, 
that is, sixe hundred pound in all, besides the Three hundreth pound that I haue 
giuen to her of my owne ; & to my wife One hundred pounds if then aliue. To 
my Overseers 10lb. a piece, Also, out of my Sons part in the cases before 
mentioned, vnto my Sister Grace Jupe, her three children, of whome I haue yet 
the care of, viz 1 Anthony Jupe, my Couzine, Mary Jupe, mrs Mary Mosse, & 
Benjamine Jupe, that now Hues in my house, one hundreth pound to be equally 
devided between them. If either dye before they Come to Enjoy it, then the other 
two to haue fifty pounds a peece ; if but one remaine, that one to haue the whole 



1852. J Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms. 155 

hundreth pounds — also in such case, to my Brother & Sister Wilson with their 
two Children in this country ; my Cousine, m r John Willson, Preachuer at Med- 
faild, & my Cousin, m r s Mary Davenport at Roxbury, One hundred & twenty 
pounds; to each forty pounds a piece. In case either my Couzine John, or my 
Couzine Davenport dye before they come to Enjoy e it, these parts to be giuen to 
there Children. 

The rest of my Sons & childrens portion, in such case, I leaue to my Over- 
seers, with the consent of my wife, while she remains aliue, to dispose of to 
any Publicke or charitable vse ; to the Towne of Boston, Collidge of Cambridge, 
or else where that they in theire wisdome & consciences shall judge to be most 
vsefull. 

And my desire is to my Overseers, in case my Son dye before Hannah be of 
age, that they be assistant to my wife in their best Counsell & advice, to dispose 
of her for her future education, vpon some Such wise & Godly m r s or family, 
where she may haue her carnall disposition most of all subdued, & reformed, by 
strict discipline ; & also that they would show like care & assistance in Season- 
able time, to provide Some fitt & godly match, proportionable to her Estate & 
Condition, that she may Hue comfortably, & be fitt to doe good in her place, & 
not to suffer her to be circumvented, or to Cast away her selfe vpon some 
Swagering gentleman, or others, that will Looke more after the enjoying what 
she hath, then lieuing in the feare of God & true Loue to her. 

Item. I giue to the three children of my owne Sister mrs Grace Jupe, now 
deceased, namely, Mary Jupe, now Mary Mosse, wife to JoJjji Mosse of Boston, 
Thirtie pound ; vnto Couzine Benjamine Jupe, (because lie is Lame and dime 
Sighted & not like to doe much, if any thing at all, towards his own mainte- 
nance,)! giue fortie pounds, if he be liueing, two years after my death. [These 
1001b. to be given, in addition, to the same sum before mentioned. He hath] 
fower pounds a yeare left him by his mother, in a house at London ; also by some 
Tenements in London left him by his vncle m r Nicholas Jupe, which will produce 
8 or ten pounds P Anno to him for 18 or 20 years, besides what I haue left him in 
this will. 

I giue to my Loueing brother, m r John Willson, our Pasto 1 " at Boston, Ten 
pounds. 

Vnto my Loueing Sister, his wife, my wiues owne Sister, Ten pounds. 

To my Couzine, m r John Willson my Broth's Son, now Preacher at Medfield, 
Thirty pounds. 

Twenty pounds to Couzine Mary Willson, his sister, now m r s Davenport, at 
Roxbury. 

Vnto m r s Cotton, wife of our Reverend Teacher, m r John Cotton, deceased, 
Three pounds. 

Vnto o r Elder Olliver, if he be aliue one year after my decease, forty shillings. 
In case he be dead, I bequeath said legacy to his Grand child, son of m r John 
Olliver, deceased. 

To our Elder Colborne. and o r Elder Pen, Thirty shillings a peece. 

Vnto Major Gemall Gibbons, Three pounds, to buy him a Ring, or a peece of 
Plate. 

Vnto my ancient friend, Reverend m r Norton, Three pounds, in case his aboad 
be with vs here in Boston, two yeares after my decease. 

Vnto our Brother Renolds, Shoomaker, Senio r , Twenty Shillings; not forget- 
ting a word he spake, publiquely & seasonably, in the time of my distresse, & 
other mens vehement opposition against me. 

Vnto Sarah Baker, daughter of John Baker, that was sometime my Bayle, & 
the Child borne in my House, forty shillings, in a Heifer Calfe worth so much, 
two yeares after my decease, if the child be then liueing. 

To Edward Hall, of Lyn, Carpenter, as an acknowledgm 1 of his Loueing ser- 
uice to me, (though of Later yeares he hath Carryed it lesse deseruing, & fuller 
of more Just provocation,) Three pounds. 

To William ffeavo r , Sometime my Servant, forty shillings. To Alice, his wife, 
who was also my Servant, Twenty shillings. If they owe me any thing, then 
deduct it, as I doe to Edward Hall. 

To Robert Rand, of Lyn, Sometime my Servant, forty shillings. 

Vnto James Pemerton, & his wife, sometimes my Servant, now partner with me 
at my ffarme, forty shillings. 



156 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms. [April, 

To my Three Negars, namely Angola Negar, <Sf Richard my Negar, ffbrty 
shillings, [apiece.] To his wife, Grace, Twenty shillings, to be paid to them in 
some young Heifers, to rayse a stocke for them. 

I giue Richard Negars Legacy, to his daughter Zipora, if she be aliue at my 
death. 

To m r Whiting, one of the Teaching Eld r s at Lyne, fforty shillings. 

To m r Cobit, the other Teaching Elder at Lyn, forty shillings. 

To the two Children of my wiues Brother, m r John Mansfeild, * Ten pounds, 
to be equally devided between them ; to be payd in two Cowes, to be kept for 
[their] vse. If any be inquisitiue, why I doe no more for him or his, being a 
Brother, My Answer is, I haue done very much for him, in England, in releasing 
him out of Prisons, furnishing him with a Stocke to set vp his Trade &c. when 
he had spent all his owne in takeing vp many quarrellsome businesses, which he in 
his distempered fitts had plunged himselfe into ; yet 1 compounded them, sent him 
over into New England, when his life was in some Hazard, paid his passage & 
some of his debts for him in Eng. & lent him money to furnish himselfe with 
Clothes & other necessaryes for his voyage, till for his distempered Car- 
riages, I was fayne to putt him out of my house. He was never quiet from dis- 
turbing my whole family, pursueing me with complaints to our Eld rs , that 
he would haue cutt my throate with his false accusations, if it had lyen in his 
power. All my kindnes hath been putt into a broken bag ; an vnthankfull p son, y l 
hath euer rewarded my good w th euil, though I desire to forgive him. Some may 
thinke these things had beene better buryed, yet seeing God hath not helped him 
to acknowledge his Sine, nor truely to repent of it, I thinke it is of vse. They 
that doe expect Loue from their friends, had not need abuse them, but rather show 
Love & respect to them. I haue the rather made mention of these things, to vin- 
dicate myself from the censures of others, who Else might haue thought the hard- 
lier of me for seeming to neglect him. 

* John Mansfield, of Charlestown, Anne, wife of Capt. Robert Keayne and 
Elizabeth, wife of Rev John Wilson, of Boston, appear to have been the children of 
Sir John Mansfield, Master of the Minories, and Queen's Surveyor. See Mather's 
Magnalia, Bk. 3, p. 42, in connection with the following. 

A petition of John Mansfield, on the Middlesex Court Files, dated 25 June 
1661, states, that his mother died some 27 years previous, in London, at the house 
of her daughter, then (1661) MansfieWs sister Cole. His father was a rich man, 
a Justice of the Peace, and a Knight. His " cossen " Mansfield Hassell received 
estate in England for him. £2000 was due for a Parsonage that his mother had. 
She had it for 3 lives ; her own, that of his sister Wilson, now dead, and that of 
his sister Keane, now married to Mr. Cole. He also mentions his " cossen 
Hannah Lane " and " cossen Royson's {Rawson's) daughter. — [ Wyman's Middle- 
sex Abstracts i. 129. 

Boston, this day of ffebruary 1674. 

Whereas, y e Generall Court of this Mattachusets Colony gaue unto y e late 
m rs Anne Cole,y e Relict & Executrix of y e late Cap 1 Robert Keayne, flue hundred 
acres of land, as they did also fiue hundred acres f to m rs Anna lane, y e Grandchild 
of y e sd late Robert <Sf Anne Keayne, as in consideration in y er Records is exprest, 
John Wilson, Pastor of y e church of Medfeld, Nephew to y e s d Anna Cole, for- 
merly Keayne, doth depose & say y l in a short time after y e s d flue hundred acres 
was layed out unto his aboue mentioned Annt, & confirmed to hir by the s d Court, 
as in their records may appeare, his s d Annt m rs Anne Cole, formerly Keayne, not 
once only but seuerall times, Spake to him, & desired him to take notice, & re- 
member y l she had giuen & did giue her aboue mentioned farme to her Nephew, 
John Mansfeild, y e son of y e late m r John Mansfeild, her onely Brother y l dyed 
lately at charlstone, & y< he should haue at his owne dispose for euer, & y l he per- 
ceiued his s d Annt's mind, [on] such was intent & solicitous about it, & further 
saith not. — M r John Wilson, & Edward Wccden made oath to the testimony aboue 
written flfeb. 11, 1674-5. Before us, Fdicard Tyng, 

Suffolk Deeds.'] William Stoughton. 

f Grunted, 1659-60, in consequence of his [Keayncs] liberal donations to the country." 



1842.] Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms. 157 

[He then Speaks of his own " haynous offences," for which the Court fined 
him 80 lb. J For selling- a good bridle for 2 s , now worse are sold without offence 
for 3 s & 6 (i ; nayles for 7 d & 8 d ; nayles for 10 d p lb. frequently for a great deal 
more, & so in other things; selling gold buttons for two shillings nine pence a 
dozen, that cost aboue 2 s in London, & yet neuer payd for by them that com- 
playned. These were the great matters in w ch I had offended.* [In another con- 
nection he says] If the Lyon will say the Lamb is a foxe it must be so ; the 
Lamb must be content to bear it. [About 30 pages is here taken up in his own 
vindication.] 

One halfe of wiues thirds after her death, to Son Benjamin. One of the other 
two parts, to his Daughter Hannah. [The residue] to Harvard Collidge. If 
Benjamin dyn before his mother, then his Children to have it, [if he have other 
beside Hannah, otherwise,] to be for the benefitt of the library. [If that fail,] to 
go to Harvard Collidge. 

It is my will, that m rs Sarah Dudly, now Sarah Pacye, may haue no part of my 
property, that I have bestowed upon her daughter. In such a case Hannahs 
legacy to cease, & go to the Collidge. [All forgotten kindred, who lay claims 
within 2 years,] to have ten Shillings apeece. All the overplus, to son Ben- 
jamin, my Executor. [He then leaves directions as to his Accompt books. In 
these, particular mention is made of his Cattle, &c. what are lost by the wolues ; 
how many remain ; ages, value ; pticulars of the flarm, value, &c. 

At my ffarme, also, many printed bookes, both great and smalle, Devinitie, 
Hystory, Millitary bookes, &c. and Some written Sermon bookes, both in Closet 
& Chamber ; also some Plate, as a Silver Porringer, a Sacke Bowie, Siluer hot 
water cup, &c. bedding, Linnen, household Stuffe, dary vessells, Carts &c. At 
Boston, my Receipt Book, Pocket Booke of dayly Expences, as what is payd to 
Bak r s, Butchers shops, Carting of wood, Rates & divers such charges ; for I am 
as carefull to charge my selfe with what I owe, as what is oweing to me. There 
is, [are] 2 other bookes, bound up in vellum, w ch I call Number bookes, of vse, 
when I kept Shop in London, & here, but not now ; also a paper booke, quarto, 
sent me from London, by my Son, m r Gray, and my brother Jupe, who was Sub 
executor to my Sisters will, in my Steed ; which bookes containes only the acco t1s 
belonging to the 3 children, Anthony, Mary, <5f Benjamine Jupe. 

It may possibly fall out, that my Son, who is my Executor, may be out of this 
country, (as now he is,) at the time of my death. If it should so proue, my 
desire is, that my Laueing Brother, m r John Wilson, Pastor, of Boston, would be 
pleased to stand in my Sons roome, or, to desire my Cozine, m r Edward Raivsoji, 
Secretary, or leiuet Johnson, our Deacon, or some other, to be Assistant to my 
wife, till my Son come to take charge of it; w ch seruice I did willingly p form 
for my Brother Willson, When his Brother, Doctor Willson, dyed ; himselfe be- 
ing in this country. If my Son dye;, before he comes, then my wife to be 

Executrix, during the time of her widdowhood, & no Longer, with the assistance 
of Brother Willson. 

If my Estate Suffer many fold Losses, then my will is, that all my Legacyes 
bear a proportionable share, or, by omitting wholly of gifts to publique uses, w ch 
shall be judged of Least concernment, & best spared. My Son, to haue his first 
choyce — wife next provided for — Hannah Keayne next — Mary Mosse, Anthony, df 
Benjamin Jupe next — then, Brother Willson & wife — next, or indeed next after 
Hannah Keayne, Overseers to be taken care of. I value my Estale at 40001b. 

or thereabouts. [If any in Authority seeke to raise vp to trouble diuers public 
gifts, such gifts to become voyd.J Then out of those gifts 1001b. to my wife, — 
1001b. to Anthony and Benjamine Jupe, <$■ Mary Mosse, 1001b to Hannah Keayne 
— 1001b to wife of Brother John Keayne, who did line in Chesson, not far from 
London. To his children, & my poore Kindred ; & 100 lb. to my Overseers. Re- 
mainder to Son Benjamine — 2lb. to m r Bellingham — 31b. to m r Edward Winslow, 
in England — Legacyes giuen to Benjamine Jupe, <$f Mary Mosse, for some just 

* He was " cleared," as he says, in one instance, from the charge of extortion, 
relative to the price of " nayles," ;< by good Testimony from an honest man 
in his own Towne, Goodman Medcalfe." Possibly Michael Metcalfe Sen r of 
Dedham. 



158 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms. [April, 

occasions of offence giuen to me, to become voyed — Overseers of this my will, m r 
Symon Bradstreet, Major Denison, his brother, m r William Hibbins ; also m r 
Edward Winslow, of Plymouth, if he returne to abide in N. England ; also, 
Brother John Wilson, m r Norton, Minister, Cozen Edward Rawson, & Leiut 
Johnson. 

And my desire is, that my Overseers have three or fovver Coppies of this my 
will, writt out at my Chaige, or, of the most matteriall parts of it. (If they 
thinke the whole too Long, or needles,) to keepe alwayes by them to view, when 
they meet together about it. If a few could be printed at no great charge, I would 
think that the better way ; & then eu r y one concerned, may haue a Coppie of the 
whole by him. 

To Ouerseers, flue pounds a peece, to buy eu r y one of them a piece of 
Plate. 

I haue set my name to euery page, in these nine sheets, So in the last page of 
the Last Sheet, haue putt to my hand & Seale, the fourteenth day of November, 
1653, when I finished. Sealed, declared, &c. it be my Last will & Testam 1 , in 
the presence of vs, who Testifye, that this will, containes Nine Sheets of paper, 
written full on all Sides. 

John Willson, Rich d Parker, Edw. Tinge. 

Robert Keayne, & a seale. 

[Codicil.] I giue to James Bitts, the Scotch man, if he be in my Seruice when 
I dye, Twenty Shillings. 

To Nan Ostler, my maide Seruant, Twenty Shillings, if in my Seruice when 
I dye. 

It is very likely, those w ch Come to heare, or reade over this my Will, may 
meete with Some Tawtollegies, w ch they may thinke to be vaine repetitions ; & 
some censure it to be of an vnsettled minde, as if I was not Compus Mentis ; I 
would pray them not so to thinke, but impute it to the weaknes of my memory, 
not being made at one time, being begun Mo 6:1: 1653, finished Nov r 15, & this 
addition," Dec r 15. 1653. 

I giue to m r Buckley, Senio 1 ", Minister of Concord, Three pounds ; & to m r 
Tomson, Minister of Brantrey, forty shillings. 

I haue forgott one Loueing Couple more, that came not to my minde till I 
was now Shutting vp, that is, Cap 1 Bridges & wife, to whom I giue forty 
shillings. 

Written this Dec r 28. 1653. 

Robert Keayne & a seale. 
John Wilson, Edw : Ting, Richard Parker, 
Rob* Hull, Edw. ffletcher. 

Will Proved, May 2, 1656. Deposed, m r John Willson senr., m r Richard 
Parker & m r Edward Tyng as Attests. 

Edward Rawson, Recorder. 
P'sent, y e Gov rnr , dep 1 Goun r , major Atherton. 

Inventory of Cap 1 Robert Keayne 's Estate, taken April 23, 1656 £"2427. 12. 01 
— Debts oweing to the deceased £416. 07. 02. Debts due from Estate .£274. 

Wm Colbron. 
Anthony Stoddard. 
Anna Keayne deposed 19. 9. 1657 

Present y e Gov r ,Dep l Gov r , Major Atherton. 

Edward Rawson, Recorder. 

County Court for Suffolk held at Boston, 29th Jan 1683. 
TheExecuto rs of the will of Capt Robert Keayne, being both dead, Power of 
Adm con granted unto m r Nicholas Paige, and Anna, his wife, Grand daught 1- of 
Robert Keayne. They to give bond, one thousand pounds. 

Attest Js a Addington, Clerk. 



L852. | Ipswiek Grammar School. L59 

IPSWICH GRAMMAR SCHOOL. 

[Continued from page 71 of this volume.] 

About this time, 1720, there arose a difficulty between the town 
and the Feoffees. It was contended by the town that " as respec- 
ted the school farm, and other lands granted by the town, no 
power was given by the town to their trustees to appoint success- 
ors in that trust for receiving and applying the rents, or of ordain- 
ing and directing the affairs of the school." The tenants, also, of 
the school farm, availing themselves of this quibble, refused to pay 
the rents, as they have done since in our time. 

The town, by their selectmen, assumed the control of the school 
and its property. The Feoffees, after entering a protest on their 
records, seem to have retired from the contest. 

u At a meeting of the selectmen, June 20, 1720, Mr. Henry 
Wise accepted the offer the selectmen made him for keeping the 
school for the year ensuing, accordingly the selectmen delivered 
the key of the school-house, and he began to instruct the grammar 
school accordingly." 

Mr. Wise kept the school eight years, and was succeeded by 
Thomas Norton, junior, before mentioned. 

Mr. Daniel Stamford, who was graduated at Harvard College in 
1733, kept the school five years, 1740-45. He afterwards became 
a successful merchant, and was representative of the town three 
years, 1755-57. He was succeeded by Mr. Benjamin Crocker, 
who kept the school in the years 1746 and 1747; after which the 
town appear to have given up the grammar school altogether. 

The town brought an action at law against the tenants of the 
school farm, in 1721, which lingered until 1729, when we find — 
" the town received £100 of Gilford Cogswell, on ace 1 of charges 
at Law ab* the School Farm." This sum the town ordered to be 
distributed to the several parishes " to be used toward the support 
of reading and writing schools." There was paid, under this or- 
der to Henry Spillar, who kept a school in the first parish, forty- 
one pounds: to the " Chebacco Committee" twenty pounds; to 
' : Hamlet Committee" twenty pounds ; to Mark Howe, probably 
for Linebrook, four pounds eight shillings and ninepence; to 
Moses Davis " for his neighborhood," six pounds, eleven shillings 
and ten pence; to Deacon Fellows '-for his neighborhood," two 
pounds four shillings. This appears to have been the germ of our 
districts schools. 

" The selectmen, May 22, 1732, appoint Henry Spillar to keep 
a school for teaching in reading, writing and cyphering; the town 
having allowed him the use of the room at the southeasterly end 
of the almhouse for that service." 

The trustees of the first parish, under the same date, " agree 
with Mr. Henry Spillar, schoolmaster" — ' : to keep said school one 
quarter of a year," ; ' for which he is to receive the sum of eight 
pounds, part of a greater sum already in the Treasurer's hands 
granted by the town." 



160 Ipswich Grammar School. [April. 

The assistance afforded by the hundred pounds was extended 
over three years, 1730-32, after which there does not appear to 
have been any further aid granted until 1740. 

"At a meeting of the selectmen, April 8, 1734, Henry Spillar is 
allowed and approbated to set up a school in the town of Ipswich 
for teaching and instructing children or youth in reading or wri- 
ting, he being a person of sober and good conversation. The 
selectmen do not promise him any encouragement for his services 
herein, other than what the parents or masters of the children he 
shall instruct are willing to give him themselves." 

In 1740 the town began the practice of granting the grammar 
school funds in aid of the district schools, which it continued to do 
as long as the property was under its control. Since the resump- 
tion of the direction of the school and its funds by the Feoffees, the 
town has continued to appropriate money, raised in the usual way, 
for the support of free public schools. 

In 1749, Mr. Jonathan Wade was the only survivor of the 
Feoffees. He was son of Col. Thomas Wade, and grandfather of 
the late Col. Nathaniel Wade, the father of our present worthy 
clerk and treasurer. Thus we see four generations, out of five, of 
this estimable family giving their services to this institution. Of 
the associates of Mr. Wade, Major Whipple and Daniel Rogers, 
Esquire, died in 1722; the Rev. Mr. Fitch removed from Ipswich 
in 1724 ; Col. Samuel Appleton and John Denison, Esquire, died 
the same year ; Col. John Appleton died in 1739 ; Major Epes died 
in 1741, and the Rev. Mr. Rogers in 1745. Mr. Wade, February 
10, 1749, appointed the Hon. Thomas Berry, Col. Daniel Apple- 
ton, Major Samuel Rogers, Mr. Benjamin Crocker and others, 
whose names are obliterated from the record to fill the vacancies. 

In 1756, after the decease of Mr. Wade, who died February 9, 
1749-50, an act was obtained from "the Great and General 
Court," " for regulating the grammar school in Ipswich and for 
incorporating certain persons to manage and direct the same." 
The preamble of the act runs thus : 

" Whereas divers piously disposed persons in the first settlement 
of the town of Ipswich, within the County of Essex, granted and 
conveyed to Feoffees in trust, and to such their successors in the 
same trust as those Feoffees should appoint, to hold perpetual suc- 
cession, certain Lands, Tenements and Annuities by them men- 
tioned, for the use of school learning in said town forever ; of 
which Feoffees the Hon. Thomas Berry, Esq., Daniel Appleton 
and Samuel Rogers, Esqs., and Mr. Benjamin Crocker are the 
only survivors ; and whereas, the town of Ipswich did also in their 
1 audible concern for promoting learning about the same time and 
for the same use give and grant to certain persons in said grant 
mentioned, and to such others as said town should appoint, a 
large Farm, then called a Neck of Land, situate in Chebacco in the 
same town, with some other lands adjoining, all which Farm and 
Lands were soon after leased out for the space of One Thousand 
Years ; the Rents to be applied to the Uses of Learning in said 
Town as aforesaid : But (as is apprehended by some) no Power 
was given by the said Town to their Trustees to appoint succes- 



1852.] Ipswich Grammar School. 161 

sors in that Trust for receiving and applying the Rents, or Order- 
ing and Directing the Affairs of the School in said Town, as in the 
first mentioned case is provided ; from which Difference in the 
original construction of those Grants, which were all designed for 
one and the same Use, considerable Disputes have already arisen 
between the said Town and the Feoffees ; and not only so but some 
Doubts are started whether it is in the Power of said Town or 
Feoffees to compel the Payment of the Rents of the Farm and 
adjoining Land before mentioned :" 

" And inasmuch as the Town of Ipswich by their Vote of the 
twenty-second day of January One thousand seven hundred and fifty- 
six, by and with the consent of the Feoffees have agreed to apply 
to this court for Aid in the Manner in the said Vote mentioned :" 

The act incorporates the aforementioned "present surviving 
Feoffees, on the part of the private persons granting lands as afore- 
said together with Francis Choate Esquire, Capt. Nathaniel Tread- 
well and Mr. John Patch jun r , three of the present selectmen of 
said Town," " a joint Committee or Feoffees in trust with full 
power" to grant leases of the land ; to receive rents and annuities ; 
to appoint grammar schoolmasters and agree for their salaries ; to 
appoint a clerk and treasurer, "and if found necessary to impose 
some moderate sum of money to be paid by such scholars as may 
attend said school, for making up and supplying any deficiency 
that may happen in the yearly income and annuities of said lands 
for defraying the necessary charges that may arise by said 
school," &c. 

The act also provides " that if either the said Thomas Berry, 
Daniel Appleton, Samuel Rogers or Benjamin Crocker shall de- 
cease or remove out of said town of Ipswich, or otherwise become 
uncapable or unfit. to discharge said trust, it shall and may be 
lawful for the surviving and qualified remainder of those four gen- 
tlemen to appoint some other suitable person or persons in his or 
their room so deceasing, removing or otherwise unqualified accord- 
ing to the original intention of their first appointment so as to 
keep up the same number of four Feoffees thus constituted and no 
more ; and no person to be appointed a Feoffee but an inhabitant 
of Ipswich, and the aforementioned selectmen shall from year to 
year be succeeded by the three oldest in that office of the select- 
men of said town for the time being, other than such of them as 
may be also one of the aforesaid four Foeffees." 

This act was limited to ten years from the first of March, one 
thousand seven hundred and fifty-six. Before this term expired 
another act was passed reciting the preamble and enactments of 
the first with some slight variations in phraseology, and substitu- 
ting the names of Col. John Choate, Aaron Potter and Francis 
Choate, Esquires, in the place of those of Col. Berry and Daniel 
Appleton, Esq., deceased, and of Mr. Benjamin Crocker, removed 
from Ipswich; and, also the names of Michael Farley, Samuel 
Burnham and Samuel Lord 3d., the then selectmen in place of 
those in the former act. This act, which was limited to twenty 
years from March 176G was made perpetual by an act of the Gen- 
eral Court of this Commonwealth, passed in 1787. 
21 



162 Ipswich Grammar School. [April, 

The first meeting of the Feoffees under their charter was April 
23, 1756; present the Hon. Thomas Berry, Daniel Appleton and 
Samuel Rogers, Esquires; Capt. Nathaniel Tread well and Mr. 
Daniel Staniford. The two last named were selectmen of the 
town. 

At a meeting on the 27th of October of the same year, : ' present 
Benjamin Crocker, Daniel Appleton and Samuel Rogers," they 
appointed Col. John Choate in room of the Hon. Thomas Berry, 
who died Aug. 12, 1756. 

In 1764 Francis Choate and Aaron Potter, Esquires, were ap- 
pointed to succeed Col. Daniel Appleton, deceased, and Mr. Ben- 
jamin Crocker removed from Ipswich. 

Dummer Jewett, Esq. was appointed June 23, 1767, in room of 
Col. John Choate, deceased. 

April 13, 1773, Samuel Porter Esq., " Barrister at Law," was 
appointed in room of Samuel Rogers, Esq., deceased. Mr. Porter 
resigned within the year, and John Baker Esq., was appointed 
March 17, 1774, to supply his place. 

Daniel Noyes, Esq. was appointed September 30, 1776, in room 
of Aaron Potter, Esq., deceased, and Lieut. John Choate in room 
of Francis Choate, Esq., resigned. 

The Honbl. Michael Farley was appointed, July 11, 1785, in 
room of John Baker, Esq. deceased, and Deacon John Crocker in 
room of Dummer Jewett, Esq. resigned. 

January 25, 1790, the Honbl. Stephen Choate was appointed in 
room of Genl. Farley, deceased. 

Capt. Daniel Rogers was appointed, in room of John Choate, 
Esq., deceased, December 2, 1791. 

Mr. Nathaniel Heard was appointed, April 10, 1804, in room of 
Deacon Crocker, resigned. Mr. Heard soon resigned, when Jona- 
than Coggswell, Esq. was appointed to supply his place. 

The Honbl. John Heard, was appointed April 3, 1815, in room 
of Daniel Noyes, Esq., deceased; Asa Andrews, Esq., appointed 
June 12, in room of the Honbl. Stephen Choate, resigned ; Mr. 
Joseph Lord appointed August 10, in room of Jonathan Cogswell, 
Esq., resigned. 

John Choate, Esq. was appointed, February 1, 1817, in room of 
Capt. Daniel Rogers, deceased ; Col. Nathaniel Wade, appointed 
April 17, in room of Mr. Joseph Lord, resigned. The more recent 
appointments were : the Rev. David T. Kimball, November 12, 
1825, in room of Col. Wade, resigned ; Mr. Ammi R. Smith, 
March 24, 1829, in room of George W. Heard, Esq., resigned ; 
Mr. Ebenezer Lord, March 5, 1831, in room of Mr. Smith, resigned ; 
George W. Heard, Esq., April 16, 1833, in room of Asa Andrews, 
Esq., resigned ; Mr. Samuel N. Baker, in room of John Choate, 
Esq., resigned ; William F. Wade, Esq., in room of George W. 
Heard, Esq., resigned, appointed April 14, 1836 ; Mr. Joseph 
Lord, jtin., October 19, 1838, in room of Mr. Ebenr. Lord, resign- 
ed ; Abraham Hammett January 6, 1841, in room of Mr. Samuel 
Baker, resigned; George W. Heard, Esq., in room of Mr. Joseph 
Lord resigned. 

On the revival of the school under the act of incorporation, the 



1852.] Ipswich Grammar School. 163 

first teacher appointed by the Feoffees, was Samuel Wigglesworth, 
son of the Rev. Samuel Wigglesworth, minister of the Hamlet 
parish. He was graduated at Harvard College in 1752, and kept 
the school two years, 1757-58. He was a practising physician in 
1765, and, probably, resided at the Hamlet. 

Benjamin Crocker, before mentioned, kept the school in 1759 
and 1760. 

Joseph How, who was graduated at Harvard College in 1758, 
kept the school one year, 1761. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of the Hon. Thomas Berry, and died March 26, 1762, at the early 
age of twenty-five years. His wife died May 6, 1759, at the yet 
earlier age of twenty-two. 

Daniel Noyes, the well remembered postmaster and register of 
probate, kept the school twelve years, 1762-73, and afterwards one 
year, 1780. He was born in Newbury about 173S; was gradu- 
ated at Harvard College in 1758 ; died March 21, 1815. He 
bequeathed to this institution " three and one third old rights" and 
"six new rights in the Jeffries Neck lands." 

Thomas Burnham was graduated at Harvard College in 1772. 
He was appointed teacher of this school in 1774, in which office 
he continued five years, when he entered the army, in which he 
attained the rank of major. After the peace he resumed the office 
of teacher and kept the school six years, 1786-91 ; again one year, 
1793, and afterwards eleven years, 1807-17 ; in all twenty-three 
years. 

Nathaniel Dodge, a graduate of Harvard College, 1777, kept 
the school in 1779 and 1784. 

Jacob Kimball, a graduate of Harvard College, 1780, kept the 
school one year, 1781. 

The Rev. John Tread well, who was graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege in 1758, and ordained minister of Lynn in 1763, kept the 
school two years, 1783-85. 

Daniel Dana, a graduate of Dartmouth College, 1788, kept the 
school in 1792; Joseph Dana, a graduate of the same college, the 
same year, kept the school in 1793; Samuel Dana, a graduate of 
Harvard College, 1796, kept the school three years, 1797-99. 
These were sons of the Rev. Doctor Joseph Dana, minister of the 
south parish. 

Joseph McKean was graduated at Harvard College in 1794. He 
kept the school three years, 1794-96. He became a distinguished 
minister and professor in Harvard University. 

Amos Choate was graduated at Harvard College in 1795. He 
kept the school seven years, 1800-6. He was afterwards register 
of deeds for the County of Essex many years. 

Ceorge Choate, a graduate of Harvard College, 1818, kept the 
school four years,' 1818-21. 

Richard Kimball, kept the school nine weeks, in 1822, "for the 
income of the School Lands." Charles Choate, son of Mr. John 
Choate, kept the school on the same terms in 1823 and 1824. 
Stephen Coburn was the teacher in 1825 ; Richard Kimball in 
1826 ; Mr. Ward in 1827; Nathan Brown, in 1828; Daniel Perley, 
in 1829; David T. Kimball, jun r ., in 1830; Joseph Hale, three 



164 Ipsivich Grammar School. [April, 

years, 1831-33 ; Tolman Willey in 1834 : Dan Weed, ten years, 
1835-40, 1842-45 ; Eben. Stearns in 1841 ; George W. Tux- 
bury in 1846: Erza Gale, in 1847; Caleb Lamson, two years, 
1848-49. The " grammar scholars" received private instruction 
from the Rev. John P. Cowles, in 1850. 

In order to form an estimate of the amount of compensation paid 
to teachers and other public servants, it is necessary to take into 
consideration, the actual value of the currency and the ordinary 
expenses of living at the time in question. 

The money of account in this part of the country, from the first 
settlement, to about the close of the seventeenth century, 1 was the 
pound sterling, of England. But, from the poverty of the people, 
and the consequent great scarcity of coin, most of the trading was 
carried on in barter, and conventional prices of the ordinary articles 
of consumption were adopted, called the "current prices." Con- 
tracts were usually made, referring to certain articles as standards 
of price. Thus, in 1655, it was voted by the Town, "that the 
pay of the Minister shall be three parts in Wheat and Barley, and 
the fourth in Indian." In private account books, yet preserved, 
from 1678 to 1683, wheat is uniformly charged at five shillings the 
bushel; indian corn, at from two shillings and eight pence, to three 
shillings and sixpence. In the contract for building the meeting- 
house, in 1698, it is agreed to pay "nine hundred pounds, vid'. five 
hundred pounds in money, and four hundred pounds in pay as 
money." At the same time it was voted — " Barley malt pass at 
3 s . per bushel for the payment of Town debts this pressent year as 
money, and Indian corn at 3 s . D°. wheat at 5 s . D°. Rye at 3 s . D°. 
Oats at 18 rt . D° and pease 4 s . D°." The Hon bl . Samuel Symonds, 
in his will, made in 1673, among other bequests gives to his wife 
" twelve pound per annum, to be paid to her out of my farm, called 
Argilla, during her natural life to be paid, one half in wheat and 
malt at the price current among the merchants of Ipswich, the 
other half in pork and Indian corn." At the conclusion of his 
will, he adds, "My mind and meaning is, that the legacies here 
given to my children, shall be paid not in money, according to 
money, but in such pay as they usually pass from man to man, 
which is called the current price." 

The earliest intimation I find of the actual difference in value 
of money and "pay," is in a certificate of Philemon Dane and 
Jacob Foster, who certify that they appraised the estate of Daniel 
Hovey, " not as money, but as country pay, and that two shil- 
lings in money was with us accounted as good as three shillings 
in pay, and so passed frequently between men and men." This is 
dated November 11, 1700. 

About this time, the General Court issued "bills of credit," 
which they loaned to the towns for the purpose of supplying the 
people with a currency, which being based on no foundation, soon 
declined in value. 

On the settlement of the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, December 23, 

1 The Pine Tree money, issued by Massachusetts in 1652, was 25 per cent, less in 
value than the sterling money of England, and gave rise to New England currency. 



1852.] Ipswich Grammar School. 165 

1726, it was c: voted that one hundred and thirty pounds in Bills 
of Credit be paid to him annually, for the space of three years; 
and afterwards the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds in Bills 
of Credit, or in lieu thereof, the like sum in silver money, account- 
ing it at fifteen shillings per ounce; and so to rise or fall in propor- 
tion to the value of silver; or pay two thirds of said sum in Barley 
Malt at six shillings per bushell; Indian Corn at five shillings; 
Pork at six pence per pound; Butter at twelve pence." 

In 1734, the appraisers of the estate of John Baker, Esq., report 
the prices to be "in proportion to the value of our present paper 
currency; accounting twenty-four shillings thereof, to be equal, 
and but equal, to one ounce of silver coin." 

"The committee on the affairs of the Rev. Nath. Rogers," 1738, 
report that "the sum of £279. 4 s . is an equivalent to the £150, at 
the time when it was contracted for." 

Thus, it appears that the pound currency, in the year 1700, was 
worth about two dollars and ninety-six cents of our present money. 
In 1727, it was worth one dollar and forty-eight cents; in 1734, it 
was worth about ninety-one cents, and in 1738, about seenty-eight 
cents. It continued to depreciate until it reached what was after- 
wards called "Old Tenor," which was one tenth of the pound 
sterling. 

By comparing the scale adopted by the Town, in 1698, with the 
average prices for the last twenty years, it will be found that an 
ounce of silver coin would at that time purchase twice and a half, 
or three times as much of the ordinary articles of domestic con- 
sumption, such as food and fuel, as it would now. Articles of 
clothing were in the days of our forefathers much dearer than they 
now are, yet, when we take into consideration the difference in the 
habits of society, we shall find that the expenses of dress were 
much less at that time than they are at present. A lady's dress in 
those days frequently adorned more than one generation. Mr. 
Symonds, after specifying in his will, several items of bequest to 
his eldest daughter, Mrs. Epes, adds, "and if she still desire to 
have the suit of damask which was the Lady Cheynies, her grand- 
mother, let her have it upon appraisement." Mrs. Epes was at 
the time when her father's will was made, in the fiftieth year of 
her age, and the Lady Chaynie's damask, must have survived 
more generations of beauty, than a lady's dress in our day wit- 
nesses changes of the moon. Mrs. Margaret Lake, a lady of 
wealth and high social rank, died in 1672. Her will contains the 
following bequest: — "I give unto my daughter Martha Harris my 
tapestry coverlet & all my other apparell which are not disposed of 
to others particularly. Also I give unto her my mantle & after her 
decease to all her children as they need it. Also the coverlet of 
tapestry after my daughter Martha's decease I give to my grand- 
son Thomas Harris and he dying without issue to his brother John 
& so to the rest of the children." Among the items in the inven- 
tory of Mrs. Lake's estate, are "one tapestry coverlet," appraised 
at four pounds; " a sarge sute and a crimson petticoat," two pounds 
ten shillings; " one scarlet mantle " four pounds. 

The revenues of the school during the first period of its history, 



166 Ipswich Grammar School. [April, 

were derived from the School Farm, as the land in Chehacco, 
granted by the Town, was called, which gave fourteen pounds per 
annum; " the little neck," which was leased to John Pengry, in 
16Si>, for sixty years, at a yearly rent of seven pounds, and the 
" school orchard," which comprised the three acres of land given 
by Mr. Robert Payne, and Mr. William Hubbard, which with some 
other small pieces of property, let for about the same rent as the 
Little Neck, in all about twenty-eight pounds, equivalent, as a 
means of supporting a family at this time, to about two hundred 
and fifty dollars. 

There is no record of the agreement with Mr. Cheever, as to his 
compensation ; and that with Mr. Andrews, is partly obliterated. 
It appears, however, from what remains, that there was a stipu- 
lated allowance "for every Grammar Scholar " — " But for such as 
are taught to write, cypher or read English, he shall agree with 
the parents or overseers of y e children what they shall allow yearly 
otherwise as he shall think meet." 

There is no record of the compensation paid to Mr. Russell, or 
to Mr. Rogers. Their engagements were probably similar to that 
made with Mr. Andrews. Mr. Gay was paid fifty pounds, in 1715, 
and Mr. Crocker sixty pounds, in 1717. In 1720, Mr. Wise was 
appointed by the selectmen, with a salary of fifty-five pounds "in 
bills of credit." He seems to have received about the same annual 
stipend, as long as he continued in the school. Mr. Norton's salary, 
in 1732, was seventy pounds. Whether it was the same or not, 
during his whole term of ten years, does not appear. Mr. Stam- 
ford received eighty pounds, per year, for four years, and seventy- 
five pounds, per year, for two years. Mr. Wigglesworth, for the 
years 1757 and 1758, received for annual salary, twenty-six 
pounds, thirteen shillings, and four pence, together with "his board 
at Mr. Samuel Sawyer's, who agreed to board him for seventeen 
pounds per annum." In 1759, Mr. Crocker engaged to keep the 
school " for all the rents and annuities," and in 1760, for thirty 
pounds, three shillings, and seven pence, which amounted to about 
the same sum. Mr. Noyes, in 17b2, had fifty-three pounds, six 
shillings, and eight pence, "and he board himself." His salary 
varied from that amount, to forty-six pounds, and probably, con- 
sisted of the whole income of the property of the institution. Mr. 
Burnham, received for the years 1774 and 1775, fifty pounds per 
year. In 1778, he agreed for one hundred pounds, "if there be a 
stipulated price agreed to by the State ; if not, one hundred and fifty 
pounds." In 1780, Mr. Noyes agreed in May, to keep the school 
three months, at two hundred and forty pounds per month; and in 
September, agreed to keep three months for one thousand pounds 
per month. This was when "Continental Money" was the 
currency. 

We here see a striking illustration of the frauds on property, 
committed by the State when tampering with the currency. The 
" school farm " was let, in the year 1650, on a perpetual lease, at an 
annual rent of "fourteen pounds." This was the pound sterling 
of England, which represented about four ounces of silver coin, 
and if honestly paid, the rent would now amount to sixty-two 



1852] First Settlers of Eastham, Mass. . 167 

dollars and twenty-two cents. But as the currency depreciated, 
the value of the fourteen pounds sunk with it, until in 1780, it 
was worth no more than one dollar and ten cents; and now, by a 
trick of the law, it is discharged with forty-six dollars and sixty- 
seven cents. 

The present income derived from the property of the institution, 
is about three hundred dollars per annum. Of this amount, about 
two hundred and twenty dollars, besides the land on which the 
school-house stands, are derived from the donations of the Messrs 
Paynes, and Mr. Hubbard; about thirty dollars from the donations 
of Mr. Cross, Mr. Noyes, and Mr. Judah Goodhue, and about fifty 
dollars from the Grants of the Town." 



THE FIRST SETTLERS OF EASTHAM, MASS. 

By David Hamblen, Member of the N. E. Historic-Genealogical Society. 

[Continued from page 46.] 

Henry Atkins, children, Mary, b. March 13, 1647, d. June 15, 1649. 

Mrs. Ann Atwood, d. June 1, probably, 1655. 

Edward Bangs, in. Rebeckah ; chn. Bethiah, b. May 28, 1650; Marcy 

and Apphia, (twins) b. Oct. 15, 1651 ; Jonathan, Joshua, John, Rebeckah. 

Francis Baker, m. ; chn. Samuel, b. May 1, 1648 ; Daniel, b. Sept. 2, 

1650. Both of the above b. at Yarmouth. 

William Brown, m. Mary Murdock, July 16,1649; chn. Mary Brown, b. 
May 14, 1650; George, b. Jany. 16, 1651, at Plymouth; William, b. April 1, 

1654, at Plymouth; Samuel, b. March — , 1655-6; John, James Mercy. Wm. 
Brown d. about 1694. 

Daniel Cole, m. Ruthy ; chn. Thomas Cole, b. ; Hester. 

Job Cole, m. ; chn. Rebeckah, b. Aug. 26, 1654. 

Josias or Josiah Cook, m. Elisabeth ; he d. about 1687 ; chn. Josiah b. ; 

Bethiah, m. Joseph Harding. 

Dea. John Doane, b. about 1590, d. Feb. 21, 1685-6; m. Abigail; chn. 
Abigail, b. ; John, Daniel, Ephraim. A daughter m. Samuel Hicks. 

Daniel Doane, m. Hepsibeth Cole; chn. Constant (son), b. March 7, 
1669-70. 

John Freeman, m. Mary Prence, dau. of Gov. Prence, Feb. 13, 1649; chn. 
John, b. Feb. 2, 1650, d. young; John, b. Dec. — , 1651 ; Thomas, b. Sep. — , 
1653; Edmond, b. June — , 1657 ; Marcy, b. July — , 1659 ; Prence, b. Feb. 3, 
1665 , Nathaniel, b. March 20, 1669. 

William Freeman m. Lydia , about 1686. 

Richard Higgins, m. Mary Yates ; chn. William, b. Dec. 15, 1654, probably 

1655. Benjamin Higgins d. March 11, 1690-1, aged 51. 

Giles Hopkins, son of Stephen, the Pilgrim, m. Catorne Whelden, Oct. — , 

1639; chn. Mary, b. , 1640; Stephen, b. Sep. —,1642; John, b. , 

1643, d. 1643; Abigail, b. Oct.—, 1644 ; Deborah, b. June — , 1648 ; Caleb, b. 
Jan. — , 1650; Ruth, b. June — , 1653; Joshua, b. June, 1657; William, b. 
Jan. 9, 1660; Elisabeth, b. Nov. — , 1664. d. 1664. Giles Hopkins d. about 
1690. 

Joshua Hopkins, son of Giles, m. Mary Cole, dau. of Daniel, May 20, 1681 ; 
chn. John, b. April 16, 1683-4, d. June 24, 1700; Abigail, b. March 9, 1685-6 ; 
Elisha, b. Dec. 17, 1688; Lidia, b. April 1, 1692; Mary, b. Jan. 20, 1694-5; 
Joshua, b. Feb 20, 1697-8; Hannah, b. March 25, 1700; Phebe, b. March 11, 
1702. 

Stephen Hopkins, son of Giles, m. Mary Merri^h, dau. of William, May 23, 
1667; chn. Elisabeth Hopkins, b. June — , 1668; Stephen, b. July 15, 1670; 
Ruth, b. Nov. — , 1674 ; Judah, b. Jan. — , 1677 ; Samuel, b. March — , 1682 ; 

Nathaniel, b. — , 1684 : Joseph, b. , 1688 ; Benjamin, b. Feb. — , 1690 ; 

Mary, b. April 15, 1692. 



168 . First Settlers of Eastham, Mass. [April, 

Stephen Hopkins, Jr., m. Sarah Howes, May 19, 1692 ; chn. Jonathan, b. 
Aug. 20, 1693. 

Daniel Hamilton, m. Mary , chn. Grace, b. Aug. 3, 1694, d. Aug 20. 

Thomas, b. Sept. 1, 1695. 

John Heard, m. -; chn. John, b. Jan. 17, 1688; Grace, b. Jan. 11, 

1692 ; Jacob, b. April 12, 1695. 

Samuel Hedge, m. Grace Snow, Dec. 8, 1698; chn. Thankful, b. Aug. 29, 
1699 ; Mary, b. Nov. 20, 1701, d. May 17, 1714 ; Lamuel, b. Jan. 10, 1703-4 ; 
Elisha, b. Feb. 4, 1705-6 ; Elizabeth, b. April 14, 1708; Lamuel, b March 4, 
1709-10 ; Jabez, b. April 13, 1712 ; Thankful, b. April 17, 1714 ; Samuel, 
Sen., d. May 19, 1714, 

Elisha Hamblen, of Harwich, m. Elizabeth Mayo, dau. of Samuel, Jan. 25, 
1721-2; chn. Elijah, b. March 22, 1722-3. 

Eliezer Hamblen, m. Sarah, ; chn. Barnabas, b. March 30, 1719; 

Sarah, b. March 10, 1720-21 , Eliezer, b. May 24, 1723. 

Benjamin Hamblen, m. Anne Mayo, dau. of Samuel, and great-granddaughter 

of Rev. John Mayo, Oct. 25, 1716; chn. Cornelius, b. , 1719, d. Nov. 8, 

1791, m. Jane Young, June 23, 1748 ; Benja. b. , m. Lydia Young, Mar. 24 ; 

1747-8; Joshua, b. ; Elizaer, b. ; Lydia, b. , m. John 

Wilcutt, of Hingham, Aug. 30, 1743. Copied from the Boston News Letter, dated 
Aug. 25, 1737. " We hear that sometime in the begining of July, that Captain 
Atherton Hough, master of a whaling vessel, being in the streights, killed a large 
whale and brought her to the Vessel's side as usual to cut her up, and as the 
hands were hoisting the Blubber into the hold, the runner of the block gave away, 
and fell with great force on the head of a man that stood underneath, viz. Benja- 
min Hamblen, of Eastham, Mass., and instantly Killed him.*' 

An inventory of his estate as apprised by Jonathan Young, 

Amount to £975 5 3 Jeremiah Mayo, 

Eastham July 5 1738 Solomon Sweet. 

Samuel Hicks, m. , dau. of John Doane ; chn. Dorcas, b. Feb. 14, 

1651 ; Margaret, b. March 9, 1654. 

Richard Knowles, m. ; chn. Samuel, b. at Plymouth, Sept. 17, 1651 ; 

Mehitahle, b. at Eastham, May 20, 1652 ; Mehitable, b. at Eastham, May 20, 
1653; Barbary, b. at Eastham, Sept. 28, 1656. 

John Knowles, probably son of Richard, m. Apphiah Bangs, dau. of Edward, 
Dec. 28, 1670; chn. Edward, b. Nov. 7, 1671; John, b. July 10, 1673; Deborah, 
b. March 2, 1674-5. 

Samuel Knowles, m. Mercy Freeman, granddaughter of Gov. Prence,Dec, — 
1679; chn. James, b. Aug. 13, 1680; Mercy, b. Sept 13, 1681; Samuel, b. 
Jan. 15, 1682; Nathaniel, b. May 15, 1686; Richard, b. July — , 1688; Rebeckah, 
b. March — , 1690; John, b. April — , 1692; Ruth, b. Nov. — , 1694; Cornelius, 
b. Oct. — , 1695 ; Amos, b. , 1702. 

John Knowles. m. Mary ; chn. Joshua, b. July 6, 1696 ; John, b. June 28, 
1698 ; Seth, b. Aug. 7, 1700; Paul, b. Aug. 8, 1702 ; James, b. Nov. 4. 1704 ; 

Jesse, b. April 1, 1707 ; Mary, b. Oct — , 1709. 

John King, m. Rachel Nickerson, of Harwich, July 6, 1737. 

Jonathan Linnell, m. Elisabeth ; chn. David, b. Jan. 28, 1693-4; Elisabeth, 
b. April 17, 1696, d. Mav 17, 1714 ; Abigail, b. July 1, 1699 ; Jonathan, b. Aug. 
4, 1701 ; Thomas, b. Oct. 12, 1703 ; Elisha, b. Feb. 15, 1706-7. Mr. Jonathan 
Linnell, son of David Linnell, of Barnstable, d. July 27, 1725. 

Thomas Lewis, probably from Barnstable, m. Jane ; chn. George, h. May 

6, 1691; Nathaniel, b. March 31, 1696; Rebecca, b. March 17, 1697-8; Benja- 
min, b. Oct. 8, 1700 ; Sarah, b. June 2, 1702 ; Apphia, b. May 9, 1704. Thomas 
Lewis d, March 19, 1717-18. 

Rev. John Mayo, emigrated to Barnstable in 1639 ; was teacher there till 
1644 ; then removed to Eastham, and was Pastor there till 1655 ; then was pastor 
of the second church in Boston, till 1673, when he was discharged on account of 

old age. He died in Yarmouth, 1676. m. Thomason : chn. Samuel, m. 

Thamisine , d. ; 1663; Hannah, m. Nathaniel Bacon, of Barnstable, 

1612; Nathaniel, m. Hannah Prence, 1650, d. 1662; John, m. Hannah Lecraft, 
1651, d. about 1706; Elisabeth, m. Joseph Homes, of Yarmouth, 1701. All born 
before the emigration of their father. 

Samuel Mayo son of the above, m. Thomisine , d. 1663; chn. Mary, b. 



1852.] First Settlers of Eastham, Mass. 169 

-, 1645 ; Samuel, b. , 1647 ; Hannah, b. , 1650; Elizabeth, b. 



1653; Nathaniel, b. April 1, 1658; Sarah, b. 19,1660. The two last 

resided in Boston, and the former in Barnstable. 

Nathaniel Mayo, son of Rev. John , m. Hannah Prence, Feb. 13, 1650, 

dau.ofGov. Thomas Prence; d. 1662; ehn. Thomas, b. Dec. 7, 1650; Nathaniel, 
b. Nov. 16. 1652; Samuel, b. Oct. 12, 1655; Hannah, b. Oct. 17, 1657; Theo- 
philus, b. Dec. 17, 1659; Bathshebah, b. , 1662. 

John Mayo, son of Rev. John , m. Hannah Lecraft, Jan. 1, 1651, d. about 

1705 ; chn. John, b. Dec. 15, 1652; William, b. Oct. 7, 1654 ; James, b. Oct. 3, 
1656; Samuel, b. Aug. 2, 1658; Elisha, b. Nov. 7, 1661 ; Daniel, b. June 24, 
1664 ; Nathaniel, b. April 2, 1667 ; Thomas, b. July 15, 1672. 

John Mayo, son of John, m. Hannah Freeman, April 14, 1681, dau. of Maj. 
John Freeman, of Eastham, d. 1726 ; chn. Hannah, b. Jan. 8, 1682 ; John, b. 

; Samuel, b. July 16, 1684; Mercy, b. April 23, 1688; Rebecca, b. 

; Mary, b. Oct. 26, 1694; Joseph, b. Dec. 22, 1696 ; Elizabeth, b. , 

1706; 

James Mayo, son of John, m. 1 st , 2 d Sarah , 1702, d. 1708; chn. 

Gamaliel, b. ; Joseph, b. ; James, b. ; Jonathan (?) ; 

Sarah, b. Jan. 14, 1703 ; Henry, b. May 3, 1705 ; John. b. Oct. 11, 1707. 

Samuel Mayo, son of John, m. r died before 1732; chn. Anne, b. 

; Martha, b. ; Elizabeth, b. ; Content, b. . All 



born not far from 1700. 

Daniel Mayo, son of John, m. ; d. about 1715 ; chn. Bethiah, b. 

— - — ; Sarah, b. ; Elizabeth, b. ; Daniel, b. ; Jeremiah, 

b. , 1700 ; Margary, b. ; Mary, b. ; 

Nathaniel Mayo, son of John, m. 1 st , m. 2 d Marv Brown, 1703, d. 

1716; chn. Rebecca, b. April— ,1697; William, b. Aug!! — , 1699; Robert, 

b. June — , 1701 ; Mary, b. , 1704 ; Mehitable, b. , 1705 ; Anne, b. 

, 1707 ; Priscilla, b. , 1708, Phebe, b. , 1709 ; Lydia, b. ; 

Hannah, b. ; 

Thomas Mayo, son of John, m. ; chn. Mary, b. ; Mercy (?) b. 

; Hannah (?) b. ; Noah (?) b. 



William Mayo, son of John, m. , died 1691; chn. Thankful, (?) b. 

; Mercy, (?) b. 



Thomas Mayo, son of Nathaniel, m. Barbary Knowles, June 13, 1677, d. April 

22, 1729; chn. Thomas, b. April 3, 1678 ; Theophilus, b. Oct. 31, 1680 ; Mary, 
b. Aug., 1683; Maria, b. Jan. 19, 1685; Ruth, b. Jan.—, 1688; Judah, b. 
Nov. 25, 1691 ; Lydia, b. June 12, 1694 ; Richard, b. Jan. 13, 1696 ; and Isreal, 
b. Aug. 12, 1700. 

Nathaniel Mayo, son of Nathaniel, m. 1 st Elizabeth Wixam, June 28, 1678, 
dau. of Robert Wixam, m 2 d Mercy Young, June 10, 1708, widow of Nathaniel. 
He died Nov. 30, 1709; chn. Nathaniel, b. July — , 1681; Bathshuah, b. Sep. 

23, 1683; Alice, b. April 29, 1686; Ebenezer, b. July 13, 1689; Hannah, b. 
Jan. — , 1692; Elisha, b. April 28, 1695 ; and Robert, b. March 20, 1698. 

Samuel Mayo, son of Nathaniel, m. . He died Oct. 29, 1738, aged 83 

years. Chn. Samuel, b. , , 1690; Jonathan, b. ; Rebecca, b. ; 

Mercy, b. . 

Ensign William Merrick, b. 1600, d. about 1688 ; m. Rebecca. Children : 
William, b. Sept. 15, 1643 ; Steven, b. May 12, 1646 ; Rebecca, b. July 28, 
1648; Mary, b. Nov. 4, 1650 ; Ruth, b. May 15, 1652, Sara, b. Aug. 1, 1654 ; 
John, b. Jan. 15, 1656 ; Isaac, b. Jan. 6, 1660 ; Joseph, b. June 1, 1662 ; Benja- 
min, b. Feb. 1, 1664. 

William, m. Abigail Hopkins, dau. of Giles, May 23, 1667. Children : — 
Rebecca, b. Nov. 28. 1668 ; William, b. Aug. 1, 1670, d. March 20, 1670-71. 

Joseph, d. June 15, 1737, m. Elisabeth Howes, May 1, 1684. Ch. Elizabeth, 
b. Jan. 1, 1685; Mary, b. July 7, 1687 ; Joseph, b. March 8, 1689-90 ; Wil- 
liam, b. Jan. 26, 1692-3 ; Isaac, b. Aug". 12, 1699. 

Joseph Merrick, sen r . d. June 15, 1737. 

Stephen, m. Mercy Bangs, dau. of Edward, Dec. 28, 1670. Ch. Stephen, b. 
March 26, 1673. 

James Maker m. Mercy Smith Feb. 15, 1703-4. 

David Melvile m. Mary. Chd. Mary Melvile, b. July 31, 1699 ; Thomas, 

22 



170 First Settlers of Eastham, Mass. [April, 

b. July 25, 1697 ; Abigail and Elizabeth (twins,) b. May 28, 1702 ; David, b. 
Oct. 17, 1704. 

Thomas Mulford m. Hannah. Chd.: John, b. July, 1670 ; Patience, b. Aug. 
17, 1674; Anna, b. March 23, 1676-7. 

Hannah, widow of Thomas, d. Feb. 10, 1717-18. 

Thomas Mulford, Jr. in. Mary Bassett, Oct. 28, 1690. Chd. Anna, b. July 
28, 1691 ; Dorcas, b. March 6, 1692-3 ; Mary, b. June 26, 1695 ; Hannah, b. 
Sept. 1, 1698; Elisabeth, b. June 30, 1701 ; Thomas, b. Oct. 20, 1703; Jemi- 
ma, b. Oct. 13, 1706. 

John Mulford m. Jemima Higgin Nov. 1, 1699. 

William Nickerson (probably from Yarmouth) m. Mary Snow Jan. 22, 1690. 
Chd. Mercy, b. March 17, 1691-2 ; Nicholas, b. March 19, 1693-4. 

Thomas Newcomb m. Elizabeth Cooke, dau. of Josiah, Oct. — , 1693. Chd. 
Edward, b. Aug. 3, 1695 ; Thomas, b. Aug. 13, 1697 ; Simon, b. Nov. 30, 1699. 

William Norket m. Ruth Mayo March 5, 1718-19. Chd. William, b. Dec. 
28, 1719— Ruth (wife) d. Jan. 14, 1719-20. 

m. 2d, Priscilla Paine, Aug. 4, 1726. 

Ruth, b. June 15, 1728; Josiah, b. Jan. 25, 1730-1; Hannah, b. June 20, 
1733; Experience, b. Sept. 1, 1735; Abner, b. March 25, 1738; Prissilla, b. 
Jan. 14, 1739-40. 

Thomas Paine, m. ; chd. Elezer, b. March 10, 1658, and probably 

had the following: — Thomas, Joseph, Nicholas, Samuel, Elisha, John, Mary. 

Thomas Paine, Jr. m. Hannah Shaw Aug. 5, 1678. Chd. Hannah, b. April 
6, 1679, d. Nov. 17, 1681 ; Hugh, b. July 5, 1680, d. Nov. 29, 1681 ; Thomas, 
b. Feb. 28, 1681-2; Hannah, b. May 12, 1684 ; Jonathan, b. Feb. 1, 1685-6 ; 
Abigail, b. March 4, 1687-8, d. Jan. 21, 1688-9 ; Abigail, b. Nov 10, 1689 ; 
Phebe, b. March 14, 1690-1, d. Jan. 21, 1695-6 ; Elkenah, b. Feb. 1, 1692-3; 
Moses, b. Sep. 28, 1695; Joshua, b. Aug. 28, 1697 ; Phebe, b. Feb. 11, 1698-9; 
Lidia, b. Dec. 4, 1700 ; Barnabas, b. Nov. 13, 1705. 

Joseph Paine, m. Patience Sparrow, May 27, 1691, d. Oct. 1, 1712; chn. 
Ebenezer, b April 8, 1692 ; Hannah, b. July 5, 1694; Joseph, b. March 29, 

1697 ; Richard, b. March 25, 1699. 

Nicholas Paine, m. Hannah , she d. Jan. 24, 1731-2; chn. Thankful, b. 

March 14, 1699-1700 ; Priscilla, b. Oct. 16, 1701 ; Phillip, b. Nov. 18, 1704 ; 
Lois, d. Sep. 29, 1725; Abigail, b. Aug. 3, 1707; Hannah, b. Sep. 24 
1709. 

Samuel Paine, m. Patience Freeman. Jan. 31, 1682, d. Oct. 13, 1712; chn. 
Samuel b. Oct. 30, 1683, d. Oct. 5, 1706 ; Mercy, b. Aug. 5, 1686 ; Nathaniel, 
b. July 9, 1689, d. March 14, 1706-7 ; Ebenezer, b. June 17, 1692 ; Elisabeth, b. 
June 11, 1694 ; Joshua, b. May 20, 1696 ; Isaac, b. Jan. 3, 1698-9 ; Mary, b. 
Feb. 24, 1703-4 ; Seth, b. Oct. 5, 1706, d. March 23, 1722-3. 

Elisha Paine, m. Rebecca Doane, Jan. 20, 1685; chn. Abigail, b. Jan. 5, 
1686 ; Elisha, b. Dec. 29, 1693 ; Mary, b. Feb. 1, 1695-6 ; Solomon, b. May 16, 

1698 ; Dorcas, b. Feb. 24, 1699-1700. 

John Paine, m. Bennet , d. May 30, 1716 ; chn. John, b. Sep. 18. 1690 ; 

Mary, b. Jan. 28, 1692-3 ; William, b. June 6, 1695 ; Benjamin, b. Feb. 22, 
1696-7, d. Dec. 15, 1713 ; Sarah, b. April 14, 1699; Elisabeth, b. June 2, 1702; 
Theophilus, b. Feb. 7. 1703-4; Josiah,!). March 8, 1705-6, d. May 7, 1728; 
Nathaniel, b. Nov. 18, 1707, d. Nov. 4, 1728; Rebecca, b. Oct. 30, 1709; Mercy, 
b. April 3, 1712; Benjamin, b. May 18, 1714, d. Jan. 14, 1716-17 ; m. 2<*, 
Alice Mayo, March 3, 1719-20 ; Hannah, b. Jan. 11, 1720-21, d. Jan. 28, 1723-4 ; 
James, b. Dec. 17, 1723, d. Feb. 23, 1723-4; Thomas, b. April 6, 1725 ; Alice, 
b. Dec. 4, 1728. Mr. Paine d. Oct. 18, 1731. 

Isaac Pepper, m. Apphia Freeman, Oct. 7,1685; chn. Apphia, b. Feb. 24. 
1637; Mary, b. Aug. 7, 1690; Isaac, b. July 29, 1693; Robert, b. Feb 15, 
16:)5-6; Elisabeth, b. July 11, 1698 ; Joseph, b. Nov. 1, 1700, d. May 1, 1703 ; 
Solomon, b. Jan. 15, 1703 ; Joseph, b. Feb. 24, 1704-5. 

On page 41, for Renhard Knowles, read Richard Knowles. 

[To be continued.] 



1 852. J Metcalf Genealogy. 171 



METCALF FAMILY. 

[Communicated by Dr. Luther Metcalf Harris, Jamaica Plain, Roxbury, Mass.] 

Michael Metcalf, the emigrant ancestor of this family, was born in 
Tatterford, county of Norfolk, Eng., 1586. He followed the occupation 
of a Dornix^ weaver, in the city of Norwich, in the same county, where 
he was made freeman, June 21, 1618. His wife, Sarah, was born in the 
adjoining town of Waynham, (?) June 17, 1593, where they were mar- 
ried Oct r 13, 1616. Their seven eldest children were born in St. Benedict's, 
Norwich, and four, afterward, at St. Edmondsbury. " I was persecu- 
ted," he writes, " in the land of my father's sepulchres, for not bowing 
at the name of Jesus, and observing other ceremonies in religion, forced 
upon me, at the instance of Bishop Wren of Norwich and his chancellor 
Dr. Corbet, whose violent measures troubled me in the Bishop's Court, 
and returned me into the High Commissioners' Court. Suffering many 
times for the cause of religion, I was forced, for the sake of the liberty 
of my conscience, to flee from my wife and children, to go into New- 
England ; taking ship for the voyage at London the 17 th of Sep 1 1636 ; 
being by tempests tossed up and down the seas till the Christmas 
following ; then veering about to Plymouth in Old England ; in which 
time I met with many sore afflictions. 

Leaving the ship, I went down to Yarmouth, in Norfolk county, 
whence I shipped myself and family, to come to New England ; sailed 
15 th April, 1637, and arrived three days before midsummer, with my 
wife, nine children, and a servant." The name of this servant, appears 
to have been Thomas Comberbach, aged 16. (Manuscript of Hon. 
James Savage.) 

The above extracts, we take from a copy of his letter, written in Ply- 
mouth, Eng., Jan. 13, 1636, on his voyage hither ; directed, " To all 
the true professors of Christ's Gospel within the city of Norwich." In 
the postscript, he remarks, " my enemies conspired against me to take 
away my life, and, sometimes, to avoid their hands, my wife did hide 
me in the roof of the house, covering me over with straw." 

History informs us, that one of the charges, brought against Bishop 
Wren, by a Committee of Parliament, was, that during the term of 2 
years and 4 months, while he held the See of Norwich, " 3000 of his 
Majesty's subjects, many of whom used trades, spinning, weaving, knit- 
ting, making cloth, stuff, stockings, and other manufactures of wool ; 
some of them setting a hundred poor people at work;" "transported 
themselves into Holland," and " other parts, beyond the seas," in conse- 
quence of his " superstition and tyranny." [See Appendix to Dr. Lam- 
son's Hist. Discourses.] 

Michael Metcalf was admitted a townsman at Dedham, July 14, 1637; 
joined the church in 1639 ; and was Selectman in 1641. His name 
stands first, on the Committee, chosen to " contrive the fabricke of a 
meeting house." His wife, Sarah, died Nov. 30, 1644; m. 2 d widow 
Mary Pidge, of Roxbury, Aug 13, 1645. 

In 1661, Robert Ware, exchanged land, near the brick kiln ; bricks 
being manufactured Here at an early period. " One of the principal 
clay pits, was on land of Michael Metcalf, on Dedham Island." 

* Or, " Dornick, a kind of Stuff used for Curtains, Carpets and Hangings, so called 
from Door nick, or Tournay, a City in Flanders, where it was first made."— [Phil 
lips' Die. London, 1706 



172 Metcalf Genealogy. [April, 

Michael Metcalf, died, Dec. 27, 1664. Will proved, and an Inven- 
tory of his Estate taken, Feb. 1, 1664-5. £364. 18. 05. 

Inventory of the Estate of Michael Metcalfe, Jun. made, 31, 1. 1654. 
Power of Administration, granted, 26 April 1654, to Mary, his widow, 
" in behalf of her selfe and hue children." 

The following is an Abstract of the Will of Michael 1 Metcalfe. 15. 9. 
1664. 

Michael Metcalfe senior, of Dedham, being aged, Doe make this my 
Last will. Wheras, there is a Couenant Between my selfe and Mary 
my Wife, made before our marriage, bearing Date the 13 th of August 
1645, wherein it may appear that she reserued to her selfe, and to her dis- 
pose, her Lands, and Estate, so that 1 receiued no Estate with her ; yet, 
neuerthelesse, I giue unto her ffor the terme of her widowhood, in house- 
hold stuffe, and other goods, as shee thinkes meete to Chuse, for her use, 
not exceeding the ualue of sixteene pounds, and being not such as I shall 
particularly otherwise Dispose of, in this my Last will ; which house- 
hold stuffe, so Chosen by her, shall Bee to ffurnishe the Roome, which 
my Executor shall prepare for her, at his house, to Receiue her into, 
after my Decease. All which household stuffe and goods, I giue to my 
Executor, to haue, after the Decease of my wife. Unto my wife, six 
pounds, to be paid to her, within one moneth after my Decease, in Cur- 
rant pay. Unto Sonne John Metcalfe, of Medfeild, one ffeather bed & 
Bolster, my second Book of Martyrs, M r Perkins second Book, Luther 
on the gala ; one siluer spoone, one pair of sheets, one Long Chest, in 
the upper Chamber, one Diaper Boardcloth. Unto my Executor & his 
Heires, all that my Land in Naponset plaine, and three Acres Laying in 
y e Low plaine, next Peter Woodwards. Also, halfe my Diuident in y e 
Cedar swampe, neer the Saw mill, & 3 Commons & y e odde. Unto my 
Grandchild, Michael Metcalfe, the Elder > all that my Land and Im- 
prouements within the Lott I Dwell in, my three acres in y e wigwaom 
plaine, my swompe next my house, prouided he giue my Executor that 
Litle parcell of his swampe west end of his house, otherwise my gifte to 
be uoyd. Also I give him my Naticke Diuidend of twenty three acres, 
more or Lesse ; four Cow Commons ; halfe my Cedar swampe, at the 
Saw mill ; my wood Land, at the West end of the Towne ; all the par- 
ticulars I haue belonging to husbandry, in one Kind or another ; all the 
Remainer of my Household stuffe not Disposed of in this my Will. Also 
my first Book of Martyrs, M r Perkins fflrst Booke, one siluer spoone. 
To my Daughter Wilson, ffortye shillings. To my Daughter Elizabeth 
Bancrafte, ffiue pounds. To my Daughter, Martha Stoiv, twenty shil- 
lings. To my Daughter, Joane Waker, forty shillings. To my Daugh- 
ter Rebecca Mackentosh, ffiue pounds. To my wife's Daughter, Martha 
Bullerd, twenty shillings. To my Daughter, Sarah Onion, three pounds. 
All which six Legacyes, Last named, shall bee paid at, in, or Before, the 
second March next after my Decease, in Current payment. 

To my Daughter Stowes Eldest sonne, which she had by her first hus- 
band, W m Brignall, ffour pounds, to bee paid him, when he shall 
attayne to Lawful age. To my Grandchild, abovesaid, Jno. Mackin- 
tosh & Robert Onyon, all my wearing apparell, to bee equally diuided 
by my Execut r , in order as their names bee heer set Downe ; my Gran- 
child to choose fflrst : — To my Granchild, abouesaid, all the Lumber in 
my House. Moreouer, if any of y e p sons that are Legatees in y s my 
present will, shall by themselues, or by any others, make, or Cause to bee 
made, any Disturbance, or Contortion, in word or Deed, in Reference to 



1852.] Metcalf Genealogy. 173 

any thing given, in this my will ; then, all that Legacye, to that p son, 
shall be utterly uoyde. Thomas Metcalfe, of Dedham, my sonne, to be 
my executor, to whom I giue all the Rest of my Lands and Goods, not 
formerly Disposed of. Michael Metcalfe. 

Before the witnessing hereof, I giue to my Grandchild abouesaid, my 
single acre of Meddow, also my Largest gray Horsmans Coate, also two 
oxen, one Cow, to bee Deliuered to him at Lawfull age. All the Books, 
aforesaid, giuen to my sonne John, after his Death, I giue them to his 
sonne Michael, my Grand childe. 

Signed and sealed in the presence of us, 
Peter X Woodward, \ 

His Marke. > Edward Rawson, Recorder. 

Jonathan ffairbanke . ) 

Children of MICHAEL, 1 and SARAH 1 Metcalf, all born in England, 

were, 
(2.) I. Michael, 2 b. Nov. 13, 1617, died young, in England. 
(3.) II. Mary, 2 b. Feb. 14, 1618, m. Henry Wilson, Nov. 24th, 1642. 
(4.) III. Michael, 2 (13.) b. Aug. 29, 1620, m. Mary, dau. of John 

Fairbanks, sen r . April 2', 1644, d. in Dedham, Dec. 24, 1654. 
(5.) IV. John, 2 (18.) b. Sep. 5, 1622, m. Mary, dau. of Francis Chick- 

ering, March 22, 1647, d. Nov. 27, 1675. 
(6.) V. Sarah, 2 b. Sep. 10. 1624, m. Robert Onion, of Dedham. 
(7.) VI. Elizabeth, 2 b. Oct. 4, 1626, m. Thomas Bancroft, of Reading, 

Sep. 15, 1648. 
(8.) VII. Martha, 2 b. March 27, 1628, m. 1 st . Wm. Brignall, 2\ Chris- 

topher Smith, Aug. 2, 1654, 3 1 Stow. 

(9.) VIII. Thomas, 2 (22.) b. Dec. 27, ^y , D. 

1629, m. 1 st Sarah Paige, Sep. C^h^nM 'fadzcdlk 

12, 1655 or 6, 2 1 Anne Paine, ^ / 

Dec. 2, 1679. He was Deac. / 

at Dedham ; d. Nov. 16, 1702. 
(10.) IX. Ann, 2 b. March, 1, 1631, died young, in England. 
(11.) X Jane, 2 b. March 24, 1632, m. Samuel Walker, of Rehoboth. 
(12.) XI. Rebeka, 2 b. April 5, 1635, m. John Mackintosh, of Dedham, 

April 5, 1659. 
MICHAEL, 2 (4.) and MARY, 2 had, 
(13.) I. Michael, 3 (28.) b. Jan. 21, 1645, m. Elizabeth, dau. of John 

Kingsbury, Sep. 17, 1672, d. Sep. 1 st or 2 d , 1693. She d. Oct. 24, 

1732. 
(14.) II. Mary, 3 d. Aug. 15, 1646, m. John Ware ; Dec. 10, 1668 had 

9 sons and 2 daughters. 
(15.) III. Sarah, 3 b. Dec. 7, 1648, m. Robert W are of Wrentham, June 

4, 1677. 
(16.) IV. Jonathan, 3 (35.) b. Sep. 21, 1650, m. Hannah, dau. of John 

Kenric, April 10, 1674, d. May 27, 1727. She d. Dec. 23, 1731. 
(17.) V. Eleazer, 3 (45.) b. March 20, 1653; was Deac. at Wrentham, 

m. April 9, 1684. 
JOHN, 2 (5.) and MARY, 2 had, 
(18.) I. John 3 , b. March 21. 1648. (19.) II. Michael 3 , b. Aug. 20, 1650. 
(20.) III. Mary, 3 b. Oct. 2, 1652. (21.) IV. Joseph, 3 b. in 1658, at 

Medfield. John, 2 removed to Medfield, where he had other chil- 
dren born. 
THOMAS, 2 (9.) and SARAH had, 
(22.) I. Sarah, 3 b. March 3, 1658, m. Samuel Whiting, Nov. 23, 1676. 

She d. 1702. 



174 Metcalf Genealogy. [April, 

(23.) II. Samuel, 3 b. Oct. 17, 1661, d. June 30, 1713. 
(24.) II. Thomas, 3 b. Sep. 22, 1665, d. an infant. 

(25.) IV. Thomas, 3 (54.) b. May 7, 1671, m. Sarah Avery, Nov. 24, 
1696, d. Dec. 12, 1704. The widow m. Joseph Wight, April 6, 
1709. She d. 1748. 
(26.) V. John, 4 b. Sep 20, 1675- 
(27.) VI. Judith, 3 b. Oct. or Dec. 25, 1677, She d. Sep. 24, 1682. 

MICHAEL, 3 * (13.) and ELIZABETH had, 
(28.) I. Michael, 4 ! b. May 9, 1674, probably unmarried.! 




f iG£<K<& Vf^CaJfa 



(29.) II. Mary, 4 b. Oct. 3, 1676, m. Jeremiah Woodcock, Jan. 5, 1699, 
had child. : Jeremiah, 5 Margaret, 5 Mary, 5 Nathaniel, 5 " Meream," 5 
"Carnelus," 5 Michael, 5 Sarah. 5 

(30.) III. Thomas, 4 (58.) b. Jan. 3, 1679, m. Lydia, dau. of Nathaniel & 
Lydia II Chickering. 4 She was b. Dec. 1, 1678. 

(31.) IV. Sarah, 4 b. April 26, 1682, m. John Gay, had daus. Sarah, 5 
Elizabeth, 5 and Abigail, 5 whom. Tomson. 

(32.) V. Eleazer, 4 b. Feb. 12, 1684-5. Children: Hannah, 5 Deborah. 5 

(33.) VI. Hannah, 4 b. April 17, 1687, m. Thomas Stedman, of Brook- 
line, Nov. IS, 1729. 

(34.) VII. Daniel, 4 b. June 25, 1691, d. Jan. 29, 1717, probably unmar. 
JONATHAN, 3 (16.) and HANNAH had, 

(35.) I. Jonathan, 4 (62.) b. March 16, 1675, m. Hannah Avery, Jan. 
15, 1703, lived at Lebanon, Ct., had children. He d. 1739. 

(36.) II. John, 4 $ " Esq." (68.) b. March 20, 1678, had 3 wives ; 10 
sons and 8 daughters. He d. Oct, 6, 1749. 

(37.) III. Ebenezer, 4 b. Feb. 14, 1680, m. Margaret Ware, 1713. 

*That the above Michael 3 Metcalfe had a dau. Elizabeth, I am fully assured, 
although her name is not put down either in the record of Mr. Joseph Metcalf, or in 
that of Dr. Thayer. My reasons are — that Michael, 4 having neither wife nor child, 
distributes his whole estate, by will, amongst his brothers, sisters, nephews and neices; 
also, mentions his sister Elizabeth before his other three sisters. Elizabeth m. John 
Daman of Dedham, and the receipt for her legacy is signed by them both. They had a 
son George, b. July 7, 1736, grad. H. U., 1756 ; was fourth minister of lisbury, 
Martha's Vineyard ; ord. 1760 ; resigned in 1779 ; removed to Woodstock, Vt : d. 
Dec. 1796. 

t The following clause is taken from the will of Michael. 4 Dec. 31, 1735. 

Item, I give & bequeath unto the first Precinct in Dedham, (Namely, the North Pre- 
cinct,) the full Sum of One hundred Pounds, to Lett out, to Use, for the use & 
benefit of a School or Schools within said Precinct, to be paid in Curr 1 passing money, 
and to be paid by my Exec r within two Year next after my Decease, unto whomso- 
ever the Lawfull Inhabitants or Voters of said Precinct shall make choice of, Order 
and Appoint, to receive the same. 

On the 24th of March, 1736-7, there 'is a Receipt given to Thomas Metcalfe of 
Needham, Executor of his brothers estate, bearing the names of John Metcalfe, Ephraim 
Wilson, Michaell Dwight, "Chosen by A Regular vote of y e first Parish" to receive 
said Legacy, amounting to " One Hundred Pounds in bills of Credit. Witnessed by 
Hezekiah Fuller, Jarves Pike, Jun r , Joseph Fairbanks. 

% Dr. Thayer, in his "Family Memorial" p. 164, mentions that Michael 4 m. Lydia 
White, which is supposed to be incorrect. According to family tradition, he lived and 
died a bachelor. 

|| See p. 101, present vol. 

§ 1700. Twelve acres of land are granted to John Metcalf, for encouragement to 
him to set up his trade, as a tanner, in this town. (Mann's Annals of Dedham, p. 22.) 



1852.] Metcalf Genealogy. 175 

(38.) IV. Joseth, 4 (85.) b. April 11, 1682, grad. H. U. 1703, was min- 
ister in Falmouth, Mass., m. Abiel Adams youngest dau. of Rev. 
Wm. Adams of Dedham. He d. 1723. His widow m. Rev. 
Isaac Chauncy, 2d minister of Hadley. 

(39.) V. Timothy, 4 b. Nov. 18, 1684, d. July 3d, 1695. 

(40.) VI. Eleazer, 4 b. Feb. 14, 1687. m. Hannah Ware , Sep. 6, 1711. 

(41.) VII. Hannah, 4 b. April 10, 1689, m. James kichards, of Dedham ; 
children, Ebenezer, 5 James, 5 Jonathan, 5 David, 5 Samuel. 5 

(42.) VIII. Nathaniel, 4 (96.) b. April 17 or 22, 1691, m. Mary Gay, 
Feb. 13 or 17, 1713. 

(43.) IX. Mehetable, 4 m. John Huntington. 

(44.) X. Mary, 4 m. 1st. John Pratt, 2d. Ichabod Warner of Windham, Ct. 
ELEAZER, 3 (17.) had 

(45.) I. Eleazer, 4 b. May 30, 1685 ; d. in infancy. 

(46.) II. Michael, 4 (104.) b. May 21, 1687. Elder at Wrentham, m. 
Abiel Colborn of Dedham. 

(47.) III. Samuel, 4 (116.) b. Jan. 15, 1689, m. Judith George of Wren- 
tham. She was born, April 14, 1704, d. 1782. 

(48.) IV. Ebenezer, 4 b. Jan. 8, 1691, lived at Rutland. 

(49.) V. Jonathan, 4 b. April 9, 1693, Dea. atMedway, m. Hannah Clark. 

(50.) VI. MELETiA, 4 b. April 21, 1695. 

(51.) VII. Timothy, 4 b. July 2, 1697, Capt. at Wrentham, m. Casnau. 

(52.) VIII. & IX. Martha 4 & Mary, 4 b. Aug. 27, 1699. 

(53.) X. Eleazer, 4 (120.) b. Nov. 21, 1710, m. Margaret Ware , 1733. 
THOMAS, 3 (25.) and SARAH, had 

(54.) I. Sarah, 4 b. April 26, 1698, d. June 9, 1698. 

(55.) II. Samuel, 4 b. April 9, 1699, d. June 30, 1713. 

(56.) III. Thomas, 4 b. Dec. 30, 1701, d. Dec. 28, 1726, killed by a cart 
wheel passing over him, at Low Plain, Dedham. 

(57.) IV. Sarah, 4 b. Dec. 1, 1703, m. Capt. David Fales, June 20, 
1728, had 2 children, Sarah 5 and David. 5 Sarah, 5 m. Jonas Hum- 
phrey, had 7 children, most of whom died young. Mary, 6 dau. of 
Jonas 5 and Sarah, 5 m. Hon John Endicott. Mrs. E. and her 
descendants are thought to be all that remain of the family of Dea. 
Thomas Metcalfe now living in Dedham. 
THOMAS, 4 (30 ) and LYDIA, had 

(58.) I. Lydia, 5 m. Fuller, had no children, d. April 1792. 

(59.) II. Thomas, 5 b. Jan. 19, 1713, d. unm. Oct. 8, 1760, by a cart 
wheel passing over him. 

(60.) III. Michael, 5 b. Oct. 20, 1715, unm. 

(61.) IV. Esther, 5 b. 1717, m. April 16, 1747, John Harris of Brook- 
line. He d. 1795, ao-ed 87. She d. Nov. 5, 1801. Children 
Michael, b. June 12, 1743, m. Mary Dana, d. Jan. 28, 1816; John, 
b. Oct. 1, 1750, m. Mary Niles, d. Dec. 5, 1831. 
JONATHAN, 4 (35.) and HANNAH, had 

(62.) I. Jonathan, 5 m. had 9 sons, 1 dau. 

(63.) II. William, 5 m. Alice, his cousin, dau. of Joseph Metcalf, had 1 
son, 2 daughters. [Manuscript of Dr. Thayer.) 

(64.) III. Han nah , 5 m. Samuel Huntington, of Lebanon, Ct. 

(65.) IV. Mar y , 5 m. Peter Pratt, of Sharon. 

(66.) V. Margaret, 5 m. John Williams, of Sharon. 

(67.) VI. Mfhitable, 5 m. John Huntington, of Lebanon. 

JOHN, 4 (36.) m. Mehitable Savels of Braintree, April 29, 1701, had 

(68.) I. John, 5 (124.) b. March 31, 1704, m. Mary Fisher, of Needham. 
He lived at Bellingham, d. at the age of 95. 



176 Metcalf Genealogy. [1852. 

(69.) II. Eleazer, 6 (137.) b. Aug. 21, 1706, m. Martha Turpin. 

(70.) III. Timothy, 5 b. Dec. 11, 1707, d. Aug. 14, 1727, of a wound 

received from the tine of a hay fork. 
(71.) IV. Joseph, 6 (142.) b. May 11, 1710, m. "Ruth, dau. of Nathan 

Aldis, Feb. 21, 1764. He d. Feb. 25, 1785. She d. March 3, 

1803, aged 76. 
(72.) V. & VI. Twin daughters, b. & d. March 30, 1712. Their mother 

also, d. aged 29 yrs. 

By 2 1 wife, Bethiah Savels, F cousin of his 1 st wife, m. Feb. 

12, 1713, had 
(73.) VII. Jonathan, 6 (146.) b. May 4, 1714, m. Elizabeth Fuller, June 

5, 1746. 
(74.) VIII. Bethiah, 6 b. Dec. 31, 1715, m. Deac. William Avery, Dec. 

10, 1741. 
(75.) IX. An infant, which with its mother died, May 22, 1717. She 

was 35 yrs. of age. 

By 3 d wife, Grace Williams of Roxbury, m. Oct 25, 1718. 

(She d. Nov. 11, 1749, aged 61.) had 
(76.) X. Katharine, 6 b. Aug. 12, 1719. d. voung. 
(77.) XL Katherine, 6 b. June 27, 1721, d. June 12, 1746. 
(78.) XII. Mehitable, 6 b. Sep. 17, 1723, m. Jonathan Fisher, Aug. 

23, 1750. She d. at the age of about 99. 
(79.) XIII Sarah, 6 b. June 9, 1725, d. Sep. 3, 1749. 
(80.) XIV. Timothy, 6 b. Dec. 2, d. Dec. 12, 1728. 
(81.) XV. Timothy, 6 b. July 14, 1730, m. Hannah Guild, April 29, 

1756. He d. in 182], aged 91. 
(82.) XVI. Grace, 6 b. Nov. 10, 1732, d. Aug. 13, 1749. 
(83.) XVII. Stephen, 6 b. March 10, 1732-3, d. young. 
(84.) XVIII. A son, 6 b. and died 1734-5. 

JOSEPH, 4 (38.) and ABIEL had 
(85.) I. Abigail, 6 d. young. (86.) II. Abijah. 
(87.) III. Abiel, 6 m. James Fitch, of Berwick, Me., children, William, 6 

James, 6 John, 6 Jabez, 6 &c. 
(88. IV. Hannah, 6 m. Timothy Metcalf, of Mansfield. 
(89.) V. Alice, 6 m. William Metcalf, of Lebanon, Ct. 
(90.) VI. Mary, 6 m. John Reed, of Lebanon, " 

(91.) VII. Elizabeth, 6 m. John Williams, of Lebanon, " 
(92.) VIII. Delight, 6 (93.) IX. Sarah, 6 m. James Fowler, of E. Had- 

dam, Ct. 
(94.) X. Azubah, 6 m. William Williams, Union. Me. (95.) XL Sybal. 6 

NATHANIEL, 4 (42.) and MARY, had 
(96.) I. Mary, 6 b. Feb. 16, 1716, m. Joseph Fisher, May 11, 1738. 
(97.) II. Nathaniel, 6 b. Aug. 29, 1718, m. Ruth Whiting, May 3, 1739. 
(98.) III. Hannah, 6 b. Sep. 28, 1720, m. Samuel Richards, Sep. 28, 1737. 
(99.) IV. Sarah, 6 b. Oct. 30, 1722, m. Israel Everett, Oct. 13, 1743. 
(100.) V. Margaret, 6 b Oct. 9, 1725, m. Stephen Fales, Oct. 18, 1748. 
(101.) VI. Mary, 6 b. Oct. 16, 1727, unm., d. when about 77 yrs. of age. 
(102.) VII. Ebenezer, 6 b. Oct. 30, 1729, m. Elizabeth Stanley. 
(103.) VIII. Lydia, 6 b. Dec. 3, 1731, m. Timothy Fisher, April 21, 1757. 

MICHAEL, 4 (46.) and ABIEL, had 
(104.) I. Pelatiaii, 6 (154.) m. Hepzabeth Mann.* He d. April 1, 1770. 

Shed. Oct. 11, 1773. 

* She was dau. of Thomas, who was the sixth son of Rev. Samuel Man, first minister 
ofWrentham, who was b. in 1647, m. E sther War e of Dedham, May 13, 1673, 
preached his own ordination sermon, April 13, 1692, dTed May 22, 1719. 



1852.J Metcalf Genealogy. 177 

105.) II. Michael, 6 m. Hannah Adams. 

106.) III. Barnabas, 5 m. Rebecca Healey. 

107.) IV. Joseph, 5 m. Hannah Haven. 

108.) V. Ebenezer, 5 m. Hannah Morse. & 

109.) VI. John, 5 m. Abigail Fisher. 

110.) VII. James, 5 m. Abiel Haven. (111.) VIII. Samuel, 5 m. Lois 

Kingsbury. 
112.) IX. Melatia, 5 m. Joseph Ellis. (113.) X. Mercy, 5 m. George 

Smith. 
114.) XI. Abiel, 5 m. Micjia &L Ware . (115.) XII. Esther, 5 m. Asa 

Fisher. 
SAMUEL, 4 (47.) and JUDITH had 
116.) I. George, 5 b. June 2, 1730, d. Feb. 10, 1816. (117.) II. Ann, 5 

b. May 12, 1732, d. July 15, 1818. 
118.) III. John, 5 b. July 3, 1734, d. Aug. 15, 1822, (119.) IV. Me- 

letiah, 5 b. Oct. 16, 1736, d. July 27, 1821. 
ELEAZER, 4 (53.) and MARGARET had 
120.) I. Eli, 5 b. Dec. 14, 1735. 

121.) II. Eunice, 5 b. Jan. 23, 1737-8, d. Aug. 1, 1805. 
122.) III. Jeremiah, 5 b. Nov. 25, 1740, d. Sep 22, 1780, a prisoner of 

war in the old sugar house New York. 
123.) IV. Margaret, 5 b. Jan. 30, 1742-3, d. June, 1775. 

JOHN, 5 " Coroner," (68.) and MARY had 
124.) I. John, 6 b. June 12, 1730, m. Susanna Andrews ; ch. John. 7 
125.) II. Stephen, 6 " Judge," b. Dec. 1731, m. Hepzibah Adams ; 

ch. Hepzibah, 7 Beulah, 7 Nabby, 7 Stephen. 7 
126.) III. Mary, 6 m. Nathan Whiting ; ch. Elisha, 7 John. 7 
127.) IV. Thomas, 6 b. Oct. 10, 1733, m. Sally Levere (Revere ?). 
128.) V. Margaret, 6 b. Feb. 2, 1735, m. Benjamin Heaton; ch. Na- 
thaniel, 7 Margaret, 7 Benjamin. 7 
129.) VI. Savel. 6 (130.) VII. Matthew. 6 (131.) VIII. Mehitable, 

m. Nath 1 Patridge ; ch. Ephraim, 7 Mehitabel. 7 
132.) IX. Anne. 6 (133.) X. Joseph. 6 (134.) XL Jabez. 6 (135.) XII. 

Grace, 6 m. Abiel Pratt. 
136.) XIII. Elias, 6 b. Feb. 18, 1782? d. young. 

ELEAZER, 5 (69.) and MARTHA had 
137.) I. John. 6 (138.) II. William. 6 (139.) III. Mehitabel. 6 (140.) 

IV. Martha. 6 (141.) V. Katherine. 6 
JOSEPH, 5 (71.) and Ruth had 
142.) I. Joseph, 6 b. May 30, 1765, m. Rebecca Fairbanks. 
143.) II. Nathan, 6 b. July 15, 1767, m. Olive Estabrooks, Sept. 3, 

1792, removed to New York ; had 4 sons, 7 daughters. 
144.) III. John, 6 b. May 7. 1769, m. Kezia Reed, removed to Wash- 
ington, N. H. 
145.) IV. Thomas, 6 b. Jan. 16, 1771, m. Sally Chase, removed to 

Lempster, (?) N. H. ; had 3 sons and 3 daughters. 
JONATHAN, 5 (73.) and Elizabeth had 
146.) I. Elizabeth, 6 b. Aug. 9, 1747, m. Henry Smith, June 5, 1768 ; 

had 7 children. 
147.) II. Jonathan, 6 b. Dec. 29, 1748, d. May 31, 1749. 
148.) III. Jonathan, 6 b. Sept. 15, 1750, m. Elizabeth Whiting. He 

was a Lieu, in the army, and was wounded in the head, by a shot 

from the enemy, in Dartmouth, at, or near New Bedford, Sept. 5, 

1778, d. the 22 d . She d. Oct. following, leaving 1 child, Betsy, 

who m. Martin Marsh ; she had 4 sons. 
23 



178 Metcalf Genealogy. [Apri., 

(149.) IV. Mary, 6 b. Sept. 21, 1752. 

(150.) V. Sarah, 6 b. Jan. 15, 1755, m. Samuel Follet, 1775. She d. 

Feb., 1783, leaving 5 children. 
(151.) VI. Hezekiah, 6 b. Aug. 12, 1757. (152.) VII. John, 6 b. Oct. 

15 1759 
(153.) VIII. Eliezer, 6 b. Jan. 2, 1762, d. April 25, 1763. 

PELETIAH, 5 (104.) and HEPZIBAH had. 
(154.) I. Peletiah, 6 m. Lydia Castine. (155.) II. Jabez, 6 m. Hannah 

Manchet. 
(156.) III. Michael, 6 m. Polly Whittemore. (157.) IV. Benjamin, 6 

m. jjunice Ware. 
(158.) V. Elias, 6 m. Almira Spencer. (159.) VI. Enos, 6 m. 1 st Mary 

Jacobs ; 2 d Martha Godfrey. 
(160.) VII. Hepzabeth, 6 m. Jesse Allen. 
(161.) VIII. Thomas, 6 b. Aug. 13, 1749, m. Jemima Kay, b. Jan. 8, 

1756, d. Aug. 3, 1830. 
(162.) IX. Silas, 6 m. 1 st , Miriam Ray ; 2', Mercy Ballou. 

Note. The foregoing genealogy has been prepared, in part, from ancient family 
records, wills, deeds, probate papers and other documents, which have descended 
through several generations ; but the source from which the main portion of the mate- 
rial has been drawn, is a manuscript of Mr. Joseph Metcalf of Dedham. There is, 
however, a part of Joseph's manuscript, (being a transcript from that of Matthew Met- 
calf, Esqr., of Bellingham,) which is essentially deficient. Matthew, Esqr., has 
enumerated about sixty families who removed to different towns in the N. E. and 
other States. He has given the names of those that removed, also the names of many 
of their children, but did not mention whose sons the heads of these families were, nor 
when they were born ; when or who they married, or the dates of their childrens' births 
and deaths. Without the knowledge of these particulars, we cannot tell to what 
branch or generation they belong, and consequently cannot produce a correct genealogy. 
Any one possessing information on this subject, though of small amount, will confer a 
favour by communicating the same to Dr. L. M. Harris, Jamaica Plain, Mass. 



ALICE CRAFT— WHO WERE HER PARENTS ? 

Alice Craft was born about 1678, and died in Holliston, Ms., about 
1783, in her 105th year, & in her 5th widowhood. She died in the 
family of a grandchild. 

Robert Loverain & Allis Craft m. Jan. 3, 1704-5, in Roxbury. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Robert & Alice Lovering, b. May 19, 1708, & m. 

John Eaton, 1729. 
Robert, son of Robert & Alice Lovering, b. Sept. 26, 1710 ; m. Rebecca 

Gardner, Roxbury, 1735. 
William, son of Robert & Alice Lovering, b. March 1, 1713. 
Samuel, " " " " " " " Dec. 5, 1715. 

" Said Robert Lovering was then [Dec. 5, 1715,] gone from Roxbury, 
— lived at Boston by Mr. Meares's." — [Rox. Records. 
Ephraim Lyon & [widow] Alice Lovering, m. July 4, 1723, in Roxbury. 
" Mr. John Greenwood of Newton & Mrs. Alice Lyon of Roxbury, were 

married July 24, 1729— by Rev. Eben. Thayer." 
She married 4th, a Mr. Shedd, & 5th, a Mr. Winchester ; both probably 

of Roxbury. 
She has numerous descendants, and saw, at least, two great-great- 
grandchildren, — to whom she gave mementoes, &; one of whom was 
named for her. [c. w. 



1852.] Dorchester Inscriptions. 179 

INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE OLD BURIAL GROUND IN 

DORCHESTER, MS. 

Copied by W. B. Trask, of Dorchester. 
[Continued from page 258 of Volume V.] 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Patience Day Wife to M r John Day dec 1 
March y e 18 th 1729-30 in y e 25 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Experience Weeks daughter to M r Joseph & 
M rs Sarah Weeks died April 14 th 1730 in y e 33 d year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Consider Jones who died June 1730 in y e 27 th 
year of his age. 

Priscilla Morgan daughter to M r Ralph & M rs Anna Morgan aged 6 
months died July y e 27^1730. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Hannah Glouer Widow of M r Nathaniel 
Glouer died August y e 20 th 1730 in y e 78 th year of her age. 

Susanna Humfrey daughter to Jonas & Susanna Humfrey died Sep 1 
19 th 1730 aged 1 year & 11 months. 

Abraham How son to M r Abraham & M rs Hannah How Dec Sep 20 lh 
1730 aged 3 months & 10 days. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M rs Elizabeth Wier, y e Wife of Lieu- 
tenant Thomas Wier died Oct 11 th 1730 in y e 20 elh year of her age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M r Thomas Pierce who departed this 
Life Oct y e 21 st 1730 in y e 69 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Isaac Humfrey Jun r he died Oct r 23 d 1730 in 
y e 35 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M r Hopestill Humfrey, died March 22 d 
1730-31 in y e 82 d year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Thankful Peirce y e wife of Joseph Peirce. She 
died May y e 2 d 173[1?] in y e 33 d year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Hannah Wales Widow of M r Samuel 
Wales. She died June y e 1 st 1731 in y e 69 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of Sarah Jones y e Wife of Jonathan 
Jones She died June y e 30 th 1731 in y e 62 1 year of her age. 

Job Wiswell Son to Ebenezer & Ann Wiswell aged 8 weeks & 1 day 
Dec d Nov ye 6 1731. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Ann Jones y e Widow of M r Isaac Jones 
She died January ye 20 eth 1731-2 aged about 77 years. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Susanna Clap y e Widow of Elder Hope- 
still Clap. She died March 2 d 1732 aged 80 years. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of M rs Priscilla Foster the Consort of M r 
James Foster who departed this Life March the 6 th Anno Dom 1732 
aged 46 years 6 months and 21 days. 

Here Lyes Sarah Bradley Daughter to John & Sarah Bradley died 
April 29 1732 in y e 8 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r John Bird who died August y e 2 1 1732 in 
ye 91 st year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of M r James Foster who Departed this 
Life Oct r the 4 th 1732 ; in the 82 d year of his age. He was member in 
full Communion with the Church of Christ in Dorchester About 60 ,y 
years. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M r James Barber He died Oct 13 1732 aged 
About 80 ty years. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Eunice Torrey y c Widow of Deacon 



180 Dorchester Inscriptions. [April, 

James Torrey of Scituate She died Oct* 15 1732 in ye 72 d year of her 
age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M r Ephraim Payson died Oct y e 18 th 
1732 in y e 75 year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of M rs Anna Foster the Consort of M r 
James Foster; She Departed this Life the 29* Sept 1732 in the 68* 
year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Joseph Price son of M r Peter Price & M rs Anna 
Price who died Oct 19 1732 aged 2 years & 8 months. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of M r James Blake who Departed this 
Life Oct 22 d 1732 aged 80 years and 2 months He was a Member in 
full Communion with the Church of Christ in Dorchester about 55 years, 
and a Deacon of the same Church about 23 years. 

Seven Years Strong- Pain doth end at last 
His weary days & nights are past; 
The Way is Rough the End is Peace 
Short Pain giues Place to endless Ease. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs < Elizabeth Beighton Wife to M r John 
Beighton She died Dec r ye 5 1732 in ye 50 eth year of her age. 

Isaac Boynton son to Isaac & Elizabeth Boynton died Dec r 19 1732 
aged 18 days. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Sarah Evens daughter of Matthias & Silence 
Evens She died February y e 18 th 1732-3 in y e 24 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of John Capen died April y e 5 th 1733 in y e 48 th 
year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M r Samuel Capen He Departed this 
Life 19* of May 1733 in ye 85 year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M r John Woodward who died Decern 
5* 1733 in ye 33 d year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M r Sherebiah Butt who died Decern 
30* 1733 in ye 59* year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Hannah Trott Daugh r to M r James & M rs Sarah 
Trott aged 16 years died Jan y 12* 1733-4. 

Jonathan Hall y e son of Richard & Mary Hall He died March 13 
1733-4 aged 10 months. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of M r Samuel Robinson, who died March 
the 30* Anno Dom 1734 in the 68* year of his age. 

Anne Langley Daughter of Nathaniel & Anne Langley died March 
31 st 1734 aged 5 weeks & 5 days. 

Jesse Barber Son to Hezekiah & Eunice Barber He died May y e 2 d 
1734 in y e 10 year of his age. 

John Son to John Bradley Jun & Hannah His Wife died June 6 1734 
in y e 5 month of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M rs Sarah Leadbetter Wife to M r 
Increas Leadbetter; She died June y e 16 1734 aged 53 years. 

Daniel Clap Son to Ebenezer Clap Jun r & Hannah His Wife died 
June 19* 1734 aged 4 months. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M r James Baker He died Aug 1 24* 
1734 aged 60 ty years 20 ty d s . 

Here Lyes y e Body of John Leeds who died Sep r y e 17 1734 in y e 
36* year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of Sarah Bradley Wife of John Bradley 
died Sep 25* 1734 in the 33 year of her age. 



be 



br 



1852.] Dorchester Inscriptions, 181 

Here Lyes ye Body of M rs Elizabeth Withington Wife to M> William 
Withington died Oct 9 1734 in y e 41 st year of her age. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of M r George Payson who died Nov r 5 th 

1734 in the 33' year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M r Isaac Hurnfrey who died Jan y 12 th 

1735 in 84 th year of his age. 

Jonathan Hall Son to Richard and Mary Hall aged 8 mon s died Jan 
26 1734-5. 

John Son to John Bradley Jun r & Hannah his Wife died Feb 2 1735 
aged 1 year wanting 7 days. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Elizabeth Hall Wife to David Hall She died 
March 11 1735 in y e 26 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of John Clap Son to M r Ebenezer & M rs Hannah 
Clap died June y e 12 1735 in y e 25 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Jane Blackman Wife to M r John Black- 
man She died August 8 th 1735 in y e 73 d year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Johannah Lyon y e Wife of M r Thomas 
Lyon She died Aug y e 18 1735 in y e 63 d year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Ebenezer Pall Jun died Aug 18 1735 in y e 28 
year of his age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M rs Hannah Pall Wife to M r Ebenezer Pall 
She died Aug y e 26 1735 in y e 56 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of Elizabeth Trescott dec d Sep y e 6 th 

1735 in y e 42' year of her age. 

Sarah Barber Daughter to John & Mary Barber died 18 th Sept 1735 
aged 12 days. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Elizabeth Preston Widow of M r John 
Preston who dec d Oct y e 1 st 1735 in y e 52 d year of her age. 

Israel Wiswell Son to John Wiswell Ju r & Mary Wiswell aged 1 1 
days died Jan y 30 1735-6. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M r Comfort Foster who died Jan y y e 
30 1735-6 in y e 45 year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M rs Sarah Weeks Wife to M r Joseph 
Weeks She died Febr y 12 1735-6 aged 74 years. 

Josiah Blake Son to M r Josiah & M rs Relief Blake aged 4 years 6 
months & 4 days died March 15 1736. 

Here Lyes Samuel Pierce Son to M r Samuel & M rs Abigail Pierce 
aged 2 years 2 months & 5 days died April y e 4 th 1736. 

Ruth Daug r to John Bradley Jun & Hannah his Wife died April 14 

1736 aged 10 weeks. 

Here Lies Buried y e Body of M r Mather Withington Son to M r Eb- 
enezer & M rs Katherine Withington who dec d April y e 28 th 1736 in ye 
22 d year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Henry Jones Son to M r Samuel & M rs Sarah 
Jones He died May 7 1736 in y c 20 year of his age. 

Dorcas Brown Daughter of John & Mary Brown She died May y e 8 th 
1736 in y e 5 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M r Aaron Read He died May 21 1736 in yc 
38 year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Jane Evens Daughter to Thomas & Thankfull 
Evens died May y e 26 1736 in y e 18 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Elizabeth Bird Daughter to M r Benjamin & 
M rs Joanna Bird She died Sep ye 12 th 1736 in y c 16 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M r8 Elizabeth Peirce wife to M r John Peirce 
Jun r She died Sep 19 th 1736 in ye 24 year of her age. 



182 Dorchester Inscriptions, [April, 

Here Lyes ye Body of M r John Trott who died Oct r 3 d 1736 in ye 
36 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Waitstill Jones Wife to M r Ebenezer Jones 
She dec d Nov 5 th 1736 in y e 48 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes Mary Spur Daughter to Cap n Robart Spur Jun & M rs Je- 
mima Spur She died Nov y e 5 th 1736 in y e 11 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Mary Emmons Wife to M r Benjamin Em- 
mons & Daughter to M r Ebenezer & M rs Mary Williams She died y e 19 
of Nov 1736 in y e 27 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r William Lowder who died Dec 4 th 1736 in 
ye 55th year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Philip Withington who died Dec r y e 27 
1736 in ye 78 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of Timothy Tileston who dec d Jan y y e 4 th 
1736-7 in y e 74 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M rs Susanna Capen Widow of M r 
Samuel Capen She died Feb y y e 3 d 1737 in y e 83 d year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Francis Price who died Feb 4 1737 in y e 
64 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M rs Martha Pimer Wife to M r Thomas Pimer 
died Feb y ye 19th 1737 in y e 35th year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Samuel Pierce Son to M r Samuel & M rs Abi- 
gail Pierce He died Febr y 25 1737 aged 5 months & 20 days. 

Sarah Leeds Daughter to M r Hopestill & M rs Sarah Leeds died March 
18* 1737 aged 8 days. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M rs Abigail Swift Wife to M r Obadiah Swift 
She died March 19 th 1737 in y e 73 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Richard Haws who died June y e 29 1737 
in y e 65 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes Lemuel Spur Son to Cap n Robert Spur Jun 1 * & M rs Jemi- 
ma his Wife He died 28 July 1737 in y e 15 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of M r Ebenezer Paul who died Oct r the 
13th 1737 in the 58* year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of M r Increas Leadbetter who departed 
this Life Nov r the 10 th Anno Dom 1737 in the 65 year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Benjamin Cheney who died Dec r y e 17 th 1737 
in y e 61 st year of his age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M rs Mary Jones Widow of M r Samuel Jones 
She died Jan 9 1738 in y e 81 st year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Priscilla Leeds Wife to Joseph Leeds Jun She 
died Jan 16 th 1737-8 in y e 56 year of her age. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of Robert Spur Esq r who departed this 
Life Jan y the 16 th Anno Dom 1738 in the 78 th year of his age. 

Elijah Wiswall Son to M r Ebenezer & M rs Ann Wiswall aged 26 ds 
died Jan 16* 1738. 

Daniel Bradley Son to Samuel & Mary Bradley aged 1 year & 5 
days died 30 March 1738. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Samuel Tolman who died May y e 18 th 
1738 in y e 62 d year of his age. 

[The upper part of this stone has been broken off; from the fragment we take the 
following :] 

Bathsheba Foster S d Situate He died July y e 4 th 1738 in y e 27 th year 
of his age. 

[To be continued.] 



1852. 



Early Records of Boston. 



183 



EARLY RECORDS OF BOSTON. 

Copied by Mr. David Pulsifer, of Boston. 

[Continued from Vol. V., page 334.] 

RoXBURY. 

Benjamin the sonne of Robert Gamlin borne 20 (6) 
1639. 

Mary the daughter of Robert Gamlin borne 6(1) 1641. 

Thomas Gardiner a housekeeper buried in the yeare Gardiner. 
1638. 

Andrew the sonne of Thomas Gardiner borne 5 (1) 
1641. 

Hannah the daughter of Richard Goad borne 1 (5) 1643. Goade. 

John the sonne of Richard Goade borne 1 (5) 1643. 

Mary the daughter of Richard Goade borne 23 (4) 1644. 

Abigail the daughter of John Gore borne 5 (5) 1641. Gore. 

buried 30 (2) 1642. 

Abigail the daughter of John Gore borne 5 (3) 1643. 

Mary the daughter of John Gorton borne 21 (4) 1641. Gorton. 

Sarah the daughter of John Gorton borne 21 (11) 1643. 

Hannah the daughter of John Grave borne 1636. Grave. 

John Grave housekeeper buried (9) 1644. 

Mary the wife of Thomas Griggs buried 25 (9) 1639. Griggs. 

John the sonne of Samuel Hagborne borne 26 (1) 1640. Hagborne. 

Hanna the daughter of Samuel Haofborne borne 5 (11) 
1642. * * K ' 

Samuel Hagborn the father dyed 27 (10) 1642. 

Thomas Harris servant to John Johnson dyed 2 (7) Harris. 

1640. 

Elisabeth daughter of Robert Harris borne 14 (9) 1644. 

Marah the daughter of Raph Hemingway borne 30 (2) Hemingway. 
1635 & buried 4 (3) 1635. 

John the son of Raph Hemingway borne 27 (2) 1641. 

Joshua the son of Raph Hemingway borne 9 (2) 1643. 

Joshua the sonne of Joshua Hewes borne 19 (8) 1639 Hues. 

buried 20 (10) 1639. 

Mary the daughter of Joshua Hues borne 29 (10) 1641. 

Joshua the sonne of Joshua Hues borne 25 (3) 1644. 

Nathaniel son of Georg Holms borne 1 (12) 1639. Holms. 

Deborah the daughter of George Holms borne 31 (11) 
1641 buried 5 (12) 1641. 

Sarah the daughter of George Holms borne 7(11) 1643. 

Isaac the sonne of Abraham How borne 24 (4) 1639. How. 

Deborah the daughter of Abraham How borne 4 (7) 
1641. 

Israel son of Abraham How borne 7 (5) 1644. 

John the sonne of Isaac Johnson borne 3 (9) 1639. Johnson. 

Mary the daughter of Isaac Johnson borne 24 (2) 1642. 

Isaac son of Isaac Johnson borne 7 (11) 1643. 

Mehetabell daughter of Humphrey Johnson borne (7) 
1644. 

Elisabeth the wife of Thomas Lamb buried 28 (9) Lamb. 

1639. 

A yong infant of Thomas Lambs buried 28 (9) 1639. 



184 



Early Records of Boston. 



[April. 



Caleb the sonn of Thomas Lamb borne 9 (2) 1641. 

Joshua sonn of Thomas Lamb borne 28 (9) 1642. 

Elisabeth the wife of John Levins buried 10 (8) 1638. Levins. 

John the sonne of John Levins borne 27 (2) 1640. 

Peter the sonne of John Levins borne 11 (7) 1644 
buried 15 (11) 1644. 

Caleb sonne of John Levins borne 11 (7) 1644. 

Isaac the son of William Lewis borne 15 (2) 1644. Lewis. 

the wife of Robert Mason buried 1637. Mason. 

Gershom son of John Matthew borne 1641. Matthew. 

Elisabeth daughter of John Matthew borne 1643. 

Hanna daughter of Phillip Meadowes borne 1 (12) Meadoives. 
1642. 

Hanna the daughter of James Morgan borne 18 (5) Morgan. 

1642. 

Isaac y e son of Isaac Morrell borne 26 (9) 1632 & Morrell. 

buried (11) 1632. 

Issac y e son of Isaac Morrell borne 5 (12) 1633. 

Abraham y e son of Isaac Morrell borne 6 (4) 1640. 

Hanna y e daughter of Isaac Morrell borne 16 (7) 1636. 

Elisabeth y e daughter of Isaac Morrell borne (3) 1638. 

Mary y e wife of Robert Onion buried 4 (2) 1643. Onion. 

An infant also of Robert Onions buried in the 2 month 
1643. 

Theoda y e daughter of William Park borne 2 (6) 1637. Parke. 

Hanna y e daughter of William Park borne 28 (6) 1639. 

Martha y e daughter of William Park borne 2 (1) 1641. 

Sarah y e daughter of William Parks borne 19 (9) 1643. 

Joseph y e sonne of Joseph Patching borne 14 (2) 1643. Patching. 

John the son of Joseph Patching borne 20 (10) 1644. 

Elisabeth y e daughter of Giles Pason borne 3 (12) 1639. Pason. 

buried 8 (2) 1639. 

Samuel y e son of Giles Pason borne 7 (9) 1641. 

Elisabeth y e daughter of Giles Pason borne 4 (12) 1644. 

Marah y e daughter of Edward Pason borne 2 (7) 1641. 

Anna the wife of Edward Pason buried 10 (7) 1641. 

John son of Edward Pason borne 11 (4) 1643. 

Jonathan y e son of Edward Pason borne 19 (10) 1644. 

Samuel y e son of Richard Peacock borne 18 (12) 1639. Peacock. 

Caleb y e son of Richard Peacock borne 1 (1) 1641. 

Dorcas y e daughter of Christopher Peake borne 1 (1) Peake. 

1639. 

Hanna y e daughter of Christopher Peake borne 25 (11) 
1642. 

Joseph y e sonne of Christopher Peake borne 15 (12) 
1644. 

William y e sonne of William Perkins borne 12 (8) Perkins. 

1639. bvried 23 (10) 1639. 

John y e son of John Perry borne 7 (7) 1639. Perry. 

John Perry a householder dyed 21 (7) 1642. / 

Martha y e daughter of Thomas Pigg borne 12 (1) 1642. Pigg- 

Thomas Pigg a householder dyed 30 (10) 1643. 

Hanna ye daughter of Edward Porter borne 16 (8) 1639. Porter. 

Mary y e daughter of Edward Porter borne 29 (3) 1642. 

Joseph the son of Edward Porter borne 25 (3) 1644. 



1852.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 185 

ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS IN THE PROBATE 

OFFICE, PLYMOUTH. 

[Communicated by Mr. Justin Winsor, of Boston. 
[Continued from Vol. VI. page 96.] 

John Fish. (Sandwich.) 

Inventory on oath of Mrs. Cecelia Fish, by Richard Bourn and Nalh 1 
Fish, Nov. 18, 1663. 



Zacarya Soule. (Duxbury.) 

Inventory taken on oath of his widow Margaret, Dec. 11, 1663, by John 
Alden and Constant Southworth. 



Thomas Ensign. (Scituate.) 

Inventory, 17 Feb. 1663, (£71. 9s.) by Nic. Baiter, Edw. Jenkins, and 
Isaac Buck. 



George Lewis, Sen. (Barnstable.) 
Will exhibited at court 3 Mar. 1663. To his wife Mary ; to sons 
Ephraim, George, Thomas, James, Edward and John ; to daughter 
Sarah. Witnessed by Thomas Allin and Wm. Casley. 



Thomas Ensign. (Scituate.) 

Will dated July 16, 1663. To wife Elizabeth, his house. To son 
John. To daughters Hannah and Sarah. To Sarah Underwood, his 
wife's sister's daughter, when she becomes 15 yrs of age. Witnessed 
by Timothy Hatherly and Nic. Baker. 



Thomas Bourn. (Marshfield.) 

Will dated May 2, 1664. To daughters Martha Bradford, Anne Smith, 
and Margaret Winsloiv. To son Nath 1 Tilden. To daughter Lydia 
Tilderts daughter Lydia. To John, Thomas, Joseph, and Robert 
Waterman. To Mr. Arnold. Makes his son John his right heir, 
and Executor of the will. Witnessed by Sam 1 Arnold, and Anthony 
Snow. 

Inventory (£138. 14s. 2d.) by Sergt. Joseph Riddle. A. Snow, and 
Thomas Doged. 



James Pitney. (Marshfield.) 

Nuncupative will by John Bradford (who was made overseer) and John 
Bourn, March 14, 1663. The testator aged 80 years. Leaves his 
property to his sons John Thomas, Sen., and James Pitney, and daugh- 
ters Abigail and Sarah Thomas, (and her children) who was made 
executrix of the will. 

Inventory taken March 21, 1663. Am't £31. 9s. 



Lt. James Wyatt. (Taunton.) 

Inventory by Rich 1 Williams, and Walter Deane, July 27, 1664. 
Am't. £232. 7s. 3d. Debts £65. 

24 



186 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [Jan. 

Thomas Bird. (Scituate.) 

Will, To Gershom, son of Anthony Dodson, of S, his two dwel- 
ling houses, and land betw. Tho. Oldham's and John Bisbee's, he 
paying to the church of Marshfield 20 shillings a year — To Jonathan 
Dodson, brother of G, — To the 3 daughters of A. Dodson — To Mr. 
Wm. Witherell, minister of S — To kinsman Rob 1 Marshall — To Wm. 
Brooks, of S — To John son of Elisha Bisbee — To James Torrey, 
Sen r — To Deborah Bunden (?) — Makes his wife Ann residuary lega- 
tee. Feb. 4* 1663. 

Overseers. Witnesses. 

Wm. Witherell, Thomas Oldham, 

Jas. Torrey. John Hammer (mark) 

Inventory taken July 8, 1664. (£211. Is. Od.) by Thomas Kinge, John 
Ottis, John Hollett, his mark. 



Tho. Lumbert. (Barnstable.) 

Mar. 23 d , 1662-3, his will. To his wife— Son Caleb, his house— To 
sons Jedediah and Benjamin — It mentions that he formerly gave prop- 
erty to his sons Barnard, Joshua, Joseph, and his son in law Edw. Cole- 
man. It mentions his daughter Margaret Coleman. — His grandchild 
Abigail. 
Witnesses, John Gorum and Barnard Lumbert. 

June 10, 1663, Will again acknowledged by testator before Anthony 
Thacher and Tho. Thornton. 

Inventory at Court Mar. 7, 1664, on oath of Joyce Lumbert, widow. — 
Taken Feb. 8, 1664. £210. 85. 6d. 

By Henry Cobb, John Gorum, Nath 1 . Bacon. 



Go win White. 
Inventory, 8 Dec. 1664. — Exhibited on oath of Timothy and Joseph 
White. £59. lbs. Od. 

Taken by Isaac Barker and James Cudworth. 



Anna Vinall. (Scituate.) 
Inventory. She d. 6 Oct. 1664. On oaths of Stephen and John Vinall. 
£87. 10s. lOdf. (excepting lands). By Nic. and Nat. Baker. 



William Shepheard. (Taunton.) 

Inventory of goods left at house of Tho. Jones, of T. Feb. 27, 1664. 
By Walter Deane, Geo. Hall and Nic. White. 



Cornelius. (Barnstable.) 
Inventory of a certain Irishman, named Cornelius, who d. at B. 15 Dec. 
1664. £1. 18s. 6d. Debts, £1. 12. 0. By Barnard Lumbert. 



Richard Ormsby. (Rehoboth.) 
Inventory, 3d, 5 mo, 1664. £45. 14 s 6 d - 



Thomas Bowen. (Rehoboth.) 

Will, 11 April, 1663, late of New London, in Connecticut. To son 
Richard — To wife Elizabeth — His wife executrix — To his brother Oba- 
diah Bowen. 

Witness, Daniel Smith. 



Abstract of the earliest Wills. 187 

John Walker. (Marshfield.) 

Inventory Dec. 2S, 1663, £57. 9s. M. By Wm. Foard and John 
Bourn. Lydia, his widow, took oath. His daughters Lydia, Martha 
and Mary, mentioned, not of age. 



Francis Street. (Taunton.) 

Inventory, June 3d, 1665. £42. 19 s - By Wm. Harvey, Edw. Bab- 
bitt, Jona. Briggs. His widow Elizabeth, took oath. 



Jonas Pickles. (Scituate.) 

Will, nuncupative. By Lydia Springe and Hanah Ganett, wife of 
Matthew Ganett. To his wife and children. Dec. 15, 1664. 

Inventory, Dec. 15, 1665. £79. 2. 0. By Edw. Jenkins and Isaac 
Chetenden. 



Lt. James Torrey. 

Inventory 15th Sept., 1665, on oath of his widow Ann. £102. Is. Od. 
By James Cudworth, Thos. King, John Cushen, and Joseph Tilden. 



Nicholas Miller alias Hodgis. 

Will, Oct. 24, 1665. To Peter Reife— To John Hoskins and Wm. 
Hoskins, Jr. — To Mary Cobb and Daniel Ramsden, and Hannah Reife. 
Inventory, Oct. 31, 1665. By Jas. Cole, Jr. and Jona. Shaw. 



Thomas Howes. (Yarmouth.) 

Will, 26th Sept., 1665. To sons Joseph, Thomas and Jeremy — To 
wife Mary. 

Witnesses, Tho. Thornton, Antlwny Thacher. 

Inventory, 18th Oct., 1665. £242. 14. 0. Mistress Mary Howes, 
widow, took oath. 



Margaret Hickes. (Plymouth.) 

Will, July 8, 1665 ; widow. To son Samuel ; daughter-in-law, Lydia ; 
son Samuel's chd ; son Ephraim, now deceased. To grand child John 
Banges. To the son of her son-in-law, George Watson, husband of her 
da Phebe, dec. 

Geo. Watson, ) q 

Capt. ffyuthworth, ) 

Inventory 5th March, 1665. By Capt. S. and John Morton. £53. 
12s. 6d. 



Timothy Hatherly. (Scituate.) 

Will. To wife Lydia — To Edw. Jenkins, his wife and chd — To 
Nic Wade, his wife and chd — To Susanna, wife of Wm. Brooks, and 
her children — To Timothy and Elizabeth Foster — To Mr. Tho. Han- 
ford — To Fear Robinson, " now the wife of Samuel Baker," and to the 
other three chd of Isaac Robinson, John, Isaac and Mercy. To 
Lydia Ganett, his wife's daughter, and her four chd. To George 
Sutton, his wife and chd. — To the wife of Wm. Basset, his wife's 
daughter — To widow Preble, his wife's daughter — To Lydia and Thom- 
as Lapham — To Stephen Tilden, and Nic Baker — To his man, Tho. 



188 Abstract of the earliest Wills. 

Savory — To Lydia, daughter of Wm. Hatch — Makes Joseph Tilden, 
residuary legatee. Sept. 20, 1664. Witnessed by Nic Baker and 
Isaac Chettenden. 



Mr. John Joyce. (Yarmouth.) 

Will, 20 Nov., 1666. To Dorothy, his wife. To Hosea Joyce his 
only son. To his two daughters Mary and Dorias (?) — To Rev. Tho. 
Thornton and Rich d Taylor. 

Witnesses, Tho. Thornton and Anthony Thacher. 

Postscript names Thacher ■, Edmund Hawes and Andrew Hallett, as 
overseers. 

Inventory 18th, 12th mo. 1666. £232. 1. 0. 



Edward Dillingham. 

Will. To sons Henry and John Dillingham. May 1st., 1666. 
Witnesses, Stephen Wing, Wm. Griffith (?) and John Newland. 
Inventory by Stephen Wing and Stephen Skiffe. 



Wm. Bassett, Sen. (Bridgewater.) 

Will, 3d, 2 mo., 1667. To his wife his moveables. To his son Wil- 
UairCs son — To son Joseph. 

Witnesses, Wm. Brett and John Carey. 

Inventory, May 12, 1667. His relict Mary took oath. 



Timothy Hatherly. (Scituate.) 

Inventory Nov. 9, 1666. £224. 12. 8. By John Hollett, Rodolphus 
Elmes and J as. Cudworth, Senr. 

Letters of administration granted to Joseph Tilden. 



William Hack. 

Inventory on oath of Mary Hack, his wife, June 1, 1667. £35. 3s. Od. 

Thomas Linton of Taunton, testifies, that said H., when he left for 
England, promised to return to his wife in the summer following. 
Henry Andrews the same. Robt. Thornton, being in Boston, two 
years ago, was told by a seaman from London, who knew said H. there, 
that he, said H., was married. Signed May 31, 1667. 



John Paybody. (Duxbury.) 

Will, 16 July, 1649. To eldest son Thomas, second son Francis and 
youngest son William. To his da Annis Rouse — To John, son of 
of John Rouse, his land at Causwell, after his wife's death. To John, 
son of William — To his wife Isabel. 

Witness, John Fernessyde. 

Boston, April 27, 1667. Said F. took oath to the will. 



Tristrum Hull. (Barnstable.) 
Will, Dec. 20, 1666. To son Joseph— To his wife Blanch— To 
chd, John, Mary, Sarah, Hannah. To Robert Davis. 
Witnesses, Mark Ridley and Matthew Fuller. 
His Inventory by Barnabas Lathrop and John Crocker. 



Thomas Ewer. (Sandwich.) 
Inventory, May 31, 1667. His widow Hannah took oath. £30. 3s. 6d. 



1852.] 



Subscribers to Prince's Chronology. 



189 



SUBSCRIBERS TO PRINCE'S CHRONOLOGY. 



The individuals, whose names are given in the following list, may be 
justly regarded as the principal Literati of New England, who nourished 
about the beginning of the last century. The great majority of them 
were born before 1700, some of them as early as 1670, and some even 
earlier than that. 

The attention of antiquaries has been called to this list in former 
numbers of this Periodical. Several communications have been received, 
giving satisfactory accounts of many of the individuals named in the 
list, which it is intended hereafter to publish in the Register ; and thus, 
from time to time, to continue the work, until some account of them all 
shall be published. It may be proper to state, that their pedigree is spe- 
cially desired, and that of their immediate descendants, if they left any. 

To carry this work into effect, the cooperation of friends is ardently 
desired ; and it is sincerely hoped and expected, that all who can, will, 
at an early day, send in such notes on any of these names as they have 
collected. Let no one withhold what he may have, because it is incom- 
plete, as the matter so withheld may be all that is needed to make what 
is already on hand, complete. s. g. d. 



A LIST of the SUBSCRIBERS. 



His Excellency JONATHAN BEL- 
CHER, Esq. Captain General and 
Governor in Chief over His Ma- 
jesty 's Provinces of the Massachu- 
setts Bay and New Hampshire in 
New England, (for Six.) 

The Honourable Spencer Phipps, 
Esq. Lieut. Governour of the Mas- 
sachusetts, (for Tivo.) 

The Honourable William Dummer, 
Esq. late Lieut. Governour of the 
Masssachusetts. 

A. 

Abbe, Richard, Esq. of Windham. 
Abbot, The Rev. Mr. Hull, of 

Charlestown. 
* Abbot, Mr. Moses. 
Adams, Mr. Abijah. 
Adams, Jedidiah, M. A. 
Adams, The Rev. Mr. John. 



Adams, Mr. John, of Wrentham, 

(for Six.) 
Adams, Mr. Matthew. 
Adams, Samuel, Esq. 
Adams, William, of New London, 

M.A. 
Alford, The Hon. John, Esq., (for 

Six.) 
Allen, The Rev. Mr. Benjamin. 
Allen, Mr. Bozoune, jun. Printer. 
Allen, Mr. Jeremiah, of Marblehead, 

Merchant. 
Allen, Jeremiah, Student at Har- 
vard College. 
Allin, The Rev. Mr. James, of 

Brooklin. 
Almy, Job, of Tiverton, Esq. 
Ames, Mr. Nathanael, of Dedham. 
Appleton, The Rev. Mr. Nathanael, 

of Cambridge. 
Armitage,C#p£. Jonathan, Merchant. 



190 



/Subscribers to Princes Chronology. 



[April 



Arnold, Edward, of Duxbury, Esq. 

Atwater, Mr. Jonathan, of New Ha- 
ven, (for Six.) 

Austin, Mr. Joseph, Jr., of Charles- 
town. 

Avery, The Rev.Mr. John, of Truro. 

Avery, John, M. A., Merchant. 

B. 

Babbidge, Mr. Benjamin, (for Two.) 

Badger, Mr. Stephen, of Charles- 
town. 

^Ballantine, John, Esq. 

Balch, The Rev. Mr. Thomas, of 
Dedham. 

Balch, The Rev. Mr. William, of 
Bradford. 

Banks, Mr. John. 

Barnard, The Rev. Mr. John, of 
Marblehead. 

Barnard, Mr. Matthew. 

Barret, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, of 
Hopkinston. 

Bass, The Rev. Mr. Benjamin, of 
Hanover. 

Baxter, The Rev. Mr. Joseph, of 
Medfield. 

Baxter, Mr. Gregory, of Braintree. 

Baxter, Mr. Thomas. 

Bayley, Mr. Samuel. 

Beal, Mr. Elisha, of Hingham, (for 
Two.) 

Bean, Mr. Joseph, of Cambridge. 

Becham, Mr. John. 

Beck, Mr. Joshua, of Newbury. 

Belcher, Andrew, Esq. (for Tivo.) 

Belcher, Jonathan, Esq. Counsellor 
at Laio of the Middle Temple, 
London. 

Belknap, Mr. Jeremiah, (for Three.) 

Berry, The Hon. Thomas, of Ips- 
wich, Esq. 

Bethune, Nathaniel, B. A. 

Billings, Mr. John. 

Billings, Mr. Richard. 

^Billings, The Rev. Mr. William, 
of Windham. 

Bixby, Mr. Jonathan, of Boxford, 
(for Two.) 

Blake, Mr. James, of Dorchester. 

Blake, Mr. John. 

Blanchard, Capt. Joseph, of Dun- 
stable. 

Blanchard, Mr. Joshua. 

Bollan, William, Esq. 



Blower, Pyam, M. A. Merchant, (for 
Tivo.) 

Booth, Mr. Edmund, of Stratford, 
(for Six.) 

Borland, Francis, Esq. (for Six.) 

Bosson, William, of Roxbury, M. A. 
(for Tiuo.) 

Bourn, The Hon. Melatiah, of Sand- 
wich, Esq. 

Bourn, The Rev. Mr. Joseph, of 
Sandwich. 

Bourn, The Rev. Mr. Shearjashub, 
of Scituate. 

Boutineau, Mr. Stephen, Merchant. 

Bowdoin, William, B. A. Merchant. 

Bowen, Capt. Thomas, of Rehoboth. 

Bowles, John, of Roxbury, (for Six.) 

Boydell, John, Esq. (for Six.) 

Boy]ston, Mr. Thomas. 

Boylston, Dr. Zabdiel, F. R. S. 

^Boylston, Zabdiel, jun. M. A. 

Bradford, Mr. James. 

Bradford, Mr. Joseph, (for Tivo.) 

Bradstreet, Simon, jun. of Charles- 
town, M. A. 

Brandon, Mr. Joseph, Merchant. 

Brattle, William, of Cambridge, Esq. 

Breck, Mr. John. 

Breed, Mr.Ephraim, of Charlestown. 

Bridge, Ebenezer, B.A. (for Two.) 

Bridgham, Joseph, M.A. (for Six.) 

Bridgham, Mr. Samuel, (for Two.) 

Brigden, Mr. Michael, of Charles- 
town . 

Brinley, Francis, Esq. 

Brintnall, Mr. John. 

*Brintnall, Thomas, M. A. 

Bromfield, Mr. Edward, Merchant. 

Browne, Benjamin, of Salem, Esq. 
(for Tivo.) 

Brown, The Rev. Mr. John, of Ha- 
verhill. 

Brown, Josiah, B. A. 

Brown, Mr. Simeon, of Salisbury, 
(for Tivo.) 

Browne, William, of Salem, M. A. 
Merchant, (for Two.) 

Brown, Mr. William, of Newport. 

Bryant, Lemuel, Student at Har- 
vard College. 

Buckley, Mr. Richard, Merchant. 

Bulkley, John, of Colchester, Esq. 

*Bulkley, The Rev. Mr. John, of 
Colchester. 

Bumstead, Mr. Jeremiah. 



1852.] 



Subscribers to Princes Chronology. 



191 



Bull, The Rev. Mr. Nehemiah, of 

Westfield. 
Bunker, Mr. Benjamin. 
Burr, Mr. Samuel, of Charlestown. 
Burril, The Hon. Theophilus, of 

Lynn, Esq. 
Burt, John, B. A. 
Bushel, Mr. John, Printer. 
Byles, The Rev. Mr. Mather. 

C. 

Cabbot, The Rev. Mr. Marston, of 

Killingly. 
^Caldwell, Mr. John, of Hartford, 

Merchant, [for Six.) 
Call, Mr. Caleb, of Charlestown. 
Callender, The Rev. Mr. Elisha. 
Callender, Mr. John. 
Callender, The Rev. Mr. John, of 

Newport. 
Capen, Mr. Nathaniel, of Topsfield, 

(for Six.) 
Carnes, Mr. John. 
Carpenter, The Rev. Mr. Ezra, of 

Hull. 
Cary, Samuel, of Charlestown, Esq. 
Chandler, John, of Worcester, Esq. 
Chandler, The Hon. John, of Wood- 
stock, Esq. 
Chase, Josiah, Student at Harvard 

College. 
Chase, Stephen, M. A. 
Chauncy, The Rev. Mr. Charles, 

(for Two.) 
Checkley, The Rev. Mr. Samuel. 
Cheever, The Rev. Mr. Ames, of 

Manchester. 
Cheever, Ezekiel, of Charlestown, 

Esq. 
Cheever, Capt. Joshua, (for Tivo.) 
Cheney, The Rev. Mr. Thomas, of 

Brookfield. 
Chesebrough, Mr. David, of New- 
port, Merchant. 
Choat, Mr. Ebenezer, of Newbury. 
Chipman, The Rev. Mr. John, of 

Beverly. 
Church, Charles, Esq. Sheriff of the 

county of Bristol. 
Clap, Mr. Hopestill, of Dorchester. 
Clap, The Rev. Mr. Nathaniel, of 

Newport, (for Two.) 
Clap, Mr. Nehemiah, of Milton. 
Clap, The Rev. Mr. Thomas, of 

Taunton. 



Clap, Noah, of Dorchester, B. A. 

Clap, The Rev. Mr. Thomas, of 
Windham. 

Clarke, Mr. Benjamin. 

Clarke, Mr. John, Physician. 

Clarke, Mr. Jonas. 

Clark, The Rev. Mr. Ward, of King- 
ston. 

Cobb, Mr. Thomas. 

Codman, Mr. John, of Charlestown. 

Coffin, Peter, of Exeter, M. A. 

Coffin, Mr. Tristram, of Newbury, 
(for Six.) 

Coggshall, Capt. Natheniel, of New- 
port, (for Six.) 

Collens, The Rev. Mr. Timothy, of 
Litchfield. 

Collings, Mr. Daniel, of Charles- 
town. 

Collins, Mr. Henry, of Newport, 
Merchant. 

Collson, Mr. David. 

Colman, The Rev. Benjamin, D. D. 

Converse, Mr. James, of Woburn, 
(for Three.) 

Cooke, Mr. Daniel, of Newton. 

Coolidge, Mr. Amos, of Sherburn. 

Coolidge, Samuel, of Watertown, 
M.A. 

Coomer, Mr. John, of Newport, (for 
Three.) 

Cooper, The Rev. Mr. William, 
(for Two.) 

Cotta, Mr. Peter, (for Six.) 

Cotting, Capt. Elias, (for Six.) 

Cotton, The Rev. Mr. John, of New- 
ton, (for Twelve.) 

^Cotton, The Rev. Mr. Nathaniel, 
of Bristol. 

Cotton, Poland, M. A. 

Cotton, The Rev. Mr. Ward, of 
Hampton. 

Cradock, George,Esq. (for Three.) 

Crocker, Josiah, Student at Harvard 
College. 

Crosman, Mr. Nathaniel, of Taun- 
ton. 

Cunningham, Capt. Nathaniel, Mer- 
chant, (for Six.) 

Cushing, The Rev. Mr. Caleb, of 
Salisbury, (for Six.) 

Cushing, The Hon. Thomas, Esq. 

Cushing, The Hon John, of Scitu- 
ate, Esq. 

Cushing, John, jun. of Scituate,£.s7. 



192 



Subscribes to Prince's Chronology. 



[April, 



Cushing, The Rev. Mr. Job, of 
Shrewsbury, (for Six.) 

^Cushing, Nathaniel, B. A. 

Cushing, Thomas, jun. M. A., Mer- 
chant, (for Twelve.) 

Cutter, Ammi Ruhamah, M. A. 

D. 

Dana, Richard, of Marblehead,M'.A 
Dana, Mr. Samuel, of Pomfret, (for 

Six.) 
Danforth, Samuel, of Cambridge, 

Esq. 
Danill, Mr. John. 
Darrell, Mr. John. 
Dawes, Mr. Thomas, Jun. 
Dehane, Mr. Jacob, of Newport. 
Deming, Mr. Samuel. 
Dennie, Mr. John, Merchant, (for 

Two.) 
Dennis, The Rev. Mr. Josiah, of 

Yarmouth, (for Six.) 
Dennis, Mr. Michael, Bookseller. 
Dexter, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, of 

Dedham. 
Dolbeare, Mr. Benjamin, Merchant. 
Doolittle, The Rev. Mr. Benjamin, 

of Northfield. 
Downe, Capt. William, (for Two.) 
Dudley, The Hon. Paul, of Roxbury, 

Esq. (for Two.) 
Dummer, Samuel, of Wilmington, 

Esq. 
Dunbar, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, of 

Stoughton. 
Durant, Capt. Edward, of Newton. 
D wight, Mr. Jonathan, (for Six.) 
Dwight, Joseph, of Brookfield, Esq. 
Dwight, The Rev. Mr. Josiah, of 

Dedham. 
Draper, Mr. John, Printer, (for 

Six.) 
Draper, Mrs. Lydia, (for Tioo.) 
Dyar, Mr. Joseph. 

E. 

^Eastwicke, John, Esq. 

Edes, Mr. Peter, of Charlestown. 

Edwards, Mr. Joseph, Bookseller, 

(for Six.) 
Eliot, Mr. Andrew. 
Eliot, Andrew, jun., Student at 

Harvard College. 
Eliot, Mr. Benjamin, Bookseller, 

(for Six.) 



Eliot, The Rev. Mr. Jacob, of Leba- 
non, (for Six.) 

Eliot, Mr. Samuel, Bookseller, (for 
Tivelve.) 

Ellery, John, jun. M. A. Merchant. 

Emerson, Daniel, Student at Har- 
vard College. 

Emerson, Mr. Edward, jun. (for 
Three.) 

^Emerson, The Rev. Mr. John, of 
Portsmouth. 

Emerson, The Rev. Mr. John, of 
Topsfield. 

Emerson, The Rev. Mr. Joseph, of 
Maiden. 

Emmons, Mr. Jacob. 

Erving, Capt. John, Merchant. 

Eyre, John, of Portsmouth, M. A. 

F. 

Fairfield, Mr. William, jun. 

Farnum, David, Student at Har- 
vard College. 

Fayerweather, John, Esq. 

Fenwicke, Mr. William, Merchant. 

Fessenden, The Rev. Mr. Benjamin, 
of Sandwich, (for Three.) 

Fessenden, Mr. Josiah, of Cam- 
bridge. 

Fessenden, Stephen, Student at 
Harvard College. 

Feveryear, Mr. Grafton, (for Six.) 

Fiske, Mr. John, of Haddam, (for 
Six.) 

Fiske, Mr. Nathan, of Watertown, 
(for Six.) 

Fiske, The Rev. Mr. Phinehas, of 
Haddam, (for Two.) 

Fiske, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, of 
Salem. 

Fitch, Benjamin, Jun. M. A. 

*Fitch, John, M. A. (for Three.) 

^Fitch, John, of Newbury, M. A. 
(for Tioo.) 

Fitch, Mr. Joseph. 

Fleet, Mr. Thomas, Printer, (for 
Six,) 

Flegg, Mr. Benjamin, jun. of Wor- 
cester. 

Flego-, Mr. Ebenezer, of Woburn, 
M.A. 

Fletcher, Mr. Francis, of Concord. 

Flint, John, Esq. of Concord. 

Flucker, Capt. James, of Charles- 
town. 



1852.] 



Subscribers to Princes Chronology. 



193 



Flynt, Henry, Esq. Fellow of Har- 
vard College. 

Forsyth, Ca/tf .Alexander, Merchant. 

Fosdick, Mr. James. 

Foster, Mr. Hopestill, Bookseller, 
(for Twelve.) 

Foster, Richard, Esq. Sheriff of 
Middlesex. 

Foster, Mr. Thomas, (for Tivo.) 

Fowle, Mr. Daniel, Printer. 

Foxcroft, The Hon. Francis, of Cam- 
bridge, Esq. (for Two.) 

Foxcroft, The Rev. Mr. Thomas. 

Foye, William, Esq. Treasurer of 
the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay. 

Foye, Mr. William, Junr. 

Francis, Mr. Abraham, Merchant. 

Franklin, Mr. John. 

Franklin, Mr. Josiah, (for Two.) 

Frazer, Mr. Gershom, (for Two.) 

Freeman, Enoch, M. A. Merchant. 

Frink, The Rev. Mr. Thomas, of 
Rutland. 

Frost, Mr. Joseph, of Charlestown. 

Frost, Mr. Joseph, of Charlestown. 

Frost, Simon, M. A. Deputy Secre- 

* tary. 

Frothingham, Mr. John, of Charles- 
town. 

Frothingham, Capt. Samuel, of 
Charlestown. 

Fry, Mr. Richard, of Stroudwater. 

Fuller, Mr. Edward, of Newton. 

Fuller, Mr. Jonathan, of Newton. 

Fuller, Mr. Joseph, of Newton. 

G. 

Gale, Mr. Joseph. 

Gardner, The Rev. Mr. James, of 

Marshfield. 
Gardner, John, M. A. 
Gardner, Joseph, M. A. 
Gardner, Mr. Richard, of Roxbury, 

(for Six.) 
Gardner, Mr. Samuel, Merchant. 
Gardner, Mr. Samuel, Merchant. 
Gardner, Mr. Nathaniel. 
Gatcombe, Mr. Francis, Merchant. 
Gay, The Rev. Mr. Ebenezer, of 

Hingham. 
Gay, Ebenezer, Student at Harvard 

College. 
Gee, The Rev. Mr. Joshua, (for 

Three.) 

25 



Gedney, Mr. Bartholomew. 

Gerrish, Mr. John, of Salem. 

Gerrish, Mr. John, jun. 

Gerrish, Joseph, of Newbury, Esq. 

Gibbs, Mr. Henry. 

Gibbs, Henry, jun. of Cambridge, 
M.A. 

Gibbs, Robert, of Providence. Esq. 

Gilman, Mr. Josiah, of Exeter, Phy- 
sician. 

Gilman, Nicholas, of Exeter, M. A. 

Gilman, Capt. Peter, of Exeter. 

Gilman, Mr. Nathanael, of Exeter. 

Gilman, Capt. Samuel, of Exeter. 

Goddard, The Hon. Edward, of Fra- 
mingham, Esq. 

GofFe, Capt. Daniel. 

Goldsmith, Mr. Richard. 

Goldthwait, Mr. Ezekiel, (for Six.) 

Goldthwait, Mr. Thomas. 

Gooch, Capt. James, jun. 

Goodwill, Mr. Thomas, 

Goodwin. Mr. Nathanael. 

^Gookin, The Rev. Mr. Nathanael, 
of Hampton, (for Six.) 

^Grainger, Mr. Samuel. 

Grant, Mr. Samuel, (for Two.) 

Gray, Mr. Benjamin, Bookseller. 

Gray, Ellis, B. A. (for Ttvo.) 

Gray, Mr. William, Bookseller, (for 
Three.) 

Greaves, Thomas, of Charlestown, 
Esq. 

Green, John, M. A. 

Green, Mr. Jonas, of Philadelphia, 
Printer. 

Green, The Rev. Mr. Joseph, of 
Barnstable. 

Green, Joseph, M. A. Merchant. 

Green, Mr. Nathanael, of New Lon- 
don. 

Green, Mr. Timothy, of New Lon- 
don, Printer, (for Twelve.) 

Green, Mr. Timothy, Printer, (for 
Tivelve. 

Greenleaf, Stephen, M. A. 

Greenough, Mr. Thomas. 

Greenleaf, Mr. William. 

Greenwood, The Rev. Mr. John, of 
Rehoboth, (for Six.) 

Greenwood, Isaac, M. A. Hollisian 
Professor of the Mathematicks, 
&c. at Harvard College. 

Greenwood, Mr. Nathaniel. 

Greenwood, Samuel, Esq. 



194 



Subscribers to Prince's Chronology. 



[April, 



Gridley, Jeremiah, M. A. 
Griggs, Mr. William. 

H. 

Hale, The Rev. Mr. James, of Ash- 
ford. 

Hale, Nathan, Student at Harvard 
College. 

Hale, Robert, of Beverly, Esq. 

Hall, Elihu, of Wallingford, M.A. 

Hall, Hu<?h, Esq. 

Hall, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, of New 
Cheshire, (for Six.) 

Hall, Stephen, of Charlestown,!^, 

Hallowell, Mr. Benjamin, (for Two.) 

Hancock, Mr. Thomas, Merchant, 
(fen- Six.) 

Harman, Mr. Joseph, of York, 

Harrison, Mr. Charles, Bookseller, 
(for Three.) 

Harris, Mr. Peter, of New London. 

Hasey, Mr. Nathaniel. 

Haven, Elias, M. A. of Hopkinson. 

Hays, Mr. William, of Charlestown, 
Apothecary. 

Hay ward, Mr. Nathanael. 

Hazzen, Mr. Richard, jun. of Hav- 
erhill, (for Two.) 

Hearsey, Mr. Israel. 

Heath, Joseph, of Roxbury, Esq. 

Helyer, Mr. John. 

Hemenway, Mr. Ebenezer, of Fra- 
mingham. 

Henchman, Capt. Daniel. 

Henchman, The Rev. Mr. Nathan- 
ael, of Lyn. 

Hendly, Mr. Samuel, of Charles- 
town, Merchant, (for Tioo.) 

Henley, Mr. Charles. 

Hehshaw, Mr. Daniel, (for Two.) 

Hickling, Mr. William. 

Hide, Mr. William, of Newton. 

Hiorcrins, Mr. Thomas, of Bellinc:- 
ham. 

Hill, Mr. Thomas, Merchant. 

Hobart, The Rev. Mr. Nehemiah, of 
Hingham. 

Hobart, The Rev. Mr. Noah, of 
Fairfield. 

Holberton, Mr. William, Merchant, 
(for Six.) 

Holmes, Mr. George, (for Six.) 

Holmes, Mr. Nathanael, (for 
Twelve.) 

Holyoke, Mr. John. 



Holt, James, Student at Harvard 
College. 

Holyoke, Mr. Samuel. 

Hopkins, Mr. Joseph, of Charles- 
town. 

Hovey, Mr. Amos, of Newton. 

Hovey, Mr. James, of Plimouth. 

Howard, Abiel, of Bridgwater, M. A. 

Hubbard, Capt. Isaac, of Long-Isl- 
and, (for Six.) 

Hubbard, Nathanael, of Bristol, Esq. 

Hubbard, Mr. Richard. 

Hubbard, Thomas, M. A. Merchant, 
(for Two.) 

^Huggins, Mr. John, of Springfield, 
(for Six.) 

Hull, Mr. Eliphalet, of Fairfield, 
(for Three.) 

Humphrey, Mr. James, of Wey- 
mouth. 

Hunt, Mr. Jabez. 

Hunt, John, Esq. (for Six.) 

Hunt, John, B. A. 

Hunt, Mr. Samuel, of Billerica. 

Huntington, Mr. Hezekiah, of Nor- 
wich, Merchant, (for Twelve.) 

Hurd, Mr. Jacob, of Charlestown. 

Hurd, Mr. Jacob, Goldsmith, (for 
Six.) 

Hutchinson, Francis, B. A. 

Hutchinson, Thomas, Jun. M. A. 
Merchant. 

Hutchinson, The Hon. Thomas, Esq. 

Hutchinson, The Hon. Edward, Esq. 
Treasurer of Harvard College. 



Jackson, Edward, M. A. (for Tivo.) 
Jackson, Mr. Joseph. 
Jackson, Mr. Thomas, jun. 
Jarvis, Mr. Leonard, Merchant, (for 

TlL'O.) 

Jefferds, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, of 
Wells. 

Jeffries, The Hon. John, Esq. 

Jeffries, David, M. A. Merchant. 

Jenison, The Rev. Mr. William, of 
Salem. 

Jenner, Thomas, of Charlestown, 
Esq. 

Johnson, Mr. Isaac, of Charlestown. 

Johnson, Mr. Thomas. 

Johnson, Mr. Thomas, of Middle- 
town. 

Jones, Mr. Elisha, of Weston. 



1352.] 



Subscribers to Prince's Chronology. 



195 



Jones, Mr. Ephraim, of Concord, 

(for Six.) 
Jones, John, of Hopkinston, Esq. 

K. 

Kenrick, Mr. Caleb, of Newton. 

Kent, Capt. Ebenezer, of Charles- 
town. 

Kent, Mr. John, of Suffield. 

Kettle, Mr. James, of Charlestown. 

Kettle, Mr. William, of Charlestown. 

Keyes, Mr. Gershom, Merchant, 
(for Six.) 

Kilcup, Mr. Dudson. 

Kimbal, Mr. Jonathan, of Wenham. 

King, Mr. Constant, of Long-Island, 
(for Three.) 

Kingsbery, Mr. Eleazer, of Need- 
ham, (for Six.) 

Kneeland, Mr. John, jun. 

Kneeland, Mr. Samuel, Printer. 

L. 

Larrabee, Capt. John, Lieutenant of 
Castle William. 

Leavitt, Dudley, Student at Har- 
vard College. 

Leavitt, Mr. Hezekiah, of Hingham. 

LeBaron, Mr. Lazarus, of Plimouth, 
Physician. 

Lee, Henry, of Worcester, Esq. 

Lee, Mr. John, of Lime. 

Lee, Joseph, M. A., Merchant. 

Le'Mercier, the Rev. Mr. Andrew, 
(for Two.) 

Lemmon, Joseph, of Charlestown, 
Esq. 

Leonard, Elkanah, of Middlebor- 
ough, Esq. 

Leonard, Mr. Zephaniah, of Rayn- 
ham, (for Six.) 

Lewis, the Hon. Ezekiel, Esq. (for 
Six. 

Lewis, Mr. Joseph. 

Lewis, the Rev. Mr. Daniel, of Pem- 
broke. 

Lewis, Josiah, Student at Harvard 
College. 

Lewis, the Rev. Mr. Isaiah, of East- 
ham. 

Lewis, the Rev. Mr. Samuel, of Col- 
chester, (for Six.) 

Lhommedieu, Mr. Benjamin, of 
Long Island. 

Lillie, Mr. Theophilus, Merchant. 



Lincoln, Benjamin, of Hingham, Esq. 

Lincoln, Mr. Ebenezer, of Hingham. 

Little, Mr. Benjamin, of Newbury, 
(for Six.) 

Livermore, Mr. Thomas, of Water 
town. 

Lloyd, Mr. Henry, Merchant. 

Lombard, Solomon, of Province- 
town, M. A. (for Six.) 

Lord, the Rev. Mr. Benjamin, of 
Norwich, (for Six.) 

Loring, Mr. Benjamin, of Hingham. 

Loring, Caleb, of Hull, Esq, 

Loring, Mr, Daniel. 

Loring, Mr. John, of Hull. 

Loring, Mr. Jonathan, (for Tivo.) 

Loring, the Rev. Mr. Israel, of Sud- 
bury. 

Loring, Mr. Nathanael, jun. Mer- 
chant. 

Lorkin, Mr. William, of Leicester, 
(for Six.) 

Lovett, Mr. Joseph, of Chelmsford. 

Lowell, Mr. Michael. 

Luce, Mr. Peter, Merchant. 

Lunt, Joseph, Student at Harvard 
College. 

Lutwyche, Mr. Edward. 

Lyde, By field, Esq. (for Two.) 

Lyman, Capt. Caleb, 

Lynde, Benjamin, jun. of Salem. 
Esq, (for Six.) 

M. 

Maccarty, Thaddeus, Student at 
Harvard College. 

Majory, Capt. Joseph, of Marble- 
head, Merchant. 

Manson, Capt. James, of Kittery, 
(for Four.) 

Manson, Mr. John. 

Manson, Mr. Samuel, of Ports- 
mouth, (for Four.) 

March, the Rev. Mr. Edmund, of 
Almsbury, (for Three.) 

Marsh, Thomas, of Hingham, M.A. 

^Marshall, Mr. John, of Braintree. 

Marshall, Mr. John, Merchant, (for 
Six.) 

Marshfield, Israel, of Springfield, 
Esq. 

Mason, Mr. David. 

Mason, Thaddeus, of Charlestown, 
M.A. 

Maverick, Mr. John, (for Six.) 



196 



Subscribers to Prince's Chronology. 



[April, 



Mather, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, (for 
Three.) 

Mayhew, The Rev. Mr. Experience, 
of Chilmark, (for Six.) 

Mayhew, Joseph, M. A. 

Maylem, John, M. A. (for Three.) 

Mead, Mr. John, of Southborough. 

Messenger, the Rev. Mr. Henry, of 
Wrentham, (for Two.) 

Metcalfe, Mr. Eliezer, of Provi- 
dence, (for Six.) 

Metcalfe, John, of Dedham, Esq. 

Metcalfe, Mr. Jonathan, of Lebanon, 
(for Six.) 

Middleton, Mr. Alexander, Mer- 
chant, (for Two.) 

Miller, Mr. Richard, of Charles- 
town. 

Minot, Mr. George, Merchant. 

Minot, Mr. James, Merchant. 

Moffatt, Mr. Thomas. 

Moody, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, of 
York. 

Morse, Ebenezer, Student at Har- 
vard College. 

^Morse, The Rev. Mr. Joseph, of 
Stoughton. 

Moseley, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, of 
Windham. 

Moulton, The Hon. Jeremiah, of 
York, Esq. 

Mower, Mr. Ephraim. 

Mower, Richard, Student at Har- 
vard College. 

N. 
Newell, Mr. Nathanael. 
Newman, John, Student at Harvard 

College. 
Nichols, Israel, M. A. 
Nichols, Mr. "William, 
Noyes Belcher, M. A. 
Nye, Cornelius, M. A. 

O. 

^Oakes, The Rev. Mr. Josiah, of 
Eastham, (for six.) 

Odlin, Woodbridge, student at Har- 
vard College. 

Oliver, Andrew, M. A. Merchant. 

Oliver, Mr. Brattle, Merchant. 

Oliver, Nathanael, junr. M.A. (for 
Three.) 

Oliver, Peter, M. A. Merchant, (for 
six.) 



Osborne, The Hon. John, Esq. 
Owen, The Rev.Mi. John, o/"Groton, 

in Connecticut. 
Owen, Mr. William, (for six.) 
Oxnard, Mr. Thomas, Merchant. 

P. 

Paige, Mr. Christopher, of Billerica. 

Paine, The Rev. Mr. Thomas, 

Palmer, The Hon. Thomas, Esq. 
(for two.) 

Palmer, Job, Student at Harvard 
College. 

Palmer, Samuel, of Middleborough, 
M.A. 

Papillion, Mr. Ebenezer. 

Parker, Mr. John, Bookseller, (for 
Six.) 

Parker, the Rev. Mr. Jonathan, of 
Plimpton. 

Parker, Mr. Isaac, of Charlestown. 

Parker, Mr. William, jun. of Ports- 
mouth. 

Parkman, The Rev. Mr. Ebenezer, 
of Westborough. 

Parkman, Elias, jun. Student at 
Harvard College. 

Parkman, Mr. William, (for Six.) 

Parsons, the Rev. Mr. Joseph, of 
Bradford. 

Parsons, Mr. Joseph. 

Patteshall, Richard, B. A. 

Payne, Mr. John. 

^Payson, the Rev. Mr. Edward, of 
Rowley, (for Six.) 

Payson, Mr. Joseph. 

Peabody, the Rev. Mr. Oliver, of 
Natick, (for Two.) 

Peagrum, The Hon. John, Esq. Sur- 
veyor General of his Majesty's 
Customs in North America, (for 
six.) 

Pecker, Capt. Daniel, (for Six.) 

^Pecker, Capt. James, (for Two.) 

Peirce, Josiah, B. A. 

Peirce, Mr. Moses. 

Pell, Capt. Edward, 

Pemberton, Benjamin, Esq. 

Pemberton, the Rev. Mr. Ebenezer, 
of New York. 

Penhallow, Mr. Joshua, of Ports- 
mouth, (for Two.) 

Penniman, Mr. James. 

Pepperel, The Hon. William, of Kit- 
tery, Esq. 



1852.] 



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197 



Perkins, the Rev. Mr. Daniel, of 
Bridgwater. 

Perkins, Mr. John, Physician. 

Phillips, Mr. Eleazer, of Charles- 
town, Bookseller, (for Twelve.) 

^Phillips, Henry, of Charlestown, 
Esq; 

Phillips, Mr. John, [for Six.) 

Phillips, Mr. Nicholas, jun. of 
Weymouth. 

Phillips, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, of 
Andover, (for Six.) 

Pickering, The Rev. Mr. Theophilus, 
of Ipswich. 

Pitkin, Mr. Joseph, of Hartford, 
(for Three.) 

Pitts, James, M. A. Merchant. 

Plaisted, Mr. Thomas, jun. 

Pratt, Mr. Benjamin, of Hingham. 

Prentice, The Rev. Mr. John, of 
Lancaster. 

Prentice, Joshua, Student at Har- 
vard College, (for Two.) 

Prentice, The Rev. Mr. Solomon, of 
Grafton. 

Prescot, Benjamin, of Groton, Esq. 

Price, Mr. William. 

Prince, Mr. James, of Salem. 

Prince, Capt. Joseph, of Boston. 

Prince, Capt. Joseph, of Stratford. 

Prince, Capt. Moses, (for Two.) 

Prince, Nathan. M. A. Fellow of 
Harvard College. 

Procter, Mr. John. 

Procter, Mr. Nathaniel, Bookseller, 
(for Six.) 

Pynchon, Joseph, M. A. 

Pynchon, Mr. William, of Spring- 
field, (for Six.) 

Pynchon, William, jun. of Spring- 
field, Esq. 

Q. 

Quincy , The Hon. E dmund, of Brain- 
tree, Esq. 

Quincy, The Hon. John, of Braintree, 
Esq: Speaker of the Honourable 
House of Representatives. 

R. 

Rand, Mr. William, Apothecary, 

(for Six.) 
Reed, Solomon, Student at Harvard 

College. 
Rice, Mr. John of Sudbury. 



Remington, The Hon. Jonathan, of 
Cambridge, Esq. 

Rice, Mr. Phinehas. 

Robinson, David, Student at Har- 
vard College. 

Robinson, The Rev. Mr. John, of 
Duxbury, (for Six.) 

Rockwell, Matthew, of Windsor, 
A.M. 

Rogers, Daniel, M. A. Fellow of 
Harvard College. 

Rogers, Mr. Gamaliel, Printer. 

Rogers. Mr. George, Merchant, (for 
Six.) 

Rogers, The Rev. Mr. John, of Ip- 
swich. 

Rogers, The Rev. Nathanael, of Ip- 
swich. 

Rossiter, The Rev. Mr. Ebenezer, of 
Stonington. 

Rotch, Mr. William, of Province- 
Town, (for Six.) 

Rowland, David, of Fairfield, M. A. 

Royal, Jacob, Esq. 

Ruck, John, Esq. 

Russell, Mr. Benjamin. 

Russell, Chambers, of Charlestown, 
M.A. 

Russell, Daniel, of Charlestown, 
Esq. 

Russell, Capt. Giles, of Marblehead, 
Merchant. 

Russell, Mr. Joseph. 

Russell, Mr. Thomas. 

Russell, Mr. William, of Middle- 
town, (for Two.) 

S. 
Sartle, Nathaniel, of Groton, Esq. 
Savell, Mr. John. 
Sayward, Mr. Jonathan, of York. 
Scollay, Mr. John. 
Scott, Mr. Joseph. 
Seccombe, The Rev. Mr. John, of 

Harvard. 
Seccombe, Mr. Simmons, (for 

Three.) 
Sewall, The Rev. Joseph, D. D. 
^Sewall, Mr. Jonathan. 
Sewall, Samuel, Esq. (for Six.) 
Sewall, Stephen. M. A. Fellow of 

Harvard College. 
Sheaf, Capt. Edward, Charlestown. 
Sherburn, Mr. Joseph, jun. 
Shirley, William, Esq. 



198 



Siibsgnlgrs to Prince's Chronology. 



[April 



Shurtleff, The Rev. Mr. William, of 

Portsmouth. 
Simpson, Mr. John. 
Simpson, Mr. John, (for Two.) 
Simpson, Mr. Jonathan. 
Simpson, Mr. Jonathan, jun. 
Skinner, Thomas, of Charlestown, 

M. A. 
Smith, The Rev. Mr. William, of 

Weymouth. 
Spear, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, of 

Province -Town. 
Sprague, John, Student at Harvard 

College. 
Spring, Mr. William, of Newton. 
Stacey, Mr. Samuel, of Marblehead 
Staniford, Mr. John. 
Stebbens, Mr. Jonathan, of Spring- 
^ field. 

Steel, Capt. John, Merchant. 
Steel, Samuel, Student at Yale 

College. 
Stevens, Ebenezer, of Kingston, Esq. 
Stoddard, The Hon. Anthony, Esq. 
Stone, The Rev. Mr. Nathaniel, of 

Harwich (for Two.) 
Stone, Mr. Samuel, of Sudbury. 
Storer, Mr. Ebenezer. 
Storer, The Rev. Mr. Seth, of Wa- 

tertown. 
Sturgis, Mr. Samuel, of Fairfield, 

(for Three.) 
Sturgis, Mr. Samuel, of Yarmouth, 

M. A. 
Sutton, Mr. Richard, of Charles- 
town. 
Sweetser, Seth, of Charlestown, 

M.A. 
Swetland, Mr. Benjamin, of New 

London, (for Three.) 
Swett, Mr. Benjamin, of Hartford, 

(for Six.) 
Symmes, Mr. John. 
Symmes, Mr. Thomas, of Charles- 
town. 

T. 

Taylor, The Rev. Mr. John, of Mil- 
ton. 

Tenney, Mr. Gershom. 

Thatcher, Mr. Josiah, of Norwalk. 

Thacher, Oxenbridge, M. A. 

Thacher, The Rev. Mr. Peter. 

Thacher, The Rev. Mr. Peter, of 
Middleborough. 



Thacher, Peter jun. Student at 
Harvard College. 

Thayer, Mr. Cornelius. 

^Thayer, The Rev. Mr. Ebenezer, 
of Roxbury. 

Thaxter, The Hon. Samuel, of 
Hingham, Esq. 

Thayer, Mr. Nathaniel. 

Thorold, Mr. John, of Newbury. 

Thwing, Mr. Nathanael. 

Tilestone, Thomas, of Dorchester, 
Esq. 

Tompson, Mr. Samuel, of Braintree. 

Torrey, Mr. John, of Weymouth. 

Townsend, The Rev. Mr. Jonathan, 
of Needham. 

Townsend, Mr. Solomon. 

Townsend, Solomon, jun. A. B. (for 
Two.) 

Trail, Mr. John, Merchant. 

Trumbal, Mr. James, of Charles- 
town. 

Trumbal, Mr. Samuel, of Charles- 
town. 

Tufts, The Rev. Mr. John, of New- 
bury, (for Six.) 

Tyler, Mr. Andrew, Goldsmith, (for 
Three.) 

Tyler, Thomas, M. A. (for Six.) 

Tyley, Mr. Samuel. 

V. 

Vans. Mr. Hugh, Merchant. 
Vinal, Mr. Elijah. 
Vinton, John, of Stoneham, Esq. 
Vose, Capt. Nathaniel, of Milton. 

W. 

Wadsworth, The Rev. Mr. Daniel, of 
Hartford. 

Wainwright, John, of Ipswich, Esq. 

Waldo, Mr. Cornelius, Merchant. 

Walker, Mr. Isaac. Merchant, (for 
Six.) 

Walley, John, Esq. 

Walter, The Rev. Mr. Nehemiah, of 
Roxbury, (for Two.) 

Walton, John, of Providence, M. A. 

*Ward, The Rev. Mr. Robert, of 
Wenham. 

Ward, Thomas, of Newport, M.A. 

^Ward, Mr. Thomas, of Charles- 
town. 

Wardall, Mr. Elihu. 

Ware, Jonatha n, ofWrentham, Esg. 



1852.] 



Subscribers to Prince's Chronology. 



199 



^V^J^Jsajajain, of Wre 
Physidan. 

Warner, Mr. William. 

Warren, Peter, Esq; Commander of 
his Majesty's ship Squirrel, [for 
Tivo.) 

Watts, Samuel, Esq. 

Wendell, The Hon. Jacob, Esq. 

Welles, The. Hon. Samuel, Esq. 

Webb, The Rev. Mr. Benjamin, of 
Eastham, [for Three.) 

Webb, The Rev. Mr. John. 

Webb, Mr. Joseph, (for Six.) 

Webb, The Rev. Mr. Nathan. 

Webb, Mr. Samuel, of Charlestown. 

Webb, Mr. Samuel, of Newport. 

Welch, Mr. John. 

Welch, M. Jonathan. 

Wells, Francis, of Cambridge, Esq. 

Welseetd, The Rev. Mr. William. 

Wendell, Mr. John, jun. Merchant. 

Weston, Mr. Samuel, of Duxbury. 

Wheelwright, Jeremiah, B. A. 

Wheelwright, Mr. John, Merchant. 

Whipple, Mr. William, of Kittery, 
Merchant, (for Two.) 

White, Ebenezer, M. A. 

White, The Rev. Mr. John, of 
Glocester. 

White, Mr. Josiah, of Lancaster. 

*White, Mr. Samuel, Merchant, 
(for Two.) 

Whiting, Oliver, of Billerica, Esq. 

Whitman, The Rev. Mr. Samuel, of 
Farmingtown. 

Whitmarsh, Ezra, of Weymouth, 
M.A. 

Whitney, Mr. Jonathan, of Wren- 
tham, (for Twenty-Four.) 

Winslow, The Hon. Isaac, of Marsh- 
field, Esq. (for Twelve.) 

Winthrop, The Hon. Adam, Esq. 

Willard, The Hon. Josiah, Esq. Sec- 
retary of the Massachusetts. 

Wilder, The Hon. Joseph, of Lan- 
caster, Esq. 

Wigglesworth, The Rev. Edward, 
D. D., Hollisian Professor of Di- 
vinity, at Harvard College. 

Wigglesworth, The Rev. Mr. Sam- 
uel, of Ipswich, (for Two.) 

Wight, John, of Bristol, M. A. 



Wilder, Mr. James, of Lancaster. 
Williams, The Rev. Mr. Ebenezer, 

of Pomfret, (for Two.) 
Williams, The Rev. Mr. Eleazer, of 

Mansfield, (for Six.) 
Williams, The Rev. Mr. Elisha, 

Rector of Yale College in New 

Haven. 
^Williams, The Rev. Mr. John, of 

Deerfield, (for Six.) 
Williams, The Rev. Mr. Nathaniel, 

(for Three.) 
Williams, Mr. Sendall. 
Williams, The Rev. Mr. Solomon, 

of Lebanon, (for Six.) 
Williams, The Rev. Mr. Stephen, 

of Springfield. 
Williams, The Rev. Mr. Warham, 

of Watertown. 
Williams, The Rev. Mr. William, 

of Hatfield. 
Williams, The Rev. Mr. William, 

of Weston. 
Williams, William, M. A. (for 

Twelve.) 
Wilson, Mr. Ephraim, jun. of Ded- 

ham. 
Wilson, Mr. Henry, of Roxbury. 
Winslow, Edward, Esq. Sheriff of 

Suffolk, (for Six.) 
Winslow, Joshua, Esq. (for Three.) 
Wise, The Rev. Mr. Jeremiah, of 

Berwick. 
Wiswall, Peleg, M. A. Master of 

the North Grammar School. 
Witham, Daniel, M. A. 
Wolcott, Mr. Alexander, of New 

Haven, (for Six.) 
Wood, John, of Dover, M. A. (for 

Six.) 
Woodbridge, The Rev. Mr. Ashbel, 

of Glastonbury, (for Two.) 
Woods, Benjamin, of Marlborough, 

Esq. (for Six.) 
Wright, Mr. Hezekiah, of North- 
ampton. 
Wright, Mr. James, (for Six.) 
Wyer, Capt. William, of Charles- 
town, Merchant. 

Y. 

Young, Mr. William. 



Note. — Our subscription being begun in 1728, and several of the subscribers being 
since deceased, who are marked with a [*], this may notify the relations of such de- 
ceased persons, that if they incline to take up the books subscribed for, they may do it, 
provided they come or send for them in a short time. 



200 Memoirs of Prince's Subscribers. [April, 

BRIEF MEMOIRS AND NOTICES OF PRINCE'S SUBSCRIBERS. 

The following notices of a few of the Subscribers to Mr. Prince's N. Eng. Chronology 
are taken from a large number in our hands, and are given to show our readers the 
plan heretofore proposed, of giving from time to time, genealogical accounts of those 
subscribers. — We wish it particularly understood that an account of the ancestors of 
those men are desired, and the names of their children, if they had any. Other facts 
concerning those now given, will be gladly received, that they may be inserted here- 
after. D. 
Abbot, Rev. Mr. Hull, of Charlestown. He was born at Boston, 15 June, 1702, 
d. at Charlestown, 19 April, 1774, in his 72dyear. His bearers were Dr. Appleton, Mr. 
Storer, Dr. Mather, Dr. Byles, Mr. Prentiss, and Mr. Cook. He was the son of Moses 
and Rebecca (Knight) Abbot. His father was lost at sea, Feb. 1717-18. His mother 
d. 3 Oct. 1741, Rev. Hull Abbot grad. H. C. 1720, and was ordained at Charlestown, 
5 Feb. 1724, as colleague with Rev. Simon Bradstreet. He published sermons, on the 
Artillery Election, 1735 ; on the Rebellion in Scotland, 1746 ; against profane cursing 
and swearing, 1747. He mar. 27 July, 1731, Mary, dau. of Rev. Simon Bradstreet. 
Their children were, 1 Mary, 2 Thomas, 3 Mary, 4 Moses, 5 Rebecca, 6 Lucy, 7 
Thomas. J. d. 

Allen, Rev. Benjamin, was born in Tisbury, Martha's Vineyard, grad. Y. C. 
1708, settled in S. Bridgewater, Ms. 1708; installed in the 2d parish of Falmouth, Me. 
now Cape Elizabeth, 10 Nov. 1734, d. 6 May, 1754, ee. 65. He had several daughters 
but no sons. MS. Letter of Wm. Willis. 

Coolidge, Capt. Amos, of Sherborn, was b. there 16 May, 1705, youngest child 
of John and Mary Coolidge. This John C. (who was a soldier in King Phillip's war,) 
was b. in Watertown, 19 Feb. 1661-2, son of John and Hannah (Livermore) Coolidge, 
and grandson of John and Mary Coolidge of Watertown, the progenitors of all the 
Coolidges. Ms. Letter of Dr. H Bond. 

Crossman, Nathaniel, of Taunton. This was probably Nathaniel Crossman, 
born at Taunton, 10 Mch. 1680, son of Robert and Hannah (Brooks) Crossman. Robert, 
the father, was b. 3 Aug. 1657, and was son of Robert and Sarah (Kingsbury) Cross- 
man of Taunton. j. d. 

Fiske, Mr. Nathan of Watertown, was a deacon (son of Nathan and Elizabeth, 
and grandson of Nathan and Susanna of Watertown,) b. 3 Jan. 1672-3, and d. 1741. 
He m. 1st., (14 Oct. 1696,) Sarah Coolidge, da. of Simon and Mary, grand daughter 
of the first John and Mary of Watertown, by whom he had eight children. His eldest 
son, Nathan, settled in Weston, and was the father of the Rev. Dr. JYathan F. of 
Brookfield ; grad. H. C. 1754. This deac. JYathan F. was gr. grand father of Rev. 
Thaddeus F. of W. Cambridge. Ms. Letter of Dr. Henry Bond. 

Flagg, Benjamin, Jr. of Watertown, b. 25 Aug. 1691, son of Benjamin and 
Experience (Child) Flagg, and gr. son of Thomas and Mary F. of Watertown, the 
progenitors of many, if not all of the N. Eng. Flaggs. Benj. F. sen. was an early pro- 
prietor of Worcester, where he died in 1741. It waa Benjn. F. son of Benj n. Jr. who 
held a very prominent place in the civil and military affairs of Worcester in the French 
and Revolutionary wars. 

Freeman, Enoch, M. A. was the 9th child of Samuel F. of Eastham, Ms. b. 19 
May, 1706. Samuel F. who came over in 1630, and settled in Watertown, was his 
ancestor. Enoch grad. H. C. 1729, became a merchant in Boston, first as clerk, then 
partner of Mr. Hall. About 1742 he came to Falmouth, where he filled many important 
offices, and was one of the most prominent men in the town. He died 2 Sept. 1788, 
eg 82. His wife was Mary Wright, to whom he was married 1742, by whom he had 
seven children, the eldest of whom was S«muel, a member and Secretary of the Pro- 
vincial Congress at Watertown. Ms. Letter of Wm. Willis. 

Jones, Mr. Ephraim, was b. in Boston, 20 Sept. 1706. His father's name was 
Ephraim, grandfather Samuel, greatgrandfather John, who came from England to Cam- 
bridge before 1648 with his wife Dorcas, settled in Concord about 1650, where, and in 
the vicinity, his posterity are numerous at this day. Our subscriber m. Mary Hayward in 
1728, and had ch. Ephraim, Mary, Hepzibah, Jonas, Rebecca, Peter, Lucy, Lois and 
Martha. Mr. Jones was a man of much energy of character, and largely engaged in set- 
tling new townships, &c. He was a representative from Concord from 1745 to 1750, 
inclusive, and again in 1753. In 1755 he raised a company of 92 men, and went with 
them as their captain in the expedition against Nova Scotia, under Gen. Winslow, and 
an officer at the capture of Louisborg. He was accompanied by his son Jonas. His 
grandson, Ephraim Jones, Esq., who died in Boston in 1840, left a voluminous genealogy 
of the family, which is in the hands of his son, Henry H. Jones, Esq., of this city. 

,. Mr. Jones was largely interested in the Muscongus lands in Maine, which lands were 
long in contention between the heirs of John Brown, who purchased them of the Indians, 
and others who claimed under grants. x. 



1852.] Old Norfolk Comity Oaths of Allegiance, fyc. 201 



OATHS OF FREEMEN, ALLEGIANCE, &c. IN OLD NOR- 
FOLK COUNTY. 

[Communicated by Mr. Alonzo H. Quint, of Dover, N. H.] 

The following lists have been copied from the Records of the Old 
County of Norfolk, now at Salem. 



1668, February 25, " at Newberrie " before Robert Pike. 
Joseph Coker Nath 1 Merrill Job Pilsberie 

Israel Webster Abell Merrill Benjamin Lowell 

Joseph Bayly John Kent Daniel Merrill 

Jno. Attkinson. 

1668, 12—26. Newbury. 
Jonathan Woodman Benjamin Moss Isaac Brown 

James Ordway. 

1669, April 7, " Amsberie". 
Richard Martyn. 

1669, May 9. Haverhill. 

John Page Joseph Heath Joseph Page 

Josiah Heath. 
1669, 3—25. Newbury. 
Peter Cheney Nath 1 Cheney Amos Stickny. 

1669, May 13. Newbury. 
Henry Tuxberie Isaac Brown. 

1669, May 25. Newbury. 
Jno. Wells Tho. Wells Jno. Swett 

Moses Pilsbery Tho. West Josuah Richison 

Penuel Tittcom John Stevens Jonathan Wedgwood 

Jacob Tappin John Ilsly Sam. Bartlett jun. 

Joseph Ilsly James Ardway jun. Tho. Stickny. 

1669, Oct. 2, Newbury. 
Jno. Bayly Benjamin Lowell Jno. Ba--et jun. 

John Wells. 
" The names of all those who have taken y e oath of Allegiance & 
fidelity before me. Tho. Bradbury, Cpt of y e 

millitary Company of Salisbury." 

1677—10—2. John Allin Jerimie Allen. 

Dec. 5. Tho. Hoyt Phill. Greele Abraham Noulton John Carrter. 

Dec. 6. Joseph Ffrench jr. Symond Ffrench. 

Dec, 7. Sam" Easman Jno. GrifTyn. 

Dec. 11. Mr. William Bradbury Jno. Bradbury Cornelious Con- 
ner Isaac Busuell jun. Joseph Greele Morris Tucker 
John Easman. 

Dec. 13. Nath 1 Winsly. 

Dec. 14. m r Georg Carr jun. 

Dec. 17. Rich' 1 Smith Joseph True Richard Goodale Andrew 
Greele jun. Tho. Clough. 

Dec. 18. Jno. Osgood Willi. Osgood Jacob Morrill Abraham 
Morrill William Allin jun. 

Dec. 19. Abraham Brown John Ffrench jun. 

Dec. 20. John Dickison. 

Dec. 21. Joseph Easman Benjamin Easman. 
26 



202 



Old Norfolk County Oaths of Allegiance, fyc. [April 



10—22. Mr. Jno. Stockman Robert Pike jun. Moses Pike Rob 1 
Downer Joseph Eaton John Clough jun. 

Dec. 24. Onesiphorus Page Henry Brown jun. 

" January ye 21, [16] 77-78." Sam 11 ffelloes jun. 

Jan'y 22. Joseph Norton. 

March 21. Benjamin Stevens. 

March 25. Sam 11 Gill Moses Gill. 

March 30. m' Willi. Hooke. 

April 5. James Carr Richard Carr. 

April 8. Nath 11 Easman Tho. Eaton Sam 11 Eaton. 

May 24. Isaac Green. 

" The names of all those psons of Eamsbery who took y e oath of 
Allegiance & Fidelity before Majo r Robert Pike y e 20th day of Decem- 
ber, 1677." 



Sam 11 ffoot 
Tho. fframe 
Jno. Barnard 
Richard Martyn 
Joseph Laege 
John Ash 
Edw d Hunt 
John Weed 
Georg Weed 
Orlando Bagly*. 
Jos. Lankaster 
Tho. Sargent 
Tho. Collby 
John Collby 
Eben. Blasdall 
Sam 11 Davis 
ffrancis Davis 
Sam 11 Weed 



Willi. Huntington 
Henry Tuxbery 
Robert Rawlins 
Sam 11 Collby 
Tho. Barnard 
Tho. Rowell 
Jno Hoyt jun. 
George Martyn 
Jno Prouse 
Jno Pressie 
Tho. Nicklls 
Tho. Heynes 
Rich d Goodwyn 
James Georg 
Hen. Blasdall 
wm. Sargent 
Nathan Gould 
Ezekiel wathen 



Jno Elliott 
John Harvey 
Sam !1 Hadley 
Jno Weed S. 
Josuah Goldsmith 
John Kimball 
Tho. Stevens 
Tho. ffowler 
Phillip Rowell 
Willi. Hoyt 
Tho. Harvey 
Willi. Sammon 
Edmond Elliott 
Will. Quenby 
Jno Jemson 
Jno ffoot 
James ffreer. 



"The names of them y fc tooke 
& fidelitie to y e contrey 
Kinsley Hall 
Charles Gliddon 
Sargt Robert Smart 
Robert Smart jun. 
John Sinkler 
James Sinkler 
Alexander Gordin 
George Person 
Jonathan Robinson 
David Robinson 
M r Richard Scamon 
M r Richard Smart 
Ensigne Willi, more 
Robert Powell 
James Daniel 
Ed. Sewill 
Eleazar Elkins 
Jonathan Thing 
Moses Gillman jun. 
Jerimie Gillman 
m r Michaell ffrench 
Steven Dudley 



y 



e oath of Allegance 



to his majestie 
this 30th of November, 1677. [Exeter.] 
Cornelious Lary James Perkins 

Sam 11 ffoulsham Willi. Morgan 

John Wadley Henry Magoone 

Joseph Wadley Christian Dolhoss 

m r Theophilus Dudley James Kid 



Richard Morgan Sen. 
John Gillman clarke 
Moses Levitt 
Armstrong Horn 
Jno ffoulsham jun. 
John Wedgwood 
Sam 11 Dudley 
Sam 11 Levitt 
Edward Gillman 
Edward Smith 
John Young 
Dan 11 Gillman 
Joseph Hall 
William Hacket 
Joel Judkins 
Jonathan Smith 



Leift. Ralph Hall 
Sargt. Jno ffoulsham 
m r Jno Thorn 
Nath" ffoulsham 
Jno Clarke sen. 
Jerimie Coney 
Teage Disco 
m r Humphrey wi 
Nicholas Norris 
Edward Roe 
Jno Clarke jun. 
Byly Dudley 
Joseph Tayler 
Georg Roberts 
John Beane 
Phillip Carter." 



1852. J Old Norfolk County Oaths of Allegiance , fyc. 



203 



The same " in Haverhill Novem. 28, [16] 77." 



" Thomas Wasse 
Benjamin Page 
Robert Hastings 
James Sanders 
Mather Herriman 
Tho. Hartshorne 
Henry Kimball 
Tho. Kinsbery 
Benjamin Singletary 
John Corlis 
Edw. Brumidge 
Tho. Eaton jun. 
Robert Clement 
Joseph Eyer 
Robert fford 
Joseph Bond 
Cornelious Page 
Dan 11 Clement 
Jno. Haseltine jun. 
Onesiphi Mash jun. 
Robert Swan jun. 
Nicholas Brown 
Sam" Currier 
Sam 11 Belknap 
Joseph Peasly 
Willi. Sterling 
Joseph Johnson 
Dan" Bradly 
Mathias Button 
Joseph Kinsbery 
Jotham Hendrick 

The same " y e 25th 

Jonathan Pirkins 
Humphrey Pirkins 
Benjamin Cram 
Sam" Roby 
Israel Clifford 
Benja Swett 
Jno. Moulton 
Aron Sleeper 
Nehemia Hobbs 
Benj. Moulton 
John Tayler 
Phillip Towles 
Gershom Elking 
Joseph Cass 
Tho. Brown 
Joseph Perking 
Sam 1 Dalton jun. 
Abraham Drake jun. 
Sam 1 ffogg 
Rich d Samborn 
John Samborn jun. 



Sam 11 Shepherd 
Peter Green 
Nath" Haseltine 
Nath 1 Eyer 
Joseph Grele 
Joseph Page 
Abra. Clement 
Josiah Heath 
Ezekiel Ladd 
Zach. White 
Nath. Singletary 
William Whiticker 
John Keyzer 
John Williams 
John Page jun. 
Israeli Ela 
James Davis j. 

S[on] of James 
Willi. Sterling jun. 
John Harthorne 
James Gold 
James Kinsbery 
Peter Button 
John Stockbridg 
Peter Patie 
Joseph Williams 
Edward Clarke 
Jno. Eyer Sen. 
John Jonson Jun. 
Tho. Eastman 
Capt. Shubael Walker 

of Aprill 1678 in Hampton." 
Joseph Swett Aratus Levitt 



Joseph Clarke 
Rodger Burges 
Joseph Hutchins 
Sam" Watts 
Tho. Duston 
Phil. Easman 
Ephraim Davis 
John Swadock 
Timothie Eyer 
John Callum 
Sam" Simons 
Daniell Ela 
Abraham Belknap 
Sam 1 Kinsbery 
Amos Singletary 
Josia Gage 
Nath 1 Whittier 
James Pecker jun. 
Hamel (?) Clarke 
John Eyer jun. 
James Bruce 
Abraham Whitticker S. 
Abraham Whitticker j. 
John Clement 

Chadwell 

Peter Bruce 
Sam 11 Ladd 
David Harthorne 
Moses Davis 
Samuel Eyer." 



Joseph Dow j. 
James Hobbs 
Tho. Page 
Morris Hobbs j. 
John Tuck 
Phillip Towle j. 
Tho. Thurton 
Jonathan Philbrick 
Benj. Brown 
Peter Weare 
Joseph Sanborn 
Joseph Nud 
Willi. Samborn jun. 
Willi, ffuller jun. 
Willi. Swayne 
Nath 1 Batcheller j. 
John Knowels 
Jno. Smith, Tayler 
Ephraim Marston 
Isaac Marston 



Benj. ffineld 
Sam" ffilbrick 
Caleb Pirkins 
Tho. Philbrick jun. 
Return Johnson 
Tho. Rohy 
Jno. Clifford jun. 
Jacob Green 
Joseph Wedgwood 
John Redman j. 
Joseph Smith 
James Marston 
Isaac Godfrey 
John Blake 
Jno. Levitt 
Nath 1 Hug-miis 
Sam" Cass 
Eleazer Pirkins 



204 Old Norfolk County Oaths of Allegiance, fyc. [April, 



" Hampton. A list of y e names of those 
Aleagance y e 4 th of y e 10 th m° 1648 (error 
10th m°, 1678." 

" Christopher Hussey Joseph Pirkins 

John Moulton jun. Tobias Langly 

Dan 11 Lampry 

Nath" Batcheller Sen. 

Sam" ffilbrick 



John Dearborn 
John Knowles 
Daniel ffogg 
William ffuller S. 
Tho Koby 
Joseph Sanborn 
John Marston 
William ffuller jun. 
Henry Deareborn 
Benjamin ffifeild 
Tho. Brown 
Morris Hobbs sen. 
John Brown sen. 
James ffilbrick 
Nath 11 Weare 
Abraham Drake sen. 
ffrancis Page 
Israel Cleford 
John Moulton 
James Hobbs 
Abraham Pirkins 
Gersom Elkins 
James Prescott 
Joseph Dow 
Benjamin Moulton 
John Tuck 
Edward Gove 
Sam 11 Dalton jun. 
Sam 11 Colcord 
Jacob Green 
Joseph Dow jun. 
John Tayler 
Ebenezer Pirkins 
Jno. Knowles jun. 
William Samborn j. 
Sam 11 Cass 
Jacob Garland 
Edward Colcord 
John Redman sen. 
Nath 11 Boulter sen. 

All then took y e 
issr. 

Those y* refused. 
Tho. Chase 
Abraham Green 



Henry Dow 
John Garland 
Anthony Stanian 
John Miriam 
Jonathan Pirkins 
John Hobbs 
John ffuller 
Thomas Levitt 
Jonathan Wedgwood 
Nath. Huggins 
Morris Hobbs jun. 
John Smith, cooper. 
William Swayne 
John Souter 
John Brown jun. 
James Jonson 
m r Seaborn Cotton 
Tho. ffilbrick sen. 
Jno Samborn jun. 
Phillip Towle 
Henry Lampreys 
Tho. Nudd 
Abraham Drake J. 
Thomas Dudly 
Benjamin Cram 
Thomas Page 
Thomas Philbrick 
Joseph Palmer 
Mozes Swett 
Caleb Pirkins 
Henry Roby 
Robert Page 
Thomas Thurton 
Josiah White 
Alexander Denha 
Robert Smith 
Chris. Palmer 
Joseph Moulton 
Thomas Row 
Benjamin Lamprey 
Josiah Moulton 
Nath. Smith 
John Sleeper 

oath of Allegeance before 



p sons y* took y e oath of 
for 1678) & some after 16. 

Richard Samborn 
William ffifeild jun. 
John Clifford jun. 
Benjamin Swett 
John Redman jun. 
Isaac Godfrey 
Arratas Levitt 
Jacob Brown 
Isaac Marston 
John Mason 
John Levitt 
Sam 11 Roby 
Aron Sleper 
John Samborn sen. 
Nehemiah Hobbs 
Nath 11 Batcheller 
Abraham Cole 
Nath 11 White 
Mozes Cox 
Timothie Hilliard 
Thomas Webster 
William ffifeild sen. 
Sam 11 Marston 
Robert Moulton 
Joseph Cass 
William Marston 
John Godfrey 
Godfrey Dearborn 
Joseph Smith 
Mark Baker 
Samuel Palmer 
Henry Moulton 
Sam 11 Dow 
Joseph Swett 
Peter Weare 
Nath 11 Boulter jun : 
Sam 11 ffogg 
Thomas Cram 
Anthony Tayler 
Joseph Mead 
Henry Green 
Sam 1 Sherborn 
John Smith, taylor 



John Hussey 
John Stanian 



mee, Sam 11 Dalton, Com- 



Ffrancis Jennis 
James Chase." 



1852.] 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. 



205 



EARLY SETTLERS OF ESSEX AND OLD NORFOLK. 

The Genealogical facts which follow, were collected at the expense of a number of 
gentlemen, chiefly members of the N. E. H. G. Society, several years ago, by Joshua 
Coffin, Esq. By their encouragement he undertook to go over the Court files and 
other public papers in the County of Essex, comprising part of old Norfolk County, and 
to extract therefrom all the genealogical items contained in them. His MS. having been 
lodged in the archives of the Society, it was determined by the Publishing Committee, 
that the Patrons of the Register should have the benefit of this laborious research. 
If those who consult the work do not find what they look for, it is the fault of the 
original document, and not that of Mr. Coffin ; not but that he may have made some 
mistakes ; as perfection in these matters will not be looked for, by any who have had 
even small experience in them. One of the contributors to Mr. Coffin's undertaking — 
the Corresponding Secretary of the Society — has, at much expense of time, prepared 
the matter for the press, by bringing it into a perfect alphabetical arrangement, &c. 
The original MS. of Mr. Coffin may be appealed to at any time, should questions of 
discrepancy arise, between the printed copy and the MS. of Mr. Coffin. The occasional 
additions in brackets, are by s. g. d. 



Abbott.— Arthur, ae. 35 in 1674. Doro- 
thy the widow of Thomas, m. Edward 
Chapman. George, will made Dec. 
1681, wife Hannah, oldest son John. 
George, of Andover, Nehemiah, of 
Ipswich, Thomas, of Concord, sell to 
Ezekiel Northend, of Rawley, what 
was their father George Abbott's, in 
1659. Dorothy, wid°. of Thomas, of 
Rowley, 1659. George, ae. 30, in 
1661. Geo. Sen. ae. 50, 1662.— 
Thomas, ae. 26 in 1664. George, ae. 
54 in 1669. Arthur, ae. 35 in 1674. 
George, ae. 40 in 1656. George, Jr., 
ae. 26, Nov. 18. 1656. Thomas, d. 
in Rowley, and left two brothers, 
Nehemiah and George. George, 
Rowley, had his estate appraised, 30 
Aug., 1647. James came over from 
Umianton in Mr. Stratton's ship, 
about 30 \ears ago, i. e. in 1652. 

Abdy. — Mathew, ae. 40. June, 1669. 

Abourn. — George, Hampton, 1653. — 
Samuel, Aburn, 33. 52 in 1666. — 
Moses Aburn, of Marblehead, ae. 21 
1666-7. Samuel, Sen r ., Salem, ». 
80 in 1707. 

Adams. — Alexander, wit s . Nathaniel 
Starbuck's deed to Peter Coffin, of 
Dover. Edward Starbuck, father of s d . 
Nathaniel. 1661. Nathaniel and John, 
Ipswich, 1667. William, of Ipswich, 
had sons, Nathaniel and Samuel, 
1668. Robert, will, 1681. Lieut. 
John, ae. 60 in 1692. Symon, ae. 35 
in 1692. Robert, Newbury, sells 
house and lands in Salem, to Wm. 



Gerrish, 18 April, 1649. — Joanna, ae. 
17 in 1651. 

Ager. — Jonathan, ae. 65 in 1704. Ben- 
jamin, inventory taken 1671. Wm., 
Salem, will 3 March, 1653-4, wf.Alice, 
sons, Joseph, Benjamin and Jonathan, 
and dau. Abigail Kitchen. Jonathan, 
ae. 73 in 1713. 

Alden. — John, m. Elizabeth Phelps, 
da. of William Phelps, Sen., 1684. 
will of William Phelps, made 1682. 

Alderman. — John, Salem, will, 3 July, 
1657 ; to Mr. Norris the best cow I 
haue, to Mr. Elliot one cow, and one 
cave to y e Indians y l Mr. Elliot doth 
preach vnto, to be disposed of to 
them by him, one to Mr. Thacher, one 
to Mr. Whiting of Lynn, one to Mr. 
William Walton of Marblehead, and 
one to Mr. Cobbett. 

Aldoreagh. — Joseph, ae. 32 in 1667. 

Allen. — William, Salisbury, house 
carp 1 "., and wife Ann, sell to John 
llsley of Salisbury, barber, 1656. — 
William, wife Mary, 1662, house car- 
penter. Charles, Portsmouth, about 
to marry Susanna, da. of John and 
Bridget Huggins. of Hampton, 
1666-7. Wm. of Salisbury, m. Ann 
Goodale, da. of RichA G., of Salis- 
bury, who made his will 7 June, 
1666. William, ae. 62 in 1664, 
" have lived in Salem ab. 38 yrs. 30 
Nov. 1664. William, Manchester, 
1653. William, wf. Alice, son Sam- 
uel, b. 8 Jan. 1631-2 ; 2d wf. Eliza- 
beth, by whom child". Elizabeth, b. 



206 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. 



[April, 



Sept. 1634 ; Deborah, b. April, 1637 ; 
Bethia, b. Feb. 1639-40, d. Feb. 
1640 ; Onesiphorus, b. 30 June, 1642. 
William, Salisbury, carpenter, 1649. 
William, Boston, wf. Ann, da. of 
Rich d . Goodale, 1649. Henry, ae. 
47 in 1667. Andrew, wf. Faith, dau. 
of William Ingalls. 

Alley. — Giles, ae. 42, Sept. 1668. — 
Hugh, ae. 53, 1662. 

Alt.— John, ae. 73 in 1678. See Nor- 
folk Recs. ii— 106. 

Ambrose. — Henry, Boston, carpenter, 
sells land in Salisbury, 1656. Henry 
and wife Susanna, of Charlestown, 
1656. Ebenezer,ae. 27, in 1667. Ebene- 
zer, son of Henry of Salisbury, m. Ab- 
igail, dau. of John Severance, of Sa- 
lisbury, 1665. Henry, Hampton, 
1647. Henry, wit s . Rev. Mr. John 
Wheelright's will, 1679. Henry, 
Hampton, carpenter, 1649. 

Ames. — Robert, ae. 31 in 1671. 

Anderson. — Arzbell, a Scotchman, d. 
at y e Iron Works in Lynn, 13 Aug., 
1661. There is an inventory of his 
e fleets. 

Andrews. — Samuel, wit. to a deed from 
Tho s . Moulton, of Hampton, to Henry 
Green, 1652. G. is stiled miller. — 
Robert, Ipswich, will, March, 1643-4, 
wf. Eliz th ., eldest son John, Thomas, 
da. Alice, who marr d . William 
Franklin. Essex Recs. p. 6. Eliza- 
beth, dau. of John, m. James Gid- 
dinge. John, ae. 70 in 1692. Lieut. 
John, ae. 1 in 1701. Corporal John, 
inventory taken 23 May, 1662. John, 
1664. Rob 1 ., will prov d . 26 March, 
1664, wf. Eliz 1 ., eldest sons John, 
Thomas and Daniel Hovey. Robert, 
1641, had a dau., Alice m. Wm. 
Franklin Franklin's dau. m. Geo. 
May; Elizabeth, I believe. Corp 1 . 
John, inventory taken 23 May, 1662. 
John, Jr. Ipswich, 26 March, 1667. 
Rob 1 ., Topsfield, inventory of est e . 
1668. John, ae. 48 in 1668. Daniel, 
ae. 28 in 1671. Jedidiah, Salisbury, 
wf. Mary, deed, 12 July, 1675. Rob 1 ., 
will 6 Dec, 1675; brother 8 . John and 
Joseph, and bro. -in-law Samuel Sym- 
onds. John, m. Ann Jacobs, da. of 
George, J. of Salem. 1691-2. John, 
jun. ae. 40 in 1659, li. in 1661. John, 
ae. 31 in 1659. John, ae. 36 in 1684. 
John, ae. 70 in 1692. Lieut. John, ae. 
80 in 1701. Thomas, Ipswich, 1652. 

Andrew. — Alger, of Cape Porpus, 
now resident in Newbury, 1694. 

Angier. — Ann or Hannah, ae. 41 in 
1672. 

Annable.— John, Ipswich, taylor, 1651. 



John, a servant from Boston, England, 
1655. Mathew ; ae. 35 in 1694. 

Anthrop, or Authrop. — Thomas, Sa- 
lem, 1653. 

Antrim. — Obadiah, wf. Martha, da. of 
Elizabeth Baker, 1666. 

Antrum. — Thomas, Salem, will prov d . 
4 May, 1663, son Obadiah, and dau. 

m. Burnap. Inventory of est 6 . 

Nov. 1666. 

Appleton . — Samuel , is called our "bro- 
ther by William Downes, of Boston. 
Downcs had a sister, Judith, wf. 
Hannah," and says " our grand- 
father, William Payne." — Samuel, 
buried, 1670. John, ae. 50 in 1672. 
John, ae. 36, Ipswich, 25 Nov. 
1659. 

Arciiard. [Archer?] — Samuel, (Sa- 
lem?) ae. 50, July, 1665; d. intes- 
tate, Sept. 1668. — Samuel, Sen r ., ae. 
58 in 1666. 

Archer. — Samuel, ae. 65 in 1700.™ 
Henry, ae. 66 in 1671. 

Armitage. — Joseph, of Lynn, attorney 
to Christopher Lawson, of Boston, 
cooper, 1649. Joseph, " 60 odd " 
yrs. old in 1670. Joseph, Lynn, 20 
Dec. 1652. John, ae. 55 in 1657. 
Joseph, ae. 60 in 1661. Joseph, ae, 
60 in 1670. 

Armstrong. — Mathew, .ae. 27 in May, 
1661. 

Ash. — John, Salisbury, laborer, 13 
April, 1661. 

Ashley. — Anthony, Salem, 1665. Ed- 
mund, now, 1670, of Boston, former- 
ly of Ipswich. 

Aslet. — John, was ae. 50 in 1664. — 
John, servant to William Belling- 
ham, 1650. John, Andover, will 15 
May, 1671, wf. Rebecca, son John, 
to all his daus j£20 apiece. 

Asleybury. — Elizabeth, da. of George 
Keysan's wf., of Salem, 1686-7. 

Asten. — Anthony, ae. 27 in 1663. 

Atkinson. — Theodore, Boston, intends 
to marry wid°. Mary Lyde, dau. of 
Rev. John Wheelwright, 1667. Na- 
thaniel wit. marriage contract bet 11 . 
Theodore Atkinson and wid°. Mary 
Lyde, 1667. Hellen, who m. Mr. 
Joseph Hills, of Maiden, was da. of 
Hugh A., of Kendall, Eng., Theo- 
dore, Boston, on ac l of y e love w 1 ' I 
bear to my nephew, John Atkinson, 
of Newbury, 1674. John, ae. 28 in 
1668. 

Austin. — Anthony, ae. 28 in Nov., 
1664, and 35 in 1671. 

Averill. — William, Ipswich, will 31 
June, 1652 ; wf. Abigail ; seven chil- 
dren. William, Ipswich, 1X558. 



1852.] 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. 



207 



Avery. — Christopher, Glouster, 1653. 
Thomas, m. a sister of Rebecca 
Bacon. John, ae. 38 in 1666. 

Axcey. — Frances, Lynn, will 18 Oct., 
1670. James, her husband, d. 7 
June, 1669. 

Ayer. — John, Haverhill, will proved 6 
Oct., 1657 ; wife Hannah, chn. John, 
Nathaniel, Obadiah, Robert, Thomas, 
Peter, Hannah, Rebekah, and Mary; 
" To Peter that young sow whose ear 
hangs down and all my flaggy mea- 
dow." Obadiah and wife Hannah, 
1661. Thomas and Elizabeth, 1663. 
John and wife Sarah, 16 May, 1659. 
John and wife Mary, 11 July, 1666. 
Peter and wife Hannah, 19 March, 
1668-9. John, late of Ipswich, now 
of Quaboag, 1672. Mary Ayres, ae. 
34 in 1668. Samuel Ayres, ae. 45 
in 1668. John, late of Haverhill, 
now, 1679, of Ipswich ; wf. Mary. 
(Norf. Recs. ii. 238.) John, d. in 
Brookfield, 1676, wf. Susanna, inven- 
tory 29 March, 1676. Robert, ae. 
86 in 1711, of Haverhill. Robert, 
m. Elizabeth, da. Henry Palmer, 
1659. See Hubbard. 

Babson. — Isabel, (Gloucester?) mid- 
wife, ae. 80, in 1657. John, ae. 30 
in 1663, Gloucester. 

Bachiler. — Rev. Steven, sold his farm 
to Wm. Howard and Thomas Ward, 
1654 ; who sold it to y e town ; y e town 
granted it to Rev. John Wheelwright, 
1648. Nathaniel, father John Smith, 
& bro. John Smith, wf. Deborah. 
John, ae. 47 in 1658, Rev. Stephen, 
my 4 gr. chn., John, Stephen, and 
William Sanborne, and Nathaniel 
Bachiler. John, 1655. [Rev. Ste- 
phen Bachilor's chn. so far as known, 
are 1st Theodata, m. Christopher Hus- 
sey, of Hampton; and 2u Deborah, m. 
John Wing, of Lynn, and Sandwich, 
1637; 3d adau.m. John Sanborn, de- 
cendants numerous. 4th Nathaniel, m. 
1st Deborah Smith,2d.wid. MaryWy- 

man, 3d. Elizabeth ,had 17 chn.; 5 

Henry, settled in Reading, and had a 
son, Henry, of Lynn ; 6 Francis; 7 
Stephen, living in London in 1685.] 
Henry Batcheler, Ipswich, 1653. 
John, a wit. to Thomas Weeks' will 
of Salem, 1656. 

Bacon. — See Avery. — Mr, William, 
Salem, will 1653 ; inventory 26 Sept. 
1653, wf. Rebecca, son Isaac. Re- 
becca, will 23 March, 1655, son Isaac, 
sister Thomasine, wife of Robert 
Buflfum. William, came from Dub- 
lin with wf. Rebecca, who was sister 
to Humphrey Potter, and da. of 



Thomas Potter, some time mayor of 
Coventry, in Warwickshire 1694. 
Rebecca, cousin to Richard Cheel- 
craft, 1655. 

Badger.— Giles, will 29 June, 1647; 
father Capt. Edmund Greenleaf, wf. 
Elizabeth, son John. 

Bagley. — Orlando, Amesbury, 1655 ; 
wf. Sarah, da. of Anthony Colby, 
1669. Orlando, m. Sarah Colby, 
1642. Bagley and wf. living in 1661. 

Baker. — See Antrim. — Tho s ,ae. 29 in 
1666. John, Jr., says my bro. An- 
trim, i. e. Obediah Antrim, 1666. 
Thomas, ae. 25 in 1662. Thomas, 
Topsfield, 1664; m. da. Samuel 
Symonds, 1673-4. 

Balch, Benjamin, Sen. ae. 77 in 1706. 
John, Beverly, wf. Annis, 3 sons, 
viz : Benjamin, John, Freeborn ; will 
May, 1648. John, inventory, 1662. 

Ballard, John, serV- to Jenckes, 

1655. William, Lynn, 1638. Wil- 
liam, ae. 44 in 1662. Joseph, ae. 26 
in 1671. 

Barefoote, Capt. Walter, Dover, 1666; 
Pascataqua, physician & chirurgeon, 
1670. 

Barge, James, 1662. [Giles, Saco, 
1676.] 

Barker, William, Andover, 1648. 
Thomas, cousin to Rob 1 Johnson, of 
Rowley, 1649 ; will proved 25 Mar. 
1651 ; wf. Mary. James, Rowley, 
tailor, 1655. James, 1678, of Row- 
ley, b. at Ragwell in Low Suffolk, in 
Old England ; wf. Mary ; ch. Bar- 
zillai oldest son, James, Nathaniel, 
da. Eunice, wf. of John Watson, & 
da. Grace. See Lambert. 

Barlacii, oi Barlo, George, 1642 ; 
Exeter, 1642. 

Barnard, Mary, ae. 17 in 1664. Ste- 
phen, ae. 20 in 1669. Stephen, ae. 
22 in 1671. Thomas, Amesbury, 
killed by Indians prior to 1667 ; Elea- 
nor, his widow. 

Barnes, Thomas, Salem, blacksmith, 
1653. William, Salisbury, carp, 
buys land, 1650. William, Salisbu- 
ry, 1652-3. Sarah, (who was after- 
terwards wf. to Francis Usselton, of 
Wenham) presented, 1656. Thomas 
ae. 28 in 1660, Salem. William, 
Salisbury, house carp r 1663. Wil- 
liam, da. m. Tho. Sargent, 

1663. Thomas, Salem, inventory, 
June, 1664. Rachel, m. Tho. Sar- 
gent, 2 Mar. 1668-9. Hannah, in. 
John Prouse of Amesbury, 1680. 

Barnet, Ann, da. of John Wilt of Sa- 
lem, 1668. 

Barney, Jacob, Salem, 1669. John, 



208 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. 



[April. 



1678, was husband to Mary, da. of 
Edward Chapman of Ipswich. 

Barrett, John, ensign, Wells, 4 July, 
1660. Richard, d. 29 Sept. 1651, 
gives half his properly to wf. & half 
to ch. 

Barry, John, ae. 28 in 1669. 

Barsham, John, Exeter, ae. 28 in 1669 ; 
keeping school in Hampton, 1672 ; 
witness to a deed same year. 

Bartholomew, Richard & Henry, 
brothers, & Thomas, Abraham & 
William. Henry had 2 ch. & Wil- 
liam 3. Sister Sarah, 1645. William, 
1649. Elizabeth, da. of Tho* Scud- 
der, 1653. Henry, ae. 60 in 1669. 

Bartlett, Nicholas, Salem, 1659. 
Richard, will d. 21 May, 1647; sons 
John, Richard & Christopher, & da. 
Joanna, wf. of William Titcomb. 
John, d. 9 Feb. 1679 ; had a son 
John. Robert, m. Mary, da. Rev. 
William Walton of Marblehead, 1678. 
Christopher, ae. 33 in 1656. 

Bartoll, John, wf. Parnell ; their da. 
Mary, b. 1 Feb. 1642-3. William, 
ae. 33 in 1662. John, Salem, inven- 
tory 1664. 

Bartram, William, ae. 40 in May, 
1661. 

Basket, Hannah, m. Nicholas Phelps, 
1652. 

Bates, Ann, da. of Sarah Oldham, who 
was da.of Richard North, 1650. 1664. 
Francis, wf. Ann, formerly Ann Old- 
ham, 1668-9. 

Batt, Mr. Christopher, Boston, tanner, 
Salisbury, in October, 1650. Wil- 
liam, aged 30 in 1667 ; Christopher, 
killed in Boston 1661 ; his wid. Ann, 
living in Boston in 1672, ae. 72 ; 
Nicholas, linnen weaver, will 18 
June, 1674 ; wf. Lucy or Lucia, da. 

Mary, m. Elithorp ; da. Sarah, 

m. Mighil. 

Battelle, Thomas, a witness in 1653. 

Batter, Edmund, Quaker, ae. 50 in 
1658 ; Sarah, Quaker, ae. 48 in 1658 ; 
Edmund, ae. 57 in 1665; witness, 
1656 ; Salem, 1672. 

Baulston, Jonathan, Boston, 1666. 

Baxter, John, ae. 37 in 1669. 

Bayer, John, ae. 22 in 1669. 

Bayes, Matthew, Leeds, England, of 
Ipswich in New Eng. about 1659. 

Bayley, Guido, wf. Elizabeth, ch. Eliz- 
abeth, b. 27 July, 1642 ; Joseph, b. 6 
Nov. 1644. Richard Bailey, will 
1647-8 ; wf. Edna ; mentions son Jo- 
seph, bro. James, & nephew John. 
Theodore Bayley, or Theophilus, ae. 
31 in 1653 ; Henry, ae. 50 in 1661 ; 
John, Jr., weaver, Newbury, 1652. 



James, Rowley, ae. 51 in 1663. Hen- 
ry Bailey, ae. 50 in 1661. John 
Baylyes, Salem, Taylor, 1649. Rich- 
ard (Bailey) da. Edna, m. Ezekel, 
Northend, 1707. James Bayley, 
Rowley, will, 8. Aug. 1677; sons 

John & James, das. Lydia, m. 

Platts ; Damaris, m. Leaver, 

1677. Henry, ae. 50 in 1661. Abi- 
gail, da. of Richard Swain. Rev. 
John (Bailey) Watertown, 1689-90. 

Baynter (?) See Jewett. 

Beale. See Bradstreet. Martha, ae. 
22 1654. William, miller, Marble- 
head, 1654. William, ae. 38 in 1665. 
William, ae. 38 ; Martha, 13 ; Sam- 
uel, 14, in 1669. Martha, ae. 14 ; 
Samuel, ae. 16, in 1670. William, 
ae. 38 in 1667. Samuel, ae. 17; 
James, ae. 14, in 1672. 

Becket, John, ae. 42 in 1670, 

Beedle, Robert, ae. 36 in 1672. Sam- 
uel Beadle, Salem, will, 12 May, 
1663-4 (?) ch. Nathaniel, Samuel, 
Thomas, Dorothy & Elizabeth. Rob- 
ert, ae. 36 in 1669. Robert, ae. 24 
in 1669. [Thomas, m. Elizabeth 
Drake, 18: 7: 1679; ch. Elizabeth, 
b. 9 July, 1681 ; 2 Mary, 5 April, 
1683 ; 3 Thomas, b. 16 March, 1685 ; 
4 Benjamin, 7:7: 1687 ; 5 Thomas, 
10: 12: 1689-90; 6 John, 14, 12, 
1691-2.] 

Beford, Richard, Gloucester, 1653 ; ae. 
58 in 1666. 

Belcher, Jeremy, Ipswich, ae. 50 in 
1665. John, ae. 22 in 1671. Jeremy 
agrees to marry Mary Lock wood, 
1652. Jeremy, ae. 59 in 1671-2. 
Edward, ae. 30 in 1666. 

Belknap, Abraham, will & inventory, 
6 Feb. 1643-4. Samuel, 1674. Mo- 
seph, (son of Abraham) settled in 
Boston, d. in 1712, ae. 82. His son, 
Jeremiah, also of Boston ; from him 
Belknap street took its name. Joseph 
(son of Jeremiah,) was the oldest of 
9 children, b. 12 Feb. 1717, was a 
leather dresser in Ann st. He m. 

Sarah , niece of Mather Byles, 

3 July, 1741. He was the father of 
the Historian of New Hampshire.] 

Bell, Philip, Pullen Point, 1668. 
Abraham, Charlestown, 1653. 

Bellflour, Benjamin, d. 24 Feb. 1669- 
70. 

Bellingham, William, will 1650 ; 
nephew Samuel B. to have his estate. 
John, attorney to Richard his father, 
1662, & uncle William. William, 
will proved 24 Sept. 1650 ; nephew 
Samuel, but no ch. mentioned. 



[To be continued.] 



1852.] 



Marriages and Deaths. 



209 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 



MARRIAGES. 

Child, Mr. John A., to Miss Sarah L. 
Drake, both of Wey bridge, Vt., by Rev. 
C. B. Drake, at Royalton,Vt.,10 March. 

Lawrence, Mr. James, (son of Hon. 
Abbot Lawrence,) to Elizabeth, dau. of 
William H. Prescott, Esq., 16 March, at 
Boston. 

Tenney Jonathan, M. A., Principal 
of Pittsfield English and Classical High 
School /to Miss Henriette A., dau. of 
Calvin Bachelder, of Taunton, at Bos- 
ton, March 20th, by Rev. E. N. Kirk. 

Trask, Mr. William B.,to Miss Sarah 
F. Ingalls, at Lynn, in Jan. 

Trask, Mr. George, to Miss Deborah 
S. Nichols, Dorchester, 29 Jan. 



DEATHS. 



95, 



Adams, Mr. Josiah, Newbury, ae. 
an officer in the Revolutionary war. 
Arnold, Elizabeth, Norwich, Ct, 15 
Jan. 33. 92 ; cousin of Benedict Arnold; 
the last of his kindred who resided in 
that vicinity. An aged sister of Eliza- 
beth, d. in 1849. 
Balfour, Rev. Walter, Charlestown, 
3 d Jan., ae. 70. A well known Univer- 
salis! preacher. He was b. at St. Nini- 
ans, Scotland — educated as a Presbyter- 
ian — emigrated to the United States at 
the age of 20. 
Baxter, Hon. Harvey, Barton, Vt., 9 
March, aged 52; President of the Peo- 
ple's Bank at Derby Line. 
Belcher, Mr. John W., New Orleans, 5 
Dec. aged 25, grad. of Amherst College, 
1847. On leaving College Mr. B. was 
engaged as a school teacher in New 
Jersey; afterward entered into mercan- 
tile business at New Orleans, where he 
died. 
Bell, Mr. Walter, Coleraine, Mass., 
12 Dec. 33. 94 ; a revolutionary pension- 
er ; a native of Roxbury. 
Bentley, Mr. Samuel, Boston, 11 
Jan., 83. 75 yrs. 9 mos. ; a native of this 
city, and brother of the late Rev. Dr. B., 
of Salem. Nearly the whole of his long 
life was spent by Mr. Bentley in Boston. 
He was most intimately acquainted with 
all the stirring events which have taken 
place here during the greater portion of 
that time. He was a shipwright, and 
worked upon the old frigate Constitu- 
tion ; was the first person, in company 
with a man named Harris, to hoist the 
American flag on board this noble ship. 
Last summer he received a pension of 
50 acres of land as a soldier in the 
Columbian artillery, in the war of 
1812. 

27 



Bird, Mrs. Abigail, Stoughton, Feb. 19, 
aged 91. 

Blatchford, Mr. Nathaniel, Glouces- 
ter, 11 Jan. aged 85. 

Bowman, Hon. Joseph, New Braintree, 
Ms., 31 Jan., 33. 80, formerly a Senator 
from Worcester Co., and for many years 
President of the Manufacturers' Bank at 
Ware. 

Brace, Mrs. Tabitha, Tolland, Ct., 11 
Dec, 33. 100 yrs. 8 mos. 9 days. At 
the age of 100 she spun linen. 

Bradford, Mr. Peabody, Auburn, N. 
Y., 17 Jan. 33. 93 yrs. 7 mos. 17 ds ; a 
revolutionary pensioner ; a native of 
Duxbury., Ms. 

Bridge, Mr. Jeremiah, Concord, N. H., 
18 Jan., 33. 93, formerly of Boston, and 
for many years one of the heads of the 
Police department of the old town 
government. 

Brown, Mr. James, Porter, Me., 33. 93 
yrs. 10 mos. 12 ds., a revolutionary 
soldier. 

Brown, Dr. Matthew, Rochester, N. Y. 
28 Dec. aged 85 ; one of the first settlers 
of that city. 

Btjllard, Mr. John, Dedham, Feb. 25, 
33. 79 ; for the past forty-four years, 
Treasurer of the County of Norfolk. 

Burnham, Mrs. Lydia, Groton, Vt., 
12 Feb., 33. 104 yrs. 9 mos. She was 
one of the early settlers of Rumney, N. 
H., having moved in to the town in 1769. 
Her third husband was Abraham Burn- 
ham, who died at Rumney in 1804. 

Burt, Hon. James, Waterville, N. Y. 
17 March, aged 90, a patriot of the 
revolution. 

Calhoun, Thomas, Philadelphia, 26 
Jan. aged 101. 

Capen, Mr. Nathan, Goshen, Vt., 12 
March, 33. 67. Mr. C. was a native of 
Stoughton, Mass. ; went to the State of 
Vermont in the year 1808 ; commenced 
life as a farmer ; was TownClerk twenty- 
seven years, and lias represented his 
town in General Court. He left a widow 
and five children — tbree sons and two 
daughters. 

Carey, Mr. Jonathan, N. Bridgewater, 
Dec. 25, aged 95, a soldier of the Rev- 
olution. 

Carr, Mr. James, Danvers, New Mills, 
20 Dec. aged 90 yrs. 3 mos. 

Chessman, Mrs. Martha, N. Bridgewa- 
ter, 13 Jan. aged 93 yrs. 11 mos; wid. 
of Samuel Chessman. 

Clark, Mrs. Alice, Middletown, Ct. 
aged 93, wid. of Mr. Ambrose C. Her 
clothes caught fire, which caused death 
in a few hours. 



210 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[Apri 



Clark, Mr. Justus, Pelhain, Mass., 13 
Dec, m. 94, a revolutionary pensioner, 
formerly of Northampton. 

Clark, Miss. Fanny E., Chaplin, Ct., 
17 March, ae. 20 ; dau. of Francis C. 
and grand-daughter of the late Abner 
Woodward. 

Cook, Cap 1 . Joel, Babylon, L. I., 19 Dec, 
ae. 91. He was born at Wallingford,Conn. 
October 12, 1760, and at the age of 16 
entered the Army, taking part in all the 
important battles of the Revolution. — 
After Independence was gained, he was 
promoted to the rank of Captain, receiv- 
ing his commission from Jefferson. He 
was in every war of the United States 
to the present time, excepting that with 
Mexico, and saved the life of Gen. Har- 
rison at Tippecanoe. All who knew 
respected him, and he died universally 
regretted. 

Corbed, widow Experience, Hadley, 10 
Dec. aged 95. 

Cowl, Capt. Benjamin, Patterson, Put- 
nam Co., N. Y. 31 Dec. aged 89; a sol- 
dier of the revolution. 

Cromwell, Mrs. Bridget, Portsmouth, 
N. H., 13 Jan., se. 83 ; widow of 
of the late Samuel C, formerly of South 
Berwick, Me. 

Cross, Capt. Ebenezer, Portland, Me. 9 
Jan. aged 88 yrs. 6 mos. 

Currier, Mrs.Mehitable, Danbury, N.H. 
aged 103 yrs, 9 mos, 18 ds. She sur- 
vived her husband 46 years, and out- 
lived all her children, 7 in number. 

Darling, Hannah Watson, Marblehead, 
1 Jan. aged 97; dau. of Capt. Benjamin 
and Hannah Basset Darling, all of M. 

Dean, Mrs. Edena, Franklin, Mass., 13 
March, aged 88, widow of Seth D. of 
F., and mother of Dr. Oliver Dean, of 
Boston. 

Denny, Hon. George, Westboro', 14 
Jan., vs. 50 yrs., 6 mos. He was Presi- 
dent of the Granite Bank, Boston. 

Devereux, Mrs. Tabitha S., Provi- 
dence, R. I., Feb. 19, se. 80 yrs., 11 
mos. ; widow of the late Nathaniel K. 
Devereux, and sister to the late Justice 
Story. 

Doggett, Rev. Simeon, Raynham, 
March 20, ae. 87 yrs. 14 ds. See Reg. 
vol. V. p. 412. 

Douglass. Rev. Orson, Philadelphia, 
March 1, Pastor of the Mariner's Bethel. 

Eaton, Mr. Samuel, Haverhill, aged 
91. 

Erving, Mrs. Mary, Boston, Jan. 19, 
aged 92, wid. of Dr. Shirley Erving. 

Fernald, Elder Mark, Kittery, Me., 
Dec. 30, aged 63; minister of the Chris- 
tian Society at Kittery Point for forty 
years past, and a highly esteemed 
Christian friend and neighbor. 

Fiske, Capt. Nathan, Weston, Jan. 24, 
aged 91 yrs. 6 mos. ; a revolutionary pen* 
sinner. 



Gilson, Deac. Eleazer, Brookline,N. H., 
21 Dec aged 95 yrs. 9 mos.; a soldier 
of the revolution. 

Glazier, Dr. Amory, Fall River, 2d 
March, aged 70; for forty years prac- 
tising physician of that town. 

Haddock, Mrs. Lucretia, at Franklin, 
N. H., Jan. 10, aged 79, widow of 
William Haddock, who died June 3d, 
1828, aged 56, and daughter of Caleb 
Kimball, who died Dec 13, 1825, aged 
79. 

Haddock, Theodore, at Lisbon, Por- 
tugal, Nov. 11, 1851, aged 12, son of 
Hon. Charles B. Haddock, Charge d' 
affaires of the United States, and grand- 
son of William Haddock by his first wife 
Abigail Webster, daughter of Ebenezer 
Webster, by his second wife Abigail 
Eastman. 

Hanna, Mr. George Herrick, Beverly, 
aged 82; one of the 4 th generation from 
George Herrick, an emigrant from Eng- 
land to Salem, 1685. 

Harrison, Mrs. Lucretia, Charleston, 
S. C, 18 Jan., aged 93; a native of 
Boston. 

Hilton, Mr. Samuel, Alexandria, Va., 
Feb. 22. He was one of those who bore 
the pall at the funeral of Washington in 
1799, and expired on the anniversary day 
of Washington's birth, in 1852. 

Hinds, Mr. Samuel, St. George, Me., 
aged 98, a revolutionary pensioner; a 
native of Charlestown, Mass. 

Holmes, Mr. Gershom, Auburn, Me., 
aged 87, a soldier of the revolution. 

Howe, Mrs. Sarah, Boston, 26 Dec. aged 
90, wid. of the late Nathaniel Howe. 

Hunt, Mr. Jonathan, Tewksbury, 28 
Dec, aged 92; a soldier of the rev- 
olution. 

Jennett, Rev. Jesse, Wilmington, 
N. C, aged 85. He was of the M. E. 
Church, and the oldest citizen of W. 
When a lad he followed the sea, and 
was engaged in two or three privateering 
excursions during the revolutionary war. 
He ascended the pulpit when he was 25 
years old, and preached the gospel for 
60 years. During the last struggle with 
Great Britain, he was Chaplain to the 
troops stationed at Smithville. 

Jennings, Mr. Abraham Gould, Fair- 
field, Ct., 29th Feb., aged 71. Pre- 
vious to 1836, he was for thirty years a 
shipmaster out of the port of New York. 

Judkins, Mr. Phillip, of Parkman, Me., 
27 Oct., aged 103 years, 1 mo, 27 ds; 
a revolutionary pensioner. 

Kent, Mr. John, Washington, 18 Feb., 
aged 86; a soldier of the revolution. 

Kingsley, Mr. Benjamin, Swanzey, 
aged 93; the oldest man in S. Mr. K. 
was one of " Sullivan's Expedition " on 
R. I., in 1778, and was in the hardest 
fights in that campaign — his comrades 



1852.J 



Marriages and Deaths. 



211 



being shot down by his side. He was a 
member of the Baptist Church in S. 72 
years. 

Lang, Mr. Thomas, Stratham, N. H., 
aged 86; he was the oldest of twenty 
children, all of whom lived to grow up — 
nine of them still live. 

Lawrence, Thomas, Esq., Geneva, N. 
Y. 23d Jan. in his 88th year; a native 
of Providence, R. I., and a soldier of the 
Revolution. He was one of the Presi- 
dential electors of the State of New 
York at the re-election of James Madi- 
son. 

Locke, Mrs. Elizabeth, Rochester, N. H., 
ae. 70 ; wife of Edward Locke ; a mem- 
ber of the society of Friends. 

Mace, Mrs. Ruel, Brookline, Dec. 31, 
1850, as. 100 years, 1 month, 17 days. 
Her husband was a soldier of the revo- 
lution. She was formerly of Newbury- 
port. 

May, Mrs. Elizabeth, Beverly Farms 
23 Dec, 33. 81 yrs., 4 rnos., 10 days ;' 
wid. of the late James May ; dau. of 
David and Elizabeth Williams, a de- 
scendant, it is believed, of Gentling Wil- 
liams, of Manchester, Mass., whose sons, 
Nathaniel and John, settled at Beverly 
Farms, 1700 ; their brother, Daniel, was 
living there in 1754, a very old man. 

Mead, Mr. Benjamin, Rutland, Vt. 16 
March, se. 92 ; a revolutionary pen- 
sioner. 

Neal, Cap 1 . Robert, Portsmouth, N. H., 
2 d Jan., ae. 72. Capt. Neal was an 
officer in the army of the United States, 
and commanded at Fort McClary, 
Portsmouth harbor, during the war of 
1812-15. 

Nichols, Mr. Ephraim, Greenfield, Ct., 
22 Jan., 33. 94 yrs., 9 mos. ; a soldier of 
the revolution. 

Noyes, Dr. Daniel, Kingsville, Ashtabu- 
la Co., Ohio, 24 Jan. aged 86. Dr. N. 
was b. in Boscawen, N. H. June 26, 
1765; a descendant of Nicholas Noyes, 
one of the first settlers of Newbury, 
Mass. He was a son of Daniel, who 
was a son of James, a son of Timothy, 
a son of Nicholas. Dr. Noyes pursued 
his preparatory studies under the tuition 
of Rev. Dr. Wood; his professional I 
under Dr. Daniel Peterson, in his native I 
town. In March, 1791, he commenced 
the practice of medicine, in Enfield; 
moved from thence in the fall of 1809, 
to Kingsville. w. t. 

Orne Mrs. Alice, Pontotook, Miss., 28 
Aug., as. 85; widow of Capt. Josiah 
Orne, late of Salem, Ms. 

Pinson, Mrs. Sarah, Scituate, 22 Dec. 
aged 103 years and 4 months; widow of 
Simeon P. of the same town, the last 
revolutionary soldier in it; who d. March 
22, 1850, aged 97 yrs, 8 mos. — their 
joint ages were 200 years — both born on 
the 22d, and died on the 22(1 day of the 



month. They habitually accustomed 
themselves to constant though moderate 
labor, till they were more than 90 years 
of age — lived together in the married 
state, 75 years, and both died without a 
single groan. 

Poor, Mr. Moses, Washington, D. C. 
11 Oct., 33. 77; a native of N. Hamp- 
shire. He was chief clerk of the 
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. 

Prescott, Aaron, Esq.., Randolph, Ms., 
24 Nov., 33. 64; counsellor at law, and 
formerly one of the representatives of 
that town in the state legislature, and 
one of the Masters in Chancery for the 
Co. of Norfolk. He was one of the sons 
of the late Mr. John Prescott, of West- 
ford, and belonged to the ancient and 
distinguished family of Prescott of the 
Couniy of Middlesex. 

Randall, Rev. Abraham, Stow, 3 Mch. 
33. 80 ; a grad. H. U. 1798. 

Ross, Mrs. Hannah, Ipswich, 1 Jan. aged 
81 ; for 40 years keeper of a public 
house at that place. 

Sawyer, Mr. Jacob, Boston, 15th Janu- 
ary, formerly of Westminster, Mass. 
aged 81. 

Sturtevant, Mr. Zenas, in Plympton, 
at the house of his son, April 5, 1851, in 
the 82 d year of his age. He was born 
March 22, 1770 ; was the 3 d . son of 
Jabez Sturtevant, of Halifax, who was 
the eldest son of Caleb Sturtevant, of the 
same town, who died Oct. 1795, aged 
about 75, who was one of the sons of 
James Sturtevant, who died in 1756, 
who was one of the sons of Samuel 
Sturtevant, who was at Plymouth as 
early as 1643, and purchased an estate 
of John Shaw, Jun r ., in 1645. By his 
grandmother Sturtevant, he was the 6 th 
in descent from Robert Cushman, and 
from Isaac Allerton. 

The deceased enlisted into the army 
under the command of Gen 1 . St. Clair, 
in the spring of 1791, and belonged to 
the company of Captain Phelon, of 
which Winslow Warren, a son of Gen- 
eral James Warren, of Plymouth, was 
Lieutenant, and Mr. Cobb, one of the 
sons of Gen 1 . David Cobb, of Taun- 
ton, was ensign, and fought in that com- 
pany in the memorable engagement with 
the Indians near the Forks of the Miami 
River, in Ohio, [on the northern border 
of D?.rk county, that now is, and about 
113 miles from the Indiana line,] on the 
4 November, 1791, when the American 
army was utterly cut to pieces. Before 
day-light he was wounded by a musket 
ball that entered below his shoulder- 
blade, which, after sinking down lower, 
passed out at his back ; but being of a 
powerful frame and firm constitution, he 
was enabled to perform his duty, until 
another musket ball passed into his leg, 
between the two bones, and there lodged, 



212 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[April, 



which brought him to the "-round at the 
nionient the retreat was beginning. He 
succeeded in secreting himself until the 
Indians withdrew ; and disabled as he 
was, after many narrow escapes, suc- 
ceeded in reaching Fort Jefferson in 
three days after, where the remains 
of the army had taken refuge. His 
captain, lieutenant, and ensign were 
killed in the action, and of course scalp- 
ed. Of the company to which he be- 
longed, only three persons remained, 
who were not killed, or in some way 
wounded In the action, as he used to re- 
late. Of his company was Solomon 
Washburn, late of Bridgewater, who 
died about 2 5 years ago, and John 
Torrey, late of Plymouth, who died about 
10 or 15 years since. 

He returned to Massachusetts by way 
of Philadelphia, while Congress was in 
session, had a short interview with 
Washington himself, who questioned 
him some in regard to the engagement, 
and presented him with a guinea ; and 
his pension certificate, for a full pension 
for wounded soldiers was made out, 
which he enjoyed to the day of his death. 
To the writer, (a cousin of the deceased) 
he had frequently certified his pension 
certificate, bearing the signature of Gen. 
Knox, then secretary of war, and un- 
mistakeable proof of his wounds, which 
he carried to the day of his death. 

It is not very improbable that he may 
have been the last survivor of the whole 
of St. Clair's army; the last of those that 
witnessed a more than Braddock's de- 
feat — the last of that gallant body of 
men, who in the darkness at 4 o'clock in 
the morning of Nov r . 4 th , 1791, and 27 
miles further into the Ohio forests than 
civilized man had then ever before been 
known to penetrate, found their most 
vigourous efforts with the bayonet, una- 
vailing, to drive the savages from their 
position ; the last of those who then 
heard the united war-whoop of a body 
of Indian warriors that proved powerful 
and numerous enough to annihilate the 
army which Washington had supposed 
able to protect our western frontier, and 
to cope with any Indian force that could 
be brought against it. 

Caleb, the eldest son of the subject of 
this article, served during the last war 
with Great Britain (1812 — 1814) in the 
navy of the United States, and was, 
a part of the time, in a ship commanded 
by Commodore Kodgers. 

Zenas Sturtevant's second son, Lem- 
uel, was also a soldier during the last 
war with England. 

Caleb, the eldest brother of Zenas 
Sturtevant, was a soldier in the war of 
the Revolution, and having been taken 
prisoner, died on board the Jersey prison 
ship. 



There had never been a tree felled 
between the battle ground and fort Jef- 
ferson, [now in Shelby County] 27 
miles distant, and the clover, though 
bent down and entangled, was 3 feet 
high, and in full bloom, on the day of 
the battle all over that region. 

[e. a. 
Trask, Mr. Elijah, Somerville, 4 Dec. 

33. 80. 

Tupper, Mrs. Grace, Sandwich, 16 
Sept. suddenly, as. 84 ; relict of Mr. 
Prince Tupper. 

Warrington, Capt. Lewis, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 12 Oct. in the 69th year of 
his age, after an illness of severe suf- 
fering. Com. Warrington was a native 
of Virginia. He was born in November, 
1782, and after passing his academic 
course at William and Mary College, 
entered the Navy in January, 1800 ; so 
that he had served nearly fifty-two years. 
His professional services and brilliant 
achievements are interwoven with the 
history of his country, and are conspicu- 
ous in some of its brightest pages. He 
was almost the only one left of that no- 
ble roll of brave naval commanders, who, 
in the war of 1812, achieved so much 
glory for their country by their brilliant 
victories against an enemy till then 
deemed invincible. To high professional 
merit Com. W. added an amiable dis- 
position and a modesty which won great 
personal esteem, and will make his loss 
sincerely regretted by the society in 
which he moved. — JVat. Intelligencer. 

Washburn, Mr. Charles B., Wor- 
cester, 16 Oct. 33. 17 ; son of Hon. 
Emory Washburn. 

Watson, Mrs. Catharine, Cambridge, 
15 Sept. 33. 88 ; widow of the late 
William W T atson. 

Wentworth, Mrs. Miriam, Sept. 4, 
1851, aged 72, at the house of her son 
George B. Wentworth of Norway, Me. 
Her remains were removed to Bethel, 
Me., and interred by the side of those 
of her husband John, 5 who died there 
July 2, 1845. She was daughter of 
David & Ruth Potter of Bowdoin, Me. 
Her husband born at Freeport, Me., 
June 27, 1770, was son of Silas, 4 (mar- 
ried Mrs. Margaret Williams, formerly 
Mann, of Freeport, about the year 1761) 
born at Dorchester, Mass., July 25, 
1725, and son of Edward, 3 and Keziah 
Wentworth. Edward 3 lived in that part 
of Dorchester now Canton, Mass., and 
is believed to have been the grandson of 
Elder William Wentworth, of Dover, 
N. H. by his son John, 2 m. Martha 
Miller of Kittery. 

Wentworth, Mrs. Martha, London, 
May, 1851, widow of the late John Went- 
worth, 6 Esq., (sometimes called Sir John) 
formerly of Portsmouth, N. II., and dau. 
of the late Col. Michael Wentworth, for- 



1852.J 



Marriages and Deaths. 



213 



merly a resident of Little Harbor, near 
Portsmouth, and husband of Gov. Ben- 
ning 4 Wentworth's widow. 

Gov. Benning 4 was the fourth in descent 
from Elder William Wentworth of Do- 
ver, who appears to have been a consta- 
ble at Wells, Me. in 1648, and a juror in 
Kittery, Me. in 1649. His wife was 

Elizabeth , and, if he had two 

wives, as some contend, and as the great 
difference in the ages of his children 
seems to indicate, they both must have 
been named Elizabeth. His wife Eliza- 
beth survived him. 

Ezekicl Knight, of Wells, made his 
will 18 April, 1687, and died soon after. 
He gave all his estate to his wife Mary ; 
and, after her death, two thirds of it to 
his son Ezekiel Knight, Jr., and one 
third to his " daughter Elizabeth Went- 
worth, of Cochecho." But, if the son 
Ezekiel die without issue, then his two 
thirds was willed to the " lawful and 
natural issue" of his daughter Elizabeth. 
Wentworth. This Elizabeth Knight must 
have been the wife or one of the wives of 
Elder William, or else the wife of his son 
Ezekiel 2 . She could have been no one 
else. 

The children of Elder William, and 
Elizabeth were Samuel, 2 born 1640, m. 

Mary , and died at Portsmouth, 

March, 1690. Paul, 2 m. Catharine , 

and died at Norwich, Conn, after 1732. 

Ezekiel 2 m. Elizabeth , (Knight?) 

He lived at Somersvvorth, and died there 
1714. Timothy 2 m. Sarah Cromwell and 
d.atBerwick, Maine, 17 July, 1719, aged 
about 70. John 2 m, Martha, dau. of 
Ephraim, and sister of Samuel Miller of 
Kittery, was of Dover, in 1672, and of 
York, "Me., 1686, and he and wife were 
not afterwards found nor any of their 
children, yet they are believed to have 
been the parents of the Wentworths who 
originally settled in what is now Canton, 
Mass. Ephraim 2 m. Mary Miller, sister 
of his brother John's wife, and died there 
1714. Timothy 2 m. Sarah Cromwell, and 
d. at Dover, 1748. Sylvanus 2 m. at Row- 
ley, Mass. 7 Nov. 1685, Elizabeth Stewart, 
believed to have been a daughter of 
Duncan Stewart of that place. Deacon 
Gershom, 2 whose wife was Hannah 
French of Salisbury, died at Dover or 
Somersvvorth, 2 March, 1731. Benja- 
min 2 m. Sarah Allen, about 1697, and 
was drowned in Cochecho river in tin; 
summer of 1728. Elizabeth 2 m. Rich- 
ard Tozier, of Berwick, Me., son of the 
Richard Tozier who died at Kittery, Me. 
16 Oct., 167.3. 

Samuel, 2 March 3d, 1670-1, is given 
" libertie to entertain strangers, and to 
sell and brew beare," at Portsmouth. 
The parents of his wife Mary, are yet 
unknown. Their children and their births 
are correctly given in the article upon 



the Wentworth family in the Geneolcg- 
ical Register for 1850. An error should 
be corrected and a deficiency supplied 
in the marriages, however. Samuel, 3 of 
Boston, did not marry Hannah Wiggin 
as there stated, for the Boston records 
show that Isaac Addington, the Assis- 
tant, solemnized his marriage with Eliz- 
abeth Hopson, Nov. 12, 1691, and that 
the first child, Nathaniel, 4 died Sept. 10, 
1693, and that Edward was born Feb. 5, 
1693-4, and died July 24, 1695, and it 
is believed that they died without 
children. The name of Samuel often 
appears in the Register of Deeds office 
at Boston, where 1 have examined for 
the period of the change of his wives, 
and find that Elizabeth ends with April 
9, 1697, and Abigail begins with Feb. 
14, 1703, and is continued until after 
1717. One of the deeds describes this 
Abigail as formerly wife of Capt. Chris- 
topher Goffe, Mariner, late of Boston, 
deceased,, whose son Daniel Goffe had 
a wife, Elizabeth, and whose daughter 
Rachel married William Pal ridge of 
Boston who took the old house of her 
father, Capt. Christopher Goffe. Ebe- 
nezer married Rebecca daughter of Da- 
vid Jeffries who married the only child 
and daughter of Gov. John Usher, of 
Charlestown, Mass., by his first wife, and 
one of whose wives (both named Eliz- 
abeth) was said to have been dau. of 
Gov. Allen, and one a grand daughter of 
Peter Lidgett. The children of Ebene- 
zer 3 were Samuel 4 born 1714, Daniel 4 
1716, Ebenezer 4 1720, and some say 
David. 4 This David 4 must be the one 
whose will dated Portsmouth, August 4, 
1741, gave to his friend David Rogers 
of Portsmouth £100, to Mary, dau. of 
Col. Joseph 8herburne of Portsmouth, 
£200 and the remainder of his estate 1o 
his brother Ebenezer 4 who was a mer- 
chant at Portsmouth, and whose wife 

was Mary . This Samuel 4 m. 

Rebecca, daughter of James (a Baker at 
Boston) and Rebecca. Oliver was a 
merchant at Portsmouth. Of this Dan- 
iel 4 , I know nothing. 

Among the children of Samuel, 2 WcS 
Gov. John, 3 whose wife was Sarah, dau. 
of Hon. Mark Hunking. Their oldest 
child, Gov. Benning, 4 born July 24, 
1696, died Oct. 14, 1770. The name 
of the first wife of Gov. Benning, 1 wish 
sonic one would send you. Sin; died at 
Portsmouth, Nov. 8, 1755. lie after- 
wards m. one of his domestics, a poor 
girl, but of good family, Martha, daugh- 
ter of Richard Hilton, of New Market, 
N. II. This caused a great deal of ex- 
citement in those days. As lie left no 
children, he willed her all of bis proper- 
ty, and she soon m. Col. Michael Went- 
worth, who was born in Yorkshire, Eng- 
land, and came to this country in 1767, 



214 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[April, 



and who was the second son of Michael 
Went worth, of Wooley, and grandson 
of Mathew Wentworth, of Wakefield, 
and great grandson of Sir Michael Went- 
worth, of Wooley, who was a descen- 
dant of Michael Wentworth, of Need- 
ham, who was a brother to William 
Wentworth, of Wentworth Woodhouse, 
Yorkshire, England, who was the an- 
cestor of the beheaded Earl of Strafford, 
as see Thoresby's Works! 

Col. Michael Wentworth died at New 
York, Sept. 25, 1795, aged seventy-six, 
leaving the deceased as his only child 
and heir, who January 7th, 1802, mar- 
ried John 6 son of Thomas 5 and grandson 
of Mark Hunking 4 Wentworth. 

Mark Hunking, 4 brother of Gov. Ben- 
ning, 4 born March 1, 1709, died at Nova 
Scotia Dec. 19, 1785, m. Elizabeth dau. 
of John Rindge who came to Ports- 
mouth, N. H. from Ipswich, Mass. early 
in 1700 when a minor, and there mar- 
ried Ann, daughter of Hon. Jotham Odi- 
orne. The children of Mark Hunking 4 
were the last Governor John 5 Went- 
worth, Thomas 5 Wentworth and Ann, 5 
wife of John Fisher, Royal Naval Offi- 
cer at Portsmouth, who with his family 
left New Hampshire with Gov. John 5 
Wentworth, and, on going to England, 
was made Secretary to Lord George 
Germaine, and afterwards under Secre- 
tary of State. 

Thomas 5 graduated at Cambridge 1758, 
and died at Portsmouth 1768. He mar- 
ried Anne, daughter of John Tasker of 
Marblehead, Mass., who afterwards mar- 
ried Capt. Belleu of the British Navy, 
and died at Exeter, England, about 1802. 
The first husband's children were Eliz- 
abeth, 6 married Edward Minchin, once 
of the Royal Navy, then a merchant at 
Boston, and, at last dates, a resident of 
his native place, Dublin, in Ireland ; 
Arrabella 6 married Francis Gore, for- 
merly Governor of Canada, and now 
living in London ; Ann 6 married Wil- 
liam Sheaf, of Portsmouth, in 1788 ; 
Mark, 6 of the Royal Navy, died on a 
voyage to the West Indies; John, 6 hus- 
band of the deceased, born in Ports- 
mouth, N. H., educated in England a 
lawyer, wrote the celebrated treatise 
known as " Wentworth on Pleading, 
emigrated to this country about 1800, 
nin ried and returned to England with 
his wife about 1816 where he, some 
years since, died childless. {j. w. 

Wheeler, Mrs. Mary, Portland, 26 
Jan. re. 82. 

Wilbur, Rev. Hervey, Newburyport, 
5 Jan. as. 65 ; author of the "Ref- 
erence Bible," and of some valuable 
school-books and manuals ; was a suc- 
cessful lecturer on astronomy. 



Woodward, Mrs. Abigail, Cincinnati, 
Ohio, Feb. 19, ae. 67; widow of the 
late William W., founder of the Wood- 
ward High School. Mrs. W. was a 
native of Medford, Mass., and went to 
Cincinnati in 1788, with her father, Mr. 
Joseph Cutler, who was soon after taken 
by the Indians, from his lot in C, and 
killed. 

Woodward, Joseph, Mansfield, Ct., 30 
Aug. 1851, in the 56 lh year of his age. 
He was born inWillington Ct.,Nov. 17, 
1795 — the son of Abner Wood- 
ward, born in Windham, Ct., Jan. 
10, 1762 ; grandson of Joseph, born 
in Canterbury, Ct., Feb. 26, 1725- 
6 ; the great grandson of Joseph, 
born in Newton, Mass., Nov. 26, 1688 ; 
the fifth from John, of Newton, born in 
Watertown, 20 March, 1649 ; the sixth 
from George, of Watertown, Mass., 
born in England in 1621 ; and the 
seventh from Richard * Woodward, of 
Watertown, who was born in England, 
1589. He, (Richard Woodward,) em- 
barked at Ipswich, England, Oct. 10, 
1634, for New England, and settled im- 
mediately in Watertown. The deceas- 
ed was the ninth from John Mather, 
who lived at Lawton, Lancashire, Eng- 
land, two generations before the time of 
the emigration of the Pilgrims to New 
England ; who was the ancestor of Cot- 
ton, and the grandfather of the Rev. 
Richard Mather. 

He was the seventh from the Rev. 
John Warham, who preached at the city 
of Exeter, England ; then became the 
first minister of Dorchester, Mass., after- 
wards first minister of Windsor, Ct., at 
which place was commenced the first 
English Settlement in the Colony. Mr. 
Warham was the maternal great grand- 
father of the celebrated metaphysician 
and divine, Jonathan Edwards. 

He was the seventh from Robert 
Williams, who came from Norwich, 
England, and settled in Roxbury, Mass., 
in 1638. Robert was the grandfather of 
the Rev. John Williams, the " Re 
deemed captive," and the ancestor of 
Maj. Gen. Joseph Warren, who fell on 
Bunker's Hill, June 17, 1775. 

He was also the sixth from Thomas 
Fuller, who settled at Dedham, Mass., 
in 1635 ; and who was one of the origi- 
nal proprietors of that town. Fisher 
Ames was the 5th generation from 
Thomas Fuller. The heads of the four 
families last mentioned, were all mater- 
nal ancestors. a. w. 

Woodward Laura, D.Mansfield, Ct.,17 
Sep. 1851, ae. 18 ; oldest daughter of 
the above mentioned Joseph Wood- 
ward. 



* The record of the early generations were obtained from a gentleman who expects soon 
»o publish a genealogy of the descendants of Richard Woodward, of Watertown. 



1852.] Notices of Publications. 21 o 

NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



An account of the proceedings at the dinner given by Mr. George Pea- 
body to the Americans connected with the Great Exhibition, at the 
London Coffee House, Ludgate Hill, on the 21th October, 1851. Lon- 
don : William Pickering, 1851. pp. 114, 8vo. 

An elegant book, with all the beautiful characteristics of the volumes bearing this 
publisher's name. It corresponds with the liberality and munificence of the host, and 
tbe good taste of our countrymen, Messrs. Stevens & Somerby, who superintended the 
decorations of the Hall on this delightful occasion. To every American who rever- 
ences the land of his ancestry, this book is full of pleasing and eloquent associations. 

Seldom, if ever, has a volume appeared, or an occasion presented itself, connecting 
together so many international harmonies. The dinner was given on the very spot 
where Franklin and Strahan used to meet and discuss the affairs of the Colonies. It 
was Franklin's endeavor to establish " a bond of moral and friendly union between 
England and America," and " Mr. Peabody's aim to perpetuate " this union. The 
speeches of Sir H. L. Bulwer and other English gentlemen, and of Mr. Lawrence and 
other Americans, with the amenities of the occasion, were all in the spirit which 
prompted and gave this splendid intellectual entertainment. 

An address, delivered at Chester, before the Historical Society of Penn- 
sylvania, Nov. 8, 1851, by the Recording Secretary of the Society, 
Edward Armstrong. Printed in Philadelphia. 

This discourse was on a very interesting occasion, the celebration of the 169th anni- 
versary of the landing of William Penn, at the town already named. There were 
qualities in the head and heart of this philanthropist, which command our high estima- 
tion. Justice and mercy were prominent traits of his character. The motive and 
exertions, with which he undertook and carried on the settlement of Pennsylvania, 
fully deserve the commemoration of its numerous and prosperous population. Such a 
duty has been well performed, by the author of the address, and all who took part with 
him, on an era fraught with remembrances welcome to our best affections, and fitted 
as incitements to worthy deeds. 

A Discourse delivered at the funeral of the Rev. William M. Rogers by 
the Rev. George Richards, Aug. 13, 1851, Printed in Boston. 

This is an appropriate, eloquent and able production. It speaks a language, 
presented by the vocabulary of talent and intelligence devoted to religion, and fully 
taught in the school of Christ. Its precepts and principles are wisely adapted to answer 
its purpose, even the commemoration of departed excellence, and the inducements for 
a bereaved congregation to imitate so bright an example, and thus prepare for the 
speedy summons of mortality. 

The Genealogy and History of the descendants of Henry Tucker, 1851. 
Printed in New York city. 

This work, in memory of revered ancestors has been very acceptably performed by 
George II. Tucker, M. D. For his purpose, he has laid ancient and modern sources of 
information under judicious contribution. He may well cherish the satisfaction of 
having discharged a useful responsibility. Care of this kind pleases our social sympa- 
thies and wins our ready approval. 

The Farmer's Monthly Visitor, edited by C.E. Potter, and printed in 
Manchester, N. H. Three umbers of Jnanuary, February and March, 
1852. 

This periodical is no common affair. It contains pieces on agriculture, horticulture, 
mechanic arts and education. To these may be added those of biography. Its arti- 
cles comprise a pleasing variety, and are spiritedly and intelligently prepared. They 



216 Notices of Publications. [April, 

are eminently suited to promote the ends for which the work was intended, and should 
bring to it golden as well as plauditory encouragement. 

Discourses delivered by Alvan Lamson, D. D. One at Dedham, De- 
cember, 21, 1S51, on the memory of John Robinson. The other at 
West Dedham, February 4:, 1S52, at the funeral of the Rev. John 
White. 

The contents of these productions are sober dealings with the dead for the benefit of 
the living. They are set before us by the pen of a ready, intellectual, literary and 
talented writer. The first of them carries us back to Holland, and introduces us to 
the worthy Teacher of the Pilgrims, who, amid many and great sacrifices, laid the 
foundations of civil and religious freedom in the Colony of Plymouth. 

The last brings to our view a beloved pastor, whose ministrations, at an earthly 
altar, are closed by the hand of death, and thus addresses his surviving flock : " You 
will bear onward with you on your journey, the recollection of his many and faithful 
services in this place. But his great sermon was his life; and few, if any, ever 
preached a better. He has gone to render an account of his stewardship. To those, 
who have sat under his ministrations, now forever closed, it remains to reflect, that 
they, too, have an account to render. God grant to pastor and flock a union in a better 
world." 

The History of the Second Church of Boston, by the Rev. Chandler 
Robbins. Printed by John Wilson 8f Son, in the same city, 1852. 

Such a work contributes richly to the stores of biographical and ecclesiastical knowl- 
edge, in relation to our metropolis. It has been done with a master's hand. It affords 
us interesting specimens of Church and State action, which the exigencies of the period 
seemed to demand, but, from the alteration of circumstances and opinions, would be 
scarcely tolerated in our day. Some changes have been for the better, while others 
have been for the worse. The latter may gender fear, but the former should encourage 
us to hope and labor for the Commonwealth. 

The attractive manner in which the author has drawn the characters of his predeces- 
sors in office, must not only gratify his benevolence, but, also, the approving sympathies 
of his numerous readers. While some may not harmonize with all his positions and 
conclusions, they cannot but award him the meed of modesty, kindness, candor, sin- 
cerity, a comprehensive perception and a sound mind. 



Corrections and Explanations. The accurate and learned possessor of the 
Sewall Diary, in comparing it with the memoranda, taken from it and published in the 
last number of the Register, finds some discrepancies. It is understood that he intends, 
ere long, to publish such valuable Manuscript with appropriate notes. 

As to the leading article of the present number, the subsequent notices are given. 

Page 2, line 24, for Heldersham read Hildersham. — P. 4, 1. 24, omit before all be- 
tween sin and rebuke. — P. 10, 1. 26, Asylum should have but ones. — P. 10, 1. 40, two 
ships, besides the three, were to sail about three weeks after. — P. 20, line 14, for 
goodly read godly. — P. 20, 1. 21, supply hereby between may and be. — P. 20, 1. 31, 
for John read Thomas GofT. — P. 23, 1. 17, omit the before March. 

P. 173, for Elizabeth dan. of John Kingsbury read widow. 



List of Gentlemen who have been elected members of the N. E. Historic-Gene- 
alogical Society, since Jan. 1st, 1852. 

James Crosby, of London, Corresponding. Thomas Prince, Boston, Resident.- 

Alfred Hawkins, Quebec, " Samuel Tymmes, London, Correspond'g* 

Stephen T. Farvvell, Boston, Resident. George Wadleigh, Dover, N. H., " 

Horatio G. Jones, Philadelphia, Corres'g. George T. Wentworth, " " " 

Henry IT. Jones, Boston, Resident. Thomas Waterman, Boston, Resident. 

Joseph Palmer, M. D. Boston, Resident. William Whiting Esq. " " 

Moses Plimpton, " »« 




2\fc 




IV, // ^ //.>,///. i 



/. S&£nAer*<m £c 



NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER, 

VOL. VI. JULY, 1852. NO. 3. 

AN ADDRESS TO THE MEMBERS OF THE NEW ENG- 
LAND HISTORIC-GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

DELIVERED MARCH 1st, 1852. 
By WiM, Jenks, D. D., &c, an Honorary Member of the Society. 

Gentlemen of the Historic-Genealogical Society : 

More than fifty years ago a retired merchant, an octogenarian 
New Englander, one of whose ancestors had been active and suc- 
cessful in resisting by force the tyrannical government of Andros, 
observed to him who addresses you this evening, " The time will 
come, sir, when it will be accounted an honor to have descended 
from the men who first settled this country." The remark was 
made by a gentleman of the old school, who loved to dwell on the 
past, and was intimately conversant with scenes and persons in 
Boston and its vicinage, during the deeply interesting period in 
which a national character was in the process of creation, as the 
way was preparing, in the wonderful Providence of God, for the 
formation and establishment of our great and prosperous Republic. 

I little thought, at that time, of witnessing the institution of 
your respected Association. The Massachusetts Historical Society 
had indeed existed for some years, and I had been favored by an 
acquaintance, while a youth, with most of its founders, some of 
whom were the kind patrons of my early studies. The names of 
Belknap, Eliot and Freeman were, in this view, peculiarly dear. 
They and their honored associates were instrumental in encour- 
aging and diffusing a taste for historical research ; and to each of 
them whatever related to the lives, circumstances and influence of 
the civil and religious fathers of our community, was interesting. 
Sullivan, their venerated President, Minot, their beloved fellow- 
laborer, are known as civil historians. And Walcot,* with his 

* This indefatigable collector of books once remarked to the author, 'I shall be sat- 
isfied if I can but carry the hod and mortar for men of learning.' His humble ambition 
was indeed gratified in the growth and prosperity of the Society. — [See Memoir, in 
Coll. VII. 3d S.] 

28 



220 Rev. Dr. Jenks Address. [July. 

in the life written by Tacitus of his honored father-in-law ; the 
letters also of Cicero and the younger Pliny, abounding with inter- 
esting personalities, — the Greek Memorabilia of Socrates, and life 
of Agesilaus, by the accomplished, gentlemanly Xenophon, and 
other similar tractates. 

One of your objects, Gentlemen, and a most important one, is 
the actual preservation of the exceedingly perishable and often 
really perishing original documents relating to personal, family or 
public history, in the form of letters, diaries, or casual memoranda, 
of various and indescribable character. And what unavailing 
sympathy is not seldom excited in the antiquary's sad complaint 
of* the — in his view — wanton destruction of old, family papers ! 
Alas, how often is the melancholy answer to his inquiries given in 
the astounding intelligence, that 'nobody seemed to care about 
them, they were lumbering up the house, and at length were car- 
ried away into the attic, became covered with dust, and lately, on 
clearing out the apartment for some other use, they were all burnt !' 
Our losses of this description, as well as those by casualties una- 
voidable, it would surpass the skill of any antiquary to compute. 
Again, it is desirable, that, out of the necessary researches for 
the purpose, there should be formed a Map of our Country, or at 
least of New England, taking its natural features from the most 
recent discoveries and observations, but giving the ancient names 
of mountains, rivers, headlands, bays, lakes, ponds, &c; since 
these are found to have often been very expressive of some natural 
feature or quality, and the preservation of them may aid in the 
philological investigations respecting our aboriginals. 

If I mistake not, our indefatigable Corresponding Secretary * 
has already made some progress in one of this nature; and, nearly 
a century since, that able and devoted antiquary, Governor Pow- 
nall, of Massachusetts, published one of North America, in which 
is imbodied much of the information I allude to, in the location of 
several of the native tribes. But it is not confined to the period 
antecedent to European immigration. And, surely, if in the land 
' of our fathers' sepulchres'! the labors of such men as Horseley, 
Stukeley, Burton and Henry be prized, we too may have our 
successful investigators, whose vigils thus spent shall prove a light 
to posterity. 

It is exceedingly desirable that a new and improved edition be 
given of the ' Magnalia Christi Americana.' Grant it to be defi- 
cient ; let then its deficiencies be supplied. Ample notes can be 
added, the history of individuals enlarged, and that of their 
families brought down to our own times. Such an idea is not new. 
The first librarian of the American Antiquarian Society J planned 
a new edition of Mather's great work, and went so far as to form 
an Index to it, which is much needed ; but I am sorry to say it 
has not been discovered since Mr. Baldwin's lamented death. Yet 



•S. G. Drake, Esq., author of several valuable works on the American Indians, 
and Editor of some vols, of the N. E. Hist. & Gen. Register. 

t Neh. ii. 3. $ Christopher C. Baldwin, Esq. 



1852.] Rev. Dr. Jenks 1 Address. 221 

I am happy to learn, that your present respected President^ is, 
shall I say ? — engaged to produce it. May great success attend 
his labors, that, as you owe so much to the toils and sacrifices of 
the gentleman who first presided f over your Society, his successor 
may consign to your care, and that of posterity, the perfected work 
to which I allude. 

Another work seems also to demand the notice, and intelligent 
and persevering research, of some one of your number ; it is a 
reproduction of Hutchinson's * History of Massachusetts,' enriched 
with suitable notes, portraits of the Governors of the State, so far 
as procurable, and proper additions to the rich collection of the 
documents which already form one of his valuable volumes. 

Nor can I omit to express the desire, that it may be your privi- 
lege to obtain, ultimately, a complete series of those admirable 
publications, as interesting as they are costly, the County Histories 
of England. Look at the immense piles — if your eyes may fortu- 
nately enjoy the privilege of the sight — which cannot be, I think, 
on this side of the Atlantic. What labor of investigation ! What 
patience, travel, inquiry, correspondence, and arrangement of 
gathered materials must have been expended to produce the 
mass ! 

Yet it is invaluable in its proper point of view. And much, I 
repeat, is it to be desired, that in some one, at least, of our numer- 
ous, but as yet inadequate libraries — inadequate to the wants of 
any liberal historical inquirer — there should be found a collection 
of them. Were this to be your happiness, Gentlemen — you, who 
would best know their value, and how to use them — what cause 
for congratulation would be the formation of your Society ! 

Harvard University possesses a few — some of them the noble 
gift of patriotic Englishmen — some the purchase of a neighboring 
State, % which became a patron of learning in its contribution to 
supply the destruction made by fire, eighty years ago, and more — 
but not a small portion from the funds assigned by Massachusetts 
herself, and the munificence of her private citizens. 

Still, it is very defective, and meagre comparatively; as is the 
collection of the American Antiquarian Society, of our Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, and every other Avith which I am 
acquainted. What, indeed, may have been effected in this matter 
by the last addition made to the princely Astoe. library of the city 
of New York, I know not — as the catalogue is yet unpublished. 
But most earnestly do I wish, that such may be the generosity of 
the patrons of literature in our country, that this acquisition may 
speedily be accomplished — somewhere, and somehow — but how or 
where is not for me to say. 

Nor, perhaps, will it be inapposite here to suggest, that all 
which relates to the original natives and possessors of this country 
cannot, as I trust, but find, Gentlemen, a response in your hearts, 
and form acceptable items of the intelligence you seek. It is a 
melancholy spectacle which they exhibit in their decline, exposed 

* Rev. Joseph B. Felt. t Charles Ewer, Esq. 

t New Hampshire. 



222 Rev. Dr. Jenks' Address. [July, 

as they have been to the arts and deceptions of evil-minded white 
men, devoid of the spirit of the Pilgrim Fathers. 

Their history has been too often written in violence and blood, 
intemperance and neglect. Yet, blessed be God ! there are not a 
few redeeming and honorable exceptions. Gooktn, and Eliot, and 
the Mayhews, here deserve the most grateful commemoration. 
Nevertheless, were any of the natives capable of writing their 
whole history as truth requires, we must blush for the figure which 
many of our countrymen would exhibit. 

Once more, however, permit me to revert to the New England 
Fathers — our ever fruitful subject of contemplation. American 
antiquaries may congratulate themselves, that, in ascertaining 
their origin, they are not compelled to ascend to an age of fables, 
as did the Greeks, the Romans, the Chinese, the Persians, and 
many other ancient nations. Oar country received its European 
population in an age of intellectual light, comparatively. But 
that population was only an offspring of ancient families, notwith- 
standing. We insensibly but necessarily, therefore, slide into in- 
quiries beyond our own shores. And where will they end, but 
with the proverbial length of a Welsh pedigree, or the exhaustion 
of almost all the ' historic-genealogical' treasures of Europe? 

God's facts demand and ought ever to receive attention. Mere 
human declamation, if it be not connected with a careful collection, 
arrangement and exhibition of them, seems, as I have already 
said, of little worth. Now, England is, to the greater portion of 
our inhabitants, what Normandy was to the descendants of those 
who enabled its duke to conquer, for himself and his posterity, one 
of the fairest of kingdoms. Nor is it to be wondered at. that, if 
Normandy excites the curiosity of England's nobles and educated 
men,* England itself should excite a still deeper interest in the 
citizens of these States, and more especially of New England. 

Now whatever concerns our venerated forefathers — the circum- 
stances of their early lives — their religious faith and religious 
history — their trials, persecutions, and various sufferings and 
sacrifices for conscience' sake, and behavior under them — these are 
all fair subjects of inquiry, and interesting, as they go to form 
character. And certainly character needed to be formed in a 
peculiar mould to meet the emergency of their age. It was an age 
of peculiar developments, since the dawn of popular freedom 
appears to have commenced in it, as regards our father-land, and 
the popular branch of the government. 

James, a pedantic, self-indulgent, bigoted tyrant in feeling and 
principle, had succeeded Elizabeth, whose personal prejudices 
were as strong, whose mental powers were stronger, and whose will 
was made, like that of her capricious, despotic father, the 8th Henry, 
supreme law. Yet the spark of civil freedom, it is acknowledged, 
was struck out by the collision of puritanic zeal and knowledge 
with the flinty rock of prerogative and autocratic power. 

Reverence and esteem are, therefore, due to the puritan fathers 
of New England, aside from all considerations of their relation to 

*See Wiffen's * House of Russell,' and the * Peerages,' generally. 



1852.] Rev. Dr. Jenks' Address. 223 

ourselves in kindred blood. And the better portion of the world 
that is civilized by principles drawn from the Sacred Scriptures — 
a minority indeed of those who make profession of Christianity, 
yields it now ; since much of the bigotry of former ages has been 
giving way to experience, common sense, philosophy aud evangel- 
ism. 

Since, then, in the formation of character, every element of 
influence is important, according to its bearing on the subject, a 
minute survey of contemporary history, and that in Holland as 
well as England — minute, since it relates to individuals of humble 
station, whose movements attracted no cheering crowds ; and who 
were the suffering party, while their oppressors were, for the time, 
successful and triumphant — who left their names for the scoff of 
the proud courtier, the scorn of the titled, lordly prelate — must be 
gathered, not from the glittering volume, perfumed with the 
incense of kingly or queenly flattery — but the obscure records of 
suffering and often martyred innocence. 

Yes, the annals of the Reformation are defiled with blood — and 
out of its furnace came, like the three Jewish worthies, several of 
our forefathers. It is painful to read these annals — to think it 
possible, that man, frail, accountable man, should so torture and 
destroy his fellow, and, in the language of the poet, but little 
altered, 

' — play such tricks before indulgent Heaven 
As might make angels weep.' 

Yet they must be read, and pondered, too — and their natural 
influence taken into the account, if we would justly appreciate the 
genius of the age, or of that, rather, which preceded it, and formed 
the actors in their times. And, certainly, without considering 
their age, and its scenes, its spirit, its precursors and accompani- 
ments, our judgment of them must be exceedingly defective. 

Your investigations, then, Gentlemen, take a wide and import- 
ant range, a range almost illimitable. For mind acts on mind, 
and circumstance on circumstance, so extensively, that the origi- 
nation of the motion you contemplate may be traced, perhaps, to 
the remotest antiquity. Our very liberties, in which we so much 
glory, maybe deduced from the unshackled enjoyments of the wild 
forests of Germany, or the equally free condition and habits of 
British savages. The depredating pirate |of Scandinavia, the 
freebooter of conquering Normandy, the feudal vassal of almost 
every European people had a share in moulding character, the 
character that descends to us. 

Not only had the Puritans of New England learned from the 
Scriptures the general brotherhood of mankind, and the necessity 
of uniting with the service of God, and love of Him, an obedience 
to the wholesome laws of the State ; but to the leaders among 
them the best writers of antiquity were more familiar than has 
been generally realized. 

The distinguished author of that noble work, the ' Defense of 
the American Constitutions,' was not alone in deriving his know- 
ledge of the true republican system from writers of Greece and 



224 Rev. Dr. Jenks 1 Address. [July, 

Rome. The founders of New England freedom were before him. 
And the Confederation of 1643 was no faint emblem or preparation 
of the Federal Government itself. So true is it in human affairs 
that ' one soweth and another reapeth.' But without such an 
ancestry as ours, what would have been this country ? Look at 
France now, and contemplate her history for the last sixty years. 
Look at the provinces which have cast off the yoke of Spain. 
These nations have not had the moral training — as we have had — 
of centuries. And yet, if we consult history it will appear, that 
noble sentiments and noble actions burst forth from their progeni- 
tors in former ages. Witness the ceremony of inauguration among 
the Castilians. ' We,' say the nobles to their intended sovereign, 
1 we, who are as good as you, constitute you our king, and will 
obey you while you maintain our laws — and, if you do not this, 
we will not obey ' — or, as in the forcible conciseness of the original, 
' y si no, no !' And in France there have not been wanting noble 
minds, formed in the finest mould of human nature, which have 
apprehended, exhibited, and aimed to establish the purest forms of 
government, and provisions and enactments of law — but the nation 
could not understand, or would not follow them. Who does not 
revere the names of the virtuous De Thou, of Philip de Mornay, 
Hotoman, Montesquieu, De l' Hopital, D' Aguesseau, Malesher- 
bes, and many more of that nation so illustrious — but which yet, 
as the sagacious Sismondi has remarked, with equal truth and 
boldness, ' in each of her revolutions committed the great mistake 
of placing a Prince at its head.' When they had achieved their 
freedom, they knew not how to perpetuate and use it. Nor can it 
be perpetuated and rendered useful, in its highest sense, without 
the guidance of God's truth and His effectual blessing. 

' Patriots have toiled, and in their country's cause 
' Bled nobly, and their deeds, as they deserve, 
' Receive proud recompense. We give in charge 
' Their names to the sweet lyre. Th' historic muse, 
4 Proud of the treasure, marches with it down 
' To latest times; and sculpture, in her turn, 

* Gives bond in stone, and ever-during brass, 
' To guard them, and immortalize her trust. 

' But fairer wreaths are due, though never paid, 
' To those, who, posted at the shrine of Truth, 

* Have fallen in her defense.' 

' They lived unknown, 
' 'Till persecution dragged them into fame, 
' And chased them up to heaven. Their ashes flew — 
' No marble tells us whither. With their names 

* No bard embalms and sanctifies his song; 
' And History, so warm on meaner themes, 

1 Is cold on this.' — [Cowper's Task, book v.] 

There are, speaking generally, two operations of the under- 
standing concerned in historical inquiries, as, indeed, in most sub- 
jects of human research. They demand, it may be, on the present 
occasion, a few thoughts and remarks. Analysis is one, synthesis, 
another. By the former, we look at a whole, and then take it 
asunder and inspect its parts. By the latter, we gather up the 
scattered parts, and combine them into a whole. It is apparent, 



1852.] Rev. Dr. Jenks 1 Address. 

that the latter, with respect to a history of human affairs, will in- 
volve the patient, minute industry of the antiquary ; the former is 
more apt to occupy the historian— who exhibits the magnificent,, 
and boundless, and ever-Varying theatre of human life in a flow- 
ing, perpetuated strain. But the eye and the mind may be over- 
tasked — and we covet a retirement from the crowd, the bustle, the 
public show and noise, to seek a quiet, a more leisurely survey. 
This is exhibited in biography, of which genealogy is necessarily 
a component. 

History, then, has its great, its impressive scenes — and some of 
these are occasionally embodied by the pencil in grand historical 
paintings, on which we dwell, it may be, with a gratification min- 
gled with awe. But the family-portrait, and even the miniature, 
recalling dear and kindred features, and thus bringing back past 
scenes, may have a sweeter charm. And such is the relation of 
biography and genealogy to history at large. 

Nevertheless, the work of the historian demands an accurate 
knowledge and careful comparison of isolated facts. The ambi- 
tious sentences of Gibbon, who throws ridicule on heraldry, and 
affects to despise the obscure labors of the genealogist, were not 
framed, we have every reason to believe, without a toilsome, and 
certainly a successful examination of their treasures — treasures, 
which few scholars have taken greater pains than he to accumu- 
late. The fact is, that each department is necessary to the other. 
And while the antiquary collects and consigns to writing and the 
press, his more evanescent objects of curiosity — he is actually 
laboring for his analytical associate; and he thus gathers, with 
scrupulous care, the scattered materials of a fabric, of which, 
though its foundations be concealed from sight, they are yet essen- 
tial to the stability and even existence of what, in its just 
proportions, artistic arrangements, and elaborate finish, delights all 
beholders. 

It is thus, in fact, with all that falls under human notice. Great 
views exercise the faculty of comprehension, and prompt analysis.. 
Accurate knowledge, however, must result from an acquaintance 
with the parts, however subdivided. The Infinite Mind embraces 
all. Nothing is too great for it to grasp ; nothing is too little for 
it to overlook. And the Sacred Book we reverence, as the author- 
ity and guide of our faith, is written in perfect coincidence with 
this thought. While the interests of the universe are exhibited in 
its pages, the concerns of a family, the biography of an individual 
subject, the fall of a sparrow, and the numbering of the hairs of 
the head are not passed by — illustrating so beautifully, and so 
consistently with the soundest philosophy, the ways and attributes 
of Him, 

' Who gives its lustre to the insect's wing, 

' And wheels His throne upon the moving worlds.' 

There are those who allow themselves to ridicule the subject of 
genealogy — or, if they proceed not so far, to disesteem, at least, 
and neglect it. Some do this in fear lest they should discover in 
their ancestry causes for mortification and shame; and others, 

29 



226 Rev. Dr. Jenks' Address. [July, 

'because,' say they, ' my progenitors left me nothing, and why 
should I remember them l Had they left me a fortune, their 
memory would be precious.' Is money, then, the only valuable 
article on earth ? Have not your ancestors left you — if phrenology 
be not a deception, and physical analogies a dream — the constitu- 
tional developments in which, perhaps, you glory ] 

It has been said, ' the man who does not think of his ancestors 
will be negligent of his posterity.' This is, probably, a true 
remark. And I cannot but think, that, seeing we are, as a com- 
munity, so engrossed in seeking the distinction — the palpable 
distinction — that arises from wealth, and have, by this disposition, 
attracted the notice of foreigners, who ascribe to us the worship of 
what is significantly, though I fear profanely called, ' the almighty 
dollar,' it is of great importance to our moral character that our 
self-estimation should possess other elements on which to found 
itself — and a little of even family-pride would be better than the 
stigma of a ' purse-proud aristocrat.' 

Now, on this subject of mere phrenological or physical develop- 
ment, are there many things of more importance to the human 
family? The often slighted yet honest physician, whose ' Domestic 
Medicine ' used to find a place in almost every considerate family, 
the clear-sighted, benevolent Buchan, dilates * on the recklessness 
of marriages designed to increase pecuniary fortunes at the expense 
of health both of mind and body. And I have often thought, and 
said to gentlemen in medical practice, that hardly could a better 
legacy be left by an observing physician, than a physiological 
description and history of the families who form the subjects of 
his practice. 

'My son,' said a judicious nobleman of England, of high stand- 
ing, to his heir who had now arrived at man's estate, ' I wish you 
to marry. And I wish you not to marry beneath your rank ; but 
I have prepared lists of families of that rank, and this,' handing 
him one, 'contains the names of such as are subjjsct to hereditary 
insanity — the other, those who inherit the king's evil, or scrofula — 
I beg you avoid them both.' 

Who is there, now, that is at all conversant with human woes 
arising from a feeble, broken constitution, afflicted with chronic 
diseases — lacerated with pain, and weary with suffering, or 
depressed with the anticipations of it — who would not prefer the 
' mens sana in corpore sano ' — a sound mind in a sound body, to 
heaps of yellow dust ? 

We require pedigrees of horses — we inspect, with great care, 
those of cattle — to ascertain the genuineness of their descent; and 
the keen-sighted, experienced breeders of them acquire with the 
tanner, the sportsman, the independent gentleman, an almost 
enviable fame — but, is it not to be feared, that, in multitudes of 
instances, as in the old countries of Europe, the pecuniary consid- 
eration outweighs immeasurably that which is merely physiolog- 
ical ! 

The sad truth that accompanies these remarks, is found, if we 

* In his chap, on Children, and on Diseased Parents. 



1852.] Rev. Dr. Jenks' Address. 227 

may trust a shrewd observer, our countryman, Thomas Jefferson, 
in the mental and physical conformation of most of the hereditary 
or legitimate crown-bearers of Europe — where, by repeated royal 
alliances, mental and corporal disease has become a fatal inheri- 
tance. 

I pursue this subject further. The very hardships which are 
encountered by settlers, in such scenes as our country exhibited 
first to Europeans, call for energy, inforce self-denial, demand 
frugality and good economy, strengthen the constitution, give 
health and vigor to the mind, and tend to prolong life. It has 
even been said, that a voyage across the Atlantic adds ten years 
to a man's age. How this may be I will not undertake to deter- 
mine. But it is a fact, that descendents of younger branches of 
noble families, obliged to look out for themselves, and therefore 
claiming often the footless ' martlet ' as their peculiar heraldric 
designation, have been found in America, among the sons of indus- 
try, if not want. Yes, when riot and debauchery, or high, luxu- 
rious living and indolence have caused a 'noble' family to become 
extinct — the off-shoot, neglected and exposed, has grown to be a 
sightly tree. The heir of the illustrious and ancient house of De 
Courcy was discovered in a hardy seaman, sailing, nearly a cen- 
tury ago, out of the harbor of our own Newport; and, in my own 
time, the legitimate owner of the immense estates of the Grosven- 
ors, in a poor farmer of New York. The latter never inherited. 
The descendant of the former now possesses the family title and 
estates. 

There are those, I have said, who allow themselves to disparage 
genealogical inquiry, and the information it gives. But, whatever 
indifference one may experience in regard to the details of families 
unconnected with his own, yet hardly, I think, would the case 
occur, even among the most obscure in the midst of us, in which, 
when particulars of creditable actions or dispositions were narrated, 
relating to a man's father, grandfather, or remoter connection, he 
would not be tempted to break out in the spirit, at least, of that 
genuine, earnest, emphatic New England phrase, l Do tell ! ' And 
you might ' tell ' on. without fear of wearying your auditor. The 
feeling is natural. It belongs to our very self-hood. It is a modi- 
fication, doubtless, of self-love. But how much more liberal than 
the boast of riches, or the oppression of power ! How far more 
purifying and ennobling ! — since he who values his descent from 
an ancestry distinguished for any of the virtues, inherits also, with 
this affection, most generally, a disposition adverse to practices of 
a contrary character. ' Dedecorant bene natos culpa?,' said the 
Roman poet, as if he had cautioned thus : ' would you maintain 
the respect your predecessors have acquired, abhor every mean 
and dishonorable thing.' It becomes an axiom. 

Then, again, as population advances, the relations of kindred 
seem gradually to become more and more faint. A brother is but 
what a cousin was in former times, when the population was sparse 
and its numbers few. Now whatever tends to bring men happily 
together, and'unite them in bonds of mutual regard, has an effect 
to purify and advance civilization, and render society an antidote 



228 Rev. Dr. Jenks' Address. [July, 

to the ruder and merely selfish propensities. This does the much- 
abused science of genealogy. 

Our ancestors were so busied in their great enterprise — so hur- 
ried from place to place, and perplexed by new and trying circum- 
stances, ever changing — and their minds, when enjoying any 
leisure, were in so many cases occupied with spiritual and heav- 
enly thoughts, the understanding of God's precious Word, and the 
great concern of 'making their calling and election sure ' — that 
they quite neglected to detail to us their parentage, their employ- 
ments in life, their marriage-alliances, and the descent of their 
help-mates. These matters come to us only incidentally, and in 
most cases, if they come at all, imperfectly. For, although but 
little more than two centuries have intervened since the settlement 
of this part of our country, there is hardly a family, even in New 
England, that can exhibit an entire pedigree, without a single 
hiatus, in all the branches of its ancestry. And this is not uttered 
at random. For there are not many who realize, that, if only 
seven generations are to be recorded, these seven embrace, of ne- 
cessity, 128 individuals, and 64 alliances, at least, by marriage. 

It would be a shame to us in future time, if, enjoying so much, 
at so great sacrifices made by our ancestors, and that so near our 
own times, we should not transmit to our posterity every thing of 
importance concerning those worthy men who preceded us, and 
enriched us at their own peril. 

But, in the investigation of our genealogies, we are never to for- 
get the piety of the Pilgrim Fathers — their care for their posterity, 
as well as their desire of religious freedom for themselves — their 
grief and painful foreboding of evil when they saw in Holland the 
Sabbath desecrated, even as in England, under the inconsistent, 
unendurable James. 

And I offer no apology, Gentlemen, nor will you expect one from 
me, for urging you to dwell on this part of their character. It is 
the leading feature of it. Without such attention our portrait 
would bear no resemblance. And it is our privilege, that we can, 
notwithstanding our ' plentiful lack' of materials in other respects 
desirable, accumulate enough to make this distinction palpable. 

Take, for instance, the highly estimable character of the elder 
Winthrop, among our Massachusetts' worthies. Take those of 
Carver, Bradford, Haynes, Winslow, Eaton, Bradstreet, and 
some others, and analyze them. Compare them with the require- 
ments of God in the holy book from which they drew the rules, 
maxims, and motives of their lives — and, though they were not 
professionally devoted to the instruction of their fellow-citizens as 
clergymen— yet i the sanctity of the priest,' as well as the integrity 
of the Christian magistrate, must be acknowledged to shine in 
them. 

And such men, men of such stamp and metal our country and 
every country demands. No other is equal, properly considered, 
to the task and responsibility of government. And wo to our na- 
tion when these enduring qualities are neglected or disesteemed — 
when, concerning a candidate for office, it shall not be the last of 
inquiries but the first, ' is he honest, is he capable ? ? 



1852.] Rev. Dr. Jenks Address. 229 

Your investigations, Gentlemen, will disinter the precious gems 
which formed the ornaments in the crown of former worthies, and 
restore them to their primeval lustre. They will, I trust, display 
to their multiplied descendants an example the more precious, as 
infidelity and corruption, which God forbid ! shall increase and 
abound among us. They will hold up to view a model for our 
own statesmen, which all of them, from the highest to the least 
influential, will do well to notice. 

Our subject becomes a serious one. Nor would I have it other- 
wise. Serious responsibilities rest on us. We are set forth as a 
spectacle to the world — and not merely to the world which we be- 
hold, but to our sainted ancestry, who, for aught we can tell, are 
yet interested, and that most deeply, in the purity, integrity and 
permanent usefulness of their highly-privileged posterity. 

It was a maxim with a heathen poet, that ' the brave spring 
from the brave and good.' * Still, it is a question of some moment, 
shall we encourage family-distinctions? Is not our system of gov- 
ernment, republican as it is, opposed to all such exclusive marks 
of eminence 1 And then comes the dreaded name of aristocracy. 
Aristocracy ? — and what is aristocracy ? Not simply family dis- 
tinction, in consequence of descent. This is but one form of supe- 
riority. There is an aristocracy of office — to which a line of 
Claudian may apply : 

' None haughtier than the poor when raised to power,' f — 

an aristocracy of learning and talent — an aristocracy of wealth, 
as we have seen, acknowledged and felt by all, and eagerly sought, 
and even an aristocracy of gracefulness and beauty, of no less pre- 
tensions. And, notwithstanding laws and customs, these distinc- 
tions will exist. Nor do they interfere, nor need they, with the 
maintenance of law. Other republics have existed, and have yet 
cherished family distinctions. Venice, Switzerland, Geneva and 
Holland are modern examples. And many of our immigrants 
have, a long time since, and onward, brought badges of distinction 
with them, and indulge the harmless vanity — am I to call it? — of 
keeping them. The badges to which I allude are coats of arms ; 
which have, indeed, their use, and an important use when au- 
thentic, in identifying families, and proving descents. 

In these, our friends of New York are advanced before us al- 
ready, and have a system, brief however, published and in circu- 
lation. And, if its representations are admitted, our Washington 
was not only of noble but royal lineage — and an admirable repre- 
sentative, it must be acknowledged, of regal dignity — l one of na- 
ture's nobles.' 

But, Gentlemen, this is a question which, doubtless, you will 
scrutinize, for it admits of contradiction ; and must be proved, if 
proved at all, by diligent and accurate research : Mapleson and 
Burke, and our own Sparks, as also the distinguished herald, 
Heard, and Washington himself being at variance. 

* • Fortes creantur fortibus et bonis.' Hor . 

t ' Asperius nihil est humili quum 3urgit in altum.' 



230 Rev. Dr. Jenks Address. [July? 

If, however, on these points difficulty be apprehended, and a 
discordance of opinion prevail, let it be our endeavor to raise the 
depressed to an equality, so far as may be, with the most exalted, 
by the general extension of moral and literary culture, begun by 
the venerated fathers of New England, and transmittted to their 
oiFspring with earnest and sedulous care. Nor need this be re- 
garded as a mere Utopian proposition. It is truly republican, and 
in actual process of experiment — and it is as truly Christian — al- 
though it need not extend to the vagaries of socialism. Let but 
labor be regarded with esteem and respect — as in fact it is by no 
small part of our great community ; and, by its success in procuring 
the comforts of life, and the privileges of the social state, is still 
likely to become more so — then may future generations carry on 
the designs and efforts of the early fathers of our Commonwealth 
to their ultimate completion, in the establishment of a high and 
useful civilization, such as has not heretofore blessed mankind. 



Note — connected with the Quotation, on Page 225, 

* Who gives its lustre to the insect's wing, 
And wheels His throne upon the moving worlds.' 

As an illustration of this subject, so fruitful ever of illustration in the experience and 
observation of an attentive inquirer into the ways and works of God, the writer would 
dwell on a few instances. For, how often, in the course of the Divine providence, do 
the most important lessons take their origin from causes apparently trivial ! And how 
often are minute inquiries, or inquiries into concerns of not an obvious character, re- 
warded by the acquisition of deeply interesting truth. 

An instance occurs, in the history of a noble English family, of a younger brother 
who contracted marriage with a lady of genteel descent, but far inferior rank. It 
displeased the elder brother, an earl, so greatly, that in revenge he disinherited the 
offender; and, having no immediate heirs, left his castles and estates to the king and his 
male descendants. This was in the reign of the first of the Tudors, Henry VII. 
Time went on. The disinherited brother drew on his own industry, talents and integ- 
rity for the maintenance of himself and family. He was prospered, and rose into some 
consequence. At length the royal family, in the male line, was extinct in the person of 
Edward VI., grandson of Henry, and, after a deprivation for nearly a century, the 
ample estates of the house of Berkeley were vested in a family reared by its moral 
worth to a level with the most deserving. 

To most persons who read the Scriptures, the genealogies contained in the early 
chapters of the first book of Chronicles are very tedious; and not a few omit the read- 
ing" of them altogether. Nay, inTowNSEND's very valuable ' Chronological Arrange- 
ment ' these chapters are relegated to the very close of the Old Testament, and printed 
by themselves. But they contain a very rich passage, in the following words : ' And 
Jabez was more honorable than his brethren, and' — ' called on the God of Israel say- 
ing : " Oh that Thou wouldst bless me indeed, and enlarge my coast, and that. Thy hand 
might be with me, and that Thou wouldst keep me from evil, that it may not grieve me !" 
And God granted him that which he requested.'* 

On this passage (which the writer well remembers to have pointed out to a learned 
friend, a clergyman of near fifty years' standing, and who had written and published 
volumes of discourses, but did not remember ever to have noticed before) the pious and 
excellent Dr. Scott remarks : ' This instructive example, in the midst of genealogies, 
to us so abstruse, seems like the fragrant rose, surrounded by thorns; or as refreshing 
streams in the desert; and it appears a recompense intended for the careful student of 
God's word, who diligently and reverently examines the whole, comparing one part 
with another, without disregarding or undervaluing any.' 

The late worthy and amiable Dr. Tappan, Professor of Divinity in the University 
at Cambridge, remarks in his Lectures on Jewish Antiquities, [p. 154,] that * we read 

* 1 Chron. iv. 9, 10. 






1852.] Rev. Dr. Jenks' Address. 231 

of several kings, judges and prophets, who did not belong to the sacerdotal family, and 
yet occasionally officiated as priests without incurring the divine censure. Thus the 
prophet Samuel, who was of the tribe of Ephraim, on one occasion, according to his 
custom, " blessed the sacrifice" [2 Chron. xxvi. 16, 21.], and on another "offered a 
lamb for a burnt offering." ' [1 Sam. ix. 13, and vii. 9.] And yet on the same page 
it it stated, that the priesthood, confined to Aaron and his posterity, was defended 
from invasion by any other persons, even though 'of the same tribe,' as was Korah. 
Now it is indeed said (1 Sam. i. 1.) that Elkanah, Samuel's father, was ' of 
mount Ephraim,' but an attention to the genealogies exhibited in the first book of the 
Chronicles, see chapter vi., will convince us that this Elkanah was in fact a descend- 
ant of Levi, and in the line of Korah. 

Further, we learn from Numb. xxvi. 9, 10, 11, that this descent was memorable, in 
that ' the children of Korah died not,' ' what time the fire devoured two hundred and 
fifty men,' and ' the earth swallowed up those men who strove against Moses and 
Aaron, in the company of Korah.' 

And, on further investigation, we perceive that, although the immediate descendants 
of Samuel, the eminent judge of Israel, were complained of by the people, 1 Sam. 
vii. 5, as not walking in his ways, and they therefore asked for a king, yet in the second 
and third generations of his family the ancestral spirit of fervent, pious devotion 
revived. For Heman, a leader of the sweet singers of Israel, was the honored mag- 
istrate's grandson; and, gays the sacred historian, 1 Chron. xxv. 5, 6, 'God gave to 
Heman fourteen sons — all these were under the hands of their father for song in the 
house of the Lord.' 

Another observable subject occurs in the history of Ahithophel. At no one's de- 
fection from him in the wicked rebellion of Absalom, does David appear more dis- 
tressed, and apprehensive of evil, than in his. And his bitter hostility seems unaccount- 
able. He was an able counsellor, and his merits were acknowledged by his sovereign. 
David esteemed, promoted and honored him. He could promise himself no higher 
dignity or greater influence under the rebel son of his friend. 

In order to account for this sudden and remarkable change, the. generality of writers 
seem content to ascribe to the Hebrew statesman the cunning, duplicity and treachery 
of a wily, corrupt, modern politician; and name him the seditious mcver and soul of 
the rebel party. Thus Dryden : 

' Of these the false Achitophel was first; 
A name to all succeeding ages curst : 
For close designs and crooked counsels fit; 
Sagacious, bold, and turbulent of wit; 
Restless, unfix'd in principles and place; 
In power unpleas'd, impatient of disgrace; — ' 
' In friendship false, implacable in hate; 
Resolv'd to ruin or to rule the state. 't 

And, in a similar manner, the court preachers of king James II., after the 
suppression of the duke of Monmouth's ill-fated rebellion, can nardly find language 
vile enough to describe the criminal. ' It seems probable,' says one, ' that he was dis- 
carded the court for some high misdemeanor : this canker'd old wretch, glad of the 
opportunity to revenge himself upon his Master, immedietely joins interests with his 
undutiful son.' Another accuses him of corrupting and debauching the young man 
Absalom, and calls him 'that false and treacherous villain; that dexterous man at 
wickedness; such a cunning and crafty Politician, that he was lookt upon as infallible, 
as an Oracle ' — ' a hardened Traitor, and cursed Reprobate, an inveterate and advising 
Rebel.' 

But all this and similar phraseology, of which there has~'been an abundance, may 
well be spared, when we come to ascertain, by attention to the genealogical information 
given us (2 Sam. xi. 3, xxiii. 34), that the wise counsellor of David was the grandfa- 
ther of Bathsheba, and had been dishonored, afflicted, mortified and exasperated by 
David's crime in her seduction, and the murder of her husband. This accounts suffi- 
ciently for all David's fears from him, and all his inveterate hatred of the lecherous, 
adulterous king — whose deep penitence, however, obtained pardon; though still it took 
not away all punishment of folly and guilt. 

It is not unworthy of notice, too, that in the account given, in English history, of the 
brutal monarch, who has earned for himself the name of 'the EnglishllEROD, — Henry 
VIII, — it has been discovered by minute genealogical research, that all his six wives 
were of royal descent, and allied to the sovereign race of the monarch himself. This 
shows a degree of ' method in the madness ' of the royal autrocrat, if indeed he was 
acquainted with the fact. 

t See 'Absalom and Achitophel.' 



232 The Hampton Brown Family. [July? 

THE HAMPTON BROWN FAMILY. 

[By Asa W. Brown, Cincinnati, O.] 

John Brown, said by tradition to have been the son of a Scotchman, 1 * 
was born in England, in 1589 or 1595. Before his emigration to New 
England, he was a baker in London, probably for several years, as he 
was somewhat advanced in life at that time. He embarked on the 
Elizabeth, 17 Apr. 1635, and, if tradition is to be believed, landed at 
Boston, and from thence went to Salem. In 1638, he was one of the 
first company that commenced a settlement at Hampton, and, in all 
probability, was one of the men to whom the General Court of Mass. 
made a grant of the town. Not long after he was engaged somewhat 
in shipbuilding, but his chief business was farming or raising stock, he 
being one of the largest landholders in the place^ and the third man in 
wealth, on the oldest tax list, (1653). 

Sarah Walker, his wife, came from London in the same vessel, in 
1635 ; she was born in 1618, married John Brown as early as (1640?) 
died in Hampton, 6 July, 1672. On the town records is recorded " John 
Browne Aged about ninetie eight years Died upon the 28h Day february 
1686." 

Children of JOHN and SARAH (Walker) BROWN. 
(1.) I. Sarah, 2 m. John Poor, 13 Mar. 1661 ; lived in Hampton and 
Charlestown, Mass., where she died of the Small Pox, 28 Dec, 
1678. John Poor d. 19 May, 1686. 
(2.) II. John, 2 b. before 1646 ; d. 29 Aug. 1683, according to the in- 
ventory taken a few days after. 
(3.) III. Benjamin, 2 m. Sarah, d. of Wm. and Eliz'h Brown of Salis- 
bury, Mass. (1679 ?) lived south of the Falls River (Seabrook) ; 
d. about 1736, from 85 to 90 yrs of age. Sarah, his wife, born 12 
Apr. 1658, d. about 1730. 
(4.) IV. Elizabeth, 2 m. Isaac Marston, 23 Oct. 1669; d. in Hampton, 

5 Oct. 1689. 
(5.) V. Jacob, 2 (18.) b. 1653 ; m. Sarah, d. of Wm. and Mary Brookin 

of Portsmouth; d. in Hampton 13 Feb. 1740, aged 87. 
(6.) VI. Mary, 2 b. 13 Sept. 1655 ; m. in Newbury, 15 Dec, 1675, to 

Nathan Parker (Jr.) of (Andover?) 
(7.) VII. Thomas, 2 (27.) b. 14 July, 1657; m. Abial, (d. of Joseph 
Shaw, of Hampton ?). He d. in H. 29 June, 1744, aged nearly 
87. Abial Shaw, b. Oct. 1662; d. 21 Dec. 1739. 
(8.) VIII. Stefhen, 2 b. 1659 ; accompanied the expedition to the east- 
ward, and was killed in the conflict with the Indians at Black Point, 
29 June, 1677. 

N. B. — John, 2 and Thomas, 2 were in the service of Mass. during King Philip's War, 
1676, as may be seen by the record of expenses for that year, now preserved at Boston. 
Tradition says all the five sons served Against the Indians. Among the signers to 
Weare's petition, 1683, were Benj., Jacob and Thos. Brown. — [Belknap's History of 
J\T. H. Appendix I, 324. 

Children of BENJ. and SARAH BROWN. 
(9.) I. William, 3 b. 5 June, 1680; m. Ann Heath, 9 June, 1701 ; d. 
in Kensington, about the 1st of Sept., 1725. Ann, d. of John 

* Perhaps from Angus. Among the Brown? given in an Armorial Dictionary, pub- 
lished in London, is — "Browne, (London,) descended from Angus, in Scotland, Az 
on a chev. wavy, betw. three fleurs de lis or, a thistle slipped vert." 



1852.] The Hampton Brown Family. 233 

Heath and Sarah Partridge, b. in Haverhill, Mass., 30 June, 1684 ; 
d. in Kensington, 7 Aug., 1765. 

10.) II. Sarah, 3 b. 11 Sept. 1681 ; d. 30 Oct., 1684. 

11.) III. Benjamin, 3 b. Dec, 1683; m. 7 Jan., 1718, to Sarah Gove ;; 
d. in South Hampton, 9 Feb., 1766, aged 82 yrs. Sarah, dau. of 
Ebenezer Gove and Judith Sanborn, b. 3 Apr., 1698; d. 21 Aug., 
1746. 

12.) IV. Elizabeth, 3 b. 16 July, 1686; m. Benj. Green, 17 Dec.,. 
1707; d. in Hampton Falls, 6 Mar., 1769, in 83d yr. 

13.) V. John, 3 b. 18 Mar., 1688 ; m. 21 Jan., 1715, Abigail Johnson ; 
d. in Seabrook about 1746. Abigail b. in Hampton, 25 Sept., 1693.. 

14) VI. Jacob, 3 b. 1 Mar., 1691; m. 1 st , Mary Green, about 1715; 
m. 2 1 , widow Jemima Rowell, Oct., 1737; d. in Hampton Falls, 
23 Apr., 1762. Mary Green b. in Hampton, 17 Apr., 1693. Je- 
mima Chandler, of (Salisbury ?), m. Moses Rowell, 28 Nov., 1723 ; 
he lived in (Kingston ?). 

15.) VII. Stephen, 3 b. 17 July, 1693 ; m. Martha J. Chase, 21 May,. 
1722 ; d. in Hampton, 1 Dec, 1723. 

16.) VIII. Mary, 3 b. 1696 ; m. Tho\ Cram, Jr.; d. in Hampton Falls, 
31 Mar., 1756. 

17.) IX. Thomas, 3 b. 21 May, 1699; m. 2 May, 1729, to Mehitable 
Towle ; d. Nov., 1765, in Seabrook. Mehitable b. 4 Aug., 1706 ; 
d. 2 Jan., 1776. 

18.) X. Jeremiah, 3 b. 20 Nov., 1701 ; m. 3 Dec, 1728, to Mary 
Weare ; d. 25 June, 1758, in Seabrook. Mary b. 19 Dec, 1706 ; 
d. 10 May, 1760. 
N. B. — Several of Benjamin's children died very suddenly, of a complaint in the 
throat 

Children of JACOB and SARAH (Brookin) BROWN, 

19.) I. John, 3 b. (1684?); m. Ruth Kelly, 15 Nov., 1706; d. in 
Hampton Falls, Apr., 1747. 

20.) II. Samuel, 3 b. Sept., 1686 ; m. Eliz'h Maloon, ab. 1708 ; d. in 
Hampton, 14 Jan., 1772, a. 85 yrs. Elizabeth d. 9 Feb., 1764, a. 
79 yrs. 

21.) III. Abraham, 3 b. 1688 ; m. 6 Feb., 171S, to Argentine Cram ; 
d. in Hampton Falls, 15 Feb., 1769, a. 81 yrs. Argentine, b. 20 
Dec, 1693; d. 19 June, 1771. 

22.) IV. Joshua, 3 b. 1 Apr., 1691 ; m. 1 st , Rachel Sanborn, 21 Dec* 
1715 ; m. 2 1 , Sarah Leavitt ; d. in North Hampton, 10 Dec, 1783, 
a. 93 yrs. Rachel Sanborn b. 13 Mar., 1695 ; d. 17 Feb., 1742. 
Sarah Leavitt, b. 11 Sept., 1713; d. 19 Aug., 1783, in North 
Hampton. 

23.) V. Sarah, 3 b. 1693 ; m. 21 Dec, 1721, to Philip Griffin, who 
was in Salisbury, 16 Aug., 1696. 

24.) VI. Jacob, 3 b. 22 Dec, 1695; m. Joana Jones 16 Nov., 1721; d. 
in Hampton Falls, ab. 1730. 

25) VII. Abigail, 3 b. 3 Mar,, 1698; m. 1 st , John Dowst, 27 Mar., 
1718; m. 2', Amos Knowles, 16 Dec, 1724; d. in Hampton, 3 
Nov., 1776. 

26.) VIII. Jonathan, 3 b. 24 Feb., 1700; m. 1* Joana Abba, 17 Feb., 
1726 ; m. 2 1 , Widow Joana Brown, of Kingston, 30 Nov., 1758; 
he died in Kensington, 10 July, 1766. Joana, daughter of Joseph 
and Abigail Abba, born in Salisbury, 15 Nov., 1706 ; d. in Ken- 
sington, 7 Sept., 1757. Joana Morrell m. Joshua Brown, (of New- 
bury ?), 8 Dec, 1726 ; he lived in Kingston ; she probably died in 
Hawk, at the residence of one of her children. 
30 



234 First Fe'tlers of Eastham, Mass. [July, 

(27.) IX. Jeremiah, 3 bap. 2S June, 1702 ; m. Elizabeth, d. of Clement 

Moody, of Exeter, about 1726; he lived in Hampton Falls until 

1739, then in Saco, Me., until 1775, when he and his wife went to 

North Yarmouth, where they died a few years after. 
Children of THOMAS and ABIAL (Shaw) BROWN. 
(28.) I. Thomas, 3 b. 14 Dec, 1686 ; m. in Newbury, 13 Dec, 1710, to 

Dorcas Fanning; d. in Hampton, 7 June, 1766, in 80 th yr. Dorcas 

d. 24 Mar., 1762, a. 77 yrs. 
(29.) II. Joseph, 3 b. 30 Jan.,' 1689; m. Elizabeth Moulton ab. 1715; d. 

in Rye, 19 Mar., 1759. Elizabeth (probably d. of Joseph Moulton) 

b. 16 May, 1693 ; d. in Rye, 21 June, 1760. 
(30.) III. Sarah, 3 b. 3 Apr., 1691 ; m. Joshua Towle, 6 Feb., 1713; d. 

in Hampton, 8 Aug., 1767. 
(31.) IV. Elizabeth, 3 b. 21 Apl, 1694 ; m. Solomon Dowst, 31 Jan., 

1723; lived in Rye. 
(32.) V. Ebenezer, 3 b. 1696 ; m. 1 st , Margaret Goss, ab. 1724; m. 2\ 

Mary Flanders, 5 Oct., 1753 ; d. in Kensington, 20 Oct., 1780, a. 

84 yrs. Margaret d. in Kensington, 29 Sept., 1752. 
(33.) VI. Josiah, 3 b. 15 Feb., 1701 ; m. 1 st , Elizabeth Fellows, 1 Jan., 

1724 ; m. 2 d , Mary Bradbury, 5 Dec, 1744 ; d. in Kensington, 4 

Dec, 1790, in 90th yr . Elizabeth d. 13 Mar., 1741. Mary d. 21 

June, 1793, a. 88 yrs. 



THE FIRST SETTLERS OF EASTHAM, MASS. 

By David Hamblen, Member of the N. E. Historic-Genealogical Society. 
[Continued from page 170.] 

Isaac Pierce, m. Jane Young, Mch 9, 1709-10. 

Thomas Prence, Esq., Governer of the Juridiction of New Plymouth, 
died March 29, 1673, and was interid the 8 th April following, after he 
had served God in the office of Gov. sixteen years or near thereunto; he 
finished his course in the 73 year of his life ; he was a worthy gentle- 
man, very pious and very able for his office, and faithful in the dis- 
charge thereof, studious of peace, a welwiller to all that feared God, 
and a terror to the wicked ; his death was much lamented, and his body 
honourably buryed at Plymouth, the day and year above mentioned. — 
\ Plymouth Colony Records. 

Gov. Thomas Prence came over in the 2 d ship, the Fortune, 1621, 
■ived in Plymouth, in his house in High street near Spring Lane; m. 
Patience, dau. of William Brewster, 1624, the 9 th marriage in the Colony ; 
she died 1634 ; he was chosen Governor 1635, then living in Duxbury ; 
m. Mary, dau. of Wm. Collier, 1635, and removed to Eastham, 1644, 
and there resided till chosen Governor in 1658. His wife died at East- 
ham and he returned to Plymouth, 1663, and lived at Plain Dealings ; 
m. Mrs. Mary, widow of Samuel Freeman, 1662, and died 1673, his 
wife surviving, at Yarmouth. 

His children were as follows. Thomas went to England, where he 
mar. and died young, leaving a widow and dau. named Susannah. Re- 
becca m. Edmund Freeman, Jr., Sandwich, 1646 ; Mary m. John Leacy 
of Duxbury ; Elizabeth m. Arthur Howland, Jr., of Marshfield ; Judith 
m. Isaac Barker of Duxbury, Dec. 28, 1665 ; Hannah m. 1 st , Nathaniel 
Mayo, Eastham, Feb. 13, 1649. 2 !l , Jonathan Sparrow ; Jane, born 



1852.] First Settlers of Eastham, Mass. 235 

Nov. 1, 1637, m. Mark Snow, Eastham, Jan. 9, 1660 ; Sarah m. Jere- 
miah Hovvel of Yarmouth, 1650 ; Mercy m. John Freeman, Eastham, 
Feb. 13, 1649. See Davis's N. E. Memorial, Mitchell's Hist. Bridge- 
water, and Winsor's History Duxbury. 

Richard Rich, son of Richard, m. Anne , children, Sarah, b. 

Jan. 22, 1695-6 ; Richard, b. Feb. 28, 1698-9 ; Rebeckah, b. June 15, 
1701; Zacheus, b. Apl. 2, 1704; Obadiah, b. July 15, 1707; Priscilla, 
b. Feb. 5, 1709-10, d. July, 1716; Huldah, b. July — , 1712; Joseph, 
b. Oct. 5, 1715; Silvanus, b. Sept. 4, 1720. Richard Rich, Sen., re- 
moved here from Dover, N. H., and admitted Townsman Aug. 23, 
1681, d. about 1692; he was a mariner. 

James Rogers, son of Joseph, m. Mary Paine, Jan. 11, 1670; chn, 
James, b. Oct. 30, 1673; Mary, b. Nov. 9, 1675; Abigail, b. Mch. 2. 
1677-8. Mr. Rogers, d. Apl. 13, 1678. 

James Rogers, m. Susannah Treasey, Feb. 17, 1697-8; chn. Mary, 
b. Nov. 20, 1698; Isaac, b. Dec. 8, 1701 ; Susannah, b. Jan. 19, 1703-4 ; 
James, b. May 2, 1706 ; Abigail, b. Aug. 3, 1708; Thomas, b. Oct. 21, 
1710. Mr. James Rogers d. Sept. 8, 1751. 

Thomas Rogers, son of Joseph, m. Elizabeth Snow, Dec. 13, 1665 ; 
chn. Elizabeth, b. Oct, 8, 1666 ; Joseph, b. Feb. 1, 1667 ; Hannah, b. 
Mch. 20, 1669 ; Thomas, b. Mch. 6, 1670-71, d. March 15, 1670-71 ; 
Thomas, b. May 6, 1672 ; Eliazer, b. Nov. 3, 1673 ; Nathaniel, b. Jan. 
18, 1675. Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Rogers, d. June 16, 1678. 

Joseph Rogers, m. . ; chn. Sarah, b. Nov. 20, 1691 ; 

Elizabeth, b. Sept. 20, 1693. 

John Rogers, son of Joseph, m. Elizabeth Twining, Aug. 19, 1669 ; 
chn. Samuel, b. Nov. 1, 1671, d. Dec. 3, 1671 ; JohnA Nov. 4, 1672 ; 
Judah, b. Nov. 23, 1677 ; Joseph, b. Feb. 22, 1679 ; Elizabeth, b. Oct. 
23, 1682 ; Eliazer, b. May 19, 1685 ; Mehitable, b. Mch. 13, 1686-7 ; 
Hannah, b. Aug. 5, 1689 ; Nathaniel, b. Oct. 3, 1693. Elizabeth, wid. 
of John Rogers, d. Mch. 10, 1724-5. 

Joseph Rogers, son of Joseph, m. Susannah Doane, Feb. 4, 1660. 
Joseph Rogers d. Jan. 27, 1660-1. 

Abraham Remick, m. Elizabeth ; chn. Christian, b. Dec. 16, 

1694; Abraham, b. May 20, 1696; Marcy, b. July 29, 1698; Eliza- 
beth, b. Sept, 12, 1700. 

Seth Rider, m. Deborah Atwood, Jan. 6, 1725-6 ; chn. Deborah, b. 
Aug. 6, 1727 ; Mary, b. Aug. 6, 1735. 

Nicholas Snow, d. Nov. 15, 1676, m. Constance Hopkins, dau. of 
Stephen; ch. Mark, b. May 9, 1628. 

Mark Snow, d. about 1695, m. Ann Cook, dau. of Josiah Cook, Jan. 
18, 1654; chn. Anna Snow, b. July 7, 1656. Mrs. Ann Snow d. July 

25, 1656. m. 2 1 wife Jane Prince, Jan. 9, 1660 ; chn. Mary, b. Nov. 
30, 1661 ; Nicholas, b. Dec. 6, 1663 ; Elizabeth, b. May 9, 1666, d. 
Jan. 18, 1675; Thomas, b. Aug. 6, 1668; Sarah, b. May 10, 1671; 
Prence, b. May 22, 1674 ; Elizabeth, b. June 22, 1676, d. Mch. 22, 
1677-8 ; Hannah, b. Sept. 16, 1779. 

Lieut. Jabize Snow, d. Dec. 27, 1690, m. Elizabeth ; chn. 

Jabez, b. Sept. 6, 1670 ; Edward, b. Mch. 26, 1672 ; Sarah, b. Feb. 

26, 1673; Grace, b. Feb. 1, 1675; Thomas, b. , — , d. Apl. 2, 

1697. 



236 Dorchester Inscriptions. [July. 

INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE OLD BURIAL GROUND IN 

DORCHESTER, MS. 

Copied by W. B. Trask, of Dorchester. 
[Continued from page 182.] 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M r Ebenezer Dauenport who departed 
this Life July 19 th Anno Dom 1738 in y 8 78 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried y e Body of M :S Elizabeth Spur Wife of Robert 
Spur Esq She died July 27 1733 in y 8 73 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Johannah Bird Widow of M r Joseph Bird 
She died Aug y e 8 th 1738 in y 8 72 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y 8 Body of M rs Mary Pimer Widow of M r Matthew Pimer 
She died Oct r y 8 13 th 1738 in y e 74 th year of her age. 

Abigail Evens Dau r to Matthias Evens Jun r and Waitstill's Wife Died 
Jan 16 th 1739 aged 9 mon 8 & 14 days. 

Ann Wiswall Daughter to M r Ebenezer & Ann Wiswall Died Feb 
10 1739 aged 1 month. 

John Clap Son to M r Ebenezer Clap Jun r & M rs Hannah His Wife 
Died Febr v 19th 1738-9 aged 7 months & 2 days. 

Here Lyes y 8 Body of M' s Annah Hall Wife to M r David Hall She 
Died Feb> y 8 25 1739 in y 8 21 st year of her age. 

Adam Brown Son to M r Joseph & M rs Rachel Brown Died Feb y 1739 
aged 9 mon' & 6 days. 

Here Lyes y 8 Body of M' John Maxfield who died March 21 1739 in 
y e 69 year of his age. 

Sarah Barber y 8 Daughter of John 6c Mary Barber died April y e 26 
1739 aged 1 week & 4 days. 

David Bradley Son to John Bradley Jun & Hannah His Wife died 
June y 8 27 1739 aged — days. 

Lois Barber Daughter to M r Hezekiah & M rs Eunice Barber died 
Sept y e 2 l 1739 aged 2 ye s & 4 da s . 

Here lyes Bur'rd the Body of M r Jonathan Jones who died Sep 1 the 
12th 1739 in the 74th year of his age. 

Rachel Wiswall Daug r to M r John and M rs Sarah Wiswall aged 14 
days died Sep* 17 1739. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Elizabeth Hemenway Widow of M r Joshua 
Hemenway She died Sept ye 20 1739 in y 8 82 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y 8 Body of Lieutenant Joshua Sever who died Sep 24 AD 

1739 in y e 61 st year of his age. 

Here lyes the Body of Ann Spur Daughter to Capt n Robert Spur & 
M ra Jemima His Wife She died Nov r 13 1739 aged 18 years wanting 
one day. 

Here Lyes y 8 Body of M rs Elizabeth Barber Widow of M r James 
Barber She dec' 1 y 8 4 th of Dec r 1739 in y 8 81 st year of her age. 

Ephraim Payson Son to M r Jonathan & M rs Anne Payson He died 
Dec 19 1739 in y 8 8 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buri'd y 8 Body of M r Samuel Bird He died March 20 8t h 

1740 in y e 61 st year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried y 8 Body of M r Matthew Pimer who died April y e 
2* 1740 in y 8 37 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes y 8 Body of Hannah Weeks Daug r to M r Joseph & M r * 
Sarah Weeks She died June y e 9 th 1740 in y e 46 year of her age. 

John How Son to Mr Samuel & M rs Elizabeth How died Sept igth 
1740 in y e 8 th month of his age. 



1852.] Dorchester Inscriptions, 237 

Hannah Clap Daugr to M r Eben & M 1S Hannah Clap died Sep' 21 st 

1740 aged 5 months. 

H Hall Son to M' Richard & M rs Mary Hall still born Sep 24 1740. 

Ebenezer Robinson Son to M r John Robinson Jun r & M rs Susannah 
His Wife died Nov ye 10 th 1740 in y e 6 th year of his age. 

Grace Barber Daugh r to M r Hezekiah & M rs Eunice Barber died Dec r 
1 st 1740 aged 1 year 2 mo s & 17 days. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r John Trescott who died Jan y y e 22 1741 in 

ye 9pt y ear Q f J^g a g e> 

Ebenezer Wales Son to M r Jerijah & M rs Sarah Wales died April 21 

1741 in y e 13 th year of his age. 

Elizabeth Clap Dangle to M' Tho s & M rs Eliz" Clap died May ye 7 th 
1741 aged 14 months & 9 days. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M rs *Thankfull Evens Wife to M r Tho s Evens 
died May 14 th 1741 in y e 57 year of her age. 

Elizabeth Clap Daughter to M r Ebenezer Clap J' & M rs Hannah His 
Wife died June 22 ' 1741 aged 17 months & 12 days. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M rs Rebekah Trescott Wife to M r John Tres- 
cott She died Aug* 1 st 1741 in ye 89 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes the Body of Beulah Foster Daughter to M r James & M r8 
Priscilla Foster died Augt 12 th 1741 aged 16 years wanting 9 days. 

Abigail Pierce Daug r to M r Samuel & M ra Abigail Pierce died Oct 
4 th 1741 aged 4 years and 29 days. 

Here Lies ye Body of M rs Elizabeth Maxfield the Widow of M r John 
Maxfield She died Jan y e 20 th 1742 aged about 66 years. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M r Humphry Haman who died Febr y 1 st 1742 
in y e 70 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buri'd y e Body of M r John Robinson who departed this 
Life Feb v ye 6 th 1742 in y e 68 th year of his age. 

Sarah Tolman y e Daug r of M r Jonas & M rs Susanna Tolman She 
died Feb y e 11 1742 in y e 9 year of her age. 

Mary Adams Langley Daug r to M r Nath 1 & M rs Ann Langley died 
May 6tii 1742 aged 5 weeks & 6 days. 

Hannah Wiswall Daughter to M r Ebenezer & M rs Ann Wiswall ; 
Dec' Sep r 16 1742 aged 10 weeks. 

Here Lyes Buried'the Body of M' John Cock died NoV ye 25 1742 
in y e 85 year of his age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of Israel Hill who died Dec r 5 th 1742 in y e 64 th 
year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r John Pierce who died Jan y y e 27 1743 in 
ye 77U1 vear f his age. 

James Tolman y° son of M r Jonas & M rs Susanna Tolman died April 
y e 16 1743 in y e 10 month of his age. 

Lemuel Tolman Son to M r Daniel Tolman Jun & M rs Mary His Wife 
died April y e 28 1743 in y c 18 month of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Bathsheba Lyon who died June 26 1743 
in y e 51 st year of her age. 

Ann a negro child belonging to M r Robert Oliver^ & Daug r to his 

* Col. Oliver owned a plantation, or, was engaged in trade with some of the inhabi- 
tants of the West India Islands and brought from thence a number of African slaves. 
It was thought that the health of these slaves would be promoted, and, that they would 
prove to be in a better condition when offered for sale, if some employment were given 
them. As they had been accustomed to carrying burdens on their heads, wooden trays 
were procured for them. These were filled with earth from an eminence and deposited 
in a hollow of the land near by. 

Afterward, at the suggestion of some of his Boston friends, who called to see him, 



238 Dorchester Inscriptions. [July? 

negro Mimbo aged 2 y rs died June 1743. 

Ephraim Wales Son to M r Jerijah & M rs Sarah Wales He died June 
30 1743 in ye 19^ year of his age. 

Sarah Leeds Dau r to M r Hopestill & M" Sarah Leeds aged 11 months 
died Sep r ye 8 th 1743. 

Susanna Butt y e Daughter of M r Samuel and M 1S Margaret Butt died 
Oct y e 1 st 1743 in y e 5 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M' William Clapt who died ye 2 d of Oct r 1743 
in y e 49 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Abigail Preston Daug r to Cap tn Daniel Preston 
& M rs Mary his Wife She died Oct 9 1743 in ye 13 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Samuel Preston Son to Cap* Daniel Preston 
& M 1S Mary His Wife She died Oct 11 1743 aged 10 years wanting 12 
days. 

Joseph Breck Son to M r Edward & M IS Sarah Breck aged 2 years 7 
months & 16 days died Oct r y e 16 1743. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M ls Elizabeth Butt y e Widow of M r Nathaniel 
Butt She died Oct ye 20 1743 in ye 68 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M r Ebenezer Williams who died Nov r y e 1* 

1743 in y e 66^ year of his age. 

[Here] Lyes y e Body of M r Jacob Humfrey died Nov r 19 th [174]3 in 
ye 44th [year of] his age. 

Thomas Blake Son to M r Samuel & M rs Patience Blake Dec d ye 15 th 
of Dec r 1743 aged 1 year and 8 months. 

Here lyes ye Body of M r William Withington who died Jan y y e 4 th 

1744 in y e 53 d year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Samuel Jones He died Jan y 29 1744 in y e 
63 year of his age. 

Here L)^es y e Body of M" Lydia Jones Widow of M r Ebenezer Jones 
She died Jan v *1744 in y e 79 th year of her age. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of M r Ralph Pope who departed this Life 
Feb r> ye ] st Anno Domini 1744 in y e 71 year of his age. 

Caleb Bradley Son to M r Caleb & M rs Anna Bradley Dec d Feb 3 d 
1744 aged 6 months & 19 days. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Daniel Preston Jun r who died April y e 4 th 
1744 in ye 23' year of his age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M rs Mary Kelton who died Aug y e 25 th 1744 
in y e 26 year of her age. 

John Clough Glover Son to M r Thomas & M rs Elizabeth Glover He 
died Sept ye 2 d 1744 in y e 10 th month of his age. 

Hannah Hall Dau r to M r Richard & M rs Mary Hall aged 9 weeks 
died Sep ye 17 1744. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Aaron Bird who died Jan 7 1 st 1745 in y e 
56 th year of his age. 

< Here Lyes ye Body of M rs Mary Bird Wife of M r Aaron Bird She 
died 1 st Jan v 1745 in y e 48 th year of her age. 

Here lies 2 children of M r Benjamin & M rs Silence Tilson. 

the Colonel substituted small wheelbarrows for trays. To the amusement of the passers 
by, the laborers were seen, at first, with the barrows on their heads. Not understand- 
ing the rotary power to be applied to those vehicles, they, ludicrously made themselves 
the carriages. 

t Being at the house of his father-in-law, Hopestill Humphrey, he was informed that 
" there was a hound in the garret," — one of the pack which Col Oliver kept had 
strayed up there. Mr. C. attempting to drive the dog down, was bitten by the animal, 
which occasioned his death. 



1852.] Dorchester Inscriptions. 239 

Silence Tilson died Jan 4 th 1745 in y e 6 th month of her age. 

Elizabeth Tilson died Nov r 5 th 1748 in y e 10 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of George Wiswall Son to M r Oliver Wiswall 
Jan & M rs Mary His Wife He died Jan 12 A D 1745 aged 6 ye s 6 
months & 14 d\ 

Mary Davenport Daug r to M r Ebenazer Davenport & M rs Submit His 
Wife She died April 17 th 1745 ; aged 1 year 7 m° & 11 d\ 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Joseph Hall who Dec J June 18 1745 in y e 
72 year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried the Body of M r John Bird who died August the 
5 th 1745 in the 22d year of his age. 

Hannah Hall Da' to Mr Pelatiah & M rs Sarah Hall She died Sep 11 
1745 aged 1 month. 

John Withington Son to M r Hopestill & M rR Mary Withington died 
Sep y e 30 th 1745 aged 11 weeks. 

Here lyes the Body of Thomas Tileston Esq r who departed this Life 
Oct r the 21 1745 aged 70 years and 2 days. 

Mary White Daugr of M r John & M ,s Hannah White She died Deer 
14 1745 aged 8 months. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Experience White who died Dec y e 28 rh 
1745 in y e 74 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Thomas Baker who died Dec 29 1745 in 
y e 29 year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Subiah Kinney Daug r to M r James & M r9 
Thankful Kinney died Mar h 10 1746 in ye 7 th year of her age. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of Cap" 1 Oliuer Wiswall Who Departed 
this Life March 14 fh A D 1746 : in the 83 year of his age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M r " Sarah Withington Widow of Mr Philip 
Withington She died April 18 th 1746 in y e 76 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Mary Capen Daug r to Cap" 1 Preserved Capen 
& M rs Susanna His Wife died May 19 th 1747 iny e 17 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes Lucy Wiswall Daug r to M r John &; M rs Sarah Wiswall 
aged 3 years & 10 mon s died June y e 8 th 1746. 

Here Lyes Israel Davenport Son to M r Benajah & M" Ann Davenport 
aged 1 year 8 month 14 days died Aug y e 30 1746. 

Here lyes the Body of M r John Baker who departed this Life the 9 
of Oct 1746 in the 75 year of his age. 

Here lyes buried y e Body of M rs Bebe Preston Wife to M r Remember 
Preston ; Aged 61 Years, who Departed this Life Dec 25 1746. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Mary Withington Widow of M r Ebenezer 
Withington She died Dec y e 31 st 1746 in y e 77 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Sarah Wiswall y e Wife of M r John Wis- 
wall She died Jan y e 1 1747 aged 49 years. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M r Obadiah Swift who died Jan y y c 20 1747 : 
in y e 77 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Ruth Wales Widow of Mr John Wales 
She died Feb>' y c 29 1747 aged 52 years 10 mo s & 22 days. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Ebenezer Withington who died March y e 
9 th 1747 aged 60 years 2 mo" h 18 d". 

Here Lyes y e Body of Sarah Kinney Dau r to M r James & M rs Thank- 
full Kinney aged 4 years & 5 months Died April 9 1747. 

Here Lyes ye Body [of] M" Thankfull Searl Widow of M r Jabez 
Searl died May y e 1 st 1747 in y e 68 year of her age. 

Hannah Leads Dau r to M r Hopstill & M" Sarah Leads aged 2 years 
& 11 m° died April 1747. 



240 Dorchester Inscriptions. [July, 

A third Son of M r Hopestill & M rs Sarah Leeds born & died June y e 
10 1747. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Priscilla Beighton Wife to M r John Beigh- 
ton; who died June 23d 1747 in y e 41 st year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Abigail Pierce Widow of M r John Pierce ; 
who died June 24 th 1747 in y e 80 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r David Trott who died June 28 1747 in y e 
35 year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Rebeccah Trescott Dau r to M r John & M rs Sa- 
rah Trescott died Aug y e 4 1747 in y e 19 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M' s Hannah Clap Wife to M r Ebenezer Clap 
She died Aug* y e 9 th A D 1747 in y e 66 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M rs Waitstill Davenport Widow of M r Charles 
Davenport died Aug 9 th 1747 in y e 89 th year of her age. 

John Humfrey Son of M r John & M rs Ruth Humfrey aged 10 months 
died Augt 27th 1747. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M rs Elizabeth White Wife to M* Abijah White 
She died y e 8 th of Sep 1 1747 in y e 30 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Sarah Clap Dau r to M r Jonathan & M rs Jean 
Clap died Sep 8 th 1747 in y e 6th y ear f her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r John Wales who died Sept j* 5th 1747 j n 
y e 60 year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Joseph Blake who died Sept 15th 1747 in 
y e 18 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Samuel Trescott Son to M r John & M rs Sarah 
Trescott aged 17 years wanting 5 days He died Sep r 17 1747. 

Here Lyes P Hall Dau>" to M> Richard & M rs Mary Hall Still Born 
Sept 22d 1747. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Mary Crouch Daugr to ]y[r Wil tn & M rs Su- 
san Crouch who died Sep y e 23 1747 in the 35 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M rs Elizabeth Haws Widow of M r Richard 
Haws ; She died Nov r 13th 1747 i n y e (57 y ear f h er age. 

Cambridge a Negro boy belonging to Robert Oliver Esq 1 aged 3 years 
He died Dec' ye 14th 1747. 

Here lyes buried the Body of M r Joseph Leeds who died Dec r y e 27 

1747 in the 84 year of his age. 

Lydia Maxfield Dau^ to M' John & M rs Ruth Maxfield She died 
March 15th 1748 aged 8 months & 18 days. 

Here Lies y e Body of M r Richard Withington who died March y e 18th 

1748 in y e 69th year of his age. 

Daniel Pierce Son to M r Samuel & M ,s Abigail Pierce He died May 
27 1744 aged 1 year 7 mon s 9 days. 

Betty a Negro servant of Col Robert Oliver died Feb y e 19 th 1748 
aged about 25 years. 

Bristol a Negro servant of M 1 James Foster died June 24th 1748 aged 
about 30 years. 

Here lies buried the Body of M rs Mary Russell the wife of Capt Jo- 
seph Russell She died June y e 28 th 1748 in the 43 year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of George Bird Son to M r James & M rs Hannah 
Bird died July 12 1748 in y e 21 year of his age. 

Here lies buried the body of M rs Elizabeth Wiswall the wife of Cap 1 
Thomas Wiswall She died July the 22d 1748 in the 56th y ear f her 
age. 

Annah Tilson Dau r to M r Benj & M rs Silence Tilson She died Nov 19 
1748 in y e 6 th year of her age. 



1852.] Dorchester Inscriptions. 241 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Henry Payson who departed this Life Jan 
8 1749 aged 52 years. 

Submit Clap Daughter to M r Nathaniel & M rs Sarah Clap She died 
Janu y 11 1749 aged 3 days. 

Eli Preston Son of Cap Daniel & M rs Mary Preston He died Jan y c 
22 1749 in y e 12 year of his age. 

R Clap Son of M r Roger & M rs Susanna Clap died Feb y e 24 1749 
aged about one hour. 

Here Lyes y e Body of Priscilla Beighton y e Daug r of M r John & 
M rs Priscilla Beighton died Feb y 27 1749 in y e 15 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Hezekiah Meroth* who died March y e 16 l « 
1749 in y e 74 th year of his age. 

Here Lyes y e Body of M r Thomas Evens who died March y e 16 th 

1749 in y e 71 st year of his age. 

Here Lies y e Body of M r Thomas Moseley who died April y e 12 1749 
in y e 83d year of his age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of Mrs Mary Hayman the Widow of Mr Hum- 
phry Hay man died May 8 th 1749 in ye 77 th year of her age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of Mrs Hannah Tileston the Widow of Mr Tim- 
othy Tileston She died May 27 th 1749 aged 71 years. 

Here Lies ye Body of Mrs Jean Clap the Wife of Mr Jonathan Clap 
She died June ye 18 th 1749 in ye 35 th year of her age. 

Priscilla Leeds the Daugr of Mr Isaiah & Mrs Rebeccah Leeds died 
July 12 1749 aged 9 mons. 

T Tilestone Son to Mr Timothy & Mrs Prudence Tilestona Still Bom 
Oct 7th 1749. 

Here Lie ye Bodies of three female children of Mr John & Mrs 
Hannah White all Still Born At One Birth Oct 11 1749. 

Here Lies ye Body of Mrs Rachel Salter the Widow of Mr Richard 
Salter of Boston She died Oct 16 th 1749 aged 43 years. 

Hannah Pierce the Daugr of Mr Samuel & Mrs Abigail Pierce died 
Jan 2d 1750 aged 6 years. 

Ruth Tolman the Daugr of Mr John Tolman Jur & Mrs Hannah His 
Wife She died 9 th Jany 1750 in ye 6 year of her age. 

Susannah Tolman Daugr to Mr John Tolman Jun & Mrs Hannah His 
Wife died Jan 12 1750 aged 17 months. 

Here Lies ye Body of Mr Joseph Blake who died Jany ye 21st 1750 
in ye 51st year of his age. 

Hannah Avery ye Daugr of Mr David & Mrs Hannah Avery died 
Jany ye 22 1750 aged 22 months. 

Isaac Clap Son to Mr Nathaniel & Mrs Sarah Clap He died Jany 
29 th 1750 aged 2 years. 

Here Lyes ye Body of Mr Thomas Lyon who died Feby 9 th 1750 in 
ye 86 th year of his age. 

Hannah Clap Daughr to Mr Joseph & Mrs Abigail Clap died Feby 
14th 1750 aged 21 months & 3 days. 

Here Lies ye Body of Mrs Mary Leeds the Widow of Mr Joseph 
Leeds She died March ye 9th 1750 in ye 82 year of her age. 

Here Lies ye Body of Mr Nathaniel Clap who died March ye 18th 

1750 in ye 39th year of his age. 

Here Lies ye Body of Mr Ebenezer Clap who died May ye 20th 1750 
in ye 72d year of his age. 

* Now spelled Muoroe. 

31 



242 The Number of One's Ancestors. [July, 

Esther Davenport ye Daur of Mr Elisha & Mrs Rachel Davenport 
She died July 1 1750 aged about 11 months. 

Daniel Tolman Son to Mr Ebenezer & Mrs Mary Tolman He died 
July 21 1750 aged 2 months. 

Here Lyes ye Body of Mr Stephen Jones who died August ye 29th 
17-50 in ye 32 year of his age. 

Samuel Kinney Son to Mr James & Mrs Thankfull Kinney He died 
Sept 22 1750 aged 5 months & 10 days. 

Sarah Bass Daugr to Mr Joseph Bass Junr & Mrs Lydia Bass died 
Sept ye 27 1750 in ye 3d year of her age. 

Mary Withington Daur to Mr Samuel & Mrs Jane Withington aged 
6 months wanting 3 days She died ye 27th of Sepr 1750. 

Here Lies ye Body of Mrs Priscilla Baker the Wife of Mr James 
Baker She died Nou ye 26th 1750 in ye 33d year of her age. 

Here lies Interr'd the Remains of Mr James Blake who departed this 
Life December the 4 Anno Dom 1750 in the 63 year of his age. 

Mary Preston Daug to Mr Edward & Mrs Mary Preston She died 
Deer 5th 1750 in ye 8th month of her age. 

William Marion Son to Mr William & Mrs Thankfull Marion He 
died Deer 11th 1750 aged 3 years & 3 days. 

Here Lies ye Body of Mr Nathaniel Bradley who died Deer 13th 
1750 in ye 76 year of his age. 

Abigail Clap ye Daughter of Mr Joseph & Mrs x\bigail Clap She 
died Deer ye 24th 1750 aged 4 years 1 month & 3 days. 



THE NUMBER OF ONE'S ANCESTORS. 

14 Every person has two immediate parents, four ancestors in the sec- 
ond degree, eight in the third, and so the pedigree ascends, doubling at 
every step, till, in the twentieth [twenty-first^] generation, he has no 
fewer than 1,048,576 ancestors ; and in the thirtieth, [thirty-first,^] 1,- 
073,741,824, a number which exceeds the present population of the 
globe." — Newspaper. 

The above statement would be correct, provided there had been no 
intermarriages among a person's ancestors to the 21st and 31st genera- 
tions. But ; a single intermarriage in the fourth generation, may make 
the number of ancestors in the next, and all succeeding generations, an 
eighth less ; while one in the third generation may reduce it a quarter. 
Where intermarriages occur frequently, as they generally do among 
families that have long been located in one neighborhood, the number of 
one's ancestors is lessened very materially thereby. If we should carry 
our calculation back to our first parents, what an infinite number of 
ancestors, in that generation, we should be supposed to have had; and 
yet there really would be but two of them. J. d. 

♦These generations are the twenty-first and thirty-first, as usually reckoned, count- 
ing the person himself the first generation, his parents the second, and so ou; but they 
are really the twentieth and thirtieth generations of one's ancestors. 



1852.] Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. 



o 



13 



EARLY SETTLERS OF ESSEX AND OLD NORFOLK. 



[Continued from page 208.] 



■, da. of 



Benfield, George, m. — 

Humphrey and Bridget Bradstreet. 

Bennet, Lydia wf. of Bennet, and 

dau. of John Perkins, sen., 1650. 
John, wf. Margaret; their da. Maria, 
b. 2 Sept. 1638. Samuel, See Burt. 
Samuel, Lynn, 20 Dec. 1652 ; ae. 48 
in 1653. Henry, ae. 33, Samuel, ae. 
62 in 1670. Samuel, Lynn, buys y e I 
new built watermill there, 15 July, 

1664. Elizabeth, da. of Good- 
ale, and wid. of Henry B. 1682. Dr. j 
David, Rowley, son William. Re- | 
becca, wf, of David, whom Gov. 
Phipps calls " my biother and sister," 
1694. Anthony and Elizabeth, son 
and da. -in-law to Rich d Window, 

1665. Elizabeth, wid. of Henry, and 

da. of Goodale, of Salem, 1678. 

William, youngest son of Dr. David, 
1686. William, wf. Rebecca, 1694. 

Bett, James, Wenham, m. Sarah, wid. 
of William Ellet, 1671. 

Bewry, (?) Joseph, ae. 27 in 1653. 

Bex. See Chaxson (Jackson?). 

Bickford, George, wf. Christian, ae. 
17 in 1666. Somuel,ae. 21 in 1669 ; 
son-in-law to Edward Cottle. Sam- 
uel, Amesbury, " Jamaica, so called," 
wf. Mary, 1670. George, had a ser- 
vant Hugh Hancock, 1666. 

Biggs, Thomas, Exeter, deed to John 
Gilman, 1652; Exeter, 1657. 

Bigsby, Joseph was to m. Sarah, wid. 
of Luke Heard, 1647. Sarah, late 
wf. of Luke Heard, 1645. 

Billington, Thomas, wit 6 against Sa- 
rah Turner, 1650. 

Birdsall, Henry, wit 8 to will of John 
Sanders, 22 Oct. 1645. Henry, (Sa- 
lem?) d. 1651. 

Bishop, John, and wf. Rebecca, sell all 
y e mill and mill house to Peter Che- 
ney, 1663. Rev. John, ae. 56 in 
1962. Sarah, testifies agt. him. 
Richard, wf. Mary, da. of George 
Williams, 1654. Rebecca, Newbu- 
ry, da. Sarah B. 1663. Thomas, ae. 
52 in 1670. Townsend. 1644. Sam- 
uel, Ipswich, ae. 27 in 1672. Samuel, 
juryman, 1674. 

Bitner, William, m. Sarah, da. of Ed. 
mund and Anne Ingalls of Andover, 
1648. See Tngalls. 

Blackleach, John, wf. Elizabeth, issue 
Desire, b. 13 Apl. 1636 ; Exercise, 
b. January, 1637-8 ; Joseph, b, 8 



Jan. 1638-9 ; Elizabeth, b. Dec. 1641 ; 
Benoni, May, 1643. 

Blaisdell, Ralfe, d. Mary m. John 
Stowers. See Blesdale. 

Blake, or Black, Daniel, complains of 
wf. Faith, who was sister to William 
Smith, 1664. George Blake, Glou- 
cester, ae. 55 in 1666. Jasper, Hemp- 
ton, will 1673 ; wf. Deborah, sons 
Timothy, Israel, John, Jasper, da. 
Deborah, cousin Samuel Dalton. Jas- 
per, seaman, 1657. 

Blanch ard, Thomas, Charlestown, 
1650, and of y e same town 28 Sept. 
1652 ; came to New England in 1639. 
Thomas, Charlestown, 1650. 

Blaner, Hannah, da. of Daniel King, 
1672. 

Blaney, John, ae. 29 in 1659. 

Blanford, Stephen, Sudbury, m. Su- 
sanna, da. of deacon Robert Long, 
before 1693. 

Blesdale, Henry, Salisbury, tailor, 
1662. Elizabeth, wid. Salisbury, 
s. y. Ralph, d. before 1665 ; his 
wid. Elizabeth. Ralfe, ae. 25 in 
1667. Mary, da. of Ralfe, m. Jo- 
seph Stevens, 1667. Henrv Blais- 
dell, sen. ae. 60, March 7th," 1692-3. 

Ralph had a son-in-law Elliott. 

See Blaisdell. 

Bligh, Thomas, quaker, ae. 31 in 1658. 

Blood, Richard, 1651. Richard, Lynn, 
1652. 

Bloomfield. Thomas, 1668, late of 
Newbury ; of Woodbridge, 1668 ; wf. 
Mary. 

Boad, Mrs. Anne, Wells, agrees to 
marry Samuel Wirsley, 1657. 

Bond, John, will 31 Oet. 1675 ; wf. 
Hesther ; ch. Joseph, Mary, Abigail 
and Hesther ; Hesther m. Aquila 
Chase. 

Borman Thomas, " a very old man " in 
1671-2. Mrs. Margaret, will, 1679 ; 
sons Daniel and Thomas ; das. Mar- 
tha and Joanna, and da. Kins- 
man, da. Low, and da. 

Fellows. 

Borrell, Francis, 1646. 

Bohson. Walter, ae. 26 in 1672. 

Bosworth, Hananie!, Haverhill, 1647. 
Hannah, Haverhill, 1674. 

Boulter, Nathaniel, 1647, wf. Grace,, 
1667. Matthew, Hampton. 1648v 
Stephen, Newbury, 1698. [Nathan- 
iel, Hampton, 1644, d, 14 Mar. 1693 , 



244 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. 



[July, 



wf. Grace, ch. 1. Nathaniel, 2. Josh- 
ua, h. 1, 3, 1655 ; d. s. y., 3. Joshua, 
23, 11, 1656, d. 15, 9, 1661 ; 4. Re- 
becca, 12, 8, 1659; d. 9, 8. 1661; 
5. Grace, 27, 10, 1662; d. 26, 11, 
1662; 6. Hannah, 27, 4, 1665. 7. 
Elizabeth, 23, 12, 1668 ; m. Joseph 
Fanning, 6 May, 1679; 8. John, 2, 
10, 1672.] 

Bourne, Mary and Joanna, gr. ch. of 
Joan Cummings, who made her will 
31 May, 1644. 

Boutwell, James, will 22 Aug. 1651 ; 
wf. Alice, ch. James, John and Sarah. 

Bowen, Elizabeth, ae. 26 ; Thomas, ae. 
26 in 1654. Thomas, Marblehead, ae. 
47 in 1672. Thomas, ae. 45 in 1672. 

Bovce, Joseph, Salem, 1656 ; ae. 60 in 
1704-5. Joseph (Boice) Sen. ae. 60 
in 1669. 

Boynton, John, Sen. ae. 48 in 1662. 
William, ae. 56 in 1662. John, son 
of William, d. March, 1665. John, 
buried 18 Feb. 1670-71. Capt. Jo- 
seph, son Richard to whom he deeded 
land in 1706-7. William, Rowley, 
tailor, 1661. John and brother Wil- 
liam, 1664. Mary, da. of William & 
Mary, m. John Eastman of Salisbury, 
1672. William, Rowley, wf. Eliza- 
beth, sons Caleb and Joshua. Joshua 
lived in Newbury, Jan. 7th, 1673-4. 
Caleb, Ipswich, ae. 45 in 1695. Jo- 
seph, married, Susan, daughter of 
Richard Swan, 1678. Joshua, New- 
bury, 1679. 

Brabner, Alexander, ae. 50 and more, 
1663. 

Brabrook, Richard, 1659; ae. 54 in 
1665. Richard, ae. 55 in 1668. (spelt 
Bradbrook). Joseph (Brabrook) ae. 
20, and Rachel, 1699: Mehetabel, 
ae. 16 in 1668. 

Brackett, Thomas, Salem, inventory, 
1668. Nathaniel, (Bracket) ae. 62 
in 1710-11. 

Brad, John, ae. 24 in 1654. Edward 
(Brade) ae. 55 in 1665. 

Bradeury, Mr. Thomas, Salisbury, 
1667. Wymond, 1653. Jacob, Thorn- 
as and William, sons of Thomas, and 
gr. sons of Rev. John Wheelwright, 
1679. William, son of Mr. Thomas, 
d. 4 Dec. 1678. William, wf. Re- 
becca, 1673. 

Bradford, Robert, ae. 32 in 1664. 

Brading, James, ae. 29 in 1662. James, 
ironmonger, Boston, 1677, m. Eliz th , 
da. of Edward Bromfield, merchant. 

Bradley, Daniel, 1653, spelt Broadley. 
Daniel, Rowley, 1664; Haverhill, 
1674. 



Bradstreet, Humphrey, will, 21 July, 
proved 25 Sept. 1655 ; wf. Bridget, 
ch. Moses ; John, b. 1630 ; Hannah, 
m. Daniel Rolfe ; Martha, b. 1632, m. 
William Beale of Marblehead, 1655 ; 
Mary ; Sarah, b. 1638 ; Rebecca. 
John, Marblehead, inventory, 1660. 
Hannah, da. of Symon, m. Andrew, 
son of Thomas Wiggin, 1666. Dud- 
ley, ae. 22 in 1671. John, Rowley, 
1651 ; Marblehead, 1657. Moses and 
Elizabeth, mother, Bridget, 1664. Si- 
mon, Boston, intends to mar. Mrs. Ann 
Gardner of Salem, 17 May, 1682; 
Samuel, his eldest son whose wf. was 
Mary. 

Bragg, Thomas, ae. 20 in 1668. Thom- 
as, 1670. 

Bray, Thomas, ae. 54 in 1658. 

Breed, Allen, sen., Lynn, 1662. Id. 
ae. 70 in 1671. Joseph (Bread) ae. 
38 ; John, ae. 30 in 1694-5. 

Brewer, Thomas, ae. 14 in 1672. John, 
m. Mary Whitmore, 23 Oct. 1647; 
ch. Mary, b. 23 Sept. 1648 ; William, 
b. 6 Oct. 1653; Sarah, b. 27 Mar. 
1658. 

Bridge, John, deacon, Camlnidge, 1654. 
Capt. Robert Bridges, 1655. Ed- 
mund, quaker, ae. 46 in 1658. Hach- 
aliah, Boston, 1666, bro. Obadiah, ee. 
20, s. y. and 24 in 1669. John, ae. 
22 in 1669. Edmund, ae. 29 in 1666. 

Bridgeman, John, inventory, Nov. 1655. 

Brigden, Thomas, Charlestown, 1655. 

Bridgewater, William, 1657. 

Bright, Mr. , wit s to a will or 

deed, 1642, at Hampton. Henry, 
Watertown, ae. 78 in 1685. 

Brimblecome, John, 1660. 

Bristo. — A widow, 1652. 

Brocklebank, Samuel, Rowley, ae. 36 
in 1664 ; ae. 35 in 1663. Samuel, ae. 
36, March 29, 1664. Samuel, killed 
by Indians; wf. Hannah, ch. Samuel, 
Joseph, Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah and 
Jane ; his wid. Hannah, [ml] Richard 
Dole, 4 Mar. 1679 ; da. Marv, m. 
William Dole, 13 Oct. 1684, da. Sa- 
rah, m. Henry Dole, 3 Nov. 1686. 
They were sons of Richard Dole, 
[See Gage's Hist. Rowley.] 

Bromfield, Edward, da. Elizabeth m. 
James Brading, of Boston, ironmon- 
ger, 1677. [See Gen. Reg. v. p. 99- 
100.] 

Brookengs, William, defendant in a 
court at Salisbury, 1677. 

Brooks, Elizabeth, maidservant to John 
Mansfield, 1670. 

Broughton, Thomas, merchant of Bos- 
ton, ae. 44, 24 Nov. 1658. 



1852.] 



Early Settlers of Essex ana Old Norfolk 



245 



Brown, or Browne, William, Salem, 
1672. Stephen, Newbury, will 3 Aug. 

1656 ; wf. Sarah, ch. Sarah, m. 

Ordway ; Abigail, m. Rogers; 

Anne; Mary; John; Stephen. Na- 
thaniel, Hampton, wf. Hannah. John, 
Hampton, " y e first summer." Henry, 
ae. 56 in Apl. 1671, wf. Abigail. 
William, m. Mary, da. of Samuel 
Smith of Enon (now Wenham) sons 
John and William, 1612. Thomas, 
Lynn, 1653. George, Sen. will 15 
Oct. 1653; invento. 21 June, 1654; 
was of Lynn ; ch. Francis, John and 
George. William, wit. John Jack- 
son's will, 1656. John, Cambridge, 
ae. 27 in 1658. Edard., Ipswich, 
will 9 Feb. 1659-60; son Thomas, 
dec 1 , wf. Faith ; sons Joseph and 
John, and daus. (not named), bro. 
Bartholomew. Richard, d. in New- 
bury, 26 Apl., 1661; sons Joshua, 
Rich* 1 and Edmund ; das. Eliz ll >, Sa- 
rah and Mary ; bro. George ; son Jo- 
seph dec' 1 . John, Hampton, 1647 and 
1652. Henry, Salisbury, shoemaker, 
1654. George, Salisbury, buyes a 
house, 1645. George, wf. Ann, of 
Haverhill, 1653. John, Sen. Hamp- 
ton, wf. Sarah, son John, 1667. 

George, m. Eaton, d. of John 

E. of Haverhill, 1667. Wm. Glouc- 
ester, will 29 Apl. 1662 ; wf. Mary, 
da. Marv : son-in-la. Abraham Rob- 
inson. John, Boston, ae. 30 in 1665. 
Jonathan, Salem, inventory, 1666. 
Charles, ae. 42 ; Thomas, ae. 40 ; 
Mary, ae. 31, in 1668. Thomas, ae. 
50, Nov. 1668. Thomas, Marblehead, 
ae. 45 in 1669. John, m. Hannah 
Collins, da. Francis C. 30 June, 1669. 
Nathaniel, 1669. Thomas, ae. 47 in 
1670. Richard, wf. Elizabeth, 1658. 
George, will, 26 May, 1642; bro. 
Richard ; nephew Joseph. Henry, 
shoemaker, Salisbury, 1658 ; Edmund 
d. at Moevis, 1677. James, 1674, 
late teacher at Portsmouth, sells to 
Geo. [?J Edward, 1678, wf. Faith ; 
they left 2 sons, Joseph and John. 
The wid., Faith, m. Daniel Warren, 
da. Lydia Brown. William, Sen., 
Salem, ae. 57 in 1672. John, ae. 38 
in 1672. 

Browning, Thomas, will 1670, four 
das., no sons; da. Towne, da. Sim- 
ons, da. Williams, and da. Meacham. 
Thomas, Salem, ae. 73, in 1660. See 
Scarlet. 

Brown inson, John, ae. 16 in 1665. 

Bruiiett. — See Haynes. 

Brush, Richard, ae. 18 in 1658. 

Bryant, Bredan, ae. 25 in 1665. 



Bryer, Ellen, Newbury, 1665. Ellen, 
once servant to Henry Jaques, 1666. 

Buckman. — See Haynes. 

Burbank, John, will 5 April, 1681 ; 
wf. Jemima ; sons, John and Caleb, 
and da. Lydia. 

Burd, John, ae. 30 in 1665. 

Burden, Robert, m. Hannah, da. of 
William Witter of Lynn, 1650. 

Burgess, Robert, ae. 40 in 1662. John, 
1669. Robert, Lynn, 1672. Robert, 
ae. 36 in 1656. 

Burnap, Mary, ae. 26 in 1669. 

Burnell, John, had a bequest from 
Lawrence Southwick, 1659. George, 
1661, had a son John. 

Burnham, Thomas, ae. 40 in 1659 ; wf. 
Mary, da. Joanna, m. Simon Tuttle, 
s. y. John, son of Thomas, ae. 33 
s. y. Thomas, 27 Nov. 1662. Mary, 
ae. 45; Joanna, ae. 16; Lydia, ae. 
24 ; Mary, ae. 18, in 1670. Thomas, 
wf. Mary ae. 46 in 1670. John, wf. 
Mary, 1654. 

Burrill, Samuel, ae. 17, James, 13 1-2, 
Joseph, 11 1-2 in 1671. John, ae. 30 
in 1665. George, Lynn, 1654. 

Bursjley, John, Hampton, 1647. John, 
Newechwannock, 9 Sept. 1650. 

Burt, Hugh, the elder, Lynn, and Sam- 
uel Bennet, are presented by y e gr d . 
Jury " for common sleepers in time of 
exercise," and fined 2 s . 6 d . each, 1644. 
Hugh, Jun. Lynn, left a wife and 2 
ch. 11 Dec. 1650. Hugh, Lynn, 
(prob.) ae. 70 in 1661. Hugh of 
Lynn, d. 2 Nov. 1661, son-in-law W m . 
Bassett, bro. John d. in London; sons 
Hugh and Edward. 

Burton, John, Jr., ae. 20 in 1661. 
John, ae. 58 in 1665. Thomas and 
John, 1649. 

Busbee, Martha, once y e wid . of An- 
thony Sadler, 1656. Robert, (Busby) 
ae. 22 in 1664. 

Bush, Edward, ae. 28 in 1670. 

Buswell, Samuel, ae. 38 in 1666. 
William, (no date). Samuel, planter, 
Salisbury, 1662. Isaac, Salisbury, 
buys land, 1654. William, Salisbury, 
planter, 1663. Samuel, wf. Sarah, 
1662. William, weaver, 1662 ; son 
of Isaac, 1650. Samuel, ae. 38 in 
1666. 

Buckbee, (Bugbee?) Thomas, ae. 58 
in 1672. 

Buckman, Samuel, m. Martha, wid. of 
Thomas Haynes, 1685. William, 
Pascataqua, 1670. 

Buffum, Damaris, da. of Joseph Pope 
of Salem, 1666. Robert, wf. Thom- 
asine, ch. Lydia, b. 19 Feb. 1644-5. 



246 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. 



[July, 



Thomasine, wf. of Robert, was da. of 

Bacon. Robert, wf. Tamozin, 

inventory, 15 Nov. 1669. 

Bullard, Richard, 1664. 

Bullock, Henry, Salem, will 21 Dec. 
1663 ; wf. Elizabeth ; son Henry, 
dec d . left a son John, dau. Elizabeth, 
and son Thomas. Henry, wf. Susan. 
Susan, d. 2 Nov. 1644. 

Bunker, George, inventory, 1658. Died 
in Topsfield, s. y. 26 May. George, 
Ipswich, wf. Jane , who after- 
wards was m. to Rich d Swain of 
Hampton, bef. 1660. 

Burdin. — See Witter. 

Burton, Thomas, inventory, 1654. 
Elizabeth, ae. 38 in 1645. 

Butler, John, wit. to Tho. Milward's 
will, 30 Aufft. 1653. Daniel, ae. 54 
in 1665. Daniel, ae. 24 in 1666. 

Button, Matthias, a Dutchman, Haver- 
hill, 1658, wf. Tegell or Teagle. 
Elizabeth, da.-in-la. of John Wheeler, 
of Newbury, 1667. [Matthias, came 
over with the first governor of Massa- 
chusetts (Endicott) in 1628. He was 
" living in a thatched house " in Ha- 
verhill as late as 1670, and gave the 
Rev. Thomas Cobbett some of the 
facts communicated to Dr. Iucrease 
Mather, of the early troubles with the 
Indians. He d. in 1672.] 

Bylie, Mr. Henry, Salisbury, left, a 
wid. Rebecca, who m. Mr. John Hall ; 
ch. of Henry and Rebecca were Hen- 
ry and Rebecca, 1649. John (Bailey) 
Newbury, will, 28 Oct. 1651 ; proved 
13 April, 1652 ; son John, bro. Jno. 
Emery, Sen., wf. in England. Re- 
becca, wid. of Mr. Henry, m. Rev. 
John Hale of Beverly. See Hale. 

Calton, (Carlton ?) See Crosby. 

Came, Thomasine, Marblehead, ae- ab. 
80 in 1702. Alexander, Boston, 1665. 

Candall, (Kendall?), Thomas, d. 15 
Nov. 1646. 

Cannon, Robert, wf. Sarah, ab. 1680. 

Canterbury, Richard, ae. 20 in 1658. 
William (Cantlebury,) Salem, 1663 ; 
ch. John and Ruth. 

Carley, Philip, Exeter, 1667. 

Carrington, Edward, wit. an instru- 
ment at Boston, 1667. 

Carlton, John, Haverhill, 1665. Mr. 
Edward (Carleton) Rowley, 1662. 
John, 1663. See Calton, Jewett. 

Carr, John, ae. 22 in 1661. George, 
ferryman, presented, 1641. 

Carroll, Mary, ae. 35 in 1672. Na- 
thaniel, ae. 44 in 1682. 

Cass, John, Hampton, buvs house of 
W. English, 1652; m. Martha, da. 
Thomas Philbrick, Sen. 1667. John, 



will, May, 1674; wf. Martha; ch. 
Joseph, Samuel, Jonathan, Ebenezer, 
Abigail, Mercy and Mary. John d. 
7 April, 1675. John, his IIII (mark) 
1648. He m. Martha Philbrick. 
[John s. of John, m. 1 st , Mary Hobbs 
19 Dec. 1676 ; she d. 23 July, 1692 ; 
ch. John, b. 21, 6, 1680; Mary, 26 
Feb. 1686, m. Col. Ichabod Rnby, 10 
Jan. 1707; 2*, Elizabeth, wid. of 
James Chase, and da. of Thomas 
Philbrick. Samuel, s. of (the 1st) 
John, in. Mary Sanborn, 7 Dec. 1681. 
He was b. 13 July, 1659. Gen. Lew- 
is Cass, of Michigan, is a descendant 
of John Cass and Martha Philbrick] 

Carter, Ensign John, Wooburn, 1654. 
Thomas, Salisbury, 1660-67. Thom- 
as and wf. Mary, Woburn, 1665. 
William, 1668. Bethia, ae. 23 in 
1669. Thomas, Salisbury, will, 1676 ; 
wf. Mary, ch. John, Samuel, Mary, 
Martha, Elizabeth, Abigail and Sa- 
rah. Ensign John, Woburn, 1653-4. 

Carthrick, Michael, will, 16 Jan. 
1646-7 ; wf. Sarah ; sons, John and 
Meldred. 

Cartland, (Cirtland or Kirkland 1) 
Nathaniel, 1667. 

Cartwright, Elizabeth, will 1640. 

Cary, George, ferryman, Salisbury, 
1641. 

Cawlie, Thomas, will proved 1672 ; 
wf. Mary, son Banjamin. See Par- 

MENTER. 

Chackwell, Nicholas, ae. 27 in 1671. 

Chadwelll, Thomas, Lynn, 1640, 
1643. 

Chaffey, Matthew, buys Dr. John 
Clark's farm, Dec. 1651. 

Ciiallis, Philip, 1653. Philip, wf. 
Mary, Salisbury. 1662. Philip Wat- 
son, gr. son of Wm. Sargent, 1670-1. 
Philip left 8 ch. viz. William, Philip, 
Thomas, John, Elizabeth, Lydia, 
Mary and Hannah, 1681. 

Chandler, Thomas, ae. 32 in 1661. 
William, ae. 28 in 1664. W T iliiam, 
ae. 48 in 1664, Newbury. John and 
Thomas bros. 1663. Thomas, ae. 37 
in 1665. William, ae. 54 in 1670. 
Ens. Thomas, ae. 43 in 1671. Wil- 
liam, ae. 54 in 1671. Thomas, ae. 
64 ; William, ae. 56, in 1692. 

Chaplin, Hugh, Rowley, will proved 
31 Mar. 1657 ; wf. Elizabeth, ch. not 
named. Joseph, ae. 22 in 1669. 

Chapman, John, ae. 19 in 1654. Ed- 
ward, Ipswich, 1671. Dorothy, wf. 
of Edward, formerly wf. of Thomas 
Abbot, 1676. John, Ipswich, d. 19 
Nov. 1677. Edward, Ipswich, will 
9 April, 1678; wf. Dorothy, da. of 



1852.] 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk 



247 



Richard Swain of Rowley, and men 
tions father Symonds ; ch. Symon, 
Nathaniel, da. Mary, wf. of John 
Barney. Simon, ae. 54 in 1698. See 
Barney. 
Charkeswell, John, 1650. 
Charles, William, 1646. William, ae. 

74 in 1669. 
Chase, Thomas and Aquila, Hampton, j 
1640. See Bond. Aquila, Hampton, j 
1649. Aquila and wf. Anne, pre- 1 
sented for gathering peas on the Sab- 
bath, 1646, Aquila and Thomas, 
bros. early settlers in Hampton ; 
James, gr. son of Thomas Philbrick 
of Hampton, 1666. Tho 8 . ae. 23 in 
1667. 
Chaxson, (Jackson?) John, vs. Bex, 

1659. 
Ciieelcraft, Richard, cousin to Rebec- 
ca Bacon, 1655. 
Cheever, Ezekiel, says he m. 18 Nov. [ 
1652, but to whom he does not say. 
Id. wf. Ellen, of Boston, son Thomas 
of Maiden, 1681. 
Cheney, Peter, in a deed of 1709, men- 
tions ch. Iiuldah, m. Worcester ; 

Jemima, m. Rich d Pettingell ; Han- 
nah, m. Lionel Chute ; Lydia, m. 
Jeremiah Poor ; Eldad, m. Martha 
Worcester of Bradford ; Ichabod, b. 
22 Sept. 1685. Peter, buys a mill, 
1663. See Kenrick, Bishop. 
Child, Mr. John, testimony, ae. 25 in 

1653. 
Choate, John, ae. 32 in 1660. Joseph 
and wf. Rebecca, 1702. John, 1651. 
John, wf. Anne, ae. ab. 40 in 1664. 
John, ae. 46 in March, 1671. 
Chubb, Thomas, Sen., ae. 75 in 1684. 
John (Chub) Ipswich, ae. 18 in 1669. 
Church, Benjamin, Duxbury, owned 
lands in Hampton 1670. Abigail, da. 
of John Severance of Salisbury, 
1665. Benjamin, Duxbury, 1671-2. 
Jonathan gr. son of John Severance, 
1682. 
Churchman, Hugh, will 1640. 
Chute, James, Jun r , ae. 19 in 1668. 
Lionel, schoolmaster in Ipswich, will, 
4 Sept. 1644 ; James, only son; wf. 
Rose, da. of Samuel Symonds, or his 
son James Chute. See Cheney. 
Clap, Edward, overseer of Alderman's 
will, Salem ; Prudence, her two das.; 
Nicholas, his two das. ; Ezra, son of 
Edward ; Nathaniel, son of Nicholas, 
1657. 
Clark, Arthur, 1639. Nathaniel 
(Clarke) bro. to Jo«iah, 1707. Thom- 
as, ae. 40 in 1658. Josiah, tailor, 
Boston, bro. Nathaniel, 1707. John, 
(Clark) ae. 28 in 1658. Edward, Ha- 



verhill, 1654, 1658. Emanuel, ae. 
45 in 1666. Edward, Haverhill, car- 
penter, wf. Dorcas, 1655, 1666. Dr. 
John, farm granted in Newbury, 23 
Feb. 1637-8. William, Salem, d. 
and inventory, 25 June, 1647 ; wf. 
Catharine. Thomas, ae. 48 in 1654. 
Thomas, ae. 25 in 1663. Daniel, ae. 
36 in 1664. Edward, ae. 43 in 1664. 
John, Wenham, 1667. John, ae. 25, 
s. y. Thomas, Reading, ae. 44 in 
1667. Tho*., ae. 30 in 1668. Eman- 
uel, 1669. Jonathan, ae. 69, s. y. 
John, Hampton, 1676. Jonathan, ae. 
21 in 1669. Dr. John, Ipswich, 8 
Mar. 1647-8. Id. sells farm in New- 
bury to William Boynton, 1657. Id. 
sells farm to Matthew Charley, Dec. 
1651. Elizabeth, wf. of Nathaniel, 
da. of Henry and Judith Somerby, 
1657. William, will 1679; ch. John, 
Hannah, Lydia, Sarah, Mary and 
Elizabeth. John, Beverly, wf. Sa- 
rah. Adam, ae. 17 in 1672. Edw d . 
son-in-law of Walter Tibbets. 1651. 
John, ae. 22 in 1663. 

Clement, Robert, Haverhill, will 1658 ; 
sons, Robert, John, Abraham, Dan- 
iel ; das. Sarah, m. Abraham Morrill ; 

, m. Moses Pengrew, [Mary] 

m. John Osgood. John, Haverhill, 
1653. xMary, 1695, formerly Mrs. 
Mary Osgood, came from Coventrv 
after 1652. Robert, Haverhill, d. 29 
Sept. 1658 ; ch. Job, Robert, John, 
Abraham, Daniel, and 3 das. married. 
Job, Dover, tanner, wf. Lydia, 1658. 
Robert, wf. Elizabeth, 14 Mar. 1661-2. 
Robert, cooper, s. y. Robert, ae. 30 
in 1664. John, bro. of Robert, cast 
away and d. intest. 21 July, 1659. 
Robert, will, 1682. Samuel, m. Ruth, 
da. of Joseph Peaslee of Haverhill. 

Clifford, John, m. Elizabeth Richard- 
son, 28 Sept. 1688, Susannah, had 
a bequest from Susan Leader, 1647. 
John, wf. Eliz<\ 1696-7. John, 
Lynn, 1696-7; wf. Elizabeth. 

Clinton, Lawrence, 1666 ; ae. 24 in 
1666. Andrew, ae. 24 in 1670. 

Clough, John, Salisbury, house car- 
penter, 1662. John, 1666. 

Coates, Robert, ae. 36 in 1663. 

Coale, George, inventory, 23 June, 
1653. 

Cobham, Joseph, Commissioner of Sal- 
isbury, 1653. Josiah, Boston, cloath- 
ier, 1658. Josiah, wf. Mary, sells 
to Edward Cottle, 1653. 

Coburn, John, 1666. Edward (Co- 
bourne) ae. 40 in 1666. John, ae. 21 
in 1667. Robert, ae. 60 in 1668. 
Edward, 1667. 



248 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Nojfolk. 



[July 



Cockerell, William, inventory, 1666. 
Codnam, Robert, Hartford, appoints 
Samuel Hall of Salisbury his attor- 
ney, 1650. Robert, Seabrook fort, 
mariner, 1654. Clement, ae. 40 in 
1666. 
Codner, John, ae. 40 in 1655. Chris- 
topher, inventory, 1660. John, ae. 
34 in 1660. John, Marblehead, ae. 
79 in 1699. John, ae. 40 in 1665. 
John, ae. 50 in 1672. John, ae. 44 
in 1669. 
Coe, Matthew, presented, 1647. 
Coffin, Hon. Nathaniel, merch. tailor, 
1707. James, cordw. Stephen, tai- 
lor, 1707. Tristram, Sen. and wf. 
Dionis sells house and house lot in 
Haverhill, 1647. Tristram, Jr. tai- 
lor, Newbury, 1654. Tristram, Sen. 
sells land to Samuel Poore, 1652. 
T. C. Jr. to John Emery, 1657-8. 
Peter, ae. 30, in 1664. Tristram, ae. 
39 in 1671. James, son-in-law of 
John Severance, 16P2. 
Cogswell, William, Ipswich, 1659. 
William, 1668. John, wf. Elizabeth, 
and 2 sons, John and William ; James 
had lived with Cogswell 15 years. 
William, wf. Susanna, 1654. John, 
had a son-in-la. Cornelius Waldo, and 
wf. Elizabeth. William, Ipswich, 
deed, 1700. , m. Mar- 
tha Emerson. 
Comer, Richard, m. da. of Humphrey 

Gilbert, 1651. 
Compton, William, buys land of Dan- 
iel Ladd, 1662. 
Coker, Robert, will 28 Sept. 1678, d. 
19 Nov. 1680; ch. John, Benjamin, 
Sarah, wf. of Lieut. James Smith ; 
Hannah, wf. of Daniel Lunt. Jo- 
seph, m. Mary Woodbridge, vvid. of 
Thomas, ae. — 1695. 
Colburne, Robert, ae. 60 in 1667 ; ae. 

65 in 1672. 
Colby, John, (Coleby) 1652. Antony, 
planter, 1653. John, 1652. Isaac, 
Salisbury, planter, 1663. Anthony, 
Salisbury, 1645, but not living in 
1663. Susanna, wid. sells, 1663. 
Samuel, 1664 ; Susanna, m. Wm. 
Whitred, 1664. Samuel and Isaac, 
hros. 1665. Anthony, d. intestate, 
1661 ; ch. Samuel, John, Isaac, Re- 
becca, and Sarah, wf. of Orlando 
Bagley. Frances, wid. of John, 1674. 
John, will, 22 Jan. 1673-4; wf. Fran- 
ces, ch. John (eldest son), Thomas, 
youngest ; Sarah, oldest da.; Eliza- 
beth, Frances, Mary and Hannah. 
Thomas, son of Anthony and Susan- 
na. 1676. Samuel, ae. 53 in 1692-3. 



Samuel, m. Elizabeth Sargent, 1670- 
71. See Bagley. 
Coldam, Clement, 1653. Thomas, ae. 
60 in 1662. Clement, ae. 40 in 1666. 
Clement, ae. 40 in 1667. Thomas 
(Coulddam) ae. 25 in 1663. 
Colcord, Edward, ae. 59 in 1674 ; 
Hampton, 1650. Edward, ae. 56 in 
1673. [Hampton bef. 1645; ae. 61 
in 1676; wf. Anne. He d. 10 Feb. 
16S1 ; ch. 1. Jonathan, d. 31,6, 1661, 
ae. 21; 2. Edward, killed by the In- 
dians, 13 June, 1677 ; (he may have 
been older than Jonathan) ; 3. Sam- 
uel, m. Mariam before 1682 ; 4. 

Hannah, m. Thomas Dearborn, 28, 
10, 1665; 5. Sarah, m. John Hobbs, 
30, 10, 1668 ; 6. Mary, m. Benjamin 
Fifield, 28, 10, 1670; 7. Shua, b. 12, 
4, 1660 ; 8. Deborah, b. 21, 3, 1664 : 
9. Abigail, 23, 5, 1667 ; 10. Mehit- 
able, m. Nathaniel Stevens of Dover, 
20, 10, 1697]. 

Cole, William, 1639. William Hamp- 
ton, 1656, wf. Eunice. John, wit- 
ness, 1650. William, sells Tho s . 
Webster a planting lot, 1656. Wil- 
liam, Hampton, carpenter, 1661, 
Abraham, wit. 1663. Isaac, Exeter, 
millwright, 1671. Abraham, wit. 
1645. William, Hampton, will 1662. 
Nicholas, ae. 30 in 1666. 

Coleman, Thomas, Newbury, 1652. 
James (Colman) servant to William 
Cogswell of Ipswich, 1659. Thom- 
as, wf. Mary, wid. of Edmund John- 
son, 1649. John, Nantucket, "son 
and br. to Thomas late of Newbury, 
decsd. ? ' 1695. Thomas, Newbury, 
1652. Thomas, presented, 1650-1. 
Thomas, Hampton, 1660. Thomas, 
ae. 60 in 1662. John, Gloucester, 
d. 1665. James, 1668. Margery, 
3 d wf. of Thomas. 

Collicut, Richard, ae. 52 in March. 
1655-6.' 

Collins. See Brown. Johnson: 
John, ae. 54 in 1658. John, Jr. ae. 
24, and Mehetabel, ae. 22 in 1660. 
Christopher, 1654. Henry, ae. 55 
in 1662. John, Jr., ae. 28 ; James, 
ae. 20, in 1664. John, ae. 30 in 

1665. Henry, Sen. Lynn, 1662. 
Thomas, Sen. Gloucester, 1666. Ab- 
igail, da. of Richard Johnson of Lynn, 

1666. Francis, da. Hannah [m.] 
John Brown, 1669. Zacheus, ae. 22 
in 1669. John, Gloucester, will 1674 ; 
wf. Joane ; ch. John, James, Anna 
and Mary. Robert, father to Daniel 
Rolfe, 1672. John, ae. 30 in 1662. 
Benj n . m. Martha, da. of John Eaton. 



1852.] 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. 



249 



Conant, Joshua, inventory, 1659. Ex- 
ercise, son of Roger, ae. ab. 72 in 
1708. 

Candy, Samuel, ae. 33 in 1664. 

Conn. — London, [Negro?] ae. 24 in 
1670. 

Conner, Cornelius, formerly serv 1 to 
Richard Goodale, 1666. Henry, ae. 
17 in 1669. Cornelius, ae. 35 in 
1672. 

Cook, Richard, ae. 48 in 1658. John, 
inventory, 1650. Henry, inventory, 
1662 ; ch. Isaac, ae. 22; Samuel, ae. 
20; John, ae. 14; Judith, 18; Ra- 
chel, 16 ; Mary and Martha, 12 ; 
Henry, 8 ; Hannah, 4. John, Ips- 
wich, 1664. John, ae 20 in 1668. 
Richard, ae. 58 in 1672. 
oolye, John, Ipswich, 30 Mar. 1654. 
oombs, Michael, ae. 28 in 1662. 
ooper, Timothy, Lynn, 1652. 

Cordin, Dr. Richard, complaint against, 
1663. 

Corey, Giles, ae. 55 ; Mary, ae. 43, in 
1672. 

Corlis, George, wf. Joanna, 1659. 
John, ae. 21 in 1669. A dau. of 
George, m. Thomas Eastman. An- 
other da. m. Samuel Ladd. 

Cornish. See Cummings. 

Corwine, Samuel, Elizabeth, 1652. 

Corwithen, David, Sen. 1649. 

Cosens, Isaac, Haverhill, and Eliza- 
beth, prob. his wf. 1653. Isaac, and 
Ann his wf. Boston, sell to Edw«*. 
Clark of Haverhill, 1658. Isaac 
(Cousins) Boston,, locksmith, wf. 
Elizabeth, 1656. Isaac, Haverhill, 
1659. 

Cottle, Edward, buys of Cobham, 

1653. Edward, wf. Judith, Salisbu- 
ry, 1662. William, wf. Sarah, New- 
bury, 1666. Edward, ae. 50 in 1667. 
Edward, fa.-in-la. to Samuel Bick- 
ford. See Bickford. 

Cotton, William, ae. 48 in 1661. Wil- 
liam, 1653. Mr. Seaborn, ae. 35 in 
1669. William, butcher, Boston, 

1654. Seaborn, m. Prudence, wid. 
of Dr. Anthony Colby. 

Coultman, (Colman I) One wit. a 
will, 1642-3. 

Cowes, Giles, ae. 27 in 1672. 

Coxe, Moses, Hampton, 1640. Pru- 
dence, da. William Marston, 1650. 
Moses, da. m. Francis Jennings. 

Coye, Richard, came over with his bro. 
Matthew in 1638; sister Mary, m. 
John Lake of Boston ; she was ae. 
43 in 1654-5 ; Richard was 13 in 
1638, and Matthew was 15. Richard, 
1652. 

Coyt, John and Solomon, brothers, 

32 



Gloucester, 1651. 

Crade, Francis, ae. 50 in 1681. John 
(Croade) inventory, 1671. Richard, 
Salem, son of Richard and Anstice 
(Croade) of Frampton, Dorset Co. 
England. 

Craford, Mordecai, Salem, wf. Judith, 
1663. 

Crafts, William, 1667. Ephraim, 
1667. William, 1671. 

Cram, John, Exeter, wf. Hester, ch 
Benjamin, Thomas, Lydiaand Marv 
1665. 

Crawley, Thomas, Exeter, 1646. — 

[ Crawley was living at Sturgeon 

Creek, 1677. In April of that year 
the Indians under the noted Symon, 
plundered his house, " but did not 
kill him, because he had shown kind- 
ness to Symon's grandmother." Book 
of the Indians, 195.] 

Cresse, Michael, ae. 30 in 1658. Mi- 
ghill (Cresie) ae. 40 in 1669. 

Crispe, Richard, merch. m. Sarah, da. 
of Rev. John Wheelwright, 1650. 

Crocker or Crooker. 

ae. 28 in 1670. 

Croix. See La Croix. 

Cromwell, Thomas, ae. 43 in 1660. 
Philip, ae. 74 in 1686. Thomas, wit. 
to a will, 1654. Thomas and Anne 
wit. a will 1655, Salem. Dorothy, 
ae. 57 in 1662. Philip, ae. 50 in 
1664. Thomas, ae. 42 in 1667. 
John, ae. 45 in 1671. Thomas, John, 
Salem, 1682. Philip, ae. 74 in 1686. 

Crosby, Dr. Anthony, wid. Prudence 
Calton, relict of, 1673. Anthony, ae. 
23 in 1659. Joseph, ae. 25 in 1665. 
Prudence, wid. of Dr. Anthony, m. 
Rev. Seaborn Cotton. Mr. Anthony 
m. Prudence Ward, 28 Dec. 1659. 
Hannah, m. John Johnson, 1 Dec. 
1655. 

Cross, Robert, son Stephen, 1660. 
John, Sen. Ipswich, 1647. Isaac,. 
Exeter, 1651. John, Ipswich., inven- 
tory, 1652. Stephen, Ipsw'ich, 1667. 

Robert, m. Jordan, 1671. 

Robert, ae. 24 in 1666. Anna, ae. 
21 in 1671. Robert, sen. ae. 55 in 
1668 ; wf. Ann. John, Ipswich, wf. 
Anne, da. Hannah, 1650. Robert^. 
Ipswich, sons Stephen and Robert. 
Robert ae. 21 ; Stephen se. 17 in 1667. 
Martha, da. of Robert, wf. of Wil- 
liam Durkee, 1664 p] See Dur- 

KEE. 

Croun (Crown). Col. William, ae. 

50 in 1667. 
Crow, Deliverance, ae. 30 in 1654. 
Cuddington, Henry, Boston, 1670. 
i John, Boston, 1650. 



250 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. 



[July 



Cummings, Jone or Joan, will, 1644 ; 
son John C. and goodman Cornish. 
Sarah (Cumengs) da. of Thorras 
Howlet, and wife of 1666. John 
(Cummins) Salem, d. 1663. Isaac, 
Sen. ae. 65, Topsfleld, 1666. Isaac, 
Sen. will 1676; son Isaac; sons-in- 
la. John Jevvett and John Pease. — 
See Shipley. Bourne. 

Cunne, Daniel, 1668. 

Currier, Richard, wit. 1645. Richard, 
wf. Ann, 1654. Hannah, da. of Rich- 
ard, m. Samuel Foot, 1700. Sam- 
uel, Haverhill, m. Mary, da. of 
Thomas Hardy, 1670. Richard, ae. 
47 in 1664. 

Curtis, Henry, ae. 34 in 1654. Wil- 
liam, ae. 34 or 37 in 1667. William, 
ae. 37 in 1668. Zacheus, ae. 53 in 
1672. William, ae. 40 in 1670. 

Curwen, Capt. George, ae. 55 in 1672. 

Cushin, David, Exeter, 1655. Daniel, 
(Cushing) Hingham ? 1655. 

Cutler, Samuel, ae. 71 in 1700. Sam- 
uel, Marblehead, 1654. 

Cutting, Capt. John, Charlestown, 
1651. 

Dalton, Samuel, Hampton, ae. 38 in 
April, 1668. William, 1654. Tim- 
othy, Hampton, 1649. Philemon, 
1649. Ruth, wid. of Timothy, 1663- 
4. Ruth, wid. will, 1665 ; cousin 
Deborah, wf. of Nathaniel Bachiler ; 
cousin Samuel Dalton's son Timothy, 
and cousin Deborah Smith. Samuel, 
m. Mehetabel, da. of Henry Palmer, 
1676. Samuel, cousin to John Jas- 
per, 1671. See Blake. 

Damaresque, John, ae. 19 in 1691. 

Dane, Francis, son-in-law of Edmund 
Ingalls of Lvnn, 1648. Francis, Mr. 
ae. 48 in 1664. John, ae. 62 in 1665 ; 
ae. 55 in March, 1666, and 57 in 
1670 ; ae. 60 and upwards, 10 Jan. 
1677-8. Nathan, ae. 19 in 1664. 
See Sharratt. 

Danforth, William, ae. 26 in 1663. 
Rev. Samuel, ae. 48 in 1674. Wor- 
shipful Thomas, Cambridge, 1654. 

Daniels, Ann, sister of Joseph Prince, 
1654. Stephen, 1656. Stephen and 
wf. Ann, 1677. 

Danielson, James, ae. 20 in 1653. 

Darling, John, wf. Kate, 1657. 
George, ae. 50 in 1670. 

Davenport, Richard, forem. gr. Jury, 
1643. Id. ae. 58 in 1664 ; says he 
lived in Salem from 1631 to 1643. 

Davis, James, had a son-in-law James 
Gild, 1656. Samuel, ae. 33 in 1657 ; 
James, ae. 35 in 1672. William, 
Boston, apothecary, 1651. James, 



Sen. wf. Cicely, Haverhill, 1661 
ae. 60 in 1663. James, 1655. Thom 
as, Haverhill, wf. Christian, son Jo 

seph, 1659. James, m. Eaton 

da. of John of Haverhill, and had < 
son John. John, ae. 52 in 1662 
Thomas, Haverhill, 1665. John, Jr 
ae. 24, and John, ae. 60 in 1668 
Thomas, ae. 66 in 1669. John. Oys 
ter River, had a son John, 1671 
James, Sen. Haverhill, will 17 Mar 
1675-6; ch. John, Ephraim, Samuel 
and Sarah, wf. of John Page, Jr 
Ephraim, d. in Haverhill, 1681 ; ch 
Stephen, Ephraim, Thomas, Jon- 
athan, Mary, Susanna, Hannah. To- 
bias, 1662. John, ae. 52 in 1662. 
Davison, Nich., Charlestown, 1643. 
Joanna, wid. of Nicholas, 1665. 
Daniel, ae. 40 in 1670. See Low. 
Daws, John, 1653. 
Dawson, Margaret, relict of Daniel, 

late of Ipswich, 1693. 
Day, Anthony, ae. 37 and 40, in 1664, 
so he says. Id. ae. 43 in 1667. 
Thomas, ae. 17 in 1668. Sarah, ae. 
19 in 1670. Thomas, inventory, 
1670. John, wf. Sarah, 1671. 
Deacon, John, ae. 60 in 1662. 
Deale, William, Haverhill, 4 Mar. 

1661-2. 
Deale, William. Haverhill, wf. Mary, 
will 1665 ; mentions two daughters. 
Deane, Elizabeth, da. -in-law of Hugh 
Sheralt, 1670. Daniel, Mistick, 1658. 
[Elizabeth did not marry a Deane but 
a Deare.] 
Dearborn, Godfrey, witness, 1657* 
Henry, m. Elizabeth Marian, 1671. 
[See Genealogy at large in vol. ii.] 
Deare. See Deane. — Griffin. 
Decker, John, Exeter. 1672. 
Deckane, Nicholas, Beverly, 1668. 
Dellaber, Joseph, Constable, 1660. 
Dellon or Dellan, William, 1659. 

Dennis, , sister of Ann Scarlett, 

1642-3. Thomas, 1671. James, ae. 
30 in 1672. 

Denison, John, m. Symonds. 

Daniel (Dennison) wf. Patience ; da, 

Elizabeth m. Rogers, 1673. 

Devereux, John, ae. 55 in 1672 ; ab. 

80 in 1696. 
Devorix, John, Marblehead, 1662. 
Ann, ae. 43 in 1664. Ann, Marble- 
head, ae. 20 in 1667. John (Deve- 
rick) ae. 45 in 1666. 
Dew, Thomas, m. Sarah Wall, 1663. 
Dexteu, Thomas, the elder, of Lynn, 

1643. Thomas, Lynn, 1639. 
Dickinson, John, wit. to a deed in Ips- 
wich, 1647. John and Ann, Salis- 



1852.] 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. 



251 



bury, 1662. John, ae. 22 in 1667. 
James, ae. 29 in 1670. 

Dickman, Hugh, 1661. 

Dill, George, master of ship Goodfel- 
low, 1654. John, ae, 21 in 1661. 

Dimont, Jonathan, ae. 44 in 1672. 

Dinan, Mary, m. Jonathan Wilt of 
Lynn, 1665. 

Dix, Ralph, 1647. 

Dixey, William, ae. 62 in 1669. 

Dod, John, ae. 28 in 1648. 

Dodge, John, ae. 22 in 1661. William, 
son-in-law to Roger Haskell, 1666. 
William, ae. 30 in 1671. Richard, 
Beverly, will 1670 [ ?] Edith, [wf. ?] 
ch. Richard, Samuel, John, Edward 
and Joseph ; da. Mary, m. 



Herrick ; bros. William and Michael 
in England. Richard, Salem, buys 
land of Roger Haskell, 1655. Wil- 
liam, son-in-law to Roger Haskell, 
1672. John, Beverly, ae. 63 in 1700. 

Dole, Dr. John, Newbury, 1693. Rich- 
ard, 1654. Richard, ae. 46 in 1670. 
Thomas, 1672 1 See Sanders. 
Brocklebank. [See Coffin's Hist. 
Newbury.] 

Dolhoff or Dolhert, Christian, wf. 
Rachel, cousins to Thomas King late 
of Exeter, deed, 1667. 

Doliber, Joseph, ae. 40 in 1669. Tris- 
tram, d. 3 July, 1664. 

Dorman, John, inventory, 1662. 

Douglass, , Boston, 1647. 

Douston, John, ae. 27 in 1670. 

Dove, Matthew, 1666. 

Dow, Thomas, will 29 May, 1654 ; 
proved 8 Apl. 1656 ; wf. Phebe ; ch. 
John, Thomas, Steven, Mary, Mar- 
tha. Henry, ae. 40 in 1674. John, 
deceased, left one child in 1673. 
Henry, Hampton, 1649. Henry had 
2 wives, son-in-la. Thomas Nudd, 
1619. Henry, Sen. will, 1659, d. 
25 April, s. y.; wf. Margaret; ch. 
Henry, Joseph, Daniel, Thomas, 
Jeremiah, Mary, Hannah. Thomas, 
Newbury, 1653. Joseph, ae. 30 in 
1068. Henry, ae. 35 in 1669. Thom- 
as, inventory, 4 July, 1676. Henry, 
m. Hannah, da. of Deac. Robert 
Page ; sons, Joseph, Samuel, Symon 
and Jabez. Thomas, ch. Daniel, 
Henry, Joseph, Thomas, Hannah, 
wf. of Jonas Gregorie of Ipswich, 
1673 [?] Thomas, ae. 30, and Dor- 
cas ae. 24 in 1672. See Moulton. 

Downer, Joseph, Newbury, 1680. 
Robert, Newbury, 1661 ; Salisbury, 
1665. Robert, wf. da. of John Ea- 
ton, 1682. 

Downes, John, ae. 48 in 1009. Wil- 
liam, Boston, m. Hannah , men- 



tions our bro. Samuel Appleton, and 
Gr. father Wm. Payne, 1676. 

Downing, Theophilus, Salem, 1647. 
Richard, ae. 27 in 1664. Richard, 
1665. Emanuel, wf. Lucia, 4 Aug. 
1656. Richard, wf. Mary, Marble- 
head, 1667. 

Drake, Robert, Hampton, will 1663 ; 
ch. Abraham, Nathaniel, Susanna. 
Nathaniel had 2 das. viz. Rachel and 
Jane. Abraham had Susanna, Sa- 
rah, Mary, Elizabeth and Hannah. 
Robeit of Exeter, owned house in 
Hampton, 1650. [Robert, N. Eng. 
ab. 1636 ; Exeter bef. 1649 ; Hamp- 
ton 1650, d. there 14 Jan. 1668, ae. 
88; ch. 1. Nathaniel 2 , b. 1612, m. 
(2dly, probably) Jane, wid. of Wm. 
Berry of Little Harbor ; 2. Susan- 
nah 2 ; 3. Abraham 2 , b. 1620, wf. 
Jane. Nathaniel 2 probably removed 
to N. Jersey; Abraham 2 had ch. 1. 
Susanna 3 , m. Capt. Anthony Bracket, 
who was killed by the Indians ; 2. 
Abraham 3 , b. 29 Dec. 1654, wf. Sa- 
rah ; 3. Sarah 3 , b. 20 Aug. 1656 ; 
4. Mary 3 , b. 25 Mar. 1658 ; 5. Eliz- 
abeth 3 , b. 11 July, 1660 ; m. perhaps 
Thomas Beadle of Salem, 18 : 7 : 
1679 ; Hannah 3 , b. 14 Oct. 1662 ; 
Robert 3 , b. 27 Sept. 1664, d. 6 Feb. 
1743, m. Sarah Knowles, 19 Oct. 
1716. She d. 1742, ae. 65. Abra- 
ham 2 lived in Hampton, (where he 
was an original settler) was Marshall 
of the old county of Norfolk, and his 
descendants (in the same name) have 
occupied the same farm to the present 
time.] 

Dudley, Samuel, Exeter, 1651. Eliz- 
abeth, ae. 16 in 1668. 

Due, Elizabeth, witness, 1682. 

Dummer, Richard, sons Shubael of 
York, William of Boston, 1673. 
Thomas, bro. to Richard, 1656. 
William, son of Jeremiah and Ann, 
1680. William, son of Richard, d. 
prior to 24 Nov. 1680. Samuel, 
nephew to Gov. Dummer, lived in 
Wilmington, 1674. 

Duncan, Peter, wf. Mary ; merch. 

Gloucester, 1663. , m. 

Symonds. 

Durand, William, a witness, 1660. 

Durgin, William, ae. 35 in 1678, when 
he testified about a meadow near 
Goddard's Creek. 

Durkf.e, or Dirke or Durgee. Wil- 
liam, m. Martha, da. of Robert Cross, 
1664. 

Dutch, Osmund, ae. 60 in 1663. Grace 
ae. 50 in 1061. Mary, wf. of Robert, 
ae. 36 in 1005. Samuel, Gloucester, 



252 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk, 



[July, 



son of Osmund, 1666. Robert, ae. 
45 in 1666. Elizabeth, ae. 22 in 
1670 ; Mary. Robert, ae. 35 in 
1658. John, gr. son of Walter Ro- 
per, 1647. 
Dymond, Thomas, New London, ae. 

28 in 1670. 

Eares. See Hubbard. 

Earle, Ralph, Sen. Portsmouth, R. I. 
1647. 

Eastman, Sarah, ae. 50 in 1671 ; Rog- 
er, ae. 60 s. y. Id. house-carpenter, 
wf. Sarah, 1658-9. John, son of 
Roger, wf. Hannah, 1667. Nathan- 
iel, m. Elizabeth Haddon. Joseph 
and Benjamin, sons of Roger, one a 
weaver, the other a tanner, 1676. 
Philip, Haverhill, wf. Mary, 1679. 
Timothy, Suffield, Co. Hampshire, 
Ms. Thomas and Philip, Haverhill, 

brothers ; Thos, m. , da. of 

George Corlis. John, Salisbury, m. 
Mary, da. of William and Elizabeth 
Boynton, of Rowley, Nov. 1672. 
Sarah, da. of Roger, m. Solomon 
Shepard, 1691. Philip, now, 1695, 
of New Roxbury, alias Woodstock, 
formerly of Haverhill, wife Mary, 
da. , m. John Morss of Wood- 
stock. See Boynton. Corlis. 

Eaton, John, da. , m. George 

Brown, 1667. Id. da. m. Robt Dow- 
ner, 1682. William, ae. 54 in 1658. 
John, Haverhill, cooper, 1653 ; wf. 
Martha, 1664. John, Plaverhill, d. 

29 Oct. 1668 ; ch. Thomas, John, da. 

, wf. of George Brown, da. 

Ruth, wf. of John Ingalls, da. Eliza- 
beth, and da. Ann. John, will 1668, 

• see above. William, Reading, ae. 
60 in 1666-7. John, d. 30 Oct. 1682 : 
wf. Martha ; ch. John, Ephraim, 
Samuel, Thomas, Martha, m. to 

Benj n Collins ; , m. to Dr. 

, Groth ; , m. Robert 

Downer. Martha, sister of Eliz th 
Wells. William, ae. 54 ; John, 22, 
Woburn, 1658. John, ae. 40 in 
1659. 

Eburne, Samuel, ae. 50 in 1661, and 
Samuel, Jr. ae. 22. Samuel, ae. 56 
in 1666-7. Samuel, ae. 87 in 1697. 
Catharine, da. of James Smith of 
Marblehead, 1659. Samuel, ae. 58 
in 1669. Moses (Eborn) m. da. 
Humphrey Gilbert, 1656-7. 

Edmunds, William, ae. 42 in 1659. 
William, wf. Ann, 1665. 

Edwards, James, ae. 31 in 1668 ; Mar- 
blehead? William, ae. 32 in 1670. 
Thomas, shoemaker, Lynn, 1649. 
Dorothy, da. of Robert Moulton. 
Martha, ae. 25, and Matthew, ae. 25, 



in 1658. John, ae. 40 in 1672. Rob- 
ert and Matthew, sons of y e wid. of 
Robert Hawes. 

Ecles, or Eccl.es, Richard, ae. 40 in 
1654. 

Ela, Daniel, ae. 23 or 24 in 1656. Id. 
Haverhill, tanner, 1659. Daniel, ae. 
30 in 1664. 

Elderkin, John, Lynn [?] 1644. 

Elford, Tristram, Gloucester, ae. 40 
in 1664. 

Elithorp. See Batt. 

Elkins, Henry, will 27 Apl. 1667; 
ch. Gershom and Eleazer. Oliver, 
ae. 63 in 1713-14. Henry, Hamp- 
ton, will 27 April, 1667; ch. Ger- 
shom, Eliezer. 

Ellet, William, d. intestate, wf. Sa- 
rah, da. Sarah, 1670. 

Ellingwood, Ralph, ae. 60; Eleanor, 
ae. 33 in 1670. 

Elliott, Edmund, Salisbury, planter, 
1658. Edmund, son-in-law of Ralph 
Blaisdell, or to Jarret Hadden, 1678. 
This son-in-law lived in Amesbuiy. 
Richard, Beverly, inventory, 1664. 
Andrew, Beverly, 1668. Edmund, 
Salisbury, son-in-Ja. to Jarret Had- 
don, 1654. 

Ellis, Thomas, 1669. Thomas, ae. 
40 in 1672. 

Elson, Lewis, servant to Richard Hub- 
bard of Ipswich, 1668. 

Elvin, Mr. Richard, fa. -in-la. to Chris- 
topher Young of Great Yarmouth in 
Norfolk, old England. 

Elwell, Robert, Gloucester, 1654. 
Joseph, ae. 16 in 1665. Isaac, ae. 
24 in 1666. Samuel, ae. 36 in 1672 ; 
Joseph, ae, 23, s. y. 

Emerson, Nathaniel, ae. 28 in 1659. 
John. Thomas, Ipswich, wf. Eliza- 
beth, son Joseph ; John, wit. 1652. 
Nathaniel, Ipswich, says, my bro. 
pastor of y e church in Gloucester, 
1682. Nathaniel, Sen. ae. 60 in 
1691. John (Rev.) Gloucester, had 
3 das., Ruth Newman, Martha Cogs- 
well, and Dorothy. , m. 

Symonds. 

Emery, John, buys land of Tristram 
Coffin, Jr. 1657-8. George, Salem, 
1646. William, ae. 25 in 1653. 
John, Sen. and John, Jr., Newb?, 
1652. George, ae. 53 in 1662. John, 
Sen. ae. 70 in 1670, and John, ae. 
42 s. y. John, Sen. ae. 31 or there- 
ab. in 1679. John, Sen. ae. 50 in 
1678. George, ae. 53 in 1662. 

Endall, Richard, 1670. Richard ,'1672. 

Endicott, Zorobabel, agreed to m. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Kimball of Wenham, 1677. 

English, William. See Cass. Wil- 



1852.] 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. 



253 



liam, Ipswich, shoemaker, 1652. 
William, Ipswich, 1647. 

Eppes, Daniel, 1669. , wf. of 

Eppes and da. of Samuel 



Symonds, 1653 

Errington, Thomas, Lynn, 1650. 

Estick, Elizabeth, 1646. 

Estow, William, will, 1655; da. Sa- 
rah, m. Morris Hobbs, da. Mary m. 
Thomas Marston. [William, Hamp- 
ton, 1639, d. 23 Nov. 1655.] 

Estwick, Edward, inventory, 1666 ; 
ch. Elizabeth, ae. 14 ; Sarah, ae. 12 ; 
Hannah, ae. 10 ; Esther 7, and Ed- 
ward 4. Edward, mariner, 1649. 

Esty, Jeffrey, Salem, 1642. 

Eyer. See Ayer. 

Evans, William, 1653. William, 
ae. 40 in 1666. 

Eveletii, Susannah, ae. 50 in 1657. 
Sylvester, Gloucester, 1666, inn- 
holder. 

Ewell, Mary, Boston, wid. da. of 
Richard Goodale, 1683. John, m. 
Mary, da. of Richard Goodale. 

Ewens, John, Newbury, 1669. Wil- 
liam, ae. 46 in 1666. 

Eymans, Edward, ae. 40 in 1663, Ha- 
verhill. 

Fairfield, Walter, ae. 78 in 1710, son 
of John of Wenham. John, Wen- 
ham, inventory 11 Dec. 1646; wf. 
Elizabeth ; sons Benjamin and Wal- 
ter. John, will prov d 5 July, 1647 ; 
ch. Walter, John, and Benjamin who 
was ae. 14 in 1666 ; widow Eliza- 
beth m. Peter Palfrey. John, ae. 28 
in 1669. Walter, ae. 18 in 1670. 
John, Ipswich, 1672. 

Fairweatiier, John, son of Mary, m. 
Goodhue. 

Fall, Philip, ae. 42 in 1691. 

Fanning, William, ae. 27 in 1669. 

Farley, Michael, came from England 
in 1675, serv 1 to Sir Richard Salton- 
stall, as was also his Michael. 

Farnswortit, Matthias, weaver, Grot- 
on, 1664. 

Farnum, Thomas, ae. 24 in 1656-7. 
John, m. Rebecca Kent, 12 Nov. 
1667. 

Farr, George, Lynn, will, prov<i. 26 
Nov. 1662 ; ch. John, Lazarus, Ben- 
jamin, Joseph, Mary, Martha, Eliza- 
beth and Sarah. 

Farrar, George, m. Ann Whitmore, 
16 Feb. 4643-4; Marv, b. 6 Jan. 
1645; Martha, b. 25 Feb. 1646-7; 
George, b. 9 May, 1650. Thomas, 
ae. above 50 in 1669 ; had das. Sa- 
rah and Elizabeth. Id. 55 in 1672. 
[Came to Lynn in 1640, lived in Na- 



hant st. and d. Feb. 23, 1694. His 
wife Elizabeth, d. Jan. 8, 1680. Son 
Thomas, m. Abigail Collins, Mar. 3, 
1681, sworn Freeman, Ap. 18, 1691, 
Selectman of Lynn, 1692, and 4 ds. 
Hannah, Sarah, Susanna, and Eliza- 
beth. Thomas, Sen r . sworn Free- 
man 1689. Lewis 1 Hist. Lynn. See 
also Lynn Records, Reg r . Vol. 5, p. 
251. 254. George Farrow killed by 
Indians at Wells, Me. Sept. 27, 1676. 
Hubbard's Indian Wars, p. 51. lb. 
mentioned in Ipswich Records, 1637, 
1643, and 1656, also on the Treasu- 
rer's Book (Rich d Russell) in 1647, 
8, and 1650. Ms. Gen 1 Soc? Li- 
brary.] 
Farrington, Edmund, ae. 67 in 1661. 
John, Lynn, inventory 14 May, 1666. 
Edmund, owned a mill with John, 
s. y. Elizabeth, wid. of John, m. 
Mark Graves. Matthew, bo't part of 
a tide mill in Lynn. 

Faulkner, David, Boston, ae. 33 in 

1653. 
Fawne, John, Ipswich, 1651. 

Fellows, James, Sen: Samuel, ae. 60 
in 1679. Ephraim, ae. 32 in 1671. 
William, will [1675?] Newbury 
Newtown, 1667. Samuel, Salisbury, 
planter, 1648. William, ae. 50 in 
1659. See Borman. 

Felt, Moses, ae. 63, and George, ae. 
52 in 1714. 

Felton, Nathaniel, ae. 78 in 1693. 
Mary, ae. 35 in 1661. Nathaniel, 
ae. 50 in 1666. Benjamin, Salera, 
1647. Nathaniel, ae. 78 in 1695, 
and 82 in 1697 ; so he says, and 85 
in 1700. Nathaniel, ae. 84 in 1700. 
Id. bro. of Rebecca Bacon, 1672. See 
Pelton. 

Feris, Richard, 1662. 

Field, Darby, 1647. Alexander, Sa- 
lem, 1652. Mary, da. of William 
Phillips. 

Fifield, William, ae. 55 in 1669, 
Hampton. Id. 1645. Giles and wf. 
Mary, Charlestown, 1657. William, 
Hampton, 1654. 

Filrrook, or Filbrick. See Phil- 

BRICK. 

Firman, Thomas, Ipswich, wf. Sarah, 

1648. 
Fiske, William, Wenham, inventory, 

1654. David (Fisk) Cambg. ae. 30 

in 1654. Phinehas, 1652. James, 

wit. a deed in Haverhill, 1659. 

James, wf. Anne, Haverhill, 1659. 

Thomas, ae. 34 in 1664. Joanna, ae. 

35 in 1666 Thomas, ae. 40 in 1070 



254 



Early Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk. [July, 



Fitt, Abraham, \vf. Sarah, son-in-law 
of Symon Thompson or Tompson, 
1656. Ipswich, 1676. 

Flanders, Jane, wife of Stephen, 1648. 
Stephen, Salisbury, 1660. 

Fletcher, Mr. Seth, minister of Wells, 
1656. Witness in York, 1653. Jo- 
seph, Salisbury, husbandman, 1666. 
Joseph, ae. 26 in 1662. Seth, 
Hampton, 1654. Joseph, Salisbury, 
wf. Israel, 1677. 

Flint, William, ae. 58 in 1661. 
Thomas, will 1 April, 1663; ch. 
Thos., George, John, Joseph, and 
Elizabeth. 

Flood, John, ae. 27 in 1679 ; witness d . 
Rev. John Wheelwright's will, Jo- 
seph, Lynn, 1643. 

Floyd, John, ae. 32 in 1668. John, 
ae. 30 in 1667. 

Fogg, Samuel, Hampton, 1650. Id. 
1653. Samuel (Fogge) will 1672 ; 
wf. Mary, ch. Samuel, eldest son ; 
Daniel, Seth, James, Mary, Han- 
nah ; father-in-la. Deac. Robert Page, 
bro. Thomas Ward, bro. Benjamin 
Shaw. Ralph, Salem, 1644. 

Follet, William, Ipswich, (?) 1652.) 

Folsom, John, Exeter, 1655. Samuel, 
1665 ; wf. Mary. 

Foot, Samuel, m. Hannah, da. Rich- 
ard Currier. Joshua of Suffolk, 
1653. Pasco, will 20 Sept. 1670 ; 
ch. Isaac, Samuel, Pasco, Abigail, 
and Mary, and Elizabeth who m. 
Bertch. . John, 1671. 

Footman, Thomas, 1652. 

Ford, James, ae. 26 in 1666. Id. ae. 
29 in 1671. John, ae. 33 in 1670. 
John, Haverhill, 1670, son-in-la. of 
Steven Kent. 

Foss, John, shipwright, Strawberry 
Bank, 1671 ; wf. not named. 

Foster, Renold, will 30 April, 1680; 
wf. Sarah; ch. Renold, Abraham, 
Isaac, Jacob, William, Sarah, wife 
of William Story, and Mary, wife of 
Francis Peabody. Mary, da. of 
W m . Jackson "of Rowley, 1680. 
J«hn, ae. 59, and Abraham, ae. 76, 
•t Ipswich, 1704. Edw d . d. intes- 
tate in 1672. 

Fowler, Joseph, Ipswich, 1651. 

Salisbury, 1662. Samuel, 1665. 
Thomas, ae. 26 in 1662. Phillip, 
ae. 21 in 1671. Id. Ipswich, 1668. 
Philip, ae. 73 in 1671. Id. father of 
Margery, wf. of Cristopher Osgood, 
1650. Joseph, Ipswich, 1651. 
Philip the elder, was above 80 in 
1671-2; wf. Martha, sons Joseph 
and Philip. Joseph, ae. 32 in 1672. 
Thos. ae. 33 in 1669. See Winsley. 



Frame, Thomas, Amesbury, tailor ; 
1710, wf. Mary. 

Francis, John, 1655. 

Franklin, William, Boston, wf. Alice, 
da. of Robt. Andrews; he says late 
wife, 2 April, 1641 ; his 2d wife was 
Phcebe. 

Franks, John, ae. 32 in 1669. 

Frayle, Geo. Lynn, d. 9. Dec. 1663. 

Freame. See Frame. 

Freeze, James, ae. 40 in 1682. 

French, James, John, Sen., Edward, 
no date. Thomas, ae. 22 and 
Ephraim 25 in 1658. Edward, 1642. 
John, Edward, Joseph, all of Salis- 
bury, tailors, 1653. Joseph, tailor, 
son of Edward, 1662. Samuel, son 
of Edward, 1668. Thomas, ae. 32 
in 1666-7. John, ae. 26 in 1668. 
Edward, will 1673 ; speaks of his 
great age, wf. Ann ; son and grand-s. 
Joseph; Symon, son of Joseph ; son 
and grand-s. John ; son and grand-s. 
Samuel ; to Edward, son of Joseph ; 
Anne, da. of Joseph ; Mary, Han- 
nah and Sarah, das. of son John ; da. 
Philbrick. Thomas, Sen. Ipswich, 
will 1680 ; wf. Mary ; ch. John, 
Mary (Smith) Samuel and Thomas. 
Hannah, m. John White who d. in 
1666. 

Friend, John, will 4 Jan. 1656, Salem ; 
ch. Samuel, James, Bethiah, and 
Elizabeth Pecker. Samuel, Man- 
chester, 1652. Mary, da. of James 
Moulton, 1679. 

Frink, John, Ipswich, will prov d Sept. 
1675 ; wf. Mary, sons John and 
George. 

Frost, John, ae. 33 in 1670. 

Fuller, Giles, an early settler in 
Hampton ; Dr. Matthew, Barnstable. 
John, wit. 1654-5. John, ae. 39 in 
1660. William, 1650. John, Sal- 
isbury, 1643. Giles, 1653. Wil- 
liam, ae. 73 in 1681. Anne, ae. 79 
in 1662 ; will ; widow, had son-in- 
law Richard Leach. John, 1662. 
James, ae. 22; John, 24, in 1668, 
wf. Elizabeth. James, Ipswich, ae. 
23 in 1670. Giles, inventory, 8 
April, 1673. Capt. Matthew, Barn- 
stable, 1673. Giles, son of Roger, 
late of Topcraft, Co. Norfolk, Eng. ; 
Susanna, his sister, m. Thomas 
Thurton of St. Buttolphs, Bishop's 

Gate in 1667. Dr. , Barnstable, 

1678. William, Hampton, ae. 73 
in 1681 ; went fr. Ipswich to it ; had 
a brother and son John ; the last ae. 38 
in 1681. William, blacksmith, 1648. 

Furbush, John, ae. 34 in 1661. 

Furnell, John, ae. 57 in 1664. 



[To be continued.] 



1852.] Historical Reminiscences. 255 

HISTORICAL REMINISCENCES. 

BY JEREMIAH SMITH BOIES.* 
[Communicated by W. J. Adams, Esq., of Boston.] 

In writing the biography of one's family or friends, we may 
sometimes be subject to the charge of egotism ; but in relating 
some events which occurred during the life of my parent which 
have not been matter of record, or long since forgotten, will be an 
apology. As few instances happen in which so long a space only 
during the life of father and son, (145 years) something of an 
historical nature may have occurred, as in the following remarks. 

Mr. James Boies, father of the writer, was born in Ireland in the 
year 1700, and emigrated to this country when only six years old, 
with the family of his parents, and when a youth lived with a 
farmer in Med ford, Massachusetts bay, who was in the practice of 
furnishing supplies to the Inhabitants of Boston, by the road to 
Charlestown ferry. 

The first occurrence worthy of notice, is the great change of 
climate in the winters of that period to those of more modern 
years, especially in the quantities of snow. I have heard him 
relate the following fact to which he was a witness, and happened 
about the winter of 1715 ; the snow fell to an unusual depth, with 
much of drift, causing great distress to the then thinly settled 
inhabitants ; among the number was a Widow, living in a one- 
story house with her children, who had her buildings situate on 
the road to Charlestown, called milk row, so deeply covered with 
snow that it could not be found for many days, untill discovered 
by the smoke issuing from above the snow bank ; her small stock 
of fuel was exhausted, and some of the furniture was also burnt 
to keep them from suffering, before the snow could be removed. 

The emigrations from Ireland to Boston, in the middle of the 
last century, was effected by the Merchants, who sent their Ships 
for that express purpose, and Mr. Boies made several voyages as 
Supercargo, to ship Emigrants ; upon the conditions that each 
person being a protestant of fair character to pay five guineas, 
but those of like character unable to pay, were received, on condi- 
tion, that upon their arrival, the Owners of the Ship should be 
authorized to sell their services to labor for their passage money, 
but the time in no instance should exceed three years, and many 
of them became valuable citizens. 

About the year 1750, Mr. Thomas Hancock, Mr. Bearing and 
others of Boston, being desirous to introduce the Manufacture of 
paper into the Province, erected a Mill in Milton, procured utensils 
and such workmen as could be obtained, but after a few years 
experimenting, found it a losing business, ceased operation, and 

* Died in Boston, March 29, 1851, Jeremiah Smith Boies, aged 89. He graduated 
at Harvard University in 1783, and was the last survivor of his class. He was early 
connected with the cotton manufacture, then in its infancy, and was part owner arid 
manager of one of the first large, cotton mills in the State. Under his prudent and 
scientific direction, amid difficulties and ignorance that we of the present day can hardly 
appreciate, this factory soon became eminently successful. [American Almanac, 1852. 



256 Historical Reminiscences. [July, 

sold the premises for a small sum, to .Mr. Jeremiah Smith of 
Milton, who permitted it to remain unoccupied, until Mr. Boies 
who married his Daughter about the year 1760, learning that a 
Mr. Clark, an Englishman, had arrived and was capable of 
managing the business, entered into copartnership and made satis- 
factory experiments, but the water privilege being inadequate, 
purchased another from the heirs of Mr. Jackson on Neponsit 
river, where a Slitting mill had been burnt, and there erected a 
Mill, which proved productive, and which may be considered the 
commencement of the manufacture of paper in New England. 

In 1770 he made his last voyage to England, carrying the first 
news of the Massacre in King street, Boston. 

Previous to the American revolution, it appeared to have been 
the policy of the British government to discourage Manufactures 
in her Colonies ; as one instance, after Mr. Jackson had erected a 
Slitting mill to facilitate the manufacture of nails, an Act was 
passed to prohibit any other Mills of the kind being built in the 
Colony of Massachusetts, except the two then in operation, one in 
Norton, the other in Milton. At the commencement of the 
revolution Mr. Boies rebuilt the slitting mill which had been burnt ; 
the business proved profitable to himself, and beneficial to the 
American army, and for the supplies made he received a Vote of 
thanks. After a life of usefulness, he died at the age of ninety- 
six years, and was succeeded by his youngest son, who writes the 
following remarks : 

Previous to the revolutionary war, Governor Hutchinson resided 
in Milton, where his urbanity of manners had universally endeared 
him to the Inhabitants, but when it became publickly known that 
he was hostile to American liberties, and after he was in Boston, 
either by his own desire or that of his friends, it was requested to 
have a Certificate of good Citizenship, signed by as many of his fel- 
low Townsmen as could be prevailed upon, to forward to the British 
Government; but only three could be persuaded to sign their 
names, and the patriotism of the Inhabitants compelled them 
afterwards to make a publick recantation. 

The following Anecdote of the manner of his leaving Milton, 
was not generally known. Many who adhered to the British 
policy, in the neighboring towns, hurried into Boston: among the 
number was Governor Hutchinson, who, fearing to leave openly, 
or to continue in his own house, passed the principal part of the 
night of June 1, 1774, with a friend in whom he could confide, in 
a small tenement on Milton Landing so called, and before the 
night expired, a British man-of-war's boat received him at Milton 
wharf, and passed down the river in safety to Boston. 

When General Washington took the command of the American 
Army at Cambridge, in 1775, the British troops were limited in 
their possessions to the Town of Boston, Bunker hill in Charles- 
town, and the Islands in Boston harbour. He early rcconnoitered 
the surrounding country, and finding the Heights in Dorchester 
(now South Boston) unoccupied by British troops, and perceiving 
that Cannon planted thereon would command the entrance to the 
port, he determined there to erect a Fort, in the following Spring, 



1852.] Historical Reminiscences. 257 

as early as the frost would permit excavation. In the course of 
the winter he ordered ro be made on the neighboring farms, a large 
amount of facines, to expedite the building of the fort, which, if 
done in the daytime must have been immediately in sight of the 
Enemy. The facines were made of white birch poles without 
being deprived of their branches; many of them were growing on 
the land of my father in Milton, and as he was a zealous son of 
liberty, willing to contribute, that the enemy might have no 
suspicion by intelligence from Spies, where they were intended to 
be used, they were ordered to be deposited in Brookline. About 
the 12th of March, numerous teams were employed, to be there 
at the close of the day, to load and convey the same through 
Roxbury and over Dorchester Neck of land to the heights ; when 
they reached Dorchester the command of the teams was given my 
father, who, whilst attending that duty on horseback, took me, 
his little son, (then less than fourteen years) to take care of his 
horse, whilst the father might have occasion to dismount, to issue 
orders; in passing, great caution was given to each teamster, not 
to speak aloud to his team. The facines were unloaded on the 
summit of the hill, without being discovered in Boston, although 
they could plainly see several of the Inhabitants open and shut 
their doors. Then commenced the fortification, which, in the course 
of the night was so far completed as to mount about half a dozen 
six pound cannon, without a movement being perceived by the 
Enemy. On the dawn of the following morning the British Army 
was surprized to behold a fortress, as if built by magick. After 
taking a survey of the premises from their boats, a battle was 
determined upon, and an attack was resolved upon, to take place 
the following night, simultaneously from three points of departure, 
One detachment to cross over the Cove in boats, where the South 
Boston bridge is now built, the second over Boston Neck through 
Roxbury, and the third but largest from Castle William, to land 
on the southerly side of the heights. 

As a battle was anticipated by Washington, he had ordered out 
a large detachment of Militia from the adjacent towns. In the 
mean time Cannon of a larger calibre were mounted in the fort, 
and as many men employed through the day for preparation as 
could find room to labour. The trees growing in the vicinity 
were cut down and drawn around the foot of the hill, with their 
branches protruding from the fort, to embarrass an approaching 
enemy. Another unusal mode of defence was resorted to, 
viz : filling a large number of Casks with earth, and placing 
them on their bilges near the top of the hill, that upon the 
approach of the enemy, the checks were to be removed when the 
Casks would roll on the approaching enemy to break their ranks. 
The number of troops with a large band of Militia, would have 
occasioned great slaughter in case of an attack. But an Allwise 
Providence frustrated" the plan of operations. After the British 
forces were ready for attack, a violent storm of wind and rain 
arose, so powerfull that the boats from the Castle would be unable 
to baffle the mighty tempest. When the storm subsided, the 
British Commander finding the defence too strong, relinquished 
33 



258 Genealogical Items relating to Dover, N. H. [J Lily, 

the design of attack, a parley ensued, and proposals to surrender 
the Town free from threatened destruction was accepted by Wash- 
ington, and the fleet and army left Boston harbour, never to return. 

The Boy who had the care of his father's horse, in the tempest 
on Dorchester heights, then only thirteen years old, now lives at 
eighty-three, to pen this little narrative. 

Boston, 30th May, 1845. Jeremiah Smith Boies. 



GENEALOGICAL ITEMS RELATING TO DOVER, N. H. 

Communicated by Mr. Alonzo H. Quint, of Dover. 
[Continued from page 39.] 

Fry, William, had wife Hannah. They were "Friends;" children, William, 
iborn 7, 12, 1694, (married Abigail, daughter of Ebenezer Varney, and removed to 
Kittery); John, b. 6, 26, 1698; Benjamin, b. 11, 9, 1701, Joseph, b. 3, 12, 1704; 
, b. 9, 3, 1710. 

Ftjrber, William 1 , was born in 1614 (or by deposition, in 1615). He came 
from London; was at Dover in 1637; was freeman in 1653; was taxed 1648, and (at 

B. Pt.) 1662 to 1672. He had grants of land in 1652, living at " Welchman's Cove." 
He was alive 1 Dec, 1696, dead in 1699, intestate. He was "Lieutenant." He 
had children, William, (eldest) Jethro, (to whom he gave land at Long Point 19 Feb. 
1677,) and three daughters who married respectively John Dam, John Bickford and 
Thomas Bickford. William 2 , son of the preceding, was born in 1646 (as by deposi- 
tion 30 March, 1676); was Ensign in 1691; had grant of land in 1694. 

Garland, Jabez 1 , had wife Dorcas; children, Jabez 2 , b. 19 Feb'y, 1693; Dor- 
cas 2 , b. 3 April, 1698; Rebekah 2 , b. 25 Jan'y, 1699; Ebenezer 2 , b. 14 March, 1703-4; 
Nathaniel 2 , b. 12 April, 1706; Lydia 2 , b. 17 Feb. 1707. "Jacob 2 was killed 1710. 
Belknap. This is probably an error, for Jabez 2 , son of preceding, had wife Abigail, 
and child Reuben 3 , b. 20 Feby, 1723." 

Ebenezer 2 , son of Jabez 1 , mar. Abigail Powell 2 March, 1720-1; children, Dodde- 
ver 3 , b. 6 Deer, 1722; Abigail 3 , b. 13 Novr, 1724; Hannah 3 , b. 18 Feby, 1726-7. 

Gerrish, John 1 ; (was son of William Gerrish who was born 20 Aug. 1617, and 
" who came from Bristol, England, to Newbury, about 1640. — Coffin's Newbury.) 
He was born 15 May, 1646; took the oath at Dover, 21 June, 1669. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Maj. Richard Waldron; he received of Maj. Waldron, 1 June, 
1660, part of the mill at Bellamy where Gerrish lived, and also 100 acres of land; 
also a house partly finished 6 May, 1670. John 1 was Representative in 1684, member 
of Convention of 1689, and Judge. He had children, Richard 2 ; John 2 ; Paul 2 ; Na- 
thaniel 2 ; Timothy 2 , b. 1684; and probably others. 

Richard 2 , son of the preceding, lived at Portsmouth. "He was Register of 
Probate, Counsellor, and the same year that he died (1717) was appointed Judge of 

C. C. P."— J. Kelly. His will was dated 14 Oct. 1717; proved 22 Nov. 1717. His 
wife Jane, and only child Robert survived him. " He was a good penman but wrote 
his own name so flourishingly and curiously, that his official signature in the Probate 
Records, although very fine, is illegible." 

Paul 2 , (Capt.) son of John 1 , mar. 2 Oct. 1712, Mary Leighton, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Oner Leighton, of Kittery, who was born 7 May, 1693. Children, Paul 3 , b. 
2 Aug. 1713; Elizabeth 3 , b. 13 Nov. 1714; Mary 3 , b. 15 Aug. 1719; Samuel 3 , b. 30 
July, 1722; Jonathan 3 , b. 24 May, 1726; Lydia 3 , b. 26 April, 1730, died 12 Aug. 
1732; Benjamin 3 , b. 7 Aug. 1732. 

Timothy 2 , (Capt.) soi\of John 1 , m. Sarah, daughter of Robert Eliot. Children, 
Robert Eliot 3 , b. 18 Sept. 1708, (grad. H. C. 1730); John 3 , b. 6 Feby, 1710; Timo- 
thy 3 , b. 17 Jan. 1712; Sarah 3 , b. 26 March, 1714-15; Anne 3 , b. 4 July, 1717; Wil- 
liam 3 , b. 24 Aug. 1719; Abigail 3 , b. 6 June, 1721; Andrew 3 , b. 4 Aug. 1724; Eliza- 
beth 3 , b. 28 May, 1727; Benjamin 3 , b. 6 June, 1728; Jane 3 , b. 22 May, 1729; Jo- 
seph 3 , b. 13 Sept. 1732, (grad. H. 0. 1752). 

Andrew, (son of Timothy probably), mar. Hannah . Children, Sarah, b. 12 

July, 1748; Elizabeth, b. 9 May, 1750; Hannah, b. 25 April, 1752; Joseph, b. 6 
July, 1754; Timothy, b. 7 April, 1756. 



1852.] 



Genealogical Items relating to Dover, N. H. 259 



John, (son of Timothy probably), mar. .Margery Jackson, of Kittery; their inten- 
tion of marriage was published 17 Oct. 1734. Children, John, b. 5 Sept. 1735; George. 
b. 9 April. 1737; Sarah, b. 11 April, 1740; Margery, b. 30 Mareh, 1742. 

Paul,, Jr. 3 , son of Capt. Paul 2 , had wife Mary. Child, Benjamin 1 , b. 3 July, 1739. 

Gieeons, (sometimes Gibbins, Gibins), Ambrose. Was sent over by the pro- 
prietors on or before 1631. He had charge of mills at Newichvvannock, which place 
was also a trading port. Various letters of his writing, are recorded in the appendix 
to Belknap's Histury, regarding affairs at that place. He left there in , and set- 
tled at Sander's Point, where land was given him by the proprietors, for his " faithful 
services." He had grants from Dover; in 1652, land joining his marsh, from "the 
creek between his land and William Roberts'," to the " western creek;" in 1654,200 
acres near his house, which were laid out 9, 9, 1661, to Robert Burnum, successor to 
Henry Sherburne. 

His will was dated at Oyster River, 11 July, 1656; proved 9 May, 1657. Samuel, 
his grandson, son of Henry Sherburne and Rebeckah Gibbons, to be his heir, he pay- 
ing certain sums to his (Samuel's) brothers and sisters, all of whom were under age: 
they were Elizabeth, Mary, Henry, John, Ambrose, Sarah and Rebeckah. 

Giddes, William, and Ann Pinkham were married 2 March, 1726. 

Giles, Matthew 1 , was taxed 1648, and at O. R. 1657 to 1666. Was dead in 
1668; inventory was entered 30 June, 1668. He appears to have had a son Mark. 

Mark 2 , (probably son of Matthew above) was of Cochecho, 1666 to 1675; had 
sons Mark 3 ; John 3 . 

Mark 3 , son of preceding, was constable in 1710; had wife Sarah. Children, Abi- 
gail 4 , b. 18 July, 1698; Ann 4 , b. 1 Oct. 1702; Mark 4 , b. 28 June, 1706; Paul 4 , b. 1 
Dec. 1708; Sarah 4 , b. 9 April, 1711; Esther 4 , b. 21 Nov. 1713. 

John 3 , son of Mark 2 , mar. Mary . Child, John 4 , b. 30 Sept. 1703. John 3 

was killed 11 Aug. 1704. 

Mark 4 , son of Mark 3 , as above, married Lydia, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth 
Tebbets, and born 4 Aug. 1704. Children, Elizabeth 5 , b. 2 May, 1737; Mark 5 , b. 22 
June, 1739; Lydia 5 , b. 15 Dec. 1741; Paul 5 , b. 20 July, 1743; Joseph 5 , b. 22 May, 
1746. 

Glines, John, married Mary Bassford, 27 Nov. 1728. 

Goddard, John 1 , was sent over to Pascataqua, on or before 1631. He had lot 
No. 14, on Dover Neck, in 1648; freeman in 1653; in 1659 he sold land at O. R. to 
William Willyams. He was a Carpenter. He died about 1659-60; inventory entered 
12 Nov. 1660. His wife Welthen, who was born in 1621, survived him, and after- 
wards married Simmons; she was alive 27 July, 1705, but incapable of business: 

she gave her farm, at that date, to her grandson, which caused a lawsuit, in which 
John Woodman testified as to her incapability. Of the children of John 1 , were John 2 , 
b. 1642; Benjamin 2 ; Daughter 2 , who married John Gilman; Daughter 2 , who married 
Arthur Bennet or Bennick; Daughter 2 , who married James Thomas. 

John 2 , son of John 1 lived at O. R. His will was dated 2 July 1672; he gave to 
" brother Benjamin," to sons of his three sisters, viz. John Gilman, John Bennet, and 
James Thomas, Jr., to his "mother Welthen Simmons." Sometime between 1674 
and 1677 he came to an " untimely death." 

Goe, George, taxed at O. R. 1670 to 1677. 

Goldwier, George, was living at Salisbury in 1652; was taxed at Cochecho in 
1658. 

Gore or Gove, George, taxed atD. N. 1667 and 1668. 

Grant, James, was received an inhabitant 17, 4 mo., 1657; had a grant of land 
between Quamphegan and St. Albans in 1657-8; was taxed only in 1657. 

Peter, taxed 1659. 

Graves, William, was taxed at O. R. 1659. 

Guding, Daniel, had wife Abigail. Children, Lydia, b. 27 March, 1710; Dan- 
iel, b. 29 Sept. 1713; Abigail, b. 15 Aug. 1715; " Ame," b. 15 Nov. 1718; Mary, b. 
15 Jan'y, 1720; Sarah, b. 3 Aug, 1723; James, b. 22 June, 1724. 

Richard, in 1721 his fourth part of a 200 acre lot, which had been granted to 
Hatevil Nutter in 1658, was laid out. 

Hackett, William, in 1656, had a grant touching " Bellemie's Bank freshet," 
which was laid in 1669; was taxed at Cochecho 1657, 1658; he was living at Exeter 
soon after, where his daughter Mary was born 2 Dec. 1665. 
t Hale, Samuel, was taxed 1666. 

Hall, John 1 . There were three John Halls in Dover in 1650, viz. John, John> 
Jr., and Sargeant John. The first one is said to be the father of John, Jr., but nobody 
knows. Sargeant John lived at " Greenland," or rather on the dividing line between 
Dover and Portsmouth. We can trace no connection between him and John 1 , or 
John, Jr. 



260 Genealogical Items relating to Dover. N. H. [Juty? 

Tradition says that John 1 , came from the west of England about 1633. His (sup- 
posed) son Ralph was of Exeter in 1639, and a " vain tradition," says he was there 
before Mr. Wheelwright. John 1 lived at Dover Neck until 1650. after which his name 
appears no more. Whether he died then, or whether he turns up in Connecticut, we 
cannot determine. (A Connecticut John Hall died at Middletown, " 26 May, 1673, 
in the 86th year of his life, and 40th of his living in N. E." His wife was Anna, 
daughter of John Wilcox, and she died 20 July, 1673, aged 56. He had a son John 
who was a Deacon, (as one John 2 was) who appears at Middletown, in 1672, and 
married a wife there, October, 1674, viz. Mary, daughter of Thomas Hubbard of that 
place. The deacon died, 22 Jan'y, 1674, in the 74th or 75th year of his age. The 
deacon's wife died 29 June, 1709; she had one child, which died young). 

John 1 , of Dover, had children, Ralph 2 , born 1619; John 2 , b. 1620 or 1621; Ste- 
phen 2 , who lived in Massachusetts, probably at Stow. There might have been other 
sons, and some daughters, but we find no record of any. 

John 1 , (Sarg't.) was living at Dover Neck in 1642; in 1649 he exchanged his 
Dover Neck premises with Elder Hatevil Nutter, for some land " in the great baye," 
where he thenceforward dwelt. He is ever after called " of Bloody Point," or " of 
Greenland;" he lived so near the dividing line between Dover and Portsmouth that he 
was taxed in both places, of which he complained 27 June, 1656; his tax was after- 
wards divided. His will was dated 29 Aug. 1677; he gave property to his wife Eliza- 
beth, to son Joseph, to daughter Sarah, and to grand daughter Abigail Dame, who was 
then under age. Of his children there were, Joseph 2 , who died 19 Dec. 1685, of the 
small pox. Daughter 2 who m. John (?) Dame; Sarah 2 . This is all we know of this family. 

Ralph 2 , son of John 1 , born 1619 as above, was of Exeter in 1639, where he 
signed the combination; he removed to Dover in 1650, where he remained until 1664 
or thereabouts, when he returned to Exeter; he was " Lieutenant," " Comeshiner," 
" lot laier," " Selecktman " &c. He sold his premises on Dover Neck, to John 
Rayner, sometime " teacher at Dover, 19 October, 1664. He was delegate from 
Exeter to the first N. H. Assembly in 1680, and was living in 1690. His wife was 
Mary. Children, Mary 3 , b. 15 Jan'y, 1647, died " middle of June, 1648;" Huldah 3 , 
b. 10 April, 1649; Ralph 3 , who died 7 June, 1671 ; Samuel 3 , who died 1690; Joseph 3 , 
who married Mary Hilton; Kinsley 3 , born 1652, who married Elizabeth Dudley. Per- 
haps he had another child, Mary, (" of Exeter ") who married Edward Smith 13 Jan. 
1668-9. 

John 2 , commonly called Deacon John, son of John 1 , first appears in 1650. In 
1652 he owned on Dover Neck, a lot joining the " calves pasture;" 19, 8, 1656, he 
had 30 acres of upland laid out joining his marsh. Same year he had a grant of land 
" butting on John Roberts' on the North and East, adjoining James Rawlins' on the 
South and East, and so by his own marsh b'ounds;" this was on Bloody Point side. He 
is first called Deacon in 1657; 11, 11, 1658, he had a grant of 100 acres of upland 
next Jeremie Tibbets in the tract from Cochecho to Salmon Falls, a part of which he 
deeded to Job Clements, 11, 4, 1662; some of this property descended to his great 
grandchildren. 8 June, 1675, " Deacon Hall bought land of ye Committee." 10, 12, 
1677, " whereas 20 acre lot were granted to the inhabitants on the west side of the 
Back River, as appears recorded by Mr. William Waldern on a piece of paper in 
1642;" George Webb's lot is laid out to Dea. John Hall. 1 Feby, 1685, on account 
of his " age and weakness " he deeded half of property to his son Ralph. He was 
Town Clerk, Selectman, Lotlayer, Commissioner, &c, at different times. His (first?) 
wife was a daughter of Thomas Layton. He died about 1693-4, leaving an excellent 
character, and also some property, which latter pleased his posterity rather better. Of 
his children were John 3 , b. about 1649; married Abigail Roberts; Ralph 3 ; Hatevil 3 ; 
Nathaniel 3 , and very likely others. 

Joseph 3 , son of Ralph 2 , married Mary Hilton, daughter of the second Edward Hil- 
ton by his wife Ann, who was a daughter of Rev. Samuel Dudley and granddaughter 
to Governors Winthrop and Dudley. She had children Joseph 4 , who died 1767; and 
Edward 4 , both of whom left descendants, among which were Col. Winborn Adams of 
the Revolutionary army, Hon. Bradbury Bartlett, Hon. Josiah Bartlett, Judge Burgin, 
late of Concord, N. H.. &c. 

Kinsley 3 , son of Ralph 2 , born 1652, married (1) 25 Sept. 1674, Elizabeth, dau. 

of Rev. Samuel Dudley; she died about 1736. He married (2) Mary , who 

died 24 June, 1728-9, in her 65th year. Kinsley Hall was a Counsellor of N. H., 
and previous to 1700, a Judge S. C. In 1718 he was residing at Beverly, Mass. He 
had children, Josiah 4 , (an ancestor of Hon. Woodbury Langdon, Gov. John Langdon, 
&c,); Paul 4 ; Elizabeth 4 , married Francis James; Mary 4 , mar. Harris; Mercy 4 , mar- 
ried Dudley Hilton.* 

* For this information the compiler is indebted to articles in the Exeter News Letter, 
furnished in 1846 by Hon. John Kelley. 



1852.] Gad or Goad. 261 

John 3 , son of Deacon John 2 , born about 1649, is first mentioned in 1670. He 
lived on Dover Neck (probably) June, 1693-4. John had a grant of 40 acres adjoin- 
ing his 20 acres west of Back River, and also 100 acres east of Cochecho Biver. He 
was Representative in 1698, and died the same year. His wife, Abigail Roberts, 
(daughter of John,) who was left a disconsolate widow by the death of John, and 
therefore, as soon as possible, married Thomas Downes of Cochecho, who was him- 
self killed by " ye Indian salvages" in 1711. 3 Aug. 1698, John, eldest son and 
heir of John late deceased, sells to John Tuttle land formerly belonging to his grand- 
father John; Thomas and Joseph were witnesses. On the 13 April, 1700, the estate of 
John 3 was appraised, by Ralph Hall and John Tuttle. 10 Dec. 1700, Thomas and 
Joseph were appointed administrators, their mother, Abigail Downes, having declined 
the office. 

Of the children of John 3 , were John 4 , who married Esther Chesley, and from whcm 
many Halls, some Wentworths, and a multitude of others were descended; Thomas 4 , 
who had wife Mary; Joseph 4 , whose wife was Esther; Sarah 4 , who married Gershom 
Downes. 

Ralph 3 , son of Deacon John 2 , is first mentioned 1 Feby, 1685, when he received 
property of his father. 11 July, 1694, he had a grant of 20 acres on Fresh Creek. In 
17C2, he was "auditor." He received a deed, 25 Jany, 1704, from Richard and 
Elizabeth Pinkham, of land formerly belonging to "our grandfather Thomas La) ton." 
He married Mary, daughter of Philip Chesley; in 1706 he was dead. 4 March, 1706, 
John and James were appointed administrators. In the division of the estate j£15 was 
reserved for Jonathan, " a sick and weak child," and the remainder was divided 
among the below named children. In 1735, Ralph and Benjamin, sons of Ralph 3 de- 
ceased, together with Joseph, attorney of the heirs of James deceased, sell lands 
which were laid out to said Ralph 3 , in place of lands lost in a lawsuit with Richard 
Waldron. Of the children of Ralph 3 , were John 4 ; James 4 ; Jonathan 4 ; Isaac 4 , (re- 
moved to Medford, Mass., as is said); Benjamin 4 , b. June, 1702; Ralph 4 ; Joseph 4 , b. 
26 March, 1706. 

Hatevil 3 , son of Deacon John 2 , had wife Marcy, and child Hatevil 4 , b. 15 Feby, 
1708-9, who married Sarah Furbish and left numerous descendants, among whom are 
Neal Dow, late Mayor of Portland, John Neal and others. 

Nathaniel, 3 , son of Deacon John 2 , had wife Hannah. He owned land west of 
Back River. He and his wife deeded land to Nathaniel Meader 16 Nov. 1686, (Ralph 
being a witness,) after which we have no trace of them. 

52P A somewhat extended genealogy of this family is in possession of the compiler 
of this article. 



GAD OR GOAD. 

Gad was the name of a rod or staff used for the management of oxen and 
horses, and, according to Dugdale, was " an old Lincolnshire measure of ten 
feet." Gad and Goad are synonymous. In some parts of New Fiiigland the 
instrument is called a gad, and in other parts goad. In New Hampshire it is not 
unfrequently called goard. Both gad and goard are defined in Dr. Webster's 
great Dictionary, but it does not appear to have come to his knowledge that they 
ever meant a measure of ten feet. s. g. d. 

Many of the first settlers of Dorchester, Mass. emigrated from Lincolnshire. 
Hence the word goad, applied to measurement, repeatedly occurs on the early 
Records of that ancient town. We question whether it can be found in a similar 
connection, elsewhere, in this country. 

Page 7. Dorchester Town Records. 8 Oct. 1033. It is ordered that all the 
pale of the fields now enclosed shall be still kept in severall, well and sufficiently 
fenced, and if that upon warning every man doth not keep his grounds fenced, 
then such as are appoynted for that purpose to see the pale sufficient and find not 
sufficient shall fence the same and such as are delinquent shall pay 3 shillings a 
goad and the same p r sentlv to be levied out of their goods by sale or otherwise 
according to the order in this book formerly entered, and this to be done a four- 
teene nights or Three weekes at most. 

The names to see to the fences aforesayde are these for the South feilde, next 
M r Waram, M r Smith & Goodman Grenway, for the West feild, Goodman 
Thorneton, Phillips, for the East feild, Goodman Hoskeins, Symon Hoyte, for 
the North feild, Goodman Hosseford and David Wilton. 

Page 33. 2d Jan. 1637. Ordered, to leave 1 Goades fo r the high way from 
the burying place to Good: Wade, and 3 goad the other way from John Hills vp 
to the woods. W. B. T. 



262 Petition of Jo/in Pitch to tne General Court . [July, 

MATERIAL TOWARDS A HISTORY OF ASHBY. 

PETITION OF JOHN FITCH TO THE GENERAL COUTiT, IN 1749. 
[Communicated by Mr. Frederic Kidder.] 

The capture of Mr. Fitch by the Indians was for a long time a 
memorable event in the region where it occurred, but no authentic 
account seems to have been written of it for more than forty years 
afterwards ; hence the difficulty that has been found in fixing the 
date of the capture. As this event is relied on to establish the date 
of many other things that happened in the then new settled town- 
ships in that vicinity, its precise time has been long sought for. but 
without success till the present year. 

In Whitney's History of Worcester County, his capture is said 
to have taken place in July 1749. Torrey's History of Lunen- 
burg says " during the summer of 1747." In " Drake's Tragedies 
of the Wilderness " it is put down as happening in the year 1746-7. 
W e may now consider the question as settled, and that it took 
place July 5, 174S, O. S. Mr. F.'s residence was then within the 
limits of Lunenburg, but is now included in the town of Ash by. 
Its site is about two miles south of the meeting-house. Mr. Fitch 
was born in Bradford, and it is said was redeemed from captivity 
with funds furnished by his relatives there. The following extract 
from the town Records of Lunenburg gives the time and place of 
his wife's death: "Susannah Fitch, y e wife of Mr. John Fitch, 
deceast December y e 24, 1748, at Providence in y e Collony of 
Rhode Island." 

Mr. F. was married a second time, in December 1750, and be- 
came quite a large landholder and reputed a man of wealth ; and 
it is supposed the now flourishing town of Fitchburg was named 
for him. After the incorporation of Ashby he resided most of the 
time in that town till his death, which took place in 1795, aged 87. 

In bis old age he became poor, and was supported at the ex- 
pense of the town. A few years since, an individual erected a 
granite stone to his memory. The following Petition was copied 
from the original in the Secretary of State's office at the State House. 

To the Honorable Spencer Phipps, Esq., Governor in Chief of the Prov- 
inces of Massachusetts Bay in New England, for the time being : and 
to the Honorable His Majesty's Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled : 

John Fitch humbly shews, that in the year A. D. 1739 he purchased 
about 120 Acres of Land about seven miles and a half above Lunenburg 
Meeting House, and about three miles and a half above any of the in- 
habitants on the road leading from Lunenburg to North field, and there 
by industry built him a House, and improved so much Land as to raise 
Provision for his growing family and some to spare ; whereby he enter- 
tained and refreshed Travellers. And being a Carpenter, he was furn- 
ished with such tools necessary for that business ; and being far distant 
from Neighbours he was obliged to keep the chief of his tools and live 
within himself, and had husbandry Utensils and household Stuff; and 
that upon the War's breaking out, although he had no near Neighbours 
to join with him in a Garrison, yet divers of the Inhabitants of Lunen* 



o 



1852.] Petition of John Fitch to the General Court. 262 

burg knowing the great Security that a Garrison at his place might be, 
urged him to build one, and many of the Inhabitants assisted and helped 
him in it. After which the several Officers appointed over the Souldiers 
and Scouts ordered a quota to that Garrison ; and it was a place of Re- 
sort and Refreshment to town Scouts and for large Scouts from North- 
field, Townsend, Ashuelott and other places ; and your Petitioner en- 
tertained them. And in the year 174S the Scouts from Lunenburg and 
Townsend were ordered to meet there once every week, and he had four 
soldiers allowed, to keep said Garrison. And on the fifth day of July 
in the same year, by reason of bodily infirmity there was but two soldiers 
with him, altho' others with the Scouts were to come that day. Yet on 
that day before noon and before the Scouts had arrived, the Indian Ene- 
my appeared and shot down one Souldier upon being discovered, and 
immediately drove him and the other Soldier into the Garrison ; and 
after Beseigeing the same about one Hour and a half they killed the 
other Souldier through the porthole in the flankers. And then ;your 
Petitioner was left alone with his wife and five children. Soon after 
which he surrendered and became a prisoner with his said family ; and 
the Enemy took and carried away such things as they pleased and burnt 
the House and Garrison with the rest, — and then we entered into a mel- 
ancholly captivity, with one small child on the mother's breast ; and two 
more became sucking children on the way for want of provision, which, 
with other hardships, brought my wife into a bad state of health and 
languishment ; and in our return, being by New York, Rhode Island 
and Providence, there in December last she departed this Life ; and 
when I with my five Children arrived to this Province we were objects 
of Charity for food and Raiment, which some Charitable people bestowed 
upon us. Yet your Petitioner's family are dispersed by reason of pov- 
erty, and must so remain unless some charitable help may some way or 
the other be bestowed, for your Petitioner is utterly unable to put him- 
self again into suitable Circumstances and to bring home his dispersed 
and melancholly family, having his substance burnt as aforesaid and 
fences also. And your Petitioner begs leave to inform that he is utterly 
unable to build and furnish and fence, and maintain his disperst family, 
two children being a continual charge since our captivity, one being 
under the Doctor's hands ever since. Your Petitioner also lost his only 
Gun, worth thirty pounds, and an ox at the same time, and his stock of 
cattle are chiefly gone, having no hay last year, and in very pitiable 
circumstances ; And humbly begs relief in some way or other as this 
Honorable Court shall think best. And as in duty bound will ever pray. 

John Fitch. 

December, 1749. 
half his stock of catel containing 10 hed of well grone catel & all his 
swine, no tools of any sort, no household utensils but one porrage pot, 
writeinof & accounts. 

In the House of Representatives, Apr. 9, 1750. 

Read, and ordered that there be allowed out of the Public Treasury 
to the Petn r or his order Eight Pounds in consideration for his Suflur- 
ings within mentioned, and to enable him to resettle himself and family 
on his plantation. 

In Council, Apr. 9, 1750. 

Read and concurred in. Sent up for concurrence. 

Thomas Hubbard, Speaker pro tempore. 

Saml. Holbrook, Dy Secretary. 

Consented to. S. Piiipps. 



264 Letter fr 077% Rev. Arthur Brown. [July, 

LETTER FROM REV. ARTHUR BROWN. 

The following letter was written by the Rev. Arthur Brown, 
clergyman of the Church of England settled at Portsmouth, N. H., 
to a reverend friend, probably a clergyman in Boston, the original 
letter having been written on the four pages of the paper and the 
envelope lost. The original manuscript having been given by 
Wm. H. Montague to the Rev. Dr. Burroughs, who is now (1845) 
and has been Rector of the same church many years. The letter 
relates to the Revival of Religion that so extensively prevailed in 
±\e\v England at that period. This letter has never been publish- 
ed, and an exact copy, reserved by Mr. Montague, is now commu- 
nicated by him. 

Portsmouth, Dec. 10, 1741. 

Rev'd Sir — The apprehension I was under lest something unguarded 
might drop from my pen prevented me giving you an account of what 
happn<i in my Church on Sunday y e 29 th of Nov 1 last, but since you re- 
quire it 1 think myself obliged to comply and shall be as particular as I 
can. 

I must premise however you are no stranger to that in y e opinion of 
many there has been an extraordinary work on foot in the Land even 
before Mr. Whitiields arrival as appears by Mr. Edwards North Hamp- 
ton account w T hich since is become more general. This work has shewn 
itself more for some time in our Eastern parts, particularly at . . . [the 
place obliterated in the manuscript,] which has drawn a great concourse 
of people to that place, moved therto from a principle of curiosity, some 
perhaps from other motives. 

Let that be as it will, some of the most curious returned deeply affect- 
ed &; unable to give a satisfactory relation of what they observed. I 
was not of y e number (tho' the affair was transact/ 1 very near me), but 
contented myself with the various accounts I had from different persons, 
and expected the matter would soon blow over. But it has happ nd 
otherwise, for on Wednesday Nov br y e 25 th last at a Fast appointed by 
the minister of this place it broke out in our Town at y e meeting house 
of which Mr. Fitch is minister immediately at the ending of the service. 
As curiosity led numbers to observe the transactions I was at length 
induced to go, when the whole appear d to me a Scene of y e veriest dis- 
order and confusion. And so it continued every day and every night 
almost the whole of that week . . . [then follows several words so much 
obliterated as to be unintelligible,] — for that night to read prayers and 
at length preach a sermon, after which I took my leave of them. There 
was some appearance of it Monday at prayers, but on Tuesday night at 
my return we had much more of it, and a negro belonging to Col. Pep- 
perill drop d down in the Isle as tho he had a blow on y e head with an 
ax. We have had little of it since either among us or in y e other meet- 
ing houses but daily hear of its prevailing in neighbouring Towns, and 
indeed there seems to be a prospect of its becoming general. 

Thus I have given you as general and particular account as I am able 
and waive passing a definite judgement for y e present. This I must 
however say that a spirit of love and humility prevail among many, how 
long it will continue God alone knows. Thus the generality of people 
seem to be into considerations the Grievous offenders are seri- 
ously themselves with the case. Some are disposed to 

put on more of the power of Godliness. In consequence of this I had 



1852.] Marriages , Births and Deaths ; in Westfield. 265 

14 added to the number of my communicants last Sunday and hope they 
will increase. Dont conclude from hence y l I approve of every thing I 
have seen. No, far from it ; many I fear are in the gall of bitterness 
& lying in wait to deceive — fruits must convince us. 

In the mean time here I am difficulties beset with adversa- 
ries who daily crowd in from all parts, and at my wits end how to con- 
duct myself without giving ofFence to some of my own parish who seem 
to be wavering. But I must trust my God ; under y e shadow of his 
wings I shall be safe and his grace is sufficient for me. Expose this 
only when there is necessity, and let me partake in your prayers and the 
prayers of all my Bretheren and other Christians who shall happen to 
see this. I am, Rev d Sir, with mine and my wifes compliments to your 
Lady, Y r Affectionate Brother 

& faithful & Humble Serv 1 , 

Arthur Brown. 

I have bespoke you some butter, but I fear I shall nut have an oppor- 
tunity of sending it around before Spring. 



A RECORD OF MARRIAGES, BIRTHS AND DEATHS IN 
WESTFIELD, MASS., PRIOR TO THE YEAR 1700. 

[Communicated by the Rev. Emerson Davis of that town, Corresponding Member of the 
New England Historic-Genealogical Society.] 

In a private journal, kept by Rev. John Ballantine, it is written, 
" April 8, 1754, died Benjamin Sexton, aged 88, who was the first 
white person born in the town." If so he must have been born in 1666. 
But there is no record of any birth prior to 1667. 

John Root, wife Mary ; chn. Mary, b. Sept. 22, 1667 ; Sarah, b. 
Sept. 24, 1670 ; John, b. Dec. 28, 1672 ; Samuel, b. Sept. 16, 1675 ; 
Hannah, b. Dec. 9, 1677 ; Abigail, b. June 26, 1680 ; Joshua, b. Nov. 
23, 1682 ; Mercy, b. March 15, 1684. 

John Pender, wife Temperance ; chn. Susanna, b. March 11, 1669; 
John, b. Sept. — , 1670, died April 28, 1676 ; Mary, b. Sept. 30, 1672 ; 
Elizabeth, b. Feb'y 3, 1675; Nathaniel, b. Sept. 3, 1677 ; John, b. March 
11,1679; Thomas, b. March 5, 1681, d. Aug. 4, 1750; Martha, b. 
Feb'y 27, 1683 ; Sarah, b. July 28, 1686, d. Sept. 15, 1690. 

Temperance, wife of J. P., d, Oct. 27, 1732. 

David Ashley, wife Hannah ; chn. John, b. June 27, 1669, died 
Ap. 17, 1759; Sarah, b. Sept. 10, 1673, m. Thomas Ingersol ; Hannah 
and Mary, b. Dec. 26, 1675, Mary d. July — , 1676 ; Jonathan, b. June 
26, 1678, d. Sept. 18, 1749; Abigail, b. April 27. 1681; Mary, b. 
March 3, 1683 ; Rebecca, b. May 30, 1685. David Ashley d. Dec. 8, 
1718. 

John Ingersol, wife Mary ; chn. Thomas, b. March 28, 1668, m. 
Sarah Ashley ; John, b. Oct. 20, 1669, d. May 18, 1750 ; Abel, b. Nov. 
11, 1671 ; Ebenezer, b. Oct. 15, 1673, d. March 4, 1681 ; Joseph, b. 
Oct. 16, 1675; Mary, b. Nov. 17, 1677, d. Sept. 1, 1690; Benjamin, 
b. Nov. 15, 1679 ; Jonathan, b. May 10, 1681. John Ingersol, Sen. d. 
Sept. 3, 1684 ; Mary, his wife, d. Aug. 18, 1690. 

Moses Cook m. Elizabeth Clark, Sept. 27, 1669— had Elizabeth, b. 
Aug. 25, 1673. 

34 



266 Marriages y Bwtlis and Deaths in Wcstfield. [July* 

Isaac Phelps, wf. Ann ; ch. , b. March 19, 1669 ; John, b. 

Dec. 27, 1672, m. Thankful Hitchcock; Hannah, b. Nov. 5, 1674; 
Hezekiah, b. Julv 9, 1677 ; Joseph, b. Nov. 28,-1679 ; Daniel, b. Oct. 
14, 1681, d. Oct." 8, 1690 ; Noah, b. Oct. 14, 1684, d. Sept. 21, 1731, 

at Housatonnuc ; , b. Aug. 15, 1686 ; Ebenezer, b. June 6, 1687, 

m. Susanna Burbank. Mrs. Ann Phelps d. Sept. 37, 1690. Capt. 
Isaac Phelps d. Sept. 21, 1725. 

John Osborn m. Abigail Eggleston, 1669 — had John, b. Aug. 25, 
1670. 

Joseph Whiting m. Mary Pynchon, Aug. 6, 1670; ch. Mary, b. Aug. 
19, 1672; Joseph, b. Oct. 5, 1674. 

Edward Neal, Nell or Neil, wife Martha; chn. Abigail, b. April 

23, 1672 ; Mary, b. , 1675 ; Martha, b. May 8, 1677 ; Edward, 

b. Feb'y 8, 1678; Hester, b. Nov. 8, 1680; Elizabeth, b. Feb. 26, 1682. 

Thomas Bancroft m. . , had Ruth, b. Aug. 29, 1670. 

Walter Lee, wife Mary; chn. Abigail, b. Dec. 11, 1670. They 
had when they came here, Nathaniel, b. Dec. 25, 1663, d. Ap. 26, 1745; 
Elizabeth, b. Feb. 28, 1665, d. Ap. 13, 1682 ; Hannah, b. Jan'y 9, 
1667. W r alter Lee, d. Feb'y 9, 1717; Mary, his wife, d. Feb. 29, 
1695 ; Hepsebah, 2 d wife, d. Nov. 18, 1711. 

Thomas Dewey, wife Constant ; chn. Samuel, b. June 25, 1670, m. 
Sarah Weller; Hannah, b. Feb. 21, 1672; Elizabeth, b. Jan'y 10, 
1676 ; James, b. July 3, 1678, d. Feb. 27, 1681 ; Abigail, b. Feb'y 14, 
9l 80 ; James, b. Nov. 12, 1683, d. May 5, 1686. Thomas Dewey, d. 
yp. 27, 1690 ; Constant, his wife, d. Ap. 26, 1703. 

Jacob Phelps m. Dorothv Ingersoll, May 2, 1672 ; chn. Dorothy, b. 
Oct. 18, 1673, d. Feb. 2, 1674; Dorothy, b. May 10, 1675, m. Edward 
Kibbe ; Hannah, b. Nov. 26, 1677, m. John Kibbe ; Israel, b. Ap. 3, 
1681 ; Benjamin, b. Jan'y 8, 1683 ; Joseph, b. Aug. 5, 1686 ; Jedediah, 
b. Dec. 7, 1688. Jacob Phelps, d. Oct. 6, 1689. 

John Sacket, wife Abigail ; chn. Mary, b. June 8, 1672 ; Samuel, 
b. Oct. 18, 1674 ; Elizabeth, b. Aug. 28, 1677, d. June 15, 1682. Ab- 
igail, his wife, d. Oct. 9, 1690. He married Sarah Steward, 1691. John 
Sacket, d. Ap. 8, 1719. 

Josiah Dewey, wife Experience ; chn. Nathaniel and Ebenezer, b. 
Feb. 20, 1672, Ebenezer d. June, 1675 ; Joseph, b. Aug. 11, 1674, d. 
June, 1682 ; Elizabeth, b. July 10, 1677 ; Joseph and Experience, b. Ap. 
9, 1682 ; Benjamin, b. July 8, 1685, d. July 13, 1685. 

Thomas Copley was married Nov. 13, 1672 — had Thomas, b. July 
28, 1678. 

' Thomas Noble, wife Hannah; chn. Elizabeth, b. Feb'y 9, 1672; 
Luke, b. July 15, 1675; James, b. Oct, 1, 1677, d. Jan'y 20, 1703 ; 
Mary, b. June 29, 1680 ; Rebecca, b. Jan'y 4, 1682. 

Jedediah Dewey, wife Sarah ; Sarah, b. March 28, 1672 ; Margaret, 
b. Jan'y 10, 1674; Jedediah, b. June 14, 1676, m. Rebecca Williams; 
Daniel, b. March 9, 1679 ; Thomas, b. June 29, 1682, m. Abigail Ashley ; 
Joseph, b. May 10, 1684, d. Jan'y, 1757 ; Hannah, b. March 14, 1685 ; 
Mary, b. March 1, 1688 ; James, b. Ap. 3, 1692, m. Elizabeth Ashley ; 
Abigail, b. Nov. 17, 1694. Mrs. Sarah Dewey, d. Nov. 20, 1711. 

Samuel Taylor, wife Mary ; chn. , b. May 3, 1672, d. May 

28, 1672; Mary, b. March 4, 1673, d. young; , b. Sept. 30, 

1679, d. Dec. 20, 1679 ; Joseph, b. May 7, 1681 ; Elizabeth, b. July 
27, 1684 ; Mary, b. March 3, 1687 ; Sarah, b. Oct, 8, 1689 ; Hannah, 
b. Aug. 25, 1692; Joseph, b. March 4, 1694. 

John Greet or Grut's, daughter Mary b. — ; his son b. Jan'y 6, 1670. 



1852.] Marriages, Births and Deaths in Westfield. 267 

JosiaH Dewey, wife ; chn. Nathaniel and Ebenezer, b. Feb'y 

20, 1672, Ebenezer, d. June, 1675; Elizabeth, b. July 10, 1677; Jo- 
seph and Experience, b. April 9, 1682, Joseph d. June, 1682 ; Benja- 
min, b. July 8, 1685, d. July 13, 1685. 

Israel Dewey, wife Abigail ; son Israel, b. Dec. 30, 1673. 

Nathaniel Weller, wife Thankful; chn. Thankful, b. Oct. 15, 
1674 ; Sarah, b. June 6, 1677 ; Deliverance, b. Aug. 20, 1679, d. Ap. 
24, 1697. Mrs. Weller d. Nov. 22, 1711 ; Deac. N. Weller d. Nov. 
13, 1722. 

Kev. Edward Taylor m. Elizabeth Fitch, Nov. 5, 1674. (Names 
of children, See Gen. Register, 1848, p. 395.) 

Thomas Hanchet, wife Elizabeth ; chn. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 11, 1677, 

d. June 11, 1707; Hannah, b. , ; Hannah, b. Jan'y 25, 

1686; Sarah, b. Nov. 22. 1689, d. Oct. 1. 1719 ; Samuel, b. April 14, 
1692 ; Deliverance, b. Jan'y 9, 1695, d. July 30, 1766. 

Children of Lieut. Samuel Loomis, Philip, b. Feb'y 22, 1675 ; Mary, 
b. Aug. 16, 1678. 

John Sevan, wife Sarah ; chn. William, b. Nov. 15, 1676 ; Sarah, 
b. March 7, 1678 ; Elizabeth, b. June 14, 1680 ; Joseph, b. April 10, 

1683. John Sevan d. Aug. 19, 1684, (or Swan, it may be.) 

Thomas Root m. Mary Gridley, Oct. 7, 1675; chn. Mary, b. Oct. 22, 
1676; Thomas, b. Sept.'l, 1677, d. Feb. 28, 1689 ; Samuel, b. Feb. 16, 
1679 ; Elizabeth, b. Feb. 16, 1680 ; Sarah, b. July 27, 1683 ; Timo- 
thy, b. Dec. 3, 1685; Joseph, b. June 16, 1688; Thankful and Mary, 
b. Nov. 12, 1693. Mrs. Mary Root d. Nov. 4, 1690. Mrs. Sarah Root 
d. Jan'y 3, 1694. Mr. Thomas Root d. Aug. 16, 1709. 

[The Root's came from Farmington, Ct. Thomas was probably a 
son of John, p. 265, and was b. in Farmington.] 

Eleazer Weller and Hannah , m. Nov. 14, 1674 ; chn. Elea- 

zer, b. Oct. 8, 1675, m. Mary Phelps ; Hannah, b. Feb'y 16, 1678 ; 
Elizabeth, b. April 17, 1680; , b. May 19, 1682, d. May 21, 

1684. Mrs. H. Weller d. May 21, 1682. Mr. E. Weller d. Aug. 16, 
1684. 

Fearnot King m. Mary Fowler, May 14, 1677; chn. Mary, b. March 
7, 1678; Elizabeth, b. May 12, 1680; Abigail, b. Feb'y 15, 1682; 
Experience, b. May 1, 1684, d. May 11, 1684; Deborah, b. March 3, 
1685 ; Ebenezer, b. Sept. 3, 1687 ; John, b. Sept. 30, 1690. Mr. F. 
King d. Feb'y 1, 1702. 

John Hanchet m. Hester , Sept. 6, 1677 ; chn. Hester, b. 

Aug. 1, 1678; John, b. Nov. 16, 1679. 

Samuel Loomis m. Hannah Hanchet, April 14, 1678 ; chn. Samuel, 
b. April 28, 1681 ; James, b. Feb'y 25, 1683, d. June 20, 1684 ; James, 
b. Oct. 8, 1686, d. May 11, 1694; Hannah, b. Jan'y 29,1691, m. 
James King, d. 1720 ; Deliverance, b. May 13, 1694, d. Ap. 23, 1697 ; 
Joshua, b. July 21, 1696, d. Jan'y 17, 1701. Sergeant Samuel Loomis 
d. Nov. 6, 1711. 

Joseph Pomeroy m. Hannah Lyman, June 20, 1677 ; chn. Joseph, 
b. Sept. 1, 1678, d. Nov. 26, 1678 ; Hannah, b. Dec. 13, 1679, d. Jan'y 
7,1680; Elizabeth, b. Feb'y 7, 1681, d. Aug. 20, 1683; Abigail, b. 
Feb'y 5, 1683; Medad, b. Nov. 1686 ; John, b. July 11, 1688, d. Aug. 
2, 1688 ; Hannah, b. Ap. 22, 1694. 

John Gunn m. Mary Williams Jan'y 22, 1678; chn. Thomas, b. 
Dec. 14, 1679 ; John, b. May 5, 1682 ; Marv, b. Jan'y 9, 1684; Daniel, 
b. March 21, 1687; Mary, b. March 14, 1691; Aaron, b. Aug. 29, 
1694. Mrs. Mary Gunn d. Nov. 26, 1711. 



268 Marriages ■, Births and Deaths in Westfield. [July, 

Nathaniel Phelps, wife Eunice ; elm. Nathaniel, b. Oct. 10, 1678 ; 
Eunice, b. May 29, 1680, d. July 24, 1686; Jonathan, b. Dec. 28, 
1682; Thomas, b. May 15, 1685, d. June 17, 1686 ; Eunice, b. Oct. 
12, 1688; Lois, b. Sept. 7, 1691. Mr. N. Phelps, d. June, 1723. Mrs. 
E. Phelps d. Dec. 17, 1738. 

John Morely, wife Mary ; chn. John, b. Aug. 21, 1678; Comfort, 
b. Dec. 3, 1680, d. Dec. 18, 1712 ; Margaret, b. May 22, 1683 ; Eliza- 
beth, b. Nov. 17, 1685. 

John Lee m. Sarah Pixley, Dec. 9, 1680 ; chn. John, b. July 8, 
16S3, d. July 21, 1683. Mrs. Lee d. July 15, 1683. By his second 
wife he had John, b. Aug. 2, 1687 ; Elizabeth, b. Dec. 14, 1689 ; Sa- 
rah, b. Ap. 24, 1692 ; Abigail, b. Oct. 28, 1694; Ruth, b. Ap. 1, 1697. 
Mr. John Lee d. Nov. 13, 1711. 

John Munn m. Abigail Parsons, Dec. 23, 1680 — ch. John, b. March 
16, 1682. 

James Sexton, wife Hannah ; chn. John, b. Jan'y 28, 1680 ; Hannah, 
b. Oct. 29, 1683 ; Phebe, b. Jan'y 7, 1686 ; Elizabeth, b. Feb'y 5, 1688, 
d. May 7, 1689 ; Mary, b. Dec. 26, 1695 ; James, b. Nov. 9, 1702. Mr. 
Sexton d. Dec. 12, 1741. 

George Sexton, wife ; chn. Charles, b. Sept. 9, 1680 ; Na- 
thaniel, b. Dec. 5, 1682. Mrs. Sexton d. Sept. 19, 1689. 

Thomas Marlo m. Martha Wright, Dec, 8, 1681 ; chn. Martha, b. 
Sept, 7, 1682 ; Thomas, b. Sept. 14, 1684 ; Mary, b. Oct. 30. 1686 ; 
Abel, b. Jan. 18, 1689; Elizabeth, b. June 23, 1691; Thankful, b. 
Feb. 28, 1693; Mary, b. Nov. 14, 1695; John, b. May 1, 1699; Eb- 
enezer, b. March 22, 1711. This name is spelled Mario w and Morley. 

Daniel Sexton married Sarah Bancroft, Dec. 28, 1680 ; chn. Na- 
thaniel, b. Dec. 22, 1681, d. Dec. 25, 1681 ; Sarah, b. March 6, 1683. 

Edward Griswold, wife Abigail ; chn. Edward, b. Dec. 6, 1682 ; 
Abigail, b. Aug. 3, 1685. Mr. E. Griswold d. 30, 1688. Mrs. A. Gris- 
wold d. Sept. 6, 1690. 

* Samuel Fowler, wife Abigail ; chn. Samuel, b. Jan'y 29, 1683 ; 
Jonathan, b. Oct. 19, 1685 ; Abigail, b. Oct. 25, 1687 ; Mary, b. Feb'y 
22, 1689 ; Hannah, b. Nov. 3, 1693 ; Hester, b. Jan'y 16, 1695 ; Sa- 
rah, b. May 31, 1698 ; Isabell, b. Feb'y 1, 1700 ; Elizabeth, b. June 7, 
1704. 

Nathaniel Williams, wife Mary ; chn Abigail, b. March 23, 1684*; 
Rebecca, b. Sept. 27, 1685 ; Elizabeth, b. Sept. 22, 16S7 ; John, b. 
Nov. 3, 1689, d. Sept. 28, 1690 ; Nathaniel, b. Aug. 25, 1692, m. Abigail 
McCranny; Abigail, b. Sept. 15, 1693; Keziah, b. Dec. 11, 1701; 
Naomi, b. Jan'y 26, 1703 ; Orpha, b. Dec. 23, 1706. Mr. Nathaniel 
Williams d. Nov. 7, 1711. Mrs. Mary Williams d. Jan'y 11, 1750. 

William Randall, wife Mary ; chn. John, b. June 17, 1682 ; Abi- 
gail, b. June 26, 1684 ; Hannah, b. Nov. 23, 1686 ; Elizabeth, b. Ap. 
18, 1689. 

John Noble, m. Abigail Sacket, Sept. 13, 1682 ; chn. Abigail, b. 
June 30, 1683 ; John, b. Feb. 15. 1685 ; Stephen, b. Aug. 15, 1688 ; 

William, b. , , d. June 31, 1703 ; David, b. Jan'y 25, 1695 ; 

Hannah, b. Nov. 2, 1697 ; Sarah, b. March 22, 1699 ; Mabel, b. Feb'y 
28, 1705. Mrs. A. Noble d. July 3, 1683. 

Nathaniel Bancroft, wife Hannah ; chn. Benjamin, b. June 6, 
1684, d. June 13, 1684; Elizabeth, b. Oct. 31, 1685 ; Edward, b. May 
30, 1688, d. Sept. 5, 1707. Mr. Bancroft d. Feb. 10, 1724. Mrs. 
Bancroft d. March 15, 1728. 

Benjamin Smith, wife Ruth ; chn. Ruth, b. Feb. 8, 1684; Benjamin, 



1852.] Morriages, Births and Deaths in Westfield. 269 

b. Feb'y 14, 1686 ; Samuel, b. Aug. 24, 1689 ; Elizabeth, b. Feb'y 16, 
1692 ; Rachel, b. Oct. 25, 1694 ; Jonathan, b. Oct. 26, 1697 ; Job, b. 
Dec 29, 1700 ; Mary, b. Aug. .12, 1703. 

Joseph Bodman, wife Hepsiba ; chn. Lydia, b. Jan'y 5, 1685, d. Jan'v 
19, 1685. Mrs. Bodman d. Jan'y 15, 1685. 

John Smith m. Mary Root, Feb'y 23, 1686. 

William Sackett m. Hannah Cram, Nov. 27, 1689 ; chn. Joseph, b. 
July 25, 1690 ; Hannah, b. Aug. 15, 1692 ; Rebecca, b. Sept. 16, 1694 ; 
Jonathan, b. March 20, 1696. Mr. W. Sacket d. March 28, 1700. 

David Ashley, Jr. m. Mary Dewy July 11, 1688, had a child b ; 
July 16, 1689 ; Thomas, b. Sept. 17, 1690 ; David, b. Dec. 26, 1692 ; 
Mary, b. March 12, 1694 ; Elizabeth, b. March 3, 1697 ; Abigail, b. 
Jan'y 6, 1700; Moses, b. Oct. 9,1703; Hannah, b. Nov. 8, 1706; 
Sarah, b. Oct. 14, 1710. Deac. D. Ashley, d. Aug. 4, 1744. Mrs. 
Ashley d. Dec. 13, 1751. 

William Pixley, wife Sarah — had Antony, b. July 4, 1687, d. Ap. 25, 
1697. Mr. Wm. Pixley d. Oct. 9, 1689. Mrs. Pixley d. Dec. 25, 
1713. 

John Sackett, wife Deborah ; chn. John, b. March 3, 1688 ; Abigail, 
b. Oct. 16, 1690 ; Daniel, b. Aug. 14, 1693 ; David, b. July 7, 1696 ; 
Benjamin, b. Oct. 30,1698; Deborah, b. Nov. 16, 1701. Mrs. D. 
Sachett d. Nov. 20, 1701. Mr. S. m. again, had several children, d. 
Dec. 20, 1745. 

Thomas Brown, wife Hannah ; chn. Thomas, b. Dec. 26, 1688; Sam- 
uel, b. June 8, 1692 ; Hannah, b. May 30, 1694 ; Mary, b. Dec. 16, 1696 ; 
Sarah, b. Jan'y 25, 1701. 

John Fowler, wife Mary ; chn. John, b. Sept. 21, 1689 ; Mercy, b. 
Jan'y 10, 1691, d. Oct. 4, 1694; Abraham, b. Aug. 26, 1693; Mercy, 
b. Aug. 7, 1695 ; Isaac, b. Nov. 12, 1697 ; three at a birth, July 25, 
1700, all died in a week ; Jacob, b. Oct. 31, 1701 ; Mehitabel, b. Sept. 

16, 1703 ; Ebenezer, b. Sept. 3, 1706. 

Jonathan Alfred m. Hannah Brown, Dec. 28, 1682. 

Samuel Ashley m. Sarah Kellogg, April 27, 1686 ; chn. Mary, b. 
March 6, 1687; Samuel, b. Nov. 3, 1688; Daniel, b. Sept. 7, 1691; 
Sarah, b. Sept. 11, 1693 ; Rachel, b. Feb'y 14, 1695 ; Jacob, b. Sept. 
24, 1697 ; Johanah, b. Feb'y 6, 1699 ; Aaron, b. Jan'y 1, 1702 ; Eze- 
kiel, b. Ap. 27, 1703; Abigail, b. May 23, 1708; Joseph, b. Oct. 11, 
1709. 

Samuel Bush, wife Mary ; chn. Ebenezer, b. July 24, 1687. By a 
second wife, Abigail, b. June 12, 1705. Mrs. Mary Bush, d. Aug. 2, 
1687. Mr. Samuel Bush d. May 7, 1733. 

Gabriel Cornish, wife Elizabeth ; chn. James, b. Oct. 23, 1687 ; 
Damaris, b. Feb. 19, 1691. Mr. Cornish d. May 24, 1702. 

John Richards, wife Abigail ; chn. John, b. July 26, 1687 ; Abigail, 
Jan'y 10, 1689 ; Thomas, b. Nov. 7, 1691. 

Adijah Dewey, wife Sarah ; chn. , b. Nov. 13, 1689, d. Nov. 

17, 1689 ; Thomas, b. Jan'y 9, 1690 ; Adijah, b. Sept. 30, 1693 ; Sa- 
rah, b. March 17, 1695; Hester, b. Jan'y 20, 1698; Mary, b. Sept. 18, 
1701; Abigail, b. Jan'y 28, 1703 ; Bethiah, b. Aug. 11, 1706; Ann, 
b. March 22,1709; Moses, b. Jan'y 6,1714. Capt. A. Dewey d. 
March 24, 1741. 

Benjamin Moreley m. Mary Sacket Oct. 2, 1689 ; chn. Thomas, b. 
July 3, 1690, d. Aug. 31, 1719; Benjamin, b. May 27, 1692, d. Sept. 
23, 1719; Jemima, b. Aug. 23, 1694; Bashuah, b. May 29, 



270 Marriages, Births and Deaths in Westfield. [July? 

1697; Azariah, b. Feb'y 16, 1701. Mr. Benjamin Moreley d. Sept. 
17, 1719. Mrs. M. Moreley d. Nov. 14, 1729. 

Mathew Noble m. Hannah Dewey, Dec. 10. 1690 ; chn. Joseph, b. 
Oct. 8, 1691 ; Hezekiah, b. May 14, 1694 ; Mathew, b. Sept. 19, 1698 ; 
Solomon, b. Dec. 23, 1700 ; Elisha, b. Feb. 9, 1702 ; Obadiah, b. Oct. 
19, 1705 ; Hannah, b. Oct. 11,' 1707 ; Hester, b. June 6, 1710; Rhoda, 
b. Ap. 17, 1717. 

Joseph Sextus m. Hannah Wright, Nov. 20, 1690 ; chn. Hannah, b. 
May 18, 1692 ; Joseph, b. Oct. 2, 1694 ; Mindwell, b. Feb'y 3, 1696 ; 
Daniel, b. Nov. 26, 1700 ; Ezekiel, b. Oct. 28, 1704. 

Isaac Phelps m. Mary Moreley, Dec. 17, 1690; chn. Daniel, b. Jan'y 
17, 1691, d. March 26, 1692 ; Isaac, b. Jan'y 26, 1692, d. June 14, 
1698 ; Aaron, b. Jan'y 31, 1695. 

George Phelps died May 8, 1687, whether brother of Isaac I do not 
know. The Phelps's came from Windsor, Ct. 

Josiah Dewey m. Mehitable Miller, Jan'y 15, 1690. 

Stephen Lee m. Elizabeth Woodward, Dec. 23, 1691 ; chn. Thom- 
as, b. Nov. 5, 1692 ; Samuel, b. May 9, 1695. 

Thomas Ingersoll m. Sarah Ashley, July 22, 1692 ; chn. Thomas, 
b. Nov. 27, 1692 ; Moses, b. Feb. 10, 1694; Miriam, b. June 4, 1697 ; 
David, b. Sept. 30, 1699. 

Richard Church m. Elizabeth Noble, March 3, 1692 ; chn. Hannah, 
b. Oct. 5, 1692 ; John, b. Jan'y 12, 1693 ; (?) Rachel, b. March 1, 1694; 
James, b. Oct, 26, 1696 ; Joseph, b. Dec. 7, 1698 ; Jonathan, b. Dec. 7, 
1700 ; Samuel, b. Nov. 28, 1702 ; Elizabeth, b. March 26, 1705. 

Thomas Gunn, wife Hannah ; chn. Gideon, b. Ap. 3, 1703, d. Aug. 
17, 1704 ; Moses, b. June 26, 1705 ; Reuben, b. July 25, 1708. Mrs. 
Gunn d. July 2, 1742. Mr. Gunn d. March 8, 1744. 

Thomas Gunn died Feb'y 26, 1680. Wife of Thomas Gunn died 
Nov. 28, 1678. This is supposed to have been the father of Thomas 
mentioned above. 

John Ashley m. Mary Dewey, Sept. 8, 1692 ; chn. Lydia, 

d. Ap. 19, 1708; John, b. Oct. 19, 1697; Moses, b. Oct. 1, 1699 ; Eb- 
enezer, b. March 29, 1701, d. Ap. 11, 1702; Roger, b. Jan'y 30, 1705. 
Mrs. Sarah Ashley d. May 30, 1708. Mrs. Mary Ashley d. March, 
1735. John Ashley Esq. d. Ap. 17, 1759. 

Ambrose Fowler m. Mary Baker, Sept. 11, 1693 ; chn. Ruth, b. 
Sept. 11, 1694; Mary, b. March 11, 1696; Samuel, b. Oct. 9, 1700; 
Joseph, b. July 18, 1703; Mindwell, b. March 1, 1706; David and 
Noah b. Feb. 8, 1708, d. the same month. Mr. A. Fowler d. July 1, 
1712. 

Ambrose Fowler, Sen. d. Oct. 18, 1704. Joan, his wife, d. May 22, 
1684. 

Nehemiah Loomis m. Thankful Weller, Jan'y 3, 1694 ; chn. Isaac, 

b. July 29, 1695, d. Oct. 9, 1695; Nehemiah, d. Jan'y 24, 1727; 

Abigail, b. May 4, 1701 ; Nathaniel, Aug. 19, 1703 ; Rachel, b. 
March 26, 1706, d. Ap. 1706 ; Thankful, b. May 3, 1710, d. Jan'y 
13, 1711. Mr. N. Loomis d. Feb'y 4, 1740. Mrs. Loomis d. Feb'y 
23, 1748. 

t Thomas Noble m. Elizabeth Dewey Dec. 19, 1695 ; chn. Thomas, b. 
Sept. 10, 1696 ; Job, b. Jan'y 28, 1698, d. June 25, 1699 ; Jonathan, b. 
May 1, 1700, d. Nov. 1719 ; Seth, b. Oct. 30, 1702, d. Dec. 4, 1702; 
Elizabeth, b. Sept. 3, 1705; Israel, b. Sept. 20, 1703 ; Lois, b. July 4, 
1708; Ebenezer, b. Oct. 11, 1711 ; Thankful, b. May 31, 1714; Anna, 
b. Oct. 30, 1716 ; Jonathan, b. May 23, 1721. Deac, T. Noble d. July 
29, 1750. Mrs. N. d. Oct. 2, 1757. 



1853.] Marriages, Births andDeaths in Westfield. 271 

Samuel Dewey m. Sarah Weller. Dec. 19, 1695 ; chn. Sarah, b. 
Jan'y 26, 1696 ; Elizabeth, b. May 3, 1699; Hannah, b. Oct. 14, 1701, 
d. Oct. 30, 1701 ; Samuel, b. April 12, 1703 ; Deliverance, b. Aug. 4, 
1706, d. May 14, 1757 ; Jonathan, b. June 3, 1708. Mrs. Sarah Dew- 
ey d. July 21, 1709. 

Joseph Morely m. Abigail Root, Sept. 13, 1696 ; chn. Abigail, b. 
Nov. 16, 1697; Abner, b. March 24, 1699 ; Sarah, b. Nov. 14, 1702; 
David, b. Feb'y 9, 1704; Mary, b. Sept. 29, 1707; Hannah, b. Jany 
12, 1709 ; Isaac, b. Oct. 18, 1712 ; Rachel, b. Sept. 11, 1715. 

Daniel Bagg, wife Hannah ; chn. Hannah, b. Oct. 6, 1695 ; Daniel, 
b. Feb. 24, 1697 ; Ebenezer, b. Nov. 9, 1700, d. Dec. 21, 1700 ; Ra- 
chel, b. June 22, 1702 ; Ann, b. Jan'y 30, 1704 ; Abigail, b. Sept. 15, 
1707 ; Ruth, b. Jan'y 20, 1709 ; Margaret, b. Oct. 26, 1712 ; Sarah, b. 
Nov. 7, 1714; David, b. Feb. 19, 1717. Mr. D. Baggd. Aug. 18, 1738. 

Stephen Kellogg, wife Lvdia ; chn. Lydia, b. Jan'y 24, 1697 ; 
Moses, b. Oct. 26, 1700, d. Sept. 15, 1704; Abigail, b. Dec. 27, 1702 ; 
Daniel, b. Dec. 16, 1704; Ephraim, b. July, 2, 1707; Mercy, b. Oct. 
30,1709; Noah, b. Feb. 13, 1711; Silas, b. Ap. 7, 1714; Amos, b. 
Sept. 30, 1716. Mr. S. Kellogg d. June 5, 1722. 

Mark Noble, wife Mary ; chn. Noah, b. March 5, 1698, d. Oct. 7, 
1703; Mary, b. Dec. 20, 1701; Abigail, b. July 7, 1704; John, b. 
Dec. 21, 1706 ; Miriam, b. Jan'y 4, 1709 ; Noah, b. May 23, 1713. 
Mrs. M. Noble d. May 12, 1733. Mr. M. Noble d Ap. 16, 1741. 

Thomas Pixby, wife Lydia ; chn. Sarah, b. March 2, 1699 ; Noah, b. 
Aug. 13, 1706 Mr. Thomas Pixby d. Oct, 6, 1731. 

Ephraim Stiles, wife Abigail ; chn. Rachel, b. May 21, 1695 ; Isaac, 
b. Oct. 6, 1696 ; Ephraim, b. Dec. 5, 1699. 

Joseph Ashley m. Abigail Dewey Ap. 12, 1699 ; chn. James, b. 
Feb'y 26, 1699 ; Abigail, b. Oct. 1, 1702, d. March 11, 1707; Naomi, 
b. Feb'y 4, 1704, d. Feb. 22, 1705. Mr. Ashley d. Feb. 25, 1705. 

John Ingersoll m. Isabella Brown, April 12, 1699 ; had Isabella b. 
March 18, 1701. Mr. J. Ingersoll d. May 18, 1750. 

Joseph Pixby m. Abigail Clarke Aug. 23, 1699 ; chn. Joseph, b. 
March 4, 1703 ; Jonah, b. March 3, 1701 ; Abigail, b. May 29, 1705 ; 
Moses, b. June 9, 1707; John, b. Oc*. 22, 1709; Jonathan, b, Jan'y 
17, 1711 ; David, b. March 21, 1714; Clark, b. Oct. 3, 1724. 
^. Ephraim Cotton m. Mary Noble, Feb. 1, 1697. 



SINGULAR CUSTOM. 



In the Priory of Dunmow Parva, Essex County, Eng., about the time 
of King Henry I., a custom was instituted by Robert Earl of Clare, or 
some of his Successors in the Barony, That he that repents him not of 
his Marriage, either sleeping or waking, in a Year and a Day, nor has 
had any Brawls and Contentions with his Wife, nor made any Nuptial 
Transgression within that time, and will take his Oath of the same before 
the Prior and Convent, and the whole Town, kneeling upon two hard 
pointed Stones, shall have a Gammon of Bacon delivered to him with 
great Solemnity. The Records of the Priory mention three that received 
it, viz. Richard Wright of Badbury, near Norwich ; Stephen Samuel, and 
Thomas Le Fuller, of Essex. We arc assured, that the Custom goes 
still along with the Manor, and that some have lately received it. 

Mag. Brit, year, 1720. 



272 Memoirs of Princes Subscribers. [July? 

BRIEF MEMOIRS AND NOTICES OF PRINCE'S SUBSCRIBERS. 

[Continued from page 200.] 

Brown, John, was born at Little Cambridge, now Brighton, graduated H. C. 1714; 
settled in the ministry at Haverhill, Mass , May 13, 1719. He married Joanna, dau. of 
Rev. Roland Cotton, the great-grand-daughter of Rev. John Cotton, minister of the 
first church, Boston. Mr. Brown died at Haverhill, Dec. 2, 1742. He had four sons 
and two daughters, viz : John, who graduated H. C. 1741, and was minister of Cohas- 
set 45 years. He died 1792, aged 67. Cotton, grad. H. C. 1743; ordained at Brook- 
line, 1748, and died April 13, 1751. Ward, grad. H. C. 1748, and died the same year. 
Thomas, b. at Haverhill, 1733, grad. II. C. 1752; was first settled at Marshfield, and 
afterwards, in 1765, was installed over the Stroudwater Parish in Falmouth, Me.; died 
there in 1797. Of the three daughters, Abigail married Rev. Edward Brooks, of Med- 
ford, who was afterwards settled in North Yarmouth, Me., where he remained five 
years, and then returned to Medford; they had two sons and two daughters, viz. Cot- 
ton Brown, who died at Portland, in 1834, aged 69. Peter Chardon, died at Boston, 
1849, aged 82. Mary, who m. Samuel Gray, of Medford, d. 1839, aged 73; and Joan- 
na Cotton who m. Nathaniel Hall, of Medford, e»nd d. in 1841, aged 69. 

Rev. John Brown, of Haverhill, was buried in the old burying ground there. His 
tomb becoming somewhat decayed, his descendant, Hon. P. C. Brooks, of Boston, 
caused a granite monument to be erected, on which was inscribed the original epitaph : 
" Rev. John Brown, ordained May 13, 1719, died Dec. 2, 1742, aged 46. As he was 
greatly esteemed in this life for his learning, piety and prudence, his removal is very 
justly lamented, as a loss to his family, church and country. He was an Israelite in- 
deed, in whom there was no guile." w. g. b. 

Chipman, Rev. John, of Beverly, was son of the Hon. John Chipman of Sand- 
wich, by his wife, Hope, dau. of John Howland by his wife Elizabeth, dau. of Gov. 
John Carver. His sister Bethiah, m. Samuel Smith, Esq. of Sandwich, whose son, 
Stephen S. Esq. of Sandwich, was one of the early settlers of Machias, Me. and m. 
Deborah Ellis of Sandwich. Their dau. Deborah m. Col. Joseph Wallis of Narragua- 
gas plantation, in the Co. of Lincoln, Me. Their da. Elizabeth Thorndike, m. Stephen 
J. Bowles, Esq. t. 

Gerrish, Capt. John, of Boston, was grandson of William G., the captain of the 
Train Band of Newbury. He was buried in the Chapel burying-ground, but there re- 
mains nothing upon the stone which marks the place of his interment, except his 
name. Waterman, His father was probably Moses G. who m. Jane Sewall in 1671, 
and d. 1694. If this be correct he was posthumous, being born 1695. Capt. John Ger- 
ris, merchant, died before 30 May, 1743. He was of the noted firm of that day, John 
& Joseph G. Joseph was, perhaps, his brother. Three years later, (1746) there was 
a John G. who kept " a public Vendue House on Dock Square," Boston. 

Livermore, Mr. Thomas of Watertown, was b. 5 June, 1674-5 or 1675-6, d. 8 
May 1761, ae. 85. He settled in the West Precinct of Watertown (Waltham) and 
was elected Deacon 1718, and often held the most responsible municipal offices. He 
was a son of Samuel and Anna or Hannah (Bridge) Livermore, and grandson of the 
first John and Grace L. and Matthew and Anna (Danforth) Bridge, and great-grand- 
son of Dea. John and Elizabeth Bridge of Cambridge, and of Nicholas Danforth of C. 
He m. Mary, da. of Nathaniel and Mary (Coolidge) Bright, and grand-da. of Dea. 
Henry and Anna (Goldstone) Bright, and of Simon and Mary Coolidge, and gr.-gr.-da. 
of Henry and Anna Goldston and of the first John and Mary Coolidge. Dea. T. L. 
had 8 ch. and numerous descendants, a few of whom have rec d a. collegiate education. 

Dr. H. Bond's MS. Letter, 
Odlin, Woodbridge, " Student at Harvard College," — was afterwards settled at 
Exeter, N. H., where he was ord. 28 Sept. 1743. He was b. at Exeter 28 Apl. 1718; 
grad. H. C. 1738; d. 10 Mch. 1776, ae. 57. He m. Mrs. Abigail (Gilman) Strong, 23 
Oct. 1755; and had ch.— I. Dudley ; II. Woodbridge ; HI. Peter ; IV. Elizabeth; 
V. Abigail, m. Hon. Nathaniel Gilman, of Exeter; VI. John; VII. Mary Ann, m. 
Thomas Stickney, of Concord; VIII. Charlotte, m. Jeremiah Stickney, of Dover. 

His father was Rev. John Odlin. minister of Exeter, b. at Boston 18 Nov. 1681; grad. 
H. C. 1702; ord. 12 Nov. 1706; d. 1754 ae. 72.— His father's father was Elisha Odlin, 
of Boston, b. 1, 5, 1640; d. abt. 1724, who was son of John Odlin or Audlin, of Boston, 
by wf. Margaret. This John Odlin, on the 10 June, 1684, being then abt. 82 yrs. old, 
with Robert Walker, Francis Hudson, and William Lytherland, made a deposition in 
relation to the purchase of Boston, abt. 1634, from William Blackstone; which deposi- 
tion is printed 2 Mass. Hist. Coll. IV. 202-3. — His father's mother was Abigail Bright, 
dau. of Dea. Henry and Mrs. Anne (Gouldstone) Bright, of Watertown; grand dau. of 
Henrie and Marie; gr. grand dau. of Thomas and Margaret; and gr. gr. grand dau. of 
Walter and Margaret Bright, all of Bury St. Edmunds, Co. Suffolk, Eng. 



1852.] Memoirs of Prince's Subscribers. 273 

His mother was Elizabeth Woodbridge, who m. 1st, Rev. John Clark, of Exeter; 2d, 
Rev. John OJlin, above. She d. 6 Dec. 1729. — His mother's father was Rev. Benja- 
min Woodbridge, (minister of Kittery, Bristol and Medford, who d. at M. 15 Jan 1709- 
10,) son of Rev. John and Mrs. Mercy (Dudley) Woodbridge, (of Andover, Ms., An- 
dover and Burford, Eng., and Newbury, Ms.,) and grandson of Rev. John Woodbridge 
of Stanton, Wiltshire, Eng. — His mother's mother was Mary Ward, b. 24 June, 1649, 
dau. of Rev. John and Mrs. Alice (Edmunds) Ward, of Haverhill, Ms.; grand dau. of 
Rev. Nathaniel Ward, author of the Simple Cobler of Aggawam; and gr. grand dau. 
of Rev. John Ward, of Haverhill, co. Suffolk, Eng. J. d. 

Phillips, Rev. Samuel, of Andover, was the son of Samuel Phillips, (goldsmith,) 
of Salem, the grandson of Rev. Samuel Phillips, who was the minister of Rowley 46 
years, and the great grandson of Rev. George Phillips who was the first minister of 
Watertown, and who came over in 1630, in company with Gov. Winthrop and others. 

Rev. Samuel Phillips, of Andover, was born at Salem, Feb. 28, 1690. — He was pre- 
pared for college under Master Emerson, and graduated at H. C. in 1708, at the age of 
18. He was settled in the ministry at Andover (South Parish) in 1711, where he con- 
tinued 60 years. He married Hannah White of Haverhill, daughter of John White 
Esq. Mr. Phillips died June 5, 1771, in the 80th year of his age. He had five child- 
ren, three sons and two daughters, viz : Mary, b. Nov. 30. 1752, m. Samuel Appleton, 
of Haverhill, Oct. 12, 1736, d. Nov. 24, 1737; Samuel, b. Feb. 13, 1715, married 
Elizabeth Barnard of Andover — he died Aug. 21, 1790. They had seven children, 
only one of whom lived to mature age, viz : Samuel Phillips, who was Lieut. Gov. of 
the Commonwealth at the time of his death, in 1802. Samuel Phillips, the father, was 
the founder in connexion with his brother John, of the " Phillips' Academy M at An- 
dover. Lydia, their third child, born June 10, 1717, married Dr. Parker Clark of An- 
dover — died Nov. 4, 1749 — leaving children, one of whom married Dr. Edward Rus- 
sell of North Yarmouth, (Maine.) John, the founder of Exeter Academy, born Dec. 
27, 1719. Of these four children, three were born on the Sabbath. He graduated at 
Cambridge in 1735 — married 1st, Mrs. Sarah Gilman of Exeter — 2d, the widow of Dr. 
Hale, of Exeter. He had no children — died Ap. 21,1795. William born June 25, 
1722 — married Abigail Bromfield, daughter of Hon. Edward Bromfield of Boston. — He 
resided in Boston when he died Jan. 15, 1804. — He was the father of Lt. Gov. William 
Phillips, and grandfather of Hon. Jonathan Phillips of Boston. Abigail, daughter of 
William and Abigail, married Hon. Josiah Q,uincy, Jr., the distinguished patriot of the 
revolution. 

Rev. Samuel Phillips, of Andover was a faithful, strict and devoted pastor. He left 
a large number of printed sermons and manuscripts. He preached the Election Sermon 
in 1750, the manuscript of which, as well as his copy of " Prirrce's Annals " are now 
in my possession." w. g. b. 

Phillips, John, was brother of Rev. Samuel Phillips of Andover. He was born 
at Salem, June 22, 1701 — removed to Boston and became apprenticed to Col. Hench- 
man, stationer, and having married the eldest daughter of N. Buttolph, in the same 
business, he settled in Boston. He was Deacon of Brattle street Church, Col. of the 
Boston Regiment, and Overseer of the Poor many years. He died April 19, 1763, 
aged 62. He had several children, viz: John, Samuel, Abigail, Sarah, Mary Ann, and 
William who married Margaret Wendell, daughter of Hon. Jacob Wendell. He was 
the father of Hon. John Phillips, first Mayor of Boston. w. g. b. 

Prentice, Rev. Mr. Solomon, of Grafton — was the first minister of that place, 
then called Hasanamisco. He was the son of Solomon P. Jr. of Cambridge (b. 1673 
at C.) who was son of Solomon P. Sen. (b. 23, 7, 1646 at C.) who was son of Henry 
Prentice, " Planter," who was at Cambridge previous to 16-10, and had two wives, 
Elizabeth, (d. 1643,) and Joan. Henry d. 1654. He was a member of the 1st church 
at C. formed in 1636, and a freeman of Mass. 1650. 

Rev. Solomon Prentice was b. in Cambridge 11 May 1705, grad H. U. 1727, and 
was settled by the proprietors of Grafton, (of whom he was one,) as their minister, in 
1731, on a salary of £100 per year. He mar. 26 Oct. 1732, at Groton, Mass., Sarah, 
dan. of Nathaniel and Sarah Sartell. (See Sartell, Nathaniel.) She was an ac- 
tive and energetic woman, well educated at a convent in England. It is said that she 
could quote any part of the Bible. Some of her needle work embroidery is still pre- 
served in the hands of her descendants — the colors as fresh as they ever were. Mr. P. 
" was a man of God, pure in heart, and of true piety, and of the Calvin ist Congrega- 
tional persuasion." During the excitement caused by Whitfield, he invited him to 
preach in Grafton. Soon after, troubles sprang up in the society, which resulted in his 
dismission 19 July, 1747, after 16 years service. He afterwards preached at Belling- 
ham and Easton, and in Hull, Mass. from 1768 to 1772; but the latter location not suit- 
ing his health, he returned to his house and farm in Grafton, where " May 22, 1773, 

35 



274 Memoirs of Prince's Subscribers. [July* 

aged 68 years, he fell asleep in expectation of a glorious immortality." His house in 
G. is now standing, in good condition. 

Solomon & Sarah (Sarteli) Prentice had 10 ch. viz: — I. Solomon, b. 1733, killed 
1747; — II. Nathaniel Sarteli, b. 1735, Judge, Alstead, N. H. ; his grandson Nathan- 
iel Prentice Banks is now Speaker of the Mass. H. R.; — HI. Sarah, b. 1738; — IV. 
John, b. 1739, d. 1812, settled in Ward, (now Auburn) ;— V. Sarah, b. 1740;— VI. 
Henry, b. 1742; of Grafton; — VII. Sarah, b. 1744, mar. 1752, William Brigham, of 
Grafton, grandfather of Win, B. Esq. attorney, of Boston, compiler of the Old Colony 
Laws for the Mass. Legislature ; — VIII. Lydia, b. 1746, d. young; — IX. Solomon, b. 
1748, d. at Edenton, N. C. ; — X. Mary, b. 12 Aug. 1751, at Easton, mar. 1770, at 
Hull, Amos Binney, grandfather of the writer of this. — Rev. S. Prentice has numerous 
descendants. c. j. f. b. 

Prescott, Hon. Benjamin, born in Groton, 4 Jan. 1695-6, mar. 11 June, 1718, 
Abigail, dau. of Hon. Thomas Oliver of Cambridge, and died 3 Aug. 1738, aged 43 
years. He was the third son (twelfth child) of Jonas Prescott of Groton, who, born in 
Lancaster, Mass. June, 1648 — was the third son (seventh child) of John Prescott of 
Lancashire, England, who married in England, Mary Platts of Yorkshire, and in Eng- 
land several of their children were born. John Prescott went first to Barbadoes, (it is 
said) and owned lands there in 1638. About 1640 he came to New England, and after 
remaining some time in Charlestown and Watertown, settled in Lancaster, where he 
had a good estate. He was one of the first settlers of Lancaster, which is said to 
have been so named in compliment to him. 

Benjamin Prescott, the subject of this sketch was in 1717 appointed a lieutenant of 
the first company of foot; in 1723, being then 27 years of age, he first represented the 
town of Groton in the General Court, where he remained eight years. In 1724, he 
was commissioned a Justice of the Peace, and afterward Quorumunus ; in 1732 a 
Lieutenant Colonel in a Middlesex and Worcester regiment; in 1735 a Justice of the 
Superior Court, and in 1738, the year of his death, he was chosen to represent the 
Province at the Court of Great Britain, which office he declined, giving as a reason, 
that he had never had the small pox. The Hon. Edmund Quincy was chosen in his 
stead, and died on his Mission, of the disease which Mr. Prescott feared would prove 
fatal to himself. 

Hon. Benjamin P. was father of the Hon. James, Col. William, and the Hon. Oliver 
Prescott, M. D. He was grandfather of the late Judge William Prescott of Boston, 
and great-grandfather of W. H. P., the Historian. f. w. p. 

Another notice of Benjamin Prescott, Esq., has been received, and though a very 
good one, this is considered as preferable, the principal early fact being from original 
MSS. preserved in that branch of the family represented by the above subscriber, d. 

Russell,, Daniel, Esq. and Russell, Chambers, Charlestown, Ms. The paternal 
ancestor of these subscribers was the Hon. Richard Russell 1 , who was born in Here- 
ford, Co. of Hereford, Eng. in 1611; came to N. Eng. and settled in Charlestown, Ms. 
in 1640; representative of that town thirteen years; in 1659 he was elected an As- 
sistant (Counsellor) and it is worthy of remark, that, just a century after his election 
to represent the town in the General Court which was in 1646, his great-grand son, 
the Hon. James Russell 4 , was chosen to the same office, and served the same term of 
years; and just a century from the time he was elected Counsellor, his great-grand-son, 
the Hon. Chambers Russell 4 was elected to the same office. The wife of Hon. Rich- 
ard R. was Maud, who d. in 1652. He had a 2 d wf., widow Mary Chester of Weath- 
ersfield, who had no children by him His eldest son, the Hon. James R. 2 b. 4 Oct. 
1640, merchant in Charlestown, succeeded him in his business and public offices. 
He d. 28 April, 1709, ae. 69. His son, the Hon. Daniel R. 3 b. 30 Nov. 1685, d. 6 
Dec. 1763. He was one of the subscribers. His wife was dau. of the Hon. Charles 
Chambers, and their son, Hon. Chambers R. 4 was the other. He was b. In the year 
1713, H. C. 1731, d. 24 Nov. 1767, ae. 54. His brother, Hon. James R. 4 b. 5 Aug. 
1715, d. 24 April, 1798, ae. 82, whose wife was Katharine, da. of Hon. Thomas 
Graves of Charlestown. She d. in Lincoln, Ms. 17 Sept. 1778, ae. 61. They had 
eleven children, one of whom was the Hon. Thomas Russell, who d. in Boston, 8 
April, 1796, ae. 56. A sermon was preached at his funeral by Dr. Morse, and a few 
days after an Eulogy was delivered by Dr. John Warren, upon his life and character. 
Dr. Morse preached a funeral sermon two years later, on the father of the Hon. Thom- 
as R. 5 He also preached another funeral discourse on the Hon. Thomas' sister Mary, 
who d. 24 July, 1806, ae. 53. The Hon. Chambers Russell, held at the time of his 
death, the offices of Judge of the Superior Court, and Judge of the Admiralty. 

S. G. D. 

Sartle, (properly Sartell) Nathaniel, of Groton, Esq. — was born in Scotland 
or England. He came over, with his wife Sarah and several children, about 1720. 
He was probably master and owner of his vessel. By his will, made in 1710, at Gos- 
port, Eng., in favor of his wife, it appears that he was then about to proceed on one 



1852.] 



Memoirs to Prince's Subscribers. 275 



of his trips to America. In the will, he is called of Gosport, sometime of Charlestown 
in the Colony of N. E. The notary wrote his name Nathaniel Sattle, and he so 
signed it, perhaps to avoid a new copy, or thinking the will would probably never be 
used. When offered for probate it was opposed by his son Josiah, on account of its 
signature and old date; but he finally withdrew his objections. On a voyage in 1718, 
he was shipwrecked, and wrote the following memorandum in his Bible : — " Feb. ye 
14, 1718, I was cast on the rocks of Quibberone, near Bellisle, in the bay of Resimea, 
all my men lost. N. Sartell." — Expecting that all hands would be lost, and wishing to 
inform his family of his fate, he headed up the Bible in a cask, and threw it overboard. 
When the vessel went in pieces, he took the cabin boy on his back, and swam to a 
rock. The boy perished in the night, but he was taken the next morning, nearly ex- 
hausted, from the rock, by some fishermen. The Bible also was saved, and is now 
in the possession of Charles J. F. Binney, Esq. It is a large Bible, with oak covers 
half an inch thick, covered with embossed leather, and having thick wrought brass 
clasps. His wife sent a vessel in search of him. Mr. Sartell was wealthy, and seems 
to have been a leading man in the town of Groton. He d. Jan. 16th, 1741, ae. 60. 
Though he lost large quantities of silver and merchandize by the wreck, he left at his 
death a valuable property. He left warehouses, houses, lands and other property at 
Charlestown, valued at £1120; property in Groton £3848; silver £47; 14 gilt leather 
chair bottoms; books; surveying instruments &c. 

There was early at Watertown a Richard Saurtell. His will, dated 1692, mentions 
lands in Watertown and Groton. He was probably related to the Groton Sawtells, 
who are said to have been a distinct family from the Sartells of that place. 

Nathaniel and Sarah Sartell had ch.: — I. Nathaniel, who was lost at sea before 
1742, leaving 2 children, viz: 1. Nathaniel, whose descendants reside in Groton and 
Pepperell, and 2, Hannah, who m. Hercules Bacon of Charlestown; II. Josiah, who 
m. Mary Green, and lived in Groton; his children, two sons and two daughters, died 
young, and he left a considerable estate to the church and town of Groton; III. Mar- 
garet, m. Gibbs, of Charlestown; IV. Sarah, m. Rev. Solomon Prentice, of 

Grafton, and afterwards of Hull, and had ten children. (See Prentice, Solomon). 
— Compiled from memoranda, by C. J. F. Binney, Esq. and Miss Butler of Groton. 

Nathaniel Sartle, Esq., of Groton, was very probablya grandson of Richard Sawtell 
an earlv settler of Watertown, and probably a son of Zachariah Sawtel of Groton. 
[Dr. H. Bond's Ms. Letter.] He was a./epresentative in the Gen. Court in 1733, 
1739, and 1741, and is often mentioned in the journals of that body. d. 

Stoker, Mr. Ebenezer, of Boston, and the Rev. Mr. Seth Storer, of Watertown, 
were sons of Joseph and Hannah Storer, whose children were, I. Hannah, b. 6 May, 
1680, m. Joshua Littlefield; II. Sarah, b. 9 Dec. 1682, m. J. Colburn,d. 21 Jan. 1770; 

III. Mary, b. 12 May, 1685, m. Jean St. Germaine, d. at Montreal, 25 Aug. 1747; 

IV. Abigail, b. 29 Oct. 1687; V. Joseph, b. 29 Aug. 1690; VI. John, b. 5 Sept. 1694; 
VII. Keziah, b. 2 May, 1697, m. Ebenezer Plummer; VIII. Ebenezer, b. "at Sacow 
fFort," 4 June, 1699; IX. Seth, b. 26 May, 1702. These two last were the subscribers. 
Rev. Seth, (IX) H. C. 1720, d. at Watertown, 27 Nov. 1774. Ebenezer (VIII) m. 
Mary Edwards, 20 June, 1723, d. 22 May, 1761; she d. 6 Dec. 1772. Their chn. 
were, I. Joseph, b. 25 April, 1724, d. 12 Sept. 1724 ; II. Mary, b. 21 June, 1725, d. 
28 June, 1727-8; III. Elizabeth, b. 24 Dec. 1726, m. Isaac Smith 9 Oct. 1746. d. 27 
June, 1786; IV. Ebenezer, b. 16 Dec. 1728, d. 22 Dec. 1728; V. Ebenezer, b. 27 
Jan. 1729-30, m. Elizabeth Green, 17 July, 1751, and Hannah Lincoln, 6 Nov. 1777, 
d. 6 Jan. 1807; VI. Mary, b. 8 April, 1732, d. 22 Oct. 1733; VII. Hannah, b. 16 
Jan. 1734-5, d. 29 April, 1737; VIII. Mary, b. 2 Jan. 1736-7; m. Edward Green, 14 
April, 1757, and Benjamin Hall 23 Aug. 1791; IX. Hannah, b. 23 May, 1739, no. 
Joshua Green, 7 Oct. 1762, d. 2 Sept. 1811; X. Sybill, b. 6 Feb. 1742-3, d. 28 Feb. 
1749. The three Greens married into this family, were children of Joseph Green, 
Esq. of Boston. MS. letter of Joshua Green, M. D. of Groton. 

Storer's Garrison House, at Wells, was a noted point in the time of the latter In- 
dian Wars. It was here that Capt. Converse made such a brave defence against a 
superior force of French and Indians in 1692; and where, the year before, "fierce 
Moxus " was defeated, which caused the famous gasconade of Maddokawando; " that 
he would have the dog Converse out of his hole." In 1739, " John Storer, Esq., and 
others, sons of their late father, Joseph Storer of Wells, deceased," were petitioners 
to the General Court of Massachusetts, for some " bounty " "on account of their said 
father's services and sufferings in the late distressing Indian wars." 

The Rev. Mr. Seth Storer of Watertown, was also a subscriber to President Wil- 
lard's " Body of Divinity," printed in 1726. Mr. Ebenezer Storer subscribed for four 
copies of Dr. Chauncey's " State of Religion in N. England," 1743, and Mr. Turell's 
" Life of Dr. Colman," 1749. From the great number of books which I have seen 
with the name of " Ebenezer Storer" in them, he must have had an extensive library 
for his time. s. g. d. 



276 Pearce of Gloucester, Mass. [July? 

PEARCE OF GLOUCESTER, MASS. 

The name Pearce is a common one in England, being undoubt- 
edly derived from the baptismal name Peter or Piers* as it was 
called after the conquest,! and while French was still the court 
language, and has been variously written as Piers, Pierse, Pierce, 
Peirce, Peers, Peeres, Peerse, Perse, Pearse and Pearce, and there 
are families of the name settled in the counties of Essex, Glouces- 
ter, Kent, Devon, Norfolk, Suffolk, Bedford, Somerset, York, War- 
wick, etc., England. 

In the List of Gentry in the County of Kent, made 12th Henry 
VI. (A. D. 1433,) appear the names of Henrici Piers, of Canter- 
bury, and Nicholai Piers. 

The Peirses of Bedale, county of York, Eng. (now represented 
by the three daughters and coheiresses of the late Henry Peirse, of 
Bedale, Esquire, M. P.) descended from Peter Peirse, who flour- 
ished during the reigns of Edward IV. and Richard III. and being 
attached to the house of York, fought at the battle of Bosworth 
field in 1485, as standard bearer in the army of Richard the 
Third. 

Sir Henry Samuel Piers, of Tristernagh Abbey, county of West- 
meath, Ireland, 7th Baronet, descends from Richard Piers, Esq. of 
Piers Hall, co. York, Eng., whose son William was sent over to 
Ireland in 1566, and subsequently created Governor of Carrick- 
fergus. 

In 1744, the Pearces of St. Keverne, Cornwall, had possessed 
the lands of Rosewick for three centuries. 



The first patent of Plymouth, dated June 1, 1621, was granted 
to John Pierce, citizen of London. 

Prince, in his New England Chronology, says : — " 1622, June 
or July. By Mr. Weston's ship comes a tetter from Mr. John 
Pierce, in whose name the Plymouth patent is taken ; signi- 
fying that whom the Governor admits into the association he will 
approve". And further — " 1623, April. At length we receive 
letters from England, wherein they give an account that last fall, 
October 16, 1622, a ship, the Paragon, sailed from London with 
passengers for New Plymouth ; being fitted out by Mr. John 
Pierce, in whose name our first patent was taken, his name being 
only used in trust ; but when he saw that we were here hopefully 
seated, and by the success God gave us, had obtained favor with 
the Council for New England, he gets another patent of larger 
extent, meaning to keep it to himself, allow us only what he 
pleased, hold us as his tenants and sue to his courts as chief 
Lord." 

On account of bad weather, however, the ship returned to Lon- 

* French, Pierre. 

t e. g. Piers de Gaveston, the notorious favorite of Edward the Second, beheaded 
1314. 



1852.] Pearce of Gloucester ■, Mass. 277 

don, leaky, and after repairs sailed again December 22, but a 
second time was obliged by a terrible storm to return to Ports- 
mouth, with loss of masts, roundhouse and upper works, " having 
one hundred and nine souls on board with Mr. Pierce himself. 
Upon which great and repeated loss and disappointment, he is 
prevailed upon for Five Hundred Pounds, to resign his patent to 
the company. 7 ' He then remained in England, and the emigrants 
hired another ship. 

According to some accounts, Capt. William Pierce was master 
of Mr. John Pierce's vessel. 

In 1623, early in June, arrived in Plymouth the ship Ann, 
Captain William Pierce, and he appears to have been connected 
with the colonies for the remainder of his life. In 1641. he was 
appointed by Government to command an expedition against the 
Bahamas, and was shot at Providence, one of the Bahama 
Islands, in 1641. 



ABRAHAM PIERCE or Peirce, is the first of the name who 
settled in New England. He may have been a relation of John 
and William before-mentioned, and perhaps came over with the 
latter in the Ann. 

In 1623, land was granted in Plymouth to "Mr. Perce's two 
servants," and in the next record preserved, dated in 1627, being 
the division of cattle and goats, appears the name of Abraham 
Pierce. It is highly probable, therefore, that the two servants 
mentioned in 1623, were sent over in advance to prepare the way 
for him, and that he soon followed, for in 1627 and for some years 
after, he was the only one of the name in the colony.* 

He removed from Plymouth to Duxbury, Mass., in or prior to 
1643, and was one of the original proprietors of Bridgewater in 
1645'. 

He had issue by Rebecca, his wife; three daughters and two 
sons. 

1. Abraham, of whom presently ; 2. Isaac, married and removed 
to Middleboro', Mass., and died 1732, leaving widow Alice, sons 
Isaac, (who removed to Eastham, Mass.) and Thomas, and four 
daughters. 

Abraham Pierce died in Duxbury, ante A.D. 1673. His eldest 
son, 

ABRAHAM PIERCE, was born in Plymouth, January, 1638. 
He had by Hannah his v/ife three sons, viz : — 

1. Abraham, m. and had a son Abraham, who m. September 
25, 1729, Abigail Peterson, and removed to Pembroke, Mass. ; 2. 
John; 3. Samuel, of whom next. 

In 1704, Abraham Pierce, Sen 1 of Duxbury, deeds "to son 
Samuel Pierce," land bounded north by land of " my son John, 
south by my brother Isaac." Abraham Pierce, II. died in Dux- 
bury, January, 1718, ae 80. His son, 

* It is possible that the Mr. Perce here alluded to may have been Captain William, 
but it is not very likely that a merchant captain would leave ashore a couple of men to 
lay out a farm — and besides, he never settled here, but continued a sailor to the end 
of his life. 



278 Pearce of Gloucester, Mass. [July's 

SAMUEL PIERCE married in Duxbury, January 18, 1703. 
Mary Saunders. About the year 1710 he removed to Gloucester, 
Mass., where he had surviving issue, 

1. David, of whom hereafter; 2. Jonathan, b. August 24, 
1719 ; 3 Joseph, b. August 14, 1725. He probably had issue in 
Duxbury, but no record of them can be found. 

In 1710, Samuel Pierce and Mary his wife sold land bounded 
north by " brother John, south by uncle Isaac." In 1714, "Sam- 
uel Pierce, late of Duxburrough, now of Glouceester," and Mary 
his wife sold " one commonage in Duxburrough and rights as a 
commoner since 1710." His son, 

DAYID PIERCE, born in Gloucester, October 5, 1713, married 
January 20, 1736, Susannah Stephens, daughter of Samuel 
Stephens and Mary Ellery his wife, and niece of Colonel John 
Stephens.* He had by her (with six daughters) three sons, viz., 

1. David, of whom we treat next ; 2. Joseph, removed to the 
State of Maine ; 3. William, b. December 2, 1751. Colonel Wil- 
liam Pearce died February 3, 1845, ae. 95. 

Davrd Pearce died A. D. 1759, ae. 46. His wife, who was born 
March 25, 1717, d. A. D. 1753, ae. 36. His eldest son, 

DAVID PEARCE, born in Gloucester October 26, 1736, altered 
the spelling of his name to Pearce, as did also his brother Colonel 
William. He married first, March 15, 1759, JBethia Ingersoll, 
(b. January 28, 1741,) daughter of Josiah Ingersoll and Bethiah 
Sargent his wife,f by whom he had (with daughters, one of whom, 
Abigail, married Benjamin Parrot t Homer, of Boston, J) two sons, 
David, of whom next, and John, who d., coelebs, at Nantes, 
France, where he went for his health. Mrs. Pearce d. June 21, 
1792, ae. 52. He wedded secondly Mary Ingersoll, sister of his 
first wife, by whom he had one surviving daughter, and espoused 
thirdly Elizabeth Baldwin, daughter of Colonel Baldwin, of Brook- 
field, Mass., but by her had no issue. He died in Gloucester, 
March, 1818, ae. 81. His only (surviving) son, 

DAVID PEARCE, was born in Gloucester, January 18, 1766, 
A. M. of Harvard University 1786. He removed to Boston, and 
was a merchant on Long wharf, (No. 35,) and ship owner. He 
married Nov. 7, 1793, Rebecca Russell, daughter and co-heir of Dr. 
Charles Russell,§ of Charlestown, Mass., M. D. by his wife Eliza- 

* Samuel and Colonel John Stephens were sons of Deacon James Stephens, select- 
man of Gloucester 14 years, and Representative to the General Court 8 years. He 
was son to William Stephens, one of the first selectmen of Gloucester, and Represen- 
tative as early as 1644. Mary Ellery was daughter to William Ellery or Illery, (Hil- 
lary?), one of the Selectmen of Gloucester, and Deputy to the General Court. 

t Josiah Ingersoll was a descendant from Lieutenant Gporge Ingersoll, Selectman of 
Gloucester, and afterwards Representative to the General Court from Falmouth, Maine, 
and commander of the military company of that town. He (George) was son of Rich- 
ard, of Salem. Bethia Sargent was daughter of John Sargent, whose father John, five 
years selectman of Gloucester, was son of W 7 illiam, Selectman and Deputy. Her 
mother Bethia Davis was daughter of Lieutenant James Davis, Selectman and Repre- 
sentative, son of Capt. James Davis, Selectman and Deputy, who "was often out 
against the Indian enemy." 

X Vide Bridgman's King's Chapel Epitaphs, Appendix, Art. Homer Family. 

§ Dr. Charles Russell, a loyalist, was son of the Hon. James Russell, one of his 
Majesty's judges, and grandson of the Hon. Daniel Russell, whose paternal ancestor, 
the Hon. Richard Russell, of the county of Hereford, England, settled in Charlestown, 
in 1640, and was Treasurer of the Colony, member of the Governor's Council, etc. 



1852.] Ancestry of the Jones Family. 279 

both Vassall, only daughter and heir of Colonel Henry Yassall, of 
Cambridge. Mass., and died in Boston, May, 1807, ae. 41., leaving 
issue two sons and three daughters, viz., 

1. CHARLES RUSSELL PEARCE, of Baltimore, Md., 
merchant, of the firm Birckhead & Pearce, of Baltimore and Rio 
de Janeiro; married Emeline Sumner, and has issue; 2. David 
Pearce, d. ccelebs; 3. Catherine Russell, m. Commodore David 
Geisinger, United States Navy; 4. Harriet Rebecca, m. Red- 
mond Lawrence, of Bucks county, Pennsylvania, gentleman 
farmer ; 5. Helen, m. Ferdinand W. Ostrander, M. D. of Brooklyn, 
N. Y., and died a few years after marriage. b h. d. 



ANCESTRY OF THE JONES FAMILY, STOCKBRIDGE, 

MASS. 

Communicated by Miss Electa F. Jones, of Stockbridge. 

The earliest known Ancestor of the Jones Family, was Rev. John 
Woodbridge, a follower of Wickliffe, born not far from 1492. His son 
John braved the dangers of the same profession and faith, as also did 
John the third, John the fourth, and John the fifth, in regular succession. 
The last named, was the much esteemed Pastor of a Puritan Church in 
Stanton, Wiltshire, Eng. His wife was the daughter of Rev. Robert 
Parker, whom Mather calls " one of the greatest scholars in the English 
Nation, and in some sort the father of all Nonconformists of our day." 
He had one son, Rev. Thomas Parker, first Pastor of Newbury, N. Eng., 
a man greatly distinguished for learning and piety; and, besides Mrs. 
Woodbridge, at least one daughter, the wife of Mr. Noyes, Puritan 
minister of Choulderton, Wiltshire. Thomas, died in Ap. 1677, aged 
ab't 81. 

Mrs. Woodbridge was not unworthy of such connections ; and John, 
her son, openly espoused the Puritan cause while surrounded by the 
temptations of college life. For this reason he was obliged to leave 
Oxford ; and, as his uncle was then about to settle in the New World, 
he came with him to Newbury in 1634. On the death of his father, 
about 8 years afterward, he went over to England, and, having settled the 
estate, brought back his brother Benjamin, who became one of the first 
graduates of Harvard. Another brother died during the passage. Ben- 
jamin, (D. D.) afterwards returned to England, succeeded Dr. Twiss at 
Newbury, and gained a high reputation for piety, learning and talents, 
but was ejected with the mass of Puritan Divines in 1662, after which 
he ministered more privately, until his death at Inglefield, Nov. 1, 1684. 

When the Woodbridges reached America, the town of Andover was 
newly settled, and John was ordained as one of its Pastors, Sept. 16, 
1644. In 1647, however, he was prevailed upon to return once more to 
his native country, where, after acting as Chaplain to the Commission- 
ers who were treating with the King on the Isle of Wight, lie was 
employed at Andover, and finally at Burford St. Martins, in Wiltshire. 
But in 1662 he was ejected, and came the next year to America, with 
his wife and 12 children. He was soon settled in Newbury, and when, 
after some years, he retired from the ministry, he was immediately 
chosen into the magistracy, and continued in public business until his 



2©u Ancestry of the Jones Family. [July, 

death, March 17, 1695, when about 82 years of age. The private 
character of Mr. Woodbridge, as given by Mather, is rarely equalled. 

Mrs. Woodbridge of Newbury, was Mercy, daughter of Thomas 
Dudley, Esq. She was born Sep. 27, 1621, came to America in 1630, 
was married in 1641, and died July 1, 1691. She is spoken of as a 
very excellent woman. 

The Dudley Family seem to have risen to power during the reign of 
Henry 7th, who conferred the title and estate of the Warwick Family, 
then extinct, upon Edmond Dudley, a celebrated Lawyer and Speaker 
in the House of Commons, born in 1442, but executed in 1510. John, 
his son, became Duke of Northumberland, and was the father of Am- 
brose, " The Good Earl of Warwick," Lord Guilford — the husband of 
Lady Jane ; Robert, the Favorite of Elizabeth, and by her made Earl 
of Leicester and owner of Kenilworth Castle ; and of others, whose 
names we are unable to give. 

Capt. Roger Dudley, was of the same generation with Northumber- 
land, and of the same family, but whether 1st, 2d, or 3d cousin, does 
not appear. Such is the character of several members of the family, 
however, that the last is to be preferred. Dying in the service of his 
country, he left a daughter, and a son Thomas, to the care of Provi- 
dence. Thomas, b. in 1574, was educated in the family of the Earl of 
Northampton, until of a sufficient age to commence the study of Law in 
the office of his mother's kinsman, Judge Nichols. Soon after com- 
mencing practice, however, he received a captain's commission from 
Elizabeth, and, at the head of a volunteer company of Northampton 
youth, left for the Continent. He was at the siege of Ameins, in 
Picardy, but seems never to have stood in actual conflict. After the 
raising of the siege, he returned to England, married a lady of family 
and fortune, and settled in the vicinity of Northampton. Hitherto, 
there is no decisive evidence of experimental piety in the family ; but 
now, under the ministrations of Puritan Clergymen in the neighborhood, 
Captain D. became a christian and a Nonconformist. Through the 
representations of Lord Say and Seal, Lord Compton and others, the 
Earl of Lincoln was soon led to procure his services as Steward ; and, 
by skillful management, he relieved the estate from incumbrances which 
had existed for two generations. This done, he settled for a time at 
Boston, that he might enjoy the ministry of Dr. Cotton. But the Earl 
would do nothing without him, and he was soon induced to return ; and 
he remained until his emigration to this country in 1630, in the capacity 
of Deputy Governor to the Colony of Mass. Bay. His residence, after 
a period spent at Cambridge, the first seat of the Colony, and a short 
stay at Ipswich, was at Roxbury. 

Gov. Dudley married a 2d wife in his old age, and had 9 children. 
He died July 31, 1653. Among his children were probably Anne, a 
Poetess, who married Gov. Bradstreet ; Samuel, a minister, whose first 
wife was Mary, daughter of Gov. Winthrop; Mercy — Mrs. Wood- 
bridge ; Thomas, who was graduated in 1651 ; Hugh, who settled on 
Chickopee Plain in 1654; Joseph, afterwards Governor ; and a Mrs. 
Page ; though respecting Thomas and Hugh, we cannot speak posi- 
tively. 

Of the 12 children of Mr. and Mrs. Woodbridge, three were minis- 
ters, viz. John, who will be again mentioned ; Benjamin, who will come 
into notice near the close of this article ; and Timothy, b. about 1653, 
and settled in Hartford, Nov. 18, 1695. He had 3 wives, it is said, 
Mary, daughter of Gov. Pitkin, Abigail, daughter of William Warren 



1852.] Ancestry of the Jones Family. 277 

and Mrs. Foster, widow of his predecessor. He died Ap. 30, 1732. 
Two of his sisters were the wives of clergymen. 

John W. (grad. in 1664,) married Abigail , and settled first in 

Killingworth, 1666, but afterwards in Wethersfield, 1679, where he died 
previous to the year 1682, since his widow received a pension from that 
date until 1701. 

John Woodbridge, son of John W. of Wethersfield, was born in 
Killingworth, in 1678, graduated in 1694, settled in West Springfield, 
in 1698, and Mar. Nov. 14, 1699, to Jemima Eliot, daughter of" that 
burning and shining light, Rev. Joseph Eliot ,? of Guilford, Ct. Mr. 
Woodbridge died June 10, 1718. Mrs. W. spent some of her last years 
in Stockbridge, but the date of her death is not known. 

And now we must bring down, to this date, the historv of the Eliot 
Familv. 

John Eliot was born in Nasing, Eng., in 1604, and Anne Mountfort, 
to whom he was afterwards married, not far from the same date. In 
England he was assistant to the distinguished Mr. Hooker, was convert- 
ed while in his family, led into the ministry through his influence, and 
when Mr. Hooker was driven even from the vocation of teacher, and 
compelled to take refuge in the wilderness, Mr. Eliot followed him. He 
arrived Nov. 3, 1631, was soon settled in Roxbury, sent for Miss Mount- 
fort, and was mar. in Nov. 1632 ; commenced his missionary labors 
among the Indians on Nonantum Hill, Newton, in 1646, established 
about 20 towns of " praying Indians," translated the Bible into their 
language, &c. &c, and died May 20, 1690, having buried his worthy 

and highly esteemed wife in 1686. Their children were , a daughter, 

of excellent character, who remained with her parents until their decease ; 
John, b. Aug. 31, 1636, an eminent minister in Newton; Joseph, b. 
Dec. 20, 1638 ; Samuel, b. June 22, 1641, eminent for piety and tal- 
ents, but removed by death while fitting for the ministry ; Aaron, b. 
Feb. 19, 1643, who died very young, but giving evidence of piety; 
Benjamin, named for a brother of his father's in this country, b. June 
29, 1646. He was a great help to his father in his missionary labors. 
Of all these sons, only Joseph survived his father, and he died May 24, 
1694. His son, Rev. Jared Eliot, D. D. and M. D. was much distin- 
guished as a minister, as a physician, and as a man of science. He was 
born Nov. 7, 1685, was pastor of the church in Killingworth, and died 
in 1763. For 40 years he never failed of preaching upon the Sabbath. 
This brings us again to the family of Mrs. Woodbridge of West Spring- 
field, the sister of Jared Eliot, consisting of six sons and two daughters. 

Abigail, the eldest, was b. Dec. 22, 1700, and mar. John Mixer of 
W. S. Oct. 30, 1734 ; John was b. Dec. 25, 1702, and died Sep. 10, 
1783, minister of South Hadley ; Jahleel, b. Dec. 11, 1704, d. Ap. 27, 
1705; Joseph, b. Feb. 10, 1707, (will be again mentioned;) Timothy, 
b. Feb. 27, 1709, the first resident member of the Stockbridge Mission, 
the first deacon in the church, teacher of the Indian School, Superin- 
tendent of Indian Affairs, and Judge of both courts for Hampshire Co. 
then the western portion of the State. He married Abigail, daughter of 
Samuel Day of W. Springfield, and d. May 11, 1775; Benjamin, the 
next son, was b. Feb. 14, 1711, and d. Mar. 23, of the same year. A 
2 d Benjamin, b. June 15, 1712, was graduated in 1740, and gave name 
to the town of Woodbridge, near N. Haven, of which he was pastor. 
He d. Dec. 24, 1785 ; Jemima, b. June 30, 1706, mar. Mr. Nicholson 
of N. Jersey, but after his death, came with her family to Stockbridge. 

Joseph, the 3' 1 son of John Woodbridge of W. Springfield, was mar 
36 



278 Ancestry of the Jones Family. [July? 

May 10, 1730, to Mrs. Elizabeth Barnard, widow of Joseph B. to whom 
she had been mar. in Jan. 1722, and who died Dec. 3, 1728. At the 
time of her 2 1 marriage she had 4 children, viz. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 18, 
1723; Mary, b. Sep. 25, 1724; Sarah, b. Sep. 20, 1726, and Joseph, b. 
May 20, 1729. Mrs. B. was the daughter of John and Mary (Day) 
Merrick, of Springfield, and was b. Nov. 1, 1697. Her father, the son 
of Thomas and Elizabeth (Tilley) Merrick, was b. Sep. 9, 1658, and 
mar. Feb. 11, 1687. His wife was the daughter of Thomas and Sarah 
Day, and was b. Dec. 15, 1666. Thomas Merrick is supposed to have 
been the son of Thomas Merrick who emigrated from Wales to Roxbury, 
but removed with Mr. Pyncheon to Springfield in 1636. Elizabeth 
Tilley, his wife, may have been a grand-daughter of either Edward or 
John Tilley, who came over in the May Flower, 1620, but died before 
spring. She married Thomas Merrick, Nov. 21, 1653, (E. Barnard m. 
Rev. Thomas Strong). After her marriage to Mr. Woodbridge, Mrs. 
Barnard had 5 more children. Jemima, the eldest, b. Feb. 28, 1731, 
was married to Jacob Cooper, and died in Stockbridge about 1800 ; Isa- 
bella, the 2\ b. Jan. 16, 1733, mar. Mr. Parsons of Springfield; Mabel, 
b. Feb. 13, 1735, mar. Capt. Josiah Jones of Stockbridge, and will be 
again mentioned. Soon after her birth, the family removed to Wethers- 
field, where Jahleel was born, in 1738. When he was 11 months old, 
his father joined the Mission Family in Stockbridge, where Jahleel, 
after being graduated at Princeton, 1761, married Lucy, the daughter of 
Pres. Edwards, Jan. 7, 1764, and after her death, he married the widow 
of Rev. Mr. Keep, late of Sheffield. He was Judge of Probate, State 
Senator, &c, died Aug. 3, 1796. Stephen, the youngest child of Jo- 
seph and Elizabeth Woodbridge, died in youth ; but neither the date of 
his death, nor that of his parents, has been preserved. 

The marriage of Mabel Woodbridge to Capt. Josiah Jones of Stock- 
bridge has been mentioned. We will now gather the shreds of Capt. 
Jones's Ancestry. 

The first known ancestor, by the name of Jones, was Josiah Jones, 
Capt. and Dea. who emigrated to Watertown, from Berkshire, Eng., in 
1665. Oct. 2, 1667, he was married to Lydia, daughter of Nathaniel 
Treadway, who died Sept. 18, 1743, aged 94. The wife of N. Tread- 
way was SufFeranna, daughter of Edward Howe from England. Dea. 
Howe died in 1644, and had, besides Mrs. Treadway, a daughter, Mrs. 
Anna Stone, of Sudbury. Mr. Treadway died July 20, 1689, and Mrs. 
T. July 22, 1682. Their children were, Jonathan, b. Nov. 11, 1640; 
James ; Josiah, who mar. Sarah Sweetman in 1674 ; Mary, b. Aug. 1, 
1642, who mar. Mr. Hawkins ; a daughter, who mar. Mr. Haywood ; 
Lydia — Mrs. Jones ; Elizabeth, b. Ap. 3, 1646, who mar. Sydrach Hap- 
good in 1664 ; and Deborah, b. Aug. 2, 1657, who mar. Joseph Goddard 
in 1680 ; the first 3 being b. in Sudbury, and the others in Watertown. 

Josiah and Lydia Jones had 9 children, the 2 d of whom, Josiah, b. 

Oct. 20, 1670, mar. Abigail , Nov. 4, 1749, and had 5 children, 

viz. Daniel, Abigail, Josiah, William, and Elisha. Abigail mar. Col. 
Ephraim Williams of Newton, and, with him, joined the Stockbridge 
Mission in June, 1739. She died in Stockbridge, Dec. 4, 1784, at the 
age of 90. Elisha was a man of eminent piety, and was one of the 
proprietors of Adams, in Berkshire Co. Josiah, b. Oct. 24, 1701, mar. 
Anna Brown, of Watertown, Dec. 24, 1724. He came with Col. W, to 
Stockbridge. 

Abraham and Lydia Brown were among the early settlers of Water- 
;own, and brought with them from England two children. In America 



1852. J Ancestry of the Jones Family. 279 

were born, 1st, Lydia, Jan. 22, 1632 ; 2d, Jonathan, Aug. 15, 1635; 
3d, Hannah, Jan. 15, 1638 ; and Abraham, Jan. 6, 1639. Jonathan 
mar. Mary, daughter of William and Susanna Shattuck, Feb. 11, 1669, 
b. Aug. 25, 1645. Their children were 1st, Mary, b. Aug. 6, 1662, 
mar. to John Warren ; 2d, Elizabeth, b, July ]9, 1664 ; 3d, Jonathan, b. 
Aug. 25, 1666; 4th, Patience, b. March 6, 1668; 5th, Abraham, b. 
June 26, 1671 ; 6th, Samuel, b. Oct. 21, 1674 ; 7th, Lydia, b. Mar. 31, 
1677, mar. to Benjamin Willinq-ton ; 8th, Ebenezer, b." Sept. 10, 1679; 
9th, Benjamin, b. Feb. 27, 1703 ; and William, b. Sept. 3, 1684, mar. 
1st, to Hannah Pease of Cambridge, and 2d, to Mrs. Sarah Bond of 
Watertown; ten children. 

Benjamin, the 9th, was a deacon of Watertown church, and mar. 
Anna Garfield, daughter of Capt. Benjamin and Elizabeth (Bridge) Gar- 
field, grand-daughter of Edward and Rebecca G., and great-grand- 
daughter of Edward Garfield, who died in Watertown, June 17, 1672, 
aged 97. Mrs. E. Garfield was the daughter of Mathew and Anna 
(Danforth) Bridge, and grand-daughter of John Bridge of Cambridge, 
and of Nicholas Danforth, a distinguished protector of the Puritans in 
England. He had a manor in Framlington, but put much of his prop- 
erty out of his hands to avoid being knighted. The Framlingham Lec- 
tures were founded by him. Mrs D., also a pious woman, died in 
1629, and in 1634, her husband and children emigrated, and settled in 
Cambridge, where he died in 1638, leaving Elizabeth, b. in 1618, who 
mar. Andrew Belcher, and died June 26, 1680 ; Anna, b. in 1620, who 
mar. Mathew Bridge, had seven children, (names given below,) and died 
Dec. 2, 1704; Thomas, b. in 1622, mar. 1st, Mary Withington, Feb. 

23, 1644, and 2d, Elizabeth , was Dep. Gov. Pres. of Maine, &c, 

and died at Cambridge, Nov. 5, 1699 ; Samuel, b. in 1626, a most ex- 
cellent man, and an associate of the Apostle Eliot at Roxbury ; , mar. 

to a daughter of the eminent Mr. Wilson, minister of Boston, and 
deceased November 19, 1674 ; and Jonathan, b. Feb. 29, 1628, who 
settled in Billerica, and died Sept. 7, 1712. John Bridge, of Cam- 
bridge, mentioned above, emigrated in 1632, a widower, with two sons, 

Mathew, and Thomas, who mar. Dorcas , and died before 1665. 

John, the father, was a deacon in Cambridge, and much engaged in 
public business. He married a second wife, Elizabeth Saunders, of Bil- 
lerica, and his will was proved Oct. 3, 1665. Mathew (and his wife, 
Anna Danforth) had seven children, viz, John, b. June 15, 1645 ; Mar- 
tha, Jan. 19, 1649, d. 1649 ; Mathew, May 5, 1640, d. May 29, 1738, 

having m. Abigail ; Samuel, Feb. 1653; Thomas, June 1,1656; 

Anna and Elizabeth, bap. Aug. 17, 1659. Mr. Bridge died April 28, 
1700. 

Having thus traced the ancestry of Dea. Benjamin Brown, and of 
his wife, Anna Garfield, we will next give the names of their children, 
of whom Anna, the wife of Josiah Jones, missionary to the Stockbridge 
or Muhhekanuw Indians, was the eldest ; b. March 2, 1704. Benja- 
min was b. Feb. 10, 1706; Elizabeth, Jan. 13, 1708; Marv, Jan. 10, 
1710 ; Mehitable, Feb. 9, 1712, &c, to the number of 12. 

Mrs. Jones died, May 15, 1747, aged 43. Mr. Jones m. a 2d wife, 
Mrs. Sarah Whittlesey, of Stockbridge, formerly L. Stoddard, of Litch- 
field, S. Farms, but had not a 2d family. His children were 14 in num- 
ber, it is said ; but only four lived to settle in life. One, a youth, died 
in Stockbridge, but of the other 9, nothing is known beyond what is 
found in the following record. Josiah, b. Oct. 24, 1725, (Capt. Jones, 
the husband of Mabel Woodbridge ;) Micah, b. Oct. 4, 1728; Anna, b. 



280 Ancestry of the Jones Family. [July? 

Feb. 4, 1731; who m. Mr. Warner of Alford, and died, together with 
her husband and 2 children, not far from 1785 ; Keziah, b. April 6, 1733, 
who in. Mr. Kellog of Egremont; Elijah, b. Jan. 3, 1735, and Abigail, 
b. Nov. 17, 1738; ail in that part of Watertown which was, in 1712, 
incorporated as Weston. After their removal to Stockbridge, in June, 
1739, Elijah was born, but not until '41 or '42. He m. Rhoda Stoddard 
of Litchfield, S. Farms, enlisted as a Revolutionory soldier, with the 
office of Orderly Serjeant, and a Commissiary's commission, in 1781, but 
died in Dover, N. Y., April 6, 1782. aged 40. Mr. Jones, the father, 
died Mar. 22, 1769, aged 68. His 2d wife died in 1799, aged 96. 

And now we are brought back to Capt. Josiah Jones, and his family. 
Married, Nov. 9, 1757, to Mabel, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth 
Woodbridge, he had 9 children, all of whom lived to be above 40 years 
of age, viz : Solomon, b. Jan. 26, 1754, who m. 1st. Olive Bristol, about 
17S3, and 2d, Elizabeth Hinsdale, daughter of one of his step-aunts, the 
Miss Barnards. He died in Owego, N. Y., about 1835; 2d, Stephen 
Woodbridge, b. Feb. 4, 1761, who m. Margery Sparks, Oct. 13, 1786, 
and died in Owego ; 3d, Clarissa, b. Jan. 12, 1763, who m. Enos 
Boughton, and died in Victor, N. Y. April 19, 1821 ; 4th, Elizabeth, 
b. May 22, 1765, who m. Joel Bristol, Esq., Oct. 13, 1786, and died in 
Clinton, N. Y., date not known ; 5th, Josiah, b. Sept. 9, 1769, who m. 
Fidelia West, and will be again noticed ; 6th, Horatio, b. Dec. 30, 1769, 
who m. Elizabeth Brown of Stockbridge, Oct. 22, 1800, and died in 
Stockbridge, April 26, 1813, a "beloved physician," and most evidently 
a Christian ; 7th, Anna, b. Aug. 1772, who m. Roswell Lombard, Oct. 4, 
1789, and died in Coxackie, N. Y., Sept. 21, 1S03; 8th, William, b. 
April 1, 1775, who m. Clarissa Brown of Stockbridge, Dec. 18, 1805, 
was a physician, and died in Victor, April 25, 1825 ; and 9th, Mary, b. 
Jan. 31, 1778, who died in Stockbridge, July 19, 1830. Capt. Jones 
died, April 22, 1795 ; and his wife, March 5, 1808. Josiah, the 5th son 
and the 5th of his name in this country, m. Fidelia West, Jan. 6, 1797, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Lucretia (Woodbridge) West, and adopted 
daughter of Rev. Dr. West of Stockbridge. 

Nathaniel W. was descended from Francis West of Salisbury, Eng., 
who was invited to America by a Mr. Thomas of Marshfield, and m. 
Margery Reeves. They settled in Duxbury, and had 5 children, viz : 
Samuel, Thomas, Peter, Mary, and Ruth. Mr. W. died about 1694, 
aged 86. Samuel m. Tryphosa Partridge, and had 7 children, — Francis, 
(to be again mentioned;) Samuel, a poet, b. in 1673, and who lived to 
be over 90 ; Pelatiah, Ebenezer, John, Abigail, and Bathsheba. Francis 
m. Mercy Mina, and was one of the early settlers of Tolland, and the 
first deacon of that church, died, May 12, 1731, aged 62. His children 
were Samuel, m. Nov. 4, 1724, to Sarah Delano, and Nov. 26, 1754, to 
Abigail Lathrop, died Feb. 3, 1779 ; Joseph, m. May 19, 1725, died Jan. 
27, 1764, aged 62 ; Amasa, m. A. Hatch in 1730 ; Zebulon, of whom we 
must again speak ; Christopher, who m. Amy Delano, Oct. 25, 1732, and 
was one of the early settlers of Lee, Mass ; Pelatiah, ditto ; and Mercy. 
Mr. W. removed to T. in 1720, from Stonington. 

ZfeBULON, the 4th child, was b. in 1705 or 6, and was highly distin- 
guished for piety, wisdom, benevolence, and integrity. He was " Justice of 
the Quorum, .ludo-e of Probate, Speaker of the House of Assembly, and 
member of the Governor's Council." He died Dec. 4, 1770, aged 64. 
Oct. 7, 1731, Judge W. in. Mary Delano, of Dartmouth, Mass., who d. 
May 14, 1743. Feb. 22, 1744, he m. Mrs. Sarah Slewman, formerly 
Sarah Avery of Groton. who outlived him. and m. 1st, Capt. Conant 



1852.] Ancestry of the Jones Family. 281 

of Mansfield, and 2d, Capt. White of Bolton. The children of Judge 
West were Mary— Mrs. Grant — b. Dec. 17, 1732 ; Stephen, b. Nov. 2, 
1735 — Rev. Dr. West, pastor of the church in Stockbridge about GO 
years — who m. 1st, Elizabeth, daughter of Col. Ephraim Williams, and 
2d, Eleanor West, of Sheffield, and who died, May 13, 1819, aged 83; 
Ann, b. March 19, 1738 ; Elijah b. April 6, 1741 ; Nathaniel, b. Sept. 
5, 1748; Jeremiah, a physician in Tolland, who m. Amelia Ely, Martha 
Williams, and Mrs. Baker; Desire — Mrs. Shepherd — Thankful, Pru- 
dence, Elijah and Sarah. Dates of all the births are at hand, but not 
consistent, and therefore, not given. Only 3 sons, and 2 daughters lived 
to settle in life. 

Nathaniel m. Lucretia Woodbridge, Nov. 2, 1771. She was de- 
scended from Rev. Benjamin, son of Rev. John Woodbridge and Mercy 
Dudley, before mentioned. He settled at Bristol first, but, 1688, in Kit- 
tery. He died in Medford, Jan. 15, 1710, his wife having died Jan. 24, 
1649. She was Mary, daughter of Rev. John Ward, first minister of 
Haverhill, an esteemed physician and divine, b. Nov. 6, 1606, settled in 
N. E. 1639, and deceased Dec. 27, 1693; and grand-daughter of Rev. 
Nathaniel Ward, first minister of Ipswich, author of ' k The Simple Cob- 
ler of Agawam," b. in Haverhill, Eng., where his father, John W., was 
an esteemed minister, about 1570. He came from Standon to America 
in 1634, but returned in 1645, settled at Shenfleld, and died in 1653, 
aged about 83. 

Among the children of Bent. Woodbridge and Mary Ward his wife 
were Benjamin of Boston, Dudley of Barbadoes, and Rev. Samuel 
Woodbridge, first minister of E. Hartford. He was b. in 1683, grad. in 
1701, ordained in H., March 30, 1705, and d. June 9, 1746, aged 63. 
His first wife, whom he m. Dec. 9, 1707, was Mrs. Mabel Hubbard, 
widow of Rev. John Hubbard of Jamaica, L. I., whom she m. June 12, 
1701, and who d. Oct. 1705, aged 28, — a most amiable man. They had 
2 children, John and Daniel. She w T as the only child of Rev. Daniel 
Russell of Charlestown, and grand-daughter of " the worshipful Mr. 
Richard Russell," who came from Hertfordshire to Charlestown in 1649, 
at the age of 29, was Treasurer of the Colony, and " a great and good 
man." He d. May 14, 1676. The wife of Daniel Russell was Mehita- 
ble, daughter of Hon. Samuel Wyllys, in front of whose dwelling the 
Charter was concealed, and grand-daughter of George Wyllys, Gov. of 
Ct. in 1642, who left, for the Gospel, a fine estate, and came to America 
in 1638, and d. in March 1644. Samuel Wyllys d. May 30, 1709. He 
left a son, Hezekiah, Secretary, who d. in 1734. The mother of Mrs. 
M. Russell was Ruth, daughter of John Haynes, a native of Essex, who 
came over with Mr. Hooker in 1633, and having aided in founding the 
Colony, was chosen Governor of Ct. every alternate year, which was all 
that the Constitution would allow, from 1639 until his death in 1654. 
His son, Joseph, was the successor of Mr. Hooker and Mr. Stone in the 
first church in Hartford. After the death of Daniel Russell, his wife m. 
Rev. Isaac Foster of the first church, Hartford, arid had one daughter, 
Anna, who rn. Rev. Thomas Buckingham, pastor of the 2d ch. Mr. F. 
d. in Jan. 1683, and it is said that his widow m. Rev. T. Wood- 
bridge, his successor. Mrs. Mabel, (Russell,) (Hubbard,) Wood- 
bridge died about 1722, and Samuel W., her husband, m. Mrs. 
Content Bull, widow of Benj. Bull, Esq., of Newport, formerly Con- 
tent James, and had one more child. She d. July 28, 1758, aged 
66. " She was an ornament to religion." The children of Rev. Samuel 
Woodbridrrn were, Ward, b. 1708, d. Nov, 21. 1728; Samuel, b. 1711. 



282 Ancestry of the Jones Family. [July? 

d. June 16, 1719 ; Elizabeth, b. 1714, d. Nov. 13, 1754, (Mrs. Little ;) 
Deodatus, b„ 1716, who removed to Lewiston, Pa. ; Mabel, b. 1718, m. 
to Dr. Nathaniel Little of Lebanon ; Russell, b. May 8, 1719 ; and 
Samuel, b. in 1732. Russell m. Anna, daughter of Dea. Joseph 01 in- 
stead of E. Hartford, Jan. 14, 1741, and d. Nov. 5, 1782, aged 63 ; a 
remarkably cheerful christian. His wife, born Nov. 30, 1780, d. Feb. 
21, 1808. Their children were Ward, b. Oct. 30, 1742, who m. Sarah 
Olcott, and d. in 1806 ; Anna, b. July 6, 1744, who m. Thomas Brown 
of Coventry ; Elizabeth, b. Jan. 10, 1747, who m. John Pitkin of E. 
Hartford ; Russell, b. March 8, 1749, (a hermit,) d. at the age of 80 ; 
Mabel, (Mrs. Stephen Heirs,) b. Feb. 18, 1751, d. in Windsor ; Lucretia, 
(Mrs. West,) b. Feb. 13, 1753 ; Mary, b. Aug. 24, 1755, (Mrs. Jonathan 
Benjamin of E. H.;) Deodatus, b. Sept. 6, 1757, m. to Esther Welles of 
E. H., and 2d, to Anna, widow of Capt. Moore of East Windsor ; Ashbel, 
b. Sept. 22, 1759, who d. Oct. 16, of the same year. 

The children of Nathaniel and Lucretia West were all born in Tol- 
land. Nancy, the eldest, b. Sept. 30, 1772, m. Mr. Chase of Chester, 
Me.; a daughter, b. Feb. 8, 1774, d. Feb. 11 ; Fidelia, b. Feb. 12, 1775, 
m. Dea. Josiah Jones of Stockbridge, as has beeu mentioned ; Ashbel, 
b. Sept 14, 1777, m. Delight Ruddl a son, b. Oct. 24, d. Oct. 29, 1779; 
Desire, b. Nov. 29, 1780, m. Jabez Dudley ; a daughter was b. and d. 
Oct. 3, 1782 ; a son, b. Dec. 3, d. Dec. 6, 1783 ; a daughter, b. Jan. 15, 
d. Jan. 20, 1785; a daughter b. March 16, d. April 8, 1786 ; Russell, 
b. Nov. 3, d. Nov. 15, 1788; a daughter, b. May 3, d. June 3, 1791 ; 
Anna Woodbridge, b. May 10, 1793, m. Horace Case of Manchester, Ct.; 
and a daughter, b. April 30, d. May 5, 1795. Mr. West died in Stock- 
bridge, Feb. 12, 1815, and his wife died in Manchester, Sept. 1816. 

Dea. Josiah Jones, and his wife, Fidelia West, settled on the farm in 
Stockbridge, given by the government to his grandfather, as a missionary, 
where he died, Feb. 10, 1834, and where his widow still resides. Their 
children are, Elizabeth Williams, b. Oct. 28, 1797, m. Sept. 4, 1820, to 
Dea. David Curtis of Stockbridge ; Stephen West, b. July 29, 1799, 
m. March 3, 1824, to Dulesa Crosbv, of S.; Anna, b. Dec. 5, 1801, m. 
Sept. 2, 1822, to Dea. Wm. Whitney of S.; Emily, b. Dec. 17, 1803, 
m. Oct. 24, 1827, to Lewis Nash of S., (she d. Nov; 28, 1828,) Electa 
Fidelia, b. Feb. 22, 1806 ; Cornelia, b. July 6, 1808 ; m. Sept. 22, 1830, 
to Wolcott M. Spencer of Springfield, Ohio ; Julia, b. March 30, 1811, 
m. Oct. 13, 1842, to Samuel B. Brown of Dayton, Ohio ; Sophronia, b. 
Oct. 7, 18] 3, m. to George Coles of Springfield, Ohio, May 9, 1836; 
and Frederic, b. July 25, 1816, m. Feb. 1, 1843, to Ruth Maria Rosseter 
of Stockbridge. 

Note. — On page 280 it is stated, that Hugh Dudley, of Chickopee Plain, 1654, 
Thomas D., who grad. in 1651, and a Mrs. Page, were probably children of Gov. 
Thomas Dudley. It is known that the two former were not such, and the latter name 
is probably an error for Pacye. The children of Gov. Dudley were by his wife Doro- 
thy : — 1. Rev. Samuel, father of Thomas, H. C, 1651; 2. Anne, m. Gov. Simon 
Bradstreet; 3. Patience, m. Maj. Gen. Daniel Dennison; 4. Mercy, m. Rev. John 

Woodbridge; 5. Sarah, m. 1st, Benjamin Keayne, 2d, Pacy. By his last wife 

Katherinehe had, 6. Deborah, m. Wade; 7. Gov. Joseph; 8. Paul. j. d. 



Epitaph on a Grave Stone in Newport, Essex, England. 

Here under this Marble Stone, 
Lieth the Body of Master Jon 
Hey?ies, BLL. Vicar of this Church, 
Who died MCCCC. 



1852.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 283 



ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS ON RECORD IN 
THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK. 

[Prepared bv W. B. TrasK. — Continued from page 158.] 

Ann Hibbins, of Boston. 

I, Ann Hibbins, widdow,^ being in health of Body and in p feet 
memory for causes me hereunto moveing, doe make this my Last will. 

I giue vnto my three sonnes as followeth : vnto my Eldest sonne, Jno 
Moore, A double portion of my whole Estate, in pt, two Chests and one 
deske, with all the things therein Contained, as they now are. Vnto my 
other two sonnes, Joseph and Jonathan, Each of them an equall portion. 
Now, because none of all my three sonnes, aforesaid, are here to take 
the Administratio of y e p r mises, I haue made Choyce of Capt. Thomas 
Clarke, Leivt. Edward Hutchinson, Livt. William Hudson, Ensigne 
Joshua Scottowe and Cornet Peeter Olliver to be overseers and Admrs 
of this my Last will, giving them full power to make sale of Land or 
houses, for the best advantage of my Sonnes aforesaid or otherwise to 
see y' n improved for their profitt vntill such time as my Eldest Sonne 
shall come over, whom, when he shall come, I make whole Executo 1 " to 
my will. 

In Case my Sonne John Come over but be dead, his portion to be to 
his heires, and my youngest Sonne Jonathan to be sole Executor, in 
wittnes whereof I y c said Anne Hibbins, haue here vnto sett my hand 
and seale, dated in Boston, in the yeare of our lord One thousand sixe 
hundred fifty-sixe, vppon y e twenty-Seventh day of May, in the p r nts of 
vs. Ann Hibbins, & a seale. 

William Salter, James Johnson. 

[Codicil.] 

I doe earnestly desire my Loueing freinds, Capt. Johnson & m r Ed- 
ward Rawson to be added to y e rest of y e Gentle" mentioned as over- 
seers of my will, to whom I comitt viz 1 to Cap 1 Johnson, Care & trust 
my two Chests & deske with all things y r in, to be kept Intirely whole 
& in kind, till my said Sonne Jn° or his order Athenticated by a Publicke 
Notary shall come, & demand y e same, & to the said m r Rawson I haue 
deliu r ed the keyes of the said Chests & deske with all my pap r s that 

*She was the widow of William Hibbins, a merchant of Boston. He was made 
freeman in 1640; representative, 1640, 1641; elected assistant 1643 to 1654; was an 
agent for the colony in England; d. July 23, 1654. — See Farmer. 

Mrs. Hibbins, in the year 1655, was tried and condemned for the supposed crime of 
icitchcraft, and in June, 1656, was executed. " This was the second instance upon 
record," says Hutchinson, " of any person's being executed for witchcraft in New Eng- 
land." (Hutch, i. 174.) Margaret or Alice Jones, executed June 15, 1648, was the 
first. (Reg. i. 73.) 

Mr. Beach, a minister in Jamaica, in a letter to Dr. Increase Mather in the year 
1684, says, " You may remember what I have sometimes told you your famous Mr. 
Norton once said at his own table, before Mr. Wilson, the pastor, elder Penn and my- 
self and wife, &c. who had the honor to be his guests : That one of your magistrates 
wives, as I remember, was hanged for a witch only for having more wit than her 
neighbours. It was his very expression; she having, as he explained it, unhappily 
guessed that two of her persecutors whom she saw talking in the street, were talking of 
her, which proving true, cost her her life, notwithstanding all he could do to the contra- 
ry, as he himself told us." — Hutchinson, i. 173. 

J. B. Moore in his " Lives of the Governors of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay," 
p. 344. states, that this game Mrs. Hibbins was a sister of Governor Richard Bellingham. 



284 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [July? 

concerne me, whom I haue desired not only to keep y m but send such 
copies of them, to my Sonne as he shall see meete, & y* he will giue 
my Sonne or Sonnes his best Councill & advice in improoving what I 
haue left y m . My desire is y l all my overseers would be pleased to 
shew so much respect vnto my dead Corps, as to cause it to be decently 
Interd, & if it may be, nere my Late husband; & y* if my sone Jno 
shall neither come himselfe fully impowered with Authority to receive 
what in this my will is bequeathed to him and his brothers yet if any 
other of my Sonnes shall come with sufficient Authority from their 
broth", my will is my estate left shall be deliu r ed to such Sonne or 
Sonnes, or to any other Impowred by them. If any part of my Estate left 
in y r hands, [the overseers] by fyre or other Causalties not foreseene 
should Suffer losse, my children should beare it. After one yeare, in 
case my sonnes come not, then any three of my overseers are hereby Im- 
powred with m r Rawsons consent to sell my ffarmesat Muddy River, &c. 
& Improue y e same for the best advantage of my Children in y e coun- 
try. I giue to my Couseine, Cap 1 marke Cooe, y e sume of forty shil- 
lings as a Legacy to be payd him out of what is due to me from m r 
Tilly in London, whose care I earnestly desire to procure y e whole debt 
for y e good of my Sonnes, & y* he will further y m with his best councill 
to procure them y e benefitt of y e houses & Lands I bought of his broth- 
er. I giue to Georg Dod y e tenn pounds he owes me. In testimony to 
which, I haue subscribed my name this 16th day of June, 1656. 

I giue my Sonne Jonathan twenty pounds over & above what I haue 
allready given him towards his paines & Charge in coming to see me, 
w ch shalbe first payd out of my Estate. Ann Hibbins. 

Signed my further mind & will is out of my sence of 

James Johnson, y e more y' 1 ordinary affection & pajnes of my 

William Salter. sonne Jonathan, in y e times of my distresse, I 

giue him as a further legacy tenn pounds. 
Subscribed 19 th June, 1656. 

p r sent dep 1 Gov 1 ' Knn Hibbins. 

Major Atherton Will Proved 2 July, 1656. Capt. James Johnson 

& Recorder. & W m Salter deposed. Edward Rawson, Record 1 ". 

At a County Court held at Boston, 30 th July, 1656. 

It is ordered y* y e Overseers of this will, at Request of Jonathan 
Moore, one of y e sonnes of mrs Hibbins lately deceased in y e absence 
of y e Eldest sonne are jmpowred to act as y e said Jno Moore might doe, 
& pay vnto y e sd Jonathan his portion. 

Entred & Recorded 20th August, 1656. Edic Rawson, Record 1 '. 

Inventory of the Estate of Mrs. Ann Hibbins, taken 30 Aprill, 1657, 
by Amos Richeson, John Lake. Amt. £344 14. Capt. James John- 
son deposed. 

Capt James Toung. 

I giue vnto my welbeloved wife Elizabeth Toung, all my personall 
Estate, all bills, bonds, legacies, Cloathes & what else I haue in any 
place or places whatsoeuer. This being done in my full memory. 

I desire my loving friend James Lasells to deliuer this my last will 
vnto my Loving wife Elizabeth Toung, & such goods & Cloathes as is 
now in y e said James Lassells vessel] now riding at Jamica. 

James Toiing. 

testis Thomas Brunei, William Hippen, Jno. Langham, Jno. Mudd, 
1655. 17 July, 1656. Power of Administration granted to Eliza- 
beth Toung. 

Jno. Langham deposed. 



1852. J Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 289 

Sarah Cotton. 

Whereas the Reverend m r John Cotton, deceased, did by his last 
will,* bearing date 30 th 9 mo. 1652, leaue vnto his wife m rs Sarah 
Cotton, his whole Estate, for such ends & purposes, as in y e said will is 
at large expressed. The Providence of God Calling the said m rs Sarah 
Cotton to change her condition [by] Intermarriage w th the Reverend m 1 ' 
Richard Mather of Dorchester for divers good Reasons her therevnto 
mooving, she hath resigned into the hands of her trusty & wellbeloved 
friends Elder William Colbron & Elder James Penn dureingy 3 noneage 
of her Children, John & Marja, all her power of y l Estate Left vnto 
her, by her Late husband to mannage & Improve y e same for the benefitt 
of her selfe & y e said m r Richard Mather, for y e Education of her fore- 
mentioned Children, with y" paym t of such debts & legacjes as were 
made, or giuen by y e late m r Cotton, excepting only fifty pounds worth 
of such of the goods, pte of y e said m r Jn" Cotton's Estate, w ch she 
shall choose & carry with her to the said m r Rich 1 Mather. 

In Consideration whereof y e aboue mentioned Elder W m Colbron & 
Eld r James Penn doth hereby engage according to theire best abillityes to 
p forme &; shall eu r y year, during the life of y e said m ra Sarah Cotton, 
pay vnto m r Rich d Mather, y s Sume of twenty pounds out of y e yearely 
Rents of y e houses, farmes & lands of m r Jn° Cotton deceased, over & 
aboue what is her owne estate in England, & after y* John & Marjah 
shall attain to full Age & theire portions payd them, they shall deliver 
up the Estate jnto the hands of m Ta Sarah Cotton, to Remaine at her 
owne dispose. In case m r Richard Mather depart this life before m" 
Sarah Cotton, then Mr Mather shall leaue vnto her, out of her owne 
Estate, at least one hundred pounds : i. e. fifty pounds in speciall good 
pay over & aboue y c value of y* fifty pounds w ch he rec ! at his Marriage 
with y e sajd m" Sarah Cotton. In wittnes whereof y e partyes in this 
writing have sett to their hands & seales this twenty-eight of July, 1656. 

In presence of vs Sarah Cotton & a seale. 

John Wilson, senio r Wm. Colbron & a seale. 

Edward Rawson. James Penn & a seale. 

Richard Mather & a seale. 

Approved 31 July, 1656. Edw. Rawson, Record r . 

Thomas Weyborne, of Boston. 

I, Thorn Wyborne,t vpon my Bed of weaknes, though through favo r 
enioying my witt, senses, & memory, doe apoynt my two Eldest sons, 
viz. Thomas & James Weyborne to bee my executo rs ; then, I doe will 
y t all my debts shall be iustly paid. I doe freely giue vnto my Wife 
Elizabeth Weyborne, the one halfe of y e Windmill in Boston, as also y t 
my sd executors shall pay vnto my said wife forty Shillings by y c yeare 
vntill Shee marry. I giue vnto sun Jno Weyborne, forty Pounds, to bee 
paid at y e age of twenty and one years ; vnto my daughter Elizabeth 
Merrit, Twenty pound ; vnto my daughters Child Deborah Merrit, flue 
pound ; vnt my daughter mary Weyborne, twenty pounds to bee paid at 
y e age of sixteene yeares, & also yt Shee liue not at y e finding of my 
executors, then I giue her fourty Shilings a yeare vntill y e Age of six- 
teene ; to my wife Elizabeth y e vse of one fether bed & furniture for it, 
& all other Household necesarys while Shee rcmaines A Widdow. 
Louing ffreinds m r Edward Ting 6c Jno Hull of Boston, to bee y e ouer 
seers of this, my will ; that this is my testament I heer acknowledge 

*See abstract of the Will, in Vol. V. of this work, p. 240, 241. 
t Thomas Wyborne, Boston, 1653, d. 2 Oct. 1656; Farmer says, he had a son NfU 
thaniel, h. in 1654. W;i" ho not tho son of Thomas, Jun r ? 

37 



290 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [July, 

by subscribing my hand this Twelveth of Septb r , 1656 — (moreouer, I 
will that my best fether bed and great Bible Shall peculierly bee for my 
eldest son. Thomas Weyborne. 

attestants, Edmo?id Eddenden, Jno. Marion, John Hull. 

Will Proved, 28 Oct', 1656. John Hull and 
Edmond Eddenden deposed. 
Inventory taken by Edmond Eddenden, Nathaniell Bishope, 14, 8, 
1656. Amt. £386. Is. " desperate debts " included. Thomas Wieborne 
and James Wieborne deposed, 28 Oct., 1656. 

Samuel Willbore. 

30th April, 1666. I, Samuell Willbore of tanton, in plimouth patten, 
doe make this my last will.^ Ynto my Louing wife Elizabeth, all y e 
moueable goods y l is or shalbee in my house in Boston, where atupesent 
I doe inhabit at y e time of my decease, and allso my sheep and Lambs 
at dorchest 1 ' there kept to halues, Also A Mare & Coult At Jno. Moores 
of Brantry — vnto Samuell Wilbore, my eldest Sonne, all my Lands at 
Eoad Island, and all my debts dew to mee theire, first from Richard 
Smith y e eld r & also A debt from Henry Bull, w ch is foure pounds, and 
an ewe of 2 yeares owld, also one Cow in y e hands of James Badcock, 
also one Cow y t is at Bridg Water, togeth 1 * w th y 8 rent for y e sd Cattell, 
according to agreement ; also Six hundr 3 of Iron leying at Tanton in 
my dweling house their. I giue vnto sonne Joseph Wilbore, my house 
and Land where hee, my sd Sonne, doth inhabit, also twelue Acres of 
ground graunted by y e towne of tanton, being by y e Iron Mills, also my 
share in y e sd Iron workes. Vnto my yongest Sonne, Shedrick Wil- 
bore, my house and Lands there vnto belonging at Tanton, wherein I 
dwell with all y e moueable goods w th in and w th out dores, and Cattell, 
excepting halfe y e orchyard and halfe y e sd dweling house & two of y e 
best Cowes & hay to bee taken of y e meadow ground convenient for y e 
wintering w ch I giue vnto my Wife, prouided shee Continew theire, but 
In Case my wife shuld marry Another man & inhabit else where, y* my 
said Sonne shall haue y e Sd [land,] alowing my wife or her Assignes, y e 
summ of Ten pounds, to bee pd in such goods As y e Cuntry doth aford. 

I giue vnto Sonne Shedrick y e dbt of James Lenard, Ralph Russell, 
& Henry Newland. Wife Elizabeth and Sonne Shidrak, executors. 

I giue my white Horse vnto Shedrick, & what other Cattell or goods 
I haue not disposed of, I will y* my executors haue, beetwixt them 
equally to be divided. I giue vnto Robert Blot, of boston, twenty 
shillings. I giue vnto goodman frlack, twenty Shills — vnto my sonn 
Shedrick, the time of service of my man Jno. Mockcliet, A Scotchman. 
I giue Joseph A peece of blue trucking Cloth of 8 or 10 yds, w ch sd 
Cloth is included amongst y e goods in y e house at Boston Where at 
p sent I doe inhabitt. I will y l my executors pay my sonn Joseph within 
two yeares aft r my desease, ye somme of tenn pounds in Iron, viz : one 
fiue pounds at Six moneths end, and y e other flue pounds at ye two 
years end. I haue herevnto sett my hand seale y e day and yeare aboue- 
said. Samuell Wilbore, Seale. 

Attests p Robert Howard, Notorius Publis. 
p r sent Govrn r , dept Gov 1 ' & Record 1 ". 

Proved, 6 th of Nov. 1656, on deposition of M 1 ' Willm 
Colbron, and M r Robr 1 . Howard. 

* A brief abstract of this Will was given in the Reg. Vol. V. p. 385, copied from the 
Probate Office, Plymouth. 

Mr. W. was made freeman. March 4. 1633-4, died 29 Fept. 1656. 



1852.] The Wentworth Family. 291 

THE WENTWORTH FAMILY.* 

Wentworth, Benning 6 , born 2d October, 1763, in Kittery, Me., 
m. at Cape Elizabeth, Me.. Phebe, dau. of Capt. Benjamin Saw- 
yer, born at that place 1771, and still alive. He died near Chili- 
cothe, O., 3d March, 1852, where he had lived for several years 
past, aged 89 years. 

He was descended from Elder William's son Samuel 2 . On a 
single granite slab in the Point of Graves burying ground in Ports- 
mouth, are the following inscriptions : 

" Samuel Wentworth, Sen r , died March y e 25th, 1690, in y e 
Fiftieth year of his age." He died of small pox. 

" Wentworth died January (looks like 5th) , in the 

22d year of his age." The first name seems to have had five 
letters only, and the last two to have been EL. It may have been 
Parnel, but it comes nearer Pawel, written for Paul. At the end 
of this (but whether designed for the end of it or for the beginning 
of the next name, I cannot say) is written 

• : Same year y e above," 

Hannah Wentworth, wife to Samuel Wentworth, Jr., died Feb. 
21st, in the 24th yr of her age."' It is probable that all three of 
these deaths occurred in 1690, as Samuel, Jr., was married again 
at Boston, Nov. 12. 1691, to Miss Elizabeth Hopson. And per- 
haps ail died of small pox. In the Boston record of deeds, some- 
time between 1697 and 1703, his wife's name is changed from 
Elizabeth to Abigail, widow of Capt. Christopher Goffe, (Mariner) 

whose children were Daniel Goffe, m. Elizabeth , and Rachel 

m. William Patridge. His first wife is supposed to have been 
Hannah, dau. of Andrew Wiggin of N. Hampshire. Samuel 3 , Jr., 
is believed to have d. in Boston, a merchant there, ae. about 70 yrs. 

The widow of Samuel 2 , who was Mary , died January 

20th, 1724-5, aged 77 yrs. Rev. Mr. Fitch preached the funeral 
sermon, which was printed and is now in the hands of Ebenezer 
Wentworth, 6 Esq., of Portsmouth, N. H., and it was dedicated to 
her son Gov. John 3 . She was then Mrs. Martyn, but who her 
husband was is not known, but there was a Richard Martyn of 
Portsmouth, appointed one of the overseers of Samuel's 2 will. 

The children of Samuel and Mary were, 

1. Samuel, born April 9, 1666. and m. and d. as above. 

2. Parnel, (as named by Dr. Farmer) born Oct. 21, 1669, and 

he is probably the one "died Jan'y, , in the 22d year of his 

age." As he is not mentioned in his father's will, he undoubtedly 
died the Jan'y previous to his father, and this would make him, in 
1690, in his 22d year. 

3. John 3 , b. June 16, 1672, m. Sarah Hunking, had 16 children; 
Lt. Gov. of Province ; died at Portsmouth, Dec. 12, 1730, in his 
59th year. She died April 1st, 1741, in her 68th year. 

4. Mary 3 , b. Feb'y 5, 1674, m. 1st, Samuel Rymes, and 2d, Dr. 
Clifton. She died at Portsmouth, aged about 70. 

5. Ebenezer 3 , b. April 9, 1677, m. Rebecca, dau. of David 
Jeffries, who married, 15th Sept. 1686, Elizabeth, only child and 
dau. of Gov. John Usher by his first wife, Elizabeth, dau. of 

*See Reg. Vol. IV. p. 108, 321; Vol. V. p. 103, 269, 414 6 , 414". Present Vol. p. 213-14. 



292 The Wentworth Family. [July, 

Peter Sidgett. [The second wife of Gov. Usher was Elizabeth, 
dau. of Gov. Allen, and they had John Usher of Bristol, Hezekiah 
Usher of Charleston. Elizabeth m. Stephen Harris of Boston, 
and Frances m. Joseph Parsons, Jr., of Bradford, Mass.] Mrs. 
Elizabeth Jeffries died 27th June, 1698, leaving eight children. 
Ebenezer 3 , died in Portsmouth, aged about 70. He left three 
children, Samuel 4 , who married Rebecca, dau. of James and Re- 
becca Oliver, of Boston, and finally moved to Merrimack, N. H., 

and died childless, where his wife m. Simpson ; David 4 , died 

single ; Ebenezer 4 , m. Mary , and had no children that can 

be traced out. 

6. Dorothy 3 , b. June 27, 1680, m. Henry Sherburne, and died 
Jan. 3, 1754, aged 74. He died Dec. 29, 1757, aged 83. 

7. Benning 3 , b. June 28, 1682, and died in infancy. 

Among the children of Gov. John 4 Wentworth, was Capt. Wil- 
liam 5 , born 10th Dec. 1705, who lived at Spruce Creek. Kittery, 
Me., and died there, Dec. 15, 1767. He m. 2d Oct. 1729, Marga- 
ry, b. 25th March, 1712, dau. of Capt. Andrew and Jane Pepper- 
rell, and gr. dau. of Col. William and Margary Pepperrell, by 
whom he had eight children, many of whose descendants still 
live in and around Kittery. He had a second wife, but no child- 
ren by her, to live. She was a widow Winthrop, originally Mary 
Hall, from Bermuda, and sister to Hugh Hall, of Boston. After 
her husband's death, she lived with her sister Sarah, who married 
her husband's brother, Major John 4 Wentworth, of Portsmouth. 

Among the children of this Capt. William 4 , by first wife, was 
John 5 , b. at Kittery, Me., Feb. 23, 1736, and d. June 9, 1781, at Cape 
Elizabeth, Me. He m. 1st, in 1758, Hannah Furnald, and had 
two children, and then 2d, 17th September, 1762, Sarah, dau. of 
Nathan Bartlett, born at Kittery, Dec. 7, 1740, who, afterwards, 
married Capt. Clement, and then Capt. Bildad Arnold, of New 
Gloucester, by whom she had a daughter, and then, Dec. 4, 1806, 
Capt. Nathaniel Evelith, of New Gloucester, who died Aug. 6, 
1817. She died Sept. 12, 1837, in her 97th year. By this last 
wife he had seven children, the oldest of whom was the deceased, 
named by Gov. Benning 4 Wentworth, John 5 , received a Lieuten- 
ant's commission in the French war under his uncle, Sir William 
Pepperrell, in Capt. Osgood's company, for the invasion of Canada, 
and Capt. O. dying, John 5 succeeded him to the end of the cam- 
paign, under Brigadier Gen. Preble. In 1776, John 5 received a 
Captain's commission, and his son Benning 6 enlisted under him, 
and they were under Col. Williard, at Ticonderoga, the year 
before Burgoyne was taken, and they were sent to Cambridge as 
a part of the guard to Burgoyne's troops. They were under Col. 
Gerrish, at Cambridge, and they were also under Col. Noyes at 
Spring Point, Casco Bay. The deceased drew a pension of $81 
to his death. Capt. John 5 , was the only one of the sons of Capt. 
William 4 , who had children. He left Maine, in 1820, and had 
eight children, whose descendants are very numerous. Benning 6 
now has a brother Foster 6 living in Webster, Me., born July 24, 
1765, who is also a pensioner. 

This sketch is made, more particularly, to correct some errors in 
previous communications touching this branch. j. w. 



1852.] Genealogical Memoir of the Doolittle Family. 293 

A GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR OF THE DOOLITTLE 

FAMILY. 

[The name Doolittle is not one of very common occurrence in 
England, judging from such examinations as may be considered 
criterions in similar cases. That it is an English name there is no 
question, and that there were prominent Puritan divines (certainly 
one) flourishing at the time of the great emigration to New Eng- 
land, is matter of history. 

One of the most remarkable men of his sect, was the Rev. Thomas 
Doolittle, who was a native of Kidderminster, in Worcestershire, 
where he was born in 1630, and for whom the famous Richard 
Baxter, had great regard and affection. After completing his col- 
legiate course at Pembroke Hall, in Cambridge, he became minister 
of Alphage, in London, and kept a private academy in Cripplegate. 
He trained up several ministers of note also. After the restoration, 
he became one of the ejected ministers by the Act of Uniformity. 
Ten years after, Charles II. licensed him to preach, which license 
was long to be seen (perhaps to this day) in the vestry in Monk- 
well street, where he used to preach. His curious kindred may be 
glad to learn this fact. Mr. Doolittle died in London, 24 May, 1707, 
ae. 77, and was the last of the ejected ministers in London. He 
is also noted for having built the first Meeting-house, in London, 
after the restoration, which says a cotemporary, his " zeal carried 
him" to do. He was the author of twenty treatises, chiefly of a 
theological character. Accompanying his treatise on the Lord's 
Supper, 12mo., 1680, is a beautiful portrait of himself: for which 
the public are indebted to the famous John Dunton. See " A Com- 
pleal History of Europe,'' fyc, for the year 1707, p. 466-8 ; Dun- 
torts Life and Errors ; The Non- Comfonnisfs Memorial (Palmer's 
Calamy) ed., 2 vols. ; 80-2 ; Granger's Biog., Hist., Eng., v. 67-8, 
ed., 1824.] 

The Doolittle Family. 

Abraham Doolittle, supposed to be the progenitor of all by the 
name of Doolittle in this country, came from England and settled 
in New Haven, Conn., about the year 1640 or 1642. In 1644 he 
took the oath of fidelity in the Colony, and acted as Executive 
County officer in New Haven. He was one of the three appointed 
by the New Haven Committee, to superintend the affairs of the 
New Settlement. This '"New Settlement" was afterwards incor- 
porated as a town, by the name of Wallingford. He was one of 
the village Vigilance Committee in the time of King Philip's war; 
at which time his house was protected by a picket fort, against an 
attack by the Indians. He died 11 Aug., 1690, aged 70. 

ABRAHAM 1 DOOLITTLE had, by his first wife, issue :— 

(2.) I. Abraham 2 , (12.) b., 12 Feb., 1649, d. 10 Nov. 1732, ae. 83; 
m., 1st Mercy Holt, 9 Nov. 1680, dau., of William Holt, of 
New Haven ; m., 2d., Ruth Lathrop, sister of John and 
Joseph L. ; she d. s. p. ; m., 3d., Elizabeth Thorp, dau., of 
Samuel T. 



294 Genealogical Memoir of the Doolittle Family. [July, 

(3.) II. John 2 , (19) b. 14 June, 1655 ; m. 1st Mary Peck, 13 Feb. 

1682: m. 2d., Grace Blakesley. 
(4.) III. Elizabeth 2 . (5.) IV. Mary 2 . 

By Elizabeth Mosse, his 2d. wife, Abraham 1 had issue : — 
(6.) V. Samuel 2 , b., 7 July, 1665. 

(7.) VI. Joseph 2 , b. abt. 1667, having d. May 1733. ae. 66. 
(8.) VII. Ebenezer 2 , b. abt. 1672, having d. Dec. 1711, ae. 39; 

m., Sarah Hall, dan. of Samuel H. 
(9.) VIII. Daniel 2 , b. abt. 1675, having d. in 1755, (at Walling- 
ford,) ae. 80. He m. Hannah Cornwall, and resided in Mid- 
dletown. He left a son David 3 , whose only daughter Eliza- 
beth 4 , m. David Brooks, a graduate of Y. C. in 1768. [See 
Keg. vol. V.. p. 356.] 
(10.) IX. Theophilus 2 , m. Thankfull Hall, dau. of David H. 
(11.) X. Daughter. (12.) XI. Daughter. 
ABRAHAM 2 , (2 3 ) by 1st wife, Mercy Holt, had issue:— 
(13.) I. John 3 , b. 13 Aug. 1681. d. Nov. 1746, ae. 65; m. 1st 
Mary Frederick, 28 Feb. 1705, dau. of William F. of New 
Haven : m. 2d., Mary Lewis. 
(14.) II. Abraham 3 , b. 27 Mar. 16S4. 
(15.) III. Sarah 3 , b. Feb., 1686. 
(16.) IV. Susannah 3 , b. 15 April, 16S8. 

By Elizabeth Thorp, his third wife, Abraham 2 , had issue : — 
(17.) V. Samuel 3 , prob. b. 1698. (18.) VI. Joseph 3 . 
(19.) VII. Thomas 3 , prob., b. 1705. 

JOHN 2 , (3,) had issue the two following ch., and perhaps others : — 
(20.) I.' Rev. Benjamin 3 , b. 10 July, 1695. d. at Northfield, sud- 
denly, 9 Jan., 1748: m. Lydia Todd, 14 Oct., 1717. He 
grad. at Y. C, in 1716, and was ord. at Northfield, Mass., in 
1718, being the first settled minister at that place. 
[Rev. Benjamin Doolittle 3 , (20). On the death of this gentle- 
man, the following notice of him appeared in the Boston Gazette, 
or Weekly Journal, 24 January, 1749. — " We are informed, that 
on the 9th instant, the Rev. Mr. Doolittle, pastor of the church in 
Northfield, was suddenly seized with a pain in his breast, as he was 
mending a fence in his yard, and died in a few minutes time, to 
the inexpressible grief of the town in general, as well as his own 
family in particular.'' — Two days after his death, namely, Janua- 
ry the 11th, the Rev. Jonathan Ashley, of Deerfield, preached a 
funeral sermon ; but as was too often the case, on such occasions 
then, as well as ever since, that sermon contains nothing about the 
deceased, except the single fact of his death, though an octavo 
pamphlet of sixteen pages. 

Mr. Doolittle was an author, but whether of more than two 
works, the writer of this is not advised. The first has this title : 
— " An Enquiry into Enthusiasm. Being an Account of what it 
is, the Original Progress and Effect of it." The other — " A Short 
Narrative of Mischief done by the French and Indian Enemy, on 
the Western Frontiers of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay. 
From 1743-4 to 1748. Boston, 8vo. 1750. This is a tract of much 
importance in the history of Massachusetts ; especially as it details 
some events not elsewhere to be found; a period, about which 
much less is known of our history than is known of the correspond- 



1852.] Genealogical Memoir of the Doolittle Family. 295 

ing period a hundred years earlier. It is a work of great rarity, 
but a single copy having ever come under the knowledge of the 
writer, who has spent many years in collecting rare tracts on the 
history of New England.] 

(21.) II. Samuel 3 , removed from Wallingford to North field, and 
died there in 1736, leaving two sons, JEprhaim 4 , and Moses 4 ". 

John 3 , Doolittle, (13) by his two wives, Mary Frederick and 
Mary Lewis, had ten children ; four sons and six daughters. His 
sons were John 4 , Frederick 4 , Obed 4 , and Nathan 4 ; his daughters, 
Susanna, 4 Eunice 4 , Phebe 4 , Mary 4 , Kersiah 4 , and Patience. 4 These 
children were born between the years 1707 and 1732: inclusive. 

John 4 the eldest son of John 3 , (13,) was b., 6 Feb., 1712, m., in 
1734, and had two sons and two daughters. His sons were Phile- 
mon 5 , and Titus 5 ; his daughters, Eunice 5 , and Hannah 5 . He died 
at Wallingford, Nov. 1747, ae. 35. Philemon 5 , his eldest son, mar- 
ried Lydia Hall, 5 Jan., 1757. He had four sons and five daugh- 
ters. His sons were John Frederick 6 , Rice 6 , .Tared 6 , and Jesse 6 ; 
his daughters. Phebe 6 , Kersiah 6 , Lydia 6 , Patience 6 , and Hannah 6 . 
Philemon 5 , removed from Wallingford, Conn., to Blandford, Mass., 
in 1771, and again removed to Western New York, in 1795. 

Titus 5 , Doolittle, Esq., the youngest son of John 4 , and grandson 
of John 8 , (13.) was born at Wallingford, 12 June, 1745. He mar- 
ried Mary Lewis, daughter of Dr. Lewis, of Wallingford. In 1771, 
he removed from Wallingford to Westfield, Mass., with a young 
family. The part of Westfield, where he settled, was in 1792, in- 
corporated into a town by the name of Russell. He was a farmer 
by occupation and died 23 Nov., 1818, aged 73. He had five sons 
and three daughters. His eldest son, John 6 , died in early life, un- 
married. His second son, Titus 8 , a farmer by occupation, married 
Mary Tracy, daughter of Rev. Stephen Tracy, of Norwich, Mass., 
in 1794. She died in 1843 : he is living in Plainsville, Ohio. Hon. 
Joel 6 , the third son, (grad. Y. C. 1799,) was a Tutor in the College 
at Middlebury, Vt., studied the profession of law, and settled in 
business at Middlebury. He m., Sarah P. Fitch, daughter of 
Ephraim Fitch, Esq., of Pawlet, Vt. He was at sundry times a 
member of the State Legislature and of the Governor's Council, 
and for many years was a Judge of the Supreme Court of the State 
of Vermont, tie was a member of the Corporation of Middlebury 
College. The last State office that he held, was that of member of 
the Board of the Council of State Censors, of which he was chosen 
President. He died at Middlebury, 9 March, 1841, aged 67. The 
fourth son of Titus 5 , Esq., was Amasa 6 , who was a farmer, and 
resided at Cheshire, Conn. He married Mary Hitchcock, daugh- 
ter of Amasa H., of Cheshire; and died in 1825, aged 49. 

Hon. Mark 6 Doolittle, the fifth and youngest son of Titus 5 , Esq., 

graduated at Yale College, in 1804, studied the legal profession, 

and settled in Belchertown. He is the author of an " Historical 

tch of ational Church in Belchertown, Mass.," a 

duodecimo of 2^ 2 es, lately published at Northampton. 

•The present article has been prepared from an account of the Doolittle Family in 
the above book. We have; availed ourselves of some additions and corrections which 
the author has kindly furnished us ; but the greater portion of our article is printed ver- 
batim from Mr. Dnnlittle's accounts there given. Sep poxt* p. 303. 



296 Early Voyagers. [July? 

For his first wife, he married Betsey, Matilda Smith, daughter of 
Dan. Smith, Esq., of West Haven, Vt. She died 13 Nov. 1814, 
aged 28. He m., for his second wife, Sarah T. Raboteau, dau., of 
Charles C. Raboteau, Esq., formerly of Newbury port. 

The daughters of Titus 5 , Doolittle, Esq., were, Elizabeth 6 , who 
married Abraham Bradley, of Russell, and died 28 April, 1831, 
aged 64, leaving sons and daughters : Mary 6 , who m., Noble Fowler, 
of South wick, Mass., and died 11 March 1847, aged 78, leaving 
four sons : and Martha 6 , who m. Solomon Gillett. of Colchester, 
Ct., and now^ resides in that place. 



EARLY VOYAGERS. 



The voyage of master Hore and diuers other Gentlemen, to 
Newfoundland and Cape Breton, in the yeere 1536, and in the 28 
yeere of king Henry the eight. 

One master Hore of London, a man of goodly stature and of 
great courage, and giuen to the studie of Cosmographie, in the 28 
yeere of king Henry the 8, and in the yeere of our Lord 1536, 
encouraged diuers gentlemen and others, being assisted by the 
kings fauour and good countenance, to accompany him in a voy- 
age of discouerie vpon the Northwest partes of America, wherein 
his perswasions tooke such effect, that within short space many 
gentlemen of the innes of court, and of Chauncerie, and diuers 
other of good worship desirous to see the strange things of the 
world, very willingly entered into the action with him, some of 
whose names were as folio weth : M. Wickes, a gentleman of the 
West country of flue hundred markes by the yeere lining. Mas- 
ter Tucke, a gentleman of Kent. M. Tuckfield, M. Thomas Buts 
the sonne of sir William Buts knight of Norfolke, which is yet 
aliue, and from whose mouth I wrote most of this relation. Mas- 
ter Hardie, master Biron, master Carter, master Wright, master 
Rastall, Serieant Rastals brother, master Ridley, and diuers other, 
which all were in the admirall called the Trinitie, a ship of seuen 
score tunnes, wherein M. Hore himselfe was imbarked. In the 
other shippe whose name was the Minion, went a very learned 
and vertuous gentleman, one master Armigil Wade, father to the 
worshipfull master William Wade, now clerke of the prime coun- 
sell. Master Oliuer Dawbeney, merchant of London, M. Joy, af- 
terward gentleman of the kings chappell, with diuers other of good 
account. The whole number that went in the two tall shippes 
aforesayd, to wit, the Trinitie and the Minion, were about six 
score persons, whereof 30 were gentlemen, which all were mus- 
tered in warlike manner at Grauesend, and after the receiuing of 
the sacrament, they embarked themselues in the end of Aprill, 1536. 

Extracted from Hakluyfs Voyages. Edition, 15S9, p. 517. Im- 
printed at London by George Bishop. Ralph Newbery, and Robert 
Barker. See Note in Reg. vol. III., p. 9. 



1852.] Petition from Rev. John Eliot. 297 

A Petition from Rev. John Eliot against selling Indians for slaves. 

In the Massachusetts archives is an original petition, in the hand-writing of the 
Apostle Eliot, from which we make some extracts. 
To the IIonor lle Gov & Council siting at Boston, this 13 th of the 6 th , '75, the humble 

petition of John Eliot. sheweth 

That the terror of selling away such Indians, unto the Hands for ppet- 
ual slaves, who shall yeild up y m selves to your mercy, is like to be an 
efectual p longation of the warre & such an exaspation of y ,n as may 
pduce we know not what evil consequences, upon all the land. Christ 
hath saide, blessed are the mercyfull for y e shall obtaine mercy. This 
useage of y m is worse y" death — the designe of christ in these last dayes, 
is not to extirpate nations, but to gospelize y m — his Sovraigne hand & 
grace hath brought the gospel into these dark places of the earth — when 
we came, we declared to the world, & it is recorded, yea we are ingaged 
by o r letters Patent fro the kings Majesty, that the indeavour of the 
Indians conversion, not their exstirpation, was one great end of our en- 
terprize, in coming to these ends of the earth. The Lord hath so suc- 
ceeded y fc work, as that (by his grace) they have the holy Scriptures & 
sundry of themselves able to teach theire countrymen, the good knowl- 
edge of God. And however some of y m have refused to receive the 
gospel, & now are incensed in their spirits unto a warre against the 
English : yet I doubt not but the meaning of Christ is, to open a dore 
for the free passage of the gospel among y ,n — my humble request is, y l 
you would follow Christ his designe in this matter, to p mute the free 
passage of Religion among y m , & not to destroy y m — to sell soules for 
money seemeth to me a dangerous merchandize, to sell y m away from 
all meanes of grace w n Christ hath p vided meanes of grace for y m , is 
the way for us to be active in the destroying theire Soules : deut. 23, 15, 
16, a fugitive servant fro a Pagan Master, might not be delivered to 
his master, but be kept in Israel for the good of his soule, how much less 
lawfull is it to sell away soules fro under the light of the gospell, into a 
condition where theire soules will be utterly lost, so far as appeareth 
unto man. all men (of reading) condemne the Spaniard for cruelty upon 
this poynt in destroying men, & depopulating the land, the country is 
large enough, here is land enough for them & us too. p. 14, 28, in the 
multitude of people is the kings hono r . it will be much to the glory of 
Christ, to have many brought in to worship his great name. 

I desire the honor' J Council to pardon my boldnesse, & let the case of 
conscience be discussed orderly, before the King be asked, cover my 
weaknesse, & weigh the reason & religion y l laboreth in this great case 
of conscience. 

To show that the fears of Mr. Eliot were not groundless, we append a copy of an 
official document, dated about three months afterward. 

Mattachusetts Collony John Leuerett, esq., Gou r . 

in New England. To all people who shall see these p r sents 

or hear them read, greeting: know y e that Lancelott Talbott & Joseph 
/■^^ Smith have bought, of the tresurer of this Collony, seauen 
( , ) Indians, vizt George, William, fFawkins, great Dauid, Renles (?) 
( \ John Indian & Tommoquin, which Indians were soe foun'' to 

— , — be sould for slaues, to which end the said Talbott & Smith 
may transport them to any place out of this Continent. 

of the truth hereof I haue caused the Publique Scale of the Collo- 
ny to be affixed herevnto, this 22 of 9 th , 1675. 

Anoq Regnis Regis Carols secundi. John Leurett, Gou r . 

Recorded 22 9th, >75.~ ff. Bendall, ReC. 

38 



298 Letters, fyc. [July, 



LETTERS RECEIVED FROM CORRESPONDENTS. 

The deep interest manifested by many patrons of the Register, in respect to the 
list of names of the subscribers to Prince's Chronology, published in the last 
number of the Register, demands the acknowledgements of the Committee of Pub- 
lication. By the publication of that list, all who have access to this periodical, 
see at once who the individuals are about whom information is desired, and numer- 
ous letters have been received, expressing gratification that the list is published in 
the Register, and giving genealogical memoirs of many names in said list. The 
articles communicated will be inserted as fast as space can be spared for them, and 
the initials of their authors will accompany them, as in the present number. 
Many more than can be inserted immediately, have been received, but let this fact 
not discourage any from communicating whatever they can, as all so communica- 
ted, will, jn due time be published, or all that is necessary to complete the 
plan laid out. 

Subscribers to the Register were early invited to communicate an account of 
their ancestry to be deposited in the archives of the society. A great number of 
such communications have been received, and were appropriate matter for this 
work, but as room could not be found for them all, and to publish a selection from 
them might seem invidious, they have been carefully preserved for future refer- 
ence, agreeable to the original proposal of invitation. However, having a few 
lines space allowed us here, it may be gratifying to some of our readers to make 
a few extracts from these communications at this time, and we hope to continue 
them in future numbers of the Register. 

The Rev. Shubael Bartlett, writes, under date, — "East Windsor, Ct., 22 Jan. 
1852. Sir, — I have taken this Register from the beginning of its publication, and 
feel a deep interest in it. You will not wonder at my interest, if I tell you 1 am 
descended from John Carver, John Howland, William Brewster, Richard 
Warren, John Alden, &c, to the number of twelve of the Mayflower com- 
pany. I am an old man — 73 3-4 years — but 1 love to seaich out and to tell my 
children these things." 

From Mr. William S. Porter, " New Haven, 21 Jan. 1852," an interesting ac- 
count of his branch of the Porter family. 

Hon. Samuel Clark writes, — " West Brattleboro, 17 Jan. 1852. — Dear Sir : I 
will continue to take the Register another year, and send you two dollars in pay- 
ment. I wish you great success in the work. I will take it as long as I live, 
which cannot be long, as I am now almost seventy-jive years of age." 

From Archelaus Deane Atwood, Esq. " Orrington, Me. 3 April, 1852," a 
particular, and we doubt not accurate account of his paternal ancestry. He closes, 
" wishing you success in an object so worthy of it, as rescuing from oblivion the 
facts and incidents in the early history of our beloved New England, I re- 
main, &c, A. D. A. 

From Mr. Charles Pomeroy, — " Meriden, Ct., 1 June, 1852." His immediate 
descent from the well known historical character in the Indian history of New 
England — Eltwood Pomeroy — is briefly traced. 

From Jonathan Clark, Esq.—" Hampton, Ct., 24 Jan. 1852." Mr. Clark, 
though now 78 years of age, volunteers to furnish transcripts of the records of 
births, &c, in Hampton, from a wish to aid the Register beyond his yearly sub- 
scription. > 

There has been recently received from Horatio N. Otis, Esq., of New York, 
a beautiful transcript of the births, marriages and deaths on the records of Col- 
chester, Ct., and numerous other papers of great interest from individuals, which 
we have not space to particularize. 

Amos Otis, Esq., " Yarmouth, Mass., May, 1852," — expressing gratification 
at the publication of the subscribers to Princes's Chronology, and furnishing im- 
portant facts concerning several of those names, for which room could not be 
found in the present number. 

Publishing Committee. 



1852.] Notices of Publications. 299 

NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

The Hundred Boston Orators, appointed by the Municipal Authorities, 
from 1770 to 1852; comprising Historical Gleanings, illustrating the 
Principles and Progress of our Republican Institutions. By James 
Spear Loring. Boston, 8vo. 1852. pp. 694. 

This work of Mr. Loring, considered in an historical point of view alone, will 
be considered a valuable contribution to the history of Boston ; considered as a 
biographical work, it will be of immense advantage to inquirers about those who 
have stood forth as public speakers in the metropolis, through a period of the 
greatest interest, not only in the history of Boston, but of the country. 

The plan adopted by the author, of presenting his individuals to his readers, is 
somewhat novel, and at the same time has its advantages over formal biography. 
Here every man is made to speak for himself, and if he has at times spoken fool- 
ishly, it is not the fault of the author. Few characters will stand the scrutiny in 
this respect like a Webster or an Everett ; few, very few there are, who at some 
time, have not suffered themselves to be betrayed into the use of language, with 
which to wound an adversary, but which in the calm that ensues, wounds 
nobody but themselves. 

Mr. Loring was among the early members of the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society, a Society, as its title indicates, covering a broad ground, 
and embracing in its objects, all Historical and Antiquarian, Biographical and 
Genealogical information relative to New England. It is in fact the New En- 
gland Historical Society. From the work under notice, it will at once be 
perceived that its author possesses high claims to the honors of this society — a 
society expressly instituted to embrace among its members those devoted to pur- 
suits which are to benefit future generations, in the important inquiries which it 
was established to promote. As Mr. Loring has paid particular attention to the 
Genealogical part of his work, thus much is due to him, therefore, in regard to 
a society of which he is an important member. 

The author of " The Hundred Orators" has been most industrious upon his 
work from the time he formed the idea of it, until it was produced, (26 May, 
1852.) He had, perhaps, before him, that excellent maxim of Dr. Johnson, 
namely, that " a man would never publish if he waited to get all he wanted; 
that in groping about for materials forever, he would tire out his own mind, and 
hence would never produce anything ; and all he had done would be lost to the 
world." There are many at this day whom we should recommend to inscribe 
this sentiment of Johnson on the door they have occasion to open ofienest. 

We have as yet detected but very few errors in Mr. Loring's work; and 
nobody will expect that it is without some ; and if there are not an abundance of 
them he will have almost committed a miracle — for he has been obliged to gather 
his facts from such an infinity of sources, that it will be a wonder indeed if there 
are not many errors in the book ; and yet, after all, so far as we can judge, it is 
as free from them, as any work of equal magnitude could be, considering these cir- 
cumstances. 

In his Preface, Mr. Loring styles himself Editor. This is too modest a word 
altogether. He is The Author. We object to the use of another word, in his 
title-page — the word gleanings. Now it is not quite the thing for one who gath- 
ers the first crop in a field to say he has been gleaning — that the Author is not the 
first in his field, we take it no one will deny. In the next edition we hope he will 
substitute, instead of gleanings, researches. Anybody can glean after every body, 
but anybody can't make original Researches in every field. Messrs. J. P. Jewett 
& Co., have brought out the work in fine style. 

First Semi-annual Report of the Super hitendent of Public Schools oj 
the City of Boston. Second Edition. 1852. 8vo. pp. 48. 

So much might be said on the interesting subject of our Public Schools, that it 
is difficult to say anything in the very brief space here allotted. It may have 
been many times said that they are the glory of Boston, and it may with equal 
propriety be said, that they arc the glory of New England; and, not only so. 



300 Notices of Publications. \}^Y) 

their influence is felt all over the land ; and we feel warranted in saying it will 
erelong: be felt, in every direction, beyond the seas. The looks used in the New 
England schools, and also those which have been used in former times, are begun 
to be collected in the metropolis of the British Empire. This is thought to be a 
consideration worthy the regard of every New England man and woman, as it 
may lead them to enquire whether a public or private library in Boston, or else- 
where in New England, has any such collection itself, with even a slight claim 
to completeness. 

The " Superintendent," Nathan Bishop, Esq., has, in the " Report " before 
ns, thrown out many excellent hints upon the various important points within the 
line of his duty, and made suggestions, from all which the inference is irresista- 
ble that, notwithstanding what has been done, there is yet room for improvement, 
both in regard to the physical and intellectual treatment of children in the public 
schools. 

Mr. Bishop has appended to his Report sundry Statistical Tables of great in- 
terest ; as " The cost of School Estates," " Annual Amount paid for Tuition," 
&c, " Amount annually expended for the Erection and Alteration of School 
Houses for the last few years, &c." 

It strikes us as rather singular, that an edition of a document, of the import- 
ance of this Report, should consist of but one thousand copies ; that being the 
number " ordered to be printed," on the 30th Dec. 1851. The second edition i» 
" ordered " to consist of two thousand copies. 

An Oration delivered before the Cape Cod Association, at their First An- 
niversary Celebration in Boston, Nov. 11th, 1851. By Henry A. 
Scudder. Boston : 8vo. 1852, pp. 49. 

The name " Cape Cod " is about as indefinite as the expression " Down East." 
It often embraces territory to suit the whims of individuals, as they do or do not 
desire to be reckoned as belonging to Cape Cod. And thus at one time it may 
not only include Province Town, but the whole County of Barnstable, and even 
a part of Plymouth. 

*' The Cape Cod Association " was organized in Boston on the 12th of May, 
1851, on which occasion the following gentlemen were chosen " officers for the 
first year." David Sears, President; William Slurjiis, Lemuel Shaw, Daniel 
C. Bacon, Benjamin Bangs, Prince Hawes, Benjamin Burgess, Benjamin F. 
Halleit, Joshua Sears, Francis Bassett, Robert Bacon, Thomas Thacher, S. K. 
Lothrop, John G. Palfrey, Vire Presidents ; Isaac Thacher, Treasurer ; Henry A. 
Scudder, Cor. Secretary; William S. Thacher, Record. Secretary. 

As a reason for instituting this " Association," the officers above named say, 
** there should be some more direct and agreeable method than had before existed, 
.for bringing into acquaintance, and familiar, social communion, all those who 
claim a common Cape Cod origin, residents of Boston and vicinity." It was on 
the occurrence of its first Anniversary, that Mr. Scudder delivered the eloquent 
and appropriate address, the title of which stands at the head of this notice. 

A Visitation of the seats and Arms of the Noblemen and Gentlemen of 
Great Britain. By John Bernard Burke, Esq., of the Middle Tern- 
•pie, Barrister at Law, Author of the " Peerage," Landed Gentry, &c, 
Part I. London, 1852, royal Svo. pp. 176. 

Not every person, and perhaps not every antiquary would gather from the title- 
page of this work of Mr. Burke, a very adequate idea of its contents. '* Visita- 
tions," with genealogists in New England, are generally supposed to refer to these 
old Visitations of the Heralds of former times. Mr. Burke's Visitations are not 
exactly of this character. In his Preface, which is one of elegance and highly in- 
structive, he thus explains the objects of his work ; — " An interest of a very pecul- 
iar kind attaches to the Castles, Mansions and Baronial Halls of England, of which 
every class in its own degree, and after its own fashion is alike sensible. To the 
modern mansion belong attractions of an equal amount, but of a different nature. 
The most republican disposition has a natural, and we may therefore infer, a praise- 
worthty curiosity, to become acquainted with the site of great actions, and the hab- 
its of illustrious characters It is wonderful to see what a strong hold 



1852.] Notices of Publications. 301 

these seats of the great and wealthy have upon the minds and affections of all who 
dwell in the same country. No doubt, those in humbler situations do not always 
view with complacency the better fortunes of others, but with this, for the most 
part, mingles a vague feeling that the honour of their country is involved in the 
great men and noble seats that adorn it, and that honour is in some manner their 
own." 

Judging from this specimen number before us, we are inclined to the opinion 
that the work will be a most valuable companion to the other kindred works by the 
same author. It is an attempt, or such it appears to us, at an improvement on the 
Magna Britannia's of former times ; but whether it will succeed as well is a ques- 
tion probably not yet settled. But if untiring perseverance and ability can secure 
a good demand for a work, Mr. Burke will be sure to find it for this. He would 
not, nor could he if he would make a poor book. His numerous and immensely 
valuable works on the "Peerage, " Landed Gentry," "General Armory," &c. 
&c, are monuments of which he may well be proud. In the present work, the 
propriety of separating the Visitations of Arms from that of the Seats we think 
questionable ; and in tabulating his pedigrees, in some instances thtre are words 
and sentences for which we do not see the least use or necessity, — as, for example 
on page 31 of " Visitation of Arms," the words " From whom descended" are re- 
peated eleven times. They are not only entirely superfluous, but a blemish to the 
pedigree. Should this meet the eye of the author, he will thank us for thus hon- 
estly expressing our opinions, though they may weigh nothing against his own. 
No hand would undertake the labor which Mr. Burke's has undertaken unless im- 
pelled by a magnanimity which will command the admiration and gratitude of gen- 
erations that are to come. 

The Life and Labors of Rev. Samuel Worcester, D. D. Former Pastor 
of the Tabernacle Church, Salem, Mass. By his Son, Samuel M. 
Worcester, D. D. Present Pastor of the Tabernacle Church. 2 Vols. 
12mo. Boston, 1852. pp. 956. 

It is probably doubtful, whether, since the time of the Mathers, a man can be 
produced, the bearers of which have been authors of so many works, as those bear- 
ing the name of Worcester. This, is a question of no very great importance. 
Whether the Worcesters have written more or less than others which might be 
named, is far less important than what they have written ; what influence their 
writings have had upon the conduct of individuals, and the welfare of the commu- 
nity. Certain it is, that influence has been very great, and we frankly give it as 
our judgment, that no candid mind can peruse the volumes under notice without 
coming to the conclusion, that a vast debt is due to the family of Worcester for the 
signal benefits their works have been to mankind. It is a most happy thing, that 
we are able to resuscitate, as it were, those who have passed away ; those who, in 
their day, were "shining lights," but by whose death those lights were par- 
tially extinguished. In this day of Progress, the most valuable works are soon 
forgotten, and hence it becomes necessary to call attention to them in some way. 
.To reproduce them is the most effectual manner of calling attention to them ; next 
to their reproduction, the life of the authors are the best means to accomplish the 
end. No Memoirs could be better calculated for this object than these of Dr. Wor- 
cester, by his son. 

In this brief notice of Mr. Worcester's work, nothing but the most partial jus- 
tice can be done. Almost every one, now-a-days, expects, and they have a right 
to expect, that when they take up a book of Biography, they shall find some ac- 
count of the ancestors of the individual about whom it has been written. The au- 
thor of this work seems to have been well aware of such expectations, and in it we 
find an interesting account, not only of Dr. Worcester's immediate ancestry, but we 
find some account of others of the name who have been noted in their days. 

The first individual who bore the name of Worcester, very probably took it from 
the place of that name in England ; but when, and the circumstances connected 
with that individual, are beyond the reach of all investigations. The same is true 
of almost all names, in all civilized countries. There is in Mr. Worcester's Life 
some ingenious speculations upon the origin of the name, hut as Camden, and other 
antiquaries before and since the days of that prince of antiquaries are not agreed 
upon the matter, we on this side of the Atlantic will readily be excused, no doubt. 



302 Notices of Publications. [July, 

from attempts to elucidate it. — Cornaviorum regio altera, mutato nunc nomine, Wi- 
gorniejisis Comitatus, Latine, Wireceastcrseyre Anglosaxoniac a primario opido, Wor- 
cestershire vulgo dicitur, is a part of Camden's observations. We have not room 
for the whole, and it is the essential part. 

Dr. Samuel Worcester was horn in Hollis, N. II., November 1st, 1770. Hol- 
lis, observes the author of his Life, is remarkable as the birth-place of eminent 
ministers. Here resided Noah Worcester, Esq., among whose sons were Dr. 
Noah Worcester, of Brighton, and Dr. Samuel Worcester, of Salem, Ms. The 
tradition that three brothers Worcesters came to New England originally, may 
bo true of this family, but in about ninety-nine cases out of a hundred, the same 
tradition concerning the ancestors of other families has proved to have no founda- 
tion whatever. The Rev. William Worcester, of Salisbury, who died in that 
town, 28.8: 1662, appears to be the ancestor of Dr. Samuel W. There was liv- 
ing in the same town in 1666, Moses Worcester, " one of y e owners of Mr. Hall's 
farm," but we do not notice him in the work before us. How he stood related to 
the original ancestor, the Rev. William, is not expressed. 

Notwithstanding the respect in which the character and importance of Dr. 
Worcester were held in his lifetime, by his cotemporaries, a recurrence to his 
acts and labors in detail, as presented in these volumes, will raise the estimation 
of his power and worth in the minds of all who may read them. 

We cannot close this brief notice of Dr. Worcester better than by inserting 
the inscription from his tombstone, and the few words also which precede it. 

"In the Harmony Grove Cemetery, at Salem, may now be seen a white mar- 
ble tablet, with the inscription. 

Rev. Samuel Worcester, D. D., 

Pastor of the Tabernacle Church, and First 

Corresponding Secretary of the A. B. C. F. M. 

Born at Hollis, N. II., Nov. 1, 1770. 

Died at Brainerd, E. Ten., 

June 7, 1821. Aged 50. 

His remains deposited in this place, May 5th, 1845." 

A Discourse delivered at the Funeral of Professor Moses Stuart. By 
Edwards A. Park, Andover, Mass. Boston : 8vo. pp. 56. 

Mr. Park's text on this occasion was, " Them that honor me, I will honor.'"' 
I. Sam 2 : 30. It is peculiarly appropriate that, when a great man dies, it 
should fall to the lot of one capable of doing justice to his memory, to perform 
such a service. It has so happened in the present instance. No man probably 
could have performed that solemn service more acceptably than Professor Park; 
and yet he tells us that he " was called unexpectedly to preach at the interment 
of Mr. Stuart, and that he was obliged 1o prepare hastily for the sad occasion." 
Professor Stuart was born in Milton, Ct. 26 March, 1780, died at Andover, Ms. 
Jan. 4th, 1852, ae. nearly 72. He had been a preacher of the gospel 47 years, a 
teacher of youth 11 years, a Professor in the Theological Seminary 38 years. 
His death was so sudden and tranquil, that but few of his family were apprized 
of it before the morning. His disease was the influenza and typhoid fever. The 
funeral was on Thursday, P. M. Jan. 8th, 1852. 

Few men have acquired larger or richer stores of learning, or scattered them 
more liberally and extensively — and few of course have exercised a more power- 
ful or beneficial influence on the literature of the age. 

A Biographical History of the County of Litchfield, Ct. Comprising Bi- 
ographical Sketches ot Distinguished Natives and Residents of the 
County, together with complete lists of the Judges of the County Court, 
Justices of the Quorum, County Commissioners, Judges of Probate, 
Sheriffs, Senators, &c, from the organization of the County to the 
present time. By Payne Kenyon Kilbourne. New York, 1851. 
8vo. pp. 413. 

Mr. Kilbourne, the author of this work, can, to say the least of him, be no other 
than a man of great industry ; but that is by no means all which should be said of 



1852.] Notices of Publications. 303 

him. He seems to be not only a diligent collector of facts, but he uses them with 
great skill and judgment. 

Two very famous New England antiquaries, old and valued acquaintances of the 
writer, used to have much seeming altercation when they met, as to whose town 
had been the place of birth of the most persons of eminence and note — one was a 
native of a town in the County of Worcester, (and is now deceased) the other, of 
a town in the County of Essex. The claims of the gentleman of the last named 
county had at length extended so far, that the other gentleman declared at last, 
that if the claims set up by his friend could be maintained, there was nothing left 
for him. This harmless pleasantry of old friends came forcibly to mind on glanc- 
ing over Mr. Kilbourne's catalogue, in the beginning of his book, of the names of 
the "natives and residents " of the young county of Litchfield. It in truth com- 
prehends so many names, that, without much reflection we were ready to exclaim, 
" Can there be any left for the rest of Connecticut?" Why, there is Ethan Allen, 
Oliver Wolcott, John Trumbull, Seth Warner, the Chipmans, Griswold, Critten- 
den, J. C. Smith, Ira Allen, Holley, Bradley, Strong, Spencer, Wessells, Whittle- 
sey, Foote, Taylor, Bacon, Phelps, Pierpont, Day, Porter, Seymour, Tallmadge, 
Loomis, Mason, &c, &c, and while we cannot mention all of them, we protest 
that nothing invidious must be supposed intended. 

Mr. Kilbourne's biographies are well and interestingly written, and their value 
is greatly enhanced, because he has in almost every instance, given some account 
of the genealogy of the family to which the individuals belong ; and while it is our 
opinion that this right arm of biography has been entirely too much neglected, we 
subscribe fully to the sentiment — Nobilitatis virtus non stemma character. 

A Reply to the Strictures of Lord Mahon and others, on the mode of edit- 
ing the Writings of Washington. By Jared Sparks. Cambridge, 
1852. 8vo. pp. 35. 

Among those unacquainted with the nature of editing such matter as the writings 
of Washington, the attack on the labors of Mr. Sparks, found some response ; but 
since the appearance of his " Reply " the number that can be found in the ranks 
of the assailing party is believed to be exceeding small ; indeed it has not been our 
fortune to hear of so much as a single individual. It would be difficult to find, 
probably, in the annals of criticism, a more complete and triumphant victory over 
an adversary than Mr. Sparks has achieved over those who so ignorantly entered 
the ranks in the crusade against him. They have been beaten off the ground at 
every point, and with their own weapons. A smaller animal may sometimes make 
a lion roar, by deceiving him as to his prey. Lord Mahon, though no lion, taking 
the notes of the small scribbling fry, has, in his ill advised attack, committed one 
of those immense bulls for which his neighbors are so celebrated. He has affirmed 
that " Mr. Sparks has printed no part of the correspondence as Washington wrote 
it, but has greatly altered it." Now his lordship does not even pretend that he has 
so much as compared with the printed work, or even seen a single original letter of 
Washington ! 

Historical Sketch of the Congregational Church in Belchertown, Mass, 
From its organization, 111 years, with Notices of the Pastors and Of- 
ficers, and List of Communicants chronologically arranged, tracing 
Genealogies, Intermarriages and Family Relations. Also, embracing 
numerous Facts and Incidents relating to the First Settlers and Early 
History of the Place. Bv Hon. Mark Doolittle. Northampton, 
Mass., ia52. 12mo. pp.* 282. 

The inhabitants of Belchertown are laid under a heavy obligation to the Author 
of the work whose title stands above ; nor is this the only obligation they arc un- 
der to Mr. Doolittle. He has been a benefactor in other fields of duty than a merely 
literary field ; and not only to Belchertown but to the Commonwealth at large. 
There stands as a frontispiece to the volume, a very beautiful engraving of the Au- 
thor, than which nothing could be more appropriate for the work. 

The Title-page so fully sets forth the Contents of Mr. Doolittle's work that wo 
need not go into a detail of them in this notice. The plan of the book is some- 



3im Notices of Publications. [July, 

what novel. It opens with a well digested account of the early settlement and pro- 
gress of Beichertown, and closes with Genealogical Accounts of several families ; 
among which are those of Smith, Lyman, Bridgeman, Stebbins, Toune, Dwight, 
Phelps, Warner, Bardwell, Haunum, Graves, Cowles, Porter and Doolittle. — 
There is also a full list of Communicants in the Congregational Church in Belcher- 
town from its organization is 1737 to 1851. This List Mr. Doolittle has enriched 
with an immense number of Genealogical and Biographical additions. 

The History and Genealogy of the Peentice or Prentiss Family in New 
England, from 1631 to 1852. Collected by C. J. F. Binney. " Boston. 
Published by the Author, 1852. 8vo. pp. 180. 

This is one of those remarkable volumes which have of late years been produced 
throuoh a growing attention to genealogical research. And it is a specimen very 
creditable to the Author's industry and perseverance, as well as good taste. It em- 
bodies a great variety of information for the families which the work records and 
illustrates are very extensive and numerous. We say families — for it embraces 
seven distinct stocks, of whose immediate connection with each other no satisfac- 
tory traces are found : a circumstance not uncommon indeed in our American kin- 
dreds, descended of old English families widely spread in their original homes, 
and not knowing friere, perhaps, any distinct relationship beside a common origin 
from a remote British, Celtic, Saxon, or Norman race. 

It is matter of our serious regret, that so small a space can be afforded to a no- 
tice of this interesting work. We had marked as many as nineteen places for spe- 
cial observation ; but have no room for detail ; and must refer our readers to the 
work itself, copies of which are on sale. The labor necessary to produce the vol- 
ume may be conceived of, when it is said, that no less than 1295 different articles 
are contained in it. An Index is judiciously inserted. Beside this there are Ad- 
denda, an Appendix, and an Extra. The illustrations, by some ten or twelve en- 
gravings, lithographs, and wood cuts, as they must have added much to the ex- 
pense of the publication, greatly ornament the volume — as do the beautiful stanzas 
written by two young ladies of the name, now deceased. j. 

The Annals of Albany. By J. Mtjinsell. Vol. III. Albany, 1852. 
12mo. pp. 380. 

There are in this volume of the history of Albany some articles of very great 
interest, and none but what are worthy of a place in such a work. A few of the 
titles of those articles follow : — City Records from 1695 to 1699 — Dutch names of 
Persons, Places and Things, with their significations — Baptisms in \he Ref. Prot. 
Dutch Church from 1693 to 1707 — A Table of Dutch baptismal Names with the 
corresponding English names— Ancient Wills — Congress atxVlbany, in 1754, &c. 

The work is executed in a very handsome style with eight or ten beautiful en- 
gravings ; among which is a fine one of Gen. Stephen Van Rensselaer, with a 
memoir of that distinguished gentleman. By D. D. Barnard. 

A Dictionary of Congregational Usages and Principles according to an- 
cient and modern Authors ; to which are added Brief Notices of some 
of the Principal writers, Assemblies, and Treatises referred to in the 
compilation. By Preston Cummings, of Leicester, Mass., late Pastor 
of the Congregational Church, Buckland, Mass. Boston, 1852. 12mo. 
pp. 419. 

The Author of this work so fully sets forth its objects, that it is unnecessary to 
say any thing on that score. He tells us in his preface, that "its origin was a 
supposed want of copious references to many points of frequent practical use in 
counsels, church-meetings, and private duties ; that it was undertaken at the re- 
quest of the Franklin Association, but without a due counting of the cost by the 
compiler." 

That young clergymen will find Mr. Cummings work a very convenient manual 
for them, there can be no doubt. It would require a large library to contain the 
necessary books for consultation on the subjects explained in the l< Dictionary of 
Congresational usages." Many of them would be wanted for no other purpose ; 
and, therefore, to the majority of people, this work of Mr. Cummings may serve 
them as well as a full department of an extensive library. 



1852.] Notices of Publications. 305 

Report of the City Registrar of the Births, Marriages and Deaths in 
the City of Boston, for the year 1851. Boston : 1852. 

On the 26th of January, Artemas Simonds, Esq., the indefatigable 
Registrar of the City of Boston, and a pattern for all other persons who 
keep records, made his third annual report to the City Council. By this 
it appears that during the past year, the following labor has been per- 
formed by himself and assistants : — 

"Five thousand three hundred and thirty-eight births have been registered, 
namely, 2788 males and 2550 females ; children of 1757 American fathers and 
1805 American mothers; and of 3392 fathers and 3372 mothers of foreign birth ; 
the nativity of 149 fathers and 121 mothers being unknown. 

The intentions of marriage of two thousand nine hundred and fifty-three couples 
have been entered, and certificates issued; namely, 1382 male and 13G6 female 
Americans ; and 1571 males and 1587 females, natives of foreign countries. 

Two thousand eight hundred and sixty-three marriages have been recorded, the 
parties being in and about the same proportion as to their origin. 

Three thousand eight hundred and fifty-five deaths, which occurred within the 
limits of the City, have been registered; namely, 1966 males and 1889 females, 
1723 being of American, and 2122 of foreign origin, as nearly as can be ascer- 
tained. 

Copies of the records of births, marriages and deaths, generally with particulars 
of date, name, age, sex, condition, locality, nativity and parentage, have been 
prepared, in compliance with law, for the Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

Full indices of the names of the persons born, married and deceased are also 
made. 

The amount of fees collected, mostly in sums of fifty cents, and paid to the 
City Treasurer is three thousand two hundred and ninety-eight dollars and 
twenty-five cents. 

An act of the last Legislature imposes on municipal authorities the duty of pro- 
viding " a place for the safe keeping and preservation of public records," and 
also provides " that records which have become worn, mutilated or illegible, shall 
be transcribed, certified and preserved." The safe in this office not being of suf- 
ficient size to contain the record books, a new one has been added, so that now all 
important records and papers may be considered secure from the elements. 

Some progress has been made in transcribing the early and worn records. In 
this labor, the assistance of Hon. James Savage and Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M.D., 
both eminent antiquarians and genealogists, is gratefully acknowledged. The lat- 
ter gentleman, in particular, has cheerfully devoted much time in decyphering an- 
cient and almost illegible chirography. 

In obedience to an order of the City Council, requiring indices to certain 
record books to be made, eight considerable volumes, containing some 100,000 
names, have been prepared by careful and competent clerks. These indices will 
greatly facilitate future investigations. 

It was remarked in a former Report that there were great deficiencies in former 
records, particularly an entire omission of marriages from 1751 to 1761. The 
ministers of King's Chapel, New North and New South Churches, have kindly 
allowed copies to be taken of 732 marriages, found on their church hooks for that 
period ; and it is hoped that additions may yet be made from existing records, of 
some at least, of the other eleven churches of that time." 

It is understood that a capable person is employed in completing the 
indices of the old volumes, and in making copies of such as have not as 
yet been transcribed. 

For these valuable aids and facilities from the City Registrar, gcneal- 
og.sts cannot be too thankful. s. 



John Nutting is allowed to be a corporal of y e Military Company at Groton. 
— Mtddlesex Court Records, 3:8: 1663. 

39 



306 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[July, 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 



MARRIAGES. 

Payson, Mr. Thomas, of Dorchester, 
to Miss Melinda P. Blake, daughter of 
Mr. Samuel Blake, at Lowell, 14th May. 

Pomeroy, Isaac, Esq., of New YorkCity, 
to Mary J. dau. of Charles Taylor, of 
Newark, at Newark, N. J. 

Shurtleff, Mr. Win. H., of Philadel- 
phia, Pa., to Miss Annie E. Langley, of 
Providence, at Providence, 29 April. 

Waldron, Mr. John, of Fall River, to 
Miss Ruth C. Dean, of Bridgewater, at 
New Bedford, 28 April. 

Wyman, Mr. Artemas B., of Boston, to 
Miss Cyrene A. Poor, at Boston, 23 May. 

DEATHS. 

..Adams, Mrs. Louisa C, Washington, D. 
C, 15 May, in the 77th year of her age. 
Mrs. A., was the relic of the late Presi- 
dent John Quincy Adams. She was a 
native of Frederick county Maryland ; 
daughter of Joshua Johnson, andgrand- 
dau. of Gov. Johnson. She was mar- 
ried to Mr. Adams, in London, 26 July 
1797, when he was U. S. Minister to 
the Hague ; her father being at the same 
time the American Consul, in London. 
Ballou, Rev. Hosea, Boston, 6 June, 
ae. 81. He was born in Richmond, 
Cheshire Co., N. H., 30 April 1771. 
His father was the Baptist clergyman in 
that town, and the son joined the Bap- 
tist Church there, in his nineteenth year. 
He soon after became a Universalis!, and 
began to preach in the fall of 1791. In 
1796 he married Ruth Washburn, who 
survives him. He was first settled in 
Dana, Mass. ; then in Barnard Vt. ; 
then in Portsmouth, N. II. ; then in Sa- 
lem, Mass., whence he removed in 1817 
to Boston, and became pastor of the 
School Street Church to which he has 
ministered for thirty-five years. ' ; Fa- 
ther Ballou " was a man of great sim- 
plicity and purity of character, and 
doubtless owed much of his tenacity of 
life and vigor to early and consistent 
temperance. His death was sudden. 
He had made arrangements to preach on 
several successive Sabbaths. 
Barry, Rev. Edmund, D., D. D., Jer- 
sey City, N. J., 20 April, ac. 75 years. 
Dr. B., was Rector of St. Matthew's 
Church. 
Brainard, Deac. James, Cleveland, 
Ohio, 10 March, in his 95th year ; a na- 
tive of M iddle Hanna m , Ct. He served 
as a musician in the army of the revolu- 
tion. 
Burns, Major John, Whitefield, N. IT., 
6 May, ae. 97 ; a soldier of the revo- 
lution. 



Carney, Daniel, Esq., Newcastle, Me., 
11 March, ae. 87. Mr. C. was born in 
Dresden, Me., : afterwards moved to 
Boston ; became a distinguished mer- 
chant ; and was elected a -member of 
the Board of Aldermen. In 1830 he 
moved with his family to Newcastle. 
Mr. C, was the father of twenty-two 
children, eighteen of whom survive him. 
He had nine children by his first, and 
thirteen by his second wife, who is his 
widow. He also left four sisters and one 
brother whose united ages amou